Military Review

Armed and dangerous for criminals

9
To be submitted to the State Duma prepared a bill related to the activities of the military police. This document has already passed the necessary coordination in the government and departments, now it's up to the deputies.


The new structure, to which the bill is addressed, officially exists in the army two years ago, but the Ministry of Defense still forms the legal framework for its normal work. Initially, a separate law was written about the military police. But then the lawyers suggested to the generals that he would be appropriate if it were a question of a federal executive body. The army police is not that, therefore the document appeared, correcting 10 of the current laws and two Codes. It is called “On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation on the Activities of the Military Police of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation”.

List all articles and paragraphs of the document does not make sense. Therefore, we will focus on the main ones. Of fundamental importance is the adjustment of the Law "On Defense". They want to supplement it with an 25 article "Prim", which explains why the army needs its own law enforcement agencies. The document says that the military police is designed to protect the life, health, rights and freedoms of soldiers and officers, civilian personnel of the Armed Forces and those who undergo military training. And also to counteract crime, ensure law and order and discipline among the troops, safety on the roads (the army traffic police are already involved in the military police), and other tasks along with the traffic police. The main functions and powers of the military police will be set forth in special legal acts, including the Statute of the Military Police Service.

It is worth paying attention to two more innovations, which offer to supplement the Law "On Defense". The first - the leadership of the military police will fall on the Minister of Defense. He will determine its organizational structure and size. Moreover, the recruitment of military and civilian employees should not exceed the total number of people established for the Russian army. And secondly, the law of the army police will give the right to use physical force, special means and firearms in strictly defined cases and in a clearly defined manner. weapon. In this issue, military law enforcement officers will be equated to their colleagues from the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

- Our employees must relieve soldiers and commanders of unusual functions. The new law allows it to be done, the RG correspondent was told at the Main Directorate of the Military Police of the Ministry of Defense. This circumstance was paid attention to in the government of the Russian Federation when they were preparing an opinion on the project. It says that the proposed changes establish the powers of the military police as the body of inquiry of the Armed Forces, security measures in relation to victims, witnesses and other participants in criminal proceedings from among the military personnel. And also security of the premises of the military prosecutor’s office and military investigative agencies, the execution of criminal punishments against military personnel, which “will allow the release of commanders of military units, formations, heads of military institutions and garrisons of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation from functions not related to combat training”.

What is this about? For example, now guilty soldiers in the garrison guardhouses are guarded by ordinary soldiers. The same applies to the "guards" of those who are serving a sentence in disciplinary battalions. This, if I may say so, school of courage is hardly suitable for recruits. They do not return from the army with the skills of a warrior, but with the guards' habits. The new law will break such a practice. After all, according to him, conscripts in the guardhouses and in the security units of the disbats should be replaced by military policemen.

Another area of ​​official activity, where military police can and should replace military officers, is conducting inquiries about some soldier’s or officer’s crime. As a rule, by order of the commander, platoon or company troops were involved in this. After the adoption of the law, the military police officer will assume the role of an investigator. A serious investigation of the crime and supervision of this process will continue to fall on the army professionals from the TFR and the Prosecutor General.

It is worth recalling that of itself today is the army police. Its structure includes the core department of the Ministry of Defense, four territorial administrations in military districts (they do not obey the commanders), territorial commandant's offices and departmental traffic police.

The total number of military police is about 6,5 thousands of people. Only professionals are admitted to serve in such bodies, and all candidates are necessarily subjected to strict, including psychological, selection.
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9 comments
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  1. Yuri Y.
    Yuri Y. 27 November 2013 10: 30 New
    +1
    Maybe right. I remember in a stricter way to punish in a different garrison, a different kind of troops on the lip and there are no statutory relations. We (aviation) have once been zealous for a can of alcohol in maz .., oh, they got a hold of the tankers to teach a lesson. Honestly, a real case, only quite a while ago.
  2. Migari
    Migari 27 November 2013 11: 06 New
    +1
    BB is not enough for us, let's create a kind of "watchdogs".
    1. VadimSt
      VadimSt 27 November 2013 12: 09 New
      +1
      VV, these are units of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, especially since they never performed police functions in the armed forces ...
    2. demotivator
      demotivator 27 November 2013 16: 08 New
      0
      VV does not deal with the problems that the military police have to solve. The Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation Ministry of Internal Affairs is a military formation built according to the type of army, the main tasks of which are to ensure public safety, the constitutional system, and the rights and freedoms of citizens.
      Internal troops are not part of the Russian Armed Forces. By analogy with the border troops of the FSB of Russia, which are also military units, but they are also not part of the Armed Forces of the country.
      The Military Police of the Russian Federation (Main Directorate of the Military Police of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation) is a special formation in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The Main Directorate of the Military Police of the Ministry of Defense was formed in 2010 and is intended to ensure the strengthening of law and order and military discipline. The military police are primarily assigned the responsibility of patrolling and ensuring the protection of sensitive facilities and road safety. That is, many additional functions are removed directly from the troops: the formation of patrols, the performance of guard duty at guardhouses, the organization of a military traffic police, and now also the inquiries on military crimes.
  3. VadimSt
    VadimSt 27 November 2013 11: 32 New
    0
    Good idea, especially in terms of freeing units from providing garrison service! Efficiency will of course depend heavily on delegated responsibilities, rights and staffing. Police functions should not turn exclusively into punitive and all the more unpunished unmotivated actions of personnel.
    1. Heccrbq.3
      Heccrbq.3 27 November 2013 12: 12 New
      -2
      Why is it good? Just because there is the same thing in the West? Have we never had such a thing and suddenly needed it? Who, why?
      1. creak
        creak 27 November 2013 12: 41 New
        +2
        Military police exist not only in the West, but in a number of CIS countries and nowhere has they been recognized as unnecessary ... And military personnel should be engaged in combat training, the year of service is too short to be distracted by the performance of extraneous functions to the detriment of the development of a military specialty ... A soldier must learn to fight, and not act as a guard and go to outfits and patrols ....
  4. VohaAhov
    VohaAhov 27 November 2013 13: 02 New
    +1
    There is a proposal, in addition to the functions listed, to give to the military police and the commandant’s office, so that neither officers nor soldiers of the RF Armed Forces can take them from these outfits.
    1. Serg 122
      Serg 122 27 November 2013 15: 20 New
      0
      And so it will be! Already by order of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, changes were made to Order 450, where the words "VAI of the garrison" were replaced by VAI (territorial).
  5. Serg 122
    Serg 122 27 November 2013 15: 25 New
    0
    ... four territorial administrations in military districts (they are not subordinate to commanders)

    But I will never believe in it! And the contentment? All through Moskau? Anyway .... Is a head of such magnitude as the Commander of the district would allow that such a structure would not be subordinate to him? Even if not publicly ....
    1. alone
      alone 27 November 2013 21: 25 New
      0
      Quote: Serg 122
      ..four territorial administrations in military districts (they are not subordinate to commanders)

      But I will never believe in it! And the contentment? All through Moskau? Anyway .... Is a head of such magnitude as the Commander of the district would allow that such a structure would not be subordinate to him? Even if not publicly ....


      Do you think the district commanders will be able to disobey the orders of the Moscow Region ?. I will not believe.
  6. APASUS
    APASUS 27 November 2013 20: 01 New
    -1
    Sad!
    Another suppression structure is being created in the country. What are few of the military and internal affairs agencies, the military prosecutor’s office? We are already a paramilitary state, the number of personnel in the Ministry of Internal Affairs exceeds the Ministry of Defense. Where else? Next will the school police ???
  7. VadimSt
    VadimSt 28 November 2013 05: 06 New
    +1
    Quote: APASUS
    It’s sad! Another suppression structure is being created in the country. What are few of the BB and the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the military prosecutor’s office?

    Bread, a baker must bake! Cooking cakes - a pastry chef!
    So it is here! Combat units must study military affairs, and the military police, organize and provide commandant service, guard the rear, the movement of troops, carry out preliminary inquiries and so on.
    1. APASUS
      APASUS 28 November 2013 20: 37 New
      0
      Quote: VadimSt
      Bread, a baker must bake! Cooking cakes - a pastry chef! So here!

      What are you sculpting here about what should anyone do?
      What is our native police doing in such a huge amount that it is necessary to create another sister-city, but only in military uniform! What’s done with crime?