Military Review

Robotic complex RBTK

In early December, domestic media and specialized Internet sites recalled one interesting development by Russian designers, first shown at the end of July. Recall 31 July at the Rzhev test site held a field meeting of the Board of the Ministry of Defense. In addition to discussing various issues in the program of the event was an exhibition of the achievements of the defense industry. Among other enterprises and organizations, the Central Research and Development Institute of Robotics and Technical Cybernetics showed its developments. It was reported that the attention of the Minister of Defense S. Shoigu was attracted by small-sized robotic complexes "Yula" and "Grain", as well as the adopted mobile complex designed for reconnaissance and destruction of targets using small and flamethrower weapons.

Robotic complex RBTK

From the messages of the end of July, it followed that a new robotic complex had already been adopted by our army. However, almost nothing was known about this complex at that time. Soon information appeared in the media about the approximate characteristics of a promising unmanned combat vehicle. In addition, a possible designation of the project was published - RBTC. Unfortunately, even a few months after the exhibition at the Rzhevsky proving ground, very little is known about the new project. Nevertheless, even the available information allows us to imagine what the RBTC complex is capable of in the form in which it was demonstrated to the leadership of the Ministry of Defense.

The new robotic complex is based on a four-axle chassis, in which the interested public almost immediately recognized the modified snow and swamp vehicle of the ARGO family. Cars of this brand are manufactured by the Canadian company Ontario Drive & Gear Limited and are used in various areas where you need to get to any objects over rough terrain. After some refinement, the four-axle chassis becomes the basis for the RBTK combat vehicle. As you can see in the photographs of the new robotic complex, the base chassis, when converted into a remotely controlled combat vehicle, undergoes several changes. Frontal armor plates and a reinforced bottom are installed on it.

Unfortunately, the model of the basic snow and swamp vehicle was not announced, which is why it is impossible to accurately name the type of power plant. Four-axle cars brand ARGO equipped with gasoline engines of several types with a capacity of about 20-30 HP According to reports, the RBTC complex can move over land at a speed not exceeding 20 km / h, and can also swim at speeds up to 2,5 nodes. When traveling by water, the front booking sheets function as a wave deflector. Depending on the situation, the calculation of the RBTC robotic complex can choose one of two propulsion options. If the characteristics of the wheels are insufficient, the machine can be equipped with fast-mounted tracks.

The RBTK machine turned out to be one of the largest exhibits at the Rzhevsky range. Its length exceeds the 3,3 meter, the total width reaches the 1,8 meter, and the height is 1,65 m. The total curb weight of the machine reaches 1020 kg. Such dimensions and weight allowed to equip the car with fuel tanks of large capacity. The declared time of continuous work is 20 hours.

The RBTC complex, as follows from the available information, uses a control system over the air. For the convenience of the operator, the machine is equipped with several video cameras on the body. The signal from the cameras is transmitted to the remote control panel and displayed on the monitor. Using the console, the operator of the complex can control the operation of all systems.

When converting the base snow and swamp vehicle to a combat vehicle, a new roof is installed on it, covering the cargo platform and crew space. A combat module is mounted above the cargo platform of the base vehicle on a new roof. A sample of the RBKT complex on display in July was armed with a PKT machine gun of 7,62 caliber mm. To search for targets and target weapons, the combat module is equipped with an aiming unit. Judging by its appearance, a video camera, a thermal imager and, possibly, a laser range finder are used. It is argued that the combat module of the RBTC complex can carry and use jet weapons: grenade launchers or flamethrowers.

The remotely controlled robotic complex RBTC can be used to perform various tasks. Thus, machine-gun and jet weapons allow reconnaissance and, if necessary, destroy manpower or unprotected or lightly armored equipment of the enemy. In addition, the complex, devoid of combat module, can be used to deliver any cargo, including crossing water obstacles.

Judging by the available information, the RBTC design for the robotic complex is of interest to the military, but some of its features may raise questions. First of all, this is the base chassis of foreign production. Despite the characteristics, a similar choice of the base machine looks ambiguous and can cause controversy. The second feature of the RBTC project, which gives rise to certain doubts, is booking. In the existing photos it is clear that the installed armor protects only the front part of the hull and the bottom. The remaining parts of the car, apparently, do not even have such protection, which is associated with the limited characteristics of the base chassis. Thus, the survivability of the complex RBKT when performing a combat mission is in question.

In general, the available information does not allow us to consider the robotic complex RBTC as a full-fledged combat tool. Nevertheless, while developing this project, the specialists of the Central Research Institute of Robotics and Technical Cybernetics gained experience in the development of remote-controlled military equipment. Therefore, in the very near future, at the next exhibition of achievements of the defense industry, a new robotic complex may appear, designed to solve various combat missions, which will be deprived of the shortcomings of the current RBTC.

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  1. makarov
    makarov 5 December 2013 08: 59
    Now it’s impossible to judge anything about the unit, since it is a prototype of a niokra, it’s just the initiative in the development of a new direction.
    1. Apollo
      Apollo 5 December 2013 09: 06
      citation-The new robotic complex is based on a four-axle chassis, in which the interested public almost immediately recognized the modified snow and swamp vehicle of the ARGO family. Machines of this brand are manufactured by the Canadian company Ontario Drive & Gear Limited and are used in various fields where you need to get to any objects on rough terrain.

      Video about the base model

      1. the47th
        the47th 5 December 2013 10: 07
        Judging by the video, ARGO is a useless and expensive toy, absolutely not suitable for the army.
        1. unclevad
          unclevad 5 December 2013 12: 24
          This is not a toy, this is a running layout. Naturally expensive, like all R&D.
        2. And Us Rat
          And Us Rat 6 December 2013 04: 50
          Quote: the47th
          Judging by the video, ARGO is a useless and expensive toy, absolutely not suitable for the army.

          Why is it necessary only for the army? Such a car will find a place in the protection of important objects, search and rescue services, firefighters, police, forestry agency, border guards. Much can be learned from such a "toy". (Here is a video of a similar system, many civilian options)

    2. fisherman
      fisherman 5 December 2013 09: 46
      Now it’s impossible to judge anything about the unit, since this is a prototype of a niocra, it’s just the initiative in the development of a new direction

      but in 5 years it’s already possible

      let's see how these or other models take root
  2. Admiral 013
    Admiral 013 5 December 2013 11: 22
    Experience experience and experience again. This direction needs to be developed and perhaps our kulibins will be able to create something reliable, original, and most importantly, which has no analogues in the world, as it was repeatedly done in the USSR.
  3. abrakadabre
    abrakadabre 5 December 2013 12: 56
    It is enough to get it from the shelf and revise the selection of Soviet TV programs "You Can Do It".
    There, what only people did not construct.
  4. Appiann
    Appiann 5 December 2013 16: 39
    This is where the legs grow from:
  5. Kir
    Kir 5 December 2013 17: 37
    If it is true that the base is a foreigner of Canadian origin, then this is just a national shame for the country who created the lunar rover, and much more, but given how we have some "advanced" and "impartial experts" like to find other people's traces in our developments , it is not a fact that this is true. Let's wait and see what happens next.
    1. makarov
      makarov 5 December 2013 20: 32
      SW Castor, calm down, not everything is as running as you think.
      Bear in mind that this is just a model for shelling.
      In reality, in order to pile the desired unit, it is necessary:
      1. the appropriateness of the application, and from there to dance to the price.
      2. For whom / what is intended.
      3. Against whom / what is intended.
      4. What for?
      5. Time (including seasons), and place of use.
      6 Who should be used (applied)
      In my subjective opinion, the unit should weigh no more than 50-100 kg. together with weapons and automation, to be able to selectively hit enemy manpower and armored vehicles in any terrain and in any weather conditions, to be cheap to manufacture and easy to operate.
      If you recall the past, it is not difficult to create such a chassis (platform), and even in a short time, with automation and program management, I think that there should not be any difficulties either, since the software is also manufactured on a single platform.
      Just as I see, it doesn’t need anyone to hell .....
      1. Kir
        Kir 5 December 2013 21: 05
        Yes, I don’t really worry, there’s even a feeling that installing the complex on this chassis is just working out on a more or less similar platform. In general, having watched the video honestly, I’ll tell you something else ......, especially the behavior on the water is simple .... the engine is drowning and there is nothing to do, but here either our people didn’t overdo it or didn’t finish it, since the machine obviously not for large water barriers.
      2. Neighbor
        Neighbor 8 December 2013 17: 17
        Something like a small (one-time) snowmobile, so as not to spend money on a large resource chassis and engine.
  6. Andriuha077
    Andriuha077 5 December 2013 20: 56
    It looks pretty pretty. It’s unclear with what fright the Canadian cars were put into the base, everything is so bad, right? His were no worse. If there are foreign-made blocks, during the conflict the enemy through the satellite will simply turn them off.

    Where is the resistance to hits, prices, at least some other parameters.
  7. Horde
    Horde 5 December 2013 21: 45
    not too lazy raised the archive professor offered an English all-terrain vehicle a couple of years ago

    it also looks like even the steering wheel on the right is like English, there are six current wheels, here the Angles are rolling on Afghan on such ones, and apparently ours were hooked ...
  8. vladsolo56
    vladsolo56 6 December 2013 06: 15
    Nevertheless, the desire for savings prevails. it seems that the main idea is to create a disposable unit. As it is written in the article, it is not armored, and this means that any hit can disable it. It seems to me that if you make such a complex, then it should be fully armored, at least from small arms and machine guns. More speedy and more armed.
    1. abrakadabre
      abrakadabre 6 December 2013 10: 49
      it must be fully armored, at least from small arms and machine guns

      How much will the armor weigh on such a machine against shelling with armor-piercing, say offhand, DShK? Then, what power the engine will need to move such an armored device. Then the fuel supply. it must also be booked, and so on. In the end, it will result in an apparatus the size of no less than a UAZ loaf and weighing 5-8 tons.
      1. Andriuha077
        Andriuha077 6 December 2013 14: 04
        Given ZERO habitable volume (blocks duplicated), if desired, will weigh half a ton.
        1. abrakadabre
          abrakadabre 6 December 2013 15: 05
          if desired, will weigh half a ton

          highly doubtful
          1. Andriuha077
            Andriuha077 6 December 2013 15: 21
            Yes Easy.
            Let's immediately set the task for the machine.
            Spark of machine guns, "Cornet".
            Resistance to a limited number of hits up to 30 mm, due to duplication of a number of systems, calculators are spaced, easy replacement of the torn foot in the field.
            Near-range energy reserves and ammunition, limited autonomy without a permanent communication channel.
            The ability to transport up to two people in an alternative hitch, without protection and with arms removed.
            It just weighs so much.
          2. The comment was deleted.
  9. wanderer_032
    wanderer_032 6 December 2013 11: 33
    The device as a whole is not bad, but needs to be improved than our engineers think and will be working in the near future.
    In battle, such a thing can be used for fire support by placing on it "KORD" or AGS-17 (30).
    During the assault, you can hang on it RPO type "Bumblebee" (you just need to seriously think about automatic reloading like ATGM "Chrysanthemum" or IT-1 "Dragon"), or place such weapons in transport-combat units like BMPT or ZRAK "Pantsir" ".
    It can also be used to combat armored vehicles like a robotic ATGM.
    You can use a similar device as a sanitary TPK (the chassis size allows you to place 2 wounded soldiers on a stretcher).
    As for the chassis itself, I think it would be nice to equip it with a long-stroke independent suspension of all wheels (I think the "swinging candle" type will do).
    This will significantly increase the cross-country ability of the chassis to save the car while overcoming various obstacles from excessive buildup and dangerous lateral rolls, as well as from excessive loads on the transmission. And to overcome water barriers, change the shape of the bow and put a good wave-reflecting shield (you can execute it made of lightweight armor for double use).
    It’s still good to equip combat modules with weapon stabilizers in 2 planes (for firing on the go).
    Modules should be quick-changeable depending on the combat mission.
    Such a device should be controlled by two operators (the control system should be duplicated), the 1st number by the move, the 2nd number by armament. The control equipment should be anti-jamming (to withstand electronic warfare ammunition and electronic warfare of the enemy).
    With regard to external protection (booking), I think that armor made of composite materials is the most suitable (it is advisable to put serious protection on the most vulnerable places), it would be nice if it is modular and quickly replaceable.
    I would also seriously think about how to assemble this unit for convenience in maintenance and repair, this will reduce the complexity of the work and save time which is very small in a combat situation.
    That's about the way I see the use of such RBTC.
    1. Andriuha077
      Andriuha077 6 December 2013 14: 07
      Two operators - this is how this direction developed in the 70's in the USSR, only the hodovka was an order of magnitude more interesting and armored.
      Some time has passed. Communication is suppressed at times, there can only be short-term conclusions.
      1. wanderer_032
        wanderer_032 6 December 2013 16: 08
        I think that for one operator in battle, the load will be unrealistically tight.
        To control the course (to monitor the terrain, the operating parameters of the machine, make decisions on how to hide, where and how to jump) and at the same time search for targets, conduct general observation, keep in touch with the commander and interact with the unit, fire is still very tough for one person.
        The two of them will be handy, I think.
        As I understand it, you are a supporter of a partially-autonomous or fully autonomous concept of managing such devices.
        I am inclined to control methods through operators.
        If this is the case with electronic warfare, then the conclusion is only one transmission of commands to the drone by means of short pulses (make two-way data exchange) and control of its actions via web cameras on a separate line (channel).
        When working offline, he will have to mount his own computer, connect to all systems.
        As a result, we will have a reduction in payload (volume).
        How to deal with this is the question.
        1. Andriuha077
          Andriuha077 6 December 2013 16: 20
          "Computer, ... payload reduction"
          The weight of the computer tends to one kilo in total, in the form of a dozen blocks scattered over the body of a unit or more, the same is true for observation devices. The price of one 2-3 block is thousands of rubles, no more, if hand-picked, without corruption. On the one hand, the radiator, on the other, the plastic is simply filled. If an ax knocks out all the blocks except one, the apparatus continues to receive commands somewhat more slowly, shoot and move. Communications between them are standard and again duplicated, taking into account the dimensions of the device, the total weight of the wires is again 1-2 kg.
          The batteries are designed for a quarter hour of creeping up, in the 2-4 unit dispersed.
          Armament is not knocked out with one hit, everywhere the same methods. The drive control amplifiers are conventional from the store, allow control. Reservation from shrapnel, rifle, and connecting nodes.
          1. wanderer_032
            wanderer_032 6 December 2013 16: 27
            And about the volume?
            1. Andriuha077
              Andriuha077 6 December 2013 17: 04
              Volume ... of costs.
              Two quadrics for spare parts.
              Twenty Chinese mobile phones, half during the trials hit.
              Many windshield wipers and glass drives from "yellow viburnum".
              Iron pieces and composites of armor from a vest.
              Plastic, foam filler and glue.
              Two zeros to the price, for military acceptance.
              1. Kir
                Kir 6 December 2013 17: 12
                according to the mind, booking on the basis of cryoprocessed special plastic has been talked about for a long time, but like a paramid of plain weaving!
                1. Andriuha077
                  Andriuha077 6 December 2013 17: 15
                  And if so: which is simpler, with a decrease in the size of the target. Shards pierce and miss.
                2. The comment was deleted.
              2. wanderer_032
                wanderer_032 6 December 2013 17: 45
                I meant the internal volume of the car.
                1. Andriuha077
                  Andriuha077 6 December 2013 17: 56
                  The height of the wheel, with the clearance removed.
                  The armament is lifted out of this plane with a "jack" by two independent racks.
                  The machine is wide for stability and openwork inside.
                  The fuel engine block is connected by a frame to the shaft and guides.
                  If necessary, go into the doorway 80 cm, horizontal-radial suspension travel is added.
                2. The comment was deleted.
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      2. Kir
        Kir 6 December 2013 16: 11
        It is precisely from jamming and interception of remote data transmission that no one is insured, even the Americans did not in vain made the so-called "laser pistol" - a device for receiving the transmission of commands on the line of sight, so it turns out that this unit either should work in the mode it worked Buran, or a group with a "guide".
        1. Andriuha077
          Andriuha077 6 December 2013 16: 38
          For jamming, place the antenna directed at the repeater.
          From interception, use a household WPA-2 with a long key, they are not opened in the future, (see options) does not have the computing power suitable for this on the planet.
          1. Kir
            Kir 6 December 2013 17: 05
            Interestingly, but the Americans are not aware of this? or is their name, as always, one, but the essence is different? And with regards to Habraharba, thank you, I'll see, and generally I often go there, but the truth is on issues related to the selection of the optimal software for my tasks.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  10. wanderer_032
    wanderer_032 6 December 2013 17: 35
    Honestly, on the electronic start, I’m not quite up to date on the new products and the range of components, but on the chassis I wanted to add.
    It’s a good idea to add the ability to change the clearance (following the BMD example) so that the car can be hidden even in a small hollow or behind a low shelter.
    In terms of the power plant: the internal combustion engine on the prototype is not suitable for combat conditions, a 4-stroke "air vent" of similar power with forced cooling is needed (it is more tenacious).
    It would also be nice to install a generator of sufficient power (with a margin) to ensure the normal operation of the on-board network even under extreme loads, the same applies to the battery.
  11. Ivan Pomidorov
    Ivan Pomidorov 9 December 2013 17: 45
    "ARGO" can only be used as a chassis model for testing control algorithms and as a platform for demonstrating a pre-NIR sample.
    When developing a real chassis, the amount of design will be more than that of a full-size machine.
    Moreover, there will be more restrictions. And the mass and volume of equipment and the layout and type of nodes and assemblies.
    Therefore, you need to start with a clear statement of the problem and the choice of purpose of the designed equipment.
    In this dimension, the snake and hedgehog cannot be crossed.
    What we see now is a marketing toy, nothing more.
  12. Ivan Pomidorov
    Ivan Pomidorov 9 December 2013 17: 55
    Quote: wanderer_032
    it would be nice to equip it with a long-stroke independent suspension of all wheels (the "swinging candle" type I think will do)

    Not suitable. MacPherson is a short-stroke suspension.
    On top of that, a mechanical transmission with CV joints on a multi-wheeled all-terrain vehicle will be too heavy and time-consuming to repair and maintain.
    Moreover, in the scheme with an onboard turn.
    An electric drive or hydrostatic transmission is a possible solution in this case.
    Anyway, you need to start with the statement of the problem. Design results for different tasks will be different.
  13. Ustian
    Ustian 27 December 2013 19: 15
    (Unfortunately, even a few months after the exhibition at the Rzhevsky training ground, very little is known about the new project.)
    I don’t feel any regret! I hope that I don’t know, so the enemies do not know! hi
  14. Alexis
    Alexis April 8 2014 01: 11
    If military equipment is civilian then this is a complete scrap