The new structure, to which the bill is addressed, officially exists in the army two years ago, but the Ministry of Defense still forms the legal framework for its normal work. Initially, a separate law was written about the military police. But then the lawyers suggested to the generals that he would be appropriate if it were a question of a federal executive body. The army police is not that, therefore the document appeared, correcting 10 of the current laws and two Codes. It is called “On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation on the Activities of the Military Police of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation”.
List all articles and paragraphs of the document does not make sense. Therefore, we will focus on the main ones. Of fundamental importance is the adjustment of the Law "On Defense". They want to supplement it with an 25 article "Prim", which explains why the army needs its own law enforcement agencies. The document says that the military police is designed to protect the life, health, rights and freedoms of soldiers and officers, civilian personnel of the Armed Forces and those who undergo military training. And also to counteract crime, ensure law and order and discipline among the troops, safety on the roads (the army traffic police are already involved in the military police), and other tasks along with the traffic police. The main functions and powers of the military police will be set forth in special legal acts, including the Statute of the Military Police Service.
It is worth paying attention to two more innovations, which offer to supplement the Law "On Defense". The first - the leadership of the military police will fall on the Minister of Defense. He will determine its organizational structure and size. Moreover, the recruitment of military and civilian employees should not exceed the total number of people established for the Russian army. And secondly, the law of the army police will give the right to use physical force, special means and firearms in strictly defined cases and in a clearly defined manner. weapon. In this issue, military law enforcement officers will be equated to their colleagues from the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
- Our employees must relieve soldiers and commanders of unusual functions. The new law allows it to be done, the RG correspondent was told at the Main Directorate of the Military Police of the Ministry of Defense. This circumstance was paid attention to in the government of the Russian Federation when they were preparing an opinion on the project. It says that the proposed changes establish the powers of the military police as the body of inquiry of the Armed Forces, security measures in relation to victims, witnesses and other participants in criminal proceedings from among the military personnel. And also security of the premises of the military prosecutor’s office and military investigative agencies, the execution of criminal punishments against military personnel, which “will allow the release of commanders of military units, formations, heads of military institutions and garrisons of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation from functions not related to combat training”.
What is this about? For example, now guilty soldiers in the garrison guardhouses are guarded by ordinary soldiers. The same applies to the "guards" of those who are serving a sentence in disciplinary battalions. This, if I may say so, school of courage is hardly suitable for recruits. They do not return from the army with the skills of a warrior, but with the guards' habits. The new law will break such a practice. After all, according to him, conscripts in the guardhouses and in the security units of the disbats should be replaced by military policemen.
Another area of official activity, where military police can and should replace military officers, is conducting inquiries about some soldier’s or officer’s crime. As a rule, by order of the commander, platoon or company troops were involved in this. After the adoption of the law, the military police officer will assume the role of an investigator. A serious investigation of the crime and supervision of this process will continue to fall on the army professionals from the TFR and the Prosecutor General.
It is worth recalling that of itself today is the army police. Its structure includes the core department of the Ministry of Defense, four territorial administrations in military districts (they do not obey the commanders), territorial commandant's offices and departmental traffic police.
The total number of military police is about 6,5 thousands of people. Only professionals are admitted to serve in such bodies, and all candidates are necessarily subjected to strict, including psychological, selection.