Military Review

Automatic American grenade launcher Mk.47 (Mark 47)

16
Today, views on the use of automatic grenade launchers in combat have undergone a certain adjustment, taking into account the experience of warfare, which was obtained in Afghanistan and Iraq. The experience gained in these countries clearly demonstrated that the fire capabilities of modern infantry units should be significantly enhanced. This can be realized precisely through the active introduction of automatic grenade launchers and large-caliber machine guns, which today play the role of the main means of infantry fire support during the battle. Automatic grenade launchers can be used for reliable fire suppression of enemy forces and assets at distances that exceed the range of a conventional rifle. weapons.


In modern conditions, the concept of development of automatic grenade launchers is experiencing a stage when grenades begin to receive electronic remote fuses, which ensure the detonation of grenades in the air directly above or close to the target in the event of a miss. Research in this direction is conducted today in a number of countries, including the United States and France, as well as a number of other states. In order to ensure the operation of such grenades directly above the target, modern grenade launchers or complex weapon systems receive special computerized sights, which, among other things, include a ballistic computer and a laser rangefinder.

One example of a modern 40-mm automatic grenade launcher is the American Mk.47, also known as the Striker 40. This grenade launcher often became one of the most prominent types of weapons at various thematic exhibitions, in particular, at the exhibition of the Association of the United States Army - the Association of the United States Army, which is held annually.

Automatic American grenade launcher Mk.47 (Mark 47)

Work on the creation of a completely new 40-mm automatic grenade launcher, which was to replace the American army with the time-tested, but rather heavy grenade launcher Mk.19 Mod.3 (more than 25 thousands of grenade launchers were launched), was launched by Saco Defense, which currently It is a division of Armament and Technical Products, part of the concern General Dynamics, at the end of the 80-s of the last century. The main task of American designers was to facilitate the construction and increase the combat effectiveness of the grenade launcher through the use of modern computerized sighting systems.

The first experimental models of the new automatic grenade launcher, which received the Striker 40 brand name, were ready for the 1995 year. In the same year, the US Department of Defense officially approved the organization of the development team, which consisted of Saco Defense (responsible for creating the most automatic grenade launcher and integrating the entire system) and Raytheon (creating a computerized sight). Later the NAMMO company from Norway joined the team of the creators of the grenade launcher. She acted as the creator of the new 40-mm grenades with remote blasting in the air.

The Striker 40 grenade launcher developed by them, designated Mk.47 mod.0 or Advanced Lightweight Grenade Launcher (ALGL), was officially adopted by the US Special Operations Forces in the 2003 year. In 2006, this grenade launcher complex was tested at the ILC - US Marine Corps.


The modern 40-mm automatic grenade launcher Mk.47 mod.0 is an effective weapon based on automation with a short barrel stroke while ensuring its tight locking. A grenade launcher fires from a closed bolt to increase the likelihood of hitting a target from the first shot. Power grenade tape, it is made of standard placer tape. The grenade launcher is mounted on a new lightweight tripod Mk.108. This machine includes a retainer in its composition, which makes it possible to firmly fasten a grenade launcher for firing at a given point and aiming mechanisms after shooting.

Fire control is performed using the 2-x handles, which are located in the rear of the receiver, as well as the trigger button between them, which has an L-shape. The most important element of the Striker 40 grenade launcher is its sighting system AN / PWG-1, created by Raytheon. This scope, which includes a daytime television channel, has an increase in 3X and the ability to display images on the built-in LCD display, it also includes a ballistic computer and a laser range finder. In addition, the sighting system has an interface that provides the ability to connect a night sight, operating in the IR range, with the image output from the night vision channel on the same LCD display. The sighting system is controlled using an 4-position mini-joystick and buttons located in the back of the grenade launcher above the release button.

The use of a computerized sighting system on the Mk.47 mod.0 automatic grenade launcher can significantly improve the accuracy of firing (especially at large and medium distances), as well as significantly reduce the expenditure of ammunition, if compared with grenade launchers with ordinary sighting devices.


This automatic grenade launcher is designed to use the entire wide range of 40-mm (40x53) "high-speed" NATO grenades, equipped with a shock fuse. In the future, grenades with a detonator programmed at the time of the shot and remote air strikes should appear on its armament. The slightly reduced rate of firing of the new Mk.47 mod.0 grenade launcher compared to its predecessor the Mk.19 (225-300 rds / min versus 300-400 rds / min), and the presence of quick-change barrels in its composition is almost completely excluded the probability of overheating of the barrel with intensive shooting. Another important innovation of the new grenade launcher is the shot counter installed on it, thanks to which the shooter can keep under constant control the technical condition of the automatic grenade launcher and plan its timely maintenance.

Performance characteristics of the Mark 47:
Grenade launcher caliber: 40х53mm.
Type: automatic 40-mm grenade launcher having belt feed.
Body weight grenade launcher - 18 kg, complete with machine-tripod and sighting complex AN / PWG-1 - 41 kg.
Length - 940 mm.
Firing Rate - 225-300 rds / min
The effective range of firing - up to 1500 meters on point targets, the maximum - 2200 meters.

Information sources:
http://world.guns.ru/grenade/usa/mk27-r.html
http://www.popmech.ru/blogs/post/1040-evolyutsiya-oruzhiya-amerikanskie-avtomaticheskie-granatom-tyi/
http://weapon.at.ua/load/223-1-0-307
http://ru.wikipedia.org
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16 comments
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  1. Apollo
    Apollo 27 November 2013 08: 22
    +7
    Video in the subject.
  2. makarov
    makarov 27 November 2013 08: 23
    +6
    "In the future, it should be armed with grenades with a fuse programmable at the time of the shot and remote air blasting ..."
    This can be stated in relation to any unit armed with weapons ... only the question arises about the cost of the 1st model, and then the next one about the appropriateness of such costs ... In general, I observe that soon for Americans, in addition to grenade launchers, it will also include obligatory hot lunch ..
  3. duke
    duke 27 November 2013 09: 28
    +2
    it’s also high time for us to accept a 40 mm grenade launcher, which is easier and more effective than foreign analogues. By weight, the Balkans is almost equal to the 30-mm AGS-17 Flame.

    The Balkan's superiority was made possible by a new principle - the so-called mortar round with an ejected cartridge case. This principle makes it possible to almost double the use of the explosive mass and, accordingly, to increase fragmentation due to a denser layout of the projectile. Thus, a significant reduction in the mass and an increase in the power of the weapon is ensured, the mass of explosive in the shells for the Balkan was brought to 90 grams instead of 40 grams for the Flame. The firing range of the new grenade launcher was increased to 2,5 kilometers instead of 1,7 kilometers for the AGS-17. "Balkan" was developed on the basis of the experienced 40-mm TKB-0134 "Kozlik" grenade launcher, created in the 1980s. The rate of fire of the grenade launcher is 400 rounds per minute, the mass is about 32 kilograms. In addition, the "Balkan" is standardly equipped with a telescopic sight. And if you still use a similar sighting system, like the Americans, it will not have a price. It would be nice to develop a manual 40 mm RAG like the Ukrainian "Valar" http://weapon.at.ua/load/224-1-0-284
    1. Timeout
      Timeout 27 November 2013 12: 43
      +2
      Have you heard anything about AGS-30? And he weighs 16 kg with the machine! By the way, our 30 mm. grenade in terms of the power of ammunition is in no way inferior to the American 40 mm. Our only range is less.
      1. luiswoo
        luiswoo 27 November 2013 14: 55
        0
        Quote: Timeout
        Have you heard anything about AGS-30? And he weighs 16 kg with the machine! By the way, our 30 mm. grenade in terms of the power of ammunition is in no way inferior to the American 40 mm. Our only range is less.

        Strange, the Balkans surpasses AGS-17 \ 30 in the power of ammunition twice, and in range one and a half times. Is this not an argument in his favor?
      2. Akim
        Akim 27 November 2013 18: 19
        0
        Quote: Timeout
        By the way, our 30 mm. the grenade is not inferior to the American 40 mm in the power of ammunition.

        Yields and is well inferior.
        1. Timeout
          Timeout 28 November 2013 12: 18
          0
          Have you had anything to compare? I had., Mk.19 Americans themselves do not particularly respect.
          The M430 grenade has a cunning fuse that quite often fails, the declared armor-piercing, also full bullshit, the standard armor from the M113 coffin does not break. And the funniest thing is that the finished fragments sometimes do not even penetrate the standard plate carrier 3 meters from the grenade rupture. Did anyone complain about this? At least our bronik without plates and pea jacket is tearing, and from minced fragments it is continuous stuffing.
      3. cdrt
        cdrt 27 November 2013 19: 06
        0
        Quote: Timeout
        Have you heard anything about AGS-30? And he weighs 16 kg with the machine! By the way, our 30 mm. grenade in terms of the power of ammunition is in no way inferior to the American 40 mm. Our only range is less.


        not only range, but also accuracy.
        In general - even though both are grenade launchers, the others are not very similar to the others. We have something like a "microminet" winked , and them - a light "automatic cannon" - I remember this for a long time on the varonline they dressed up - which is better.
        Also, about the Balkans and its comparison with the new grenades for the AGS-30, there was a funny dispute between a KB employee who created ammunition for the AGS-30 and created the Balkans on Valor. AGS-30th proved that new grenades fly almost 2km accurately enough and will soon do so that they fly up to 2500m and even hit
        1. Timeout
          Timeout 28 November 2013 12: 24
          0
          For this, the AGS was created to hit group targets, and does not hunt for loners and throw grenades into embrasures, there is another weapon for this. There is a separate conversation about KB employees, the only thing I can say in those circles is that it is not customary to take dirty linen out of the hut, in no way could they enter into polemics. And most importantly, try shooting at 2500 m from any weapon. If this is not a cannon, you can choose the options yourself. I affirm as a person who really used this weapon, and I know how it works ...
  4. tchoni
    tchoni 27 November 2013 09: 43
    +5
    Yes .......... Let’s equip the bullet with a homing head with air rudders and a friend-or-foe identification system ..... And we will estimate how much it will cost ....
    If we equip the system with remote detonation - then at least a grenade from an RPG-7 or something else so beautiful and powerful.
    Because how many such high-precision grenades will be in the AGSA BC? 10 ?, 20?
    What can parasite such a grenade? A sniper? - so here the cover is needed over the area. embrasure bunker? - So accuracy is needed higher than that of the AGS (it has so-so accuracy like any short-barrel).
    Infantry after parapet - so here the regular ammunition for the AGS is good to handle. The question is only with the exact definition of range.
    1. makarov
      makarov 27 November 2013 12: 08
      0
      "..Let's equip the bullet with a homing head with air rudders .."

      This has been available for a long time, search the net, maybe you will find a "smart bullet"
  5. complete zero
    complete zero 27 November 2013 10: 26
    0
    correct the same AGS if I'm wrong?
    1. Timeout
      Timeout 27 November 2013 12: 46
      +1
      Quote: complete zero
      correct the same AGS if I'm wrong?

      The same Automatic Grenade Launcher Easel only compared to that of the AGS-30 is a complete guano, like the MK.19 vs. AGS-17.
      1. Akim
        Akim 27 November 2013 18: 24
        0
        Quote: Timeout
        Automatic Grenade Launcher Easel

        Washing unit at 17kW. Did not hear? And I almost fell off the chair when I heard this from the young lieutenant rear.
        1. Timeout
          Timeout 28 November 2013 11: 55
          0
          Well, if I heard from a date, then still wherever it went. And if from the supplier, this is the khan of the troops.
  6. bazilio
    bazilio 27 November 2013 13: 48
    +2
    The whole chip of this grenade launcher is only in a smart sighting complex and smart ammunition (which have not yet appeared, as I understand). Above, comrades wondered how much this is all justified in the economic aspect. maybe this is really an unnecessary waste of money, but .... similar technology is currently expensive, but in the very near future the cost will surely decrease. Therefore, the Russian Federation also needs to equip the AGS 30 with similar stray, even if only as prototypes of a limited series
    1. alex-cn
      alex-cn 27 November 2013 15: 36
      0
      It seems to me that ours solved a similar problem, as always - it is easier and cheaper to make a jumping grenade. In principle, after all, the task of any AGS is to "sow hectares" anyway. Electronic pribluds are more needed for single accurate shooting.
      Question: somehow I did not understand from the article that electronics, including the display, are tightly integrated into the grenade launcher? If so, then the price is worthless to him.
      1. i.xxx-1971
        i.xxx-1971 29 November 2013 01: 25
        0
        Our all tasks are solved more efficiently and simply. Americans, at the dawn of the nuclear era, created cost-effective instruments for measuring the power of a nuclear explosion. Ours numbered the bricks, placed them on the training ground, collected them after the explosion and, knowing their initial location, weight and range, calculated the power of the product ... In Cuba, during the Caribbean crisis, American intelligence was tasked with stealing a sample of the Soviet anti-aircraft missile. The missiles were stored at open air defense positions. American intelligence created a special grip for the helicopter with which, swiftly flying over the air defense position, the helicopter pilots had to capture the rocket and soar into the sky with it, before it started. Ours simply fastened several anti-aircraft missiles together, and the system was not designed for such a weight and dimensions. The CIA operation was unsuccessful (by the way, a similar system was successfully used by them when they evacuated their people from an abandoned Soviet Arctic station in the 70s. A special capture was captured there from a plane passing by) ... In order to write in zero gravity, NASA developed a very expensive special pen, and ours did not develop anything. We still write in zero gravity with a normal pencil ... At one time, the CIA dug a long time digging from West Berlin to East Berlin. Experienced British discouraged them, they say, there will be no sense. And they were right. When the snow came down, our digging place was determined by sagging soil and thawed areas: the miners warmed themselves underground while working. We did without Philby ... In general, this country cannot be defeated!
    2. sapran
      sapran 27 November 2013 17: 37
      0
      Oh. If they can make such a "tsatsu" then the first consumers will be 2A42 and 2A72 for those who did not serve (BMP-2, BTR-82 (80A), this is such a tsatsu that it will find its own food.
  7. Droid
    Droid 27 November 2013 17: 30
    0
    Speak up? I don’t know how in the US Army, but in our BMP with a gun in each compartment or armored personnel carriers with KPVT.
  8. alert_timka
    alert_timka 27 November 2013 22: 05
    0
    probably on this grenade launcher the sight itself weighs 10 kilograms))
    1. stoqn477
      stoqn477 28 November 2013 00: 35
      0
      I doubt Americans dislike heavy stuff. They want to give them more easily. laughing
  9. Old skeptic
    Old skeptic 27 November 2013 22: 58
    +1
    Heavy crap, - quickly change the position of the problem for the calculation + large returns. (AGS-30, and the Balkans in this sense are much cooler).
    I watched the movie "Weapons of the Future" with bald criticism, and so this one d-beat, told what a wonderful thing a 25mm grenade with remote detonation was, and how wonderful it is to shoot it at the window of the building where the enemy is. It seems that it explodes behind the enemy's back due to remote detonation (such as a wall behind the enemy's back, so that a blunt grenade explodes when hitting it, the effect is also, and the price is lower and the caliber is higher). And batteries are needed. And what's worse if the grenade just bounces and explodes? No, a night sight, an infra-visor, of course, are needed, but these are external canopies.
    By the way, and remote detonation can be made easier. They have a chip in a grenade that counts revolutions in flight, well, a grant is a hefty expensive. And it’s possible, as an upgrade, to put a cheap radio detonator on a grenade, and on an AGS a transmitter with a detonation timer and a range finder, it will be much cheaper.