In an effort to blow up the Soviet rear in the North Caucasus, German intelligence agencies relied on the activities of Chechen gangs. The insurgency has hardly ceased here since the days of the Civil War. Depending on the situation in the republic, it took various forms. The "second breath" in the criminal activities of the Chechen gangsters inhaled the German attack on the USSR.
While the advance units of the German army stood at the foothills of the Caucasus, in the Soviet rear in the territory of Chechen-Ingushetia, Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria and parts of Georgia, military operations were conducted with the involvement of large parts of the NKVD and the army. The leader of the gangster speeches in the North Caucasus was Hasan Israilov. About this figure will tell the characteristics of the NKGB of the USSR, compiled on the basis of undercover information.
Intelligence on Hasan Israilov (Terloev).
Khasan Israilov was born in 1903 year in the family of a large cattle owner. Grandfather - Tsotsarov Hatzig - one of the naibov Shamil. Father - Sadullaev Israil - abrek, adopted brother Zelim Khan. Killed during the robbery of the Kizlyar Treasury Bank.
Hassan studied at an Arab school for eight years, then graduated from a religious school ...
He was arrested four times, sentenced to ten years in labor camps, then to the death penalty (Art. 58, ch. 2, 3, 8, 11 and 14 of the RSFSR Criminal Code), but each time with skilful falsification of witnesses, documents, bribes, unlawful actions relatives secured an alibi and went free.
In 1933, he publicly repents, voluntarily leaves the underground and surrenders to the authorities, promising to work for Soviet power. Restored to the party, works in Grozny as a correspondent, party investigator, writes poetry. On the recommendation of the party, Soviet bodies sent to Moscow to study at the Communist University (Red Professors).
His activities in Moscow: the organization of an anti-Soviet literary group led by Avtorkhanov, links with Trotsky abroad, remnants of the underground "Parity Committee" in Georgia, terrorist attacks, the organization of terrorist groups. The bold bank robbery, the killing of two watchmen, from whose severed arms and legs, by the order of Israilov, put two letters “M” on the floor, meaning “Mecca” and “Medina” and “Muslim avengers”.
After graduation, he returned to Grozny, fought against the VKP (b) and the Chechen-Ingush regional committee, engaged in hard-core anti-Soviet propaganda, and discrediting party workers.
Arrested, exiled to Siberia. Ran away. During the chase, he killed the guard and two dogs, cut out the fillets and ate them, wandering through the taiga. Returns to the south and lives in an illegal situation, continuously migrating throughout the Caucasus, organizing terrorist attacks, sabotage, the collapse of collective farms. At the same time, he coalesced underground counter-revolutionary groups of the Caucasus into a single party of the OPKB (Special Party of Caucasian Brothers). They are training underground bases and branches of the OPKB in Georgia, Azerbaijan, Ossetia, Chechen-Ingushetia, Dagestan, Karachay-Cherkessia, Nakhchivan Oblast.
The direction and ultimate goal of its activities: the creation of a pan-Islamist federative Republic of the Caucasus - a protectorate of Germany ...
... Israilov’s arrest is extremely difficult due to mountain conditions, the presence of numerous camouflaged bases on the territory of Chechen-Ingushetia, Dagestan, Georgia, support of his headquarters by a wide network of gang accomplices in remote villages ...
We have other information about Israilov from the former employee of the North Caucasus National Committee under the Ministry of Rosenberg, the former editor of Gazavat newspaper (published for the North Caucasian units of the Wehrmacht, the SS and the police) A. Avtorkhanov. In his book Murder of the Chechen-Ingush People, the author writes that “... Israilov was born in 1910 in the village of Nashkhoy of the Galanchozh district of Chechnya. In 1929, he graduated from high school in Rostov-on-Don and then joined the ranks of the CPSU (b). Working as a correspondent for Krestyanskaya Gazeta, Israilov, under the guise of protecting all-Soviet laws from local artists, skillfully criticized these laws with specific examples and people. In the spring of 1931, he was arrested and sentenced to 10 years. Three years after the energetic intervention of the Peasant Newspaper and after it became clear that some of the officials whom Israilov criticized as “robbers and bribe takers” turned out to be them, Israilov was released and even reinstated in the party. After his release, he left for Moscow to study at the Stalin Communist University of Eastern Workers (KUTV). This time two books of his works of art written in prison were published. ” Israilov deserved the second arrest by “jointly with other Chechen-Ingush workers submitting an application to the Soviet government that the continuation of the current course of Soviet policy will inevitably lead to a denouement of a general popular uprising, therefore Israilov and his friends demand a change of course and dismissal of the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Communist Party (b) Egorov and the people's commissar of internal affairs Raev ... But when at the beginning of 1939, Raev and Egorov were arrested as "enemies of the people", Israilova was released. " The new regional secretary, Bykov, summoned Israilov and invited him to apply for reinstatement in the party. The chairman received assurances from Israilov that he would apply the other day.
Israilov sent his statement to the Chechen-Ingush Regional Committee of the CPSU (b), where he finally broke off his relations with the Soviet authorities:
“... I decided to stand at the head of the liberation war of my people. I understand too well that not only Chechnya-Ingushetia, but even the entire national Caucasus will find it difficult to free itself from the heavy yoke of red imperialism. But the fanatical faith in justice and the legitimate hope for the help of the freedom-loving peoples of the Caucasus and the whole world inspire me to this feat, in your eyes bold and meaningless, and in my opinion, the only correct one historical step. The brave Finns are now proving that the great slave empire is powerless against a small but freedom-loving people. In the Caucasus, you will have a second Finland, and other oppressed peoples will follow us. ”
Shortly after this statement, Israilov rebelled. According to the same national Islamist Avtorkhanov in the early days, the uprising was successful and by the beginning of February 1940, the settlements of Galanchozh, Sayasan, Chaberla and part of the Shatoevsky district passed into the hands of insurgents. Armament was obtained through disarmament and the defeat of the police and small military units. The breeding ground for gangsterism was a huge amount of the criminal element that had accumulated in those days in Chechnya. The basis of the gangs were deserters from the Red Army and the local criminal element. Over the second half of 1941, the number of deserters was 12 thousands of 365 people who evaded the call - 1093, in 1943, the deserters already had 20 249 people, and those who evaded service - 9838 people. In total for the three years of the war, there were 49 362 people who had evaded - 13 389 people, the total figure was 62 751 people. Of the Chechen-Ingush cavalry division alone, 850 people deserted.
After the liquidation of Soviet power in most of the settlements of the mountainous Chechnya, an armed people’s congress was convened in Galanchoz, at which the creation of the so-called “Provisional People’s Revolutionary Government of the Chechen-Ingush Republic” was proclaimed.
For the sake of objectivity, it should be noted that the organization of Israilov-Terloev for the year 1941 accepted into its ranks 5 thousands of highlanders. Five rebel districts were organized in addition to the cities of Grozny, Gudermes and Malgobek. In total, in these districts and cities there were almost 25 thousand supporters of OPKB. The party immediately established contact with the German command - the radio transmitter worked in the forests of the Shali district. The main tasks of the OPKB, in addition to creating a puppet state, were to ensure the disorganization of the Soviet rear, the eviction or destruction of all Russians, Jews and the immediate return of evicted Caucasians. Subsequently, the Israilov party was renamed the NSPKB - the National Socialist Party of the Caucasian Brothers. At the same time, the Committee of the Chechen-Gorsky National Socialist Party (PICT) was established.
The party organized a major armed uprising in the fall of 1941, in the Shatoi district of Chechnya. The reason for the speeches were mobilization activities. With difficulty, the suppressed rebellion was revived again in June of the 1942 of the year. Active participants in the uprising M. Basayev and G. Dzhangireev were arrested by law enforcement agencies.
In February, 1942 rebelled against the Soviets again in Shatoy and Itum-Kale, led by former lawyer Mayrbek Sheripov. Soon the two centers of the uprising merged into one, and at the same time the rebel military headquarters were created and the rebel government was reorganized.
Communication with the Germans was established after the envoys of Israilov illegally crossed the front line and handed a letter to their intelligence officer. On the German side, Israilov was in charge of military intelligence in the face of Osman Guba (Saidnurov). This man, an Avar by nationality, was born in the Buinaksk district of Dagestan, served in the Dagestan regiment of the Caucasian native division. In 1919, he joined the army of General Denikin, in 1921, he emigrated from Georgia to Trebizond, and then to Istanbul. Until 1937, he lived in Turkey under the name of Guba, in 1938, he was expelled to Germany, where he was noted by the Abwehr. If the German offensive in the Caucasus was successful, Guba-Saidnurov was assigned the role of the head of the political police.
Communication with Berlin was also carried out through a group of paratroopers dropped by the Luftwaffe over the territory of the Vedensky and Galanchozhsky districts of Chechnya. This group was headed by Osman Guba himself and Lieutenant Rekkert. The personnel of the landing groups were international - Russians, Chechens, Ingushs, Ossetians, Kalmyks.
Colonel Osman Gube was caught on the night of January 12 1943 near the village of Akki-Yurt. Subsequently, Guba admitted that he was amazed at how Chechens and Ingushs live: “I was surprised: why are these people dissatisfied? Under the Soviet regime, Chechens and Ingushs lived prosperously, in prosperity, much better than in pre-revolutionary times, which I personally became convinced after 4 for more than a month on the territory of Chechnya-Ingushetia. I repeat, Chechens and Ingushs do not need anything, which caught my eye when I remembered the difficult conditions and constant deprivation that mountain emigration found in Turkey and Germany. ”
At the initial stage, the actions of the Soviet law enforcement agencies against the Chechen rebels were not successful - after all, Israilov actually braided the entire North Caucasus with his agents. His agent Albogachiev was the people's commissar of internal affairs of the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and had relatives among members of the gangs in Nazran. The People's Commissar directly collaborated with Israilov, which is confirmed by a letter of the following content (with preservation of phonetics and spelling):
Dear Terloev! Hello to you!
I am very sad that your highlanders started the uprising before the appointed time. I am afraid that if you do not listen to me, we, the workers of the republic, will be exposed ... Look, for the sake of Allah, take the oath, do not call us to anyone.
You exposed yourself. You act, being in deep underground. Do not let yourself be arrested. Know that you will be shot. Keep contact with me only through my trusted accomplices.
You write me a letter of hostile deviation, threatening me with the possible, and I, too, will start to pursue you. I will burn your house, arrest some of your relatives and will stand against you everywhere and everywhere. With this we must prove that we are irreconcilable enemies and are pursuing each other.
You do not know those Gestapo Ordzhonikidze agents through whom I told you, you need to send all the information about our anti-Soviet work. Write the information about the results of the present uprising and send them to me, I can immediately send them to the address in Germany. You tear my note in front of my messenger. The time is dangerous, I fear.
Wrote: Eagle 10.ХI.1941 of the year
Head of the Anti-Banditry Department of the Chechen ASSR Lieutenant-Colonel A.A. Aliyev and other workers negotiated with Israilov and representatives of the German army about rendering assistance to German troops. Thus, at the beginning of the criminal activity of Aliyev, the deputy head of the Obb of the NKVD of the USSR Rudenko informs by instance that: “The Obb unit of the NKVD Chechen ASSR does not manage the periphery. Aliyev’s leadership is missing. For most gangs, no specific events have been held since the summer of 1942. Gangs are taken some measures only after she commits a robbery or murder. There is a significant percentage of twins among the agents, but no one is engaged in clearing the agent-information network. ”
From criminal inaction, Aliyev soon turned to direct assistance to his “Caucasian brothers” - 17 August 1942, the gang of Mairbek Sheripov actually defeated the district center of Sharoyevsky district, and a day before the raid, by order of Aliyev, an operations center and NKVD military unit were withdrawn from the district center that were intended to protect district center. Having led the OBB task force to capture Israilov-Terloev, Aliyev deliberately missed the leader of the rebels, did not organize the persecution, and the search operation was failed.
The fighting itself of those years did not differ from the reports from Chechnya, which we still hear from TV screens:
“... 6 June 1942, about 17 hours in Shatoy district, a group of armed bandits on the way to the mountains in a volley fired at a lorry with Red Army men traveling. Of the people driving the 14 vehicle, three people were killed, 2 injured. The bandits hid in the mountains. By the measures taken on 11 June, this gang was discovered on the farm of Verda, Shatoy district. In the ensuing firefight, a 3 gangster was killed, 3 injured. 5 people were killed by gangsters from among Red Army men and 6 was wounded ...
... An armed raid under the leadership of Magomadov Idris on the NKVD operational unit in Heldiharoye, as a result of which 2 was killed, 1 was wounded and several soldiers were disarmed ...
... The attack on the operative detachment in Heldiharai under the leadership of Ikh Abkhastov, accompanied by the murder of an 22 man ...
... The attack of Ikh Alkhastov's gang on the task force of Dokachcha farm, accompanied by the murder of 14 Red Army men ... ".
"Rebels" robbed shops and savings banks, cut out Russian and Jewish families, and went hunting for small units and solo military personnel.
All these speeches in the rear of the Red Army were suppressed at the cost of heavy human and material losses. For mopping, rear guard troops, armored units and aviation. Improved methods of dealing with bandits. Taking into account the experience of military operations in mountainous areas, rough terrain, maneuvering groups were created from among servicemen of the rear guard, internal affairs and local asset troops. Such groups consisted of 10-20 people, well armed with automatic weaponswho had experience of fighting in the mountains. It was these mountain-chasseurs units of the army and the NKVD that fought successfully against the bandits and their accomplices from the local population.
In addition to carrying out KGB military operations, hard work was done to eliminate the rebel leaders. Realizing that the German offensive on the front was choked, the local population was already reluctant to assist Israilov and his minions. Israilov himself with the help of a double agent contacted the head of the OBB NKVD USSR Drozdov. 1 December 1944 of the year Drozdov received a letter from Israilov with the following content (with spelling preserved):
"Hello. I wish you dear Drozdov, I have written telegrams to Moscow. Please send them to the addresses and via Yandarov send me receipts by mail with a copy of your telegram. Dear Drozdov, I ask you to do everything possible to obtain forgiveness from Moscow for all my sins, for they are not as great as they are drawn. Please send me through Yandarova copy paper 10-20 sheets and writing thin paper 100-200 sheets, notebooks 10-20 pieces, Stalin's report on 7 November 1944 years, military and political magazines and brochures for at least 10 pieces, chemical pencils 10 pieces.
Dear Drozdov, please inform me about the fate of Hussein and Osman, where they are, whether they are condemned or not.
Dear Drozdov, I need a cure for tuberculosis bacilli, the best medicine came.
Hassan Israilov (Terloev) wrote "
As can be seen from the letter, Israilov makes a nod to Moscow (according to some sources, Israilov wrote a letter to Stalin, repenting of sins and offering his candidacy for the post of head of the Chechen Republic ASSR), worrying, however, about his friends, accomplices, or rather which they possessed about him.
Subsequently, Israilov was wounded during an exchange of fire in the village of Oshnaya, where the house with the bandits was surrounded by an intelligence group of the NKVD brothers, the Umayevs, the Baysagurovs, Inderbayev. The agent brothers were afraid to shoot at the siege of any of their gang relatives, as a result of which another group of Khuchbarov (who was also in the area on the instructions of the NKVD) managed to carry Israilov away.
State security officials recruited Israilov’s many associates, who, until the last moment that was personally profitable for him, kept Israilov safe and turned him in as soon as the situation changed. Subsequently, they were all destroyed or arrested. Often close relatives who were members of the same teip were on opposite sides of the barricades.
29 December 1944, the head of the department of the State Security Committee of the NKVD of the USSR, captain of the state security Malyshev, informed Moscow that “... the task of Comrade Beria is fulfilled. Israilov Hasan was killed, the body was identified and photographed. The agency is switched to the elimination of the remnants of bandglavov.
Bandpovstancheskie speeches were finally suppressed only after the successful operation of "Lentils" - the relocation of part of the bandit hosts from the mountainous Chechnya. The remnants of the "insurgent detachments" gradually turned into small gangs, who were engaged in robbery and murder from around the corner.
Source: “The saboteurs of the Third Reich. Subversion services of the Third Reich against the USSR "- M.: Publishing House Exmo, Publishing House Yauza, 2003