Military Review

New Chinese ships and territorial disputes

17
At the end of November, a new round of the territorial dispute between China and Japan about the ownership of the Senkaku Islands (Diaoyudao) began. Several small land areas in the East China Sea have been the subject of controversy since the early nineties. Official Beijing considers the Diaoyu Islands to be their ancestral territories, while Tokyo appeals to the results of the 19th century expeditions and the agreement with the United States (according to the latter, Japan received this archipelago and Okinawa island). China and Japan regularly exchange unfriendly statements, on the basis of which there are often speculations about the possible start of a war. For two decades of the dispute, there has not been a single armed conflict, but the possibility of such a development cannot be completely ruled out.


The location of the Senkaku Islands (Diaoyu) suggests that the first naval forces of the two states can join the battle. In the case of China, this particular branch of the military is the most dynamically developing. In recent years, Chinese shipbuilders have developed, built and transferred several dozen ships and submarines of various types to the naval forces. In the future, China will continue to re-equip the Navy, which will increase their combat capability. Since a hypothetical conflict can only begin in the future, the Navy of the People’s Liberation Army of China will have time to receive several new ships by this time.

The capabilities of the Chinese industry are clearly shown by the Type 056 corvettes construction program. In 2011, work began on the installation of the first ship of this type, and by now the eighth corvette has been accepted into the Navy. The construction of the remaining 12 ships continues, 10 of which are already launched. Upon completion of the construction of the ships of the first series, the Chinese shipyards will begin the next order. Navy PLA intend to receive fifty corvettes "Type 056". If the current pace of construction is maintained, the 50 ship will begin service until the end of the current decade.


Corvette Type 056


It is necessary to recognize that one of the reasons for such rapid construction of Type 056 corvettes is their small size and comparative simplicity of design. The total displacement of these corvettes does not exceed 1440 tons. The length of the hull is 89 meters, the maximum width is 11,6 m. The corvettes "Type 056" are equipped with two diesel engines of an unnamed brand. Some assumptions about their power can be made on the basis of information about the ship’s propulsion characteristics. The maximum speed of the new corvettes is declared at the level of 28 nodes. Cruising speed at cruising speed 18 knots reaches 3500 nautical miles. Corvette crew consists of 60 people.

Type 056 corvettes carry powerful enough for their size weapons. To fight the ships of the enemy, they are equipped with two launchers, which are placed on two anti-ship missiles YJ-83. it weapon allows the ship to destroy targets at a distance of 300 kilometers. As the anti-submarine armament of the corvette can use two built-in torpedo tubes. The protection of a ship or a naval compound against air attacks is carried out using rocket and artillery systems. At distances up to 9 kilometers protection of the ship rests on the anti-aircraft missile system FL-3000N. At close range, Type 056 corvettes can attack an air target using X / NUMX-mm H / PJ-30 anti-aircraft guns. Finally, the H / PJ-17 artillery mount with a 26 mm caliber gun, which is a revised version of the AK / 76 Soviet / Russian system, can be used for firing at air, surface or coastal targets. If necessary, the corvette "Type 176" can carry and anti-submarine helicopter and ensure its combat work.


Corvettes Type 056


The main task of Type 056 corvettes is to patrol territorial waters and exclusive economic zones at a relatively small distance from the coast. Thus, in the event of a further aggravation of relations with Japan, two corvettes of a new project, serving as part of Fleet East Sea. In the foreseeable future, the number of such ships in the composition of this association will increase. Despite its small size and limited capabilities, Type 056 corvettes, if necessary, can represent the interests of China in some areas of the East Asian region.

In 2014, the Chinese shipbuilding industry intends to hand over to the customer in the face of the PLA Navy the lead destroyer of the Type 052D project. This project is a further development of the 052 Type destroyer family, which already has several modifications. According to reports, within a few years the Chinese naval forces will receive at least ten such ships.

The 052D project ships will have a full displacement of 7500 tons with a total length of 155 meters, a width of 18 m and a draft of 6,5 m. It consists of two QC-30 gas turbine engines with 280 power, thousand hp. and two MTU 37,5V 12TB1163 diesels capable of providing total power over 83 thousand hp The crew of the Type 13D destroyers, like the ships of previous modifications of this project, will consist of 052 people.


Type 052D DDG


When developing projects of the "Type 052" family, Chinese designers took into account foreign experience. For this reason, ships are equipped with two vertical launchers (TLU), each of which has 32 missile cells. Depending on the tasks performed, the ship can be armed with various numbers of anti-aircraft, anti-ship or anti-submarine missiles. So far, only the possibility of using the HQ-9 anti-aircraft missiles is known, while official information about usable anti-ship or anti-submarine ammunition is not available. It cannot be excluded that the Chinese defense industry is already working on this issue and the lead destroyer Type 052D will receive an expanded nomenclature of armaments.

The use of an updated vertical launcher with more features has caused the project "Type 052D" to get the original nickname: "Arleigh Burke in Chinese." Indeed, the presence of TLUs with the possibility of using various types of missiles makes the Type 052D destroyers look like American ships of the Arleigh Burke project. According to reports, this similarity should increase. The fact is that, in addition to TLU, new Chinese ships will receive a Type 517M radar with an active phased antenna array and an updated combat information and control system. Equipping Chinese ships with such equipment will greatly enhance their combat potential and make them even more like the destroyers of the American naval forces.

When using HQ-9 missiles, the Type 052D destroyer is capable of destroying targets at a distance of up to 200 kilometers. At short distances, air defense should be carried out using the FL-3000N complex. Destruction of air targets at a distance of several kilometers can be done using two anti-aircraft guns H / PJ-12. To attack enemy submarines, ships are equipped with two built-in torpedo tubes. Exact information about the anti-ship armament of destroyers "Type 052D" is missing. According to various sources, these ships will be able to use the weapons of the existing types, and also the creation of a new anti-ship missile is not excluded.


Type 052D DDG


Destroyers Type 052D able to work away from the coast, performing various tasks related to the search and destruction of various targets. Thus, their combat capabilities can be useful in the event of the beginning of an armed confrontation over the possession of the disputed islands. The lack of accurate information about the anti-ship armament of new Chinese destroyers does not allow for a full assessment of their potential, but we should not forget that the PLA Navy has several dozen 052 Type ships of previous modifications.

As we see, China continues to develop its naval forces and builds new ships with quite high characteristics. You also need to take into account the large number of ships and submarines of various classes and types already serving in the Chinese military fleet. Even on the basis of the available information, it is possible to make some assumptions about the course of a possible war for the Senkaku Islands. China has a fairly powerful navy, the capabilities of which allow you to fight with ships of almost any country in East Asia. It is necessary to take into account that not only the PLA Navy will participate in a hypothetical conflict, but also air forces that are also actively developing. Thus, an armed clash near the disputed territories could result in serious losses in personnel and equipment for both China and its opponents. Naturally, only the open naval battle can show the real capabilities of the naval forces of China and Japan, but it is better to limit ourselves to assumptions and not bring the matter to war.


On the materials of the sites:
http://sinodefence.com/
http://navyrecognition.com/
http://naval-technology.com/
http://china.org.cn/
http://china-defense.blogspot.com/
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  1. Nayhas
    Nayhas 25 December 2013 09: 48
    +6
    The Chinese Navy has one "Achilles' heel", this is the PLO. They are opposed by submarines of Japan (6 Soryu type 2 are under construction, 11 Oyashio type), the Republic of Korea (9 type 209/1200, 9 type 214 ordered) and partly Vietnam (6 Project 636 ordered), and these are some of the best diesel-electric submarines and submarines in the world.
    1. And Us Rat
      And Us Rat 25 December 2013 10: 04
      +3
      Quote: Nayhas
      The Chinese Navy has one "Achilles' heel", this is PLO ...

      Yeah what but another factor seems to me more significant. In wartime, the PLA theoretically (without taking into account restrictions on material support) can be mobilized up to 400 000 000 human.
      1. Nayhas
        Nayhas 25 December 2013 10: 19
        +3
        Quote: And Us Rat
        In wartime, in the PLA theoretically (without taking into account restrictions on material support), up to 400 million people can be mobilized.

        ... and swim to the disputed islands? I do not argue that they are developing the fleet, they simply do not have any special advancements on the issue of anti-submarine defense.
        1. And Us Rat
          And Us Rat 25 December 2013 11: 40
          +1
          Quote: Nayhas

          ... and swim to the disputed islands? I do not argue that they are developing the fleet, they simply do not have any special advancements on the issue of anti-submarine defense ...

          Or it just does not advertise, such an option cannot be discarded from the account.
          - new Chinese anti-submarine aircraft
      2. Arberes
        Arberes 25 December 2013 10: 21
        +3
        Quote: And Us Rat
        but another factor seems to me more significant. In wartime, in the PLA theoretically (without taking into account restrictions on material support), up to 400 million people can be mobilized.

        If the military conflict between China and Japan does not move to land, then this mass of the Chinese people will not do weather! The collision of the two fleets is likely to be won by the one that is more modern and more technologically advanced with excellent crew training and advanced reconnaissance and target designation!
      3. cosmos111
        cosmos111 25 December 2013 10: 48
        +3
        Quote: And Us Rat
        mobilized up to 400 million people.

        So what. For Japan is the entire military-political potential of the United States and NATO.
        And for the fleets and armaments, China is far behind.
        And the samurai themselves can still kick the ass of the Chinese alone.
      4. Panikovsky
        Panikovsky 25 December 2013 11: 34
        0
        Yeah what but another factor seems to me more significant. In wartime, the PLA theoretically (without taking into account restrictions on material support) can be mobilized up to 400 000 000 person. [/ quote]
        without mat. security and gratuitously, or even as in the army of 400 million, a famine will occur.
      5. smprofi
        smprofi 25 December 2013 15: 40
        +3
        Quote: And Us Rat
        In wartime, in the PLA theoretically (without taking into account restrictions on material support), up to 400 million people can be mobilized.

        Well, there is NO need to tell fairy tales. If my memory serves me, then the mobilization plan of the 80s was supposed to call 80 million into the militia (not like 400!). and, at that time, only half could be armed with small arms. the rest were supposed to be armed with battle scythes (and no need to laugh!). everything else, in those days a magazine for 10 (ten) rounds was developed for its AKMs. Cannon fodder does not need cartridges: an infantry regiment, 1800 active bayonets, according to the "wave" tactics, was supposed to advance on 100 m of the front (18 chains of 100 men each).
        a standard Soviet infantry platoon (25 men) should defend 200-250 m of the front. those. they should have accounted for about 3600 Hunhus. standard BK at the platoon end-to-end to tumble down this locust ...

        however, much has changed since then. and the Hunhuz have enough equipment not to overwhelm a mountain of corpses
    2. indiggo
      indiggo 25 December 2013 11: 59
      0
      Not only. they don’t have any experience in the introduction of military operations, equipment by technology and experience is priceless
      1. alone
        alone 25 December 2013 19: 32
        +1
        In recent years, Chinese shipbuilders have developed, built, and handed over to the naval forces several dozen ships and submarines of various types. In the future, China will continue to re-equip the Navy, which will increase their combat effectiveness. Since a hypothetical conflict can only begin in the future, the Navy of the People’s Liberation Army of China will have time to get several new ships.


        As you can see, the Chinese leadership has set itself the goal of strengthening the fleet and is successfully operating in this direction. Believe me, if they are given another 10 years to do this, the Chinese fleet can be compared with the US Navy
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. yehat
          yehat 27 December 2013 13: 46
          0
          will not work. read the book of Tirpitz and you will understand that the newly-built fleet must swim for 10-15 years and only then experience will appear in order to catch up with the fleet of the emerging sea power.
          God bless the Chinese in 10 years only with the Japanese.
  2. Igor39
    Igor39 25 December 2013 10: 13
    +2
    If in the 40s the Japs of the Chinese were bent on cruel, now even with allies they prefer to speak modestly, a tendency however!
  3. svp67
    svp67 25 December 2013 10: 41
    +3
    If China now defends these islands, after 5 years a big war can be expected ...
  4. saag
    saag 25 December 2013 10: 46
    +1
    The first "present" will be received by the Chinese aircraft carrier, from project 214 :-) or Soryu
  5. svskor80
    svskor80 25 December 2013 10: 55
    +3
    In 2011, work began on the installation of the first ship of this type, and by now the eighth corvette has been accepted into the Navy

    Do the crews also cook fast too? Or they are going to take the number, not skill.
    1. Russian sniper
      Russian sniper 25 December 2013 12: 08
      +1
      It is interesting by the way to compare the characteristics of corvettes 20380 of the Russian Navy and 056 of the Chinese Navy. hi

      Corvette 056
      CHARACTERISTICS

      Displacement:
      - standard 1300 t
      - total 1440 t
      89 length - 95,5 m
      Width 11,6 m
      Precipitation 4,4 m
      The main power plant type GODAD, two diesel engines, twin-shaft.
      Maximum speed 28 - 30 knots.
      Cruising range: 2000 miles at 18 knots
      Crew 60 people.

      ARMAMENT:

      Missile strike: 2x2 launchers PKR S-803 (YJ-83)
      Air defense systems: 1x8 short-range anti-aircraft missile launcher FL-3000N (analogue of the American RAM SAM) with TY-90 SAM (ammunition - 24 SAM)
      Torpedo: 2x3 324 mm ET-52C type TA (aft, under helipad)
      Artillery:
      1x76 mm AU AK-176
      2x1 30 mm gun mounts
      Aviation:
      - 1 Z-9 helicopter (licensed Aerospatiale AS365 Panther),
      - a platform for a helicopter (no hangar)
      Radio weapons:
      - Radar detection of air and surface targets SR64
      - radar control gun mount TR47
      - GAS



      Project 20380 Series Corvette
      Characteristics

      Length - 104,5 m;
      Width - 13 m;
      Draught - 3,7 m;
      Displacement - 2220 tons;
      Power plant - diesel type "16D49";
      Power - 23320 l. with.;
      Speed ​​- 27 knots;
      Cruising range - 4000 miles;
      Autonomy - 15 days;
      Crew - 99 man;
      Armament:
      Anti-ship missile system - 2x4 Uran missile launchers (8 Kh-35 anti-ship missiles);
      Anti-aircraft missile system 4 × 8 SAM Redut (32 SAM 9M96M, 9M96E or 9M100);
      Anti-aircraft artillery mount AK-630M 30 mm - 2;
      Automatic artillery mount A-190 100 mm - 1;
      Torpedo tubes 324 mm - 2; 2 × 4 330 mm TA “Package-NK” (8 torpedoes)
      Helicopter KA-27PL - 1;
      BIUS "Sigma-20830"
      SUO 5P-10-02 "Puma"
      REP systems: 4 × 10 122 mm PU PK-10 “Bold”
      EW tools: TK-25-2
      Furke-2 general detection radar
      Target design radar URO "Monument-A"
      Radar 2 × MR-231
      NRLS 1 × "Pal-N"
      Intra-keel GAS "Dawn-2"
      Towed GAS "Minotaur-M"
      Omitted GAS "Anapa-M"
      Satellite Navigation System CH-3101

  6. patsantre
    patsantre 25 December 2013 11: 56
    +1
    For author's information, there is no AFAR on Arly Berks.
  7. 1c-inform-city
    1c-inform-city 25 December 2013 12: 40
    +1
    If China nevertheless buys Cupids and rivet them pieces 20-30. Japan will be sad. I wonder what Cupid they put their eyes on 1650 or 950.
  8. Vovavvs
    Vovavvs 25 December 2013 14: 35
    +1
    Judging by the situation of the islands, submarines and heavy ships will not greatly affect the situation ...
  9. Alexey Prikazchikov
    Alexey Prikazchikov 25 December 2013 15: 21
    0
    Did Arly Burke remind me of one ship on 3 pics?
  10. smprofi
    smprofi 25 December 2013 15: 57
    +2
    corvettes / destroyers - this is all wonderful!
    I wrote on landing ships:
    http://topwar.ru/36462-kitay-prodolzhaet-stroitelstvo-korvetov-tip-056.html#comm

    ent-id-1715314
    only now the hunhuz announced that by 2020 they will build an aircraft carrier with a displacement of 110 (the gringos do not have such) with a nuclear power plant. By the way, the project is based on a Soviet project.
    http://news.yahoo.com/china-developing-11-0000-ton-39-super-aircraft-092729535.h

    tml
    Yes, just recently, in November 2013, it was again announced that by 2020 several landing helicopter carriers would be built (from 40,000 to 45,000 standard displacement, tentatively for delivering 1000 marines with equipment, with a range of 7000-8000 km)
    http://domestic.kankanews.com/focus/2012-11-22/1862385.shtml
    assumed type of helicopter carriers:




    and for landing a technician, the Hunhuz already have:

  11. silver_roman
    silver_roman 25 December 2013 16: 25
    +2
    new ships with fairly high specifications

    TTX is one thing on paper, but quite another in practice. How many videos I saw with the launches of their counterpart S-300 ... lol
    It reminds me of all their shipbuilding with the creation of a 5th generation fighter: they created a glider with angular surfaces and already an application for the 5th generation. Their concept is simple: toss meat. All their technologies are copied. I certainly do not say that this is bad, because at the time, and the Soviet Union copied. just annoying that they copy and rip off without a license.
  12. chunga-changa
    chunga-changa 25 December 2013 17: 22
    +2
    For Japan, a defeat at sea is a disaster. If WWII lessons went to good use, then the war will end immediately, because the superiority of the enemy at sea means blockade, famine, destruction of the economy. For China, a defeat at sea is nothing more than an unpleasant episode, an occasion to change planning or tactics. A draw means that victory will be over the continent, just shifting to the right. Only a convincing and complete defeat of the Chinese Navy will save Japan. Will she and her allies have enough strength and determination for this? Because Japan in this case will avoid a clash with the ground forces of China, and what fate awaits South Korea in the event of a conflict. It is understandable provided that the Chinese nuclear weapons will connect America to use their own.
  13. Crang
    Crang 25 December 2013 22: 18
    0
    I would like the Chinese to kick their ass to these impudent samurai.
  14. kurare77
    kurare77 26 December 2013 00: 11
    +2
    Quote: silver_roman
    TTX is one thing on paper, but quite another in practice. How many videos I saw with the launches of their counterpart S-300 ... lol

    The Chinese are learning very fast. Do not underestimate them. In addition, the Turks are going to buy an analogue of the S-300. And I can’t believe something that this system does not work at all.

    When they showed the neatly painted former Varyag, everyone said that they had no finishers, no one would sell them to them, and they would not make it themselves soon. And what happened? Liaoning at sea, planes land and take off on it. They have little experience. But here, only time and exercises will help.
  15. No Name
    No Name 26 December 2013 01: 06
    0
    I wonder if the Chinese ripped off the YJ-83 from the "Club" or is it an independent development?
  16. Russian sniper
    Russian sniper 26 December 2013 11: 29
    0
    Features:
    Weight: 715 kg
    555 kg (air based)
    Warhead weight: 165 kg
    Length: 6,39 m
    5.3 m (air based)
    Range:
    160 km (250 km in the air-based version)
    Subsonic in the main flight section
    1,3M at ~ 30 km from the target
    1,7M at ~ 20 km from the target
    2M at ~ 8 km and closer to the target
    Flight march: 10-30 m
    at the target - 5 m.

    The Chinese missile is far from our missiles. soldier
  17. xomaNN
    xomaNN 26 December 2013 18: 20
    +2
    Now, for the next decade, the "tug of war" in the military shipbuilding of Japan and China is guaranteed!