Today is a story about Tibet.
“Social consciousness is ruled by stereotypes. Often, "reflecting" the truth is exactly the opposite. So we in childhood loved to fold our hands, admiring the bizarre shadows on the wall - it turned out funny. But the reflection did not correspond to the original.
And now Tibet is the abode of holiness, a mythical place where godlike people live. So he appears in Hollywood films and the imagination of the latter-day adepts of Buddhism. And this magical Tibet in the middle of the last century was captured by evil Chinese, and established a totalitarian dictatorship, forbidding monks to pray in monasteries. And the unfortunate Tibetans are tirelessly waging a liberation struggle with the help of the compassionate West, defending the right to freedom, faith and national identity. What does the West have to do with it? Yes, he just can not safely observe the oppression of human rights! This is in general terms the dominant stereotype about Tibet. As with whose filing he appeared, it is not difficult to guess.
The legendary "ringleader" of the CIA Alain Dulles rarely got into a mess. But finding Tibet on the world map has always been a real challenge for him. The officers were ranked lower - apparently, they were better at school. Funny is not it? The CIA called this operation “ST Circus”, which means “Holy Circus”.
Since 1949, when communist China “occupied” the country of the monasteries, the Tibetans had no greater dream than the dream of independence. What else could they have wanted, if slavery had disappeared in Tibet with the arrival of the Chinese and stopped cutting their hands for the slightest offense? If the peasants stopped bending under the burden of taxes and overwork, and hospitals and schools came to their land? At the same time, neither the culture nor the lifestyle of the Tibetans was affected, contrary to popular myths. But the "holy circus" was launched and the naive Tibetans caught fire with a new dream. Without admitting that this dream is a stranger, and they themselves are only clowns in the circus arena.
Today it is not even a secret. They write books about it and make films. One of them is called “The Secret War of the CIA in Tibet”. It is written by direct participants in the events, and in the style of an adventure detective tells "how it was." American intelligence trained, armed and set Tibetan separatists on China. For this, a truly “popular” movement “Chushi Gangdrug” was created under the leadership of merchant and alcoholic Gompo Tashi. It existed "solely" on popular enthusiasm, and the CIA only "supported" the rebels. They were dragged to the base in the state of Colorado, a little later - in the mountain Nepal at the base of the Mustang, armed with rifles and mortars. Intelligence carefully kept incognito, using emigrants as pilots and delivering only weaponwhich could be obtained in the international market. Tibetans viewed American “friends” as gods with their white skin, “heavenly boats” and, of course, good intentions. In between the exhausting workouts, they saw a portrait of Dwight Eisenhower with his “heartfelt appeal” to the Tibetan people. He inspired them.
Small groups of separatists were sent across the border to wage a fratricidal war under the strict guidance of "white friends." War length of fifteen years. From the time Tibet joined China in the 1949 year, until the US administration realized failure. Old fox Kissinger then whispered in his ear to Nixon that it was better to “be friends” with China and to put the Tibetans indefinitely. It is time to change tactics and act more sophisticated under the guise of "friendship" with the main enemy. Compassionate "support" of the separatists on closer examination turned out to be one of the most important projects of the CIA. If he were successful, then, according to one of the officers, "история could be rewritten. ” And China would never be what we know it today.
But did the Americans leave China empty-handed? The CIA would not be one of the best intelligence services in the world if it were not skillfully rational use of human resources. While the Tibetans were ready to dance to his tune, it was necessary to squeeze the most out of it. In their role as separatists, they were great, but Plan “A” could still fail, which he actually did. But all these years, the Tibetans have also been working as spies. Their task was to attack the Chinese convoys and select secret documents. They were happy to serve the "white masters", and the Americans were really pleased.
One of these raids was called "raid for the blue bag." Among the Chinese officers killed on the high road was one woman, and with her - a bag stuffed with papers. Tibetans threw bloodied corpses and rushed to the owners with loot. It was the highest award — the Americans screamed for joy. After all, the bag contained 1500 documents that allegedly compromised the leadership of the CCP. But, as one of the participants of the events admitted in an interview with 2001 of the year, Tibetans still do not know what information they were talking about. The "savages" did not report this. In the course was only a narrow circle of leadership of the CIA. And of course, they could put into circulation any disreputable PDA information - and say that they got it together with a war trophy. Such "revelations" - not uncommon in the history of the CIA, and may well be combined capacious and symbolic name: "the truth of the blue bag."
Tibetans pretty tried for the good of the small homeland and to the detriment of the large homeland. Without any risk to their ammunition, they put into their hands the most welcome information - about the Chinese missile program and the development of nuclear weapons. With such a leitmotif, even separatism played a second violin. Thus, the Americans got on a silver platter all the information about the first tests of nuclear weapons by China. This took place in 1964, in Lor Nora, in northern Tibet, and Tibetan spies managed to install sensors in the most inaccessible places. A little earlier, they photographed military installations in China, made maps and selected a place for disembarking partisans. The CIA at that moment, of course, thought only of the partisans.
What happened on the second front? The freedom-loving Tibetans fought, not remembering themselves and occasionally making excuses that "they have not yet destroyed all the Chinese." Give only a deadline! One of the group of fighters Gyato Wangdu (who would later become the commander of the CIA-fed Chushi Gandrug movement), turned to officer Roger McCarthy for nuclear weapons in order to act more effectively. Strange thing, but he refused. Apparently, he did not want to break incognito. After all, the situation required, - McCarthy just headed the CIA Commission on the Tibetan issue, in which the "Holy Circus" unfolded. Later, this person will take up Laos and Vietnam - and there will also be something to laugh at.
The reins of the “Tibetan Question” passed into the hands of John Kenneth Knaus, who headed the CIA Commission until 1965. He was famous for his revelations about the events of those years, collected in the book "Orphans of the Cold War." In it, he kind of justifies the CIA, stating that the initiative to support Tibetan separatism came from "the entire US government." But in this Knaus does not see anything reprehensible. On the contrary, the Americans carried the sacred duty of “liberation” of Tibet, and this, in his opinion, softens the blame for the deaths of thousands of people. Only one phrase allows to place accents correctly: “Yes, it cost many lives,” the scout admits, “but it was a great adventure for themselves.” And you can’t argue, wherever the Americans go, everywhere there is a continuous "amusement park." Just have time to bring popcorn.
China, in turn, struggled to preserve the integrity of the country. There were thousands of victims on both sides. The 1959 uprising of the year was the bloodiest. It was at this moment that the spiritual leader of the Tibetan Dalai Lama, sensing something was wrong, threw his “sons” and fled to India in the company of two CIA agents. There he headed the “government in exile,” and the banner of the struggle for the freedom of Tibet passed into his hands. This, in fact, was the plan "B".
He remembered his dying flock only in the 1974 year, having received the appropriate command. The Nobel Peace Prize laureate could have stopped the bloodshed in one word, but he was stubbornly silent until this minute. Until recently, Tibetans refused to surrender, but there was no longer any talk of American help. It was then that they scrolled the record with the appeal of the Dalai Lama. Fearless warriors burst into tears like children and laid down their arms. True, many of them then cut their throats.
The fact that the head of the Buddhists all these years was on the content of the CIA, also did not say just lazy. According to the recent admission of the Dalai Lama administration, the annual “subsidy to Tibetan refugees” in the 60s was 1,7 million dollars. Of which 180 000 thousand dollars a year was due personally to the Dalai Lama. However, in the world there is no person more surrounded by myths and stereotypes. This is facilitated by the indestructible "halo of holiness", which does not even allow to think ill of its carrier. In this, he shares the fate of the popes, only with a touch of distant and unknown exoticism.
Meanwhile, his biography is very curious, and it is impossible not to draw parallels with the Vatican. That, as we remember, gained state independence in the 1929 year with the filing of Benito Mussolini - the leader of a sensational formation. The young Dalai Lama had in his mentors a no less curious subject - officer Waffen SS and member of the National Socialist Party Heinrich Harrer, who had taken refuge in Tibet after the war. At one time he was in the circle of the highest-ranking officers, close to Hitler. Only half a century later, after the events described, the personal archive of Harrer was found in the Federal Archives Office of Berlin. This was told by the German weekly Stern 28 in May 1997. The article was titled “Nazi-stained“ hero ”and talked about his“ exploits ”in the Fuhrer's“ assault squad ”in colors. The biography was accompanied by a photo of the “hero” in the Nazi uniform and with the black mark of the swastika on a white collar. Tibet certainly wanted to repeat the fate of the Holy See and become the “Asian Vatican.” The assistants for this were chosen the same, only the time turned out to be inappropriate. After all, if in the 1929 year, the fascists were at the zenith of glory, then at the height of the "Tibetan campaign" they had long been struck by the death knell.
It is not known how Harrer got close to the future leader of the Buddhists, but he certainly had a great influence on him. This happened in the 1946 year, after the undisputed defeat of the Nazis. Then another 11-year-old Dalai Lama enthusiastically listened to the stories of the "mentor" about the distant western countries, and after many years spoke of him with great reverence. But in the 50-ies Harrer did not sit idle. The warlike spirit was still strong in him. According to some information, he, for company with another Nazi Aufschnaiter (aren't there many Nazis in small Tibet?), Took an active part in organizing the armed struggle of the rebels.
But why all the same "hero"? When the book "Seven Years in Tibet" was released from the pen of Harrer, the name of the Nazis thundered in the West. In Hollywood, the “Tibetan boom” began, and they intended to invest 60 million dollars in the adaptation of his opus. Harrer himself in the twilight of his life was awarded the most honorary titles and rested on his laurels. The “human rights defender”, the “hero” and just a successful writer — that was the way Hitler’s former ally was styled. His book was read by more than 50 million people in forty languages of the world.
It will take many years, and the Dalai Lama himself will become a mentor. His ward - the leader of the sect Aum Senrike - he will help with money, and recommendations, and just a kind word. Recall that Shoko Asahara and his gang became famous for the terrorist attacks on the Tokyo subway in March 1995 using the poisonous substance sarin. As a result, 12 people died and more than five thousand were injured. How did the Dalai Lama respond? When all the hatred of the world was directed at this pseudo-Buddhist sect, he still considered Asahara to be his friend and favorite pupil. Killer and terrorist! What kind of Buddhism with its rejection of violence could there be? After all, Asahara, whatever one may say, was a heretic according to all Buddhist canons, and deserved not only censure, but also anathema. But the spiritual leader of the Buddhists and the Nobel Peace Prize Laureate did not care at all.
Later it became known that Asahara was in constant correspondence with the Dalai Lama for eight years before the gas attack. Not to mention the periodic meetings. And in 1989, a mutually beneficial exchange took place between them. The pupil "gave" his spiritual father 100 thousands of dollars. After that, several high-ranking officials in Tokyo received letters from the Dalai Lama. In them, Asahara appeared as a “very capable spiritual mentor,” and his sect “pushed the public toward kindness.” A special hello was sent to the tax authorities - a request to exempt Aum Shinrika from taxation. So the sect received legal status in Japan. In a letter of thanks, Asahara assured the Dalai Lama that he was ready to "provide all possible assistance in bringing Tibet back into the hands of Tibetans."
The Dalai Lama loves to be in Washington, which makes the PRC pretty nervous. Although it would seem, why? He is only talking with the president or the state secretary about the good and eternal, and in the meantime along the shores of China, American aircraft carriers are peacefully cruising. Like, for example, it was in 2010, when Nimitz never entered Hong Kong. The next day, another explosion of popular indignation happens in Tibet. And in Hollywood they make an exciting film about the Dalai Lama and the mythical country Shangri-La. Nothing personal. Simply, China, according to the United States, is the main economic and military threat to the world. No heresy. Just the Dalai Lama gets money for his work. And also - the medals of the US Congress and the Nobel Peace Prize. For peace, as well as Barack Obama.
Let's not be so naive as to believe that the “war for Tibet” is over. It will last exactly as long as there is a strong China on the world map. In these mountains is never calm. A new crisis happened at the end of 80's and was connected, oddly enough, with the Dalai Lama. The Buddhist spiritual leader has always been generous with Tibet’s independence initiatives and was not shy about loud phrases. His ideas were instantly picked up by popular rumor and embodied in concrete actions. But there was a third party event. So, in the 1987 year, the Dalai Lama was invited to speak before the US Congress Committee on Human Rights. At about the same time, peaceful monks from the monastery to the west of Lhasa decided to massively support his ideas of independence. Ended all this riots. A series of unrest swept Tibet and exploded into a loud 1989 crisis of the year. Then the main inspirers dwelt on Tiananmen. Tibet covered the shock wave, but China still did not crumble to dust.
A prolonged respite followed, and the Tibetan wound rekindled only in 2008. The rebels remembered the bloody events of the 1959 year, as well as the riots of last fall, when a clash between the monks and the security forces happened. The apple of contention then was the presentation of a medal to the US Congress to the Dalai Lama. The monks staged a holiday in this honor that threatened to grow into something more with a negative sign. Naturally, they were detained. A year later, it caused a new outburst of discontent.
The fact that Buddhist monks are far from lambs is humble, and not angels are virtues, testify to many episodes. They are completely different from the scenes of Hollywood films and the main canons of Buddhism. But heretics in this religion are not stigmatized, but, on the contrary, they support in every possible way, - as we understand from the example of the warm relations of the Dalai Lama and Shoko Asahara. Oxymoron is stronger than a “living corpse” - a monk-terrorist - denounced all strips of newspapers. And in this they no longer see any contradiction. Well, monk, well, terrorist - what's wrong with that? The world is cruel and absurd! So, in 2003, flashed news: “Executed the terrorist monk Dondul”. He committed several terrorist attacks in the north of the country, killing people. The Washington Post is indignant - how is it possible to execute a monk? It turns out as in a joke - "you either put on pants, or take off the cross". To prevent people from cognitive dissonance.
Another, also very “peaceful” fashion is self-immolation in protest. We will not recall the episode with Mohammed Bouazizi, from whom the Arab Spring began. There were many such cases in the East. Tibet - joined the universal madness. It really resembles an epidemic or universal insanity. Well, people in their right mind cannot burn themselves because of ephemeral ideas that they have a hundred lives. Burn one by one. The trend causes a lot of suspicion and deserves a separate study. But now it’s about Buddhism and the fact that such actions are fundamentally contrary to its religious precepts. According to the five basic commandments of the doctrine, it is forbidden to kill, steal, fornicate, lie and drink alcohol. Moreover, kill yourself! Tibetans fighting for religious identity forget this. The latest large-scale series of self-immolations broke out in Tibet in 2012, in protest against the new Central Committee of the Communist Party.
How do ideas contradict Buddhism arise? As in all times and in all religions - through the sect. China has banned, and, nevertheless, the mysterious Falun Gong sect is active. Hiding behind the slogan "Truthfulness-Compassion-Forbearance", she agitates, including self-immolation. The overwhelming majority of participants in such “actions” are Falun Gong adherents. The sect is involved in the organization of large-scale anti-government protests and is responsible for hundreds of murders. However, it is banned only in China. Having adherents all over the world, Falun Gong enjoys the patronage of a very specific country. And the point is not that its founder Li Hongzhi was granted political asylum in the United States, and the sect itself regularly receives huge funds for promotion. So solid that once she was able to make a hacker attack on Chinese communications satellites and broadcast an anti-government program on state TV. As far as we know, only one country is fighting on the hacker front with China today. As for American citizenship, then no one member of the sect has any problems with him, which cannot be said about ordinary Chinese.
But that's not the point. The United States has presented itself with giblets in 2002. The persecution of Falun Gong in China provoked a lively response in Congress, which immediately erupted into a resolution to support the sect. In it, he angrily “demanded” the Chinese government to stop the persecution of Falun Gong practitioners. That is, he unceremoniously interfered in the internal affairs of a sovereign state. In general, the hackneyed repertoire of the USA sounded, which, like the old Barbara, stuck their nose everywhere. But it was not curiosity. China was furious and responded with a strong protest. He already knew how to show teeth. And the Chinese representative openly stated that “US congressmen are pursuing very cunning plans, interceding for Falun Gong.”
After the experiment with Tananmen failed, preventing the destruction of China following the example of the USSR, the West realized that it was necessary to work for another audience. The Chinese, alien to Western trends, are accustomed to stewing in their own cauldron. There were no intellectuals with kitchen conversations about the “other life”, and if there were, it was like a museum rarity. Mysticism, religion and semi-religion in the face of sects became the tool that the CIA directed against the Chinese. The desire to be in the community manifested itself in the popularity of sects and mafia groups, such as the triads of Hong Kong.
Tibet and its Xinjiang “comrade-in-arms” are, for a minute, the entire western border of the PRC. If it is cut off, then China will not just shake, it will cease to exist. It will be transformed from the “main threat to the world” (read, USA) to a new zone of controlled chaos and a silent production base of predatory TNCs. Tibet has always been and remains a “bridge to India” and a lever of influence on other neighboring states. That is why the CIA never left Tibet. There was a semblance of capitulation, in fact, a change of strategy. The 80 and 90 uprisings, and the troubled September 2013 of the year, were the work of American intelligence. The time has not yet come when the participants in the events will write a book about it. They are still busy with others. But this is no secret. Because the pit bull, clinging to the victim, does not unclench the jaws until death. ”
1). "Separatists in Tibet", Konflikolog.ru,
2) “Dalai Lama and memories of the CIA”, Dmitry Kosyrev, RIA Novosti, 19.02.2010
3) “The Secret War of the CIA in Tibet”, Bedent Joe, 27.07.2012, translated by George Ratomsky specifically for the Almanac “Art of War”
4) “Tibet, the" big game "and the CIA," Richard M. Bennett
5) “The United States supports totalitarian sects. China is "extremely indignant" by the congress resolution on "Falun Gong", Xinhua, 27.07.2002
6) “Falun Gong Sect: Increasing Apostasy Political Technologies”, Alexander Vasilyevich, Igor Druz, Rusbeseda.ru
7) “And China has an Achilles heel,” Anatoly El Murid, Gazeta Vzglyad, 17.07.2013
8) “Tibetan separatists reminded of themselves. Terrorist monk Dondupa executed in China, 29.01.2003
9) “Tibetans set fire to themselves in protest against the new CPC Central Committee”, Russia Today, 17.11.2012
10) “Chinese police dispersed Tibetan protesters with shots into the crowd,” Russia Today, 10.10.2013
11) “Tibet”, Foreign Military Review, #2 2001,
12) “In the light of truth: the friendly relations between the Dalai Lama, the Nazis and the Aum Shinrikyo sect, the People's Daily, 06.01.2009