Military Review

The tests of the Yamal-730 hovercraft began.

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On December 10, the first Yamal-730 hovercraft was launched in St. Petersburg. The vessel, which was the result of cooperation between Russian and Belarusian designers, has high characteristics and therefore, at the construction stage, interested potential customers. It is alleged that Yamal-730 compares favorably with all existing boats of its class.


The new hovercraft is designed to carry patrol, transport, rescue, etc. tasks. Declared the possibility of working in any climate and in any conditions. The boat is able to move on any flat surface - on water, sand, snow, etc. During the development of the project, some technical solutions were applied that ensure high seaworthy characteristics. In addition, as stated, even with the maximum payload, the boat keeps well on the course and has good handling.

The project "Yamal-730" was developed by the St. Petersburg Central Design Bureau "Neptune" and the Minsk OKB TSP. Collaboration of design organizations began in 2012, and at the international naval salon IMDS-2013 they signed an agreement on the joint production of new equipment. It should be noted that other enterprises are involved in the project. Thus, St. Petersburg electroplating plant No. XXUMX was engaged in manufacturing the hull of the first boat.

The tests of the Yamal-730 hovercraft began.


The Yamal-730 hovercraft is similar to other vessels of this type, but its design incorporates several original ideas aimed at improving performance. So, the boat is equipped with two petrol engines. One of them, having a power 75 hp, is connected to the propeller that drives the boat. The second, 30-strong engine using a separate screw forces air under the hull of the boat and creates an air cushion. The design of the airbag fencing uses cylinders, in the snap-in of which there are no removable parts.

The hull of the boat "Yamal-730", made of composite materials, accommodates a rather large passenger and cargo cabin. The payload of the boat is 700 kg, which allows you to carry various loads or up to 10 people with a crew of one person. Landing and loading of various goods is carried out through large doors in the sides of the hull. To ensure high strength and low weight, the hull of the boat is made of three-layer composite panels created in OKB TSP.

The Yamal-730 hovercraft is offered to potential customers as a universal vehicle suitable for performing various tasks related to transporting people and goods or patrolling any territories. Thus, the boat can be interesting both to law enforcement agencies or rescuers, as well as to commercial organizations that need a universal vehicle capable of traveling through water and on even land.




According to the First Deputy Director General of the Neptun Central Design Bureau S. Kotlovich, the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations, the Navy and the engineering forces have already expressed their interest in the Yamal-730 hovercraft. In addition, negotiations may begin with the leadership of the Belarusian Emergencies Ministry in the near future. Thus, even before the end of the test, the first contracts for the supply of new equipment can be signed. Estimates of the commercial potential of such boats vary. The number of Yamal-730-type boats needed by potential buyers can be estimated from a few dozen to over a hundred.

However, at the moment, manufacturers can not quickly provide boats to all comers. Production capabilities of all organizations involved in the project allow building no more than 24 boats per year. Any information about the possibility of expanding production and increasing the rate of production of equipment is missing. It is known that the serial boat "Yamal-730" will cost the customer about 4 million rubles.

There is information that the Russian Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Emergency Situations have already placed preliminary orders for new boats. Details of this have not yet been announced, but some information about the project suggests that the military will receive a modified version of hovercraft. According to reports, Russian and Belarusian shipbuilders are currently working to create additional reservation panels suitable for installation on Yamal-730 boats. The use of composite armor plates will help protect the crew and boat units from bullets and shrapnel.


On the materials of the sites:
http://lenta.ru/
http://vesti.ru/
http://neptun-ckb.ru/
http://zgp1.ru/
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  1. jjj
    jjj 16 December 2013 08: 51
    +8
    Well, this is not the first, of course, a vessel of such an air cushion tonnage. About thirty years ago, in the village of Pinega, Arkhangelsk region, a pilot operation of a similar vessel took place. They drove mail through the villages. In one flight I also had the opportunity to take part. According to impressions, there is very poor handling over ice. The ship literally soars in the air. A gust of wind, and we went to count the coastal bushes. The operation of such a vessel is very expensive. But an air cushion is needed when you have to fly over hard, non-slip surfaces. True, in pillars of raised dust.
    And when operating over water bodies, including periods of freeze-up and ice drift, the boat of the Torex plant does an excellent job. Instead of a skirt and an air blower, he has air cylinders under it under the bottom. And from below, the structure is reinforced with a thick sheet of low-pressure polyethylene. It turns out that the cylinders play the role of cushioning, and the polyethylene sheet takes on shock loads. The construction is relatively inexpensive. For several years, these boats have been operated by the Emergencies Ministry of Arkhangelsk
    1. Mister X
      Mister X 16 December 2013 12: 51
      +2
      Quote: jjj
      And when operating over water bodies, including periods of freeze-up and ice drift, the boat of the Torex plant does an excellent job.

      And the prices at Toreks are much lower:
      The Patrol amphibious aerocycle with an open cockpit costs 900 thousand rubles.



      Snowmobile amphibious "Patrol" with a heated cabin cost from 1.6 million rubles.



      And this is the Christy 6143 Military hovercraft from Christy Hovercraft.
      Shot from the film "Retired-3" with Boris Galkin



      Prices for the base model 6143 from 3 million rubles.
      Cheaper than Yamal-730
    2. clidon
      clidon 16 December 2013 21: 11
      0
      He also witnessed the operation of small boats in the VP. To be honest, they are only needed where high traffic on thin ice and swamps is really needed, but maneuverability is not needed too. It’s capricious in operation, it likes to eat fuel, its handling is poor.
  2. makarov
    makarov 16 December 2013 09: 20
    +4
    I wish the designers and testers every success in their field. Good luck.
  3. Hort
    Hort 16 December 2013 11: 52
    +1
    um ... like boats on the Yenisei, incl. and of greater capacity, they have been driving for two years already, if not more. And in the winter (on ice) and in the summer. Therefore, it is not entirely clear which tests? New model if only
  4. mizantropi
    mizantropi 16 December 2013 12: 49
    0
    Apparently, more powerful engines are needed. Such an apparatus may well be in demand both among "private traders" and among some government agencies. Good luck!
  5. mountain
    mountain 16 December 2013 13: 09
    +1
    But I don’t understand either, I saw it and exploited it and saw all kinds of homemade products, it’s been ten years, if not more. And here the tests and nothing concrete, became more manageable, reliable, or what know-how was pushed into it is not clear. And in ten years - they are testing, ready to buy .......
  6. ehan
    ehan 16 December 2013 14: 31
    0
    Why not 3 ... 4 ... 5 engines? What an insanity, well, it really is SO DIFFICULT in the 21st century to put 1 more powerful engine with a power take-off shaft. I understand if a military vehicle and engine 2, if damaged, could take over some of the functions of the 1st (or vice versa), but in a civilian vehicle, what are such difficulties? The more parts, the more chances they have to break, I'm not even talking, since the engines are different, so the "consumption" for them is also different. Here fucking we do not know how to design.
  7. Asan Ata
    Asan Ata 16 December 2013 23: 48
    +2
    I have two such miracles. I bought them in Russia. I'm sorry. To be honest, the skirt shyly covers two kegs on which this miracle crawls. The engine from the "Volga" on one, which is larger, "Rotax" on the other, which is smaller, is completely unable to lift a vessel from the ground or water with a load, even less than the standard one. Because of this, the skirt is chewing, it must be constantly repaired. So this miracle crawls on kegs, while at the slightest wind it carries it to God knows where, and the ripples on the water blow off the skirt instantly. What to say about the combat load is just laughter. In order for this miracle to somehow move normally, it is necessary to increase the power of the engines at times or come up with something new. hi
  8. fan_
    fan_ 17 December 2013 10: 15
    0
    Here are the people, completely stole the idea and give out for something new. Also, about the handling, they lied great. The wheels are exactly the same as on other SVPs. The principle of work, too.

    The Yamal-730 hovercraft is similar to other vessels of this type, but its design incorporates several original ideas aimed at improving performance. So, the boat is equipped with two petrol engines. One of them, having a power 75 hp, is connected to the propeller that drives the boat. The second, 30-strong engine using a separate screw forces air under the hull of the boat and creates an air cushion. The design of the airbag fencing uses cylinders, in the snap-in of which there are no removable parts.