Military Review

Special Forces of Tajikistan

19
This is the most experienced and most militant special forces in Central Asia. Civil war in 1992 – 1997 became the mechanism of natural selection for the nomination of experienced or born commanders and fighters.


In 1991, the first special unit appeared in Tajikistan - the special battalion of the National Security Committee (at the very beginning - the special forces company of the National Security Committee). At the time of formation, no one especially strictly prescribed the tasks of a new special unit, since its formation was caused by practical, rather than theoretical, necessity — a civil war began in the country. Later, especially after the end of large-scale hostilities, the tasks of the special forces of the National Security Committee were clarified and developed in the governing documents: first of all, this is a forceful opposition to internal terrorism and political banditry, as well as the fight against foreign mercenaries or their terrorists who had been trained abroad. At the same time, the formation received the unofficial name "Alpha", by analogy with the Russian (Soviet) special forces unit that served as an example for the entire post-Soviet space. Only for the period 1997 – 2002. Special Forces BSS conducted combat special operations around 10. For example, during one of such actions in June 2001 in the foothill areas of Dushanbe, together with the country's Interior Ministry, the former field commander and leader of terrorists Rakhmon (“Hitler”) was destroyed, and his group, considered the last major illegal armed formation of remnants irreconcilable Tajik opposition dispersed.

The basis of the MNS special forces, both in the center and in the regions, is made up of fighters who gained real combat experience during the civil war, and also often took part in clashes on the territory of Afghanistan. The main base of the special forces is located in the capital of the republic Dushanbe, however there are also territorial branches, as well as a Special Reserve (having undergone special training or having combat experience, staff members of other BSS units who are on special account and make up a personnel reserve). This allows, if necessary, to increase several times at the expense of notification and collection, or the personnel of the acting special forces, or their number.

In addition to the Tajik Alpha, during the period of hostilities, there was a Special Regiment of the National Security Committee. The most honored and prepared unit of the Special Forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and, perhaps, of the whole of Tajikistan, is the special task unit of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, which until recently was commanded by Major General Sukhrob Kasimov (resigned in February 2007). The special unit is quartered in the Varzob gorge, where the country government residence is located. The brigade staff consists of four linear battalions (operational battalion, special purpose battalion, motorized rifle battalion and road patrol battalion), as well as a helicopter squad and formations of various purposes: a detachment of ski shooters and a detachment of mountain rangers, reconnaissance. The brigade also has mortar and artillery units and support units. In addition to the personal and heavy infantry customary for the special forces weapons are the main combat Tanks, Infantry fighting vehicles, armored personnel carriers (Soviet and Russian models), mortars and artillery. Most of the officers are graduates of Soviet and Russian military schools, about half have experience in the Tajik civil, Soviet-Afghan or Afghan civil wars.

Sukhrob Kasimov himself is a very colorful personality. It is believed that he belongs to the Dangara part of the Kulyab clan. Before the civil war, Kasimov studied at the NK Pedagogical Institute. Krupskaya (Moscow), and during the war he proved himself and advanced as a major field commander.

Like many security officials in the country, Kasymov had extrabudgetary sources of funding: in particular, he was credited with controlling the Orient Bank, the Moscow Cement Plant and a number of retail chains. Opponents of Kasymov tried to blame him for the actions of his subordinates: for example, in 2000, during the special event “Order”, more than 100 servicemen of the brigade were arrested for allegedly absence from the unit and criminal proceedings were instituted. He was accused of attempting to assassinate the mayor of Dushanbe, Ubaidulloyev, who belonged to the Parhar branch of the Kulyab clan. Kasimov was not afraid to argue even with the president, in particular in 1998, he spoke in favor of negotiating with the rebellious colonel Mahmud Khudoiberdiyev.

Khudoiberdiyev is another typical and colorful figure of Tajik special forces. Ethnic Uzbek, who served in the Soviet army to the rank of captain, became a hero during heavy fighting with the Islamists in one of the most intense periods of confrontation in 1993. His separate rapid-response team was considered a reliable stronghold of the secular regime - the elite of the armed forces. However, in 1996 a riot occurred in the brigade, its fighters headed by their commander refused to obey Rakhmonov. Blocked by government units, Khudoiberdiyev’s special forces, after long negotiations, were pacified and re-entered the Ministry of Defense. Almost immediately, the brigade was deployed to fight the troops of irreconcilable Islamists in the Vakhsh valley. But in 1997, the fighters and their commander again decided that they had been deceived, and again turned their weapons against the government. This time the special forces chose Dushanbe as their target, threatening to overthrow Rakhmonov, but on the way was blocked in Kurgan-Tyube by the army and special forces of the KNB Operational Regiment. After a long battle, the rebellious special forces were defeated, and Khudoiberdyev himself disappeared into the mountains along with a small detachment. The authorities, Colonel Khudoyberdyev was wanted, and his elite brigade was disbanded. On the basis of the remnants of the brigade and the representatives of the Uzbek community in the border areas of Tajikistan who were dissatisfied with the central power, Khudoiberdiyev formed a new detachment. In 1998, he captured for a while the large city of Khojent (according to some data, to seize a large amount of money that came to one of the drug groups), but was defeated and, to escape, crossed the border with the closest associate of Abdulojonov to Uzbekistan, where allegedly was seen in contacts with local special services.

Tajikistan also has special forces under the anti-drug agency, the Drug Control Agency (DCA). The Agency itself has only about 400 staff, but its special forces work throughout the country, including on the Afghan-Tajik border. At the same time, officers of the AKN, including special units, receive salaries in 2 – 3 times as compared with their counterparts in other security agencies. The bulk of the drug police pay is charged from funds that are earmarked by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime and the so-called “donor countries” from Europe and the USA, and a smaller part comes from the budget of Tajikistan: for long service, for title and rations. Recently, the DCA has adopted the active tactics of mobile task forces (MOG), which include an officer with the investigator, a couple of dog handlers with dogs and a group of special forces to provide power support. Each MOG moves in four cars and is equipped with everything necessary, including communication facilities, which allows MOG to operate autonomously for quite a long time. The Tajik special forces acquired their fame and formidable reputation not only due to training and professionalism, but also largely due to straightforward tactics and cruelty.

Special Forces of Tajikistan
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19 comments
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  1. Denis
    Denis 23 November 2013 08: 46
    15
    Who are they ... ... (pee-pee, like on TV)!
    On these unconventional eternal spot, when they did not come to the aid of our border post
  2. Zhaman-Urus
    Zhaman-Urus 23 November 2013 09: 01
    11
    Cool, special forces on self-sufficiency)) In my opinion, the usual gang groups are only in power. if their opponents won, everything would be in a mirror image.
  3. makarov
    makarov 23 November 2013 09: 21
    +5
    Quote: Zhaman-Urus
    Cool, special forces on self-sufficiency)) In my opinion, the usual gang groups are only in power. if their opponents won, everything would be in a mirror image.


    East is a delicate matter...
  4. Denis
    Denis 23 November 2013 09: 33
    12
    The glorious side of this so-called special forces
    There was another unpleasant moment. When it became clear that the outpost was not a simple raid, but an almost full-scale invasion of the Afghan army, the crews of an armored personnel carrier and a tank of the Tajik army refused to move on. The armored vehicles of the National Security Committee of the republic turned around and drove back. The Tajik guard also did not want to come to the rescue. And who dishonors the guards calling them these?
    Although someone is pushing us to disinfect
    The 7 airborne assault brigade of Tajikistan is the most experienced special forces of Central Asia
    And who are they after that?
    1. The comment was deleted.
  5. Volodya Sibiryak
    Volodya Sibiryak 23 November 2013 11: 29
    +4
    Quote: Denis
    The glorious side of this so-called special forces
    There was another unpleasant moment. When it became clear that the outpost was not a simple raid, but an almost full-scale invasion of the Afghan army, the crews of an armored personnel carrier and a tank of the Tajik army refused to move on. The armored vehicles of the National Security Committee of the republic turned around and drove back. The Tajik guard also did not want to come to the rescue. And who dishonors the guards calling them these?
    Although someone is pushing us to disinfect
    The 7 airborne assault brigade of Tajikistan is the most experienced special forces of Central Asia
    And who are they after that?

    Site rules prohibit answering your question - non-normative vocabulary is prohibited.
    1. Denis
      Denis 23 November 2013 13: 43
      +2
      Quote: Volodya Sibiryak
      non-normative vocabulary prohibited.
      We understand each other
      You can allegory:
      Ilya Muromets jumped, sees a stone and it is written on it: to the right, to the left, like in a fairy tale, but you’re just a catfish ... you will be indignant. He got indignant and galloped straight ahead, and there Snake Gorynych quietly drinks water from the river. With the words of who are you called it chopped off his head. And one chopped off and says: well, who are you, Ilyusha, after that?
  6. Yeraz
    Yeraz 23 November 2013 12: 04
    +4
    Well, from the Pamirites they definitely turned out to be good special forces, many times stronger and more enduring than the average statistical Tajik.
    1. Denis
      Denis 23 November 2013 13: 35
      +1
      Quote: Yeraz
      from the Pamir people, it turned out to be a good special forces,
      There, the Kulyab gang, Rakhmon, etc. are currently stepping there; they will not give weapons to the Pamiri
      1. Yeraz
        Yeraz 23 November 2013 20: 35
        +1
        Quote: Denis
        Quote: Yeraz
        from the Pamir people, it turned out to be a good special forces,
        There, the Kulyab gang, Rakhmon, etc. are currently stepping there; they will not give weapons to the Pamiri

        Yes, they won’t understand that they don’t tolerate each other. And as I noticed during the communication, it’s more connected that the Pamirs are Shiites and, moreover, Ismaili, it’s a very radical trend within Shiism itself.
        And the Pamirians have weapons, assignments for gunshot training, they were already trained unlike the others, it was simply clarified in the mountains of each house that the Kalash was hidden and the parents let the children shoot, But ash stump with 1 Kalash could not be solved, but if they there will be weapons in normal quantities, then Tajiks can’t do it, a very striking difference.
        1. Denis
          Denis 23 November 2013 23: 35
          0
          Quote: Yeraz
          if they have weapons in normal quantities
          Rakhmon, though Rakhmon, understands well here. They are not allowed under arms in any way, even in the local militia.
    2. vkrav
      vkrav 23 November 2013 22: 56
      0
      Yes, how many of those Pamiri?
      1. Denis
        Denis 23 November 2013 23: 41
        0
        Quote: vkrav
        Yes, how many of those Pamiri?
        Most likely, the figures will not even be named there, but there are many. Khorog is not a small city for the republic. Although the population density in the mountains is incomparable with the valleys, they are not found on Russian construction sites. Everyone survives there, it’s almost natural economy. Although before the benefits of civilization, they were not spoiled
  7. RUSS
    RUSS 23 November 2013 12: 15
    +4
    And the "specialist" in the photo has a water gun or what? laughing It looks like a toy, the color of the gun is somehow suspicious.
    1. Astrey
      Astrey 24 November 2013 01: 34
      +1
      Aabscheto is not a gun but an imitator. It is much easier to learn and practice. To develop purely physical skills without involving weapons skills. You will not begin to conduct hand-to-hand combat training with a knife using a sharp true-footed knife? Pin the rubber, I suppose.
  8. vlad0
    vlad0 23 November 2013 13: 53
    +4
    A very strange article. Who is the author and source ???
    For some reason, they forgot about Gafur "Sedoy", who has been in prison for life since 2004. They politely kept silent about the incomprehensible and indistinct role of these units in the hostilities in 2010 in the Garm Gorge and in 2011 in Badakhshan. But in 2010, on the turntable, almost all of the "Alpha" Tajiks died under strange circumstances ...
    1. Guun
      Guun 24 November 2013 13: 40
      0
      The circumstances are ordinary - they didn’t run into those, it’s not peasants with berdanks.
  9. vitantin
    vitantin 24 November 2013 04: 14
    0
    The main transit country for drugs, and in drug control 400 people throughout the country. There, the gender of the male population should be accepted into this department in order to monitor the other half.
    1. ramzes1776
      ramzes1776 24 November 2013 20: 57
      +1
      Quote: vitantin
      The main transit country for drugs, and 400 people in the drug control throughout the country. There, the gender of the male population should be taken to this department in order to monitor the other half.

      Yes, where else. So, all 400 of the salaries of the Afghan and local drug dealers are.
    2. Under
      Under 26 November 2013 05: 41
      -1
      Quote: vitantin
      The main transit country for drugs, and in drug control 400 people throughout the country.

      Do not tell me - the Tajik drug control is one of the best in the world! At least, his employees do not die of an overdose, as happened recently in Moscow.
  10. mountain
    mountain 24 November 2013 10: 57
    0
    Yes, it’s not fun there at them, well let them gurgle further in their soup.
    East well, very .....
  11. alone
    alone 24 November 2013 16: 30
    +1
    I remembered the 1993th year of the battle at the 12th outpost. The Tajik MNS armored convoy refused to help the border guards and turned the convoy back. It’s known to everyone. It’s not special forces, but the armed group that supports the current Rakhmon’s government. I don’t even want to discuss it.
    1. Under
      Under 26 November 2013 06: 01
      0
      Quote: lonely
      remembered the year 1993

      So you are a direct participant in the events or so "remember"? I have already given an answer from above to one of your comrades, if I am mistaken, be so kind as to provide links - do not be a shalabol.
      Quote: lonely
      the armored convoy of the MNS of Tajikistan refused to help the border guards and turned the convoy back.

      You besides lying openly, and distorted? How long did it take a joint armored group to break through to the outpost? Or was the road clear for the Tajiks, but mined for the Russians?
      Quote: lonely
      supports the current government of Rakhmon. even and do not want to discuss it.

      Here I agree with you, it’s not worth discussing Rakhmon, let's discuss Aliyev, father and son - what’s the matter with Karabakh or can you already forget about it?