Military Review

"Blood on the sleeve"

35
WHO KILLED LEGENDARY COMDIVE NICHOLAS SHCHORS?


In the Soviet Union, his name was a legend. Throughout the country, schoolchildren in class learned a song about how “the regiment commander walked under a red banner, his head was wounded, blood was on his sleeve ...” She is about Schors, the celebrated hero of the Civil War. Or, to put it in modern language, the field commander who fought on the side of the Bolsheviks.


This country knew Nicholas Shchors from the middle 1930h years. Greetings card.


Under the Democrats, attitudes toward Shchors changed. The current students about him almost did not hear anything. And those who are older know that the “red division commander” was a Ukrainian from Snovsk (now the city of Shchors of the Chernihiv region). After the outbreak of the First World War, he underwent an accelerated officer course and, with the rank of ensign, he went to the South-Western Front. He served as a second lieutenant.

After the establishment of Soviet power, Shchors became commander of the First Red Ukrainian Regiment. In January, the regiment occupied 1919 Kiev, where Shchors became commandant. The city was a bloody terror. Every day, drunk security officers shot hundreds of people. Shchors himself didn’t like executions, but he often indulged in vodka (it was said that cocaine also — although the White Guard “hit” with cocaine more).

It is difficult to judge his commanding talents: in the first major confrontation with the regular Denikin army, Shchors was defeated, and he died in October 1919 at the Beloshnitsa station. He was twenty-four years old.

"Blood on the sleeve"

On the same days, another legendary paint died in the Urals - Vasily Chapaev, who survived Shchors for five days. He became more famous - rather because the film “Chapaev” with the brilliant Boris Babochkin came out earlier and was more talented than the film “Shchors”.

This, in sum, is a short and fragmentary assessment of the personality of Nikolai Shchors, drawn from Moscow editions.

SHOT IN THE CELL

I learned about the fate of Shchors from his maternal grandson, Alexander Alekseevich Drozdov. He had a solid journalistic experience, the rank of lieutenant colonel and twenty-one years of service in the KGB. Eight of them spent in Tokyo, combining the work of a journalist under the roof of a Komsomolskaya Pravda correspondent and an employee of Soviet intelligence. Then he returned home, worked in 1988-1990-ies as the editor-in-chief of Komsomolskaya Pravda, and then headed the newspaper of the Russian parliament, the weekly Rossiya.

Once, when we were on a business trip in Kiev, Drozdov began to talk about Shchors and some family legends, and already in Moscow he showed materials on this topic. So in my mind, the image of the “Ukrainian Chapaev” (Stalin's definition) received a new interpretation.

... Nikolai Shchors was buried in the Orthodox All-Saints cemetery in Samara - away from Ukraine. Prior to this, the body without an autopsy and medical examination was forwarded to Korosten, and from there the mourning train to Klintsy, where a farewell ceremony was held for relatives and fellow officers from the beginning.

To the place of the last resting place Shchors was carried by a freight train in a zinc coffin. Before, in Klintsy, the body was embalmed. Doctors put it in a steep solution of salt. Bury in the night, in a hurry. In fact - secretly, avoiding publicity.

Shchors' civil wife, a member of the Cheka, Fruma Khaikina, wrote in 1935: “... The fighters, like children, cried at his grave. These were hard times for the young Soviet republic. The enemy, who felt the near death, made the last desperate efforts. Brutalized gangs cruelly dealt not only with the living fighters, but also mocked the corpses of the dead. We could not leave Shchors for the abuse of the enemy ... The political department of the army forbade the bury of Shchors in threatened areas. With the coffin of a friend, we drove north. The body, placed in a zinc coffin, was permanent honor guard. We decided to bury him in Samara ”(“ The Legendary Primer ”compilation, 1935 year).

The reason that the command went to such measures, became known only in the 1949 year after the exhumation of the body. Thirty years have passed since the death of Shchors. The surviving veterans sent a letter to Moscow in which they resented the disappearance of the commander’s grave. The authorities of Kuybyshev got a scolding, and in order to smooth the blame, they immediately set up a commission, which proceeded to work.

The first attempt to find the burial of Shchors was made in the spring of 1936, the excavations were carried out by the NKVD Office during the month. The second attempt took place in May 1939-th, but it also proved to be ineffective.

The place where the grave was located was indicated by a random witness for the funeral, a citizen of Ferapontov. In 1919, still a homeless boy, he helped the cemetery watchman. Thirty years later, on May 5, he led members of the commission to the territory of the cable plant and there, querying for a long time, indicated an approximate square where searches should be conducted. As it turned out, Shchors' grave was covered with a half-meter layer of rubble.

The commission found that "on the territory of the Kuibyshev cable plant (former Orthodox cemetery), in 3 meters from the right corner of the western facade of the electrical department, a grave was found, in which N.Schors body was buried in September 1919".

10 July 1949, the coffin with the remains of Shchors was transferred to the main alley of the Kuibyshev cemetery, a few years later a granite monument was erected on the grave, to which wreaths and flowers were laid on the red calendar days. Pioneers and Komsomol members came here who did not suspect that the truth about his death was buried along with the remains of Shchors.


Monument to Nikolay Shchors in Kiev.


Let us turn to the official document: “At the first moment after removing the lid of the coffin, the general contours of the head of the corpse with the hairstyle characteristic of Shchors, the mustache and beard were clearly distinguishable. A trace was also clearly visible on the head, left by a gauze bandage in the form of a wide, falling strip running across the forehead and along the cheeks. Immediately after removing the coffin lid, in the eyes of those present, the characteristic features, due to the free access of air, began to change rapidly, turned into a shapeless mass of a uniform structure ... "

Forensic experts have determined that the damage to the skull was “caused by a bullet from a rifled gunshot weapons". She entered the back of the head, and went out in the region of the crown. And here's the most important thing: "The shot was fired from close range, presumably 5-10 steps."

Consequently, Shchors was shot by someone who was nearby, and not at all by Petliura's machine-gunner, as many times it was reproduced in “canonical” books and a feature film. Is ... someone your own?

OAK AND KVYATEK

Now is the time to turn to the memories of eyewitnesses of that fight. In 1935, the world saw the Legendary Commander collection. Among the memories of relatives and friends is the testimony of a man in whose hands Shchors died, Ivan Dubovoy, assistant commander of the Kiev military district.

He says: “I remember August of the year 1919. I was appointed deputy commander of the Shchors division. It was under Korosten. Then it was the only springboard in Ukraine, where the red banner fluttered victoriously. We were
surrounded by enemies: on the one hand, the Galician-Petliura troops, on the other, Denikinians, on the third, the White Poles squeezed the tighter and tighter ring around the division, which by this time had been numbered 44. ”

And further: “Shchors and I arrived at the Bogun Bongardt Brigade. In the regiment, commanded by Comrade. Kvyatek (now Commander Commissar of the 17 Corps). We drove up to the village of Beloshitsy, where our fighters were in chains, preparing for the offensive. ”

“The enemy opened a strong machine-gun fire,” says Dubovaya, “and especially, I remember, one machine gun showed“ dashing ”at the railway booth. This machine gun also made us lie down, because the bullets literally dug the ground around us.

When we lay down, Shchors turned his head to me and said.

- Vanya, look how the machine gunner shoots accurately.

After that Shchors took the binoculars and began to look where the machine-gun fire came from. But after a moment, the binoculars fell out of the hands of Shchors, fell to the ground, the head of Shchors too. I called him:

- Nikolay!


But he did not respond. Then I crawled over to him and began to look. I see blood on the back of my head appeared. I took off his cap - the bullet hit the left temple and went to the back of the head. Fifteen minutes later Shchors, without regaining consciousness, died in my arms. ”

So, we see that the person in whose hands Shchors died, deliberately lying, misleading readers about the direction of the bullet's flight. Such a free interpretation of the facts makes you wonder.

The commander of 2 rank Ivan Dubovaya himself was shot in 1937 on the then standard charge of “treason”. The collection “The Legendary Chief Officer” was on the shelf of the special storage facility.

During the investigation, Dubovoy made a shocking confession, stating that the death of Shchors was his own work. Explaining the motives of the crime, he said that the commander had killed the person out of personal hatred and the desire to take his place himself.

The interrogation report from 3 December 1937 of the year says: “When Shchors turned his head to me and said this phrase (“ good machine gun from the Galicians, damn it ”), I shot him in the head from the gun and hit his temple. The then commander of the 388 Infantry Regiment of Kvyatek, who was lying next to Shchors, shouted: “Shchors were killed!” I crawled up to Shchors, and he in my arms, in 10-15 minutes, without regaining consciousness, died. ”

In addition to acknowledging Dubov himself, 14 of March 1938 made similar accusations against him to Kazimir Kvyatek, who wrote a statement from the Lefortovo prison addressed to People's Commissar of Internal Affairs Yezhov, where he indicated that he directly suspects Dubrov of the murder of Shchors.

Despite such revelations, no one filed charges of killing Shchors to Dubovoy. Moreover, the recognition had no consequences whatsoever and for many years lay on the shelves of the state security archives.

MORE ONE CANDIDATE

Researcher Nikolai Zenkovich, one of the largest specialists in historical riddles, spent a lot of time searching for the printed works of the former commander of the Bogunsky regiment. No trace. And suddenly, when it seemed that the last hope had disappeared, in the filing of the Ukrainian newspaper “Communist” for March 1935, the stubborn historian found a small note signed by the person sought.

So, Kazimir Kvyatek writes: “At dawn, on August 30, the enemy launched an attack on the left flank of the front, embracing Korosten ... The headquarters of the Bogun regiment was then in Mogilny. I left on the left flank in the village Beloshitsu. On the phone I was warned that the regimental headquarters in the village. Grave profits beginning comrade. Shchors, his deputy comrade. Oak and authorized by the Revolutionary Military Council of the 12 Army comrade. Tanhil-Tanhilevich. I reported on the phone the situation ... After a while, Comrade. Shchors and his entourage came to our front line ... We lay down. Tov. Shchors raised his head, picked up his binoculars to watch. At that moment, an enemy bullet hit him ... ”

In March 1989, the newspaper Radyanska Ukraina directly pointed to the criminal who shot Shchors with the approval of the Revolutionary Military Council of the 12 Army. The authors of the publication managed to get some information about it. Tanhil-Tanhilevich Pavel Samuilovich. Twenty six years. Originally from Odessa. Dandy. He graduated from high school. Quite tolerably expressed in French and in German. In the summer of 1919, he became the political inspector of the Revolutionary Military Council of the 12 Army.

Two months after the death of Shchors, he hastily disappears from Ukraine and is announced on the Southern Front, already as a senior censor-controller of the Military Censorship Section of the Revolutionary Military Council of the 10 Army.

The investigation was continued by the Rabochaya Gazeta published in Kiev. She published a really sensational material - excerpts from the memoirs of Major-General Sergei Ivanovich Petrikovsky (Petrenko) written back in 1962, but not printed for reasons of Soviet censorship. At the time of the death of Shchors, he commanded the Separate Cavalry Brigade of the 44 Army - and also, it turns out, accompanied the commander to the front.

“August 30,” says the general, “Shchors, Dubovoy, I, and the political inspector from the 12 Army, gathered to go to the units along the front. The Shchors car seems to have been repaired. We decided to use my ... We left 30 in the afternoon. Kasso (driver) and I are in front, Schors, Dubovoy and political inspector in the back seat. At the site of the Bogun brigade Shchors decided to stay. We agreed that I was going to Ushomir by car and from there I sent a car to pick them up. And then they will come to Ushomir to a cavalry brigade and take me back to Korosten.

When I arrived in Ushomir, I sent a car for them, but a few minutes later, on the field telephone, they said that Shchors was killed ... I rode astride Korosten, where he was taken.

The driver Kasso drove already dead Shchors to Korosten. In addition to Oak and the nurse, a lot of all people were attached to the car, obviously - commanders and fighters.

Shchorsa I saw in his car. He was lying on the couch, his head was bandaged helplessly. Oak was somehow in my car. He gave the impression of a person excited, repeated several times how Shchors died, thought, looked at the window of the car for a long time. His behavior then seemed to me normal for a man, next to whom his comrade was suddenly killed. Only one thing didn’t like it ... Oak-tree several times began to tell, trying to give a humorous tint to his story, as he heard the words of the Red Armyman lying on the right: "What bastard is it from a livert firing? .." The gun-case fell on the head of the Red Army man. A political inspector shot Browning, according to Duboviy. Even parting for the night, he told me again how a political inspector shot at an enemy at such a long distance ... ”

The general is convinced that the shot, which killed Shchors, came after the Red artillery smashed the railway booth, behind which it was located.

“When the enemy machine gun was fired,” says the general, “on Shchors they went to Dubovoy, on the one hand, and on the other, the political inspector. Who is on the right and who is on the left - I have not yet installed, but this is no longer significant. I still think that the political inspector was shooting, not Dubova. But without the assistance of the Oak murder there could not be ... Only relying on the assistance of the authorities in the person of Deputy Shchors - Oak, on the support of the Revolutionary Military Council of the 12 Army, the criminal committed this terrorist act.

I think that Dubova became an unwitting accomplice, perhaps even believing that it was for the benefit of the revolution. How many such cases we know !!! I knew Dubovoy, and not only by the civil war. He seemed to me a honest man. But he seemed to me and weak-willed, without any special talent. He was nominated, and he wanted to be nominated. That's why I think he was made an accomplice. And he did not have the courage to prevent murder.

The dead Shchors bandaged his head right there on the battlefield, personally Dubova himself. When the nurse of the Bogunsky regiment Rozenblyum Anna Anatolyevna (now she lives in Moscow) offered to be treated more carefully, she was not allowed to Dubova. By order of the Shchors Oak, the body was sent for parting and burial without a medical examination ... ”

Obviously, Oakova could not have been unaware that the bullet “exit” opening is always larger than the “entrance” one. Therefore, apparently, and forbidden to remove the bandages.

A member of the RVS 12-th Army was Simon Aral, the confidant of Leo Trotsky. He twice wanted to remove the "indomitable guerrilla" and "the enemy of the regular troops", which Shchors was called, but he was afraid of the revolt of the Red Army.

After an inspection trip to Shchors, which lasted no more than three hours, Semyon Aralov appealed to Trotsky with a convincing request to find a new division chief - only not from the local ones, because the “Ukrainians” are one and all “with kulak sentiments”. In return encryption, the Demon Revolution ordered a strict purge and “refreshment” of the commanding staff. A conciliatory policy is unacceptable. Any measures are good. Need to start "with the head."

By all appearances, Aralov was jealous of the fulfillment of the instructions of his terrible master. In his manuscript “In Ukraine 40 years ago (1919),” he unwittingly let it slip: “Unfortunately, persistence in personal behavior led Shchors to a premature death.”

Yes, about the discipline. During the reorganization of the armed forces of Red Ukraine, the Shchors division was supposed to be redeployed to the Southern Front. In particular, Podvoisky, People's Commissar of the Republic for military and naval affairs, insisted on this. Justifying his proposal in a memo addressed to the chairman of the SNK Ulyanov-Lenin from 15 June, he stressed that, having visited parts of the 1 Army, he finds the Shchors division, which includes the most harmonious regiments, the only fighting on this front.


Yevgeny Samoilov as “Ukrainian Chapaev” by Nikolay Shchors


In the Soviet Union, five monuments of the legendary priest were erected and the same number of open museums of Shchors. Comrade Stalin called him “Ukrainian Chapaev,” director Alexander Dovzhenko dedicated a film to him, the writer Semyon Sklyarenko the trilogy “Went to Kiev”, and composer Boris Lyatoshynsky the “nominal” opera.

ORIGIN

However, the most undoubtedly well-known artistic embodiment of Shchors was the work of songwriter Mikhail Golodny (Mikhail Epshtein) “Song of the Shchors”. The people called her by the first lines: “A detachment was walking along the shore”.


The old station of Snovska, from 1935 of the year - the city of Shchors. It is not used for its intended purpose, episodes of the film “Heavy Sand” were filmed here.


After the death of the Soviet Union, the pendulum swung in the other direction. It got to the point that in 1991 a single thick Moscow magazine asserted in all seriousness that there was no Shchors at all.

Say, the birth of the myth began with Stalin's famous meeting with artists in March 1935. It was then, at that meeting, the leader turned to Alexander Dovzhenko with the question: "Why does the Russian people have the hero Chapaev and a film about the hero, but the Ukrainian people do not have such a hero?".

Thus began the legend ...

Shel squad along the shore,
Walked from afar
Walked under the red banner
Commander of the regiment.
The head is bound,
Blood on the sleeve
Trail bloody spreads
On the wet grass.

"Whose lads will you be,
Who leads you into battle?
Who is under the red banner
Wounded goes? "
"We are sons of hind hands,
We are for a new world,
Shchors goes under the banner -
Red commander.



"N. A. Schors in a battle near Chernigov. ” Artist N. Samokish, 1938 Year


Shchors' father, Alexander Nikolaevich, was a native of Belarusian peasants. In search of a better life, he moved from Minsk province to the small Ukrainian village of Snovsk. From here he was taken to the imperial army.

Returning to Snovsk, Alexander Nikolayevich got a job at the local railway depot. In August, 1894, he married his countrywoman, Alexandra Mikhailovna Tabelchuk, and in the same year built his own house.

Shchors knew the Tablichuk family for a long time, since its head, Mikhail Tabelchuk, was in charge of the artel of Belarusians who worked in Chernihiv region. One time, Alexander Shchors was a member of it.

Nikolai Shchors, the future chief, quickly learned to read and write; at the age of six he already knew how to read and write tolerably well. In 1905, he entered the parochial school.

And a year later, in the Shchors family, great grief happened - being pregnant with the sixth child, the mother, Alexandra Mikhailovna, died from bleeding. It happened when she was in her small homeland, in Stolbtsy (modern Minsk region). There she was buried.

Half a year after the death of his wife, the head of the Shchors family entered marriage again. His chosen one was Maria Konstantinovna Podbelo. From this marriage, Nicholas had two stepbrothers, Gregory and Boris, and three half-sisters - Zinaida, Raisa and Lydia.

AND THE SEMINARIES WERE NOT!

In 1909, Nikolai graduated from school and the next year, together with his brother Konstantin, entered the Kiev military medical assistant school. Her pupils were on full state support.

Schors studied in good faith and four years later, in July 1914, he received a diploma of a medical assistant and the rights of a volunteer 2 class.

“The whole problem was that after leaving the school, Shchors was obliged to serve as a paramedic for at least three years,” reports ULECHAonline. - Shchors, we recall, graduated from college in 1914 year. At the same time, as stated in a number of sources, he, in order to avoid the mandatory three-year medical assistant service, decides to falsify and sends in his diploma (certificate) the date of completion of the medical assistant's school from 1914 to 1912 year, which gives him the right to get rid of the status already in 1915. volunteer.

The archives of the Uonech Museum have an electronic copy of this certificate, from which it really follows that Shchors enrolled in 15 school on August 1910 of the year and graduated in June on 1912 of the year. However, the “2” figure is somewhat unnatural, and it is very similar to the fact that it was actually shipped from the four. ”

As “authoritatively” stated in some sources, Shchors studied at the Poltava Teachers' Seminary - from September 1911 to March 1915. There is a clear discrepancy. So we can conclude: in the seminary, Shchors did not study, and the certificate of graduation was fake.

“In favor of this version,” writes UHECHAonline, “the fact that in August 1918 of the year Shchors, applying for admission to the medical faculty of Moscow University, among other papers, presented a certificate of graduation from the Poltava seminary, which, in contrast, from the certificate of graduation 4-nd classes of medical assistant, gave the right to enter the university. "

So this evidence, a copy of which is also available in the Uonech Museum, was obviously straightened by Shchors just for presentation to Moscow University.

WHOM YOU COTS WILL BE?

After his studies, Nikolay was assigned to the troops of the Vilna military district, which became front-line with the outbreak of the First World War. As part of the 3 of the Light Artillery Division, Shchors was sent under Vilna, where he was injured in one of the battles and sent for treatment.


Ensign of the Russian Imperial Army Nikolai Shchors


In 1915, Shchors was already among the cadets of the Vilna military school who were evacuated to Poltava, where, due to the military situation, they began to train non-commissioned officers and warrant officers under a shortened four-month program. In 1916, Shchors successfully completed a military school course and, with the rank of warrant officer, went to the rear forces in Simbirsk.

In the autumn of 1916, the young officer was transferred to service in the 335-th Anapa regiment of the 84-th Infantry Division of the South-Western Front, where Shors rose to the rank of second lieutenant.

At the end of 1917, a short military career ended abruptly. Health failed - Shchors became ill (almost an open form of tuberculosis) and after a short treatment in Simferopol on December 30 of 1917, he was commissioned due to his unsuitability for further service.

Being out of work, Nikolay Shchors at the end of 1917, decides to return home. The estimated time of his appearance in Snovsk is January of the eighteenth year. By this time, in a country that had fallen apart, there had been tremendous changes. In Ukraine, at the same time, an independent Ukrainian People's Republic was proclaimed.

Around the spring of 1918, the period of the creation of the combat unit, headed by Nikolai Schors, begins. In the history of the civil war, in its red annals, it entered under the name of the Bogunsky regiment.

1 August 1919 of the year under Exactly, during the insurrection, under obscure circumstances, the Shchorsian Timofey Chernyak, commander of the Novgorod-Seversk brigade, was killed.

21 August of the same year, “indomitable dad” Vasily Bozhenko, commander of the Tarashchansky brigade, died suddenly in Zhytomyr. It is alleged that he was poisoned - according to the official version, he died of pneumonia.


The grave of Nikolai Shchors in the city of Samara. A bust of the legendary starter was installed at the Kuybyshevkabel plant, where his first grave was located.


Both commanders were the closest associates of Nikolai Shchors.

Until 1935, his name was not widely known; even the Great Soviet Encyclopedia of the first edition did not mention it. In February, 1935, handing Alexander Dovzhenko at the meeting of the Presidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee the Order of Lenin, Stalin suggested that the director make a film about “Ukrainian Chapaev”.

- Shchorsa you know?

- Yes.

- Think of it.

Soon the personal artistic and political order was masterfully executed. The main role in the film was brilliantly played by Evgeny Samoilov.

Later, several books, songs, even an opera were written about Shchors. Schools, streets, villages and even a city were named after him. As mentioned at the beginning, Matvey Blanter and Mikhail Golodny in the same 1935 year wrote the famous “Song of the Shchors”.

In hunger and cold
His life has passed,
But no wonder spilled
His blood was.
Over the cordon thrown
Fierce enemy
Tempered youth
Honor is dear to us.

Silence near the shore
Silent voices
The sun is going down,
Dew is falling.
Famously racing cavalry,
The sound of hooves is heard,
Shchors banner red
It makes a noise in the wind.



Parental home of Nikolay Shchors in Snovsk


Like many field commanders, Nikolay Shchors was only a “bargaining chip” in the hands of the powerful. He died at the hands of those for whom his own ambitions and political goals were more important than human lives.

As the former member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Ukrainian Front, E. Shchadenko, said, “Shchors could be torn away from the division, in whose consciousness it was rooted, only enemies could. And they tore it off. ” However, the truth about the death of Nikolai Shchors still made its way.
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  1. Baron Wrangell
    Baron Wrangell 10 December 2013 09: 00 New
    +7
    how many such young people died in civilian life!
    only those about whom they wrote a song are known
    1. Apollo
      Apollo 10 December 2013 09: 36 New
      +5
      stock footage
      1. JackTheRipper
        JackTheRipper 10 December 2013 09: 43 New
        +9
        No one sang better than Liver, ingenious profundo:


      2. The comment was deleted.
    2. creak
      creak 10 December 2013 10: 27 New
      14
      Unfortunately, one of the most talented nuggets of the civil war period, the creator of the first large horse formations of the Red Army B.K. Dumenko, in whose deputies S.M.Budenny walked. Due to a serious wound, Dumenko was out of order and he could not participate in the creation of the 1st Horse. After recovering, he managed to form the 1st Horse Corps and it should be noted that Dumenko was extremely popular among the troops and enjoyed unquestioned authority. For military merits, he was awarded the Order of the Red Banner with the number 5, but in March 1920 he was convicted and executed on false charges. Rehabilitated in 1964. It is noteworthy that Budyonny was the only major military leader to oppose rehabilitation ... This story is still not fully clarified, but it is clear that with the death of the Red Army it lost one of the most talented cavalry commanders, whose talents were never It was destined to open up to the end, but even then the white generals respected it, but there were also enough vrgs ..
      1. Vadim2013
        Vadim2013 10 December 2013 14: 04 New
        +7
        On April 2, 1921, under unknown circumstances, Philip Kuzmich Mironov, a talented military leader who commanded in 1918-1920, was killed in the courtyard of the Butyrka prison. large military formations, including the 2nd Cavalry Army. Philip Kuzmich Mironov was the recognized leader of the Cossacks. The book about him "The Life and Death of Philip Kuzmich Mironov", authors R.A. Medvedev, S.P. Mironova, 1989
        1. Volkhov
          Volkhov 10 December 2013 18: 10 New
          +2
          The lists are huge - a bacchanalia of the destruction of non-standard ones.
          The author's certificate for a silent pistol with a gas cut-off in the sleeve is from 43 years old, but the scouts did not use it against the Germans, but General Rudnev (deputy Kovpak) received two bullets in the temple from a radio operator. And now they are merging and exterminating each other in the army and the elite diligently, one "war of the heroes of Russia" Kadyrov / Yamadayev is worth something ...
          Nothing to serve as vampires.
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. The comment was deleted.
      4. vezunchik
        vezunchik 10 December 2013 19: 38 New
        +5
        I completely agree! Trotsky caused enormous damage to the personnel of the Army of the Red Army. Rastra Dumenko - his work. he didn’t forgive him the words — if they were not a people's commissar, I said you. And he is right. Who committed the coup d'etat of 1991-1993? The descendants of Trotsky's friends and compatriots are Chubais Gaidar Svanidze and others like them.
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. 19611961
      19611961 10 December 2013 21: 55 New
      +2
      Redoing the story again ...
  2. avt
    avt 10 December 2013 10: 11 New
    17
    Well, the fact that Shchors was in contradiction with Trotsky's promoters was no secret. So it is likely that he and Bozhenko, a partisan of Tarashchyants, were removed by order of Trotsky. The latter was so simply poisoned. But they just did not write off Stalin, like all subsequent ones - Kotovsky, Frunze. There was no joke war among the "comrades-in-arms in the struggle for the world revolution", especially if the circumstances allowed to quietly press down - the war, they say, will write off everything. So the question of who unleashed the terror - "bloody" Stalin, or "revolutionary" dreamer Trotsky, that's just to see But Atez turned out to be Polovcha, far-sighted. So the grandchildren of the commissars in dusty helmets, whom he shortened, forgetting about their exploits, are pouring on him tubs of slop ...
  3. Svyatoslavovich
    Svyatoslavovich 10 December 2013 11: 11 New
    0
    A muddy story, looks like denunciations from liberals, although it may be true, the time was muddy.
  4. Starshina wmf
    Starshina wmf 10 December 2013 11: 31 New
    10
    There were many Jewish surnames during the civil period, especially among the reds. laughing
    1. LSV
      LSV 10 December 2013 13: 04 New
      13
      True, then Grandfather Stalin significantly reduced them, and therefore they do not like him ..
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. samoletil18
      samoletil18 11 December 2013 22: 09 New
      0
      Quote: Starshina wmf
      There were many Jewish surnames during the civil period, especially among the reds. laughing

      Or white had little
  5. igordok
    igordok 10 December 2013 11: 35 New
    +4

    The memory of childhood. Monument to Schors in the town of Zlynka, Bryansk region. The place of my birth and every summer of childhood on vacation to my grandmother. And in the center of the town is a monument to Shchors. I remember it.
  6. makarov
    makarov 10 December 2013 12: 08 New
    11
    Frum Khaikin was feared like fire. Because she killed people without hesitation: in her personal "asset" there are about 200 people. All completely counter - dressed officers and generals of the tsarist army, who never managed to leave Unecha. In general, as the party comrades recalled with pleasure, while the Cheka was leading Khaykin, no one managed to escape from Unecha.
    People here were shamelessly robbed, humiliated and subjected to physical punishment. Other views, sympathy for the previous authorities, and even more so cooperation with them was punishable by execution. Moreover, Fruma Efimovna introduced the custom of killing offenders along with the whole family - not even children were spared. She shot herself, conducted interrogations herself, searched herself, flogged herself. In the memoirs of the literary critic and writer Vladimir Amfiteatrov-Kadyshev there is such an episode: “The ferocity of Khavkina (Khaykina - Ed.) Reached incredible sizes during interrogations of suspicious persons: she, for example, made razor cuts on the body of the interrogated and watered the scratches with cologne.” She personally cut one of the boys with rods so that then he could not walk for a month. And the reason for the reprisal was an innocent note from the French governess: she took a few affectionate words written in French for a secret espionage dispatch ...
    And here is what Teffi writes: “Here the main person is Commissioner H. Young girl, student, net telegraph operator - I don’t know. She is everything here. Crazy - as they say, an abnormal dog. The beast ... Everyone obeys her. She searches herself, judges herself, shoots herself: she sits on the porch, then judges, here she shoots ... ”
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. Egoza
        Egoza 10 December 2013 16: 28 New
        +7
        Quote: Orik
        and husband and wife are one Satan. They slammed a Jewish servant, and there is a road.

        Judge not lest ye be judged! If he were a servant, Trotsky and Co. would cherish and cherish him like the apple of an eye! And so - they removed both his associates and himself.
    2. Archibald
      Archibald 10 December 2013 21: 06 New
      +2
      The rarest scoundrel.
  7. creak
    creak 10 December 2013 12: 23 New
    11
    And in Crimea, in 1920, mass shootings were led by Rosa Samuilovna Zalkind (Zemlyachka), sent from Moscow ...
    1. Svyatoslavovich
      Svyatoslavovich 10 December 2013 21: 07 New
      -5
      And in the Crimea there were mass executions?
      1. Svyatoslavovich
        Svyatoslavovich 11 December 2013 19: 08 New
        -1
        Instead of answering a simple question, is there a minus on you, what does it mean? Or is it so that stupid questions are not asked? A weak answer?
    2. does it
      does it 11 December 2013 20: 37 New
      +1
      Quote: ranger
      And in Crimea, in 1920, mass shootings were led by Rosa Samuilovna Zalkind (Zemlyachka), sent from Moscow ...

      Yes, and the patient is on his head.
    3. Fedya
      Fedya 11 December 2013 21: 20 New
      +1
      And her great-granddaughter, now famous, is a positioner Anal!
      1. Thunderbolt
        Thunderbolt 11 December 2013 21: 29 New
        +1
        Udaltsov is her great-grandson, although what's the difference
  8. Luga
    Luga 10 December 2013 13: 04 New
    +3
    When the country is a mess, many leaders of various levels and caliber are promoted. Those who are more far-sighted begin to destroy competitors earlier than others, those who are less ambitious take the "oath of allegiance" (which, by the way, did not always save) to the one who is stronger. Each of them - Shchors, Dumenko, Mironov, Yakir, and many, many others, fished their fish in the troubled waters and each of them wanted and theoretically could become the head of state. In a fierce and merciless struggle, the strongest (the most cunning, the cleverest, the most unprincipled, the most persistent) could and should have won, and he won. Those who did not have time or did not want to take the oath, respectively, died. Shchors was one of the first to die. In my opinion, it doesn't even matter whether it was his own or the Petliurist who shot him, and even more so, it doesn't matter who exactly did it. They were all doomed anyway.
  9. aszzz888
    aszzz888 10 December 2013 13: 08 New
    +3
    It was a terrible time. And how, in such circumstances, the ordinary peasant, a soldier, was oriented.
  10. Horn
    Horn 10 December 2013 13: 31 New
    +9
    Damn, were there any significant figures at that time who were married NOT to Jews, if they were not Jews themselves?
    1. Egoza
      Egoza 10 December 2013 16: 26 New
      +6
      Quote: Horn
      Damn, were there any significant figures at that time, married NOT to Jewish women,

      Look at history. Ever since Biblical times, Jewish women have been active "superweapons" for subjugating enemy men! And Mr. Trotsky's comrades-in-arms actively used this! If they could not advance themselves to significant posts, they promoted women! Here is the result! Look at the age of Shchors! - He died when he was only 24 years old! How long did it take to be confused?
      1. does it
        does it 11 December 2013 20: 28 New
        0
        Quote: Egoza
        Look at history. Ever since Biblical times, Jewish women have been active "superweapons" for subjugating enemy men!

        The painting "The Beating of the Sabine Women". J.-L. David, or "Sabine women stopping the battle between the Romans and the Sabines". It is believed that the episode with the abduction (beating) of the Sabine women has historical roots and reflects the moment of the merger of the Roman community with the Sabine community.Regards to you. hi
  11. Black
    Black 10 December 2013 13: 39 New
    +7
    Civil war is the worst thing! A shameful spot in the history of any country.
    How much human talent, at the same time, and "foam" pops up in such a boiler !!!
    You need to remember that it’s time to just stop stigmatizing - that one is good, that one is bad ... everyone was GOOD!

    Quote: ranger
    Rehabilitated in 1964. It is noteworthy that Budenny was the only major military leader to speak out against rehabilitation.


    Not surprising. Budyonny took in the hands of an already born child. The role of Dumenko, Mironov- Semen Mikhailovich did not want to highlight at all.
  12. George
    George 10 December 2013 14: 12 New
    +4
    Dumenko, Mironov.
    Dad probably told me a hundred times
    - Take, read "Red Days".
    And I’m all refusing. I read it.
  13. nekromonger
    nekromonger 10 December 2013 14: 19 New
    +7
    Well, why, for example, can Berezovsky order a murder, but what can’t bring an arm? Blessed is he who believes in the ideals of the revolution made by all these arms, parvuses and others like them khaikins, tanhil-tanhilevichs, bonch-bruevichs ....
  14. bashir141
    bashir141 10 December 2013 15: 56 New
    +3
    Schors is not a field commander, but a commander of the Red Army.
    The field commanders were the commanders of illegal armed groups, the so-called White Guards
  15. yan
    yan 10 December 2013 16: 41 New
    0
    He thought at the time of his death he was 24 years old. Total 24,
    1. Archibald
      Archibald 10 December 2013 21: 07 New
      -1
      It’s a pity they didn’t slap before.
  16. BBM
    BBM 10 December 2013 17: 05 New
    +8
    I have known this version for a long time. I think that's how it was. Only the author is silent about the main thing - they killed him on the orders of Trotsky and because of his anti-Zionism and rejection of the "red terror" unleashed by the Jewish commissars. And this is far from an isolated case, the same story was with Kotov. Yes, and with Chapaev there is a dark matter
    1. The comment was deleted.
  17. uzer 13
    uzer 13 10 December 2013 18: 23 New
    +1
    Candles were not lit for them
    And the conversation was brief with them.
    For them there was only a whistle of buckshot
    And a shot in the back between the shoulder blades.

    Unfulfilled dreams
    Then the stages and executions.
    Their bloodied mouths
    And the eye is broken sights ...
  18. vladstro
    vladstro 10 December 2013 18: 51 New
    +2
    people had a goal, they had an idea, they fought and won, and now there’s one idea who has how much dough, and if a dumb teenage scumbag has more, then even the candidate of sciences will be nothing to him, but someday these times will end, it would be nice not to volume 17th, although in my country I can’t feel differently. In the ninety, they cried out about the struggle against the privileges of the party nomenclature, ruined the country, threw off the top, but now they have received a complete oligarchy and conditionally, or even a terrible punishment, dismissal from office, no well to settled for a three-meter fence believes that so be it, but again it is necessary to remind people to feed by shit for a long time did not happen.
  19. irongun
    irongun 10 December 2013 19: 20 New
    +3
    Revolutions devour their children. It is a pity that they simultaneously "eat" millions of normal people.
  20. unknown
    unknown 10 December 2013 19: 49 New
    -1
    After WWII, diplomat Besedovsky fled to the Zionist states of America, who during interrogations showed that I.V. Dzhugashvili comes from mountain Jews.
    1. George
      George 11 December 2013 11: 57 New
      -1
      Quote: ignoto
      After WWII, diplomat Besedovsky fled to the Zionist states of America, who during interrogations showed that I.V. Dzhugashvili comes from mountain Jews.

      That's how it turns out to be. Well, that’s almost the picture. During interrogations (under torture or what?), Because he did not want to admit?
      Is he not a Jew himself? I do not know the current from the plain or forest-steppe? what
      Enlighten.
      1. samoletil18
        samoletil18 11 December 2013 22: 17 New
        0
        “Do you know who the Pope is by nationality?”
        - Yes? Really!
  21. Stinger
    Stinger 10 December 2013 20: 17 New
    -1
    Alas, this is the fate of many active people. Napoleon once exclaimed in surprise: It turns out that out of a hundred former royal favorites in the past, at least ninety-five have been hanged. His own destiny and many others invariably confirm this.
  22. Simonov
    Simonov 10 December 2013 20: 50 New
    +4
    "Щastya Оweakened Рobitnik i СYelyanam! "(Happiness to the oppressed workers and peasants)
    It was this motto that was on the very red banner of the legendary divisional commander. The revolution did not tolerate long phrases and all the slogans were reduced to abbreviations, which were written across the point - Shch.O.R.S.
    In the thirties, the commissar ideology took the form of a canonical religion with its teachings, myths, saints, imperishable relics, the promise of a future paradise life and a foreign hell with hellish sotona. More titans and heroes were needed. They began to find them in droves. In the cellars of the NKVD in the thirties (precisely in the thirties, not earlier!) "Witnesses" of heroic deeds began to appear and disappear.
  23. Fedya
    Fedya 10 December 2013 22: 26 New
    0
    And my neighbor, a classmate, studied at a music school, and just got stuck learning this song on a piano! Imagine several months at the same time for three hours in a row.
  24. xomaNN
    xomaNN 11 December 2013 17: 52 New
    +3
    At the present time, it is difficult for us to judge the death of Shchors without a serious study of the remaining documents. The turning point and troubled time of the civil war broke a lot of the fates of the Kraskom-promoters: Dumenko, Bozhenko, Kotovsky, Frunze, etc. other "fiery leaders" were often the cause of the slaughter of their own associates.
  25. Selynin
    Selynin 26 December 2013 14: 59 New
    0
    A man fought for Soviet power and ran into its own bullet ...