Military Review

The world returns to race in space exploration

25
Today, the development of space technologies, as well as the very high dependence of the economy on space (of some states), leads to an increase in opposition outside our planet. This is the point of view that Vitaly Davydov, deputy director of the Foundation for Advanced Studies, adheres to. According to this specialist, the European countries and the United States are currently taking all possible steps in order to channel all their scientific and technical potential in order to achieve advantages in space, including in the military sphere. Davydov notes that, taking into account the very high significance of the cosmos, the probability of opposition in it is quite large. The specialist spoke about this at a special meeting at the Mission Control Center (MCC), which was devoted to the development of the rocket and space industry in Russia. The meeting was chaired by Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin.


According to Vitaly Davydov, it is very important to know what exactly is happening today in near-earth orbit, which could potentially become a new theater of military operations. The expert noted that this is a task that involves doing serious work on the space control system, over which the Federal Space Agency is currently working. We are talking about a warning system of dangerous approaches in space. Davydov also added that it is necessary not only to know where a particular spacecraft is located, but also to provide a full understanding of exactly what condition it is currently in. Knowing this, we will be able to better understand what our potential adversary is preparing for, since in today's realities any large-scale military operations begin with a change in the configuration or activity of a satellite constellation deployed in space.

It is worth noting that by the spring of 2014, Russia will have completed the process of forming the United Rocket and Space Corporation (ORKK). This was previously mentioned by Igor Komarov, who holds the post of deputy head of Roskosmos. It is assumed that at the first stage the process of incorporation of the Research Institute of Space Instrument Making, the process of transferring shares to federal ownership will take place, after which changes will be made to the authorized capital of the Ordinary Computing Plant. All this will take time. It is supposed that ORKK will be able to create by April 2014 of the year, Igor Komarov spoke about this in an interview with the Russian news agency ITAR-TASS. Earlier, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, who oversees the development of the Russian defense industry, announced that space-related enterprises that work not only in the civilian sphere would be included in the new corporation. The CSCs should also include those enterprises and organizations that are working on the orders of the Ministry of Defense of Russia.

The world returns to race in space exploration


The crisis in the Russian space industry

At the same time, the situation in the space sphere in Russia today cannot be called successful. Speaking at the expert council of the Federation Council of Russia, Yury Koptev, who is the chairman of the scientific and technical council of the state corporation Rostec, said that at present the Russian space group is even behind the space groups of China and India. According to him, the state of the Russian orbital constellation can be described as catastrophic. Currently, the Chinese orbital grouping is superior to the Russian. And if we pay attention to its substantive part, then we are losing both in civil and military units. We give in to meteorology, Earth sounding, in connection not only with the US and European groups, but also with the orbital groups of India and China.

The materials, which were distributed among the media employees, directly report that the Russian rocket and space industry is almost uncompetitive in modern realities. The exception is a number of specific and fairly narrow segments of launch services and manned astronautics. At present, Russia is also losing its position in the field of scientific space. The former head of Roscosmos, Yuri Koptev, connects many of the current problems of the industry with a fairly large number of imported components. According to Koptev, at present such components in the Russian cosmonautics are already of the order of 600 type nominal. At the same time, Russia uses the components of the category Industry, without guarantees that they can withstand the conditions of operation in space. In addition, according to Yuri Koptev, there is simply no production of more than 500 necessary materials in Russia.

Today, the catastrophic situation in which the Russian space industry is located is already visible with the naked eye. It is not only about emergency starts, which in recent years have become much more frequent. We are talking about a real kickback in the exploration of outer space, the interruption of the development of space technology, the degradation of a space group. A year ago, the Russian Ministry of Defense refused to adopt the GLONASS satellite navigation system. Then it was said that this delay was caused by a delay in the paperwork process, but a whole year passed, and the documents were not drawn up. At present, it is not even a matter of putting the group on combat duty, most likely, it’s not the papers, but the hardware.


In December 2012 of the year in Russia, the launch of the spacecraft, which belongs to the next generation, Glonass-K, was canceled. Then we were convinced that this launch should take place in February-March 2013 of the year, but soon February of 2014 of the year, and Russia continues to send Glonass-M devices, which belong to the last day, to orbit. And even these devices do not always fly.

At the same time, Russian Space Systems (RKS), which is the main creator of the space and ground equipment of the GLONASS system, after the expulsion from its post of the accused and defamed by embezzlement (the size of which is legendary) by the general designer Yuri Urlichich has undergone the real pogrom. A number of leading specialists of the company were dismissed from their posts, some breakthrough developments were curtailed. At the same time, the criminal case against Urlichich collapsed, and the space enterprise, which literally 3 just a year ago was considered one of the most successful in the Roscosmos system, cannot be considered as such. If in the accounting report published on the official website of RSK for 2011, the billionth profit was recorded in the year, then the report for 2012 did not appear at all. According to rumors, the company ended the year with a loss of 2013 billion rubles. Perhaps these rumors are greatly exaggerated, but the general trend is clear.

Now we can say that the short “reign” of Vladimir Popovkin in Roscosmos turned out to be a serious fall for the whole industry. Damage to prestige, the scientific and industrial potential of the damage will be difficult to compensate. First of all, due to the fact that specialists who promoted certain space technologies and space technology were lost. In the light of the beginning of the reform of Roscosmos, the preservation of the remaining personnel and the potential that has been saved has been very important.



The moon is one of the priorities

By the middle of the twenty-first century, the moon may become a kind of seventh continent of our planet, at least, as experts predict. It is assumed that humanity will develop the polar regions of the natural satellite of the Earth, bases will be built on the moon, and it is possible that the moon will become a place of collision of economic interests of various states. At present, some representatives of the scientific community are drawing a parallel between the Arctic shelf and the Moon, believing that the real competitive struggle can also take place on the satellite. Various states will try to capture areas near the lunar poles, where the best places for arranging habitable bases are located.

It was at the poles of the moon that a large amount of ice was found, from which it would be possible to get drinking water, oxygen for astronauts and hydrogen, i.e. rocket fuel. In addition, the Moon is rich in various useful resources, rare for the Earth metals. Their production can be adjusted in close proximity to the orbital bases. The extraction of metals from the lunar soil and their subsequent delivery to the Earth is still an exorbitantly expensive task, but over time, especially against the background of the depletion of earthly reserves, it may become popular, which will also lead to competition.

The space treaty, which was concluded in 1967 year, proclaimed the natural satellite of the Earth the heritage of all mankind. On the moon, you can stake out a portion of the surface, but this step does not have any legal justification. The installation on the moon of various flags is also perceived only symbolically. Therefore, Vyacheslav Rodin, deputy director of the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, considers the comparison of the Arctic with the Moon not quite correct. In his opinion, the Moon as a storehouse of useful scientific knowledge will need to be mastered by the joint efforts of countries.


In this regard, Russia's experience in conducting long-term space missions may be useful. Rodin explained that at present in Russia work is under way to work out a serious program for the development of our satellite. This program provides for the dispatch to the Moon of two landing and one orbiter. Landing modules will have to land at the South and North Poles. The program is designed to 2023 year. According to a number of specialists, its successful implementation will help Russia regain the shaky leadership in the field of space exploration.

According to the plans announced, the launch of the Russian Luna-Glob landing gear should occur in the 2015 year, the orbital module in the 2016 year. In October, 2013 reported that the landing site of the Russian Luna Resource probe, scheduled to launch on the 2019 year, could in the future become a place to deploy the Russian base on the Moon. In addition, Russia continues to show interest in Mars, participating in the project "ExoMars". This two-mission project is scheduled for implementation in 2016 and 2018.

Information sources:
http://www.ng.ru/economics/2013-12-20/1_space.html
http://vz.ru/society/2013/12/17/664751.html
http://rus.ruvr.ru/2013_12_18/Pridjotsja-li-delit-Lunu-9635
http://russian.rt.com/article/19848
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25 comments
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  1. saag
    saag 25 December 2013 09: 37
    +4
    Give the "Tetrahedron" lunar bar :-) On the moon there are natural caves, former lava tubes, it is better to organize bases there - a constant temperature, a radiation shelter, and there is no need to transport minerals from the Moon to Earth, they must be used there, until the final product
    1. Siberian German
      Siberian German 26 December 2013 03: 41
      0
      it’s interesting, but the question is flying there, we’ll build the fossils, we’ll explore - and who will get them
  2. Ivan Denikin
    Ivan Denikin 25 December 2013 09: 52
    +9
    GUYS, I PROPOSE TO RELAX ON THE FOLLOWING REASON: TODAY, DECEMBER 25, 2013 "The Rokot launch vehicle with the Briz-KM upper stage and three military spacecraft was launched from the Plesetsk cosmodrome."
    It is reported by Interfax with reference to a representative of the press service and information on the armies of the East Kazakhstan region, Colonel Dmitry Zenin.
    THIS IS SO! GIVE SPACE!
    1. alone
      alone 25 December 2013 19: 35
      0
      Actually the slogan "Give Space!" the slogan of the 50s of the 20th century. and today the slogan "Return to Space!" will be more relevant. For 20 years, in space terms, there are too huge losses. We must try to make up for them and develop the space industry to catch up with competitors
    2. white_f
      white_f 26 December 2013 10: 06
      +1
      This is all of course good, but look at today's level of training of schoolchildren and students, even if there is money, soon there will simply be no one to give (
  3. And Us Rat
    And Us Rat 25 December 2013 10: 00
    +5
    The world returns to race in space exploration

    I am glad. good This is better than a race in search of ways to more effectively destroy their own kind.
    1. Igor39
      Igor39 25 December 2013 10: 04
      +4
      At such a pace on the moon, they will start to fight laughing
  4. Nayhas
    Nayhas 25 December 2013 10: 12
    -5
    If there will be an exploration of the Moon, then without the presence of a person there, he is simply not needed there. Only robots!
    Yeah, well, I'm gonna go build my own theme park, with blackjack and hookers. In fact, forget the park!
    1. Loris104
      Loris104 25 December 2013 13: 10
      +5
      "Yeah, well, I'm gonna go" You don't have to be an English monkey!
  5. saag
    saag 25 December 2013 10: 38
    +2
    Quote: Nayhas
    Only robots!

    And the planet Shelezyak will appear :-)
  6. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 25 December 2013 12: 31
    +7
    What a tremendous force of inertia the USSR possessed, for 22 years now it has not been there, the vultures of the 90s, the current "professionals" and "effective managers" have feasted on its legacy, and Russia still rests on the foundation that was laid for another 40 -60 years ago, after all, we practically invented nothing, everything was invented by the "damned communists sitting in the camps at gunpoint of the bloody" KGB "machine guns, but when we became" free like the wind "our brains also" weathered out " then the science of modern "democratic" Russia has not given anything worthwhile, and another couple of years of "effective management" and we "will not be able to go into space."
    1. 7even
      7even 25 December 2013 14: 58
      +1
      after the collapse of the USSR, scientists fled to Europe and the USA .... where they lured with candy ....
  7. 0255
    0255 25 December 2013 12: 43
    +2
    But the aliens, who like made the Americans stop the lunar program in 1971, are Roscosmos not afraid of the Chinese? laughing
    1. Volkhov
      Volkhov 25 December 2013 13: 16
      +1
      Roscosmos is already captured by aliens - Moon 16 brought contaminated soil and now there are all degenerates, you need to go around this office away, they are fighting with bottles.
      The Americans did not sit down correctly - they looked from above and ordered a movie for the electorate ... but they kept their minds.
      1. Standard Oil
        Standard Oil 25 December 2013 13: 45
        +3
        Quote: Volkhov
        Roscosmos is already captured by aliens - Moon 16 brought contaminated soil and now there are all degenerates, you need to go around this office away, they are fighting with bottles.
        The Americans did not sit down correctly - they looked from above and ordered a movie for the electorate ... but they kept their minds.

        Maybe you mean reptilians, although in my opinion they go through financial fraud and attempts to take over the world.
        1. Volkhov
          Volkhov 25 December 2013 14: 10
          +1
          No, it’s a virus that processes brains into kefir - that's why they have a passion for bottles - they drain them publicly in order to secretly pour kefir and infect children's minds that have no immunity.
          Carry out an analysis of the acceptance and rejection of programs after partial implementation - the explicit fermentation of kefir. And how they are storming the sky with Protons without looking at the state of the ionosphere ... not like cautious Americans, who are better off twice canceling a launch than exploding once.
          It’s better to ride a motorcycle there and don’t take off your helmet - at least some protection, if you can’t get around at all.
      2. The comment was deleted.
    2. rolik
      rolik 25 December 2013 16: 31
      +2
      Quote: 0255
      But the aliens, who like made the Americans stop the lunar program in 1971, are Roscosmos not afraid of the Chinese?

      So, after all, the aliens are smart robots, they know who to forbid to land on the moon)))))
      1. 0255
        0255 25 December 2013 22: 00
        +3
        Quote: rolik
        Quote: 0255
        But the aliens, who like made the Americans stop the lunar program in 1971, are Roscosmos not afraid of the Chinese?

        So, after all, the aliens are smart robots, they know who to forbid to land on the moon)))))

        score answer to my joke good
    3. Ustian
      Ustian 25 December 2013 19: 22
      +3
      Quote: 0255
      But the aliens who like made the Americans in 1971 stop the lunar program, is Roscosmos not afraid of the Chinese? laughing

      American astronauts Edgar Mitchell and Alan Shepard on 5 February 1971 year landed on the moon. Having completed the planned landing program, they left the moon. Further complications began when the take-off stage of the Antares lunar module and the Apollo 14 orbital block were docked, the docking was successful only on the sixth attempt. When he met one of our cosmonauts in Moscow, Edgar Mitchell saw a photograph of an old man with a gray beard on his desk. To his question: “Who is this?” - the owner explained that this is our famous healer Porfiry Korneevich Ivanov. “So this is ... HIS we saw on the moon!”
      Porfiry Korneevich Ivanov’s wife does not hide Ivanov’s notebook from journalists. In one of them there is an entry from February 5 of 1971 of the year: “Nature was against the presence of people on the Moon and decided to stop them, but I begged Nature to let them go ...”
      For quite some time I heard somewhere that pendyuki then wanted to charge a charge on the moon ... what
      1. Ustian
        Ustian 25 December 2013 19: 34
        +1
        By the way-
        1. Swim in cold, natural water twice a day to make you feel good. Bathe in anything you can: in a lake, a river, a bath, take a shower or shower. These are your conditions. Warm the bathing cold.
        2. Before bathing or after it, and if possible, and together with it, go out into the nature, stand barefoot on the ground, and in winter in the snow, at least for 1-2 minutes. Breathe in the air several times through the mouth and mentally wish yourself and all people good health.
        3. Do not drink alcohol or smoke.
        4. Try to do without food and water at least once a week from Friday 18-20 hours to Sunday 12 hours. It is your merits and peace. If it’s hard for you, then keep at least a day.
        5. At 12 hours of Sunday afternoon, go barefoot into nature and breathe and think several times, as described above. This is a celebration of your work. After that, you can eat whatever you like.
        6. Love the nature around you. Do not spit around and do not spit anything from yourself. Get used to it - this is your health.
        7. Greetings to everyone everywhere, especially the elderly. If you want to have health, say hello to everyone.
        8. Help people as much as you can, especially the poor, sick, offended, needy. Do it with joy. Respond to his need with soul and heart. You will make a friend in him and help the cause of Peace!
        9. Defeat greed, laziness, complacency, money-grubbing, fear, hypocrisy, pride. Believe people and love them. Do not talk about them unjustly and do not take to the heart of unkind opinions about them.
        10. Free your head from thoughts of illness, malaise, death. This is your victory.
        11. Do not separate thought from action. Read - good. But the most important thing - DO!
        12. Tell and share the experience of this business, but do not boast and do not excel in this. Be humble.
  8. RPD
    RPD 25 December 2013 13: 47
    0
    and how this is consistent with the article about "ignorance"))))
  9. Nickanor
    Nickanor 25 December 2013 14: 56
    +2
    One pleases - Popovkin was given in the ass. Popovkin in Roscosmos = Serdyukov in the army.
    We will not surrender space, we will break through!
    1. rolik
      rolik 25 December 2013 16: 35
      +1
      Quote: Nickanor
      One pleases - Popovkin was given in the ass. Popovkin in Roscosmos = Serdyukov in the army.

      It remains to weigh the main reptiloid of the magic pendal and, together with the iPhone, knock it out of the government. And then in the government, only two people, Shoigu and Lavrov, did not turn kefir into brains. The rest, after meetings, are fighting like bottles)))))))))))
    2. Airman
      Airman 25 December 2013 18: 53
      0
      Quote: Nickanor
      One pleases - Popovkin was given in the ass. Popovkin in Roscosmos = Serdyukov in the army.
      We will not surrender space, we will break through!

      And how are we going to break through if microelectronics lacks about 600 standard types, and each can have a "bookmark" that can "cut down" any device at any moment.
  10. Archikah
    Archikah 25 December 2013 15: 25
    +2
    It is ridiculous to say that we do not produce any materials. No one in the world now produces all the materials himself. It is simply not possible. Space exploration is not a confrontation in strategic nuclear forces or in combat aircraft. There is nothing wrong with purchasing third-party components. Global car manufacturers do not produce everything themselves either. And from various components an excellent technological product is obtained. Here it is necessary to place accents correctly. Those individuals who acquire these materials by buying a Chinese fake are simply profiting from that. The defeat of the gang of Urlichich. This is the same problem. They also produced the obsolete Glonas-M. It is necessary to master the moon and deep space, but do not hysteria. But we must work and develop the industry. Most, like Mr. Urlichich, an effective manager, come only for the purpose of quick profit. Glory to Russia! soldier
  11. polkownik1
    polkownik1 25 December 2013 16: 21
    +3
    The most interesting thing is that there is nothing super complicated in flights to the moon. The misfortune is the lack of an intelligent strong-willed leader like Korolev in the industry and the absolute amorphousness, but rather the unsuitability of the top leadership of our government.
  12. Dovmont
    Dovmont 25 December 2013 16: 39
    +1
    Urlinich on the rack !! Popovkin - to the garrotto! Every second manager of Roscosmos gets a "Guimplen smile". All others will be deprived of their bonuses until our new victories in space !!
  13. Yun Klob
    Yun Klob 25 December 2013 17: 56
    0
    Looking at the current policy in the field of education and the increased imposition of mossy religious views, I would like to say - "What space, what kind of astronomy in schools and a base on the Moon? All the money in the church! Pray and God will reward!" request
  14. voliador
    voliador 25 December 2013 18: 07
    +1
    If the devices cannot be launched normally into orbit, how are they going to send them to the moon? Through the Internet? laughing
  15. Ustian
    Ustian 25 December 2013 19: 01
    +1
    Why are the vents open in the dugout? Doesn’t slip through? request
  16. MY THOUGHT
    MY THOUGHT 25 December 2013 19: 27
    0
    I'M HAPPY!!!! THE BATTLE FOR SPACE IS THE ONLY WAY TO THE PROGRESS OF MANKIND IN GENERAL !!!! the main thing is that this does not outgrow human stupidity in war, or unhealthy competition)
  17. valokordin
    valokordin 25 December 2013 20: 47
    0
    Analyzing various comments and the article itself, even not being a member of our space society, I come to the conclusion that spies and pests are secretly working against the country. The same Koptev, who in words cares for our space, and he himself, as it were censorship to say, drowned the "MIR" to please the Americans. And sabotage with Proton, allegedly confused angular velocity sensors, complete nonsense, this could not be in principle, if not on purpose. For work in the space industry to go well, we need Lavrenty Pavlovich, Shelepin, Yuri Vladimirovich and tough responsibility for failures, for sabotage, for services to competitors.
  18. Justme
    Justme 25 December 2013 20: 55
    +5
    When I came to the space industry in 1983 (OKB Fakel) even then I felt numbness
    I remember - everyone who came had a feeling of shock - you look around - people around are running around with some pieces of paper, what they are doing is completely incomprehensible ...
    And I, for example, have 6 years of Baumanka behind me, where the guys usually didn’t fool around ..
    And what I remember most from that work was not the Chief Costructor or one of the specialists, but Alexandra Grigoryevna - the chief normative controller. She was mediocre as a designer, but she knew a million of GOSTs, OSTs and other normative nonsense ..

    By the way, everyone knows the role of Gorbachev in the history of our country. Everything is clear here. We will not discuss ..
    But never in this forum have I seen a discussion about the role of authors of various normative documents .. Indeed, in CD, arrows on dimension lines can be such ... such ... third .. Documentation can be built today by suffixes, and tomorrow by prefixes ..
    Frequent change - which of them are correct - and this changed once every 1.5 - 3 years, created demoralization and leapfrog. And the question arises - was it not done specifically .. (here you can give examples from personal practice - when you can talk about actual wrecking)

    This is relevant to the present (although to a slightly lesser extent)
    A year ago, I was doing documentation for DHS-25 (NIIFI). There I wrote a phrase
    * - element that can be configured
    THIS IS NOT CORRECT, as the norm controllers told me - in GOST there is no such phrase .. There is another phrase that is allowed ..

    And now in this space office (NIIFI) with a budget of 2-3 billion rubles there is no longer one person who can count a three-stage amplifier with a specific input impedance and a balanced frequency and dynamic range (DXS-25 - a small but elegant design, on I spent 1200 rubles creating it from my pocket, it was interesting to see the joy in the eyes of others - when I made a test copy and tested it - as it turned out they were waiting for something like this for 15-20 years)

    But if we talk about today's problems, the question arises - the space industry achieved space results when it had a technocratic leadership. Here is someone who, for example, at the NIIFI is the chief in science - is a thief from the local nobility. And this depreciates all the efforts below ..
    What space achievements can be expected if in the leadership no one solves a simple task from 3-4 years of university.

    I liked the picture on the forum of programmers
    1. Volkhov
      Volkhov 26 December 2013 02: 59
      +1
      Similarly, the norm control slowed down by 2 ... 3 times, there were still notifications of changes - any trifle required the collection of signatures and went through all instances in about six months.
      This will pass together with the country - it is impossible to convince, and now there are more bureaucracies.
      1. Simonov
        Simonov 27 December 2013 15: 52
        0
        Nothing of the kind - it was enough in each working group to have its own standard controller. It may be wasteful, but it accelerates the implementation. Designers work only with sketches and calculations and quickly get a ready-made prototype in their hands.
        1. Justme
          Justme 27 December 2013 20: 33
          +1
          Theoretically, yes
          This is possible provided that you are given freedom of action ..
          And even more - the most competent specialist should (!) Put emphasis in this matter and say - do we need this GOST, or - and I want to have a modification of what GOST indicates. For example, I have been doing mass development on a computer for about 20 years - and I can say - the straightforward implementation of our GOSTs is not good.
          My other point of view is that technical documentation should be written in human language. People should be treated like a human being, and not forced to read unreadable tyagomotin and continue to fulfill it.

          The problem is that we, the lower level specialists in the space industry, have no rights.
          And for those who are higher - they usually have no qualifications or understanding (this is where I worked - I am responsible for these words)
        2. Justme
          Justme 29 December 2013 12: 12
          0
          Here you can add
          We did the documentation mock development - I went over the technologists, then ran in the manufacturing process - but in fact - no significant documentation issues.
          At the next stage - the same documentation but through norm control
          - Well, why do you have this surface roughness on the drawing! According to GOST, this is not supposed to be!
          - Because high accuracy is not needed, the calculation was done according to the Bauman MVTU methods, and in general, everything is tailored for CNC processing

          -No! It is not right!

          The most interesting thing is that this woman claimed that she should put her signature on the CD after the Chief Designer. If you don’t, you need to redo everything and collect signatures again
          I'm really trudging!
  19. valokordin
    valokordin 26 December 2013 01: 24
    +1
    Quote: JustMe

    Justme




    When I came to the space industry in 1983 (OKB Fakel), I felt numbness even then. I remember that everyone who came had a feeling of shock - you look around - people around are running around with some pieces of paper, what they are doing is completely unclear ...

    The lieutenant gave your comment a plus. You identified the problem very correctly. Indeed, only enemies of the people made their way to the leadership of the industry. Alyoshin alone is worth something, he is a motorist, he is both an engine operator and an astronomer. Well, just Lomonosov, but in fact a pest, but he is in an oligarchic clip, so everyone else, well, the administrator does not want to skip a completely censored word
  20. Bezyana God
    Bezyana God 27 December 2013 02: 42
    0
    ____ Returning to the race? And Oleg Ostapenko, the new head of Roscosmos, seems to be going to abandon the Angara. Although the KSLV-1 joint with Korea has already flown into space - three times! - 80% copy of URM-1 (universal missile unit). It is under the brand name that it will not make it to the moon that it is going to abandon a whole line of ships, from light 2 tons for LEO to super heavy ones for 35 and 50 tons.