Military Review

"Wild division". Highlanders on the fronts of the First World War and in the revolutionary events of 1917

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"Wild division". Highlanders on the fronts of the First World War and in the revolutionary events of 1917Caucasian native horse division, better known in stories how the “Wild” division was formed on the basis of the highest 23 decree of August 1914 in the North Caucasus and was staffed by highland volunteers. The division included six regiments of four hundred members: Kabardian, 2-th Dagestan, Chechen, Tatar (from Azerbaijanis), Circassian and Ingush.


But first - a little background. The extensive involvement of the indigenous population of the North Caucasus in the Russian military service, primarily in the militia, began in 1820 - 1830-gg. XIX century, in the midst of the Caucasian war, when its specific protracted, partisan character was defined and the tsarist government set itself the task: on the one hand, “to have all these peoples in their dependence and make them useful to the state”, ie to promote the political and cultural integration of the mountaineers into Russian society, and on the other, to save on the maintenance of regular units from Russia. The mountaineers from among the “hunters” (ie, volunteers) were recruited into the permanent militia (in fact, the combat units contained in the barracks position) and temporary — for offensive military actions in detachments with regular troops or for defense of the region in case of danger from hostile nations ". The temporary militia was used exclusively in the theater of the Caucasian War.

However, up to 1917, the tsarist government did not dare to enlist highlanders in military service en masse, on the basis of compulsory military service. This was replaced by a cash tax, which from generation to generation began to be perceived by the local population as a kind of privilege. Before the start of the large-scale World War I, the Russian army completely managed without the highlanders. The only attempt to mobilize among the mountaineers of the North Caucasus in 1915, in the midst of a bloody war, ended barely beginning: rumors of an upcoming event alone caused a great fermentation in the mountain environment and forced to postpone this idea. Tens of thousands of highlanders of military service age remained outside the unfolding world confrontation.

However, the mountaineers, who wanted to voluntarily join the ranks of the Russian army, were enrolled in the Caucasian native equestrian division established at the very beginning of the First World War, better known in history as Dikaya.

The native division was headed by the brother of the emperor, Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovich, although he was in political disgrace, but very popular, both among the people and among the aristocracy. Therefore, service in the ranks of the division immediately became attractive to representatives of the highest Russian nobility, who occupied most of the command posts in the division. There were Georgian Bagration, Chavchavadze, Dadiani, Orbeliani, Mountain sultans: Bekovich-Cherkassky Hagandokov, khans of Erivan, khans Shamkhalov-Tarkovsky, Polish Prince Radziwill, the representatives of the old Russian names of princes Gagarin, Svyatopolk-Mirsky, Keller graphs, Vorontsov-Dashkov , Tolstoy, Lodyzhensky, Polovtsev, Staroselsky; Princes Napoleon-Murat, Albrecht, Baron Wrangel, Persian Prince Fazula Mirza Qajar and others.

Features of the formation of the compound and the mentality of its personnel had a significant impact on disciplinary practice in the units and the moral and psychological state of the riders (this is the name of the ordinary fighters of the division).

In the national shelves a hierarchical structure was maintained, similar to the structure of a large late-summer family, typical of all mountain peoples. Many horsemen were close or distant relatives. According to the testimony of a young officer of the Ingush regiment, A.P. Markov, representatives of the Ingush family Malsagovs in this regiment were "so numerous that when forming a regiment in the Caucasus, there was even a project to create a separate hundred out of the representatives of this surname". Often in the shelves it was possible to meet representatives of several generations of the same family. There is a case when a twelve-year-old teenager Abubakar Dzhurgayev went to war with his father in 1914.

In general, the number of people willing to serve in the division always exceeded the regular capabilities of the regiments. Undoubtedly, the kinship of many riders contributed to the strengthening of discipline in the regiment. Some sometimes “absented” in the Caucasus, but with the obligatory replacement of themselves with a brother, nephew, and so on.

The internal routine in the division was significantly different from that of the personnel units of the Russian army, and traditional relations were maintained for mountain societies. There was no appeal to "you", the officers were not honored for the masters, they had to earn the respect of the riders by their courage on the battlefield. Honor was given only to officers of his regiment, more rarely - divisions, because of which “stories” often happened.

From December 1914, the division was on the South-Western Front and worked well in battles against the Austro-Hungarian army, which was regularly reported in the orders of the higher authorities. Already in the first, the December battles, the 2 brigade of the division, consisting of the Tatar and Chechen regiments, distinguished itself, counterattacking enemy units in the area of ​​the village Verkhovyna Bystra and the heights of 1251. A team of bad roads and deep snow bypassed the Austrians from the rear and delivered a crushing blow to the enemy, taking prisoners 9 and officers and 458. For the skillful command of Colonel K.N. Khagandokov was presented to the rank of Major General, and many horsemen received their first military awards - the “soldier” George crosses.

Soon one of the main heroes of this battle, the commander of the Chechen regiment, colonel Prince A.S. Svyatopolk-Mirsky. He fell in battle 15 February 1915, when he personally supervised the actions of his regiment in battle and received three wounds, two of which were fatal.

One of the most successful battles of their divisions conducted 10 September 1915. On this day, hundreds of Kabardian and 2 Kabardian regiments secretly concentrated near the village of Kulchitsy in order to promote the attack of the neighboring infantry regiment in the direction of height 392, Michal-field folvark and the village of Petlikovice Nova on the left bank of the River Strypi. Although the task of the cavalry was only reconnaissance of the positions of the enemy, the commander of the Kabardian regiment Prince F.N. Bekovich-Cherkassky took the initiative and, taking advantage of a convenient opportunity, dealt a crushing blow to the main positions of the 9 and 10 gonvendny regiments near the village of Zarvynitsa, taking prisoner 17 officers, 276 Magyar soldiers, 3 machine guns, 4 phones. At the same time, he had only 196 riders of Kabardians and Dagestanis and lost in battle two officers, 16 riders and 48 horses killed and wounded. Note that valor and heroism in this battle was shown by the mullah of the Kabardian regiment Alikhan Shogenov, who, as stated in the award list, “in the battle of 10 in September of 1915 near der. Under the strongest machine-gun and rifle fire, the parade accompanied the advancing units of the regiment, influenced by the presence and speeches of the riders, the Mohammedans, who displayed extraordinary courage in this battle and captured 300 Hungarian infantrymen.

The “Wild Division” also took part in the famous Brusilovsky breakthrough in the summer of 1916, however, it failed to seriously distinguish itself there. The reason for this was the general command of the 9 Army to use cavalry as an army reserve, and not as an echelon of development success, as a result of which all army cavalry was scattered across the front and had no significant effect on the course of the fighting. Nevertheless, in a whole series of battles, the mountain riders of the division managed to distinguish themselves. For example, even before the start of the general offensive, they contributed to forcing the Dniester river that divided the opposing sides. On the night of 30 in May, 1916 of the Esaul Chechen Regiment, Prince Dadiani, with fifty 4s of the hundreds, crossed the river near the village of Ivaniye under enemy’s fierce rifle and machine gun fire, captured the bridgehead. This made it possible to cross to the right bank of the Dniester Chechen, Circassian, Ingush, Tatar regiments, as well as the Zaamursky regiment of the 1-th horse division.

The feat of the Chechens, the first of the Russian troops who crossed the right bank of the Dniester, did not pass by the highest attention: Emperor Nicholas II awarded all 60 Chechen horsemen who had participated in the crossing with St. George's crosses of different degrees.

As can be seen, swift cavalry throws often brought considerable prey in the form of captives to the riders of the Nat division. It must be said that the Highlanders often dealt with captive Austrians in a savage manner - they cut off their heads. The report of the division chief of staff in October 1916 reported: “Few enemies were captured, but many were hacked to death.” Yugoslav leader Marshall Josip Broz Tito, who was lucky - in 1915, being a soldier of the Austro-Hungarian army, was hacked by the Circassians, but was captured: We steadfastly repelled the attacks of the infantry that were attacking us on all fronts, he recalled, but suddenly the right flank shook and the cavalry of Circassians, natives of the Asian part of Russia, poured into the resulting gap. We didn’t have time to come to our senses, as they swept through our positions in a whirlwind, dismounted and rushed into our trenches with peaks at the ready. One Circassian with a two-meter peak swooped in on me, but I had a rifle with a bayonet, besides, I was a good swordsman and beat off his attack. But, reflecting the attack of the first Circassian, he suddenly felt a terrible blow in the back. I turned around and saw the distorted face of another Circassian and huge black eyes under thick eyebrows. ” This Circassian drove the future marshal to the peak under the left shoulder blade.

Among the riders, robbery was commonplace, both as regards prisoners and as a result of the local population, which they also considered to be a conquered enemy. Due to the national-historical features, robbery during the war was considered among the horsemen as military valor, and peaceful Galician peasants very often became its victims. The horsemen who hid at the time of the appearance of the regiments of local residents, “accompanied off with fixed and inhospitable glances, as the prey ebbing away from them”. The division commander continuously received complaints "of violence perpetrated by the lower ranks of the division." At the end of 1915, a search in the Jewish town of Ulashkivitsy resulted in mass pogroms, looting and rape of the local population.

In fairness, it must be said that, to the extent possible, strict discipline was maintained in the shelves. The most severe punishment for the riders was the exclusion from the regiment lists "for incorrigibly bad behavior" and "inserting" the guilty at their place of residence. In their native villages, their shameful expulsion from the regiment was announced. At the same time, the forms of punishment used in the Russian army turned out to be completely unacceptable for the riders. There is, for example, the case when one Tatar (Azerbaijani) rider shot himself immediately after an attempt at his public flogging, even though the flogging was canceled.

The medieval, in fact, manner of warfare by the highlanders contributed to the formation of a very peculiar, as they would say, divisional image. A stereotype has even formed in the minds of the local population, according to which any robber and rapist was designated by the term “Circassian”, although the Cossacks wore Caucasian uniforms.

Overcoming this prejudice to the officers of the division was very difficult, on the contrary, the fame of an unusually wild, cruel and brave army was cultivated in every way and spread by journalists.

Materials about the native division were often appearing on the pages of various illustrated literary publications - “Niva”, “Chronicle of War”, “New Time”, “War” and many others. Journalists in every way emphasized the exotic look of her warriors, described the horror that inspired the Caucasian horsemen to the enemy - the mixed and ill-motivated Austrian army.

Fighting comrades, who fought shoulder to shoulder with the mountain riders, kept the most vivid impressions of them. As the newspaper Terskie Vedomosti noted in February 1916, the riders hit everybody who first encounters them. “Their peculiar views on the war, their legendary courage, reaching purely legendary limits, and the whole flavor of this peculiar military unit consisting of representatives of all the peoples of the Caucasus, can never be forgotten.”

During the war years, about 7000 Highlanders passed through the ranks of the “Wild” division. It is known that by March 1916, the division had lost an officer, 23 riders and lower ranks who had been killed and died from 260 injuries. Wounded were 144 officer and 1438 riders. Many horsemen could be proud of not one St. George award. It is curious to note that for foreigners in the Russian Empire a cross was provided with the image of not St. George - the defender of Christians, but with the state emblem. The riders were very indignant at the fact that they were being handed the “bird” instead of the “horseman” and, in the end, achieved their goal.

And soon the “Wild Division” had its own role in the great Russian drama - the revolutionary events of 1917.

After the 1916 summer offensive, the division was occupied with positional battles and reconnaissance, and since January, 1917 has been on a quiet sector of the front and has not participated in combat operations. Soon she was taken to rest and the war ended for her.

Inspection materials of the regiments in February 1917 showed that the compound had come to rest in perfect order, representing a strong combat unit. During this period, the division command (chief N.I. Bagratiton, chief of staff P.A. Polovtsev) even hatched plans for deploying the division to the Nat Corps, bearing in mind the addition of other Muslim cavalry units in the Russian army - 1 of Dagestan, Ossetian , Crimean Tatar and Turkmen regiments. Bagration and Polovtsev went to the Headquarters with this proposal, arguing that "the highlanders had such wonderful combat material" and even inclined the emperor to this decision, but did not find support from the General Staff.

The feast of the February revolution riders "Wild" division greeted with confusion. After Nicholas II, the recent chief of the division, Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovich, abdicated the throne.

According to the observations of contemporaries, “the riders, with the wisdom of the mountaineers of the Caucasus, treated all the“ achievements of the revolution ”with sullen distrust.”

“The regimental and hundreds of commanders tried in vain to explain to their“ natives ”what had happened ...“ The natives ”did not understand much and, above all, did not understand how it could be“ without a king ”. The words "Provisional Government" did not say anything to these dashing riders from the Caucasus and decidedly did not awaken any images in their eastern imagination. " Revolutionary neoplasms in the form of divisional, regimental, etc. committees affected the Native Division. However, here in their “structure” the senior command of the regiments and divisions took the most active part, and the division committee was headed by the commander of the Circassian regiment Sultan Krym-Girey. The division remained honored. The most revolutionary hotbed in the division was the team of Baltic sailors-machine gunners fleetattributed to the union even before the revolution. In comparison with them, "the natives looked much more tactful and restrained." So, already at the beginning of April P.A. Polovtsev could relievedly declare that in his native Tatar regiment "he was coming out of the furnace of revolution in perfect order." A similar situation was in other regiments. The historian O. L. Opryshko explains the preservation of discipline in the division with a special atmosphere that is not characteristic of other parts of the Russian army: the voluntary nature of the service and the blood and country ties that held the military team together.

In March-April, the division even strengthened its membership through the arrival of the Ossetian foot brigade (3 battalion and 3 hiking hundreds), formed at the end of 1916 and the “reserve frame” regiment - a part of the division, formerly deployed in the North Caucasus. On the eve of the June 1917 offensive of the forces of the South-Western Front, the division was staged by a review of the recently accepted 8 Army General L.G. Kornilov. The army, in his own words, was “in a state of almost complete disintegration ... Many generals and a significant part of the regimental commanders, under pressure from the committees, were removed from their positions. With the exception of a few parts, fraternization flourished ... ". The "Wild Division" was among the units that retained the military look. After producing a division review for June 12, Kornilov admitted that he was happy to see her "in such an amazing order." Bagration, he said that "finally breathing military air." In the 25 offensive that began in June, the 8 Army operated quite successfully, but the operation of the Southwestern Front failed after the first counterattacks of the German and Austrian forces. A panic retreat began, driven by the defeatist agitation of the Bolshevik agitators, first the units of the 11 Army, and then the entire South-Western Front. Just arrived at the front, General P.N. Wrangel observed how “a“ democratized army ”, not wanting to shed his blood for“ saving the gains of the revolution ”, ran like a flock of sheep. Powerless chiefs were powerless to stop this crowd. ” The Wild Division, at the personal request of General Kornilov, covered the withdrawal of Russian troops and participated in counterattacks.

General Bagration noted: "This chaotic retreat ... clearly revealed the importance of discipline in the shelves of the Native Horse Division, whose orderly movement calmed panic elements of non-combatants and carts to which the XII corps deserters adjoined from the standpoint."
The atypical organization of the division has long since earned it the glory of "counter-revolutionary", which equally worried both the Provisional Government and the Soviet government. During the retreat of the troops of the South-Western Front, this image was strengthened due to the fact that hundreds of divisions took upon themselves the protection of staffs from possible attempts by deserters. According to Bagration, “one presence ... of Caucasians will curb the criminal intent of the deserters, and if necessary, hundreds will appear in alarm.”

In July and August, the situation on the front rapidly deteriorated. Following the defeat of the South-Western Front, Riga was abandoned without resistance and began a disorderly retreat of a part of the Northern Front. A real threat of capture by the enemy looms over Petrograd. The government decided to form a Special Petrograd Army. In the officer-generals and right-wing circles of Russian society, the conviction matured that it was impossible to restore order in the army and the country and stop the enemy without liquidating the Petrograd Soviet of Workers 'and Soldiers' Deputies. The leader of this movement was the supreme commander of the Russian army, General Kornilov. Acting in close liaison with representatives of the Provisional Government and with their consent (the High Commissioner for the Stavka, M. M. Filonenko and the Commander-in-Chief of the War Ministry, B. V. Savinkov), at the end of August Kornilov began to concentrate troops in the vicinity of Petrograd at the request of Kerensky himself, who was afraid speeches of the Bolsheviks. His immediate goal was to disperse the Petrograd Soviet (and, in the event of resistance, of the Provisional Government), declare a provisional dictatorship and a state of siege in the capital.

Not without reason, fearing its bias, August 27 A.F. Kerensky dismissed Kornilov from the post of commander-in-chief, after which the latter moved his troops to Petrograd. In the afternoon of August 28, at the headquarters in Mogilev, a vigorous and confident mood prevailed. General Krasnov, who arrived here, was told: “No one will defend Kerensky. This is a walk. Everything is prepared. The defenders of the capital themselves later acknowledged: “The behavior of the troops of Petrograd was below any criticism, and the revolution near Petrograd in the event of a collision would find the same defenders as the homeland under Tarnopol” (meant the July defeat of the South-Western Front).

Kornilov chose the 3 th cavalry corps of the Cossacks under the command of Lieutenant-General A.M. Krymov and the Aboriginal Division, “as units capable of resisting the corrupting influence of the Petrograd Soviet ...”. Another 10 of August on the orders of the new Supreme Commander-in-Chief from Infantry General L.G. Kornilov's “Wild Division” began a transfer to the Northern Front, in the area of ​​the Dno station.

It is characteristic that the rumors about the transfer of the division to Petrograd in order to “restore order”, were long overdue, and its officers had to periodically appear in the press with refutations.

According to A.P. Markova, the division's transfer to Petrograd was planned as early as December 1916 - the tsarist government was counting on it to “strengthen the garrison” of the capital, no longer relying on propagandized spare infantry units. According to the statement of the first historiographer of the division N.N. Breshko-Breshkovsky reactionary and monarchical sentiment prevailed among the officers. He puts such a characteristic exclamation into the mouth of the protagonist of his chronicle novel: “Who can resist us? Who! These decomposed gangs of cowards who have not been on fire ...? If only we could walk, physically walk to Petrograd, and success beyond all doubts! ... All the military schools will stand up, all the best will rise, all that craves only the signal for release from the gang of international criminals who settled in Smolny! ... "

By order of General Kornilov from August 21, the division was deployed to the Caucasian native cavalry corps - a very controversial decision (at that time only ten 1350 checkers were in the division, with a large shortage weapons) and untimely due to the tasks before him. The corps was to consist of two divisions of a double brigade. Using his powers as commander-in-chief of all armed forces, Kornilov transferred for this purpose from other connections the 1 th Dagestan and Ossetian cavalry regiments with the latter deployed in two regiments. General Bagration was appointed head of the corps. Major-General A.V. Gagarin headed the 1 Division, and Lieutenant-General Khoranov headed the 2 Division.

On August 26, General Kornilov, while in the Mogilev Headquarters, ordered the troops to make a turn to Petrograd. By this time, the native corps had not yet completed its concentration at the Bottom station, therefore only separate parts of it (only the Ingush regiment and three echelons of the Circassian regiment) moved to Petrograd.

The Provisional Government took emergency measures to apprehend the echelons moving from the south. In many places, railways and telegraph lines were destroyed, congestion at stations and hauls and damage to locomotives were organized. The confusion caused by 28 August delay in motion, used by many agitators.

Parts of the “Wild Division” did not have any connection with the head of the operation, General Krymov, who was stuck at st. Meadows, neither with the chief of the division, Bagration, who had not moved forward with his headquarters with Art. Bottom. On the morning of August 29, a delegation of agitators of the Central Executive Committee and the executive committee of the All-Russian Muslim Council from among the natives of the Caucasus — its chairman Ahmet Tsalikov, Aytek Namitokov and others — arrived to the commander of the Circassian regiment Colonel Sultan of Crimea-Giray. restoration of the monarchy and, consequently, the danger of the national movement in the North Caucasus. They urged the countrymen not to interfere in any way "in the internal strife of Russia." The audience that came before the delegates was divided into two parts: Russian officers (and they constituted the overwhelming majority of commanders in the native echelons) all stood behind Kornilov, and the Muslim horsemen, who felt like they did not understand the meaning of the events that had been played out. According to the testimony of members of the delegation, junior officers and riders were "completely ignorant" about the goals of their movement and "were greatly depressed and overwhelmed by the role that General Kornilov wants to impose on them."

In the regiments of the division began confusion. The dominant mood of the riders was unwillingness to interfere in the internecine struggle and fight against the Russians.

Colonel Sultan of Crimea-Giray took the initiative of the negotiations, being essentially alone among prosecutors. On the first day of the 29 talks in August, they managed to get the upper hand and the head of the echelon, Prince Gagarin, forced the delegation to leave. He planned to go to Tsarskoye Selo by marching order by the end of the day.

The talks in the morning of August 30 at Vyritsa Station, in which General Bagration, Muslim representatives, deputies of the Petrograd Soviet, members of regimental and divisional committees, regimental commanders, and many officers, were of key importance. From Vladikavkaz came a telegram from the Central Committee of the Union of United Caucasus Highlanders, prohibiting "under the fear of the curse of your mothers and children to take part in an internal war committed with purposes unknown to us."

It was decided in no case to participate in the campaign "against the Russians" and elected a delegation to Kerensky, consisting of 68 people led by Colonel Sultan of Crimea-Giray. On September 1, the delegation was received by the Provisional Government and assured the latter in its full submission. Bagration, reputed to be a weak-willed boss, took a passive stance in the events that took place, preferring to go with the flow.

He was dismissed by the government, as well as Gagarin and the corps chief of staff V. Gatovsky. The corps was promised immediate shipment to the Caucasus to rest and re-staffing. Lieutenant-General Polovtsev, former chief of staff of the Nat division, entered the command (“as a democrat”), who had already managed to serve as commander of the troops of the Petrograd military district.

The Regiments of the Native Division refused to participate in the insurrection, however, the Bolshevik propaganda in it did not take deep roots.

In September, a number of regimental officers 1917 appeared in the press, as well as at the 2 All-Russian Congress in Vladikavkaz, stating that they did not fully know the goals of their movement to St. Petersburg.

In conditions when the civil war was already close, the motive of interethnic clashes associated with the use of the Native Division in a speech by Kornilov especially embarrassed the participants in the conflict, became a bugaboo, giving an ominous tinge to impending events. Among the conspirators, there was a widespread opinion, narrow-minded in its essence, that "Caucasian highlanders don't care who to cut." B.V. Savinkov (at the request of Kerensky), before the government broke up with Kornilov, 24 of August asked him to replace the Caucasian division with regular cavalry, since “it is embarrassing to entrust the assertion of Russian freedom to the Caucasian mountaineers”. Kerensky, in a public order from 28 of August, personified the reaction forces in the person of the “Wild Division”: “He (Kornilov - A. B.) says that he stands for freedom, [a] sends a native division to Petrograd”. Three other equestrian divisions of General Krymov were not mentioned by him. Petrograd, according to historian G.Z. Ioffe, from this news "numb", not knowing what to expect from the "mountain thugs."

Muslim negotiators who campaigned in the 28 - 31 regiments of August, against their will, were forced to exploit national-Islamic themes in order to drive a wedge between ordinary mountaineers and reactionary-minded officers, which were largely alien riders. According to A.P. Markov, the Ingush regiment had to leave the Georgians, the Kabarda regiment — the Ossetians. In the Tatar regiment also developed an “unsympathetic atmosphere”: pan-Islamic tendencies spread. Obviously, there was that pain point, the pressure on which quickly demoralized the Caucasian horsemen. For comparison, it can be recalled that the socialist propaganda of the radical-minded sailors of the machine-gun crew after the February Revolution had almost no influence on the riders.

General Polovtsev, who received the corps in the first days of September, found a picture of impatient waiting at the Bottom station: “The mood is that if the trainloads are not given, the riders will march all over Russia and she will not soon forget this campaign.”

In October, 1917, part of the Caucasus Indigenous Equestrian Corps, arrived in the North Caucasus in the areas of their formation and, willy-nilly, became participants in the revolutionary process and the Civil War in the region.
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  1. Apollo
    Apollo 24 December 2013 09: 08
    +7
    quote - The Caucasian native horse division, better known in history as the “Wild” division, was formed on the basis of the highest decree of 23 on August 1914 in the territory of the North Caucasus and was staffed by highland volunteers. The division included six regiments of four hundred: Kabardinsky, 2 th Dagestan, Chechen, Tatar (from the inhabitants of Azerbaijan), Circassian and Ingush.
  2. air wolf
    air wolf 24 December 2013 09: 38
    +28
    So the people, I don’t understand something, watching the national channels, I’m getting wild, it turns out that all the wars we won were the Bashkirs, Chechens and others, and the Slavs, as it were, are not destiny, I’m tired of it. It is a pity that nothing can be done, everything has already been lost. Jewish rulers do their job. And why can't we Slavs organize and put things in order? Our ancestors took Crimea, Shipka took, Berlin took, long list!
    1. 225chay
      225chay 24 December 2013 10: 21
      +8
      Quote: air wolf
      So the people, I don’t understand something, watching the national channels, I’m getting wild, it turns out that all the wars we won were the Bashkirs, Chechens and others, and the Slavs, as it were, are not destiny, I’m tired of it. It is a pity that nothing can be done, everything has already been lost. Jewish rulers do their job. And why can't we Slavs organize and put things in order? Our ancestors took Crimea, Shipka took, Berlin took, long list!

      Do not panic Air Wolf)) everything will be fine!
      1. air wolf
        air wolf 24 December 2013 15: 11
        +4
        I doubt it, because the Jews will not allow me or you to power, they will pit us and you. Any riot today will be crushed easily, like an ice rink. And the people are still afraid of everything, because illiterate and scored him.
    2. abrakadabre
      abrakadabre 24 December 2013 14: 49
      0
      I don't want to seem politically incorrect wink, but in the photo of the representatives of the "Wild" division, recruited from the mountaineers, presented in the article, I do not see a single clearly expressed face of Caucasian nationality. Or is it my optical illusion? Or off-topic photo? Or has the phenotype in the Caucasus changed since then?
      1. DON-100
        DON-100 24 December 2013 15: 43
        +9
        I think this photo will be more interesting. In the photo, Emperor Nikolai with officers of the Dagestan cavalry regiment. This photo speaks for itself. The division enjoyed well-deserved respect and we should not forget that the command consisted mainly of Russian officers, who considered it an honor to serve in the division. Pouring mud at the division, you are watering not only the Highlanders who have served Russia worthily and, most importantly, absolutely voluntarily, but also Russian officers.
        1. DON-100
          DON-100 24 December 2013 16: 02
          +3
          I’ll add a little. About 3500 horsemen of the Caucasian native cavalry division were awarded the St. George Crosses and St. George medals “For Bravery”. Apparently the Russian command gave the St. George Crosses for beautiful eyes.
          By the way, by the beginning of 1918, the division, which by that time had been reorganized into a corps, ceased to exist, so that it could not at all fight the Makhnovists.
        2. Ahmed Osmanov
          Ahmed Osmanov 24 December 2013 18: 00
          +3
          Well, they are Dagestanis, which means they are automatically traitors, donkeys, what can you say about us you can always "shit". We have neither honor nor dignity.
        3. Nagaibak
          Nagaibak 24 December 2013 20: 42
          +5
          DON-100 "By pouring mud on the division, you are watering not only the highlanders who served Russia with dignity and, most importantly, absolutely voluntarily, but also the Russian officers."
          I agree. All who shed blood for Russia are worthy of respect and glory. The Ingush who distinguished themselves in an equestrian attack near the Yezeryan fought for us. Like it or not. In the article, this somehow did not sound.
        4. Yarbay
          Yarbay 24 December 2013 21: 45
          +8
          Quote: DON-100
          Pouring mud at the division, you are watering not only the Highlanders who have served Russia worthily and, most importantly, absolutely voluntarily, but also Russian officers.
          That's right !!
          Thanks to the author for the article, but I would like to slightly correct and supplement it! There were two first Tatar (Azerbaijani) regiments !!
          I want to write specifically about these regiments! I once gave an article here, but the administrators considered it uninteresting then! Tatar regiment commander was appointed Lieutenant Colonel Pyotr Polovtsev! A native of Baku, Lieutenant Colonel Vsevolod Staroselsky and captain Shahverdi Khan Abulfat Khan were appointed as assistants to the regiment Ziyatkhanov.
          The colonel of the 16th Dragoon Tver Regiment, Prince Feyzulla Mirza Kajar, was also seconded to the Tatar Regiment. In early August 1914, it was announced that volunteers would be recorded in formed regiments. On August 5, the Chief of Staff of the Caucasian Military District, Lieutenant General N. Yudenich, notified the Governor Elizavetpolsky G.S. Kovalev on the highest deign on the formation of indigenous units. According to the governor of Elizabethpol, by August 27 "Muslim volunteers enrolled in the Tatar regiment of more than two thousand". Due to the fact that only 400 people were required, including one hundred of Azerbaijanis, residents of the Borchali district of Tiflis province, further recording was stopped.
          Nicholas II, while in Tiflis in November 1914, addressed the deputation of Muslims with the following words:

          “I express my heartfelt gratitude to all representatives of the Muslim population of the Tiflis and Elizavetpol provinces, who reacted so sincerely to the difficult times, as proof of which is equipping the Muslim population of the Caucasus with six horse regiments in the division, which, under the command of my brother, went to fight our common enemy. Give my heartfelt thanks to the entire Muslim population for the love and devotion to Russia. ”.
          In early November, the Caucasian native cavalry division was included in the 2nd cavalry corps of Lieutenant General Huseyn Khan Nakhichevan.(* By the way, my article on the centenary of this general was also considered unnecessary by the administration, although this man did not serve my country, but served Russia honestly! He was one of the two generals who did not swear the oath and offered assistance to Nikolai the second !! *))
          1. Yarbay
            Yarbay 24 December 2013 21: 48
            +3
            In February 1915, the division carried out successful offensive operations.
            So on February 15, the Chechen and Tatar regiments fought a fierce battle in the vicinity of the village of Brin. As a result of a stubborn battle, after hand-to-hand fights, the enemy was knocked out of this settlement. The regiment commander Lt. Col. A. Polovtsev was awarded the Order of St. George the Victorious 4th degree.

            Here is how Lieutenant Colonel Polovtsev regarded his award in a telegram to the governor of Elizabeth G. Kovalev:

            “The Tatar regiment was the first of the Native Division to earn the St. George Cross to its commander. Proud of the high award, I consider it an extremely flattering assessment of high military qualities and the selfless courage of the Tatar horsemen. I ask you to accept the expression of my deepest admiration for the unprecedented valor of the Muslim warriors of the Elizabeth province. Polovtsev. "

            In this battle, Colonel Prince Feisulla Mirza Kajar was especially distinguished, who was also awarded the Order of St. George the Victorious 4th degree. From the award presentation:

            “On February 15, 1915, taking on its own initiative a team of 4 hundreds of the Uman Cossack Regiment, which had only one officer, led them on a decisive attack under strong gun and machine-gun fire, twice returned the retreating Cossacks and, thanks to decisive action, contributed to the occupation of the village of Brin” .
            On February 17, 1915, Colonel Prince Feizulla Mirza Kajar was appointed commander of the Chechen equestrian regiment, replacing the commander of the regiment, colonel A. Svyatopolk-Mirsky, who died on the eve of the battle.

            On February 21, 1915, the division commander Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovich received an order from the commander of the 2nd cavalry corps, Lieutenant General Khan Nakhichevan, to drive the enemy out of the town of Tlumach. To solve the task, the division commander advanced the Tatar regiment, and then the Chechen regiment. As a result of a stubborn battle, Tlumach was busy.

            By the end of February, units of the 2nd Cavalry Corps completed the combat mission assigned to them in the Carpathian operation of the troops of the South-Western Front. On July 16, 1915, in connection with the appointment of Colonel Khagandokov as the acting chief of staff of the 2nd cavalry corps, the commander of the 2nd brigade was taken over by the commander of the Chechen regiment, Colonel Prince Feyzulla Mirza Kadzhar "with the performance of direct duties under the command of the regiment."

            In July - August 1915, the Caucasian cavalry native division conducted heavy battles on the left bank of the Dniester. Here again, Colonel Prince Feyzulla Mirza Kajar distinguished himself. From the order of the commander of the Caucasian native cavalry division:

            "He especially showed (Prince Kajar - C.S.) high valor during the period of heavy fighting in the Vinyatyntsi region (August 12 - 15, 1915), when, commanding the 2nd brigade, which had lost about 250 horsemen, he repelled 5 violent attacks of the Austrians" .
            1. Yarbay
              Yarbay 24 December 2013 21: 50
              +2
              At the beginning of 1916 there were big changes in the command staff of the division. Major General (Lieutenant General since July 12, 1916) D.P. was appointed the division commander. Bagration.
              Major General Ya.D. appointed by the Chief of Staff of the 2nd Corps Yuzefovich as commander of the division was replaced by the commander of the Tatar cavalry regiment, Colonel Polovtsev.
              Major General S.A. was appointed commander of the 2nd Brigade. Drobyazgin. Colonel of the Kabardinsky Horse Regiment Prince Fedor Nikolaevich (Tembot Zhanhotovich) Bekovich - Cherkassky was appointed commander of the Tatar Horse Regiment.

              On May 31, 1916, Colonel Bekovich - Cherkassky, having received the order to drive the enemy out of the Tyshkovtsy village, personally led three hundred Tatar regiment under the hurricane fire of the Austrians. As a result of the horse attack, the village was occupied. 171 Austrian soldiers and 6 officers were captured.
              After half an hour, the enemy, with the help of two infantry battalions, with the support of artillery, made an attempt to return Tyshkivtsi. However, three dismounted hundreds of regiments, supported by a machine-gun platoon from a Baltic Fleet detachment, met the attacking enemy with dense fire. The enemy’s attack drowned. Nevertheless, until the middle of the day, the Austrians tried several times to recapture the Tyshkivtsi, but to no avail.
              After some time, two hundred Chechens Colonel Kajar, two guns of the equestrian-mountain division and a battalion of the infantry Zaamur regiment came to the rescue of the Tatar regiment. Five enemy attacks were repelled during the day. In addition to 177 prisoners, the Austrians lost only 256 killed.
              For this battle, the commander of the Tatar cavalry regiment, Colonel Prince Bekovich - Cherkassky was introduced to the Order of St. George the Victorious 3rd degree.
              4th degree St. George Crosses for a horse attack were awarded to a rider Pasha Rustamov, a native of the village of Yukhara Ayyply of the Elizavetpol district, Halil Bek Gasumov, a native of Shusha, and Prince Idris Aga Kajar (brother of the Chechen regiment commander Fayzulla Mirza).

              In the first decade of June, the Tatar cavalry regiment, as part of the 2nd brigade of the division, fought west of Chernivtsi. Overcoming the stubborn resistance of the enemy, by mid-June the brigade reached the Cheremosh River, on the opposite bank of which the Austrians were entrenched. On June 15, the Chechen and Tatar regiments crossed the river under fierce enemy fire and, immediately capturing the Rostock village, began to advance forward northwest towards the Bukovinian Carpathians towards the city of Vorokhta in the upper reaches of the Prut River.
              In these battles, the rider Kerim Kulu oglu, awarded the St. George Cross of the 4th degree and the junior officer Alexander Kaitukov, awarded the St. George Cross of the 2nd degree, were especially distinguished from the soldiers of the Tatar Regiment.
              On December 9, 1916, during the battle near the village of Vali-Salchi, the commander of the Chechen regiment, Colonel Prince Feizulla Mirza Kajar, was seriously injured. He was sent to a divisional sanitary unit, and then evacuated to Russia. Looking ahead, we’ll say that already on February 25, 1917, Colonel Kajar returned to duty and again headed the Chechen cavalry regiment.
              1. Yarbay
                Yarbay 24 December 2013 21: 53
                +4
                On May 22, the division’s chief of staff, Major General P.A. Polovtsev, was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Petrograd Military District.
                From the telegram of P.A. Polovtsev to one of the initiators of the formation of the Tatar cavalry regiment Mamed Khan Ziyatkhanov:


                “Having received permission from the Minister of War to preserve the uniform of the Tatar cavalry regiment, I ask you to convey to the Muslim population of Elizavetpol province and Borchalinsky district that I will be proud to keep the memory of the valiant regiment assembled in their midst, at the head of which I had the honor to be composed for a year and a half. An endless series of feats in the fields of Galicia and Romania, Muslims have shown themselves to be worthy descendants of great ancestors and faithful sons of our great Motherland.
                Commander-in-Chief of the Petrograd Military District General Polovtsev. "
                1. Yarbay
                  Yarbay 24 December 2013 21: 55
                  +4


                  Numerous military awards were awarded to the soldiers of the Tatar cavalry regiment.
                  In addition to the already mentioned above, military awards were also awarded: captain Shahverdi Khan Ziyatkhanov, staff captains Suleiman Bek Sultanov and Aksan Khan Nakhichevan, staff captain Jalal Bek Sultanov, lieutenant Salim Bek Sultanov.
                  Particularly distinguished non-commissioned officers and ordinary riders: full St. George cavaliers, i.e. The St. George Crosses of all four degrees were awarded: Alibek Nabibekov, native of the village of Arablu, Zangezur district, Sayad Zeynalov, Mehti Ibragimov, Alekper Hadzhiev, Datso Daurov, Alexander Kaitukov, native of the village of Agkeynek, Kazakh district. Three St. George crosses and three St. George medals were awarded to Osman Aga Gyulmamedov, a native of the village of Salakhly, Kazakh county.

                  Of particular note is the native of Shusha, Zeynal Bek Sadikhov, who, having started as a non-commissioned officer in the scout team, earned three St. George Crosses and a St. George medal, and after being awarded military honors, he was awarded four military orders.
                  1. Yarbay
                    Yarbay 24 December 2013 21: 59
                    +2
                    However, already on September 2, in connection with the “Kornilov case”, by order of the Provisional Government, the commander of the Caucasian native cavalry corps, Lieutenant General Prince Bagration and the commander of the 1st Caucasian native cavalry division, Major General Prince Gagarin, were relieved of their posts.
                    On the same day, by order of the Provisional Government, Lieutenant General P.A. Polovtsev was appointed commander of the Caucasian native cavalry corps. The 1st Caucasian indigenous equestrian division was headed by Major General Prince Feyzulla Mirza Kajar. General Polovtsev managed to get from Kerensky that the previously adopted order to send the corps to the Caucasus was executed.

                    In late September - early October 1917, units and subunits of the corps were transferred to the Caucasus.
                    The headquarters of the corps was in Vladikavkaz, and the headquarters of the 1st Caucasian native cavalry division in Pyatigorsk.

                    After the October Revolution in Petrograd, the corps for some time retained, in general terms, its organization as a military unit. So, for example, back in October - November 1917, the commander of the corps, General Polovtsev, conducted regiment reviews. In particular, as was indicated in one of the orders to the corps, on October 26 in the Yelenendorf colony, near Elizavetpol, he (General Polovtsev - Ch. S.) "looked at the Tatar regiment." However, by January1918, the Caucasian native horse corps ceased to exist.

                    http://www.ourbaku.com/index.php5/%D0%9A%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%BA%D0%B0%D0%B7%D1%81%D0%
                    BA%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D1%82%D1%83%D0%B7%D0%B5%D0%BC%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%
                    BD%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D0%B4%D0%B8%D0%B2%D0%B8%D0%B7%D0%B8%D1%8F_(%D0%94%D0%B8%D0
                    %BA%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D0%B4%D0%B8%D0%B2%D0%B8%D0%B7%D0%B8%D1%8F)
                2. smersh70
                  smersh70 24 December 2013 23: 24
                  +4
                  Quote: Yarbay
                  that I will proudly keep the memory of the valiant regiment assembled in their midst, at the head of which I had the honor to be a half year old. An endless series of feats in the fields of Galicia and Romania, Muslims have shown themselves to be worthy descendants of great ancestors and faithful sons of our great Motherland.

                  whoever said that the soldiers of the wild division fought only with women and children and gave an example of Makhno))) I told you, Yarbai will come and put everyone and everyone in their place, like our heavy artillery laughing good
                  1. Yarbay
                    Yarbay 24 December 2013 23: 32
                    +4
                    Quote: smersh70
                    whoever said that the soldiers of the wild division fought only with women and children and gave an example of Makhno)))

                    From the article “Faithful Sons of Russia” published in the newspaper “Morning of Russia”: “The Caucasian native division, all the same long-suffering“ savage ”, with their lives paying for the trade and treacherous accounts of the Russian army of“ fraternization ”, its freedom and its culture. The Wild saved the Russian army in Romania; "Wild" unbridled blow overturned the Austrians and at the head of the Russian army went all over Bukovina and took Chernivtsi. "Wild" broke into Galich and drove the Austrians a week ago. And yesterday again the “savage”, saving the retreating rally convoy, rushed forward and recaptured their positions, saved the situation. "Wild" foreigners - they will pay Russia with blood for all that land, for all the will that organized soldiers are demanding today, running from the front to the rear rallies. "
                    From the telegram of P.A. Polovtsev to one of the initiators of the formation of the Tatar cavalry regiment Mamed Khan Ziyatkhanov: “Having received permission from the Minister of War to preserve the uniform of the Tatar cavalry regiment, I ask you to convey to the Muslim population of Elizavetpol province and Borchalinsky district that I will be proud to keep the memory of the valiant regiment assembled in their midst, at the head of which I had the honor to be composed for a year and a half. An endless series of feats in the fields of Galicia and Romania, Muslims have shown themselves to be worthy descendants of great ancestors and faithful sons of our great Motherland. Commander-in-Chief of the Troops of the Petrograd Military District, General Polovtsev.

                    with pride I will keep the memory of the VALENT Regiment, assembled in their midst, at the head of which I had the HONOR TO CONTAIN a year and a half. !!!!


                    http://savash-az.com/rasskazi/tkdiv.htm
                  2. Yarbay
                    Yarbay 25 December 2013 00: 27
                    +1
                    Quote: smersh70
                    I told you

                    By the way, Vurgun will raise a question for you to immortalize Polovtsev’s words about the Ganja !!
                    I think these words should be driven into a memorial stone with gold !!
    3. Yarbay
      Yarbay 24 December 2013 22: 08
      +3
      Dear Alexei Bezgolugny blogger for the article, I hope you will continue to acquaint us with the combat route of the soldiers of the * Wild Division *!
      It would be great if your articles were about separate shelves!

      In the photo, Lieutenant General Huseyn Khan of Nakhichevan!

      On March 2, 1917, Emperor Nicholas II at the Dno railway station was forced to sign the Act of Renunciation. Having received a message from Headquarters about this, General Huseyn Khan Nakhichevan sent a telegram to the Chief of Staff of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief General M.V. Alekseev:
      “Information about major events has come down to us. I ask you not to refuse to cast at the footsteps of His Majesty the boundless devotion to the guards cavalry and the willingness to die for your adored Monarch. Adjutant General Khan-Nakhichevan. No. 277, March 03, 1917


      However, Adjutant General Alekseev did not transmit the telegram to the emperor. Lieutenant-General A. I. Denikin noted in his Essays on Russian Troubles:
      “For many, it seems surprising and incomprehensible that the collapse of the age-old monarchical system did not cause among the army brought up in its traditions, not only struggle, but even individual outbreaks. That the army did not create its Vendée ... I know only three episodes of sharp protest: the movement of General Ivanov’s detachment to Tsarskoye Selo, organized by the Headquarters in the first days of unrest in Petrograd, was made very ineptly and was soon canceled, and two telegrams sent to the emperor by the commanders of the 3rd cavalry and the guards horse corps, Count Keller and Khan of Nakhichevan. Both of them offered themselves and their troops to the sovereign to suppress the "rebellion" ...
    4. lakec
      lakec 25 December 2013 19: 07
      0
      your ancestors stood cancer
  3. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 24 December 2013 10: 00
    +20
    On the fronts of the First World War, this "wild" division distinguished itself no more than any other division of the Russian army ...
    The "riders" distinguished themselves later, during the civil period, being part of the Denitin army. And there they were no longer engaged in military operations, but in robbery and violence against the local civilian population. For which the lads of Nestor Ivanovich Makhno chopped and cut them with special zeal and diligence. Few "riders" then left the "walk-field" ...
    Wrangel had some remnants of the "wild" division. But they preferred to escape when the Red Army units approached the Crimea ...
    That's the whole "heroic" combat bond of the "wild" division in a nutshell ... The question is - maybe it's enough to PR (the third article on the site, at least) this is not a very nice unit? .. Minus ...

    Finish, dear Author (Alexey Bezugolny), scribbling such materials (for a mile away they reek of cheap, but paid PR). But in order to have something to do, write better about how the tribesmen of the "horsemen" in 1918 burned the village of Field Marshal. There will be much more sense from this. Especially if you dig deeper ...
    1. smersh70
      smersh70 24 December 2013 10: 04
      +2
      Quote: Chicot 1
      Why did the lads of Nestor Ivanovich Makhno cut

      Quote: Chicot 1
      But they preferred to flush away as the units of the red army approached

      as if the lads of Nestor stood to death and defended themselves to the last wassat
      1. Chicot 1
        Chicot 1 24 December 2013 10: 19
        +10
        Quote: smersh70
        as if the lads of Nestor stood to death and defended themselves to the last

        "As if", or on the contrary "not as if", but they demolished the "wild" division. And demolished almost to the ground. It is a fact. And this very fact, like all other facts, is very stubborn and intractable ...
        And by the way, parts of the Makhno army participated in battles with the Wrangel army in Crimea ... And this is also a fact ...
        Such are the things, dear Vurgun. To your health!.. drinks
        1. smersh70
          smersh70 24 December 2013 13: 01
          +1
          Quote: Chicot 1
          And demolished almost to the base

          about demolished or not demolished .... the bulk of the Wild Division went to the Caucasus ... and became the core of the creation of the ADR army in 1918 .... so it was the demolition of the head of the combined army of the Bolshevik-Dashnaks in July-September 1918 ....
          1. Chicot 1
            Chicot 1 24 December 2013 14: 17
            +2
            Quote: smersh70
            the bulk of the Wild Division went to the Caucasus ... and became the core of the creation of the ADR army in 1918 ..

            And apparently you think the main part of this division is the Tatar Horse Regiment? ..
            Quote: smersh70
            here it was she who demolished the head of the combined army of the Bolsheviks-Dashnaks

            With the Bolsheviks and Dashnaks, everything seems to be clear. But they also slashed supporters and adherents of "Musavat", or did they give a discount, as to their fellow tribesmen? ..

            And the native division (which at that time was part of the Denitin army) as such was demolished by this particular man - Makhno, Nestor Ivanovich (1889-1934).
            1. smersh70
              smersh70 24 December 2013 14: 29
              +4
              Quote: Chicot 1
              And apparently you think the main part of this division is the Tatar Horse Regiment? ..

              namely, dear friend, precisely !!!!!! they were more in composition ... half a year ago Yarbai put an article here about this cavalry ....
              the nucleus of this division was stopped and disarmed the rest of the Caucasian army, which was returning from the Turkish front near the Dallar station .. and which infantrymen had been at war for 4 years in that war with the Turks, I hope YOU do not need to explain ....
              Quote: Chicot 1
              But supporters and adherents of "Musavat" they also cut down,

              why cut their own))))) because they stood during the reign of the commissars in Salyan and thanks to them they managed to defeat the Salyan Republic ..... they failed to disarm even the British and the Bolsheviks .. not even the well-trained Petrov regiment (Bolshevik ), Bicherakhova (the Central Caspian) .... and in the end, it was the division that joined the already created Red Army of Soviet Azerbaijan and existed until 1938 .... and the Bolsheviks knew who to leave in the army)))))
              1. Chicot 1
                Chicot 1 24 December 2013 15: 13
                0
                Quote: smersh70
                exactly dear friend, exactly

                Avon is like ... Although, of course, it’s quite interesting what was the poetry composition of each regiment. For there was infa that, in addition to Azerbaijanis, Chechens also entered the Tatar regiment. I don’t think that they were burning with an irresistible desire to move to Transcaucasia ...
                Quote: smersh70
                why cut your

                Of course ... I just wanted to hear it from you ...
                1. Yarbay
                  Yarbay 24 December 2013 23: 12
                  +1
                  Quote: Chicot 1
                  For there was infa that, in addition to Azerbaijanis, Chechens also entered the Tatar regiment.

                  No, the Chechen commander was an Azerbaijani Prince Kajar!
                  The regiment was purely Tatar!
                2. Yarbay
                  Yarbay 25 December 2013 00: 20
                  -1
                  Quote: Chicot 1
                  Although, of course, it is rather interesting what the poetic composition of each of the regiments was.

                  Azerbaijanis had glorious traditions of service in Russia and long before the Wild Division!
                  I advise you to read here about the KENGERLINSKAYA KONNITSA!

                  http://topwar.ru/28362-kengerlinskaya-konnica.html
                  1. Chicot 1
                    Chicot 1 25 December 2013 03: 23
                    -1
                    Quote: Yarbay
                    Azerbaijanis had glorious traditions of service in Russia and long before the Wild Division

                    Does anyone deny this? ..
                    Quote: Yarbay
                    Chechen commander was Azerbaijani prince Kajar

                    Because the Chechens had an Azerbaijani commander, they ceased to be Chechens? ..
                    1. Yarbay
                      Yarbay 27 December 2013 20: 47
                      0
                      Quote: Chicot 1
                      Because the Chechens had an Azerbaijani commander, they ceased to be Chechens? ..

                      No, of course))) Just an answer to the type that you read somewhere that the Tatar regiment included Chechens !! There were no Tatars (Azerbaijanis) and commanders in the Chechen regiment !!!
                      But there were no Chechens in the Tatar regiment, there were Tatars!
      2. Nagaibak
        Nagaibak 24 December 2013 20: 37
        +4
        smersh70 "as if Nestor's lads stood to death and defended themselves to the last"
        Normally they fought. There are memoirs of Makhno and his other associates. About the defeat of the Wild Division they did not meet information. By then, the division was no longer there. Maybe another newly formed part is split up - that’s another matter.
        1. Yarbay
          Yarbay 24 December 2013 23: 14
          +4
          Quote: Nagaibak
          About the defeat of the Wild Division they did not meet information.

          That's right!
    2. Ingvar 72
      Ingvar 72 24 December 2013 10: 42
      +6
      Quote: Chicot 1
      On the fronts of the First World War, this very "wild" division distinguished itself no more,

      Come on. But what about such feats? laughing
      At the end of 1915, a search in the Jewish town of Ulashkovitsa resulted in mass pogroms, robberies and rape of the local population.
      This they certainly differed.
  4. Russ69
    Russ69 24 December 2013 10: 08
    +10
    Quote: air wolf
    So the people, I don’t understand something, watching the national channels, I’m getting wild, it turns out that all the wars we won were the Bashkirs, Chechens and others, and the Slavs, as it were, are not destiny, I’m tired of it.

    Just small national peoples, with great respect for their history. And, we have "House-2", our everything ... Ugh ...
    You can love, not love the Caucasus. But, this is part of Russia and part of our history, even if sometimes unpleasant ...
  5. Yeraz
    Yeraz 24 December 2013 10: 08
    .
    Wild Division glory to the great warriors.
    1. Same lech
      Same lech 24 December 2013 10: 39
      +8
      Yeraz Wild Division glory to the great warriors.

      they fought well with women and children in UKRAINE, they still remember there.
      1. Yeraz
        Yeraz 24 December 2013 15: 51
        +5
        Quote: The same Lech
        Yeraz Wild Division glory to the great warriors.

        they fought well with women and children in UKRAINE, they still remember there.

        Yeah, in general, they did just that. Not grateful.

        The funny thing is the last time, when there was an article, everyone praised this division here, we could organize the proposals like that now. And this year, savages rose in nationalist sentiment.
        Looks like some did the right thing on the side of the Nazis, otherwise I feel a year or two different and already who fought in the Second World War will turn out to be rapists and cowards.
        1. Same lech
          Same lech 24 December 2013 16: 49
          +2
          I understand your sarcasm Yeraz. Last time was an article on January 6, 2013.


          According to eyewitnesses, even the Latvian arrows were not so cruel. De Witt, an officer of the Aboriginal Division, testifies: "The specific weight of a Chechen as a warrior is small; by nature he is an abrek robber, and moreover not one of the brave: he always plans a weak sacrifice for himself, and in case of victory over it becomes cruel to sadism."

          I think that little has changed since then.
      2. Yarbay
        Yarbay 24 December 2013 23: 15
        +3
        Quote: The same LYOKHA
        they fought well with women and children in UKRAINE, they still remember there.

        What are you saying?)))
        Then Suvorov fought with women and children)))))
    2. olegom
      olegom 24 December 2013 19: 23
      -4
      Glory to the heroes! - http://borisserdyk.livejournal.com/36346.html
      1. Hudo
        Hudo 24 December 2013 23: 57
        +4
        Completely pan booby. In Munich, your Geyroi schnapps is jammed with a rutabaga zup.
  6. vlad0
    vlad0 24 December 2013 10: 16
    +6
    ..... the tsarist government set itself the task: on the one hand, "to have all these peoples in their dependence and make useful to the state" .....

    That should be the modern policy of Russia in the North Caucasus! There is no need to invent anything new, everything is done before us.
    Well, the Russian soldier fought no worse and without cutting off the heads of prisoners.
    1. Chicot 1
      Chicot 1 24 December 2013 10: 51
      +4
      Quote: vlad0
      That should be the modern policy of Russia in the North Caucasus

      Kadyrov junior is allowed to have his own personal "guard". I mean the so-called. "Kadyrovtsy". Why isn't a new "wild" division for you? ..
      It is another matter what is the "contemporary policy of Russia" in relation to the Russians living in the North Caucasus. But I won't call her wise and balanced ...
      1. smersh70
        smersh70 24 December 2013 13: 02
        +2
        Quote: Chicot 1
        I mean the so-called. "Kadyrovtsy". Why isn't a new "wild" division for you? ..

        Yes, and especially they did the bulk of the work in August 08 .... as it should somewhere, so immediately the wild division)))) and then they automatically become bad and uncomfortable))))
        1. Chicot 1
          Chicot 1 24 December 2013 14: 27
          +2
          Quote: smersh70
          and especially they did the bulk of the work in August 08goda

          Oh, what are you saying! .. And I naively believed that the main burden of the hostilities in South Ossetia fell on the units and units of the 58th army ...
          Yes, and in general the participation of "Kadyrovtsy" in this war is a separate and very impartial conversation. Alas, this is a fact ...
          Quote: smersh70
          as it should somewhere, so immediately the wild division

          Our main "plugs in each barrel" are the Internal Troops and Airborne Forces, and not the modern version of the "wild division" in the form of Kadyrov's battalions ...
          Quote: smersh70
          and then they automatically become bad and uncomfortable

          Initially, there was no point in the formation of these units ("Kadyrovtsy"). Well, perhaps only to amuse the pride of Ramzan Akhmadovich ...
          1. smersh70
            smersh70 24 December 2013 14: 58
            -3
            Quote: Chicot 1
            lay down on the units and units of the 58th army ...

            they saw how they were bombed ..... the whole column lay broken ... I already put a video on this topic, we won’t go further into this topic ..... but there was a workaround for the Vostok battalion leaving for Java created the prerequisites for a quiet entry the rest of the 58th army to South Ossetia ... trained fighters in local wars and operations always successfully fight and do their job. Another thing is large-scale wars - there are already numbers and again numbers ..
            .
            Quote: Chicot 1
            "in each barrel plug" is the explosive and airborne forces,

            Grachev also hoped for them in the first Chechen ... but the savages outplayed them .....
            1. Chicot 1
              Chicot 1 24 December 2013 15: 24
              +1
              Quote: smersh70
              they saw how they were bombed ..... the whole column was broken

              In your opinion, all parts of the 58th army that participated in the August war is just one convoy? ..
              Quote: smersh70
              Grachev also hoped for them in the first Chechen

              In general, they basically plugged them into all holes. So he hoped not only Grachev, but also after him ...
              Quote: smersh70
              but the savages outplayed them

              At first - yes ... Only a few of these "savages" had higher military schools and officers' shoulder straps with two gaps behind their backs ... But then the sitiyovina turned in the completely opposite direction. And to a large extent because the leadership was taken by the real, not the parquet generals ...
              1. Yarbay
                Yarbay 24 December 2013 23: 18
                +1
                Quote: Chicot 1
                Only a few of these "savages" had higher military schools and officer's shoulder straps with two gaps behind their backs ...

                and how many were there ???))))))))))
                and what epaulettes had?))))
                So the Russian army was all from the highest military schools with all kinds of gaps on officer uniforms and were wrong with simple shepherds, machine operators!))
                1. Hudo
                  Hudo 24 December 2013 23: 59
                  0
                  Quote: Yarbay
                  So the Russian army was all from the highest military schools with all kinds of gaps on officer uniforms and were wrong with simple shepherds, machine operators!))


                  Not with shepherds and machine operators, but with the 5th column in Belokamennaya.
                  1. Yarbay
                    Yarbay 25 December 2013 00: 11
                    +1
                    Quote: Hudo
                    Not with shepherds and machine operators, but with the 5th column in Belokamennaya.

                    I would agree with you if it was about the war between Russia and Germany, but not with Chechnya!
                    I want to emphasize that I agree and the 5th column was, in principle, and now there is! The fact that they infected the brains of people in particular Russian Nazism is worth studying!
                    5 column and the Chechens had!
      2. UmaR
        UmaR 24 December 2013 22: 17
        +1
        Chicot 1

        You don’t see these people like that, they offended you like that!
        1. Yarbay
          Yarbay 24 December 2013 23: 43
          +2
          Quote: UmaR
          You don’t see these people like that, they offended you like that!

          It's all about the complexes!
          Okunskaya wrote well:
          * If a Russian loves Russia, he is a patriot. If a Ukrainian loves Ukraine, he is a terry Bandera nationalist. * If a Russian says “x o x o l” - he kindly ironizes over the representative of the fraternal people. If the Ukrainian says "Moskal" - he reveals this his nationalist, anti-Russian essence. * If a Russian rally - he defends his interests. If a Ukrainian is rallying, he will work off American money paid to him for anti-Russian purposes. * If Russian speaks Russian, it is simply Russian. If a Ukrainian speaks the Ukrainian language - he is not a complete Petlyura .... *!))))))))))))))))
          Here, instead of Ukraine and Ukrainians, you can enter any republic and any people!)))))))))
          1. UmaR
            UmaR 25 December 2013 00: 45
            +1
            Yarbay

            Totally agree with you!!!
            1. Same lech
              Same lech 25 December 2013 04: 59
              0
              Yarbay

              I completely disagree with you !!!
          2. Chicot 1
            Chicot 1 25 December 2013 03: 07
            -1
            Quote: Yarbay
            It's all about the complexes!

            Quote: UmaR
            Totally agree with you

            That's right. And Mrs. Okunskaya apparently has a place to be completely not weak complex. Interestingly, when and how did they offend her? ..
            And you, dear Alibek, repeat after her ...
          3. UmaR.
            UmaR. 28 December 2013 15: 58
            0
            Warbay
            totally agree with you!!!
        2. Chicot 1
          Chicot 1 25 December 2013 03: 01
          0
          Quote: UmaR
          You don’t see these people, they offended you with something

          No dear. I am objective and critical about everything. And I don’t like fairy tales that pass as reality ...
          And therefore it’s hard to offend me with anything ...

          But the level of your literacy, Umar, makes me sad. Let me remind you that the word "hate" is spelled together. And after the word "offended", you personally just need to put a full stop (exclamation mark or other punctuation mark) ... So your comment should have the following final form -
          Quote: UmaR
          Do you hate these people so much that they offended you? Slave of a sort (signature)

          All the best, Umar ... wink
          1. UmaR
            UmaR 25 December 2013 06: 06
            0
            chicot 1

            Wow, about the errors that I see on this site in full, but it's not about them.

            And you love fairy tales about lads of Cossacks, I know a lot of fairy tales about stripes oh how much!

            Well, it’s just people like you who don’t allow people to respect each other! Why do you despise the Chechens so fiercely, if some representatives of this people committed all kinds of disgusting actions in history, this does not mean that they are all like that, this is not a reason to hate the whole people, this is not right. Well, everyone has scumbags, I personally know a lot of terrible vile deeds done by Russians and Cossacks and so on in the history of Russia, but for me this is not a reason to hate everyone in a row, I know that there are most good people among any nation of Russia!
            It’s just that the snot is already fed up with honesty, all this endless shit, people go to this site, including me, also read something interesting, and are surprised to see all this rotting hatred pouring endlessly on Caucasians, it’s good that I like people like this site I don’t see in real life, at least for now, this is because, as I have already written, there are more good people than any rot, peace and mutual respect ... drinks
            1. The comment was deleted.
              1. UmaR
                UmaR 25 December 2013 18: 27
                0
                general Yermolov

                You damned rot yourself, let's give arguments and facts for what people have more crap and vice versa, you also commit and will commit, dumb dog that’s who you are!
            2. Chicot 1
              Chicot 1 26 December 2013 01: 38
              0
              Quote: UmaR
              Do you like fairy tales about lads of Cossacks

              On the contrary, I do not like fairy tales about the Cossacks, but I want to know everything that really happened in their history. I’m much more interested in the real affairs of real people, and not fiction about them. Even very beautiful and beautiful. And therefore, these tales are smashed to smithereens. Moreover, much tougher than even this material ... So here with a finger to the sky, dear ...
              I can only advise you to objectively relate to the history of your people ...
              Quote: UmaR
              Why do you despise Chechens so fiercely

              Ah ha ... Interesting, and on the basis of what you have made such a far-reaching conclusion ... Or, to paraphrase Madame Okunskaya, when a non-Russian speaks unflattering Russian, this is national identity, and when a Russian speaks unflattering non-Russian, this is nationalism ...
              As you can see, not all of the quotes you cited are in your favor ...
              Quote: UmaR
              Well, everyone has scumbags, I personally know a lot of terrible vile acts committed by Russians and Cossacks

              There is. I also know a lot of those ... But at the moment, it’s not about Cossacks at all. Is not it?..
              Quote: UmaR
              Just already snot tired of an honest word

              Wonderful! .. So stop seasoning these same snot with sugar ...
              Quote: UmaR
              people go to this site including me too read something interesting

              And as an example of objective and balanced work, I can cite the work of the respected Alibek on the Tatar Regiment ... This is where the presentation of the material is. Even with all my corrosiveness, I could not find a catch ...
              And here he’s full of PR (in other words, snot in sugar). Moreover, quite cheap. That's the whole story ... Catch the difference? ..
              Quote: UmaR
              Wow, about the errors that I see on this site in full, but it's not about them

              The point is really not in them, but in your rudeness, which you (voluntarily or involuntarily) made in the first comment ... But the enemy still needs to be respected. Otherwise, you will certainly lose ... This is not what I said, but rather intelligent children from the Japanese islands ...

              So be healthy ...
              1. UmaR
                UmaR 26 December 2013 06: 23
                0
                Chicot 1

                Quote: There is. I also know a lot of those ... But at the moment, it’s not about Cossacks at all. Is not it?..

                Thank you for the honest answer!

                Quote: And as an example of objective and balanced work, I can cite the work of the respected Alibek on the Tatar Regiment ... This is where the presentation of the material is. Even with all my corrosiveness, I could not find a catch ...
                And here he’s full of PR (in other words, snot in sugar). Moreover, quite cheap. That's the whole story ... Catch the difference? ..

                I catch the essence very well, but I can’t understand where the PR is that the Chechens served and fought in the wild division or something, but yes somewhere they could not behave decently like the others I do not deny, but still they fought as part of this despised by all of us divisions and received well-deserved rewards for this, like others it is a fact! Or do you think that they were awarded just like that, from doing foul things or from boredom! laughing
  7. buzer
    buzer 24 December 2013 10: 39
    +19
    General
    Colonel Erich Göpner, commander of the 4th
    a tank group whose strike forces were defeated in battles with Panfilovskaya
    division, so spoke of his enemies:
    "Wild division fighting in violation of all
    charters and rules of reference
    battle, the soldiers of which do not surrender,
    extremely fanatical and not afraid of death. " It is not a great merit to call ourselves a savage division, but when the enemy calls you that ... But the Panfilov division was formed not from "warlike" mountaineers, but from ordinary citizens !!! The same political instructor Klochkov was an accountant before the war ... Most of the personnel were Kazakhs and Kyrgyz, for whom even a tractor was a novelty, not like planes and tanks.
    1. user
      user 24 December 2013 11: 31
      +4
      The most interesting thing in the history of the Panfilov division is the place and time of its formation (in the sense of the terms).
    2. Field
      Field 24 December 2013 12: 38
      +6
      Quote: buzer
      Most of the personnel were Kazakhs and Kyrgyz, for whom even the tractor was a curiosity, not like planes and tanks.

      28 panfilovtsev
      Klochkov Vasily Georgievich, Dobrobabin Ivan Evstafievich, Shepetkov Ivan Alekseevich, Kryuchkov Abram Ivanovich, Mitin Gavriil Stepanovich, Kasaev Alikbay, Petrenko Grigory Alekseevich, Esibulatov Narsutbay, Kalenikov Dmitry Mitrofovich, Natarov Shgorovit Dmitriy Moitovic, Mooryev Petrovich Ivanovich, Mooritov Davyemov, Ivanovich Petrovich Ivanovich Ivanov Duishenkul, Konkin Grigori, Shadrin Ivan Demidovich, EHKO Nicholas Yemtsov Peter Kuzmich, Kuzhebergenov Daniil Timofeev Dmitry Fomichev, Trofimov Nikolay Ignatievich Bondarenko Yakov, Vasily Larionov Romanovich, Belashev Nikolai Nikonorovich, Bezrodnyi Gregory Sengirbaev Musabek Maksimov Nikolay, Ananiev Nikolay ...
      1. demonuga
        demonuga 24 December 2013 15: 30
        +1
        I wonder where the majority of Kazakhs and Kyrgyz are here? 7-10 percent - yes.
    3. The comment was deleted.
      1. Yeraz
        Yeraz 24 December 2013 16: 04
        0
        Quote: air wolf
        Here it is necessary to say Glory to the multinational people of the USSR! To the dead - Eternal memory! Personally, I am for the last Union, except for the Balts and Azeris of course. Although I had one acquaintance of 10 Azeris, that one was nothing, and the rest is avno.

        First, write the name of the people correctly.
        Secondly, Azerbaijan is not eager to join your alliances. Yes, you feel sorry for yourself and hang yourself from little Chechnya, but there isn’t enough strength to support the largest and largest Muslim republic of the Caucasus, Aliyevs will appear with Kalashs with AZE numbers in the regions and that’s all.
        1. Field
          Field 26 December 2013 10: 26
          +1
          We already have these "Aliyevites" up to zh0 py, some have moved from here ...

          2 meters lower

          We don’t scream with akbar, we don’t cut heads, we don’t shoot into the air for nothing. We are law abiding people.
          We are digging in quietly, there was a cellar - but there is no tree growing.
      2. alone
        alone 24 December 2013 22: 10
        +4
        You say so as if we are begging to be accepted into the union)))
  8. Black
    Black 24 December 2013 14: 35
    +7
    Quote: Chicot 1
    This is the whole "heroic" combat bond of the "wild" division in short ...

    No ... not all. the author somehow shyly ignores the formation of Soviet power in the land of the Terek Cossacks, about the role that was assigned to the "Circassians" by the Bolshevik leaders. The villages along Sunzha were actually given to the highlanders for destruction.
    Would these "proud people" sit in the mountains .... but no ... now weddings are driving around Moscow. The clothes are modern, the customs are medieval.
    1. Field
      Field 24 December 2013 14: 47
      +3
      Yes, we know about their "heroism" about the same in the 90s was in the Czech Republic, especially young animals stood out for atrocities.
      And the "guarantor" obviously got something in his mouth about this.
      1. olegom
        olegom 24 December 2013 19: 19
        -4
        http://borisserdyk.livejournal.com/36346.html
        1. UmaR
          UmaR 24 December 2013 23: 43
          +3
          olegom

          Well, I was on this site, what can I say, cheap stuff created by the same cheap stuff no more, on which even koment can be written only to cheap lousy ones, this site was created for those who hate Caucasians, this division of 1918 didn’t exist at all!

          I, too, can create a website right tomorrow, and write all sorts of fables there ...
    2. smersh70
      smersh70 24 December 2013 14: 54
      +5
      Quote: Chen
      Would these "proud people" sit in the mountains .... but no ... now weddings are driving around Moscow. The clothes are modern, the customs are medieval.

      whoever, and a bald comb)))))))))) during the Wild Division there were no wedding processions with Gallenvagenami)))))) by the way at that time they were allowed to shoot not only during weddings .. and even in Moscow and In Petersburg)))))))
    3. olegom
      olegom 24 December 2013 19: 20
      -3
      In Ukraine, such numbers do not work - http://borisserdyk.livejournal.com/36346.html
  9. mango68
    mango68 24 December 2013 15: 30
    +2
    Quote: smersh70
    Quote: Chicot 1
    lay down on the units and units of the 58th army ...

    they saw how they were bombed ..... the whole column lay broken ... I already put a video on this topic, we won’t go further into this topic ..... but there was a workaround for the Vostok battalion leaving for Java created the prerequisites for a quiet entry the rest of the 58th army to South Ossetia ... trained fighters in local wars and operations always successfully fight and do their job. Another thing is large-scale wars - there are already numbers and again numbers ..
    .
    Quote: Chicot 1
    "in each barrel plug" is the explosive and airborne forces,

    Grachev also hoped for them in the first Chechen ... but the savages outplayed them .....


    Rave. Another myth replicated by the liberals.
  10. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 24 December 2013 16: 14
    +4
    I don’t understand something: “the wild, 1MB division is trying to prove heroic? But some time ago, there was an article on the same site where the author argued that the described,“ heroic feats ”of this“ division ”are more fiction For example, the story of the defeat of a wild division of the German, whether iron or steel divisions. But there is a single commonality in these two articles: the wild division, was distinguished by its cruelty to the prisoners and the peaceful population during the pursuit of the defeated Russian Army of the enemy. Also, this ,, division ,, distinguished It’s about stealing, for example, weapons. The officers of this ,, division ,, distinguished themselves in stealing salaries from lower ranks. So you can search this article in the archive and compare.
  11. Alexander I
    Alexander I 24 December 2013 16: 41
    +1
    A panicky retreat began, spurred on by the defeatist agitation of the Bolshevik agitators, first by units of the 11th Army, and then by the entire Southwestern Front. General P.N., who has just arrived at the front. Wrangel watched as “the“ democratized army ”, not wanting to shed its blood to“ save the conquests of the revolution, ”fled like a herd of sheep.
    You don’t have to hang all the dogs on the Bolsheviks, Russia was ruined by the whole world
  12. DON-100
    DON-100 24 December 2013 17: 09
    +3

    Officer A. Paletsky in August 1917 notes: “The Wild Division ... This is one of the most reliable military units - the pride of the Russian army ... Caucasians had full moral grounds for not taking any part in the Russian war. We took from the Caucasians all their beautiful mountains, their wildlife, the inexhaustible riches of this fertile country. But when the war broke out, the Caucasians voluntarily went to the defense of Russia and defended it wholeheartedly, not as an evil stepmother, but as a native mother ... All Caucasians are such : the true spirit of chivalry still lives in them - and they are not capable of betrayal, gifts from behind, from around the corner. Warriors of the Wild Division are not against Russia and Russian freedom. They fight together with the Russian army and in front of those, and they die most bravely for our freedom. ”
  13. olegom
    olegom 24 December 2013 19: 18
    -1
    And here is the "worthy" end of the wild division - http://borisserdyk.livejournal.com/36346.html
  14. Walking
    Walking 24 December 2013 20: 01
    +3
    There is no need to make heroes from the Wild Division, the whole Russian war was carried out by a Russian soldier, fighting on all fronts in the most difficult conditions, and the mountaineers were afraid of mobilization and scored them for only 1 division.
    1. Yeraz
      Yeraz 24 December 2013 20: 51
      +4
      Quote: Hiking
      There is no need to make heroes from the Wild Division, the whole Russian war was carried out by a Russian soldier, fighting on all fronts in the most difficult conditions, and the mountaineers were afraid of mobilization and scored them for only 1 division.

      Afraid of mobilization ???? Before you say something, find out more in detail you smart guy.
      Look at what set was and how many highlanders came.
      Example

      According to the Governor’s Elizavetpolsky (Ganja City in Azerbaijan) governor, by August 27, Muslim volunteers had enrolled in a regiment of over 2 thousand. Due to the fact that only 400 people were required, the recording was stopped
      As we see, only in one city of Azerbaijan there were 5 times more fighters than required.

      But the fact that the Muslims were afraid to call the army of Tsarist Russia a fact.
      1. Walking
        Walking 24 December 2013 21: 29
        -1
        Over 2000 volunteers signed up? And how many did not record? The article pointed out tens of thousands of people who were not mobilized just because they could go to the mountains as rebels, which was not advisable in war conditions.
        1. smersh70
          smersh70 24 December 2013 22: 51
          +3
          Quote: Hiking
          Over 2000 volunteers signed up?
          that’s written down, because for your information there was no mobilization among Muslims ... and mobilization is a forced act .. whether you want it or not ...... they say to you again, there was no mobilization .... and volunteers is a voluntary matter ...
        2. Yeraz
          Yeraz 25 December 2013 00: 12
          +2
          Quote: Hiking
          Over 2000 volunteers signed up? And how many did not record? The article pointed out tens of thousands of people who were not mobilized just because they could go to the mountains as rebels, which was not advisable in war conditions.

          Treat your head, if of course it is all possible.
          1. The comment was deleted.
      2. CHILD
        CHILD 24 December 2013 21: 44
        0
        they didn’t call .... and they did it right, there were reasons for people ... yes, now these reasons have not gone away .....
  15. Sour
    Sour 24 December 2013 21: 15
    +3
    Here is what AI wrote about the Wild Division. Denikin.
    Caucasian native division commanded by Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovich. It is better known under the name "Wild" and consisted of volunteers - North Caucasian highlanders. The desire to remove the most disturbed elements from the territory of the Caucasus was almost the exclusive reason for this formation. In any case, the epic pictures of the combat work of the "Wild" division pale against the general background of its primitive manners and Batyev's methods.
    Here is what Denikin Colonel A.A. wrote about parts from the Caucasian highlanders von Lampe. (specifically - about the Combined-Mountain Division)
    "In one village, 14 girls were raped by the 'liberators' in one night, one of them was killed. Good for the reputation of the Good Army! It is absolutely impossible to fix them, besides, Chief of the Grevs is too weak. It is necessary to disband these scoundrels, otherwise they will discredit the entire Army.
    1. Yarbay
      Yarbay 24 December 2013 23: 25
      0
      Quote: Sour
      Here is what AI wrote about the Wild Division. Denikin.

      So Denikin did not fight with them, but was just like you a near-minded person and a very weak commander!
      When the ADR Minister of Defense, General Mehmandarov, was informed that Denikin was approaching the borders of Azerbaijan, Mehmandarov told members of the government to work in the previous regime and that Denikin knew perfectly well who General Mehmandarov was and would not even dare to cross the border an inch! It happened!
      1. Yarbay
        Yarbay 25 December 2013 00: 30
        +1
        Quote: Yarbay
        When the Minister of Defense of the ADR General Mehmandarov

        By the way about General Mehmandarov you can read here!

        http://topwar.ru/28377-general-mehmandarov-samedbek.html
        1. Sour
          Sour 25 December 2013 13: 46
          -1
          And who is Mehmandarov? Traded tomatoes in the market? After all, it was no longer suitable for anything, judging by the surname.
          1. smersh70
            smersh70 25 December 2013 15: 07
            +1
            Quote: Sour
            And who is Mehmandarov?

            Well, if you have not heard about him ... I feel sorry for you ... honestly ........
            The new rise of the military career of the general was associated with the First World War 1914 – 1918, and his participation in the events of that war was not only heroic, but also legendary. He met with the war as commander of the 215 Infantry Division of the 35 of the Caucasian Army Corps as part of the Warsaw Military District. This was unusual for absolutely everything: the artillery general commanded the Caucasian infantry in 2 thousand km to the north of NNUMX west of the Caucasus! But this circumstance did not affect the commanding talent of Mehmandarov: with his victories he proved that an artilleryman at the head of the infantry could successfully smash the enemy. [u] Only in one Galician 5 battle of the year, he consistently defeated the German and Austrian troops in three combat operations, for which he was awarded the Order of St. George 1914-th degree and Georgievsky weapons, decorated with diamonds, and promoted to the rank of artillery (and this again for the command of the infantry).
            In the history of the Russian Imperial Army, General Mehmandarov was a unique commander who received the Golden and St. George weapons “For Courage” (with diamonds). Before Mehmandarov, none of the military generals received such an honor, and only eight people had Georgievsky weapons with diamonds. In December 1914, Mehmandarov was appointed commander of the 2nd Caucasian Army Corps, at the head of which he defeated the German and Austro-Hungarian forces more than once. that he was awarded all the highest awards, including the second most important in the hierarchy of orders of the Russian Empire, the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky with swords. The corps of General Mehmandarov did not know defeats and was assigned to the most dangerous and responsible sectors of the front
            1. Field
              Field 26 December 2013 10: 29
              0
              So the Soviet man was, read Russian culture, at least military
      2. Sour
        Sour 25 December 2013 13: 44
        -1
        Yes, you yourself are a narrow-minded person. And die near, Caucasian hamloe.
        1. smersh70
          smersh70 25 December 2013 15: 08
          -1
          Quote: Sour
          Yes, you yourself are a narrow-minded person. And die near, Caucasian hamloe.

          I would answer right now ....... but the rules forbid ... learn history. and read more ....... hi
  16. Walking
    Walking 24 December 2013 21: 32
    +1
    Quote: abrakadabre
    I don't want to seem politically incorrect wink, but in the photo of the representatives of the "Wild" division, recruited from the mountaineers, presented in the article, I do not see a single clearly expressed face of Caucasian nationality. Or is it my optical illusion? Or off-topic photo? Or has the phenotype in the Caucasus changed since then?


    It is entirely possible that these were not highlanders, but Cossacks of the Caucasian, Kuban or Terek troops, they also wore Circassians.
  17. DON-100
    DON-100 24 December 2013 22: 01
    +3
    Ingush from the Wild Division.
  18. DON-100
    DON-100 24 December 2013 22: 51
    +2
    Balkar horsemen from the Kabardian regiment.
  19. DON-100
    DON-100 24 December 2013 22: 55
    +3
    Dagestanis.
  20. rodevaan
    rodevaan 25 December 2013 03: 48
    +3
    Quote: abrakadabre
    I don't want to seem politically incorrect wink, but in the photo of the representatives of the "Wild" division, recruited from the mountaineers, presented in the article, I do not see a single clearly expressed face of Caucasian nationality. Or is it my optical illusion? Or off-topic photo? Or has the phenotype in the Caucasus changed since then?


    - I want to clarify this seemingly nondescript, but in fact a very interesting remark! The fact is that not everyone in the Caucasus, as you say, is a person of a pronounced "Caucasian nationality". I saw a lot of Chechens and Dagestanis, who differed little from the Russians, and Russians who really looked like "people of bright Caucasian nationality." Now the "face of Caucasian nationality" is more a stereotype than a reflection of reality. Of course, hairy ones like monkeys, and having common eyebrows on the floor of the face are also there, but I emphasize - not all! At the military department, when I was studying at the university, we had an Ossetian Arsen with us - who would ideally fit the propaganda image of the ideal soldier of the Wehrmacht, or the real Russian warrior of the times of Dmitry Donskoy - natural light blond color, blue eyes, regular facial features, wavy hair, straight nose ... If I didn’t know who Ramzan Kadyrov was, then seeing this man in a city crowd, I would have thought that this is an ordinary Russian man - a light red beard, blonde hair, gray-green eyes ... I have seen both Chechen women and Dagestan women - and believe me, not all have a total resemblance to Uzbeks or Tajiks, who have fused eyebrows, beards and sideburns like those of the tsarist generals of the late 19th century :))) These are completely different things. And they are not the same thing. Therefore, do not be surprised that the photo depicts people who differ little in essence from the Russians. As for the phenotype, this is also the case, because in Russia everything has already been mixed so that the genes from impurities also make themselves felt.
    The Caucasus has not been a part of Russia for a very short time, and for such a short period of time, both the Russians and the Caucasians have not yet finished grinding in, plus the weak-willed actions of the authorities (tsarist / Soviet / Russian) towards the Caucasus, and plus very different cultures - do not provide an opportunity for more peaceful and calm coexistence. Nevertheless, all this still goes. Time erases all boundaries and differences. Residents of mountain and dense auls descend from the mountains, assimilate in the cities on the plain, their children will no longer be so wild and aggressive, and we will probably no longer distinguish grandchildren from Russians. The sharply patriarchal and archaic foundations and customs in the Caucasus will weaken; this will not go anywhere. Whether we want it or not, but living within the same country, we will be forced to assimilate. I ask you not to confuse the Caucasian and Central Asian peoples (it is their black appearance that is often confused stereotypically and awarded with all sorts of nicknames and immigrants from the Caucasus) - this is far from the same thing. Caucasians are more like Russians. Purely own observations. The task of our leadership is not easy - to bring as close as possible and give these people a civilization, WITHIN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION! Otherwise, the Caucasus will be Turkish.
    Now many wild and unbridled antics of people from wild auls are sharply unpleasant for us. But time will pass and the grandchildren and great-grandchildren of these people, assimilated in Russia and born not in a dense aul, but in civilization will be completely different. I myself know some people who have Caucasian roots, but have long become Russian in mentality, conversation and lifestyle.
  21. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 25 December 2013 06: 51
    +3
    Can it be, can it be !? May God give you a bottle of cognac and a good snack if it is real. Koreans live on Sakhalin since the days of 2M.Vsjako has happened and sometimes, in relations with them, but mainly our Koreans, they are Sakhaliners! They say in Russian (under the Soviet regime, the Korean language was not forbidden (there were Korean schools, Korean newspapers), but, behind the scenes, it was not particularly encouraged), I suppose many people think in Russian (although Korean cultural centers are strongly promoting Korean youth to study Korean ), they observe Korean customs, but adhere to Many Russian obychaev.No s90h's Sakhalin flooded crowd (Turks) stantsev.Vot about them I am absolutely sure they will never be Russian ,, mentality, conversation and lifestyle ,,
  22. DON-100
    DON-100 25 December 2013 09: 45
    0
    On February 17, 1915, the Petrograd Telegraph Agency transmitted an official telegram from Headquarters, in which it was a question of the "Caucasian highlanders" in connection with their military affairs in the ranks of the Caucasian Cavalry Division:
    "In Eastern Galicia, events are developing everywhere in accordance with our assumptions. Our Caucasian highlanders instill fear in the Hungarians ... Highlanders resolutely refuse to cede the leadership to anyone under enemy fire.
    No one should be allowed to claim that the mountaineer is fighting behind his back. The psychology of the mountaineers in relation to battle formations decisively brings them closer to the knights, who could be forced to fight only on the basis of combat equality in a single-ranked formation. "
    In his report to Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovich, Colonel Count Vorontsov-Dashkov, admired by the courage of the horsemen of the Kabardinsky and 2nd Dagestan horse regiments, wrote:
    "With a feeling of special satisfaction I must note the heroic work of the regiments of the division entrusted to Your Imperial Highness. Drenched from the pouring rain that has been going on all night, weakened from a 4-day" hurry ", the riders, on the soil viscous from the rain, are staunch and slender walked forward under a hail of bullets, almost not lying down, and trembling embraced the enemy, who could not withstand such a rapid attack.
    Some horsemen - Dagestanis, in order to advance faster, took off their boots and fled barefoot into the attack. Almost no prisoners were taken: the riders were embittered by the behavior of the Austrians, raising their hands, throwing out the white flags and then shooting ours from close distances; officers with difficulty managed to snatch from the hands of the riders about 20 Austrians belonging to all four battalions of the 97th Imperial Regiment, to the 7th Dragoon and 11th Hussars. "
    Breshko-Vreshkovsky spoke with admiration about how boldly the mountaineers rush into attacks on enemy infantry, machine guns and even artillery:
    "They rush like a spontaneous, furious avalanche, artistically working with a razor sharp dagger against bayonets and butts ... and miracles are told about these attacks. Austrians have long called the Caucasian eagles" devils in furry hats. " , so far from any common European military uniform, the Caucasians panic the enemy ... "

    1917-th
  23. mango68
    mango68 25 December 2013 15: 01
    +1
    Quote: DON-100
    On February 17, 1915, the Petrograd Telegraph Agency transmitted an official telegram from Headquarters, in which it was a question of the "Caucasian highlanders" in connection with their military affairs in the ranks of the Caucasian Cavalry Division:
    "In Eastern Galicia, events are developing everywhere in accordance with our assumptions. Our Caucasian highlanders instill fear in the Hungarians ... Highlanders resolutely refuse to cede the leadership to anyone under enemy fire.
    No one should be allowed to claim that the mountaineer is fighting behind his back. The psychology of the mountaineers in relation to battle formations decisively brings them closer to the knights, who could be forced to fight only on the basis of combat equality in a single-ranked formation. "
    In his report to Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovich, Colonel Count Vorontsov-Dashkov, admired by the courage of the horsemen of the Kabardinsky and 2nd Dagestan horse regiments, wrote:
    "With a feeling of special satisfaction I must note the heroic work of the regiments of the division entrusted to Your Imperial Highness. Drenched from the pouring rain that has been going on all night, weakened from a 4-day" hurry ", the riders, on the soil viscous from the rain, are staunch and slender walked forward under a hail of bullets, almost not lying down, and trembling embraced the enemy, who could not withstand such a rapid attack.
    Some horsemen - Dagestanis, in order to advance faster, took off their boots and fled barefoot into the attack. Almost no prisoners were taken: the riders were embittered by the behavior of the Austrians, raising their hands, throwing out the white flags and then shooting ours from close distances; officers with difficulty managed to snatch from the hands of the riders about 20 Austrians belonging to all four battalions of the 97th Imperial Regiment, to the 7th Dragoon and 11th Hussars. "
    Breshko-Vreshkovsky spoke with admiration about how boldly the mountaineers rush into attacks on enemy infantry, machine guns and even artillery:
    "They rush like a spontaneous, furious avalanche, artistically working with a razor sharp dagger against bayonets and butts ... and miracles are told about these attacks. Austrians have long called the Caucasian eagles" devils in furry hats. " , so far from any common European military uniform, the Caucasians panic the enemy ... "

    1917-th


    You love all sorts of fairy tales and other fictional fictions (I was especially pleased with the "sent the official telegram"). It is better to take the information on the personnel of the "wild divisions" and then many questions about the phenotype will disappear. However, it doesn't seem to help you.
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