Military Review

Comparison of the current Constitution of the Russian Federation and the Stalin Constitution 1936 of the year.

58

All of you are well aware of, among other things, the speeches of State Duma Deputy Fedorov Yevgeny Alekseevich (http://poznavatelnoe.tv, http://efedorov.ru) that all the legislation of the Russian Federation after the dismemberment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was written under the guidance of American instructors with the connivance of the drunkard Yeltsin BN, that with 1991, the Russian Federation lives in an occupation regime, that Russia lost in the Cold War and pays to this day indemnity of the United States and Western Europe, it is time to break free from this dependence and gain sovereignty.


But, what's wrong is laid down by American advisers in our basic law, very few people can formulate outright, for even lawyer DA A. Medvedev in his speech on the 15 anniversary of the Constitution, said (http://www.vesti.ru/doc.html?id=232533):

"Constitution was the result of a social contract - in fact, a real social contract on the ways of the long-term development of the country, despite the fact that it was taken in a very difficult situation and its adoption was accompanied by very complex political processes. Nevertheless, it has become a value platform for decades to come, and brought new strength and state, and thus created a space for the free development of every person and society as a whole. And in this, by the way, its cardinal difference from the constitutions of the previous period."

Let's see whether this is true. Velichko, Mikhail Viktorovich analyzed the current Constitution of the Russian Federation (http://www.constitution.ru/index.htm), comparing it with the Stalin Constitution (http://rutracker.org/forum/viewtopic.php?t=3989135), and the result was reported at the 5 workshop on December 2012 (http://www.kpe.ru/video-foto-materialy/rekomenduem-k-prosmotru/3570-stalins-konstitusion).

The following is a brief summary of this workshop in view of the importance of the issue raised.
Preamble.

The US still lives on the 1787 constitution, and on the 1792 Bill of Rights, in Russia, the adoption of the 1905 constitution led to the collapse of the Russian Empire, then the Constitution of the Russian Federation 1918, the USSR Constitution 1924, Stalin Constitution 1936, the Brezhnev Constitution of 1977 and the current 1993, as amended by 2008. What is the reason for such a difference? In the US, a fair share of the population is fighting for compliance with the Constitution. In Russia, life goes on its own, and legislation is a legal rationale for the arbitrariness of those who have one or another powerful status: the law that dies, where it turned, went there. The reasons for this attitude to the legislation are generally different in different eras and stem from non-legal issues.

Benjamin Franklin (English BenjaminFranklin; January 17, 1706 - April 17, 1790) - politician, diplomat, scientist, inventor, journalist, publisher, freemason) said: those who are ready to give up freedom in order to acquire short-lived protection from danger do not deserve either freedom or security. If you look at history countries: the tsar-father is not angry, the father of the master is not angry, in most cases do not argue with the authorities. That is, a fair share of the population fits into what Franklin said. “Only he is worthy of happiness and freedom, who every day goes to fight for them” - I.V. Goethe ("Faust").

When the socialist experiment had not yet begun, Vasily Osipovich Klyuchevsky described the prospects with the phrase: "A society of a righteous community, made up of villains."

But a righteous society cannot be made up of scoundrels. If the rascal component is of great importance, neither the best constitutional rules nor the laws will be observed. Life will flow differently despite the most righteous legislation.

Where does the legislation come from? If you take the position of Enough General Management Theory, analyze how the Full Function of Management is implemented in the life of society, then legislation stems from the concept of management. In 2008, Barack Obama recalls Senator Robert Carlyle Bert (1918-2010), who was born in a simple family, lived and worked, as we have said without working in production, in the book “Insolence of Hope”. , during the war he worked as a welder, from 1952 in Congress, and from 1958 in the US Senate, he began his political activities in the Ku Klux Klan. Once Bert said that almost no one knows the Constitution now, but I have always said that I need only this book and also the Bible. Bert pointed out directly to the connection of legislation with the concept. Obama himself says the same thing, describing US law, he states: our legislation is, by definition, the codification of moral norms, and much of it is based on Judeo-Christian tradition. What do our lawyers say? Nothing. For many lawyers who do not understand what a Enough General Management Theory is, who do not know what the Full Function of the Office is, how it is implemented in the life of a society, it’s a revelation that the purpose of the legislation is to describe the standard control algorithms according to the chosen concept, in addition, to resolve private conflicts within this concept, to protect the management of this concept from attempts to implement alternative concepts in the same society, the provisions of which are not compatible with the dominant concept.

In this connection, they often recall Art. 58 of the Criminal Code of the USSR, according to which many became victims of “Stalinist” repressions, but few people remember that in Germany there were also prohibitions on professions according to which the bearers of certain convictions could not serve in the army, be in the public service .

In addition, in any legislation there is what can be called legal noise. Legal noises - these are laws ambiguously connected with life, the laws of which are internally contradictory, the law enforcement practice of which is based on the fact that competent lawyers know how to apply them. Legal noises are a kind of manna from heaven for many and many lawyers.

The end of the preamble.

If we talk about the constitution, it is necessary to read the articles of the constitution. If we return to the role of the Constitution in the legislative system, then in the legislative system, the Constitution is a kind of core operating system. Other laws that serve the work of this core are subsequently attached to it. The constitution, either explicitly or by default, as well as the entire legal system as a whole, is oriented towards the achievement of some goals that are well defined in the concept that it serves. The Constitution of 1993 begins with a preamble. The 1936 Constitution does not contain a preamble. If we talk about the preamble of the Constitution of 1993, then this is pure demagogy and a declaration of good intentions. And then the Constitution itself begins, which declares the rights of citizens, the principles of government, the reproduction of the state and its functioning. 1936 Constitution,

Article 1. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is a socialist state of workers and peasants.

Article 2. The political basis of the USSR is the Soviets of Workers' Deputies, which grew and strengthened as a result of the overthrow of the power of landowners and capitalists and the conquest of the dictatorship of the proletariat.
.

(Note - workers)
Article 3. All power in the USSR belongs to the working people of the city and village represented by the Soviets of Working People's Deputies.


Constitution of the Russian Federation 1993 g:

Article 1
1. The Russian Federation - Russia is a democratic federal state with a republican form of government.
2. The names of the Russian Federation and Russia are equivalent.

Article 2
Man, his rights and freedoms are the highest value. Recognition, observance and protection of human and citizen's rights and freedoms is the duty of the state.

Article 3
1. The bearer of sovereignty and the only source of power in the Russian Federation is its multinational people.
2. The people exercise their power directly, as well as through government bodies and local governments.
3. The highest direct expression of the power of the people is a referendum and free elections.
4. No one can appropriate power in the Russian Federation. The seizure of power or the appropriation of power is prosecuted under federal law.

Article 4
1. The sovereignty of the Russian Federation extends over its entire territory.
2. The Constitution of the Russian Federation and federal laws are supremacy throughout the territory of the Russian Federation.
3. The Russian Federation ensures the integrity and inviolability of its territory.

Article 13
1. The Russian Federation recognizes ideological diversity.
2. No ideology can be established as a state or mandatory.
3. The Russian Federation recognizes political diversity, multi-party system.
4. Public associations are equal before the law.
5. The creation and activity of public associations whose goals or actions are aimed at changing the foundations of the constitutional system and violating the integrity of the Russian Federation, undermining the security of the state, creating armed groups, inciting social, racial, national and religious hatred are prohibited
.

A lot of words. If you now make a squeeze, then we come to the following. Constitution of the USSR 1936 right aimed at building and maintaining the stability of intra-social relations, eliminating the exploitation of man by man, that is, the parasitism of singles and those or other social minorities in the work and life of the majority. According to the current Constitution, the statement of such a policy goal is a statement of state ideology, which is prohibited, the moment of incitement of social and other discord. Those who are parasitic will not be satisfied when they are aware of this, and even more so if they are aware of the mechanism for the implementation of parasitism in their work and life. According to the current Constitution, the crime is to be dissatisfied that you are sheared, sheared without anesthesia and rummaged in your pockets. But the current Constitution does not describe how they rummage through their pockets. And in order to understand how they rummage through their pockets, we turn to what is called the economic basis of society.

Constitution 1936 g:

Article 4. The economic basis of the USSR is the socialist economic system and socialist ownership of the tools and means of production, established as a result of the elimination of the capitalist economic system, the abolition of private ownership of the tools and means of production, and the abolition of human exploitation..

(Note: this is socialist property. on tools and means of production)

Constitution 1993, Art. 8:

1. In the Russian Federation, the unity of the economic space, the free movement of goods, services and financial resources, support for competition, freedom of economic activity are guaranteed.
2. In the Russian Federation, private, state, municipal and other forms of property are also recognized and protected.

Economic activity also includes organization of the exploitation of people by others. In other words, Constitution of the Russian Federation 1993 it guarantees.

Constitution 1936 g:

Article 5. Socialist property in the USSR has either a form of state ownership (national property) or a form of cooperative collective-farm property (property of individual collective farms, property of cooperative associations).
We are again talking about the means of production and labor tools)

Article 6. Land, its subsoil, water, forests, factories, factories, mines, mines, railway, water and air transport, banks, communications, state-owned large agricultural enterprises (state farms, machine and tractor stations, etc.), as well as utilities and the main housing stock in cities and industrial centers are state property, that is, the national property.

Article 7. Public enterprises on collective farms and cooperative organizations with their live and dead implements, products produced by collective farms and cooperative organizations, as well as their public buildings constitute the public, socialist property of collective farms and cooperative organizations.

Each collective farm yard, in addition to the basic income from the public collective farm, has in its personal use a small personal plot of land and personal property subsidiary farming on the personal plot, a dwelling house, productive livestock, poultry and small agricultural equipment - according to the charter of the agricultural artel.

Article 8. The land occupied by collective farms is assigned to them for free and indefinite use, that is, forever
.

The current Constitution provides for the right of private property and the corresponding right of sale. The right to private property is maintained by law. Note: the distinction between ownership of the means of production and property in general is not made, but as you know, ownership of the means of production is one factor that creates the preconditions for the exploitation of man by man.

How did the 1936 Constitution treat property rights? Besides the fact that there was socialist property, it was still

Article 9. Along with the socialist economic system, which is the dominant form of economy in the USSR, the law allows a small private economy of individual peasants and handicraftsmen, based on personal labor and precluding the exploitation of other people's labor..

That is, if you cannot cope alone, then you can organize an artel with your colleagues and work on the basis of this artel. If you look at the history of the cooperative and artel movement, then in 30-ies the first Soviet radio line, mass-produced, was produced by the artel. The first Soviet television, mass-produced, was also produced by the artel. During the war years, the production artels supplied the front, including artillery ammunition. That is, it was a fairly advanced production, which existed on the basis of advanced technology and organization for its time. All this was buried Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev.

In the USSR, the right of personal property was protected by law:

Article 10. The right of personal property of citizens to their labor income and savings, to a dwelling house and ancillary household, to household items and household goods, to personal consumption and convenience items, as well as the right to inherit citizens ’personal property is protected by law.

The division of ownership of the means of production and the fact that within the family’s property it is necessary for it to conduct life, was clearly and unequivocally stated. Do not think that the creators of the current Constitution did not understand the differences in the terms of that Constitution and this one. But Article 37 of the Constitution of 1993 states:

Article 37
1. Labor is free. Everyone has the right to freely dispose of his abilities to work, to choose the kind of activity and profession.
2. Forced labor is prohibited.
3. Everyone has the right to work in conditions meeting the requirements of safety and hygiene, to remuneration for work without any discrimination and not below the minimum wage established by federal law, and the right to protection against unemployment.
4. The right to individual and collective labor disputes is recognized with the use of the methods established by federal law for their resolution, including the right to strike.
5. Everyone has the right to rest. Workers under the employment contract are guaranteed the length of working hours, days off and holidays, paid annual leave established by the federal law.


FINDINGS. The USSR Constitution 1936 allowed state administration to be implemented in accordance with an objectively necessary cyclical formulation and solution of social development tasks in harmony with nature and to ensure the military-economic security of the state, that is, the government control algorithm necessary for the development of society. The 1936 constitution expressly proclaimed the planned management and competence of the Supreme Council and the Government in the organization of this planned economy. And there is no direct ban on the market. JV Stalin writes that the goods and monetary relations are preserved. Moreover, they are useful because the law of value is an incentive to improve the organization of production and technology.

Constitution 1993 and legislation developed on its basis in the 90s cannot be correlated with this cycle. The reason is that the Constitution and all legislation on financial and economic activity is written under the liberal market modelwhich ideally implies the complete absence of the public sector of the economy and minimizing the regulatory role of the state in economic matters. But liberal market model where it is actually realized, where it has existed for sometimes many centuries, Provides only one thing - reproduction of mass poverty and lack of culture in the continuity of generationsagainst which the ruling "elite" is frantic with fat and complains about the bitterness and wildness of the people and not wanting to work. The reasons are in the algorithms of market pricing. Firstly, the activities of many market subjects are subordinated to maximizing their incomes and reducing the costs of them by any means, including at the expense of the rest of society and nature. If a private entrepreneur is allowed to spend money the way he wants, then there will be no labor protection, no protection of the natural environment, nothing. There will be only the pursuit of profit. But besides this, the multitude of private interests regulated by the market is not equivalent to the interests of the public at large in general, and is largely antagonistic. The question of how these interests are regulated, and the Constitution of 1993, and the legislation on financial and economic activities are not clearly explained. In addition, the market is a certain system of self-regulation of production and distribution, which lives by its own laws. She does not have the ability to goal setting. It is to the goal setting of social development. Besides, the market as such does not contain mechanisms of self-adjustment for any goals that politicians proclaimputs the state. The market is not regulated is not able to. But besides this, it is no secret to anyone that there are activities in society that, under the current law of value, the current price list, are not capable of self-sufficiency either or not themselves, if the production volumes of these activities are such that they cover segments of the population. And when prices fall, the profitability of the respective activities falls. In addition, there are areas of activity that, in principle, will never be capable of self-sufficiency, for example, basic science. This is one of the costs. Projects are sometimes designed for decades, and payback is carried out only indirectly, when the achievements of basic science are included in the education system and in the mentality of those people who are engaged in real activity in the real sector of the economy. Then, through some kind of production, what is called self-sufficiency arises.

 The statement that the state leaders of scientific and technological progress live according to the laws of market liberalism is also not true. Since all developed countries: USA, Canada, Western Europe - have a system of state planning and regulation of markets. But we must understand that all these systems are built on the principles of what is called creeping empiricism. In other words, when faced with a problem outside of any theories based on common sense, as they understood it, they took some legislative and enforcement measures. If measures proved effective, they were left in the system. If it turned out to be ineffective, then the system rejected them. But all this is not described in the theory of state and law, or in economic theories.

If we talk about economic theories, then Roosevelt adviser, and then Kennedy on economic issues, John Kenneth Galbraith (John Kenneth Galbraith) wrote two interesting books. In the book "Economic Theories and Goals of Society", published by 1973, he shows that the real economy of the United States does not correspond to the nonsense that is being taught in US universities under the guise of economic theories, that there are serious systemic problems in the United States caused by the lack of government planning and regulation the economy as a whole. These problems include ecology, the quality of education available to the masses of the population, medical care. It is interesting that Galbraith attributed to the real sector of the art sector, painting, sculpture - all that creates aesthetics of the environment in which we live. From the point of view of Galbraith, this is part of the real economy. He noted that the longer the society refuses to introduce this new ineptual socialism (because it is caused not by ideological predilections, but by the problems that society faces and by objective ways that solve these problems), the greater the cost to society will have to pay for their unwillingness to think and act.

In the last book, The Economics of an Innocent Deception, Galbraith once again returns to the idea that economic theories that are taught in universities have nothing in common with the real economy, they themselves are the product of the errors of those who wrote texts and mislead those who studies these theories in universities, and then, on the basis of these theories, tries to conduct practical activities in the financial or real sector of the economy.

This is the ratio of the Constitution of 1936 and the Constitution of 1993 in the aspect of the economic provision of society. Moreover, the Constitution of the USSR determined the planned nature of housekeeping for the following reasons:

1. Elimination of economic crises in case of market failures;
2. The need to meet the cultural and material needs of the entire population, and not just some of its social groups at the expense of the rest of society;
3. Ensuring the defense capability and scientific and economic independence of the country from the outside world.

In recent years, the myth has been cultivated that there is no fundamental difference between Stalinism and Hitlerism and that the USSR, especially in the Stalin era, was a totalitarian state in which human rights were suppressed. The difference between Hitlerism and socialism back in those years was rather briefly explained by Lion Feuchtwanger (German Lion Feuchtwanger, July 7, 1884, Munich - December 21, 1958, Los Angeles - a German writer of Jewish origin. One of the most widely read German-speaking authors in the world. He worked in the genre of historical novel). From his point of view, fascism prohibits proving and convincing people that 2x2 = 4, and socialism in the USSR prohibits proving and convincing people that twice two is five. This is a really fundamental difference. Nevertheless, this myth exists, and if the USSR, as it is believed, was a totalitarian state, then the question arises, are these problems reflected in the constitution of the era of developed totalitarianism or not?

In the Constitution of 1936, Chapter 10 Basic rights and obligations of citizens. Pay attention to the difference in formulations - RIGHTS and OBLIGATIONS. In the Constitution of 1993, in Chapter 2 "Rights and Freedoms of Man and Citizen" not a word about duties. Moreover, freedom in this case is understood in the sense of liberalism, although in Russian the grammar and morphology of the word "freedom" is such that FREEDOM is an abbreviation: Conscience Guidance by God This. That is, it is a dictatorship of conscience, which in most cases, if we begin to follow it, is a dictatorship more abruptly and worse than any dictatorship in any totalitarian state. Because if there is a conscience, you will not be fooled by it, and if someone has achieved that she has put her to sleep, then anything can happen.

Art. 118 Constitution 1936 G.:
Article 118. Citizens of the USSR have the right to work, that is, the right to receive a guaranteed job with payment for their labor in accordance with its quantity and quality.
The right to work is ensured by the socialist organization of the national economy, the steady growth of the productive forces of Soviet society, the elimination of the possibility of economic crises and the elimination of unemployment.
Article 119. Citizens of the USSR have the right to rest.
The right to rest is ensured by setting a seven-hour working day for workers and employees and reducing the working day to six hours for a number of professions with difficult working conditions and up to four hours in workshops with especially difficult working conditions; the establishment of annual vacations for workers and employees with the preservation of wages; the provision of a wide network of sanatoriums, rest homes, clubs to serve the workers.

Article 120. Citizens of the USSR have the right to material security in old age, as well as in the case of illness and disability.
This right is ensured by the extensive development of social insurance for workers and employees at state expense, free medical care for workers, and the provision of a wide network of resorts for the use of workers.

Article 121. Citizens of the USSR have the right to education.
This right is ensured by eight-year general compulsory education, the broad development of secondary general polytechnic education, vocational education, specialized secondary and higher education on the basis of the link between education and life, production, full development of evening and distance education, free education of all types, and public education. scholarships, training in schools in their native language, organization at factories, state farms and collective farms of free industrial, technical and agricultural onomical training of workers.

Article 122. Women in the USSR are granted equal rights with men in all areas of economic, state, cultural, and social and political life.
The possibility of exercising these rights of women is ensured by providing women with equal rights to work, pay, rest, social insurance and education, state protection of the interests of the mother and child, state assistance to mothers of many children and single mothers, providing women with pregnancy during holidays with maintenance, a wide network maternity homes, nurseries and gardens.

Article 123. Equality of rights of citizens of the USSR, regardless of their nationality and race, in all areas of economic, state, cultural and social and political life is an immutable law.
Any direct or indirect restriction of rights or, conversely, the establishment of direct or indirect benefits of citizens depending on their race and nationality, as well as any preaching of racial or national exclusiveness, or hatred and neglect, are punishable by law.

Article 124. In order to provide citizens with freedom of conscience, the church in the USSR is separated from the state and the school from the church. Freedom of worship and freedom of anti-religious propaganda is recognized for all citizens.

Article 125. In accordance with the interests of the working people and in order to strengthen the socialist system, citizens of the USSR are guaranteed by law:
a) freedom of speech;
b) freedom of the press;
c) freedom of assembly and rallies;
d) freedom of street processions and demonstrations.
These rights of citizens are ensured by providing workers and their organizations printing houses, stocks of paper, public buildings, streets, communications and other material conditions necessary for their implementation.


If we turn to the text of the Constitution of 1936, then all the freedoms that the current Constitution of 1993 proclaims, as the Constitution proclaims, perhaps in a slightly different wording. The difference is that liberal market economic model respecting all these rights does not guarantee, and planned management based on a scientifically sound planning methodology, consistent with the laws of the biosphere, social, sociocultural patterns, and economic patterns, can guarantee the realization of all these rights and freedoms.

It is no secret that when the text of the Constitution of 1936 was submitted for national discussion and published, many cultural figures, political figures abroad described it as the most democratic Constitution. If we refer to its text, the abuse of power of 1937 and all subsequent abuses of power do not find the basis in the text of this Constitution. I.e law enforcement practice really is not from the text of the Constitution, but from mentality, morality and ethics people. And if in our country for several centuries the psychology of the overwhelming majority of the population was shaped by serfdom, then for several decades the existence of Soviet power couldn’t change. In addition, the Constitution does not reflect many of the conspiracy aspects of history and politics and, accordingly, real political practice. The reality is that I.V. Stalin was forced to defend himself against the internationalism of Marxism-Leninism and its bearers, relying on bureaucracy. He could not rely on broad popular support, because the psychology of most people at that time was either sharply negative towards both Stalin and socialist construction, or emotionally enthusiastic: Stalin is a Great Leader and Teacher, and he thinks for us. Where is your initiative? There was no initiative, either, or, when it manifested itself, its bureaucracy quite often suppressed it. Again, if you refer to the documents of that era, it turns out that the draft bulletin for electing deputies of all levels initially contained several columns. That is, the elections were supposed to be on an alternative basis. But the bureaucracy was not profitable because its power was undermined. And in general, before the elections, it produced terrorist companies, as a result of which many were killed, or turned out to be a Gulag contingent for more or less long periods. Moreover, if we analyze the source of repression, the source of repression was the Trotsky-Leninist guard in the special services of the USSR, and the victims were the most qualified professionals from the level: the best beekeeper of the area, the best mechanic of the plant, ending with really outstanding scientists and technicians. What was it for? This was necessary for the implementation of the Trotskyist project of defeating the USSR in the upcoming war and in order to bleed the Stalinist regime in personnel terms.

Now there is another topic: Citizen and state power.

Constitution 1993 not determines the right to nominate candidates for deputies, not obliges them to accountability to voters, not provides for the right to recall the deputy. All this remains in silence, and it is these particular features of the Constitution that provide legal opportunities for the government in the Russian Federation, contrary to the Constitution’s declaration that the people are sovereign, to be truly clan-mafia and autocratic, not dependent on society and suppressing it.

What is the difference between the 1936 Constitution? The fundamental difference is that the right to nominate candidates for deputies of all levels is held by labor collectives, public organizations: the ruling All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks was also among the public organizations.

The second peculiarity was that the elected deputies continued to work for the most part in the teams that nominated them or from whom they were elected. They received a normal salary, like everyone else in accordance with their professions and lived the life that their voters lived. Sessions of the Supreme Soviet of the Union and the Supreme Soviet of the Union Republics were convened twice a year. What privileges did the deputies have? The privileges were mainly related to the performance of their parliamentary duties: an extraordinary receipt of tickets, the preemptive right to use hotels and rest rooms at railway stations and airports, if a deputy went on vacation or was driving for business reasons. Everything was subordinated to the expediency of public administration. In addition, the Constitution directly provided for the regular reporting of deputies to voters and provided for the right to recall deputies of all levels at any time. In between sessions, the Soviet government was represented locally by the executive committees, the city executive committee, the regional executive committee, and at the republican level by the presidiums and councils of the respective levels and the government, which was accountable to the councils. Moreover, the supreme bodies of state power were represented by two councils, the Council of Nationalities and the Council of the Republic or the Council of the Union, respectively. Any law was adopted on the principles of equality of the Soviets. If one of the chambers did not adopt the law, the organization of the conciliation commission was assumed. If the law was not adopted in the second vote at the next session, then the dissolution of the Supreme Council of the Union or the Republic and extraordinary elections followed. If we analyze the rights of deputies, the competence of councils of different levels, the rights of citizens on the election and nomination of deputies, it turns out that the Constitution of 1936 was aimed at ensuring real democracy. This was guaranteed by the direct nomination of the candidate by labor collectives, the work of deputies in the period between sessions. In addition, there were mandates of deputies. That is, if there is a problem, citizens can issue it as a mandate to the deputy. It should have been registered with the relevant board. This should have been an item on the agenda of the regular session of the council, and the decision had to be somehow communicated to the citizens.

If these principles were not implemented in life, and the reality was that the nomenclature of the party and the Soviet government led and manipulated the whole process of nominating and electing candidates, then it is not the Constitution that is to blame, but the mentality of the society it was in that era.

The current Constitution does not guarantee or guarantee anything that guaranteed what the Constitution of 1936 required. The political practice based on it is such that the election of deputies is now carried out on the basis of party lists, which form the parties themselves. That is, if in the USSR the party was one and its party nomenclature manipulated the entire process of reproduction of the cadre corps of the state, now many parties and the media are manipulating this, which are supported by one or another group of the big bourgeoisie, like the parties themselves.
Next, another interesting thing. The current Constitution provides for the following procedure for its amendment, Art. 134:

Article 134
Proposals for amendments and revision of the provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation may be made by the President of the Russian Federation, the Council of the Federation, the State Duma, the Government of the Russian Federation, legislative (representative) bodies of the subjects of the Russian Federation, and a group of at least one-fifth of the members of the Council of the Federation or deputies of the State Duma.


That is, public organizations do not have the right to initiate legislation in the aspect of discussing the Constitution. And all the legislation created on its basis supports the independence of the bureaucratic-deputies from society and, thus, the current Constitution and the legal system built on its basis do not provide the schemes and procedures provided by the legislation for changing the current legislation on the initiative of any public organizations or other legally unformed community initiatives. Thereby, the current Constitution provokes a revolutionary situation if the gap between the interests of the authorities and the interests of the people will continue to grow.

In addition, if the 1936 Constitution explicitly proclaimed that the activities of the Ministry of Finance, the government are subordinated to the country's socio-economic development plan, the current Constitution and the Legislation on the activities of the Central Bank are structured so that the list of foreign agents should be headed by the Central Bank of the Russian Federation. The fact that his leadership is not appointed by Wall Street, but that the candidate is submitted by the President, and the Duma argues that it does not play a fundamental role, because the Central Bank is guided by commercial interests in accordance with the Law on its operation, and commercial interests are formed by transnational global usurers corporations, who have usurped banking for several hundred years.

Banking is economically necessary. Still, macro level accounting and macro level accounting should be carried out in the economy. But usury is one thing, and accounting, transfer payments - is another.

The USSR Constitution says nothing about usury, but, nevertheless, lending rates were mainly at the level that ensured the self-sustainability of the banking system and, in part, interested citizens in keeping their savings not in a mattress, but in savings banks. But the economy was under the dictates of the plan, and if the plans and methodologies of planning were at the proper level, then the pace of economic development and the level of well-being and development of the culture of the USSR would have been much higher than it really was. It was necessary to change the system of planned indicators, and the principles of macroeconomic management by the middle of the 50-s, based on the fact that I.V. Stalin wrote in the paper “The Economic Problems of Socialism in the USSR”, which in principle focused on building a more effective system of macroeconomic management than the one that was in the Soviet Union in Stalin times and even more so in the Khrushchev-Brezhnevskys.

In general, the Constitution 1936 g. Can be characterized by the words: that we do not store, losing crying. Objective regularities of the biosphere as a whole, objective regularities of life of a biological species, Man Reasonable, sociocultural regularities, economic regularities are such that if we want to solve the problem of society and social development, the 1936 Constitution will have to be returned under pressure of circumstances, and the ideas that are in it concluded to develop, but already taking into account the fact that there is a sufficiently general theory of control, there are ideas about the full function of control and how it is implemented in the economy on macro and micro in the ears. And if, again, to give a general description of the Constitution of 1936, correlating with the level of culture that was, then it was not logically contradictory and it did not contain hidden reservations that would deny what it proclaims.

The 1993 constitution is logically contradictory and, moreover, contains implicit omissions that inherently accompany the principles proclaimed in it, such as the fact that everyone is guaranteed freedom of economic activity without any reservations about the organization of exploitation. In general, it does not allow society to develop culturally and economically. This is the totalitarian Constitution of financial slavery.

This raises another question. Here was the Constitution of 1977 g, the so-called Constitution of developed socialism. If you do not go into the analysis of its texts, and pay attention only to key episodes, then, in fact, it was a test of society for intellectual and moral readiness to abandon the achievements of the period of building socialism and communism in the USSR. This found its expression in two points:

1. the term "workers' deputies" was replaced by the term "councils of people's deputies". What is the difference? Yes, the fact that among the people there are not only working people, there are those who simulate labor activity, there is an outright criminality that does not consider itself obliged to work for the good of society and considers it possible to join the system of exploitation of man by man and carry it out on unlawful grounds, which is what distinguishes the criminals from the legal bourgeoisie and other exploiting classes. Society recognized the replacement of the expression "working people's deputies" by the expression "people's deputies" without any objection. But this replacement legally allowed the parasites to nominate their own deputies, and some of the deputies did indeed become parasite's deputies, not workers' deputies.
2. The second point. Article 6 of the 1977 Constitution (This is the notorious article around which various social forces fought during the perestroika period.): The CPSU is the leading and guiding force of Soviet society, the core of its political system, state and public organizations. The CPSU exists for the people and serves the people. (What would seem to be objections?) Armed with the Marxist and Leninist teachings, the Communist Party determines the general perspective of the development of society. What is the Marxist-Leninist teaching? Realistically, this is an expression of the same biblical concept, only in secular forms. The philosophy of diamat is actually a substitute for dialectic logic. Even before the appearance of diamat in Russia, Khomyakov Alexey Stepanovich first pointed to this, analyzing Hegel's philosophy. By default, this article of the 1977 Constitution removed society from state power and transferred the full state power to the nomenklatura of the CPSU and the state and economic bureaucracy that had merged with it, which by that time had become the exploiting classes, but they did not need the ideals of socialism. Therefore, they have become the driving force of adjustment.

This analysis of the Constitution can be completed. If we go to the substance of the question, then the current Constitution represents a real danger to the future of the people and the country. In addition, due to the service orientation of the liberal-market economic model, it carries in a hidden threat of economic genocide (remember Thatcher's statement: the existence of 15-20 million people is economically justified on the territory of the USSR), and besides, again, due to the service orientation of the liberal-economic model, it carries hidden threat of dismemberment of the country on industrial holdings, territorial boundaries, whose activities will become state borders of post-Soviet states. One of the presidential candidates who did not pass at the elections, after the elections, announced the theses that the administrative boundaries within the Russian Federation should be changed so that they correspond to the territorial distinction between the production of various large companies. In fact, Prokhorov announced the first stage of the project for the further dismemberment of the country on the basis of the current Constitution.

History has shown that the texts are in themselves, and the life of society and law enforcement practice is in itself. If you look at it from the standpoint of Enough General Management Theory, the system of legislation and its core, the Constitution, is a system of unstructured management of the life of society. Who manages? Interested sectors of society. The attitude to the power of all interested layers is always autocratic, that is: "I want to rule." Another thing is how this ability of ruling in this society is realized, who opens the way and how. How does the rest of society relate to this? If in the rest of society there is what is called legal consciousness, awareness of their rights and awareness of their obligations towards society and the state, then interests of legal consciousness bearers in the state express legislationif there is no legal conscience, then the Constitution and the legal system as a whole are not needed for banderlog, whatever that system may be, whether it is the Constitution of the Kingdom of God on Earth, or the Constitution of ideal slavery, which implements the principle of "a fool loves work, and a fool is happy about work." The threat to the rule of law on the basis of the current current Constitution is denial of banderlozhestva the bulk of the population because there is an objective law of control - the conformity of the control system to the control object. What is it expressed in? For example, there are two similar aircraft, the Boeing 747 and IL96-300. If we load the Boeing control algorithms into the IL96 autopilot, the ILXXUMX will be broken, and vice versa. This is a universal law, and not some voluntarism of those who wrote a sufficiently general management theory. This is a real practice of life in all areas of activity.

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  1. Valery Neonov
    Valery Neonov 12 December 2013 07: 05 New
    25
    hi I will say briefly: The 1936 USSR Constitution warms my soul! yes
    1. Civil
      Civil 12 December 2013 07: 37 New
      +5
      The theory of a social contract, as an assumption of the people as the main source of power in Russia, does not work. The people are sad, but there is no other; we love what we have. For not having a stamp, we write in closet. The creation of a national state, when due to nationality people are equal is impossible without collapse. The creation of a right-wing state failed because of a reluctance to take the responsibility of the people upon themselves. Thus, the state authorities are the source of power, the state is still separated from the people by it, in their unwillingness to solve social problems.
    2. vladimirZ
      vladimirZ 12 December 2013 08: 02 New
      21
      The 1993 Constitution of the Russian Federation, due to the fact that it was adopted:
      - in the conditions of the dictatorship of the US Yeltsin puppet, after the tank execution and destruction of the highest legislative body of Russia - the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation;
      - at the suggestion of US advisers who filled all the corridors of the Kremlin;
      - in the context of manipulation of its approval and election;
      - with the mines of self-destruction of Russia embedded in it,

      need to change!
      And the faster, the better for Russia, no matter what the liberals and their representatives in power, representatives of the 5th column in Russia say.
      1. I do not care
        I do not care 12 December 2013 09: 06 New
        +5
        In Russia, life goes on by itself, and legislation is the legal justification for the arbitrariness of those who have one or another power status.
        need to change!
        Your suggestions
      2. STALGRAD76
        STALGRAD76 12 December 2013 12: 14 New
        +2
        There is a need to change ourselves! No one will do anything useful for us, for us.
        1. alone
          alone 12 December 2013 18: 28 New
          -1
          Find me at least one constitution, which is bad or restricts a couple of citizens. It's not the constitution, the problem is that from top to bottom everyone is trying to circumvent the law and the constitution.

          Quote: STALGRAD76
          There is a need to change ourselves! No one will do anything useful for us, for us.


          Absolutely fair comment. First you have to change yourself!
  2. Alexander Romanov
    Alexander Romanov 12 December 2013 07: 10 New
    +7
    The point is to compare the constitutions of different times and different reigns. Introduce Stalin’s constitution now and what it will lead to confusion, at least where and how to go next is not clear, but you will have to break everything down and then rebuild again. .... it makes no sense. But to make changes to the current one is completely correct and without loss for citizens is quite appropriate. The USA, as they lived in capitalism, still live, but to say that the US constitution protects the rights of citizens today is a lie. Human rights in the USA end when cop.a comes up to him Sometimes enough to have a toy gun or machine that would put an end not only rights, but also to life itself.
  3. soldat1945
    soldat1945 12 December 2013 07: 10 New
    +7
    Academician Petrov is dead, but I look at the matter, these guys would have real managerial experience, in theory they have a lot of things to do, but just to realize everything in modern conditions is a feat!
  4. makarov
    makarov 12 December 2013 07: 18 New
    +9
    Mikhail Viktorovich Velichko - Born in the city of Kaluga of the RSFSR in 1957, in 1980 he graduated from the Leningrad Shipbuilding Institute, until 1990 he worked in the USSR Navy. After 1990, he was engaged in sociology in its various aspects. Currently, Ph.D. in Economics, associate professor of the Department of Sociology, Political Science and History, St. Petersburg State Agrarian University, head of the sector of the Pushkin Center for Analytical Research and Forecasting.

    Clever man!!!
  5. Igor39
    Igor39 12 December 2013 07: 40 New
    +6
    The 1936 Constitution was in effect in real life, now it only exists, we know what it is in effect, but in whose interests?
    Prisoner Overseer Serving Food Plate
    Prisoner: I have to put meat ...
    Overseer: Right? Eat ..
    Prisoner: So it is not supposed to be?! ...
    Overseer: Not allowed? Do not eat....

    It would be funny if it were not so sad .....
  6. demotivator
    demotivator 12 December 2013 07: 47 New
    12
    Quote from the text of the article:
    "... the current Constitution poses a real danger to the future of the people and country."
    You can’t say better, you can’t compare further. Well, Happy Constitution Day ?!
  7. Grandson of Veteran
    Grandson of Veteran 12 December 2013 07: 54 New
    +2
    "Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev buried all this."
    Why are we so lucky with these "undertakers" ?! Lenin, Khrushchev, Yeltsin ...
  8. demotivator
    demotivator 12 December 2013 07: 54 New
    +9
    The average citizen of our country lives in two disjoint "realities." One of them convinces him from a blue screen that a great energy power is rising from its knees, inflation is only 6%, and life is getting better and more fun. And in the other he sees that the wallet is getting thinner after paying unpretentious products for dinner for the family and paying for the always hungry monster of the housing and communal services.
    According to socilogy, at least 71% of Russians are poor. And another 29 percent, moreover, are poor by international standards. That is, about 90 percent of the population is poor or very poor. Thus, despite constitutional declarations that "RF is a welfare state", it is like that, over the past 20 years, NEVER BEEN!
    1. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov 12 December 2013 08: 54 New
      +1
      Quote: demotivator
      According to socilogy, at least 71% of Russians are poor.

      This is probably the number of cars on the road. Judging by the crowds in the shops, which are buying everything before the new year. To say that now we are beggars can a person who does not know what poverty is.
      1. STALGRAD76
        STALGRAD76 12 December 2013 12: 20 New
        +1
        Auto is not an indicator, "in debt as in silk" you know where the saying comes from?
        Most on credit and leasing.
        1. Alexander Romanov
          Alexander Romanov 12 December 2013 14: 21 New
          -2
          Quote: STALGRAD76
          Auto is not an indicator, "in debt as in silk" you know where the saying comes from?

          How many personal acquaintances have you taken with a car on credit?
          Quote: STALGRAD76
          Most on credit and leasing.

          Stop talking nonsense.
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. aviamed90
        aviamed90 12 December 2013 12: 40 New
        0
        Alexander Romanov

        Do you think that beggars must delve into the ploy?
        Well yes. Some do it. But most is trying live with dignity.

        And the presence of an old "penny", a deeply "second-hand" Jap or a new car, taken on credit for life under predatory interest not a sign of well-being yet.

        The world is changing and poverty criteria have changed.

        Besides:

        "Beggars are a category of people below the extreme poverty line and forced to live off donations or assistance from relatives, charities or the state." (VKP).

        "Poor is a person who does not have enough money to support himself, his family, a normal life." (dic.academic.ru).

        Notice! Live and provide without the services of a credit system, and honestly earning or received from anyone free help and support.

        The difference between the poor and the poor is not great.

        The state shares these things in its more exotic and subtle way.
        The word "beggar" is not directly pronounced. Synonymous words, Aesopian language and other wonders of linguistics are used.
        There are also low-income, homeless, large families, unemployed, people with disabilities and senior citizens, etc.
        1. Alexander Romanov
          Alexander Romanov 12 December 2013 14: 20 New
          -1
          Quote: aviamed90
          And the presence of an old "penny", a deeply "second-hand" Jap or a new car, taken on credit for life at extortionate interest rates, is not a sign of well-being.

          The last old kopeika was pointedly poured into concrete several years ago. With regards to the old Japanese women, you can buy the old one at the market for 5 thousand rubles. Nobody needs it in FIG. With regards to credit, you don’t have to lie, most people buy new cars far from scratch and does the first installment tell you anything?
          Quote: aviamed90
          Notice! Live and provide without the services of a credit system, and honestly earned or received free help and support from someone.

          You probably bought a computer on credit, and you probably have to pay for the Internet. You also understand that there are enough children here, otherwise you wouldn’t buy a computer or a computer.
          Quote: demotivator
          According to socilogy, at least 71% of Russians are poor.
          And you say ...
          Quote: aviamed90
          The word "beggar" is not directly pronounced.

          Who is in such a big deal, so don’t have to shag grandmother. I remember how I lived in 2000 and compare with how I live now and not only me, but also the people around me.
          1. The comment was deleted.
          2. aviamed90
            aviamed90 12 December 2013 16: 27 New
            +5
            Alexander Romanov

            "The last old kopeik was poured into concrete several years ago."

            You may have been flooded, but they are driving here. Not everyone lives in Moscow.

            "You probably bought a computer on credit, but you probably have to pay for the Internet. And you also understand that there are enough children here, otherwise you wouldn't have bought a car or a computer for yourself."

            What do I have to do with it? I’m not building versions about how you bought a computer or connected to the Internet.
            But I know a lot of people who live like that.
            In addition, I drew your attention to the fact that the criteria for poverty have changed. Now homeless and mobile phones have and do not consider it a luxury.

            "Someone is in that much, so do not need to shaggy grandmother. I remember how I lived back in 2000 and compare it with how I live now and not only me, but also the people around me."

            Why are you doing this?
            I also remember how I lived in 2000, but besides me and those around me, there are other citizens and, believe me, not everyone lives as well as you and I!

            Exactly so - the word "beggar" is not directly pronounced.
            And here is the proof:

            "Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, running for president of the country, said that every citizen of the Russian Federation should be able to realize his potential, provide for his family and have free choice, while this freedom should be based on the foundation of justiceaccording to Novye Izvestia. According to the candidate, the state is obliged to create conditions so that the rights of every citizen of Russia are reliably protected, and so that everyone can ensure a decent standard of living for their family through their work and entrepreneurship, while socially vulnerable citizens must be provided with reliable social guarantees, in particular, decent pensions. The Prime Minister also promised that in the future state employees in Russia will receive a wage increase and new housing. According to Putin, "a working person in Russia will not be poor"." (Site "allnews.ua1.ru", article "Putin: a working person in Russia will not be poor" dated 13.01.2012, SakhaNews news agency).

            Note that the word "beggar" has been tolerantly replaced by "poor." And this is said about the citizens, which work (i.e. benefit society and the state).

            What about these promises?
  9. vladsolo56
    vladsolo56 12 December 2013 07: 58 New
    11
    Many may disagree. The right to freedom of speech in the USSR was only declarative, but this is not the most important right for a person. That’s the right to work, the right to housing, these rights in the USSR were unshakable and fulfilled. Now nobody cares whether you can find a job or not, whether you have a roof over your head or not. Families with children can be driven out into the street, such is our constitution. And the most shameful thing is that they are selling the land, the land of our ancestors, which is the homeland for many. What is it if not a disgrace to those who drafted and adopted this constitution.
    1. DimychDV
      DimychDV 12 December 2013 08: 20 New
      0
      Is it possible in more detail? With quotes, with acts permitting these things. For how long, within what limits, is the pricing procedure? Who is allowed?
      1. vladsolo56
        vladsolo56 12 December 2013 14: 02 New
        -1
        Quote: DimychDV
        Is it possible in more detail? With quotes, with acts permitting these things. For how long, within what limits, is the pricing procedure? Who is allowed?

        and you don’t seem to know? is this news for you?
    2. MrK
      MrK 25 May 2017 14: 38 New
      0
      Quote: vladsolo56
      The right to freedom of speech in the USSR was only declarative


      I do not agree. PEOPLE, AS A RULE, DO NOT UNDERSTAND THE ESSENCE OF FREEDOM OF WORDS - BECAUSE THERE IS NOT AND DOES NOT HAVE FREEDOM OF WORDS WITHOUT THE OBLIGATION OF MANAGERS TO LISTEN !!! Therefore, the cunning British came up with Hyde Park. Speak as much as you want, but whoever, from those in power, will listen to you. Perestroika destroyed the obligation of leaders to listen to people in the USSR and THERE DESTROYED FREEDOM OF SPEECH FOR THE WHOLE PEOPLE.
      In the USSR it was not so. Yes, there was no real bourgeois freedom of speech in the USSR, but there was a duty to listen! Here is a personal example of the writer Mukhin Yu.I.
      “In the middle of the 80's, our plant got on its feet, the opportunity arose to take something from it, and the mass of officials began to show us how significant they are. It was a fun company - from the city prosecutor to the director of the bank. The latter made such a thing that I ran out of patience. According to the instructions of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions, we were obliged to distribute tea for free in hot shops and did this, like the rest of the factories, for decades. But the instructions said "deliver tea to the shops for free."
      And the director of the bank stopped paying our bills for tea to shops on the grounds that they are talking only about the free delivery of tea to the shops, and workers at the workplace should buy it in cash.
      It was my duty to supply the plant and, angry, I gathered all the facts together (without forgetting the prosecutor and the police) and wrote an article in Pravda with a delocratic proposal on how to deal with this bureaucratic bastard.
      Further, the case developed as follows. “Pravda” appeared in our rooms in the evening, and the issue with my article “Literally Tea drinking” appeared on Thursday. They read it on Friday, the director called me (an exceptionally smart and experienced leader) and ordered all the facts I mentioned in the article to collect documentary evidence. And he ordered all the documents to be taken home.
      On Saturday morning, he called my apartment and ordered him to go uphill with him. They were waiting for us: the second secretary of the regional committee, the prosecutor of the region, the commissar of the regional police, the director of the regional office of Promstroybank and a host of other regional officials. All who I criticized in the article were sitting there by the wall. By the way, the bank paid tea to the plant on Friday, at the same time the head of the traffic police personally broke all the barriers that he had previously put on the territory of our factory, etc.
      Then the chairman of the commission, the second secretary of the regional committee, began to ask questions requiring oral explanations. There were plaintive complaints from the wall that I supposedly perverted everything, but the chairman shut his mouth and listened only to me.
      On Monday, they called me to the regional committee, and I attended the sacraments all day — the regional committee wrote an answer to Pravda, the Central Committee of Kazakhstan and the Central Committee of the CPSU. They didn’t show him to me, but a journalist called from Pravda and read it to me on the phone with the question - do I agree with this answer? I did not agree. But even what was done by Pravda was already a huge help in the work, and the prosecutor has subsided.
      And a similar attitude to the press, to freedom of speech, was a general state rule. My director forced me to write answers to all newspapers, including my own factory circulation, if only they had at least a critical allusion to our factory or its employees. ”
      In the USSR, chatter for the sake of chatter was also not published in print. That's for sure.
  10. treskoed
    treskoed 12 December 2013 07: 59 New
    +4
    I believe that the value of the Constitution is not only in its text, and most importantly - in translating its provisions into everyday life!
    1. Asgard
      Asgard 12 December 2013 08: 58 New
      +2
      The text, these are words, and through the WORD the World was created around us. So this is IMPORTANT. Moreover, the world was created with the help of the Russian Great Language.... (I’ll write an article about this somehow)))
      ... We will analyze from the position of the Military Review-In the Constitution, Article 31
      there is such a word PICKET, it was such a card game (older people should remember, there are Hussars among us ????)) Well, We, People-Warriors are familiar with this word =picket-this armed detachment, ahead of the main forces. That is, the policemen will beat the people on this day, as they suspect a non-peaceful outcome, even of individual citizens.
      ....Privatization-This word can also be made out with the help of the Russian Language.
      in the Dahl Dictionary there is the same root word PRIVATIR - this is a private vessel, armed, with the permission of his government, to rob ...
      WHAT AND PRIVATIZATION DOES UNTIL THE TIME ....
      ...the Russian Federation-This is a meaningless phrase therefore they write the Russian Federation, the federation, according to the Ozhegov Dictionary: the state consists of “individual independent states united in a single state whole” Such a formulation is almost complete absurdity, since it is impossible to imagine how several independent states with their independent sovereigns can form one state with one independent sovereign.
      What STATES consists of, That ,,,, which Putin controls ?????? The Guarantor of the Constitution will not tell us))))
      ..Now about the multinational PEOPLE, which allegedly is Article 2.1. “The bearer of sovereignty and the only source of power in the Russian Federation))))
      In the Dahl Dictionary, PEOPLE are “people born in a certain space; people in general; language, tribe; the inhabitants of the country speaking the same language ..........., about the measurement on the basis of -ANALITY-which was introduced in Europe in relation to the genera born there, there are only words that are not good from the point of view of the Russian person)))
      That Wait There and planted)))

      And YOU say the words are not important. Everything is important, my friends, AND WORDS are the bricks from which the WORLD is made, if the bricks are different, of low quality (DERMOCRATIC)) then the stability of "BUILDINGS" will not be on such a Foundation.
      THE WORLD OF RUSSIAN COLLAPSE .... since everything, even the basis of the state in the Dermocracy))))
      1. Asgard
        Asgard 12 December 2013 11: 26 New
        -1
        Here is a Video on the topic of the Word ... Often Apollo makes videos in this vein.
        about the "black constitution" of the country with an analysis of the inclusion of universal concepts ...
        As you can see, this text was written by low-SPIRITUAL "people"


    2. STALGRAD76
      STALGRAD76 12 December 2013 12: 29 New
      0
      The fact of the matter is that there are many "correct" theories and who is able to implement in practice ??
      NO ONE!!!
      In this historical period, no one will undertake the arrangement of a country, region, city, district, street, yard, playground, even if a person has to do it on a daily basis .....
      Just a fact, I will not write why and what to do
  11. Grbear
    Grbear 12 December 2013 08: 09 New
    +6
    It is quite difficult to fight on the opponent's territory. So it is here. There are a lot of terms tightly woven into lace formulations, which must be analyzed separately, but in the context of the previous ones. Where is it to understand the "carrier of legal awareness" what .

    And still it is necessary:
    • Simplify the system of legislative initiative with the subsequent (popular or professional) discussion.
    • Restore the responsibility of deputies to voters.
    • Return the priority and authority of the State in relation to strategically important sectors of the economy in the interests of the whole society.

    For the first time, more than enough hi .
    1. DimychDV
      DimychDV 12 December 2013 08: 23 New
      +4
      Since I am one of those gates that the whole people, on the basis of the status of SOURCE of power given to me by the Constitution, I command:
      >> Return the priority and powers of the State in relation to strategically important sectors of the economy in the interests of the whole society. >>
      RETURN !!!
      Tomorrow I'll go and ask - why, damn it, they did not nationalize the wealth of the subsoil.
      WHY, you understand !!!
  12. saag
    saag 12 December 2013 08: 19 New
    +5
    Quote: Veteran's grandson
    Why are we so lucky with these "undertakers" ?! Lenin

    Are you, my friend, a monarchist?

    Quote: Alexander Romanov
    But to make changes to the current one is quite right and without loss for citizens it is quite appropriate

    And what will citizens gain when making changes (unless of course the current system allows this to be done)?
  13. Alex66
    Alex66 12 December 2013 08: 29 New
    12
    Socialism involved wide sections of the population in building a bright future for the country, while capitalism is selfish in nature, it is building a bright future for a small handful of elites. Therefore, socialism has a much greater chance for the future. Capitalism is a cancerous tumor in society that absorbs all the juices in itself.
    1. MrK
      MrK 25 May 2017 14: 48 New
      0
      Quote: Alex66
      Capitalism is a cancerous tumor in society.

      And business is its metastases. J. Alferov
  14. tank64rus
    tank64rus 12 December 2013 08: 59 New
    +8
    Clever article and detailed analysis. Thanks to the author.
  15. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 12 December 2013 09: 08 New
    0
    Principle Russia from the very beginning of its existence until August 29, 1949, was constantly under the threat of military invasion, barbarian nomads, "Christianizers", various militarists, carriers of "European values", "True Aryans" and other predatory trash hiding behind some regular beautiful a screen, it is clear that there is no time for discussions about "human rights" and the ideals of the Great French Revolution or the American Revolution, did someone threaten the United States from the very beginning of its existence? In the north, the British, constantly vibrating from fear for "India and the empire" in the days of the American crisis of 1861, they did not dare to attack, in the south of Mexico, there is even nothing to say, as soon as the Americans did not kick it, in the West-East they were ockled, a real paradise for the ripening of expansionism. Here you can talk about "freedom" and "democracy", but if bearers of "European values" are beating near your side or the tanks of "Isinnye Aryans" are warming up, there is no time for Keren's chatter. But after August 29, 1949, it was possibletackle this issue, but when Stalin began to do this, he was quickly removed and replaced with a moron in the person of Khrushchev and communism came for a "limited group of people", and since neither the Stalinist constitution nor the Brezhnev constitution legalized this "communism for their own", the USSR was quickly ditched, clicked "American comrades" who, by 1991, had already built "communism for their own" and under their "sensitive leadership" concocted a libel called the 1993 Constitution. The average American of 2013 is already cattle enough to not understand his haircut, for Russia it is not so, but the "comrades" are trying to destroy education and health care, so God knows what will happen next.
  16. pensioner
    pensioner 12 December 2013 09: 13 New
    +6
    None of the "authors" of the new Constitution has yet said that it was written under the dictation of amers. Maybe they didn't ask plainly?
    1. Valery Neonov
      Valery Neonov 12 December 2013 10: 03 New
      +4
      So after all, they don’t voluntarily recognize ... if with the help of ... yes
      1. pensioner
        pensioner 12 December 2013 11: 31 New
        +1
        The pear of pain was intended for homosexuals, blasphemers, liars and women who had abortions.
        It was inserted into the anus, mouth or vagina (depending on who sinned by what).
        The pear had 4 petals, which slowly opened during the rotation of the screw.
        I think so, there will not be enough pears here ...
    2. Andriuha077
      Andriuha077 12 December 2013 14: 38 New
      +2
      They have long admitted everything.



      google.ru/search?q=Chubais+told+the truth+o+privat
      1. vladimirZ
        vladimirZ 12 December 2013 15: 55 New
        +2
        Chubais is an enemy of Russia and its people. The time will come when he will be tried, in spite of any defenders, including those like Putin.
        The essence of Putin manifests itself in a video where he defends this crook and fraudster, who destroyed the Russian economy and millions of people for the sake of his maniac dream (the destruction of communism).
        1. alone
          alone 12 December 2013 18: 30 New
          +2
          Quote: vladimirZ
          Chubais is an enemy of Russia and its people. The time will come when he will be tried, in spite of any defenders, including those like Putin.


          As long as the Chubais system lives and the like will not only be free, but also govern and rule.
  17. Ustas
    Ustas 12 December 2013 09: 26 New
    +8
    The 1993 Constitution of the Russian Federation laid the bomb of contradictions between the main society of Russia and those who hold power. And this bomb will explode as in 1917.
    For the people will not be able to legislatively change this Constitution, in accordance with Art. 134 (people, workers' collectives are deprived of legislative initiative), then the Constitution will change in a revolutionary way. And so that this does not happen, those who are endowed with legislative initiative urgently need to amend the Constitution, amendments taken as a basis from the 1936 Constitution.
  18. evgenm55
    evgenm55 12 December 2013 09: 27 New
    13
    My maternal grandfather in 37 was dispossessed, stripped of his rights - in general, he fell under repression; in 40, he was drafted to the Red Army; he got cancer; and in 42, when the country was bleeding on the Volga and the Caucasus, his - an ordinary soldier, moreover, the repressed was treated and cured of cancer. He died in 98 in the midst of the "victorious march" of liberal democracy and capitalization. I remember how he swore and spat. He said: grandson, remember, more honestly, more just and I did not live calmer than under Stalin, and you, unfortunate ones, will still swallow tears and blood with your freedom and the market. What we have. If the deputies and senators really worked in their labor collectives, etc., received the same salaries as their comrades, and left only for sessions of the State Duma and the Federation Council, I think they would have a different attitude to the situation on the ground , there would be no anti-national, infringing and impoverishing laws, such as a project on payment for housing and communal services in advance for a month. Yes, you never know such perversions. Yes, everything was broken, perverted, lied, but this path also leads to the abyss. It's a matter of time. Or we will die out. , or become slaves. The author is well done - he revealed everything in detail and competently - a huge plus.
  19. Boris55
    12 December 2013 09: 41 New
    +6
    The fifth column wrote the constitution of 93 of the year under the dictation of American agents.


    According to Victor Scheinis, one of the authors of the Constitution of Russia, chief researcher at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the “presidential draft” of the Constitution was created under the auspices of three people, Sergey Sergeyevich Alekseeva, Anatoly Alexandrovich Sobchak and Sergei Mikhailovich Shahray, they were leaders in the process, but in all more than 800 participants participated in the Constitutional Conference, various lawyers worked. Sergey Shakhrai distinguishes two main authors of the constitution - himself and Sergey Alekseev. As a result of joint work, a new unified draft of the Constitution of Russia was developed, which was subsequently put forward by the President of Russia for a popular vote (in fact - for a referendum), and became the current Constitution of the Russian Federation as a result of the vote held on December 12 on 1993.

  20. yan
    yan 12 December 2013 09: 44 New
    +5
    Good clever article. Thanks to the author for the detailed presentation.
  21. Cpa
    Cpa 12 December 2013 10: 14 New
    +2
    Laws on the registration of citizens violate 27 article of the constitution on freedom of movement and place of residence, election laws violate the republican principles of government, the Federation Council has nominal functions, the executive branch (law enforcement agencies) gives legislative recommendations on the formation of laws - violation of the constitution. Orders of ministries and departmental directives differ in the interpretation of federal laws. The law on necessary defense violates the right to life. In allocating budgetary funds, the President ignores the government naoborot.Nasha constitution none of this and much more is not reguliruet.Zato at a thought no more cases like strengthen citizens for smoking and low beam.
  22. saag
    saag 12 December 2013 10: 16 New
    +1
    Only a revolution (as always has always been in the history of Russia) will save this country, the revival of the workers' international will make it possible to unite the people in the revival of the state on the basis of socialist principles, no evolutionary changes will be able to bring the expected result, as the current moment shows
    1. Boris55
      12 December 2013 11: 19 New
      -6
      Quote: saag
      Only revolution (as it always has been in the history of Russia) will save this country, the revival of the international workers will allow people to rally in the revival of the state on the basis of socialist principles, no evolutionary changes can bring the expected result, which is shown by the current moment

      What international and international are you with whom?



      For you this country, and for me - this is my homeland.
      Do you want the international again? Do you want us to feed half the world again? Why are you so obsessed with that?
      Say no evolutionary changes can change the social system - according to the biblical concept - yes! Not there and not that change.
      Russia has another concept that allows the evolutionary way to change the country without resorting to violence. Read the BER materials.
  23. Begemot
    Begemot 12 December 2013 10: 42 New
    +4
    Bravo author! Very accurately, not in the eyebrow, but in the eye! And if you go further and analyze our laws, it will become clear that financial and administrative slavery for the people as a "source of power" is very meticulously enshrined in legislation written and adopted in the last 20 years by the corrupt bureaucracy embracing the oligarchy.
  24. Galich Kos
    Galich Kos 12 December 2013 10: 44 New
    -6
    Good 1993 Constitution or bad, I can’t judge. But the fact that people themselves voted for its introduction in a popular referendum is a fact.
  25. The comment was deleted.
  26. major071
    major071 12 December 2013 11: 37 New
    +9
    Thanks to the author for the article. He knew that the 1993 constitution was written for a handful of oligarchs, and not for the people. But the analysis of "Stalinist" pleasantly surprised me. For a long time we were brainwashed by the fact that the 1936 Constitution was anti-popular, undemocratic, that it took away all the rights and freedoms of the country's citizens. In my opinion, everything is the other way around, it was in 1993 that rights and freedoms were taken away from us, replacing them with "pseudo-freedom" and "wrong".
    Happy holiday, comrades ???
    1. Andriuha077
      Andriuha077 12 December 2013 14: 15 New
      -1
      Since December 5, comrades!

      In the fall of 1935, the CEC of the USSR created the Constitutional Commission under the chairmanship of the Secretary of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks, I. V. Stalin and the 12 subcommissions. The new Constitution, as conceived by the authors, was to reflect an important stage in the history of the Soviet state - the building of socialism. On 12 on June 1936, the draft Constitution was published and debated over the next 6 months at all levels. For the first time, 75 million people took part in its discussion, 1,5 million proposals, additions, amendments published in the periodical were introduced. The new constitution was adopted on December 5 1936 of the year.

      Notes to the author: it would be nice to make a list of editions.
      en.wikisource.org/wiki/CSSR_Constitution_(1936)
      en.wikisource.org/wiki/CSSR_Constitution_(1977)
  27. teleset
    teleset 12 December 2013 11: 47 New
    0
    It seems to me that instead of st15 p4. in the constitution should be like that.
    The inalienable and non-alienable right to choose one’s own form of government, determine one’s relations with other nations, and develop one’s political, economic, and cultural life in accordance with one’s own inclinations and traditions.
  28. saag
    saag 12 December 2013 12: 31 New
    +2
    Quote: Boris55
    What international and international are you with whom?

    It seems in Russian what international was written
    Quote: Boris55
    Russia has another concept that allows the evolutionary way to change the country without resorting to violence. Read the BER materials.

    In an evolutionary way, to change the capitalist system to a more humane one? Do not create illusions, capitalism itself just does not go away. This very mentioned BER cannot change anything, just some common words.
    1. Boris55
      12 December 2013 13: 20 New
      -1
      Quote: saag
      It seems in Russian what international was written

      Communist International, Comintern, 3th International (1919 — 43), international organizationcreated in accordance with the needs and objectives of the revolutionary labor movement.

      That is, again, the proletarians of all countries unite, and are you sure that the German workers want to unite with workers from Muslim countries? Yes, and in Russia it seems to the labor emigrants somehow not very ...
      So what kind of international are we talking about, with whom, against whom and for whose happiness?

      Quote: saag
      ... This very mentioned BER cannot change anything, just common words.

      It only says that you do not own information on BER.
  29. Yarosvet
    Yarosvet 12 December 2013 12: 43 New
    -6
    The article is an indigestible mishmash of a mixture of speculation, a substitution of concepts and truth.

    Someone really wants to change the Constitution, only they are not in a hurry to demonstrate the replacement.
    1. Boris55
      12 December 2013 13: 48 New
      -1
      Quote: Yarosvet
      The article is an indigestible mishmash of a mixture of speculation, a substitution of concepts and truth.

      KOB laid out its analysis of the Constitutions, and boast what the Communists have proposed. Put something similar on VO, compare, discuss. Or other than how much more saliva we carry?
      1. Yarosvet
        Yarosvet 12 December 2013 14: 11 New
        +1
        Quote: Boris55
        KOB laid out its analysis of the Constitution, but boast what the Communists have proposed
        You already wrote me in the Communist Party? laughing

        Put something similar on VO, compare, discuss.
        Let's discuss - I propose the Constitution of the 36 year, with obsolete concepts removed from it and supplemented by a number of articles from the first 2 x chapters of the current one.

        Your opinion?
        1. Boris55
          12 December 2013 14: 23 New
          -1
          Quote: Yarosvet
          You already wrote me in the Communist Party?

          How did they hear - Democrats we ... Only here are pictures of certain thoughts wound ...



          Quote: Yarosvet
          Let's discuss - I propose the Constitution of the 36 year, with obsolete concepts removed from it and supplemented by a number of articles from the first 2 x chapters of the current one.

          The vinaigrette? - Not.
          1. Yarosvet
            Yarosvet 12 December 2013 14: 56 New
            0
            Quote: Boris55
            Only here are pictures of certain thoughts wound ...
            To the best of your depravity.

            The vinaigrette? - Not.
            Nope - read the first 1 chapters.
    2. cenych
      cenych 12 December 2013 13: 56 New
      +1
      So you, and people like you, do not offer a replacement for our guarantor, and change only this way lol
      1. Boris55
        12 December 2013 14: 14 New
        -2
        Quote: cenych
        So you, and people like you, do not offer a replacement for our guarantor, and change only this way

        In short:
        You propose to change the top by force and then by force, through a civil war, to impose its ideas in the regions.
        The KOB proposes a "power grab from the bottom" through elections. From local authorities to higher authorities. On completely legal grounds and without blood. For this we need stability. Putin provides it.
      2. Alexander Romanov
        Alexander Romanov 12 December 2013 14: 23 New
        +1
        Quote: cenych
        So you, and your kind, don’t offer a replacement for our guarantor,

        Smiled lol good
  30. washi
    washi 12 December 2013 13: 22 New
    +3
    To change the constitution it is necessary to change the social system.
    The tops voluntarily do not want this. But the lower classes do not yet have sufficient incentive and fear is available: it will be even worse (recalling the 90s)
    At the moment, the revolution from below will not pass.
    And only GDP can go for a revolution from above on the side of the people (given support from below), but unfortunately this will not happen.
    Looked at the beginning of his annual speech.
    Complete nonsense. He does not know the story.
    He does not know the laws of Ivan the Great, does not know the problems of Stolypin and the tsarist economy.
    1. The comment was deleted.
  31. Unisonic
    Unisonic 12 December 2013 13: 30 New
    -1
    Article 125. In accordance with the interests of the working people and in order to strengthen the socialist system, citizens of the USSR are guaranteed by law:
    a) freedom of speech;
    b) freedom of the press;
    at) freedom of assembly and rally;
    d) freedom of street processions and demonstrations.
    These rights of citizens are ensured by providing workers and their organizations printing houses, stocks of paper, public buildings, streets, communications and other material conditions necessary for their implementation.

    He laughed heartily at article 125 of the 1936 USSR Constitution.
    1. vladsolo56
      vladsolo56 12 December 2013 14: 06 New
      +3
      Quote: Unisonic
      Article 125. In accordance with the interests of the working people and in order to strengthen the socialist system, citizens of the USSR are guaranteed by law:
      a) freedom of speech;
      b) freedom of the press;
      at) freedom of assembly and rally;
      d) freedom of street processions and demonstrations.
      These rights of citizens are ensured by providing workers and their organizations printing houses, stocks of paper, public buildings, streets, communications and other material conditions necessary for their implementation.

      He laughed heartily at article 125 of the 1936 USSR Constitution.

      laughing is actually good, only for me this article is not the most important thing in the constitution, so that's it. What gives us freedom of speech today? Nothing power comes from the principle you were given the floor? say, the sense of only that word is a huge zero. According to the proverb, Vaska listens and eats.
      1. Sour
        Sour 12 December 2013 14: 29 New
        -2
        Quote: vladsolo56
        What gives us freedom of speech today?

        At least the fact that you can write whatever you like on this forum, without fear of getting on the bunk or standing against the wall. And if for you this is nonsense, so do not unsubscribe on the Internet. Leave this for those who value freedom of speech.
        Quote: vladsolo56
        only for me this article is not the most important thing in the constitution,

        And what is the main thing for you in the constitution? An article on the leading role of the CPSU? Yes it seems.
        1. vladsolo56
          vladsolo56 12 December 2013 15: 04 New
          +3
          You can not understand
          Quote: Sour
          And what is the main thing for you in the constitution? An article on the leading role of the CPSU? Yes it seems.
          For me, the main guarantees of work and housing, guarantees of education and medical care. And what are we writing here or not, is this easier for anyone? you? I somehow do not.
        2. Cpa
          Cpa 12 December 2013 19: 21 New
          +2
          Who in the Union put to the wall for scribble? !! Where did these stamps come from?
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. aviamed90
      aviamed90 12 December 2013 17: 14 New
      +3
      Unisonic

      Read the 1993 Constitution of the year - that's where the humor is! Have fun

      Especially when you compare it with reality and your daily life.
  32. Andriuha077
    Andriuha077 12 December 2013 14: 03 New
    +2
    4. No one can usurp power in the Russian Federation.

    The power in the Russian Federation is now seized by partyocrats, corrupt officials with unconstitutional party lists.
    The largest group seizes property and relentlessly stamps anti-people laws.
    Libero-Fascism in action. The complete libero-connivance for an uncontrolled ruling elite.

    The seizure of power or the appropriation of power is prosecuted by federal law.

    Not prosecuted.
  33. Kerch
    Kerch 13 December 2013 12: 31 New
    +1
    Yesterday an interesting program "Towards the Barrier" by Solovyov was dedicated to the Constitution of the Russian Federation. As a lawyer, it was interesting for me to listen to