Military Review

20 obscure AK-47 variants

20 obscure AK-47 variants

The AK-47, along with its many variants, is the most common army machine gun (automatic rifle) in the world.

It is in service in 45 countries and participated in all military conflicts that occurred after its creation in the 1940-ies.

Although its design has not undergone significant changes, many countries have made amendments to meet their needs. This article presents both the most popular and less well-known options.

All of these models are stored in the personal collection of Stuart McDaniel, a member of the Association of Collectors weapons Kalashnikov.

1. Chinese AK-47S. Semi-automatic version, milled receiver Type 56, chambered for 7,62x39mm. This is the most accurate copy of the Russian AK-47 Type 3, ever produced in China. Production Type 56 was adjusted with the help of machinery and technical support provided by the Soviet side.

2. Chinese aks. Stamped receiver box, chambered for 7,62x39mm, side-folding butt. One of the rarest representatives of Chinese weapons in the United States.

3. Chinese Type 56. The Chinese, after breaking off relations with the USSR, released their own version with a stamped receiver. Therefore, this model was developed by reverse engineering, without the participation of technical support from the Soviet side. The distinctive features of Type 56 are a closed front sight and a triangular bayonet. From 1950-ies, 10 to 15 has been produced in millions of units of this model.

4. MPi-KMS72 from East Germany. A model with a side-folding butt, chambered for 7,62x39mm, was made at the Ernst Thaelman factory in East Germany. A model with a wire butt, a bakelite handle and an upper barrel flap, initially equipped with airborne troops and motorized infantry.

5. Egyptian ARM. The so-called Maadi, initially 80-x massively imported into the United States by Steyr-Daimler-Puch. Under the cartridge 7,62x39mm, stamped receiver, sideward folding wire butt. Very accurate copy of the Russian AKM.

6. Hungarian AKM-63. First produced in 1963, the AKM-63 is a full-size machine gun with a wooden butt and a metal forearm with a wooden front handle that helps to cope with recoil with automatic firing. Upper barrel lining no. Since only about 1100 units were imported into the USA, this is one of the rarest variants of AK in the USA.

7. Hungarian AMD-65. Chambered for 7,62x39mm, a short barrel 12,6 inches long, with the same front handle as the AKM-63. It has a side-folding wire butt in order to make it more convenient to handle in tight spaces such as armored vehicles and Tanks. The shorter sighting line and barrel make it less accurate than the AKM-63, but the ease of handling outweighs the loss in accuracy. Pay attention to the magazine for 20 rounds.

8. Iraqi carbine Tabuk. This Iraqi version of the Kalashnikov assault rifle chambered for 7,62x39mm was produced in Al-Qadisiyah. It is built on the basis of the Yugoslav M70B2, has a stamped receiver from the PKK, wooden lining, a rubber butt plate on the butt, a sight for a rifle grenade launcher, an oblique muzzle brake compensator. It can be installed grenade launcher. A large number of such models were seized by US forces during the operation to liberate Iraq and Operation Enduring Freedom.

9. Iraqi Tabuk DMR. Chambered for 7,62x39mm, semi-automatic Marxman version of the Tabuk carbine. The barrel length is 23,6 inches, and the 4xXNNXXmm rifle scope is set to hit targets at medium distances. The Russian PSO-24 scope is installed here, but also Romanian LPS Type 1s and the Yugoslavian ZRAK are also encountered. This model is often confused with a more powerful sniper rifle chambered for 2x7,62R. But in essence, this is the PKK with a telescopic sight.

10. Polish PMKM. Under the chuck 7,62x39mm, this is the most accurate copy of the Russian AKM. Stamped receiver box, laminated wooden butt, beaver tail forend, synthetic pistol grip, bevelled compensator. The photo also shows a Polish bayonet and a bottle of oil.

11. Polish PMKMS. Under the chuck 7,62x39mm, a stamped receiver with a folding butt, a beaver tail, forearm, bevelled compensator and a Polish bayonet.

12. Polish Tantal WZ88. Under the cartridge 5,45x39mm, it stands out because, in addition to the automatic and semi-automatic mode, he can shoot in bursts of three shots. He has a unique switch on the left of the receiver and a folding butt for greater mobility. A night aiming device, a special muzzle brake compensator with a mount for an under-barrel grenade launcher, was installed. There are also bakelite barrels.

13. Romanian AIM-G. In 1989, in Romania, an 700-thousandth “patriotic guard” was formed, which was equipped with PM md semi-automatic machines. 63 engraved with the letter G on the left side of the rear sight. This is the most popular version among Romanian automata, and more than 20 thousands of pieces were imported to the USA. It is made under the cartridge 7,62x39mm and has a distinctive wooden front vertical handle.

14. Romanian AIMS 74. This option is PM md. 63 chambered for 5,45X39mm also has a wooden front vertical grip and a side-folding metal stock. To reduce recoil installed muzzle brake-compensator like the AK-74.

15. Romanian PM md. 63. It was first produced in 1963, and is the first Romanian version of AK under the cartridge 7,62X39mm. It is almost identical with the Russian AKM, but differs in the chrome-plated bolt, chamber and drummer. It is also equipped with a stem barrel coupling like the AK-47 and a wooden pistol grip.

16. Romanian PM md. 65. The first model with a folding butt from Romania is identical to the original PM md. 63. Under the cartridge 7,62x39mm, stamped receiver and a vertical front handle.

17. A copy of the Russian AKM called Khyber Pass. The Khyber Pass is a region between Pakistan and Afghanistan where most of the trade routes pass. Usually these machines are made in basements of scrap materials. Made chambered for 7,62x39mm, has a side-folding butt like that of AKS-74. It was from him that the deceased Osama Bin Laden shot on many videos with his participation.

18. Option Soviet AKMS. This is a version of the Soviet AKM with a folding butt. Made chambered for 7,62x39mm, stamped receiver. It has a metal butt like a German MP-40 submachine gun, a forged chrome-plated barrel with a length of 16,1 inches, laminated wooden lining, a synthetic pistol grip and a beveled muzzle brake compensator. The machine shown in the photo was made from parts that were removed by Israel from the Palestine Liberation Army during the conflict in Lebanon in the 80s.

19. Yugoslav M70-B1. Made chambered for 7,62mm, was in service with the army of Yugoslavia. Built on a heavier receiver from the PKK thickness 1,5 mm. It has wooden lining, rubber back plate on the butt and sight for a grenade launcher. In the photo, he is shown with the anti-personnel mine M52P3.

20. Yugoslav M92. This short barrel AK chambered for 7,62x39mm was used by Yugoslav special forces. Built on a stamped receiver, has a two-position rear sight, mounted on the top cover, folding butt and expansion chamber of the muzzle brake-compensator.
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  1. 311ove
    311ove 26 November 2013 08: 58
    Mikhail Timofeevich Kalashnikov is a wonderful designer and our pride is rightfully so many copies .... Even in Afghanistan! good soldier
      DEMENTIY 26 November 2013 10: 48
      Forgot about 21 modification. In gold performance. smile
      1. Canep
        Canep 26 November 2013 14: 49
        Israeli Galil:

        Galil for the gifted (without WiFi) laughing :

        Finnish Walmet 62:

        Valmet 82:
        1. Canep
          Canep 26 November 2013 15: 03
          South African CR-21
      2. Alexander Petrovich
        Alexander Petrovich 26 November 2013 18: 18
        Romanian AIM-G
        Rare d..rmo, when heated, the barrel expands, very often wedges the machine, lighter than the original. Despite the appearance and close to the Soviet AK is not near.
        1. 755962
          755962 26 November 2013 20: 40
  2. Canep
    Canep 26 November 2013 08: 58
    The people of Soviet-made AK-47 never existed, there were AK (56-A-212 1949), AKM (6P1 1959 g) and AK-74 (6P20 1974 g), as well as their modifications.
    1. Nickanor
      Nickanor 26 November 2013 10: 05
      AK-47 is the American designation for all AK-series assault rifles, regardless of model and manufacturer. They have it at the brand level.
      1. Hleb
        Hleb 26 November 2013 10: 30
        in 1948 it was planned to master the model and manufacture a military batch of "7,62-mm Kalashnikov assault rifles of the 1947 model." (AK-47).
        The name AK-47 was one of the pre-production models, as well as a small series (1500 pieces) produced in the spring of 1948 for military tests. There was also an AK-46 which did not pass the test
  3. Strashila
    Strashila 26 November 2013 09: 03
    I liked the Yugoslav version with a grenade ... a great solution.
    1. datur
      datur 26 November 2013 10: 22
      [quote = Strashila] I liked the Yugoslav version with a grenade ... a great solution. so this solution lasts for another 1 world! we then had a NIKONOV grenade launcher, and he was in service with the Red Army !!!
      1. Chicot 1
        Chicot 1 26 November 2013 11: 25
        Quote: datur
        NIKONOV grenade launcher, he was in service with the Red Army

        Maybe still a rifle grenade launcher of the DYAKONOV system? ..
  4. bazilio
    bazilio 26 November 2013 09: 35
    The most common trunk in the world. It seems the Discovery Channel has calculated that there are much more AK victims than WWII victims. what don’t say- AK is a legend
  5. 31231
    31231 26 November 2013 09: 47
    Yes, the legendary weapon.
  6. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 26 November 2013 10: 27
    Thanks to the author for an interesting review, but ... In general, the samples are quite well-known. At least those who are more or less seriously interested in the history of small arms ...
    And it is a pity that the author in no way mentioned another version of the Kalashnikov assault rifle. And it is really little known, although it was developed in the Soviet Union. I mean AKMSU ...

    AKMSU ... There was one ...
    1. Ch0sen1
      Ch0sen1 26 November 2013 16: 51
      It’s just that it didn’t receive distribution due to very quick overheating of the trunk, and people don’t know. He himself was surprised when he saw a poster with a full range of Kalashnikovs.
  7. omsbon
    omsbon 26 November 2013 10: 37
    Reliable, great machine!
    Glory M.T. Kalashnikov!
    Only it seems to me that in vain the Soviet Union allowed the copying of the machine to potential traitors and opponents!
  8. washi
    washi 26 November 2013 11: 13
    Quote: omsbon
    Reliable, great machine!
    Glory M.T. Kalashnikov!
    Only it seems to me that in vain the Soviet Union allowed the copying of the machine to potential traitors and opponents!

    They simply did not formalize copyright and licenses. It seems at the moment with some manufacturers are suing.
    It would be possible to receive not bad money.
    1. Assistant
      Assistant 26 November 2013 20: 45
      It would be possible to receive not bad money.

      During the first 5 years (average for countries) from the date of receipt of the patent. From countries that recognize international patent law.
      But for the use of the name "AK" and its variants could be obtained as a trademark. From those manufacturers who call their products "AK". From those countries that recognize international trademark protection.
  9. Volodya Sibiryak
    Volodya Sibiryak 26 November 2013 11: 20
    Health to Mikhail Timofeevich and long life!
  10. Ascetic
    Ascetic 26 November 2013 12: 04
    The Finnish version of the AK line Valmet Rk of various modifications was considered the most successful. In turn, the Israeli Galil was designed on the basis of Valmet.

    Valmet Rk 62

    Galil ARM 5.56mm

    1. Ascetic
      Ascetic 26 November 2013 12: 19
      And of course, out of competition for fame and mass among foreign modifications of AK in my opinion Czechoslovakian CZ Sa vz.58. serial production began in 1959 and continued until 1984. In total, about 920 assault rifles were manufactured, which were adopted and delivered and smuggled into almost all countries of the world, especially where the war was going on.

      Kit vz.58P with plastic fittings

      Typical Aboriginal Afghan

      Afghan Ladies Police

      vz.58 is still used by the army of the Czech Republic, including the peacekeeping mission in Afghanistan and Iraq.

      1. Bongo
        Bongo 26 November 2013 13: 04
        The Czechoslovak machine gun cannot be considered a modification of the Kalashnikov, although it was created based on it.
        1. Ascetic
          Ascetic 26 November 2013 13: 57
          [g. quote = Bongo] The Czechoslovak machine gun cannot be considered a modification of the Kalashnikov, although it was created based on its motives. [/ quote]

          Accepted. Let's say more precisely-designed Jiri Chermak under the standard Soviet cartridge 7.62x39. In appearance they are almost identical (the technical task is the same) but they differ in design. If it’s interesting, it’s a very complete analysis with photographs of the parts and mechanisms of the design features of Samopal and AK compared to the link Comparison of VZ-58 and AK-47
          1. Bongo
            Bongo 26 November 2013 14: 01
            Unfortunately, it is impossible to follow the link.
            1. Ascetic
              Ascetic 26 November 2013 17: 24
              Quote: Bongo
              Unfortunately, it is impossible to follow the link.

              Then I give it in words
          2. Pablo_K
            Pablo_K 26 November 2013 15: 29
            although I don’t understand English very well, I don’t need to read anything, everything is visible in the pictures.
            Thanks for the link.
            Still such pictures for "specialists" who claim that the AK was copied from a German machine gun
    2. vkrav
      vkrav 26 November 2013 13: 01
      Well then, and GDRovsky Stg 940
    3. Paleontologist
      Paleontologist 28 November 2013 22: 50
      I met information that when Galil is based on FN. And he, in turn, on Valmet.
  11. Igor39
    Igor39 26 November 2013 12: 19
    There are only two miracles in the world: Russian woman and Kalashnikov assault rifle !!
    1. Ascetic
      Ascetic 26 November 2013 12: 57
      Quote: Igor39
      There are only two miracles in the world: Russian woman and Kalashnikov assault rifle !!

      Sometimes these miracles are combined.

    2. vkrav
      vkrav 26 November 2013 16: 35
      Quote: Igor39
      Russian woman and Kalashnikov assault rifle !!

      Well, Toda - two in one! laughing
  12. Pehmore
    Pehmore 26 November 2013 14: 44
    Despite the fact that he was created to destroy the enemy, how many he saved his life. A unique automatic machine. Many know that he is old, but I think he will show his own. Thanks to the Designer for life.
  13. Asgard
    Asgard 26 November 2013 15: 31
    Thanks to the Kalashnikov assault rifle, the Dermocracy suffered losses))))))
    And not spread everywhere)))

    Article +, He himself used AK clones: Chinese, Hungarian and Yugoslavian.
    I liked Yugoslav, the Chinese sound and the work of the kinematics with jamming and it seemed that the rate of fire is two times lower)))) and the Hungarian showed such a spread at a growth target from a hundred meters (although I shoot well))) True in PS-51 (Volkov) was not clamped down, although he was at the range ...
    And at the end he began to "spit" ....

    To Mikhail Timofeevich, for many years, Thank you very much from PEOPLE, his machine gun cheaply balanced American AUGs around the world AND WON WIN !!!!!!!!!
    For comments, guys also have a separate Blagodaryu (on the merits and in the case)) Always would)
    We Will Win ... People at our place match weapons, and weapons are the best when in the hands of the DEFENDER ...
    Arm yourself))))))).. come in handy ... soon ....... already ...
    1. Sosland
      Sosland 26 November 2013 15: 50
      I’m not a big weapon gourmet; I’ve only handled army models. Judging by the photo, our domestic copies are of the highest quality, or this is the call of the heart.
      1. Horst78
        Horst78 26 November 2013 16: 10
        For me, so if not ours, then either Finnish / GDR / Yugoslav.
  14. psyholirik
    psyholirik 26 November 2013 16: 04
    An excellent review, I thank the author. Mikhail Timofeevich Mental Health!
  15. Owl
    Owl 26 November 2013 16: 47
    It seems that in the USA they do not know about the AKMSU machine. I saw AKMSU in 1999, but it had a standard handguard from AKM and a compensator from AKM.
  16. Crrusader40
    Crrusader40 26 November 2013 17: 04
    German Kalash is nothing. Only the butt is uncomfortable.
    1. Horst78
      Horst78 26 November 2013 17: 23
      I agree. Most folding butt options have failed.
  17. bulanash
    bulanash 26 November 2013 17: 56

    topic video
    1. Lee
      Lee 26 November 2013 20: 22
      MONKEYS with a gun.
  18. typhoon7
    typhoon7 26 November 2013 19: 00
    Greetings to all! With great pleasure I read everything and looked! How many options! Legendary weapon! Respect to the author, thanks to the forum users! Mikhail Timofeevich low bow and good health! I am sure that in Syria, among the crumbling brick and concrete, Kalash is the most reliable friend of the Syrian soldier.
  19. Lesnik
    Lesnik 26 November 2013 19: 13
    Neighing ..... long ....
  20. Starik63
    Starik63 26 November 2013 20: 31
    "The Czechoslovak machine gun cannot be considered a modification of the Kalashnikov, although it was created based on it."
    Absolutely agree! From AK, only the principle of operation of automation, cartridge, magazine and general layout. Everything else is the original Czech development with a different principle of locking the bore.

    "balanced the American AUG"
    AUG is an Austrian.
  21. The comment was deleted.
  22. Starik63
    Starik63 26 November 2013 20: 37
    They forgot another Chinese - without a pistol grip with a carbine stock and a butt, a gas exhaust regulator, a detachable bayonet and a more capacious magazine chambered for 7,62X39
  23. Starik63
    Starik63 26 November 2013 20: 39
    "Sometimes these miracles are combined"
    And nothing good from this combination, well, no matter how it turns out! And thank God!!!!
  24. Crrusader40
    Crrusader40 26 November 2013 20: 52
    Polish Kalash bullpup scheme Kbk wz 2005 Jantar
  25. Crrusader40
    Crrusader40 26 November 2013 20: 56
    Czech CZ 2000
  26. Trevis
    Trevis 26 November 2013 21: 43
    Ukrainian Boar.
    1. Landwarrior
      Landwarrior 27 November 2013 00: 20
      This is ADF, actually.
      Boar here:
  27. Landwarrior
    Landwarrior 27 November 2013 00: 16
    Yugoslavs also make many options. CZ which.
    For example: Yugovsky "Zastava M70B1"
    1. Landwarrior
      Landwarrior 27 November 2013 09: 03
      Pancake fool Not CZ, but Tsarevna Zastava. Mixed up crying
  28. nastran123
    nastran123 27 November 2013 17: 49
    Great selection wink
  29. xomaNN
    xomaNN 29 November 2013 23: 09
    Kalashnikov = RUSSIA! This name has glorified Russia for decades!
  30. The comment was deleted.
  31. Kulneff2009
    Kulneff2009 4 December 2013 20: 46
    A brilliant designer! A brilliant and formidable weapon!