Military Review

France cuts off pieces of African pie

26
December 5 François Hollande announced the start of military intervention in the Central African Republic. The president promised to double or more than double the French contingent in the CAR. On the same day, members of the UN Security Council unanimously voted in support of military intervention in the CARs. The need for an invasion was due to the fact that in the spring of 2013, power in the country was taken over by Michelle Dzhotodiya, who arbitrarily declared himself president, and the country was seized by unrest, accompanied by armed clashes. The number of dead goes to hundreds.




In Hollande, words and deeds differ only in eight cases out of ten. He promised to raise the economy in the country - it did not work out. He promised to improve the life of the proletariat — it did not take place (the workers even call this socialist a “traitor”). With pension reform ... However, without this, everyone knows that Hollande has a record low rating. But Hollande swore to gays that he would give them rights and freedoms - and he gave them. And now he said that he would arrange an intervention in the Central African Republic - and he did it.

Of course, the Central African Republic is not Syria. The President gave the word to double the contingent - and even exceeded the promise. December 5 was in the CAR 650 French soldiers - from December 6 it became 1600.

France was a little helped by the United States. It is the American military transport aviation transferred the French armed forces from Burundi to the Central African Republic.

According to the UN mandate, France and the African Union have half a year to restore order in the African Republic.

On the evening of December 10, Francois Hollande spoke to the soldiers in Bangui, and the French Minister of Defense Jean-Yves Le Drian delivered a speech on 13 on the occasion of the peacemakers. The fact is that the French have already suffered their first losses. On the night of December 10, two soldiers killed in a shootout near Bangui Airport died in the CAR.

Recall that earlier, in January 2013, the French troops entered Mali.

Sophie Dejardan, euronews channel, Interviewed by Francois Sudan, editor-in-chief of the Wife Afrik newspaper. In particular, the expert explained the difference between the invasion of the French in Mali and the operation in the CAR:

“First of all, the difference is in what France looks like. We were told about the genocide. This is not entirely true, but it was necessary to use extremely strong words to justify this intervention in the eyes of public opinion. This is the first. The second difference is who the French should fight against and whom to disarm. In Mali, everything was very simple: they were AKMI and Mudjao jihadist groups. Here it is the Seleka grouping, but also its opponents. Therefore, France is forced to fight on two fronts. And finally, the third, very important difference in what happens next. In Mali, everything was simple, there was a political class there and it was possible to hold elections in a fairly short time. There is nothing like that in the CARs. ”


Perhaps one of the constituent interests of France in the CARs is economic? Yes. And it does not hide.

“... And besides, France has some economic interests in Central Africa. Do not forget that there is uranium there, which means that the interests of Areva. The problem is that you need to prepare for a very long and expensive operation. ”


We will listen to other experts. Their opinions are given by Sergey Duz ("Voice of Russia").

Tatyana Zvereva, head of the Center for Euro-Atlantic Studies and International Security at the Institute of Topical International Problems of the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry, finds several prerequisites for French interest in Africa.

European countries have long had connections with many former African colonies. This fully applies to France. More General de Gaulle achieved a bilateral agreement, in accordance with which France, leaving Africa ... did not leave. Paris prepared representatives of the local elite, and French firms received preferences in local markets. Yes, and French entrenched in the former colonies. Today, Paris is interested in the development of old ties, since it needs not only a sales market for its goods, but also African mineral deposits, the expert believes.

But what the head of the Center for French Studies at the Institute of Europe, RAS, Yuri Rubinsky, thinks:

“The last two operations involving the French armed forces in Mali and the Central African Republic have been approved by the UN Security Council. Russia would hardly support actions that diverge from the goals and objectives of the United Nations, but pursue the egoistic goal of restoring the influence of the former metropolis in its African possessions.

Indeed, the activity of France in Africa has increased over the past year. And this is due to several reasons. First, France has serious problems in the main direction of its foreign policy and foreign economic interests - in the EU. By increasing its activity outside Europe, but in a region closely connected with the continent, France, as it were, compensates for a certain decrease in its capabilities.

Secondly, France is concerned about the fact that its influence is declining under pressure from the United States and China. Today they are the main players in the struggle for the resources of Africa, for its markets. By the way, Africa has good economic and demographic perspectives. So the struggle is for an important bridgehead. France demonstrates that she has not left and will not leave Africa. She is going to expand her position. But at the expense of whom? This is how it goes. ”


Thus, all the same markets, all the same economy, covered by the UN mandate and the slogans of restoring law and order and democracy. Yuri Rubinsky cites another example of French politics - in Côte d'Ivoire. There, under the pretext of protecting their citizens in a civil war, France supported one of the candidates in the presidential election.

As for the intervention in the CARs, it is difficult to predict whether or not the terrorist international can be defeated there and the control of vast territories established with the help of small armed forces.

On the other hand, we note, France does not act alone - and from the very beginning it was not eager to take on a mission exclusively for itself. Moreover, Hollande constantly asked for help from Western countries: from Great Britain, from Germany and other EU countries. According to him, "terrorism knows no boundaries." However, for the time being, Hollande is really no one to help; everyone understands that France went to the CAR as a colony. So Paris is unlikely to cope with local thugs for six months.

But the six-month UN mandate may be extended. By the way, Paris is not going to control the entire territory of the CAR: let the united African troops do it, and the French will restore order where Areva’s energy interests are. The rating is rated, and Hollande needs if not to win the fight for the “black continent” with China, but at least not to give way in some strategic areas. And the question of developing uranium deposits is of great concern to French energy capitalists, not only in the CARs, but also in Nigeria and in Mali. In the CAR, in addition to uranium, there are large reserves of gold and diamonds, as well as oil. France is among the major buyers of CAR resources, but in recent years it has been inferior to Japan, China and some other countries.

of the latter, News It is known that the self-proclaimed president of the Central African Republic, Michel Jotodia, fired his three “ministers”, and also stated that he was ready to negotiate with paramilitary groups of Christians (they are currently opposing Muslim groups; Jotodia himself is a representative of the Muslim minority in the Central African Republic).

Thus, the joint operation of the French and the African Union is already beginning to bear fruit. If Jotodiya, who previously admitted that he could not control the various groups operating in the country, then with the help of the interventionists he would be able to organize at least fiction of democratic elections. And it is unlikely that France will show itself in this election only as a passive observer. Not for this, it participates in an expensive military operation in times of economic crisis. In Paris, they understand that in the second decade of the 21st century the division of the African “pie” occurs, and tries not to be late and cut off its tidbits.

Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
26 comments
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  1. makarov
    makarov 17 December 2013 08: 10
    +8
    H. Oleg!
    Something in the material is completely missing info about China. After all, it is no secret that the Chinese continent has long been taken to the financial and economic circulation of the African continent. The reaction of China to the strengthening of French influence is curious, do they not consider what is happening as an attack on the interests of China? Or maybe France is specifically pushed to cause a reaction of other interested powers (?),
    1. a52333
      a52333 17 December 2013 08: 26
      +5
      Something I can not believe that the French will achieve anything significant with their invasion.
      1. La-5
        La-5 17 December 2013 09: 14
        +4
        The article says that the French do not need complete control over the Central African Republic (and why?), It is enough to protect uranium mines and other sources of energy.
      2. AVV
        AVV 18 December 2013 00: 27
        +1
        The French have always used mercenaries in such operations, and this time is no exception, what it will lead to, we will see soon !!!
    2. Mart
      17 December 2013 11: 11
      +3
      Quote: makarov
      H. Oleg!
      Something in the material is completely missing info about China. After all, it is no secret that the Chinese continent has long been taken to the financial and economic circulation of the African continent. The reaction of China to the strengthening of French influence is curious, do they not consider what is happening as an attack on the interests of China? Or maybe France is specifically pushed to cause a reaction of other interested powers (?),


      I have already written several times about the Chinese expansion to the "black continent", I just do not want to repeat myself. Search my profile for relevant articles if you're interested. By the way, the Chinese always disown any of their political "influence" - be it Africa or Central Asia. Everywhere they have partnership, cooperation, friendship of peoples, fraternal assistance in the development of the economy, etc., etc.

      Thank you for attention!
      1. lx
        lx 17 December 2013 13: 49
        +2
        And what is so strange that the article ends with a colon?
        The Chinese are always ready to strangle in the arms of their friendship. :)
        PS: AREVA announced a year ago that it would not develop fields in the CAR in the near future. After Fukushima, there is a lot of cheap uranium on the market, and it is unprofitable to mine in the CAR. In general, France in this case, as in Mali, is acting correctly. And there is no news in this - France really did not leave there and has been putting things in order for the last half century, keeping troops there. "Experts" as usual are no more than producing words.
  2. Stiletto
    Stiletto 17 December 2013 08: 58
    +3
    The colonial past simply cannot be eliminated. Times are changing, morals are not at all.
  3. Mikhail m
    Mikhail m 17 December 2013 09: 02
    +2
    We have not mastered Asia yet, but we have already taken up Africa. No matter how they choked. fellow
  4. Terrible ensign
    Terrible ensign 17 December 2013 09: 16
    +3
    Everything is so! .. There is nothing new either in relation to the former colonies, or in relation to the internal policy of the "socialist" Hollande, or in relation to foreign ...
    As for restoring order in the Central African Republic, it will be put in place first of all where there are or will be located French-controlled enterprises of the mining complex, processing complex and transport infrastructure facilities. It is unlikely that the indicated number of troops will solve the wider problems of the country. Of course, the military contingent will solve the problem of stabilizing the situation in the state, but in the second place. At this stage, as follows from the material, the French have so far no one to negotiate with. When such a figure appears, who it will be is not clear. Most likely, the French themselves may manifest it over time ...
  5. Sunjar
    Sunjar 17 December 2013 09: 26
    +3
    All the same eggs, only in profile. Bloody regimes appear here and there, and so much so affecting the lives of the French and other Europeans that there is no way to do without a military invasion. They probably climbed for diamonds. Well, ktiaez also need to squeeze. Every day is not Sunday.
    1. Scorpio
      Scorpio 17 December 2013 09: 57
      +3
      If tsars like go amine do not spank periodically on the ass, then you can grow a dozen crazy North Koreans in Africa.
  6. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 17 December 2013 10: 43
    +5
    The Chinese fellows didn’t hurt, quietly grabbing a little piece of themselves here and there, and most importantly no one is trying to raise their voices, and about Russia there is always a tantrum. And Africa for the Chinese is a real klondike of natural resources, paid the local king and dig as much as you want, beauty. It is not surprising that even the French decided to peck a little, the main thing is that they do not start shooting too intensively, otherwise they will give up.
  7. Andron_by
    Andron_by 17 December 2013 12: 16
    +1
    "Di Toad! Di Bolote! Di blooper, di blooper, di blooper" .... wassat
  8. Ihrek
    Ihrek 17 December 2013 13: 28
    0
    In the course of the paddling pool, the appetite comes with eating. It takes one good BA-BA-X to spoil it.
  9. chunga-changa
    chunga-changa 17 December 2013 14: 08
    0
    Since we are standing liberal capitalism, thanks to the efforts of different spotted svol.chi and other redheads without regard to anything. It is not time for us to establish liberal capitalist colonies, so to speak in the form of compensation for the victims. We are building the fleet. I think, for example, Cyprus is already too tough for us.
    1. matross
      matross 17 December 2013 17: 36
      -1
      Quote: chunga-changa
      I think for example Cyprus is already tough for us

      Well then, not Malta then? In terms of its geostrategic position, it is more profitable ... Do you think what you are writing about? Or was it a joke? Then sorrybelay
      1. chunga-changa
        chunga-changa 17 December 2013 19: 51
        -1
        But what, as I understand it, are you apparently fundamentally against colonialism? Maybe the fate of blacks does not let you sleep. Sell ​​an apartment, transfer the money to the starving Africa fund, a thank you card will be sent to you from the French colony, as a keepsake.
  10. Leshka
    Leshka 17 December 2013 15: 26
    0
    felled by the French
  11. Black
    Black 17 December 2013 16: 28
    +1
    France-Presse reports that car traffic on the streets of the Central African capital is completely prohibited, except for armored military vehicles. Two-way traffic on tanks !!!
  12. propolsky
    propolsky 17 December 2013 16: 41
    +1
    Libya, Mali, CAR. Which country is next? It smells like colonialism!
    1. alone
      alone 17 December 2013 19: 45
      +1
      It doesn’t smell. This is colonialism!
  13. karavay1982
    karavay1982 17 December 2013 21: 32
    +2
    Learn from France.
    As skillfully hiding behind a UN mandate, they solve their internal problems, and even they follow economic interests.
    Not like us.
    Sluggish something chewing and forgiving everyone.
    It would just be interesting if Russian troops entered Kyrgyzstan when riots raged there.
    Not as sure as the last time the paratroopers were sent there quietly, but on tanks and with the button accordion.
    It was with the thesis of maintaining democracy and stabilizing the situation, and by the way, several deposits were cleaned.
    What would be the reaction ...
    But Oland handsome, can not solve internal problems - arrange a war and even away from Europe.
  14. kelevra
    kelevra 17 December 2013 22: 01
    +1
    Something like a demonstration of force is going on, they entered, bombed, killed a couple of thousand civilians and left! They take a bad example from the United States. Other not very stable countries can become infected with such an example and start going on "safari" to Africa and escalate the situation. The problem is that there is no one to stop such invasions. I read above that China is raking in a lot of resources and projects in Africa. Hence two conclusions; The French are trying to prevent China from gaining a foothold on the African continent, because France, since the time of Sarkozy, when he asked for help Gaddafi for the elections, and then he himself "dispossessed", had its own benefits and very strategic in Africa, so it is not surprising that first Mali, now the Central African Republic. The Chinese, together with Russia or the union of the CIS and Russia like a peacemaker. Simply, in a harsh manner, get ahead of the same French and enter Africa under the pretext of a peace mission. For France and the EU, it will be like a bone in the throat, but opposing Russia and China, especially against the "alliance" of other countries, is not dare.Ro Russia and China are definitely winning, for us, this is an important statement that new players have appeared on the "chess" board, and China will leave behind a certain influence that it is trying to establish!
  15. Lexsir
    Lexsir 17 December 2013 22: 52
    0
    Soon the blacks will learn to kill the French, and the Gallic cockerel will temper its ardor.
  16. Iraclius
    Iraclius 17 December 2013 23: 19
    +2
    The Shame of Dienbienf in 1954 is haunting the French in any way ...
  17. EvigKrig
    EvigKrig 18 December 2013 01: 01
    0
    I’m wondering who will get to us first?
  18. Hitrovan07
    Hitrovan07 19 December 2013 13: 44
    0
    France rushed to look for its place in the sun in the future.
  19. Stasi
    Stasi 20 December 2013 23: 25
    0
    Given the demographic situation in France, it’s just right to say that France itself will soon become a pie for its former colonists, who already outnumber the native French. So Hollande will have to curtail operations abroad and military bases, as well as call on the Foreign Legion to protect the French from former slaves, who will gladly knead France. All French soldiers will soon be needed on the domestic front, and not abroad.