Military Review

US advocates peace and military planning in the Arctic

39
The United States has recently defended its Arctic interests according to a distorted Latin dictum: “If you want peace, prepare a parabell”. The US Secretary of Defense talks about peaceful navigation in the Arctic Ocean and the freedom of navigation, and immediately declares the need for military planning in the region and the strengthening of military ties with local states. And earlier, six months ago, President Barack Obama signed the “US Strategy for the Arctic”, which noted the need to take care of the environment and preserve the region as a conflict-free zone.




The other day in the Russian media has passed news that America is going to defend the freedom of navigation in the Arctic. The head of the Pentagon, Chuck Hagel, said this: "In the Arctic Ocean, navigation should be as peaceful as in other oceans."

What worried the main American military? Perhaps advisers whispered to Hagel that the Russians had planned an invasion of the American lands through the Arctic Ocean, simultaneously wishing to seize Canada?

It turns out that Mr. Hagel was inspired not by aggressive Russians, but by topical environmental issues. The Secretary of Defense believes that it is time for the United States to make adjustments to "military planning," because ice is melting.

Hagel is also concerned with a certain northern commercial activity. Apparently, once some states are joking there, then America is necessary. And who in the USA everywhere first puts his nose into “activity”? That's right, the military. Therefore, as the peace-loving Vietnamese veteran Hagel said, the Pentagon "will continuously make assessments of its needs in the Arctic as commercial activity grows in the region."

And so that the Kremlin did not think that some hidden threat was addressed to it, the Minister of Defense explained: “Washington will strengthen military ties with the Arctic countries. This includes Russia, with which the United States and Canada have common interests in the region and are seeking to create opportunities for constructive cooperation between the military. ”

The Pentagon took the Arctic because the melting of the ice opens up new sea routes, and Russia is already there. And then there is oil and gas. And, if you think about it, Russia is the main strategic player in the region. And the United States can not tolerate this. Hence, Hagel’s statements, and Obama’s “Strategy”. It is clear that they are talking about energy, ecology, security, freedom of navigation and other pleasant things to the international community. The Russian threat is from some Romney’s rhetoric, but not Obama and his appointee Hagel.

Before the three-day November security conference in Canada, Hagel told the Associated Press reporters about climate change, energy, security in the Arctic, and the emergence of polar maritime routes that provide new opportunities. And these very possibilities were cleverly linked not with America, but with all countries of the world. “This opens up many new opportunities for different countries, for the whole world,” said Mr. Hagel on his way to Halifax.

Of course, where possible, there are threats. “But at the same time, this brings with it new challenges,” said the head of the Pentagon. “Therefore, the United States should take a very active part in this group.”

All this is trite. The United States simply does not want to miss the tasty northern piece that Russians, Canadians, Norwegians share, and even the Chinese lately, whose participation in the division of the cake looks a bit doubtful. But the Chinese are very eager to replace the decrepit hegemon on the planet.

The current geopolitical players in the Arctic are attracted by not caring for local mammals and not upholding an undefined “security”. The interests of all those who rotate in the Arctic are purely economic. Industrialists and governments are in a hurry to divide those thirty percent (almost a third!) Of the world's undiscovered gas reserves that may be in the region and thirteen percent of the oil reserves (estimates). When the ice begins to melt - and it happens in years through 15-20 - access to these natural treasures will be facilitated. According to some expert data, in 2030, all the ice in the Arctic will disappear. Tour operators are already thinking about new northern routes (no joke).

The US military simply can not participate in the carving of such a pie. Under the guise of oceanography, high ranks have already made the relevant statements.

Team leader fleet The US on climate change, Rear Admiral and Oceanographer Jonathan White told the Associated Press that the military should already be thinking about strategic Arctic doctrine, military equipment, aircraft, military training, and more.

The ice has not yet melted and tourists are still not sunbathing on the beaches of the Arctic Ocean, but as they say, prepare a sleigh in the summer, and a cart in the winter.

In addition, Admiral White, if you read different sources, generally believes that many areas in the Arctic will be freed from ice by the 2020 year.

Finally, the same White said that the US Navy specialists are working to create technologies to strengthen the hulls of ships, so that they can withstand the pressure of ice.

And this means that the Americans want to be present in the region even before the ice melts there completely. They want to be there if not today, then tomorrow.

According to White, the issues of expanding the infrastructure of naval bases in the Arctic are also being considered in Washington. "We need to start searching for effective solutions that will allow the creation of the Arctic Navy in less than ten years," the American admiral explained.

It should be noted that Russia is well aware of the Arctic concern of America. And make the appropriate conclusions.

Even before his third term in office, Vladimir Putin, while in the post of prime minister, stated the need to build up the submarine fleet in the Arctic.

And just recently, last month, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu spoke on the subject of the return of naval ships to the Arctic. It is also known that the Ministry of Defense is building a Temp airfield on the New Siberian Islands.

The other day, the position of Russia was also explained by the Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, Nikolai Patrushev. According to him, the government is carrying out "consistent work to strengthen the groupings of troops to protect the national interests of Russia in the Arctic."

From all this we can conclude that in the region there is a struggle for resources and trade routes, which translates into a real informational battle in the geopolitical field. No, the new “cold war” still does not smell, although we are talking about the northern territories. However, the closer the world comes to the melting of the ice, the hotter this prelude will become to the “cold war”.

And the recent Greenpeace action is a confirmation of this. Experts did not expect that the UN Tribunal will take the side of the crew of the Arctic Sunrise and the Netherlands, who filed a lawsuit. However, on November 22 it became known that the UN tribunal ordered the Greenpeace members to release.

True, Russia may not respond to the decision of this court (the UN International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea in Hamburg). In 1997, Russia ratified the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, but with reservations. Moscow has not adopted dispute settlement procedures on the exercise of sovereign rights and jurisdiction, which lead to binding decisions for the parties. Therefore, a fresh decision of the tribunal for Russia is not a decree. After all, the crew of “Arctic Sunrise” is suspected of violating Russian legislation on the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf. Recently, Vladimir Putin said that the priority for the actions of the Russian authorities should be the national legislation of the Russian Federation. Therefore, our Ministry of Foreign Affairs got off with a formal report, in which it is noted that Moscow “will certainly study the decision of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and formulate its attitude towards it”.

Of course, the Greenpeace case will not be the only one in the clash of international interests in the Arctic. If the Americans are seriously concerned about freedom of navigation, security issues and commercial activity in the region, then this means that the world gendarme plans to stake out his presence, including the military, in the Arctic Ocean.

Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
39 comments
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  1. rrrd
    rrrd 27 November 2013 07: 55
    +7
    how can it be without the usa!

    America gathered to defend freedom of navigation in the Arctic. This was stated by the head of the Pentagon, Chuck Hagel: "In the Arctic Ocean, navigation should be as peaceful as in other oceans."

    bullshit !!!
    I feel soon kneading will be!
    1. Orel
      Orel 27 November 2013 07: 58
      12
      US Secretary of Defense talks about peaceful navigation in the Arctic Ocean and freedom of navigation


      Translated into human language, this means that the United States is forming AUG for the Arctic theater of war ...
      1. Canep
        Canep 27 November 2013 10: 21
        15
        Quote: Orel
        Translated into human language, this means that the United States is forming AUG for the Arctic theater of war ...

        None of their aircraft carriers can operate in the North Ocean. It’s cold there, and the steam catapult freezes with ice. The remaining ships need re-equipment, only submarines remain. But they are only suitable for patrolling and surveillance. NO AMERICAN ARCTIC FLEET. And taking into account their economic condition, it is not expected. It is not necessary to remind about Gerald Ford, as long as this is a nuclear trough, without catapults, finishers and radar.
        1. 123321
          123321 27 November 2013 19: 21
          +1
          Now, how clear is the purpose of the USS Gerald R. Ford series of aircraft carriers. its catapults are electromagnetic.
        2. bif
          bif 27 November 2013 21: 02
          +1
          Quote: Canep
          NO AMERICAN ARCTIC FLEET

          Moreover, there is not even a scientific base, experience in the construction and operation of anything in the conditions of the Northern latitudes. Even the vaunted GPS in those latitudes gives an error of at least 800m.
          Lagging behind the Russian Federation is insurmountable, and even 20-30 years will not solve much in the context of economic cohesion of the states.
          So gentlemen from the states can want and plan anything, but only the "Wishlist" has not grown.
      2. Heccrbq.3
        Heccrbq.3 27 November 2013 13: 54
        +4
        Well, why, let it form, you have something or me? You won’t get money from the sale of oil or gas from the Arctic shelf, nor do I. Yes, and generally from no shelf. We got a social rate for electricity, for water, if oil prices will fall, but they will fall. You will pay for air and I will.
    2. AVV
      AVV 27 November 2013 12: 21
      12
      And the UN Tribunal, as always, expresses the interests of the states, we generally need to get out of any Strathburg courts and act only according to our own laws, and not according to gay terms !!!
  2. makarov
    makarov 27 November 2013 07: 55
    +1
    The author of the photo should add the word "SALUN" to the ice advertisement, and the reader will become much clearer and more accessible in understanding
  3. TAIM
    TAIM 27 November 2013 07: 56
    +4
    the Yankees rolled their lips. we’ll deal with the Arctic without you.
    1. Simon
      Simon 27 November 2013 22: 30
      +1
      So their toad presses that it’s not they who are getting stronger there, but the Russians. belay laughing
  4. Valery Neonov
    Valery Neonov 27 November 2013 08: 11
    +3
    "... President Barack Obama signed the US Arctic Strategy, which emphasized the need to care for the environment and keep the region as a conflict-free zone."- and, as a consequence, carry the "foundations of democracy" to the WHITE BEARS. fellow This has already passed, where the Americans, there wait for a conflict!
  5. lewerlin53rus
    lewerlin53rus 27 November 2013 08: 31
    11
    Moscow, "of course, will study the decision of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and formulate its attitude to it."
    1. Simon
      Simon 27 November 2013 22: 34
      0
      Noah understood this in such a way that paper is for the M. Tribunal. That is, let them wash in the toilet. laughing
  6. Yuri Y.
    Yuri Y. 27 November 2013 08: 45
    +3
    Yes .., well, how will you be friendly to the Americans. They treat everything as their own, even ours. As they say on a mowing bite.
  7. Stiletto
    Stiletto 27 November 2013 09: 06
    +5
    The word "ecology" is translated from the American as "oil" and "gas". Therefore, there is no doubt that the United States will certainly take care of environmental problems, and there cannot be. Our task is to stop these ecologists. The batch will be, rrd noticed everything correctly.
    1. Papakiko
      Papakiko 27 November 2013 10: 34
      +2
      Quote: Stiletto
      The word "ecology" from the American translates as "oil" and "gas"

      "Businesssss and nothing personal"
  8. Victor
    Victor 27 November 2013 09: 12
    +7
    Eagles, even white-headed in the Arctic do not fly, wings freeze. Bears roam there - this is their exclusive economic zone. Therefore, the Yusovites will not break off there, the bear itself is just right!
    1. Ascetic
      Ascetic 27 November 2013 20: 26
      +3
      Quote: Victor
      Eagles, even white-headed in the Arctic do not fly, wings freeze. Bears roam there - this is their exclusive economic zone. Therefore, the Yusovites will not break off there, the bear itself is just right!


      There is such a book. The author, George Savitsky, is called "Battlefield Arctic" I didn’t read it myself, but here’s the story description
      In the near future, the Arctic will become a new "powder keg" - only its colossal reserves of minerals can save the crumbling economy of the West, which means that a war for these resources is inevitable. And now the American Evil Empire throws down an open challenge to Russia. The North and Barents Seas, the underwater Lomonosov Ridge and Spitsbergen Island are becoming the scene of fierce battles. Cruise missiles are targeting the Kola nuclear power plant and Murmansk. The nuclear-powered missile cruiser "Admiral Nakhimov" dies, but does not surrender, and its "brother" Peter the Great brings down the full power of Russian anger on the Yankees ... Russian Polar Bear vs American Bald Eagle! The Red Banner Northern Fleet against the US Navy! Russian submarine missile carriers against enemy submarines! Su-34PL fighter bombers against NATO vultures! Battlefield - Arctic!

      link
      1. Victor
        Victor 28 November 2013 16: 15
        0
        Thanks for the link. Be sure to read.
  9. Volkhov
    Volkhov 27 November 2013 09: 59
    +2
    Experts did not expect the UN tribunal to side with the crew of the Arctic Sunrise and the Netherlands, who filed the lawsuit.

    Volkhov RU October 5, 2013 13:13 | Greenpeace. Fighters for the "greens"
    It is clear to everyone that the pirates - the Federal Security Service of the FSB - detained the ship outside the territorial waters with firing, then broke and forced the captured ship to drag itself to Murmansk.
    The platform was declared "ice-resistant" - that is, it must withstand the bulk of ice fields with a load of tens of thousands of tons (supposedly) - how could the banner damage it?
    The actions of the authorities are fraught with the fact that in a counterclaim, state property will be arrested abroad, including vessels in ports and tervodas — the flag of the Russian Federation and so rare in civilian courts ...
    So something happens in the region that requires hiding so much that they spat on all the risks and tied possible witnesses ... from notable events - the Great Armada’s campaign along the NSR to the Boiler House with 3 floating cranes in its composition - or to lift something from the bottom, whether for laying there ... whether it’s not the Kuzkin’s Mom ... then the ecologists really will not understand.

    Experts ... our experts are the most unexpected in the world - the question was immediately obvious.
  10. pahom54
    pahom54 27 November 2013 10: 04
    +8
    The conclusion from the article I made this.
    The states started talking about peace AND CONTROL of peaceful navigation in the Arctic Ocean, which means that we must prepare to repel these "PEACEFUL" attempts.
    A GREEN pancake scribes planted in jail, especially since there is a legal opportunity for this. This will serve as a lesson and edification for others.
  11. George
    George 27 November 2013 10: 12
    +6
    The other day there was a message about a tiger discovered in Primorye that was killed by poachers.
    I went to the site of greens - silence. Only about the Arctic 40 angry screams.
    What other doubts are there.
  12. Commander
    Commander 27 November 2013 10: 24
    +3
    To plant, not to plant, the hype is afraid. And the fact that the Americans really rolled their lips is a fact !! Ours at the pace resuscitated. From 01.12, the permanent line-up on the island begins; the airfield has already been commissioned !! We still need to reanimate all the old closed units in the North, and the faster the better!
  13. Ivanovich47
    Ivanovich47 27 November 2013 10: 27
    +3
    Quote: “In the Arctic Ocean, navigation should be as peaceful as in other oceans.”
    The cynicism of American eggheads rushing from all cracks. How are things with other oceans? Is the Atlantic Ocean Peaceful ?. And the aggressive military bloc named after the Atlantic Ocean - NATO, are peacekeepers? I'm not talking about the Pacific Ocean, which is stuffed with American military bases, like watermelon seeds. If American strategists mean this, then US policy on the Arctic Ocean is becoming clear.
  14. Boa kaa
    Boa kaa 27 November 2013 10: 37
    +8
    The wealth of Russia will grow with Siberia. And I would also add the Arctic. SevMorPut shortens the delivery time of goods from the Asia-Pacific region to Europe by 2 weeks. Hence the "concern" of the Yankees about the increased commercial activity in the North. This way, the PRC will very quickly, without the Suez Canal, begin to deliver its cargo to its destination. Provision of pilotage is ours. So we have fees. And so that the guys do not spoil with us "There is a tempo". Anyway, the Arctic is a zone of our national interests, and we need to be ready to defend them even by force of arms.
    1. Migari
      Migari 27 November 2013 14: 43
      +2
      Hi Alexander, it is said for sure, I agree completely. good
    2. kaktus
      kaktus 27 November 2013 15: 37
      0
      "... Siberia and the Arctic Ocean" - this is Lomonosov, often an incomplete quote. Otherwise +!
    3. Ascetic
      Ascetic 27 November 2013 20: 41
      +4
      Quote: Boa constrictor KAA
      This way, the PRC will very quickly, without the Suez Canal, begin to deliver its goods to their destination. The provision of pilotage is ours. So us and fees.


      The multi-purpose bulk carrier YONG SHENG of the Chinese ocean shipping company COSCO arrived at the port of Rotterdam on the afternoon of September 10, 2013, becoming the first Chinese commercial vessel to reach Europe for the first time on the Northern Sea Route.

      Recall that on August 08, 2013, the ship left the port of Dalian, Northeast China, and set sail on the Northeast Sea Pass to Europe.
      link
      It turns out that the journey took almost a month through Suez - according to plan, such a ship goes to Rotterdam for 48 days.

      Fees are not that simple. The USSR controlled the navigation of foreign ships along the Northern Sea Route, and it was paid. However, in March 1997, the Yeltsin administration ratified the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, according to which the country's territorial waters along the northern borders fit into a 12-mile zone (22 kilometers). Since then, the Russian Federation has not "gotten around" to deal with this transport route. Thank God this year they have taken up the Arctic seriously, because without a strong Arctic grouping, even without agreements, everyone will spit on us from a high pagoda or church.
  15. dnh1970
    dnh1970 27 November 2013 10: 51
    +7
    Anglo-Saxons robbed the whole world, and our ancestors mastered Siberia and the Arctic for their descendants, paying with their lives .... How can anyone be allowed to use their achievements?
  16. adm656
    adm656 27 November 2013 11: 15
    +2
    Moscow, "of course, will study the decision of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and formulate its attitude to it."
    Put big big x ....
  17. mitya24
    mitya24 27 November 2013 11: 20
    10
    No one knows for sure, but there are suggestions that there are more hydrocarbons in the Arctic than on the Arabian Peninsula. But this is not the main advantage of this region. The main thing - THERE ARE NO ARABS. There are only bears, cute white bears, absolutely tolerant, not calling for jihad, bears.
  18. agbykov
    agbykov 27 November 2013 12: 40
    0
    para bellum - translated as "prepare for war." Full expression Si vis pacem, para bellum ("If you want peace, prepare for war")
  19. Svetlana
    Svetlana 27 November 2013 12: 59
    0
    To patrol the Arctic zone with thermal airships - their speed (200 km / h) is higher than that of the nuclear submarines or AUGs, so you can always catch up with a submarine and finish it off with Granite or leave the fighter range with AUGs by sending Onyx, Yakhont or Iskander to meet them.
  20. Peaceful military
    Peaceful military 27 November 2013 14: 18
    +9
    So what's the problem? Who is stopping the Americans from navigating the Arctic Ocean? Ah they need the Russian Northern Sea Route. Well then, the Russians also need unimpeded navigation on the Big Lakes and the Mississippi.
  21. q_556
    q_556 27 November 2013 14: 58
    0
    Error in the header, fixed:
    The United States stands for peace and military planning in the Arctic under the close supervision and leadership of the United States
  22. andrey-ivanov
    andrey-ivanov 27 November 2013 15: 29
    +4
    Well, if the USA itself stands for peace, and even in the Arctic, then it's time to uncover the club angry
  23. SIBIR38RUS
    SIBIR38RUS 27 November 2013 17: 30
    +1
    the Americans will rest there .... they don’t give out boots in the Pentagon! :) :) :)
  24. psyholirik
    psyholirik 27 November 2013 20: 12
    +3
    you roll your lip, to hell with you and not the Arctic angry
  25. chunga-changa
    chunga-changa 27 November 2013 21: 43
    +1
    If in America they talk about freedom, then somewhere there will be war.
  26. poquello
    poquello 27 November 2013 21: 47
    +2
    With such American manners, the world will be when the United States is taught good manners or nailed at all.
  27. The comment was deleted.
  28. Shur
    Shur 27 November 2013 22: 41
    +2
    The shadow of the ice battle has approached .. It will not be hockey, but wall to wall :) We must begin to develop the theme of Arctic UFOs, suddenly flying out of the carts. Such are all in the swastika and herachat everyone who looks like the Yankees. Not forgetting to reinforce the mythology with special effects, after which the amer's vessels would be unhealthy. Operation "Shaitan from under the water gives pi ..". laughing
  29. CHILD
    CHILD 27 November 2013 22: 48
    0
    then on TV they drove that Wang predicted the Arctic, and then the Antarctic war))))))
  30. Crrusader40
    Crrusader40 27 November 2013 23: 40
    +1
    "America for Peace"
    well kaneshn
  31. Cedar
    Cedar 27 November 2013 23: 46
    +1
    Interested in a new Yankee sea route ?! I propose to shift the focus by organizing a large North American Channel! )))
  32. Sergey Medvedev
    Sergey Medvedev 28 November 2013 00: 28
    +2
    By the way, the Yankees violate the environment in Alaska! Expand the production of gas, oil and shale! We must take Alaska from them. For the sake of ecology. smile
  33. i.xxx-1971
    i.xxx-1971 29 November 2013 00: 58
    0
    You should not pay attention to this nonsense. The ice does not melt after 20 years, or after 30 years, generally never part. This is the same bullshit as ozone holes, global warming and AIDS. A cold policy of national interests should be rigorously pursued: to build an icebreaking fleet and cities, develop infrastructure, create and build up a group of troops in the region. And to put Greenpeace and all the like for real terms. You can pass a law: a foreigner who has served more than a year in a Russian prison automatically receives Russian citizenship and goes to spend time in a regular Russian prison, after leaving which - only to Holland. Those wishing to go to Greenpeace will be very few.
  34. EdwardTich68
    EdwardTich68 29 November 2013 21: 14
    0
    Well, what can I think, mining by hydropower can lead to a reduction in population
    The Arctic is a classic pattern of production. As they say, sheep are sheared, etc., etc.