Military Review

White Death from the Pamirs


In the Pamirs - the next armed clashes because of the control over drug trafficking. Dushanbe refuses to return Russian border guards to Tajikistan, and, consequently, the flow of deadly potion to Russia does not decrease.

The prosecutor's office of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region of Tajikistan (in the vernacular of GBAO known as the Pamirs) opened a criminal case on the fact of riots, resistance to the authorities and the seizure of weaponsoccurred in Khorog at the end of November. As a result of an armed incident that occurred between a group of young people and security forces, six law enforcement officers of the country were injured, two vehicles belonging to the GKNB and the Interior Ministry were burned down.

The incident was caused by the arrest of Sherik Abdulamidov, an employee of the Tajik Drug Control Agency (DCA), whom the security services accuse of stealing and illegal possession of weapons, organizing mass riots, and violence against a government official.

The current incident is just one of many armed clashes in the Pamirs, and almost all of them are related to drug smuggling from neighboring Afghanistan.

Recall that in the summer of 2012 in the Pamirs there was a real war between government forces and Pamir militants. According to official figures, 12 soldiers were killed during the fighting, and about 20 were injured. Losses from the militants - 30 people, 40 detained. However, according to journalists and human rights activists of the victims, there were significantly more — more than a hundred dead among the military and as many among civilians.

The special operation in the Tajik Pamirs began after government forces tried to detain the suspects in the murder of General Abdullo Nazarov, the head of the regional department of the State Committee for National Security (GKNB). According to the official version, Nazarov was killed at the entrance to the city of Khorog - the administrative center of GBAO - after a quarrel with Lieutenant Colonel of border troops, a native of Khorog Tolib Ayembekov.

Tolib Ayembekov was considered one of the four informal leaders of the Pamir who specialized in drug smuggling. He was the brother of the famous Abdumalon Ayembekov (better known as Lesha Hunchback), the main field commander and drug lord of the Pamirs, who was killed in 1994 year.

The correspondent of Rosbalt met with Lesha Hunchback in 1993: Abdumalon’s height was no more than 160, and a huge hump stood on his back. Outwardly, this man looked like a heavy handicapped person, and it was hard to believe that the Pamirian militants obey him without question. Ayembekov did not deny that he was engaged in drug smuggling, but he considered it his main task not to allow government forces or opposition fighters to enter the Pamirs.

“We don’t have industry, and winter lasts for half a year, and we cannot, like residents of other regions of Tajikistan, grow fruit. Drug smuggling is the only way for us to survive,” the famous mafia assured me.

In the arguments of Lesha Gorbaty there is at least a grain of truth. The poppy-growing Afghan peasants also reasoned, and NATO forces rarely destroy their plantations.

After the withdrawal of Russian border troops from Tajikistan, the Pamir border section became almost transparent. This region is especially convenient for smugglers. The Tajik and Afghan Badakhshan is divided by the narrow and shallow Pyanj River here, which can even be waded in the eastern Pamirs. In the western Pamirs, smugglers use an ordinary car camera as a means of transportation, to which the bottom is sewn, and wooden shovels are used as oars.

The ongoing armed clashes in the Pamirs show that the problem of drug smuggling is still relevant here. At the same time, one should not indulge in the illusions that the struggle is between smugglers and security officials - most experts assess these clashes as a struggle between competing interest groups in the same business.

The problem of drug smuggling from Afghanistan to the Pamirs cannot but worry Moscow, since then the lion's share of this deadly potion is shipped to Russia.

In this situation, it would be logical to agree with Dushanbe on the return of Russian border guards to the Tajik-Afghan border. To intercept them on the huge (more than 7 thousand km.) And poorly guarded Russian-Kazakhstan border is much more difficult than in Tajikistan. According to the head of the Federal Drug Control Service, Viktor Ivanov, about 100 thousand people die from drug use every year in Russia. And, first of all, people die in active and working age.

In this situation, it has long been expected that Moscow and Dushanbe will accept an agreement on the return of Russian border guards to Tajikistan. Many analysts predicted that this would be done at the September summit of the CSTO in Sochi, but, alas, these predictions did not come true. In part, why this agreement was never accepted is clarified by today's interview with Russian Ambassador to Tajikistan Igor Lyakin-Frolov to Kommersant. As a high-ranking Russian diplomat said: "Our Tajik partners say that they could, with the material and technical support of both Russia and the CSTO countries, provide reliable border security. The question of how to return Russian border guards to the Tajik-Afghan border is not our put. "

It causes strong doubts that the material and technical support of the CSTO countries will fundamentally protect the Tajik border from a deadly potion from Tajikistan.

"The main threat on the Tajik-Afghan border in the zero years today is not a threat to break through gangs, but drug trafficking. Meanwhile, for some it is a threat, and for others it is a magical source of enrichment. A source used not only by criminal groups of smugglers, but and those who are invested with power in Tajikistan, including representatives of law enforcement agencies. A stream of opiates from Afghanistan could not reach Russia without the participation of representatives of power structures of transit countries in this traffic, that is, including Tajikistan on "," Azhdar Kurtov, editor-in-chief of the magazine Russian Problems of National Strategy, told Rosbalt.

According to the expert, the authenticity of this version is evidenced by the fact that there is a strange coincidence: the release and compulsory distribution among the population of Tajikistan of shares for the construction of the Rogun hydropower station coincides with a fall in the figures for the detention of drug dealers in the country. “It is not difficult to assume that the Dushanbe authorities simply took the position:“ You give money to Rogun, and we turn a blind eye to how you earn them, ”said Azhdar Kurtov.

The fact that an employee of the Tajik Drug Control Agency was implicated in the last incident also testifies to the version of Kurtov. Therefore, it is hardly necessary to hope that the flow of the deadly potion to Russia will decrease.
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  1. makarov
    makarov 12 December 2013 08: 01
    The situation is very acute, but not stalemate. Maybe you should apply the principles of the use of drones by the Americans, and that ... on the Americans and roll up ...
    1. Sakhalininsk
      Sakhalininsk 12 December 2013 08: 52
      It is useless, here you need to do everything as an adult, first inform the elders and the heads of the clans, and that from where the caravan will go to the north, the evil shaitan cars will fly and throw a lot of big booms-booms directly to the villages, and so it will be until the caravans go north .
      Everything else from the evil one, only the language of hard power is easily accessible to the public from Afghanistan.
      1. Ingvar 72
        Ingvar 72 12 December 2013 09: 29
        Everything is much simpler. They refuse to return the border guards - the entry of a visa regime and the return of migrant workers within a week. They crawl on their knees, diminishing the return of the border guards. hi
        1. APES
          APES 12 December 2013 11: 16
          Quote: Ingvar 72
          entry of the visa regime and return of migrant workers

          good afternoon hi

          I think even this will be enough to reduce drug trafficking, because who is lucky with drugs?
          Quote: Ingvar 72
          Crawl on their knees, diminishing return

          worthy soviet past! and without this border guards do not return !!!
          1. Ingvar 72
            Ingvar 72 12 December 2013 11: 24
            Hi Andrew. hi
            Quote: APES
            I think even this will be enough to reduce drug trafficking, because who is lucky with drugs?
            You're right, Russia will benefit from this anyway. Either we control the drug flow by the border guards, or by visas we reduce the number of mules with heroin packs.
            The current government of Tachikiston will not be close to pendos, too many people are tied to Russia there, their head will be knocked off. So you can safely push, would be the Will. hi
            1. operrus
              operrus 12 December 2013 12: 19
              It is necessary to carry out a whole range of events, introduce visas, close borders and most importantly help Tajiks to stay in their homeland and work there.
            2. The comment was deleted.
            3. alone
              alone 12 December 2013 18: 41
              Quote: Ingvar 72
              You're right, Russia will benefit from this anyway. Or we control the drug flow by the border guards,

              Do we control or suppress the attempt to penetrate drug trafficking? otherwise it turns out as if you are proposing to replace drug couriers. request
        2. The comment was deleted.
        3. Not served
          Not served 12 December 2013 12: 13
          The migrant workers are interested in the construction complex as in free and cheap labor, and they have strong lobbyists. Look at least at the Pavshinsky floodplain ...
          Those. it’s not so simple anymore ...
        4. smersh70
          smersh70 12 December 2013 13: 37
          Quote: Ingvar 72
          belittling to return the border guards.

          atoms, they really will fix the situation ... they themselves haggled ... and roofed up .... brother, when he was there in '94 ... he said that the commander of the border detachment, major of the Republic of Armenia ... with a discount offered drugs in addition to the party Arrow ... bully
      2. tilovaykrisa
        tilovaykrisa 12 December 2013 09: 59
        Khimki from Syria can be utilized by throwing on the heads of these very elders.
    2. tilovaykrisa
      tilovaykrisa 12 December 2013 09: 59
      Tajiks from MSCs are home, mine the border, any donkey coming to the border to raid hail.
      1. Ingvar 72
        Ingvar 72 12 December 2013 11: 27
        Quote: tilovaykrisa
        to shoot any donkey approaching the border with hail

        Radically. laughing But why shoot a fly from a cannon?
      2. alone
        alone 12 December 2013 18: 44
        : lol, what you suggested is of course impossible, there are a lot of donkeys, so it’s possible without remnants of shells. But I wonder who put the advantages to this very original proposal?
  2. Dimy4
    Dimy4 12 December 2013 08: 02
    Alas, until the crops begin to be massively destroyed, the situation will not change. There is no hope whatsoever for the leadership of the republic, since they have their own percentage from traffic, and our border guards will be like shafts in one place of the body.
  3. Grandson of Veteran
    Grandson of Veteran 12 December 2013 08: 08
    "We have no industry, and winter lasts six months, and we cannot, like residents of other regions of Tajikistan, engage in growing fruit. Drug smuggling is the only way for us to survive," the famous mafioso assured me. "
    My dear man! How can I help you? Is that the bombing of the passes through which you drag this village to my country? Or tightly close the border of the Russian Federation with Tajikistan, so that your fellow Pamiri people (as they call themselves, have the "pleasure" to communicate) understand, no fruit, graze the sheep?
  4. svskor80
    svskor80 12 December 2013 08: 22
    You can also say "black death" from the Pamirs, meaning the heroin distributors of Tajiks and Afghans. And in Russia, too, there is a heroin lobby, there is a lot of money hidden there.
  5. Humpty
    Humpty 12 December 2013 08: 28
    It seems to me advisable to negotiate with the authorities of Kyrgyzstan on the return of Russian border guards.
    Most of the drugs from Tajikistan transit through Osh. The relief features of the border of Kyrgyzstan with Tajikistan and somewhat greater political stability could drastically reduce
    flow of drugs.
    On the photo is the Osh-Khorog road. in the Alai Valley.
  6. albert
    albert 12 December 2013 08: 28
    Maybe it's worth secretly spraying some chemistry over poppy fields from flying planes, or removing some aphids to eat the opium plantations on the vine. It will be more effective.
    1. smersh70
      smersh70 12 December 2013 13: 39
      Quote: albert
      So it will be more effective.

      better build borders .... remove corruption in government and put a reliable barrier ..that's all .......
  7. Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt 12 December 2013 08: 31
    1. Without paying attention to the cries of the world public, the Russian Air Force begins to treat opium fields with herbicides in Afghanistan; to remove poppy insect pest and biologically spread to Afghanistan; 2. security of this organization. 3. Strengthen border and customs control. 4. Repeatedly tighten punishment for drug distribution. 5. Nation's health is priceless.
    1. Humpty
      Humpty 12 December 2013 08: 40
      [quote = Stormbreaker]

      It is not easy to remove a special pest, the whole plant contains poison. Major officials of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan "cover" the drug trade.
      1. Thunderbolt
        Thunderbolt 12 December 2013 08: 56
        I am not an entomologist, but I think that in the light of the latest achievements of genetic engineering, our specialists in the forces to bring out the Colorado drug addict beetle wassat
        Quote: Humpty
        Major officials of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan "cover" the drug trade.
        Yes, it’s a well-known thing .. By the way, if Russia didn’t have a well-functioning drug distribution system under the reliable protection of the supervisory authorities, it wouldn’t make sense to bring the drug to us. We would catch the bagmen right at the Kursk station, in packs.
    2. Heccrbq.3
      Heccrbq.3 12 December 2013 10: 55
      Good measures, but not with this power in Russia. It is necessary that we die from beer, vodka, cigarettes, drugs, non-pumpers. honey service and stuff, stuff, stuff. And for the sake of reading who is to blame --- look at the emblem of Rosneft, Sberbank of Russia and the Jewish candle of the menorah. Do you believe in such coincidences?
  8. shurup
    shurup 12 December 2013 08: 46
    The annual loss of 100 thousand economically active population is a threat to Russia's national security. This allows you to talk with the Tajik authorities from a position of even brute force. If someone thinks to replace the decline with the same Tajiks who continue to multiply for money from the drug economy, then this someone also deserves brute force.
    Humanitarian aid is a better tool for the survival of fellow countrymen Lesha Gorbaty.
  9. VadimSt
    VadimSt 12 December 2013 08: 52
    One can endlessly talk about the transparency of the Tajik border, about the desire to return Russian border guards to the Tajik border, about the weakly strengthened Russian-Kazakh border, and so on, in all cases, we are talking about huge financial flows, and when Russian border guards return to the Tajik border, lives of Russian guys!
    And in 10 years, and in 50 years, the problem will remain, because the ruling clan of Tajikistan acts and will act as a competitor to the "Pamiris" in the drug trade, and it will be so. We need to start the normal organizational, engineering, technical and social equipment of the Russian border! In the long term, it will be much cheaper than endlessly "feeding" Tajikistan and others, thinking about the political curtsies of the "southern friends" and the consequences for Russia after the change of "friendly leaders", and even more so, it will exclude the possibility of participation and death of Russian border guards in an informal struggle for other people's interests. All the rest was and will be unviable - this is the East, with its eternal problems, intrigues and financial and political activity of China in the region.
  10. vlad0
    vlad0 12 December 2013 09: 10
    Or maybe nobody wants to solve the problem? This is beneficial to the Pamirs, this is beneficial to the leadership of Tajikistan, and probably to certain circles in Russia.
    If you wish, you can solve everything. After all, they practically solved the problem with Somali pirates. When was the last capture? I don’t remember either. And three years ago there were fifty of them a year. And the flow of drug trafficking can be blocked, only someone in the Kremlin needs to just want this.
  11. kaktus
    kaktus 12 December 2013 09: 22
    Not only drugs, but also infections pose a great danger! stop
  12. major071
    major071 12 December 2013 10: 05
    The question of returning Russian border guards to the Tajik-Afghan border is not raised by our Tajik partners. "

    And why raise such a question if half (or maybe all) of the Tajik government earns a lot of money from this. It is not beneficial to kill a chicken laying golden eggs. Poppy plantations in Afghanistan are covered by Americans, Tajiks themselves cross the border, and then all of Eurasia is in front of you. If drugs begin to rake at the state level - then the fight against them must be at the state level. But the Tajiks are generally well settled, half of the population is illegally in Russia, the second is illegally involved in drugs and still requires something. Send all to hell from Russia, let them block the border.
  13. Ivanovich47
    Ivanovich47 12 December 2013 10: 24
    Quote: "Therefore, it is hardly worth hoping that the flow of the deadly potion to Russia will decrease."

    Everyone understands. that the Central Asian "hole" on the Russian border is a well-oiled route for drugs to enter Russia. And judging by the reaction of the country's leadership, it does not know what to do with it. The inability of the relevant authorities to take control of the drug situation leads to the destruction of the young generation of Russia. We need the political will of the country's leadership to change the regime of crossing the state border in the CIS. The time for this has long come.
  14. 3935333
    3935333 12 December 2013 10: 25
    One thing is clear, 100 thousand people is not an indicator for our authorities. In general, you guys already wrote in the comments, but I will tell you one story (3 years ago). My close friend served just on the border with Kazakhstan (now, by the way, he is soaring in the perimeter of the Olympics) and was engaged in traffic. He wandered not only along the border from our side, there are many routes. So, all the small riffraff was taken with a probability of 80-90%. But large parties always go paid from the Pamirs to Moscow, etc. If parties are not paid for, then no "white death" in large volumes will come to our country! traffic is under CONTROL (of our generals) !!!
  15. ImPerts
    ImPerts 12 December 2013 10: 35
    Quote: VadimSt
    You can talk endlessly about the transparency of the Tajik border, about the desire to return Russian border guards to the Tajik border, about the weakly strengthened Russian-Kazakh border, and so on,

    For so many years of independence, the border could already be made in several rows, right down to mining.
  16. Ser
    Ser 12 December 2013 10: 49
    It’s a pity that Colonel of the PV of the Russian Federation A. Nazarov. A smart man was. Regarding the Tajik-Afghan border, it’s not so easy. Infusion and logistics cannot be done in any case. Only the presence of the PV FSB can solve the problem, and even that is not completely.
  17. vlad.svargin
    vlad.svargin 12 December 2013 11: 19
    For so many years of independence, the border could already be made in several rows, right down to mining.

    Or it is even easier to strengthen the border within the framework of the CSTO and stop the influx (even temporarily) of migrant workers from Tajikistan (they are also used for drug trafficking), and not pay the powers that be in Tajikistan (they probably milk the United States), who want both from some and from other "bonuses" to receive, while the whole world claims that "the East is a delicate matter).
  18. shpuntik
    shpuntik 12 December 2013 11: 28
    Tolib Ayembekov was considered one of the four informal leaders of the Pamir who specialized in drug smuggling. He was the brother of the famous Abdumalon Ayembekov (better known as Lesha Hunchback), the main field commander and drug lord of the Pamirs, who was killed in 1994 year.

    Tolib, Talib ... You need to bomb them! Despite the state borders. Could Dudaev slam on the phone.
    Reconnaissance - coordinate data - rocket flew. Combine test launches (necessary to extend the service) of ICBMs, with the destruction of laboratories, ringleaders, "gangways". The charge is not necessarily nuclear (just kidding). Although you can once to smell, with a small charge, on a plantation, for sobriety.
    There will be no big explosion, but pollution will last for many years. Such developments are:
    A cobalt bomb is a nuclear weapon whose shell is not made of uranium-238, but of cobalt-59. During detonation, the shell is irradiated with a powerful neutron flux, which leads to transmutation of cobalt-59 into the cobalt-60 isotope. Its half-life is a little over 5 years.

    You can also shoot at Colombia, at the "Golden Triangle". But ... They say that this business is run by the Baruch family, which is no smaller than the Rothschilds.
    Need political will.

  19. Stinger
    Stinger 12 December 2013 11: 53
    Anyone caught with drugs, no matter where, is forced to gobble her up in the wrong place. How many carried, so much ate.
    1. smersh70
      smersh70 12 December 2013 13: 41
      Quote: Stinger
      Anyone caught dope

      what naive you are)) that they catch all chtoli))) .. and how much they miss ....
      Quote: Stinger
      How many carried, so much ate.

      but what about the one who took how much they gave wassat
      1. alone
        alone 12 December 2013 18: 46
        I would make those who skip this product for bribes. Believe me, this is a more effective method. Let yourself feel this infection on their skin.
  20. Not served
    Not served 12 December 2013 12: 32
    It’s useless to set our border guards, as they will be between two enemies. those. there will be no rear. Or before that, clean up the whole Pamir as in the Red Army in the years 20-30.
    The idea with a "bad" dirty bomb is cool !!! It doesn't even have to be a powerful explosion, just mark the fields with isotopes, and all the products will "glow". And figs where you hide it, well, except for lead containers.
    It is more difficult to remove the sore, there poppy is essentially in the homeland and in excellent conditions, i.e. like a weed. You know how to deal with weeds.
    But the problem is of course much more serious, if this source of income is taken away from the Afghans, and from the field commanders a source of excess income (I am not talking about the rest of the chain at all), then according to the idea they should be replaced with other sources. And what the Afghans know how and what they are ready to buy from them is only "war". Everything else requires very serious investments and not as the Americans invested, in fact they themselves plundered. Of course, we can say that these are not our problems, but they have already fought in Chechnya once.
  21. kair_kz
    kair_kz 12 December 2013 12: 38
    for drugs you have to answer very tough! or for life, or execution
  22. rudolff
    rudolff 12 December 2013 18: 50
    It’s not even worth talking about the return of our border guards to Tajikistan, we had little zinc coffins. Maximum mobile border detachments. And for good, this is a fully-equipped Russian-Kazakh border. Or a joint Russian-Kazakh guard of the southern border of Kazakhstan, the Kazakhs will not be able to cope alone. And the iron visa regime with all the Central Asian republics. The inclusion of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan in the customs union will be a big mistake, but even a common customs space should not automatically remove border controls. This is the main thing. And then everything else: special operations in northern Afghanistan, separate agreements with the Taliban, etc.