Deck Fighter-bomber F / A-18

35 turned years old yesterday as F / A-18 was adopted.


Deck Fighter-bomber F / A-18


The F / A-18 Hornet carrier-based bomber is today one of the most successful modern combat aircraft and the main combat aircraft. aviation US Navy. History its creation begins in the sixties of the last century, when Northrop designed the P.530 Cobra aircraft. Subsequently, being reworked, he received the designation YF-17 and in 1976 took part in the US Air Force competition to create a light multipurpose fighter. In it, he defeated the project of a similar aircraft of the General Dynamics YF-16. However, Northrop did not have the necessary experience to develop a variant of deck-mounted aircraft. Therefore, further work on the project was carried out in cooperation with the firm McDonnell-Douglas (from 1997, Boeing), who had such experience. McDonnell Douglas took up the development of the F / A-18 carrier-based fighter, while Northrop was developing the ground-based version of the F-18L. The F / A-18 carrier-based fighter was called the Hornet (Hornet).

In the end, the cooperation of the two enterprises turned into a litigation. Northrop accused McDonnell Douglas of illegally using its products. Douglas was able to stop the business, having paid off fifty million dollars. From now on, Hornet has become completely his project. A variant of the F-18L was never launched into mass production.

22 January 1976 announced the launch of the development of two single-seat options, McDonnell-Douglas F-18 and A-18. Later, the aircraft was named Hornet. He was a cantilever mid-plane with folding wings; the tail consists of two carinae, inclined outwardly, and one-piece stabilizers, one on each side of the fuselage, moving together or separately; retractable three-wheeled chassis included a nasal chassis, adapted to start with a catapult; there was a brake hook for landing on an aircraft carrier; The power plant consisted of two General Electric (General Electric) F404-GE-400 turbofan engines with 71 kN thrust.


YF-18A (third prototype)


The first of the 11 prototype aircraft took off 18 in November 1978 g. During the 12 months all 11 vehicles plus two two-seat training aircraft TF / A-18A (later renamed F-18B) were tested. The first F / A-18A production aircraft was delivered to the US Navy in May 1980. In the middle of 1980, the aircraft was improved by installing modern electronic and instrumentation equipment and equipping with Maverick AIM-120 and AGM-65F rockets, which were located on nine suspension nodes. The engine was replaced with a more powerful turbofan F404-GE-402. An upgraded aircraft, called F / A-18C, took off on September 3 1986.

When testing the aircraft was not without loss. In 1980, two Hornets were defeated. One failed the engine and there was a fire in the air. The second went into a flat spin and hit the ground. The pilots managed to eject. The latter case was particularly alarmed by experts: does the aircraft have a tendency to stall into a tailspin.



By design, the aircraft F / A-18 - monoplane of a normal circuit with a mid-winged cantilever wing, with two engines in the tail section and two-tail plumage. The fuselage is semi-monocoque design. Above, in the tail section, between the keels, there is an air brake. There, in the tail section, under the fuselage, a brake hook is provided. One of the important features of the "Hornet" are the elongated nodules (nadelki), coming from the front edge of the wing along the fuselage in the direction of air intakes. Large nodules, 5,5 m2, significantly increase the lift force at high angles of attack.

One of the distinctive features of the aircraft is the presence of large areas (5,55 m2) and complex irregular shapes in plan in front of the root parts of the wing. The influxes create a vortex lifting force and ensure the flight of the aircraft at large angles of attack. Between the influxes and the fuselage there is a gap for the removal of the boundary layer of the fuselage from the air intakes. During operation, increased stresses were noted in the rear part of the fuselage and the root part of the keels due to the influence of vortices on them, and since 1988 on F / A-18С fleet In the USA, small vertical ridges are installed on top of the flows, which serve to modify the vortices descending from the flows, with a corresponding reduction in structural fatigue and improved directional control at angles of attack above 45 degrees.



Wing "Hornet" - multi-spar, folding along the hinge joint. The relative thickness of the wing 5%, elongation 3,5. It has a complex system of mechanization: over the whole span - deflected socks, flaps, hanging ailerons with maximum deflection angles 30grad. and 45grad. . It is characteristic that the wing socks and flaps deflect automatically depending on the angle of attack and speed, which significantly increases speed in level flight and maneuverability in combat.

Stabilizer - all-turning, differentially deviating, used for longitudinal, and at supersonic speeds and partially transverse control of the aircraft.



Two arrowed keels have an insignificant angle of external camber and steering rudders of small area. In the upper part of the right keel is the radar radiation warning station antenna. The wing, tail, flaps, ailerons, manhole covers are made using composite materials, the total mass of which is 590 kg.

Chassis "Hornet" - tricycle. The main racks have one wheel each, after turning the wheels on the 90grad. they are retracted into the niches located under the air intakes of the engines. Nasal rack with two wheels retracts forward and has a bracket for attaching to the hook of the catapult. Pneumatics of the main pillars are 25x69 cm and nasal - 20x50, see. It is interesting to note that when operating an aircraft from an aircraft carrier, the pressure in the pneumatics of the racks is 24 kg / cm2, and from a ground runway - only about 12 kg / cm2. The "hydraulics" of the aircraft consists of two independent systems with a working pressure 210 kg / cm2 and is designed to power the actuators of control surfaces, brakes, brake hooks, guns, and other units.



The cockpit - sealed, equipped with air conditioning and oxygen supply. The lamp opens up - back, and the windshield, if necessary, leans up - forward. An ejection Martin-Baker type US10S is installed in the cockpit, providing emergency escape of the aircraft by the crew even in the parking lot. The control system of the aircraft is digital, electrical, with backup electrical wiring to all control surfaces and backup mechanical wiring to control the stabilizer.

Power point. On the YF-17, the YJ101 engines with a forced / unforced 6800 / 4290 kgf engine, with a bypass ratio 0,20 and with a full pressure ratio more than 20, were installed. The development of YJ101 was started by General Electric at 1971 at its own expense. For F / A-18 based on it was created TRNFX F404-GE-400 modular design. This is a two-shaft engine with three- and seven-stage compressors of low and high pressure, respectively, single-stage low and high pressure turbines (with cooled blades) pressure, and annular combustion chamber. Nozzle tapering-expanding adjustable. Electrohydromechanical engine management system. Bypass ratio 0,34, full pressure increase 25, air consumption 64,4 kg / s, engine length 4,03 m, maximum diameter 0,88 m, dry weight 989 kg.

The engines are separated by a titanium fire wall. Side lateral semicircular air intakes are located under the root wings of the wing. The boundary layer cutter juts out in front of each air intake approximately 1 m and removes the boundary layer of the fuselage, directing it up and down from the air intake, directly in front of the air intake, the cutter has perforations through which its own cutter boundary layer is removed. The slam-shut plane makes an angle of 5 degrees, with the direction of undisturbed flow and provides pre-compression of air at supersonic speeds.



Estimated glider life - 6000 flight hours, or 2000 takeoffs using a catapult and 2000 landings with an air suspension unit.

The internal fuel system tanks are located in the fuselage between the cockpit and the engines, as well as in the center section of the wing. Stock of fuel in them - 5000 kg. Together with the outboard tanks filled, the maximum amount of jet fuel reaches 7990 kg, which makes it possible to reach the maximum distillation range of 3800 km. On the starboard side in the forward part of the fuselage there is a retractable boom for refueling in flight. Tanks and the space around them are filled with flame-retardant foam.

"Hornet" is equipped with first-class electronic equipment that allows you to perform combat missions at night and in adverse weather conditions. It has two 16-bit on-board computer Control of Data AN / AYK-14, Collins inertial navigation system AN / ARN-118 TACAN, instrument landing system, radio compass, friend-to-alien identification system, radio altimeter, two VHF radio, warning system Magnavox AN / ALR-50 radar irradiation, EW system, device for spreading dipole reflectors, IR tracer and radio disturber.




In the cockpit there are three indicators: a multifunctional display, a display of the state of the aircraft’s systems and a situation observation indicator. All displays are interchangeable. In general, the Hornet’s electronic equipment includes a control system weapons, navigation equipment, radio communication and identification equipment, as well as EW facilities. Multi-mode digital pulse-Doppler radar "Hughes" provides tracking at the same time for ten targets and display information on eight of them. This radar operates in air-to-air and air-to-surface modes and provides aiming when firing from a cannon, launching guided missiles (UR) and bombing. At the "Hornet" applied another novelty in the equipment of the radar system. When performing operations on ground targets under containers for air intakes, containers are installed with Ford's IR system and a container with a laser target designation system and a Martin panoramic camera.


Cockpit F / A-18A



Rear cabin F / A-18B


The arsenal of weapons F / A-18 is very diverse. Built-in gun M-61-А1 "Volcano" caliber 20 mm. Ammunition - 570 shells, 4000 or 6000 gunfire / min. Rocket-bomb armament is placed on nine external suspension assemblies - one on the wing tips, two under each console and three ventral ones. Maximum load: terminal wing hangers - for 136 kg, outer and inner wing wings - for 1100 kg, under vent - 1090 kg and at the air intake - for 230 kg.



The air-to-air weapons on the Hornet include SE Sidewinder and Sparrow. On the plane, you can simultaneously install 8 such missiles. The air-to-surface class on the F / A-18 can be used by the Mavrick UR, the Harpoon anti-ship UR, the Harm anti-radar, and the Walley guided bombs and the Mk.82, -83 conventional bombs - 84. In addition, the Rokai cluster and nuclear bombs are UAB-2000. All this variety of deadly cargo (with the possible exception of atomic bombs) soon had to be applied in combat conditions.



In the middle of the 80-ies there was a difficult political situation in the Mediterranean. A number of Middle Eastern countries were swept by a wave of terrorism. According to US intelligence, the main base of the terrorists were on Libyan territory. At the beginning of 1987, the US 6 fleet, with UN approval, passed through the Strait of Gibraltar and launched a military operation against Libya. Soon it came to skirmishes in the air between the Libyan pilots on the MiGs and the Americans on the F-14 and F / A-18. As the conflict escalated, F / A-18 from aircraft carriers began to be used for assault strikes against missile bases and other military facilities in Libya.

October 15 1986-th aircraft, taking off from aircraft carriers, connected with a group of 18 "Hornets", flown from England. The purpose of the action "Eldorado Canyon" was to work together to strike at a military airfield in Benghazi. The main objective of the "Hornets" was the suppression of Libyan air defense. They were armed with AGM-88 self-guided missiles. When approaching the F / A-18 target, they were hit by C-75 anti-aircraft missiles, but jamming and anti-missile maneuver helped to avoid hits. The combat mission was completed. The military debut of the "Hornets" was successful, and their success was highly appreciated by military experts, once again confirming the opinion of F / A-18 customers that they were not mistaken in their choice.

Modifications:

YF-18A experienced fighter.
F / A-18A single-seat fighter-bomber. For the US Navy and the International Law Commission, the 371 aircraft was built (1980-1987).
F / A-18B (formerly TF-18A) is a double combat training version of the F / A-18A. For the Navy and USMC 39 serial built F / A-18B.
F / A-18S single-seat multi-purpose fighter with advanced avionics and weapons. First flight - September 3 1986, deliveries began on September 21 1987 and ended in 2000. Since the end of 1989, it is produced in the modification of Night Attack with equipment for all-weather night strikes.
F / A-18D double version of the aircraft F / A-18C. First flight - 6 May 1988, deliveries began in December 1989 and ended in September 2000. Available with equipment for all-weather night strikes. The modification for the KMP is made without a command post control of the aircraft in the rear cockpit and is designed to perform only combat missions, whereas the modification for the Navy has dual control and is used only for training tasks.
F / A-18E Super Hornet is an upgraded version of the aircraft.
F / A-18F Super Hornet double combat training option.
CF-18A and B are single and double versions for the Canadian Air Force. First flight - 29 July 1982, delivered 138, of which 40 CF-18B - from October 25 1982 to September 21 1988.
AF-18A and ATF-18A single and double options for the Australian Air Force. 75 aircraft were ordered, including 57 AF-18A and 18 ATF-18A, of which the first two were obtained from the USA, the rest were assembled or built under license and delivered from May 1985 to May 1990.
EF-18 single (Spanish designation C. 15) and double (CE. 15) options for the Spanish Air Force. 72 delivered from summer 1986 to June 1990
F / A-18D (RC) Double Scout with container system ATARS. Flight tests of the F / A-18 with reconnaissance equipment began on August 15 1984. Not serially built.
F-18L ground-based version. Serially not built.
F-18 HARV experimental aircraft for research in 1987-1994. flights at high angles of attack, thrust vector control systems using peripheral rudders and new ways to control the aircraft at high angles of attack (with the help of swivel ridges or jet blowing system located in the forward fuselage).


Characteristics of the Boeing F / A-18C "Hornet":

Developer Country: USA. Type: tactical fighter-bombarddi ¬ avschik deck and land-based.
Armament: one built-in 20-mm six-barrel gun М61А1 "Volcano"; bomb load up to 7030 kg, which may include air-to-air Class AIR-7M Sparrow, AIM-9 Sidewinder, AIM-120 AMRAAM; Air-to-surface class AGM-65 Mayvrick; anti-radar UR AGM-88 HARM; tactical KP AGM-84ESLAM and AGM-154 JSOW; KAB AGM-62 "Wally", GBU-10, GBU-12 nGBU-16; PCRAEM-84 "Harpoon"; bombs Mk.80; CBU-59 cluster bombs; nuclear bombs B57 or B61.
The number of suspension points - 9.
Engines: two General Electric TRDDFs F404-GE-402 with an afterburner 8035.

LTH:
maximum speed 1915 km / h;
combat radius as an 740 km fighter;
as a strike aircraft - 1065 km.
Ceiling - 15240 m.
Masses:
empty 10810 kg;
maximum takeoff as a fighter 15235 kg;
as a shock - 21890 kg.
Dimensions:
wing span (without SD at the wing ends) 11,43 m;
length 17,07 m;
height 4,66 m;
Wing area 37,16 m.

The result of the first major modernization of the F / A-18C / D Hornet, carried out by McDonnell-Douglas prior to its merging into 1997 with Boeing, was the F / A-18 Super Hornet fighter-bomber. For the first time, the new aircraft took off in November of 1995, and on January 15, 1999 of the VFA-122 squadron received the first production vehicle. "Super Hornet" has a number of differences from its predecessor. In particular, the basis of the improved avionics was a new radar "Raytheon APG-73", which was later installed on the F / A-18C fighter aircraft of later releases.
The built-in REP UES complex consists of three main elements: the ALR-67 (V) 3 radar warning system, the ALQ-214 radio frequency jamming system, and the fake ALE-55 false-target towed by a fiber-optic cable. True, while the last two systems are under development and testing, so now towed false targets ALE-50 are used on aircraft. The new modification has significantly reduced radar visibility from the front and rear hemispheres. The shape of air intakes, which are a strong source of reflection of electromagnetic radiation, has been changed. Air intake channels are curved down and sideways to reflect radiation away from the longitudinal axis of the aircraft. The internal surfaces of the air ducts are made of radio absorbing material. Instead of the grids covering the various suction and output openings on the aircraft, perforated screens were used that were “transparent” for electromagnetic radiation. Considerable attention was paid to fitting a large number of hull panels, and filling cavities between them, which also contributed to reducing the visibility of the aircraft. According to the developers, the Super Hornet aircraft implemented the most ambitious measures to reduce radar visibility among all modern fighters, with the exception of the F-22 and F-35. The F / A-18E fighter's cockpit is similar to the F / A-18C's cockpit, with the exception of one large-size multifunctional flat panel LCD display mounted on the dashboard instead of three cathode displays.



For the construction of "Super Hornets" at the aircraft factory in St. Louis was specially organized by the new assembly line. Rolling out the first experienced F / A-18 took place on September 18 1995, and on November 29 of the same year, he made the first flight. In February, the aircraft was transferred to 1996 at the Naval Aviation Test Center in Patuxen River. The three-year test program was attended by seven vehicles: five single F / A-18E and two double F / A-18F, all of them entered Patuksen-River in 1996, the planes flew ten test pilots: five "branded" and five military.



The appearance of the F / A-18E / F will allow the Navy to reduce the heterogeneity of the carrier-based aircraft fleet. It is envisaged that in the first quarter of the 21st century all deck-mounted wings (multipurpose, medium-range attack and long-range attack) lead to a new typical composition: one VF fighter squadron (JSF aircraft), three - VFA fighter-bomber aircraft (F / A-18E / F aircraft) and one support aircraft, as well as DRLO airplanes, 70 aircraft in total, including 38 multi-purpose Super Hornet fighters that will be in service until at least 2020.

The Super Hornet has a slightly increased size, which made it possible to take more effective measures to reduce the radar section. The fuselage is extended by 0,86 m, the oversized wing has a thicker profile and two additional external suspension assemblies. The size of the influx on the toe of the wing in the root part and the area of ​​the horizontal stabilizer and the carinae are increased. The airframe design of the Super Hornet fighter has been improved to reduce weight and reduce the cost of construction without sacrificing strength.



Airplanes are also equipped with advanced digital EDSU, a backup mechanical control system is absent. The F / A-18F Super Hornet is a two-seat version of the F / A-18E fighter. His back cabin has the same equipment on the dashboard as the front one, i.e., it can be used as a place for the operator of weapon systems, as well as for accommodating the trainee student. The US Navy initially intended to purchase 1000 Super Hornet aircraft, but then it was decided to reduce the volume of purchases. Currently produced 432 units of data machines. Currently, these machines remain the backbone of the aviation power of the US Navy, and this situation is unlikely to change in the foreseeable future.



Characteristics of the Boeing F / A-18 Super Hornet:
Developer Country: USA
Type: single-deck tactical fighter-bomber of deck and airfield bases
Armament: one built-in 20-mm six-barrel gun M61А2 "Volcano" with ammunition from 570 shells;
bomb load up to 8050 kg, the composition of weapons is the same as on the F / A-18C fighter.
The number of suspension points - 11.
Engines: two General Electric TRDTFs F414-GE-400 9990 kgf in afterburner mode.

LTH:
maximum speed at high altitude 1915 km / h;
combat radius as an attack aircraft when flying at high altitude with four bombs caliber 454 kg, two SD airborne AIM-9 "Sidewind" class and two dropping PTB - 1095 km,
with 135-minute patrols over the sea with six UR air-to-air and three PTB - 280 km.
Ceiling - 15240 m.
Masses:
empty 13865 kg;
maximum take-off 29940 kg.
Dimensions:
wing span of the 13,62 m (including missiles installed at the wing ends);
length 18,31 m;
height 4,88 m;
Wing area 46,45 m.

Sources:
http://www.liveinternet.ru/community/3629085/tags/fa-18+hornet/
http://www.militaryparitet.com/html/data/ic_news/157/
http://www.warships.ru/usa/Aircraft/Fixed_Wing/F-18_'Hornet'/Hornet.htm
http://www.modernarmy.ru/article/91
http://www.warships.ru/usa/Aircraft/Fixed_Wing/F-18_'Hornet'/Hornet.htm
http://www.airwar.ru/enc/fighter/f18.html
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  1. klimpopov 11 December 2013 09: 32 New
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    +7
    Thank you for the article! I enjoyed reading it!
  2. PROXOR 11 December 2013 09: 34 New
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    Read the whole article. Written carefully and in detail. The plane itself is a clean bomber. In aerial combat, he is weak.
    1. Bongo 11 December 2013 09: 57 New
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      Quote: PROXOR
      Read the whole article. Written carefully and in detail. The plane itself is a clean bomber. In aerial combat, he is weak.

      It cannot be called a “pure bomber”; in close combat, the F / A-18 is quite capable of standing up for itself. But his ability to intercept, really very limited. After the decommissioning of the US Navy F-14, the capabilities of long-range air defense AUG were significantly reduced. However, given the condition of our naval aviation, for Americans it is not critical.
      1. Argon 11 December 2013 15: 21 New
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        I allow myself to disagree, with the respected Bongo, the potential of the "air fighter" F-18 grows from modification to modification. However, even the F \ A-18A had some advantage in the range of detection and tracking over the MiG-23 \ 29. Su-33 pilots noted that in the review mode the F \ A-18C detects our planes earlier, but its ability to set a "target capture" is slightly lower than that of the Su-33. The "energy" versions of the R-27 gave great advantage to our decks in the DVB, however, the presence of the F \ A-18C AMRAAM missiles (the possibility of firing two or more targets at the same time, the possibility of launching in the "evasion process") made him the undisputed favorite at medium distances. At close range, the advantage passed to the Su-33 (NSC- "gap", P -73, work with OLS). Taking into account the fact that the Americans traditionally lead in the field of radar, AREP means, taking into account that the United States made a breakthrough in the field of solid-fuel gas-dynamic EI in the 2000s, it can be stated that the main problems of F \ A- 18E overcame. In the above privacy in the DVB zone he uses the AIM-120C7 (strike range of 120 km of deliveries to the Navy since 2006). So, there is no reason to consider the F \ A-18 even to some extent an "underfighter", but in terms of the totality of qualities demanded by a particular fleet (the United States, of course), it’s the best in the world.
        1. bif
          bif 11 December 2013 16: 13 New
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          I agree with your arguments, but agree that the combat radius and 8 tons on the external sling (including the PTB) are not enough for an attack aircraft, but the interceptor functions are very weakly expressed
        2. bif
          bif 12 December 2013 00: 02 New
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          Quote: Argon
          However, even the F \ A-18A had some advantage in the range of detection and tracking over the MiG-23 \ 29

          A rather interesting series of translated articles about training air battles between the MiG-29A and F \ A-18C, which took place from 1990's to 2000's in Europe. All the features of both aircraft, so to speak from the first persons.
          http://suavia.info/page/23/
    2. EvilLion 11 December 2013 13: 42 New
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      Better than the F-16 actually.
    3. postman
      postman 11 December 2013 14: 44 New
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      Quote: PROXOR
      In aerial combat, he is weak.

      Do you think so?


      In April 1987, the F / A-18 aircraft manned the aerobatic demonstration team of the US Navy "Blue Angels",obviously not like
      Quote: PROXOR
      clean bomber jacket
      is used?


      In an embodiment, the F / A-18E / F fighter with a maximum take-off mass of 29,9 tons is capable of speeds up to 1,9 thousand kilometers per hour and to fly at a distance of up to 2,3 thousand kilometers.

      The combat radius of the aircraft is 722 kilometers. Super Hornet is armed with a 20 mm cannon and equipped with 11 suspension points for weapons with a total weight of up to eight tons.

      F / A-18 was built under license in Australia (75), delivered to Canada (138) and Spain (72), ordered by Switzerland (34), Kuwait (40) and Finland (64)

      F-18 HARV: Highlights of High-Alpha Program
  3. avt
    avt 11 December 2013 09: 51 New
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    Well written. good This hornet will serve for a long time, there are no real eamenas yet.
  4. Wiruz 11 December 2013 09: 58 New
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    It’s unusual to say such things about American technology, but the plane is pretty pretty. Replacing it with an F-35 penguin looks really stupid.
    1. vinni
      vinni 11 December 2013 15: 07 New
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      ... Especially when you consider that the company has proposed a significantly improved (in terms of reduced visibility) version of Super Hornet (sometimes there is Silent Hornet in the press). By the criterion of "efficiency-cost" is certainly better than the F-35. But the thing is different - the American military-industrial complex rules the ball ...
    2. Vovka levka
      Vovka levka 11 December 2013 16: 19 New
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      Quote: Wiruz
      It’s unusual to say such things about American technology, but the plane is pretty pretty. Replacing it with an F-35 penguin looks really stupid.

      Do not flatter yourself, they are well aware of what they are doing. And the main thing is the F-35 vertical take-off and unification. Yes, the process is going hard, which is not surprising. But the opportunity has a full fighter with vertical take-off, this makes it possible for a wide-ranging maneuver, and this is very serious.
  5. Makarov 11 December 2013 10: 09 New
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    yes ... sensible plane .. now they don’t)
  6. Andreitas 11 December 2013 12: 37 New
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    F-18 is the best there is in US aviation at the moment.
    1. postman
      postman 12 December 2013 00: 46 New
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      Quote: Andreitas
      F-18 is the best there is in US aviation at the moment.

      The best (today) that the US Air Force has is F-15 Eagle / F-15E Strike Eagle



      F-15 ACTIVE

      in flight over the Mojave desert on April 14, 1998.




      http://www.boeing.com/assets/pdf/defense-space/military/f15/docs/F-15SE_overview



      . Pdf


      The most popular and cheapest is the F-16 Fighting Falcon:



  7. Fitter65 11 December 2013 12: 45 New
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    The 7th photo shows the tail of the F-14, but it’s a good article about a good airplane. As they say, it’s better to note the 35th anniversary of the Hornet than the 95th Solzhenitsyn.
  8. standby
    standby 11 December 2013 12: 46 New
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    Competently! Thank! But, I would replace one word:

    power plant consisted of two turbofan engines of the General Electric (General Electric) F404-GE-400 with a thrust of 71 kN.


    Rather turbojet !?
  9. Eugeniy_369
    Eugeniy_369 11 December 2013 12: 47 New
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    Available, in the case, informative, informative +++. The first time I read about a Hornet in a modeller, there were also illustrations for coloring the glider. The range of mounted weapons is impressive. For me, the workhorse of the Amer Deck Aviation, a kind of jack of all trades.
  10. Russ69 11 December 2013 13: 06 New
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    Like it or not, the plane is very decent ....
  11. Aleks tv 11 December 2013 14: 36 New
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    It was interesting to read.
    Thanks to the author.
    .................

    They tried to make a hornet with a multifunctional aircraft.
    How, in the end, did the Amer succeed?

    Our new lightweight MiG-29K as a multi-functional worthy of competing with a hornet?

    In aviation, the amateur is simply interesting.
    1. Nayhas 11 December 2013 18: 05 New
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      Quote: Aleks tv

      Our new lightweight MiG-29K as a multi-functional worthy of competing with a hornet?

      The Super-Hornet of the Block2 series is better compared with the latest Rafal modification with the AFAR radar (unfortunately there is no ship radar yet, but will be soon), here you can break more copies. The Mig-29K is weaker in many respects and unfortunately not entirely dependent on the machine itself. The Super Hornet has a radar with AFAR, the MiG-29K does not, the Super Hornet has a combat load of 8 tons, the MiG-29K has only 4,5 tons, the Super Hornet has engines with a resource of 4 thousand hours, the MiG-29K has a marine modification of the taxiway -33, I do not know how much the resource was increased, but before it was about 300-400 hours. The MiG-29K has one advantage, higher thrust-weight ratio, but Super Hornet does not really need it. Then the saddest thing begins. Because Super Hornet takes off from the catapult, it can carry the load and fuel supply to the maximum, MiG-29, for takeoff from the springboard, it is necessary to have a load and fuel reserve so that the thrust-weight ratio does not fall less than 1 unit. otherwise it just will not take off. Therefore, we will never see the MiG-29K taking off hung with ammunition on all pylons or with PTB.
      1. tomket 11 December 2013 22: 02 New
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        with 1999 the resource has been extended to 2000 hours, the resource on rd-33mk is promised up to 4 thousand, which is comparable with Hornet. If you wish, you can set the AFAR, as for taking off with clusters of bombs, well, take off with a minimum of fuel, and then refuel in the air, there is a bar for such cases. In addition, the basic concept of Kuznetsov, all the same, is the air cover of naval groups and submarines by an air group, it’s just the submarines that strike the enemy’s ships together with the Orlan series ships, and together with the Tu-22 regiments, in theory of course.
        1. Nayhas 12 December 2013 11: 02 New
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          Quote: tomket
          AFAR, if you wish, you can put

          The question is not desire. Our military has a desire, the question is whether it is possible.
          Quote: tomket
          Plus, the basic concept of "Kuznetsov" all the same, the air cover of ship groupings and submarines by the air group

          MiG-29K is positioned as a strike aircraft.
        2. boom_bah 16 December 2013 16: 17 New
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          of course in theory. Unfortunately, the main concept of Kuznetsov is now to get to the wall. and Tu-22 regiments in the near future are not expected, as well as the mass appearance of IL-78 (as for refueling in the air). yes, about the engine: nayhas had in mind the overhaul resource, because the assigned one can be drawn as you like, they will be exploited anyway according to their technical condition.
        3. kplayer 12 January 2014 20: 04 New
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          "... along with the Orlan series ships ..." - they said funny as if they were at least a dozen ships, and Tu-22 regiments were simply demolished. Poor “Kuznetsov” with two dozen Su-33s is simply obliged to keep the sky in the area of ​​action, attention !: ship groupings (!).
        4. The comment was deleted.
      2. bif
        bif 12 December 2013 02: 19 New
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        Quote: Nayhas
        Mig-29K is weaker in many respects and unfortunately not entirely dependent on the machine itself. The Super Hornet has a radar with AFAR, the MiG-29K does not, the Super Hornet has a combat load of 8 tons, the MiG-29K has only 4,5 tons, the Super Hornet engines with an 4 resource of thousand hours, the MiG-29K has a marine modification RD-33K , I don’t know how much the resource was increased, but before it was about 300-400 hours. MiG-29K has one advantage, higher thrust-to-weight ratio, but Super Hornet doesn’t really need it

        Your comparisons, as always with nothing but your own "authoritative" opinion, are not supported. The facts and characteristics indicated for the f-18 relate to the latest version of block2, but for the MiG you take data from almost the 80's. Let's approach objectively.

        1. Radar. The F / A-18E / F is equipped with the AN / APG-73 multifunctional pulse-Doppler radar with a maximum detection range of fighter-class air targets of the order of 80 km. It is capable of tracking “on the way” to 10 targets and simultaneously pointing at them four ammunition-type missiles AMRAAM with active radar homing, those. not afar, but AN / APG-79, which will appear after the modernization (block2. The station should be able to detect fighter targets at a distance of 150-165 km, but ONLY in 2009 year "Raytheon has announced the receipt of a US Navy contract worth $ 54 million, which includes equipping F / A-18E / F Super Hornet block II combat aircraft with APG-79 active phased array (AFAR) radars. Based on previous contracts, APG-79 radars it’s planned to install (instead of APG-73 radars) a total of X / NUMX F / A-38 Super Hornet block II vehicles. "

        On the MiG-29K, the Zhuk-ME radar, compared to the standard radar, has a 1.5 times longer detection range for air targets (up to 120 km.), Allows you to track 10 targets and simultaneously attack 4 of them. In the Zhuk-ME radar, a new air-to-surface mode and a terrain mapping mode are implemented in practice.
        A distinctive feature of the Zhuk-ME radar is also that it provides low-altitude flight, recognition of the type and class of targets, and operation on a hovering helicopter. Also not an AFAR, but there is a MiG-35 (aka MiG29m) there is a Zhuk-A with an AFAR capable of detecting enemy fighters at a distance of 200 km.

        2. Engines. Super Hornet. Maximum thrust: 2 × 6400 kgf
        Afterburner thrust: 2 × 10000 kgf, 4 hours.
        The MiG-29K has an RD-33MK Marine Osa - an upgraded version of the RD-33 engine. Maximum: 2 × 5500 kgf, Afterburner traction increased to 9000 kgf, resource - 4t.hours.
        1. bif
          bif 12 December 2013 02: 20 New
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          Read more.
          3.LTH. Super Hornet: Maximum speed: 1,7 + M, Combat radius: 726 km, Mass of fuel in internal tanks: 6559 kg (+ external 7430 kg = up to 5x 1 816 kg PTB), Combat load: 8051 kg on 11 nodes,BUT HERE ARE INCLUDING HERE AND EXTERNAL PTB, Thrust ratio: 0,93
          MiG-29K - speed up to 2300 km / h (M = 2,17), Combat radius Without PTB: 850 km, Mass of fuel in internal tanks: 4345kg (+ up to 4140kg in 5 PTB), Combat load: 4500 kg at 9 nodes (in including PTB). Thrust-weight ratio at maximum take-off weight: 0,84, and with 3000l of fuel (2300kg) and 4 * Р-77: 1,20.
          “It should be recognized that the F / A-18E / F fighter has a fairly high export potential. It is able to compete with such machines as the Su-30MK, Su-35, MiG-29M (M2), MiG-29K, F-16C / D Block 60, as well as EF2000 and “Rafal.” Its closest Russian counterpart, the MiG-29K, has comparable arms control system capabilities, better speed, altitude and maneuverability, but is somewhat inferior to the American rival in terms of “combat load / range. "At the same time, the Russian car is more compact (which is especially important when placing the fighters on aircraft carriers of small tonnage). "
          1. tomket 12 December 2013 09: 11 New
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            The Super-Hornet export is hindered by the f-35 program, which cannot be fully implemented in any way, while it hinders the promotion of the SeperHornet, someone is connected by sub-contracts on f-35, someone expects the f-35 to be a breakthrough for their Air Force in no hurry and in no hurry, which ultimately undermines the potential of f-18
          2. Nayhas 12 December 2013 11: 22 New
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            Quote: bif
            The facts and characteristics indicated for f-18 belong to the latest version of block2, but for the MiG you take data from almost the 80s. Let's approach objectively.

            I don’t see where you saw the differences. Block2 has been produced since 2008, for five years already, the conversion of the Super Hornets of the first modifications to the APG-79 radar has also been made since 2008, also for five years.
            You do not dispute data on the combat load; radars from AFAR to MiG-29K are not planned. The engine is still the same RD-33, but in a marine modification, what didn’t suit you?
            Quote: bif
            but ONLY in 2009, "Raytheon announced a $ 54 million US Navy contract

            For January 2007 APG-79 were installed on 28 cars, as of July 2008. 100 radars delivered. Block2 modification has been made since 2005. Those. Block2 option is at least half of the total quantity, in addition 135 previously produced machines are modified. The question is, how many MiG-29Ks were produced?
            All the alleged advantages of the MiG-29K that you listed are not significant. About the radius of action should only be said indicating with what load it is feasible.
            1. bif
              bif 13 December 2013 16: 29 New
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              Can you read? Only after fulfilling the contract from 2009 year f18 with Afar will become 38 pieces ... But God bless them, this is not important in principle, because maximum range of missiles aim-120c 120km, i.e. Even if the pilot sees earlier this will not help him much and both pilots can attack from the 120 km line, an important point is that no one will launch rockets from the maximum distance, because this gives a minimal chance of hitting ... therefore, in this case both aircraft are under equal conditions, mainly due to the properties of rockets.
    2. boom_bah 16 December 2013 16: 09 New
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      competes. if you don’t shoot)
  12. Nayhas 11 December 2013 15: 03 New
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    The author forgot to mention that since 2005. they put a radar with APG-79 AFAR on SuperHornet, although in the eighth photo it brought her image, so to speak. It would also be possible to give its characteristics. Well, about the nomenclature of weapons it would not be out of place to mention, all the same, the anniversary of the F / A-18E / F, 35 years old ...
  13. 0255 11 December 2013 16: 19 New
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    the airplane itself is beautiful. It is a pity that it is used, like all military equipment of the USA, for bombing backward countries whose governments are not acceptable to Washington sad
    Quote: article
    In the mid-80s there was a difficult political situation in the Mediterranean. A number of Middle Eastern countries have been swept by a wave of terrorism. According to U.S. intelligence, the main supporting bases of the terrorists were in Libyan territory. In early 1987, the 6th US fleet, with UN approval, crossed the Strait of Gibraltar and launched a military operation against Libya. Soon it came to a hassle in the air between Libyan pilots on the MiG and the Americans on the F-14 and F / A-18. As the conflict escalated, F / A-18s from aircraft carriers began to be involved for assault attacks on missile bases and other military facilities in Libya.

    And this is not a translation of the American cheers-patriotic article on the topic "The USA are the coolest"? The Pentagon does not pay the author for such articles? Or does the author truly believe that the United States is fighting exclusively with terrorists and for democracy?
    1. Witold 11 December 2013 19: 49 New
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      And here the policeman, if the piglet was killed by electric shock. The author just laid out those. aircraft characteristics. You probably have an attack of Great Patrioticism. Go drink some water.
      1. tomket 11 December 2013 22: 16 New
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        By the way, why isn’t Israel interested in Hornet as a single plane for the Air Force? Finns and in Australia and Canada have experience of using both air force planes.
  14. aksakal 11 December 2013 23: 21 New
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    Quote: Vitold
    And here the policeman, if the piglet was killed by electric shock. The author just laid out those. aircraft characteristics. You probably have an attack of Great Patrioticism. Go drink some water.

    the author of the Sabbath posted for the conviction, suggesting the statement of his own opinion. Do you dislike "Great Russian patriotism"? Have you already guessed where in this case you should go? If you don’t want to stomp there, please, be tolerant of this, if that’s what they put up with here, when Israeli people sometimes bring them around the corners. And refrain from evaluating such posts - let the Russians themselves deal with this.
  15. air wolf 12 December 2013 18: 24 New
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    Quote: klimpopov
    Thank you for the article! I enjoyed reading it!


    As a flyer))) Guys, this is an ordinary china airplane, which really didn’t fight either with the MiG-29 or with other modern aircraft.
  16. Airmax
    Airmax 25 March 2014 03: 23 New
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    Wonderful car with a great future!