December 5 in the Experimental Creative Center (ETC) an interesting and important event was held - a conference on the topic "The cancellation of the Unified State Examination is the first step towards the revival of education." The organizers are the Essence of Time public movement (the leader of the movement is Sergey Kurginyan) and the Parental All-Russian Resistance All-Russian public organization (chairperson is Maria Mamikonyan), responding to the great inquiry that exists in society and the predominantly negative assessment of the so-called “uniform exam”, invited to the conference of school teachers, university professors, representatives of the public.
Many of them spoke. And they not only disclosed well-known things in detail — for example, that the Unified State Exam leads to duping children and depriving them of their creative potential, fully following in this “covenant” ex-minister Andrei Fursenko to educate not the “creator man” who was trained by the Soviet school, but “civilized consumer. " But they also brought eloquent, if not terrifying, facts of collapse, in which with its introduction domestic education turned out to be. Moreover, not only secondary, but also higher.
The most important thing: having projected the current stage of this collapse into the near and mid-term future, they convincingly proved with their bright, caring performances that the cancellation of the Unified State Exam is not a choice between the Soviet and "Bologna" educational systems. And between being-development and non-being-underdevelopment of our country, plunged into the abyss of a cruel, barbaric experiment, not just on living people, but on children, who are deprived of their future with this experiment.
Before presenting these facts, we consider it necessary, pushing away from the scandalously “best minister”, from this disgraceful and cynical revelation, to cite a number of general considerations that answer the question who needed this innovation and why. Similar to ordinary managerial idiocy, it actually contains much deeper and socially dangerous thoughts in its background.
So, first of all, adherents of the USE refer to the “world experience” - this argument is of course important to pro-Western idolaters. Only now, it seems that with its help, as well as talks about the “wide range of opportunities” for entering the prestigious universities of children from the field, purely small performers were processed. Or naively believing that the customers of this scenario “want the best” and, so as not to succeed “as always,” you need to put together efforts to direct the process in a “constructive” direction.
Such “idealists”, of course, exist, but “their circle is narrow, and they are terribly far from the people.” In fact, the first goal of the Unified State Exam is to implement a long-known destructive method, which is colloquially called “to reform the board”: to disrupt and then destroy the education system and the pedagogical school, to review programs and textbooks, to quarrel teachers among themselves and with parents - for money and not only. And to increase the turnover of personnel, provoking the inevitable outflow of the best of them and, as a result, a critical decline in the overall level of teaching.
Wasn’t the same thing done in the post-Soviet years with the economy? Army? Secret services (at least, before the arrival of Vladimir Putin)? By science? Health? Pension benefits? And so on.
“To reform the board” is the first, but far from the only task, because it is destructive. There is also a second - conditionally “creative”, if by “creation” we mean the formation of a social order that would meet the interests of the organizers of the collapse. After all, the "man-creator" has a broad outlook, which is based on comprehensive basic training. “To a civilized (as well as to an uncivilized) consumer” all this is unnecessarily necessary; The “architects” of this phenomenon need not an expert with abstract, imaginative thinking, but a robot in human form, thinking and acting mechanically, in accordance with the program algorithm embedded in it.
A simple example: two biologists are sitting in the neighboring rooms. One of them is engaged in butterflies - he is engaged all his life, he knows everything about them; the other - grasshoppers, too, all his life and also knows from and to, and even a little more. Each is valued as an expert in its field, but does not understand adjacent ones: the first has no idea about grasshoppers, the second about butterflies, and both together about other insects, as well as birds, hedgehogs, chanterelles, hares, etc.
The “customer” of the plan of “clearing” the forest and its transformation into a zone for the construction of elite real estate comes. He collects these two and other similar "unfortunate specialists" and asks them to tell and / or write references - about those about whom they know; It does not inform the general task, but promises generous financing. They happily agree to share their knowledge, happily consider the money received, but then very quickly discover that from the forest in which they conducted research, butterflies, grasshoppers, chanterelles, and many others, including foresters, disappear. And finally, the forest itself comes down.
And, having discovered this, they do not even know who to blame for this, but begin to dimly realize that the money received from the “customer” was the last, and no one needs it anymore.
“Insidious differentiation,” in which general, interdisciplinary knowledge and ideas about the surrounding reality, together with the ability to govern, are the lot of the “elect”, “conducting the process” and turning the rest into the object of their own dirigism - the misfortune and fate of all narrow specialists.
Exactly such, and prepares the system EGE. Its “customers” - external and home-grown - are firmly aware: in order to maintain power over people, they should not only be divided and atomized, but also not allowed the “atoms” to have common ideas about the whole process, a peculiar look at it from above. For in this case they will find ways to reunite, and then the “customers” will be cranked!
How far will you go if one of you has a steering wheel in his hands, the other has a wheel, a third has a gearbox, etc., and the drawing, how to collect it all, is in the locked safe of the newly appeared “demiurge” ?
In order for the “demiurge” to establish and maintain this order, it is necessary to “rub” out loud about globalization and universalism of living standards. About "universal human values", the market and democracy, which in the West itself has long been called "totalitarian". And daily and hourly to divide the "atoms" in narrow areas of their competence. And frankly, one can speak about a common idea only in one’s own narrow circle of “initiates”, welded by common, sometimes criminal interests.
No matter how wrong! Here is a quote from the book “Return to a wonderful new world”, which was published in 1958 year. “... Fully organized society, the abolition of freedom of choice, thanks to the methodical imposition of behavior, established slavery, which is adopted through regular chemical injections of doses of happiness (drugs - Auth.), - wrote its author, a prominent globalist Aldous Huxley. - Democracy will change its essence: the old and strange traditions (elections, parliaments, supreme courts) will remain, but non-violent totalitarianism will be the basis. Democracy and freedom will be constantly talked on television and written in the press. ... At this time, the ruling oligarchy and its well-trained elite units of soldiers, police officers, thought makers and manipulators will rule the world at their own discretion. ”
The Unified State Exam is an integral part of this, frankly fascist, social model, the product of the “creativity” of just the manufacturers of thoughts and manipulators of consciousness. After all, it is impossible to drive a man-creator for such a “Mozha”, and a robot in human form is easy. It is only necessary to explain to him that they are driving in his own interests, promising consumer “paradise”, giving some money and pleasures, because, as taught no longer by a theorist, but by the practice of “non-violent totalitarianism” Herbert Marcuse, “control over man is ensured by the satisfaction of instincts.” “Live on the bright side”, “eat, drink, chew ...”, take sialex with alicaps - and you will be “universal”, that is to say consumer, shch schy!
Not possessing an outlook and having buried in its “trough”, the robot will willingly swallow this bait. And even believe that he is!
This is what they seek.
And now that sounded at the conference.
Alexander Ivanov, Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor, Head of the Department of Petrozavodsk State University, delivered a brilliant report. In the center, he put the exposure of the unified state examination of the myths, the main one being that this exam supposedly combines state certification of graduates and competitive selection of applicants. The speaker convincingly proved that the Unified State Exam does not solve one or the other task and cannot solve it.
From the point of view of certification at the school, the final exams have been canceled: only two are mandatory - the Russian language and mathematics; The graduate chooses the rest himself, based on preferences when choosing a university. And if he doesn’t need physics, chemistry or biology, since he acts, say, on historical faculty, then he will not strive to know them. As a student applicant in a technical university does not become involved in history. After all, the motivation in the form of an exam, which can fail, and therefore you need to prepare, is absent!
We don’t say that both are completely “not needed” foreign languages (that is, they are actually needed, but they will find out about this much later when they try to improve their professional skills, but it will be too late).
As a result, none of them will receive the same comprehensive basic education, which was discussed above, and not received, will be a brick in the manipulative system built by the “customers” of this “unified exam”, which we have already understood with motivation.
Do not save from the degradation of the exam even mandatory discipline. Thus, in preparing for the “unified exam” in mathematics, future graduates apply two “strategies”: those who need this discipline are chasing maximum marks; the rest is enough that there are no twos. And these are just five completed assignments from 20. Moreover, about the same level as the speaker brought: “The train from St. Petersburg went to 22.30, and arrived in Moscow to 6.50. How long was he on the way? Against this background, the pipes “A” and “B”, which are memorable to our generation since childhood, are seen as something of prohibitively high mathematics.
As for the "competitive selection", then the situation is even worse. Tasks are standard and the same solution. Therefore, train on the algorithm and learn how to solve such. A step to the right or left immediately leads the examinees to a state of stupor - they do not know the algorithm, but have not been taught to think. The speaker gave an example, as a result of this, a first-year student at the university's mathematics department who received an 42 score on the EGE could not answer the question of how many 2 + (-1) would be. And when Alexander Ivanov, who became interested in this collision, decided to find out if it was possible, it turned out that you can “start up bubbles” with 56 points in the given question, because the Unified State Exam covers no more than 30% of the school curriculum.
“But try tsiferku put in the wrong cell ...” - shook her head, philosophically, with knowledge, spoke the student who was sitting next to me, the daughter of one of us, two years ago experienced all the “charms” of the “single exam” on her own experience.
“In the Soviet Union, the most important issue was the training and retraining of teachers, which no one is doing today. Schools en masse, by means of their unification, forcing the directors responsible for the edifice located in several buildings and in different districts to engage not so much in the educational process as in administrative management. And this has a detrimental effect on the quality of education, ”Dr. Dmitry Ivinsky, another“ hot spot ”of the“ reformed ”education system, uncovered another“ hot spot ”of the educational system. From his speech, it followed that the statistics of the Unified State Examination for schools was carefully classified, and this was done for social and political reasons, so that the appearance of “failed” cities, districts and even the subjects of the Federation was not revealed. Corruption, he believes, has not disappeared anywhere, but only changed shape. First, instead of several dozens of prestigious universities, where this problem existed before the introduction of the Unified State Examination system, today every school has become a “corruption-intensive” point, where the “single exam” is passed. It will come, the time will surely come when all the opportunities for this part will be recognized, and the "strong business executives" in the field realize that these points are located on their territory and naturally impose a paw on them.
Secondly, the improvement of Internet technologies is becoming a separate problem, already today turning the obtaining of the necessary points on the Unified State Examination into a very profitable and practically “safe” “business”. It's only the beginning!
“There are three types of vandalism in relation to culture,” began his speech the doctor of philological sciences, professor, head of the department of Moscow State University. Mv Lomonosov Alexander Volkov. - You can burn the book, you can distort its interpretation. And still it is possible - and in this, in his opinion, the essence of the USE - to create a system in which it is impossible to master even this very book, not to mention other achievements of material and spiritual culture. ” We did not formalize the exams before - we looked at whether the student is able to think, whether he or she is able to work independently. From this and proceeded. That was the main thing, not formalism and chattering, which, if they are encouraged, the teacher's gratuity, when schoolchildren, who are eager to learn something extra for admission, are completely engaged with tutors. Meanwhile, the teacher is training potential losers so that their number does not exceed the allowable 7% threshold, by which his work is evaluated. And not only his one, but also the school, and the district, city, region, for which the governor asks from his deputy for public education.
No less interesting were the speeches of Mikhail Tishkov, director of the first non-state school of Russia - the Orthodox school "Radonezh", who paid special attention to the threat of commercialization of school education, as well as Galina Zverkina, a candidate of physical and mathematical sciences, who showed with specific examples how the USE would cripple future students of technical universities.
What to do in this situation?
All speakers, as well as the leader of the movement “The Essence of Time” Sergey Kurginyan, who summed up the conference with a bright, emotional soskladom, shed light on the order and features of the withdrawal of the struggle with the Unified State Examination to the level of big politics, without which, in his opinion, no progress in this burning issue happen, come together as follows. It is necessary:
- to return the final exams in all major subjects, and oral, on which the graduate, if he wrote off, is able to say something sensible only when he owns the subject (for some reason, the famous aphorism of Peter the Great came to mind, demanding not by writing, so that everyone’s foolishness could be seen, ”- nothing is new under the Moon!);
- if necessary, set up interdepartmental commissions for taking these exams - as it has already been tested with the current USE system;
- to restore the system of entrance exams, and, on the territory of universities, thereby avoiding the transformation of schools into pockets of general corruption, encouraged by the local authorities;
- and before all this - to cancel the rule of two waves when enrolling according to the results of the Unified State Exam, which should be carried out on-line. The fact that all the technical capabilities for this are available - one has only to want, in one voice all the technical conference participants familiar with the Internet technologies have unanimously stated.
It seems that if we want the energetic development of our country - and we certainly do, experiencing and taking close to heart two and a half decades of devastation generated by the collapse of the USSR and the “market reforms”, it is time to act.
And it is not by chance that the liberals who defended the Unified State Exam scattered vigorously: just the other day their “ideological leader” Yaroslav Kuzminov, the rector of the Higher School of Economics, was worried about the allegedly low level of school Olympiad winners. After all, it was they who at the conference were called, in fact, the only legal way of admitting talented and hardworking students to universities bypassing the USE. Knows the liberal "cat" whose meat ate and eats!
The proposed measures need to be enforced, bringing together the general public for this purpose, which the “Parent All-Russian Resistance” is going to do. And then the last doubts will disappear that LIBERAL "CARFAGEN" WILL BE DESTROYED, sooner or later!
Vladimir Pavlenko - Doctor of Political Sciences, full member of the Academy of Geopolitical Problems (AGP).
Vladimir Shtol - Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, full member of AGP, Head of the Department of State-confessional relations of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation.