Military Review

Military transport aircraft Airbus A400M

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The Airbus A400M is a modern, four-engined turboprop military transport aircraft manufactured by Airbus Military. It is assumed that there will also be a civilian version of the machine. The first copy of the A400M was shown in Seville 26 June 2008. The first flight of the aircraft took place on December 11 2009. The company plans to release 30 aircraft per year. The first serial military transport aircraft Airbus A400M should be transferred to the French Air Force.


In total, as of March 2013, 174 of this type of aircraft was ordered. Of these, the 53 aircraft is intended for the German Air Force, the French Air Force - 50 machines, for Spain - 27 and the United Kingdom - 22. In addition, the aircraft was ordered for the needs of the Air Forces of Belgium, Turkey, Luxembourg and Malaysia. The press also appeared information about the interest in the aircraft of the Kazakh military, who wanted to buy 2 aircraft. Initially, the number of ordered cars exceeded 200, but then Italy withdrew from this project, and the number of aircraft ordered decreased.

The agreement to develop a single European military transport aircraft was signed more than 30 years ago - back in 1982, however, due to disagreements between participating countries and manufacturing companies, the project was temporarily postponed. In 2003, Belgium, Great Britain, Germany, Spain, Italy, Luxembourg, Turkey and France signed a joint agreement to acquire A212M military transport aircraft from EADS 400.

Military transport aircraft Airbus A400M

The cost of implementing the project of creating a new military transport aircraft in life amounted to 20 billion euros. At the same time, the concern requested from 7 European purchasing countries additional 5 billion euros for the completion of A400M. The first flight of the aircraft was scheduled for January 2008 of the year, and it was planned to put the aircraft into operation in the 2009 year. However, the date of the first flight was originally postponed to July, and then to September 2008. Already in September, representatives of the developer’s company announced the delay in the first flight of the car for an indefinite period, until the engines were fully developed. As a result, the car rose into the air very late - at the very end of 2009 of the year.

In 2013, the first production aircraft began to enter service with the French Air Force. Aircraft deliveries began in the 3 quarter of the year. Interestingly, Airbus Military, together with other project participants - Flabel (Belgium) and Turkish Aerospace Industries (Turkey) - concluded that in the era of limiting military budgets and other expenses, any military aircraft must perform several different tasks at once. In addition to its main transport function, a new European aircraft was created from the very beginning as an air tanker. Thus, it will not only be able to replace the C-2013 military transport aircraft, but also be able to carry out aerial refueling of other aircraft even more efficiently.


Mainly, the Airbus A400M wide-body military transport aircraft (MTC) is intended to replace the outdated C-130 and C-160 aircraft of the first modifications in Europe - members of the NATO military bloc. The aircraft is being created under the FLA (Future Large Aircraft) program in broad European cooperation. As conceived by the creators, the new aircraft must provide for the transfer of troops and various cargoes, their landing by landing or parachute method at any time of the day, in any weather conditions. The aircraft can also be used with unprepared runways, even unpaved. The plane was supposed to fly at a sufficiently high subsonic speed, including in the group and at low altitudes. Provides for the reservation of the cockpit and all vital aircraft systems. As a means of protection, the installation of EW system containers on 4 is provided for the wing pylons, and the pylons can also be used to install special suspended devices on them for refueling aircraft in the air.

According to developers, the Airbus A400M PTS should have a service life of at least 30 years, and the operating temperature range extends from + 50 to –50 degrees Celsius. All systems and systems of the onboard radio-electronic equipment (avionics) of the aircraft must be combined with a multiplex data distribution bus (1553 B standard). The new military transport aircraft is a wide-body monoplane with a high-wing, tail-shaped, T-shaped tail and a cargo ramp located at the rear of the vehicle’s fuselage. In the design of the aircraft are widely used modern composite materials and various units and units of modular type.


The structure of the power plant of the aircraft was planned to include a 4 turboprop engine with a capacity of at least 13 thousand hp. each. The main role was considered a variant of a promising aircraft engine TP400-D1 M88, which is a joint development of MTU (Germany), SNECMA (France), ITP (Spain) and Fiat Avia (Italy). The engine was created on the basis of the gas generator of the МХNUMX double-circuit turbojet engine, which is used on modern French tactical fighters "Rafale". At the beginning of 88, the companies participating in the project agreed to create a new enterprise - TIP (Turboprop International), whose main task was the development, bringing to mind and mass production of TP2000-D400 M1 engines. Subsequently, as the main engine was selected TP88-D400, with a capacity of 6 thousand hp The use of these engines allows you to achieve the specified tactical and technical characteristics of the machine.

The planned composition of the Airbus A400M avionics will consist of a modern radar, high-precision navigation system and promising means of displaying information in the cockpit ("glass cockpit"). It is planned to install information display equipment on the cockpit windshield, as well as various multifunctional color indicators. It is also planned to have a built-in control system, which, according to the aircraft makers, will be able to significantly reduce the load on the crew of the vehicle and reduce it all to 2-s.


The volume of the cargo compartment of the ATS of the A400M will be on the order of 340 м3, which is almost two times more than the aircraft of similar purpose used in Europe. Such dimensions will allow all the main types of weapons and military equipment to be placed in the cargo compartment without preliminary disassembly, including A.129, AN-64, Tiger, HNH-90 helicopters, artillery, including 203-mm howitzer M110A, armored personnel carriers and multiple rocket launchers. The maximum carrying capacity of the aircraft is 37 tons.

According to the calculations of the creators of the new military-technical cooperation, the promising vehicle will have improved performance and high combat effectiveness in comparison with the currently existing tactical military transport planes. Thanks to an improved chassis design and its take-off and landing characteristics, the new aircraft will be able to take off / land even from unprepared ground sites up to 900 meters in length, as well as perform maneuvers with a small turning radius. Also on the basis of А-400М it is planned to develop a version of a transport-refueling aircraft with several filling points. The developers believe that, having onboard up to 41 tons of fuel delivered, the aircraft will be able to patrol for 3 hours at a distance of about 900 km from the airfield of its home base.


26 June 2008 of the year in the small town of San Pablo, located not far from Seville, in Spain, at the CASA aircraft factory, which is part of EADS, the rollout ceremony of the first prototype of the MTC Airbus A400M was held. The components of the aircraft are made in Germany, Britain, France, Turkey, South Africa, and the final assembly is made in Spain. In the future, EADS will build about 400 aircraft of this type. The solemn event on the occasion of the first assembled aircraft was attended by Spanish King Juan Carlos I.

A400M flight performance:
Dimensions: wingspan - 42,40 m, length - 45,1 m, height - 14,7 m, wing area - 221,5 m2.
The maximum take-off weight of the aircraft is 141 000 kg, the empty mass is 70 000 kg.
The power plant - 4 TVD Europrop International TP400-D6 with power 4 x11000 HP
Cruising speed - 780 km / h.
Practical ceiling - 11 280 m.
Practical range - 7 220 km.
Ferry range - 9260 km.
Crew - 2-3 people.
The payload is up to 37 0000 kg of cargo or 41 000 kg of fuel, up to 120 paratrooper soldiers or 66 stretcher with wounded plus accompanying.

Information sources:
http://airspot.ru/catalogue/item/airbus-a400m-fla
http://bastion-karpenko.ru/a400m
http://www.arms-expo.ru/053049049048124051050048050054.html
http://thebrigade.thechive.com/2013/12/15/a400m-atlas-in-high-res-48-hq-photos (фото)





















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  1. saag
    saag 18 December 2013 08: 59
    +1
    Something there at yesterday’s press conference, Yanukovych said about the testing and production of the An-70, I don’t know how much this will be realized
  2. core
    core 18 December 2013 09: 56
    +4
    bring the An-70 to a series of futile, there is no market. the geyropa does not need it, and Russia will not risk buying in Ukraine. We are friends today, tomorrow not. sorry and the plane is very good.
    1. washi
      washi 18 December 2013 10: 43
      0
      Quote: core
      bring the An-70 to a series of futile, there is no market. the geyropa does not need it, and Russia will not risk buying in Ukraine. We are friends today, tomorrow not. sorry and the plane is very good.

      An-70 was in the series. Only modernization is needed.
      It was about the An-124 with D-18T engines and their modifications.
      Recently (after the Airbus A 380-800 flight) I was interested in: was the passenger version of the Mriya possible if the USSR had survived?
      1. FID
        FID 18 December 2013 11: 09
        +5
        Quote: Vasya
        Was the passenger version of the Mriya possible if the USSR had survived?

        Hardly. It really hurts a specific plane. Here is the passenger version of the IL-96-400 - yes, it could have taken place. Frigate Ecojet may be held, but .... Our aircraft industry is in a deep crisis.
        1. Srgsoap
          Srgsoap 18 December 2013 12: 57
          0
          Sergei welcome! You have not been heard for a very long time. In general, has our civil aviation industry remained? You know how you look at a photo from a factory, you can shoot an apocalypse film without any scenery. Alas.
          1. FID
            FID 18 December 2013 14: 56
            +4
            Quote: SrgSoap
            You know how you look at a photo from a factory, you can shoot an apocalypse film without any scenery. Alas

            You look at the photos, and I go to these factories on business trips. For over 30 years ... The last 15 years of experience ... you know what.
      2. core
        core 18 December 2013 14: 43
        0
        What series was he in? two test specimens? and two for min. defense of Ukraine, and that is not a fact.
    2. Akim
      Akim 18 December 2013 11: 19
      +2
      Quote: core
      bring the An-70 to a series of futile, no market

      There are markets. And in Asia and in Africa and in South America. But the project is joint and Russia has not yet come out with it.
      1. AVV
        AVV 18 December 2013 11: 45
        +2
        But the production of the An-70 will be launched only when the situation in Ukraine is stabilized, who wants to risk investments !!! Ukraine tells Russia let's work together, but our choice remains the same - Eurointegration !!! It’s the same as the bride says to the groom, dear, let's sign up at the registry office, and I will have your first wedding night and the following nights with your friend! Do you mind ???
      2. core
        core 18 December 2013 15: 03
        0
        China is building its own aircraft; India, together with Russia, is developing. other markets are microscopic, for one two aircraft. in some countries of Asia, the entire army will fit on this plane. soldier
        1. FID
          FID 18 December 2013 15: 21
          +1
          Quote: core
          India, together with Russia, is developing.

          Hindus themselves are likely to build a plane. UAC only deals with conversations, but sells ready-made developments.
          1. core
            core 18 December 2013 16: 18
            0
            but the fact is, the Indians do not need the Ukrainian An-70, without a license for production and for the money.
            1. Akim
              Akim 18 December 2013 16: 30
              +2
              Quote: core
              and for that kind of money

              According to the price list, it is 1,5 times cheaper than Busik.
              1. FID
                FID 18 December 2013 16: 43
                +2
                Who will order? Even if the price is lower. And who will put avionics? EDSU and self-propelled guns Russian ...
                1. Akim
                  Akim 18 December 2013 18: 50
                  +2
                  Quote: SSI
                  And who will put avionics? EDSU and self-propelled guns Russian ..

                  That is why it is not yet realistic. The A400M is also not entirely French, but components are supplied. What prevents Russia, even if it leaves the project, to supply its parts on the plane to its own advantage. You yourself have criticized Sergei C / J. Nevertheless, there are not many domestic components there, but they are promoting it like a Russian plane.
                  1. FID
                    FID 18 December 2013 19: 18
                    +2
                    Quote: Akim
                    You yourself have criticized Sergei C / J.

                    And I will criticize. An-70 is a very decent car, very decent and with its own niche, but ... The crisis, you know. The MO will not pull two transporters, the IL-476 is touted as a NEW Russian aircraft (although this is a deep modernization of the IL-76), games are being conducted with the IL-112, which our military also seems to need, but whether or not to build it is a question. KLA is a very strange office, strange. That is why, I believe that the An-70 will not be, although very sorry, very much.
                    1. Akim
                      Akim 18 December 2013 20: 15
                      +1
                      Quote: SSI
                      games are underway with the Il-112,

                      By the way, the Il-112V may have a Ukrainian engine
                      http://boguslayev.com.ua/news/312-Legkiy-voenno-transportnyiy-samolet-Il-112V-mo

                      zhet-byit-osnaschen-razrabatyivaemyim-v-Zaporozhe-turbovintovyim-dvigatelem-povy

                      ishennoy-moschnosti.html

                      As for the Russian BTA. The word of your military has more and more weight. And Shamans wants An-70.
                      1. FID
                        FID 18 December 2013 20: 21
                        0
                        Quote: Akim
                        By the way, the Il-112V may have a Ukrainian engine

                        Under Peter, the Klimov company built a TV7-117V motor. It is planned to put it on the IL-112. Something like this.
              2. core
                core 18 December 2013 19: 04
                0
                according to the price the price is like that of a si-130
  3. Vld
    Vld 18 December 2013 10: 41
    +2
    In February, the state tests of the An-70 should be completed, then Russia will decide on this project, plus something should change in foreign policy. I think Ukraine itself can order several planes ..
  4. sevtrash
    sevtrash 18 December 2013 11: 37
    0
    It would be interesting to compare the A400 with the AN70, C17, IL76 and not only in terms of carrying capacity, but also in terms of economic efficiency, service, and maintenance costs. In Ruslan, the crew is 2 pilots, plus 4 more people are flight engineers, mechanics, radio operators, navigators. This is not counting those who work with the load. Airbus has only 2 pilots. Already on this savings. And then the cost of maintenance, I read that An124 is much more expensive in service than C5.
    1. sapran
      sapran 18 December 2013 11: 43
      0
      interesting offer. But it was not once carried out ...
      With the exception of price and time, the A400 is a very decent car. Although talking with an assistant German military attache was a cloud of complaints against the French (price, terms, specifications) sounds ridiculous, but he spoke very negatively about breaking up cooperation with Antonov in the A-400 crawl (they had serious logistics problems when sending troops to Afghanistan )
    2. FID
      FID 18 December 2013 11: 44
      +6
      Quote: sevtrash
      Airbus has only 2 pilots.

      You yourself have listed the cabin crew. The VTA plane cannot cost only two pilots, it cannot. Who will be responsible for loading, securing cargo, etc.? I agree that navigators can be dispensed with, but what about a mechanical engineer when landing at unequipped airfields?
      1. sapran
        sapran 18 December 2013 11: 52
        +1
        Do not tell me on the An-72 there 2 or 4 crew members? and then 2 comes to mind, and after reading your post, I thought about the engineer ... On the An-178 crew 2 people (for now)
        1. FID
          FID 18 December 2013 11: 57
          +2
          This is only a flight crew - 2 people. For citizens, the crew changes the plane like gloves. Yes, and the crews themselves are formed before departure, that flight, that cabin (stewardesses and stewards). For the military - the plane and crew are fixed, at least with us. A flight crew is a flight crew, but someone must be responsible for the serviceability of the aircraft ....
        2. sevtrash
          sevtrash 18 December 2013 13: 13
          0
          Quote: sapran
          Do not tell me on the An-72 there 2 or 4 crew members? and then 2 comes to mind, and after reading your post I thought about the engineer ...

          On the site of the Antonovites, 3 people are indicated, for 2 pilots there is still a flight engineer. In the English-Russian-Ukrainian Wikipedia - 3-5.
          I think the Antonovites know better.
      2. vtur
        vtur 21 December 2013 10: 25
        0
        Quote: SSI
        A BTA plane cannot cost only two pilots,

        Here's an interesting movie about the C-130 skiing:
        http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nT-R_zX7Yyw
        Lockheed LC-130 Skibirds Mighty Planes Full Episode
        In what quantity the crew flies to complete missions and how many planes are needed for this; how heroically overcome difficulties, etc. People close to transport aircraft will be surprised to raise their eyebrows at some points ...
  5. abrakadabre
    abrakadabre 18 December 2013 13: 13
    +3
    A little bit about the plane: I liked the photos, where there is turbulence with screws and tips. Photographer a big offset. Very beautiful and clear.
    good
    1. Algor73
      Algor73 18 December 2013 19: 32
      +1
      This is not a photo. This is a frame from rapid shooting (accelerated shooting).
      1. abrakadabre
        abrakadabre 19 December 2013 10: 05
        0
        Yes, even a watercolor or daguerreotype on the pavement. All the same, a very clear image of such a phenomenon.
        hi
  6. xomaNN
    xomaNN 18 December 2013 20: 13
    0
    Good machine for NATO. How naive and baseless were the attempts of the Ukrainian authorities to push the An-70 instead. They wouldn’t buy from strangers, even if the An-70 were no worse, despite the fact that it’s probably cheaper repeat
    1. FID
      FID 18 December 2013 20: 24
      +4
      Quote: xomaNN
      Good machine for NATO. How naive and baseless were the attempts of the Ukrainian authorities to push the An-70 instead

      A-400M is the An-70. Ukrainians in the 90s, together with Airbus, were planning to build this aircraft, but Europeans, having received developments from Ukraine, simply threw Ukrainians ....
      1. Alex 241
        Alex 241 18 December 2013 20: 33
        +3
        Hi Seryozha. Today there are several versions on this subject.

        First: “Ukrainian experts were sent to Germany, to whom the ANTK leadership also paid good money so that they would lay out all the ideology and all the capabilities of the An-70.”

        Second: "The history of" cooperation "between Ukraine and European countries on the design of this aircraft has become perhaps the most brilliant of European countries’s intelligence operations against Ukraine in terms of technical espionage."

        Third: “During the tender, some of the drawings on the An-70 migrated to the West: either they were stolen, or sold, or, in anticipation of victory, they themselves discovered too much information.”

        Fourth: “During all this work, the An-70 continued to be a secret aircraft, key information on which was not disclosed. That is, of course, when considering various items of the ECT, I had to answer the question of whether the aircraft based on the An-70 will be able to fulfill this requirement or not. However, methods for achieving specific characteristics were not disclosed, calculation methods were not shown, construction details were not discussed, technical documentation was not transmitted. ”

        Fifth: At a press conference at the Airbus Militari at the ILA2000 Air Show, corporation president Richard Thompson said: “I can assure you that the information we received was not used in any way in our project and had no effect on it.”

        Sixth: “The President of Motor Sich Production Association, Vyacheslav Boguslaev, during the international exhibition Engines 2012 stated that we“ have been torturing the An-70 transport for twenty years in cooperation with Russia. During this time, in Europe they made a clone accurate to the centimeter - an A400M aircraft. Fortunately, they could not copy the engine. Therefore, the French car does not reach the declared characteristics and raises the load by 10 tons less. "

        Whatever it was, but at the Le Bourget-13 space show, the An-70 and A400M looked like twin brothers. If you put them side by side, then the layman could distinguish between these aircraft except in color. As one amateur photographer jokingly remarked, even with a simple overlay of slides, their outlines coincide. And the demonstration flights were similar.
        1. FID
          FID 18 December 2013 20: 40
          +2
          Hello Sasha! So we met! Yes, the story is dark, but the Europeans did not make such machines before the An-70.
          1. Alex 241
            Alex 241 18 December 2013 20: 45
            0
            Serezha comes to mind only the American S-130, and the leadership of watermelons said that it would impede the progress of the An-70.
            1. FID
              FID 18 December 2013 20: 51
              +1
              Ours will not build it. We do not have a single order for his avionics, not even the next year.
              1. Alex 241
                Alex 241 18 December 2013 20: 58
                +2
                On this occasion, Serezha, someone is going to cooperate with Ukraine on this topic, but who has not been disclosed.
  7. Alexey Prikazchikov
    Alexey Prikazchikov 18 December 2013 20: 36
    0
    Whenever it is in the Russian Federation it will be just as beautiful. I hope ...
  8. ramsi
    ramsi 18 December 2013 21: 00
    +1
    who would lucidly explain the advantage of a turboprop over a jet engine ... No, well, it’s clear with a helicopter, but in an airplane version - does that really make sense?
    1. FID
      FID 18 December 2013 21: 07
      +2
      Fuel, turboprop more economical than jet. High speed is not needed, not afraid of contaminated streaks ....
      1. Alex 241
        Alex 241 18 December 2013 21: 29
        +1
        .................................................. .......................
        1. FID
          FID 18 December 2013 21: 37
          +1
          I hope that asking about the merits will be satisfied ...
          1. ramsi
            ramsi 18 December 2013 22: 08
            0
            so no, the fig did not understand. In terms of speed - 700 km / h - apparently a natural limit, and a large one will be to the detriment of efficiency (although 700, too); in terms of flight - the jet is clearly streamlined at all speeds; start from the spot - maybe this is the only advantage in terms of takeoff run and load capacity? ..
  9. fedorovith
    fedorovith 18 December 2013 21: 20
    +2
    How much does not surprise and will not surprise the venality of our crafters.
  10. Beiderlei
    Beiderlei 7 January 2015 17: 07
    0
    My favorite!!!!!!!!!!!!!
  11. tivubu94
    tivubu94 11 May 2015 07: 25
    0
    It crashed on May 9, 2015! -)) On the day of the victory over the Hitlerites! -)) How dramatic, and as a lesson to NATO.