The first flight of the 410 L-16 was made on April 1969 of the year. The main customer of the aircraft was the Soviet Union. In addition, L-410 was also supplied to Bulgaria, Brazil, Hungary, GDR, Libya, Poland. Despite the fact that the plant is located in the Czech Republic, he considers himself to be part of the Russian aviation industry: the grounds for this were laid during its development and with many years stories operation. As of 2012, more than X-NUMX L-400 aircraft are in operation worldwide.
The production site of the company "Aircraft Industries" in Kunovice, Czech Republic. The Aircraft Industries plant, better known under the brand Let Kunovice, is located in 300 km from the city of Prague. The factory employs 920 people.
The company manufactures the aircraft according to the full production cycle - there are its own lines of surface treatment of materials, paint and varnish production, machine shop, assembly shops, design bureau and airport.
Shop for the production of parts of the fuselage L-410. The company is expanding and modernizing production - light green equipment is designed to produce a new generation of aircraft L-410 NG (New Generation).
The production capacity of the plant is 16-18 new aircraft per year. About 80% of aircraft supplied to Russia. Over the past four years, 35 aircraft have been delivered to Russia.
Production of parts on the CNC milling center of the French company Creneau:
Stripping parts before forming:
Manufacturing wing spar on 5-ti CNC milling center machining center. By production duralumin of the Russian production is used. The total share of components from Russia in the L-410 aircraft is about 15% - this is the legacy of the fact that the aircraft was developed by order of the USSR and with the participation of Soviet designers.
Assembling the front of the wing:
Checking the quality of riveting on the wing of the aircraft:
On one aircraft L-410 goes about 185 000 rivets of different types and sizes:
Riveting work in the middle part of the fuselage:
Installation of floor panels:
Production of the rear fuselage:
Production of an air intake part for CASA CN-235 aircraft as part of production cooperation.
The plant also cooperates with Boeing for the Boeing 787 aircraft.
Assembly line of aircraft L-410 UVP-Е20. Located in one of the newest buildings of the plant, originally designed for the production of L-610. In one half of the building are two lines of production of new aircraft L-410, in the second half - shop service aircraft coming out of service:
At the same time in the assembly shop are about 10 aircraft. The fuselage, wing, end tanks and tail unit come to the top of the line from the painting shop. At the end of the line are the aircraft undergoing flight tests and preparing to send to customers. Over the entire history of its existence, the plant has produced over 1150 aircraft of the L-410 family. More than 850 of them were supplied to operators in the USSR.
The process of finishing the luggage compartment of the aircraft in the nose after the installation of electrical equipment:
Assembling an emergency exit door:
The nose of the aircraft with the serial number 2915. Visible antenna weather radar. The doors of the luggage compartment are open:
Installation of avionics in the cockpit. As part of the avionics traditionally present devices of Russian manufacturers:
Electrical installation in the cabin:
Installation of wiring harnesses:
The AV-725 five-bite propellers (manufactured by Avia Propeller) together with the GE H80-200 engine make up the new L-410 UVP-E20 aircraft propulsion system. It is installed from January 2013 on all new aircraft and is certified by EASA and the Russian AR IAC.
Young people in production are not uncommon, including due to the presence of their own professional technical school in the territory of the plant. The average age of the company's employees is 44:
Works on a GE H-80 engine, cited by a representative of a company from the city of Prague:
The final assembly stage takes about 5 months - this is the most expensive part of the production, so within its framework engines, landing gear and all avionics are installed on the aircraft, where each individual unit can cost 100-250 thousand euros.
The total duration of the aircraft production cycle from the production of the first components of the fuselage to the end of flight tests takes a little less than a year.
Cockpit of the aircraft L-410 UVP-E20. The aircraft is fully equipped for instrument flight and has an advanced system for preventing dangerous proximity to the ground (GPWS) and collisions in the air (TCAS II). L 410 is designed in the metric system (and not in inches), which is an exception in the western aviation:
This type of aircraft has been used for many years as a graduate for pilot training at the Sasovsky Civil Aviation Flight School (Ryazan Region).
Pre-flight training. Stanislav Sklenarzh - the main test pilot of the plant:
Under the wing of the aircraft view of the river. Moravu and the town of Uhersky Ostrog:
Aircraft L-410 UVP-Е20 for French Guiana. Planes for exotic countries often have a bright catchy coloring:
Care with a turn. Practical ceiling - 8 000 meters:
Sunset on the runway. The L-410 can land both on a hard-surfaced strip and on grass, soil and snow. UVP in the name of the aircraft means the Russian abbreviation "Shortened Takeoff and Landing", which also reminds of the Russian roots of the origin of the aircraft:
Castle New Svetlov (1480), Boykowice:
The medieval Gothic castle Buchlov (XIII century) is located in 10 km from Kunovice. Buchlov Castle is one of the most beautiful castles in South Moravia - the south-eastern region of the Czech Republic:
Velegradsky monastery (XIII century) - one of the main pilgrimage churches in the Czech Republic. In 863 - 866 In the city of Velehrad, Christian saints Cyril and Methodius lived and preached:
The prototype of the aircraft L-610M in the city of Old Place, established for viewing at the entrance to the city: