Military Review

Soldiers for rent

The rather rapid expansion of the activities of private security companies (private military companies), given their participation in various world conflicts, is causing a lot of controversy today. What are they? Good luck soldiers who are looking for an easy way to make money, or are they still professionals with a strong sense of responsibility? It is quite difficult to answer these questions, because the faces of these people are impenetrable (a necessary requirement of this type of activity). In any case, it is always a highly qualified team of specialists. To date, the development of PMCs was the beginning of the formation of a new direction in the military field, including in our country.

It is no secret that private military companies go mainly to earn money, while continuing to do what they love, what you were well trained for. The backbone of all PMCs are retired military, special forces soldiers and other trained specialists. The payment of a specialist in the protection of a ship from pirates per day can vary from 500 to 700 dollars (possibly more), when a ship is in the port, payment falls 2-3 times.

According to the estimates of modern experts, if at the beginning of the 90s of the last century, 50 recruited military personnel accounted for the 1 "private trader", but today this ratio is already 10 to 1 and has a tendency to further decrease. Currently, only in Iraq and Afghanistan several hundred PMCs and security companies are involved, in which more than 265 thousands of contract servicemen work. Ponder this figure. The development of private military companies has quite reasonable prerequisites. First, private military companies have clear advantages to all - efficiency, efficiency, responsibility, high professionalism, financial advantage. Today PMCs are a kind of alternative to either the state or the crime. It is an insurance and guarantee in areas of instability, effective risk management and quick resolution of problems.

Soldiers for rent

Considering all this, Russian companies that are quite successful (by Russian standards) have appeared on the PMC market, including RSB-Group, Redut-Antiterror, Feraks, Antiterror-Orel, Tigr Top Rent. Security. These companies worked in Afghanistan and Iraq, Sri Lanka, Kurdistan, as well as other not the most peaceful spots of the globe. In order to better present what they are, let us tell you a little about the RSB-Group company.

RSB Group is a private military consulting company that provides its clients with a full range of security and armed security services outside of Russia. The company was founded by professional military officers, a reserve officer of the border agencies of the FSB of Russia, with extensive practical command and combat experience gained at the Tajik-Afghan border.

To solve problems on the territory of the Russian Federation, there is a licensed private security company (PSC) in the reserve of the RSB-Group, and a private intelligence company for information and analytical support. The company employs about 30 people who work in various areas (lawyers, operational managers, team leaders, area managers, etc.). To solve operational and special tasks outside Russia on the territory of other states, the company has a personnel reserve of about 250 people. The personnel reserve consists of reserve officers who served in special subdivisions of various types of troops and have personal operational and combat experience behind them. To solve the most complex tasks that require a rapid response from the company and actions in different parts of the world, RSB-Group actively cooperates with PMCs from New Zealand NavSec International Ltd and a number of Iraqi and British security companies.

A common service of the company is armed and unarmed escort of ships (in this case, passive protection and acoustic guns are used) in the pirate-dangerous regions of the planet - in the Atlantic and Indian oceans. Land operations - escorting convoys, VIP security, safety of production activities. When coordinated with the legitimate governments of other states - help in maintaining public order during an emergency, protecting state objects from criminals and marauders. Protection of important civilian objects - seaports, airports in areas with high terrorist activity. In addition, the company provides services for mine clearance, exploration and analysis, training, technical protection. That is, the range of services provided is quite diverse.

On this basis, it becomes obvious that modern PMCs are able to solve quite specific tasks abroad, allowing governments to avoid various uncomfortable questions. In order to understand the promise of PMCs for Russia, it is necessary to understand the objectives and the meaning of their existence as a whole. First of all, the meaning of private military companies is the presence of a “uncontrolled” society and the parliament as a whole, military force that can be used to solve specific tasks outside the country. The use of PMCs in some cases allows you to avoid inconvenient debates and lengthy procedures that would inevitably arise if a regular army were involved. In addition to this, which is of great importance, the losses of PMCs are not taken into account by the state structures in any way, which makes it possible to avoid the uncomfortable questions that always arise when losses are borne by the regular army.

In a number of countries that have weakened state institutions, such companies may well replace the armed forces, effectively protecting employer’s facilities and solving a wide range of military tasks. Quite often, private companies are involved in training local armed forces. And, for example, in Afghanistan today PMCs actually took full control of the organization of the supply of international forces in the country, which allows NATO to avoid losses during the transportation of goods. Of course, it costs a lot of money, but reducing political damage justifies cash costs.

Despite this, truly PMCs and related business still cannot take root in the Russian Federation. First of all, this is due to the lack of the necessary legislative base in Russia. In our country, this very dangerous and difficult profession is essentially equivalent to mercenarism (Article 359 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation). Also a deterrent to the development of private military companies in our country is Art. 208 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The creation of armed formations in the country is not provided for by federal laws, and the financing and management of such formations is a criminal activity.

In recent years, the legal status of PMCs in our country has been the subject of quite active discussions. In 2012, the problem was addressed by Russian President Vladimir Putin, then still in the rank of Prime Minister. In April, 2012, he noted that the activities of such companies are in the national interest of our country. At the same time, deputy Mitrofanov introduced a bill on state regulation of the activities and creation of private security companies to the State Duma, but this project was rejected; experts noted that the project was “raw”. One way or another, there is interest in the problem, but without bringing it into the legal mainstream, it is unlikely that the situation can be radically changed.

Without the relevant laws, PMC activities in Russia will continue to remain in the “gray zone”. The activities of such companies are not regulated by law, but they are officially registered and work on the territory of our country, acting as consulting companies.

The main customers of the services of private military companies in Russia are shipowners, private companies, large industrial corporations, such as Gazprom, LUKoil, Tatneft, and Inter RAO UES. Information about the use of PMCs by the Russian government agencies is not available. At the same time, it is not possible to talk about the 100% Russian origin of all the PMCs listed above, the true beneficiaries are for certain unknown. The exception is Antiterror-Orel, but this statement, as noted by the specialists of the Center for Strategic Estimates and Forecasts, is based only on available, open sources of information.

Obviously, in such a large country, as Russia is, PMCs are not able to replace the regular army, therefore, Russian politicians, when considering this issue, should clearly define goals and objectives that can be solved with the help of these companies so as not to become dependent on them. . In this regard, the experience of China can be useful for Russia, which today is quite actively using the capabilities of private security companies to conduct its own policies, primarily in Africa. In any case, with competent development of PMC laws, they can become a very important and subtle tool that would help the Russian Federation conduct its own policy in various regions of the world.

The use of PMCs by foreign states is due to the perception of war, a change in the image of its conduct, tactics, concepts and strategies of military operations. Today, the attitude of society to the losses in an armed conflict is very important, and it does not matter what the causes and objectives of this war are. For Russia, whose society reacts very painfully to the participation of its own armed forces in military conflicts, which is connected with the rather tragic experience of Afghanistan, and then of Chechnya, this is more than relevant.

To date, the controversial is the question of the economic efficiency of the use of PMCs. This question, at least, is not fully understood. At the same time, it seems logical that short-term operations are cost-effective. Savings in this case is achieved due to the fact that the country does not bear the costs of maintaining the army and training additional soldiers in peacetime. In this case, if necessary, in a relatively short time, the state will always be able to get at its disposal professional soldiers, who will be provided to them by private security officers. Accordingly, in the case of conducting long-term operations, money savings are leveled by the high cost of contracts with PMCs in comparison with regular armed forces - regardless of the principle of recruitment. Also, the question of the economic feasibility of using PMCs should be considered comprehensively: this activity is able to bring substantial benefits to the Russian budget only if conditions are created in Russia for registering such enterprises in our country, and not in foreign offshore zones, as is happening today.

In any case, the main arguments in favor of adopting a law on state regulation of the activities of private military companies are the possibility of extracting economic benefits from this (taxes, as well as protecting the interests of Russian business abroad), getting into their hands a new tool to solve quite specific tasks. In addition, in our country PMCs could perform an important social function - the employment of former military personnel.

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  1. rauffg
    rauffg 21 November 2013 09: 04
    I was offered something similar when it came to demobilization. In 2001. Like come to us in the chop. They offered salaries of up to 50000 at first, housing and food, but only after completing additional combat and reconnaissance training on the basis of one of the units of the Airborne Forces and certification for the position. It was supposed to work on the territory of the Russian Federation and abroad. With different work schedules. After a certain period of work, with good results, it was possible to move to another level of activity with a salary of $ 5000 or more. He told (hired recruited) about this a solid retired colonel. I decided then, I’ll go, but only after I go home. But then it did not grow together, and my mother did not let it go.)))
  2. vladsolo56
    vladsolo56 21 November 2013 09: 09
    When a man with a gun in his hands serves only for money, without moral restrictions, what good is this? Let them claim that they want, I won’t believe that with appropriate payment, the mercenaries will not shoot just at whom they order. So in my opinion there is nothing good about it. The army and special forces should only be under the leadership of the state, as well as responsibility too
      DEMENTIY 21 November 2013 11: 15

      When a man with a gun in his hands serves only for money, without moral restrictions, what good is this?

      I agree. My +. In the middle of the 2000x, when I started another itch, my supervisor very sensibly explained what it was PMC itself. There says people serve two purposes:
      1. To survive.
      2. Cut the dough.
      But you are not saying a huckster, but a servant and an idealist in addition - you won’t get money and you are unlikely to return alive. And perhaps true - I thought. what
    2. chunga-changa
      chunga-changa 21 November 2013 12: 06
      We have capitalism outside the window for almost 30 years, what are you talking about.
      The moral constraints are now - whoever has the most money is better, do not be a loser. Everything else in the old movie and books remains. Only a family brings it even more or less, if you're lucky.
      1. DEMENTIY
        DEMENTIY 21 November 2013 22: 51
        Well, take a moment. And remember - losers who do not consider money the main thing in life will disappear, you will immediately have problems with self-identification, because The concept of lucky exists while there is the concept of loser.
    3. 2vladim2
      2vladim2 21 November 2013 15: 27
      Well, come up with! Previously, I thought the army was sacred. There is such a profession - to protect the homeland. Do you remember? Is free . And under the leadership of the state. How could I then assume that this would be fundamentally wrong. It's a shame for the power!
  3. EvilLion
    EvilLion 21 November 2013 09: 25
    It is possible to distinguish security offices with tasks to protect some ships from pirates to protect, in the conditions of military operations for a soldier of a regular army there can be only 3 people like:
    1) Enemy soldiers, the treatment of which is established.
    2) Civil.
    3) Anyone with a weapon who does not fall under the clause 1, i.e. a gangster. Subject to arrest, or simply liquidation.

    The use of PMCs for their own purposes, well, if you can hire someone far away for action, without sending a Russian soldier, then for God's sake, they will kill, not our problems. It's like spies, our heroes, alien scum. On the territory of the Russian Federation, no other armed formations, except those defined by law (police, army) have nothing to do.
    1. creak
      creak 21 November 2013 11: 52
      They are already protecting shipping from pirates in the Gulf of Aden, the Indian Ocean, guarding our specialists who worked at facilities in Iraq, performed a number of other functions abroad, where government agencies do not want to shine ... And do not decide for professionals where to work and what to do, since their skills were not needed by the country ... Is it really better if they go to crime, as sometimes happens ... It’s just necessary to remove PMCs from the shadows and put their activities on a normal legislative base. Employees of PMCs and the state will benefit from this ... Let us at the same time disperse the private security companies, as there are already up to a million people employed, as in the Armed Forces.
      1. EvilLion
        EvilLion 21 November 2013 16: 04
        In Russia, there is chop. All over the world, probably there. But this does not solve the legal problems of their participation in hostilities; Russia cannot be in a state of war with some Black water. After all, you can always hire a gang of good people, sabotage on our territory, for example, they will catch someone, and he is like a private trader and, as it were, not during business. Where further to unwind business, whom to force the world?
        1. saygon66
          saygon66 21 November 2013 22: 47
          - Those who are caught "hot" are tried and imprisoned according to local laws ... like, for example, British and American mercenaries in Angola ...
      2. Llirik
        Llirik 21 November 2013 16: 31
        It is definitely necessary to derive them from the shadows. Regulation is necessary. PMCs already exist in our country, but are not controlled by anyone except the founders, and therefore they need to be legalized in order to exercise control. In addition, PMCs can be used as legal cover for some special services departments, a de facto office under the state, and de jure - private. This form is very useful for some delicate operations.
  4. makarov
    makarov 21 November 2013 10: 39
    Rev. author.
    Please Kind PEOPLE contact details inform. I guess immediately villages from the youth will be empty ........
    1. badger1974
      badger1974 21 November 2013 16: 09
      that's for sure, but I dare to assure you, now the village is not the same as before, whether they take the question or in old age. or in intellectual malaise, a young person doesn’t tear from the village, if you are close to the district center
    2. biglow
      biglow 21 November 2013 16: 46
      Quote: makarov
      Rev. author.
      Please Kind PEOPLE contact details inform. I guess immediately villages from the youth will be empty ........

      villages in Ukraine and so long empty, everyone in the cities to earn money ....
  5. aszzz888
    aszzz888 21 November 2013 10: 54
    Today PMCs are a kind of alternative to either the state or crime. This insurance and guarantee in areas of instability, effective risk management and quick resolution of problems.

    Only a state monopoly approach to this issue, and not any PMCs. Ultimately, all this will result in a weakly or completely uncontrolled process, with all the ensuing consequences. Deny unequivocally.
    1. EvilLion
      EvilLion 21 November 2013 16: 06
      And so is prohibited by the Criminal Code. There is an article of mercenary.
      But in general, can the US make an entire private army? Be hurt, because the state will no longer be responsible for its commercial activities.
  6. Gorinich
    Gorinich 21 November 2013 10: 58
    Private armies are badly needed! Soon the "unknown fathers" will become less concealed and they are the ones who need an army that does not belong to any state and works only for money. So, today PMCs will develop very rapidly, we will expect them to use not only aviation and armored vehicles (which is now), but also the fleet and satellites.
  7. ed65b
    ed65b 21 November 2013 12: 05
    What for PMCs in Russia. We already were in 90, called organized crime groups.
  8. Shumer
    Shumer 21 November 2013 12: 16
    There were mercenaries, there are mercenaries, and they will always be, whatever you do.
  9. MrFYGY
    MrFYGY 21 November 2013 12: 42
    There will always be people willing to kill for money.
  10. saygon66
    saygon66 21 November 2013 13: 37
    - By the way, on the night of 19 to 20, there was a program with the same name ... It's amazing that the guys were given a word!
  11. Nord007hold
    Nord007hold 21 November 2013 17: 20
    These are future chain dogs of transcontinental corporations in the war for world domination.
    He is a mercenary and a mercenary in the tundra, flooding about "professionalism" and "high moral qualities" are simply ridiculous - what they order, they will do it, their god is loot.
    1. Massik
      Massik 21 November 2013 20: 23
      The entire Russian army will soon become like that, they also receive 1000 foreigners, and for a business trip 6-7 oblique, well, or 200000-250000 rubles for anyone. It used to be that at a meager salary, only real military men served, those who had an army in their blood. Now return the old salary and half of the "contractors" will leave, because they did not come to serve, but to earn money. Well, I have combat experience, the contract ended, I tried to get a job much simpler, the Motherland, as it said, "Get out of syudov, we'll call the war, but in peacetime we don't need such people"
  12. tchoni
    tchoni 21 November 2013 17: 28
    Ladies and Gentlemen. Learn the story !!!! YOUR mother. As soon as the state begins to rely on mercenaries in protecting its own interests, it comes to an end. (Examples include mass. Byzantium, Rome, etc.) the widespread use of mercenaries can mean only one thing - the interests of the state do not coincide with the interests of citizens. To hell with citizens such a state? Why the hell are such citizens with the state? they are tired of each other, and as a result - a divorce and a bunk in half.

    Therefore, there are CHOPY - thank God. It is no longer necessary, because here, as with the strength of alcohol - up to 40 is normal and in some cases it is necessary, after which it is already too much.
    1. Mahamont
      Mahamont 21 November 2013 22: 07
      By the way, - the history of a foreign legion dates back over two hundred years. And seventy years ago, not only lovers of the romance of small arms and exhausting trainings were recruited there. And France is still alive.
  13. MAG
    MAG 21 November 2013 17: 41
  14. waisson
    waisson 21 November 2013 19: 30
    who studied what soldier
  15. saygon66
    saygon66 21 November 2013 20: 40
    - And let's "be afraid together" ... as the characters of the famous cartoon ... It won't be tomorrow that hordes of Russian "Mersenarii" will rush abroad ...
    - To begin with, the requirements for recruits are very high ... go to the site of any PMC. It requires drones operators, electronics engineers, aircraft and pilots, sappers, ... shooters are cheaper to recruit locally. Knowledge of the language of the location (do you know many retirees who have knowledge of Arabic, English, French?) 5 years in the army or 6 in police special forces, experience in participating in hostilities ... Strict health requirements. The company undertakes to carry out certain work, which cannot be done by typing in the villages of drunk degenerates! Otherwise, you get tired of paying forfeits ... In the latter case, in Syria it was about 4 million of our money (no?), What are these fines now? And yet, they are mercenaries for those against whom they are fighting, for us they are citizens of our country, compatriots doing dangerous work (voluntarily, mind you ...) in places where no one will send their children. Fears that tomorrow these same people for someone’s money will fight with their people are groundless. How many renegade participated in local conflicts of recent times on the side of the enemy? Certainly not thousands ... otherwise no one would have made a sensation from their discovery ... Those who are now working in PMCs are our colleagues and you have not done harm to us or to the interests of the Motherland by their actions - do not give a damn to these people in the back ... If after the transfer to the reserve someone found himself in the sale of bras of large sizes - Christ to meet ... these people chose another job!
  16. leonardo_1971
    leonardo_1971 21 November 2013 22: 57
    a special forces officer, a sniper. The state invested a lot of money. I burned one round of ammunition per week. There was a good salary, etc. Here I’m retired. And the state doesn’t need me. Get permission from the guard and work in the private security company. my friends in the mountains made money in the mountains. I don’t envy. I liked my work. But I gave the State 20 years and if possible I would like to work for it. I think I can protect important objects. But not a private trader! In the Civil Service!
  17. uzer 13
    uzer 13 22 November 2013 00: 21
    It seems that these militarized security structures are just a screen that international criminal groups are hiding. They also provide patronage and help to the same pirates, and thus provide demand for their services, while also receiving their share from the pirate business. that these gangs still exist. Why no measures are taken? If the pirates appeared in the seas, then it is necessary to amend the law and allow ships to have weapons for defense, that is, to adequately respond to changing conditions of navigation.
  18. zasxdcfvv
    zasxdcfvv 22 November 2013 00: 25
    all the rot comes from the west, and we go there. All these revolutions in Libya made PMCs. Basayev is also a member of PMCs, American or Qatari. There is international law, and in this case a private person paid for the services and bribes smooth.
  19. family tree
    family tree 22 November 2013 00: 55
    Mercenary (“Soldier of fortune”) - a person who engages in an armed conflict not from ideological, national, political considerations (and does not belong to any ideological group interested in the outcome of the conflict) and not in accordance with military duty, but for the sake of Benefits.

    Suitable for PMCs? That's why they were invented, but in fact, they simply changed the signboard, because mercenarism, in this sense, in the whole normal world, is condemned, and so, in the territory where this sharashka is registered, no one will persecute them for mercenarism, and in other parts, it seems like everything is according to the law, because the company, with an address, telephone and soap. At the expense of private security companies, their task is not to attack, but to protect. At the expense of Foreign Legion, this company is not at all private.
    At this pace, you wake up one day, in the territory of a private state, with a private army, a private police and a private government. what What for?
  20. specKFOR
    specKFOR 23 November 2013 00: 13
    Who knows, are there any connections to European PMCs or amerovskie or "local" ones in Ukraine? What are the requirements?
    1. smile
      smile 23 November 2013 00: 26
      They won’t answer you here ... for various reasons ... you shouldn’t be so interested here, there are two reasons: you can be picked up either by one or other special services .... lightly .... or they will consider you yourself ... that .. .overly suspicious:)))) ... and in general, declare that you want to break the law and ask for help ... somehow boldly ... or unprofessionally ... sorry, it's just silly for a specialist if you Do you want to appear as such .... therefore, in full growth, the question arises, are you provoking those who will respond to your question? .... :))) Who are you, Dr. Sorge? Forgive me for possibly unjustified insult ... :))))
      1. saygon66
        saygon66 25 November 2013 21: 20
        - No crime! All these companies have official sites with all the proper details ... Google is enough. All vacancies are indicated. The question is how things will turn out after signing the contract ...
  21. carabiner sks
    carabiner sks 31 May 2014 22: 16
    In order to conduct covert operations abroad, there are GRU units. In fact, when employees fail, the state refuses them. Why then need PMCs? Excess hemorrhoids for the state.
  22. mac789
    mac789 21 June 2017 00: 37
    A friend went. Even the order was some kind of native ride ... I went for a long time in the apparatus of Elizarov ... The third year I can’t work. The money is over.
  23. mac789
    mac789 21 June 2017 00: 57
    Yes, and by the way; when the next PMV PM will happen in Russia will become the nuclei of the squads of future local feudal lords. And these squads will not be a couple of the Russian Guard. And kypage in Russia happens regularly. Not a single century has happened before it happened. Now imagine: there is a big boom in the country, local princes start to tear it, there is such a PMC in the region. And who will be the power there? Local slugs, such as some sort of corrupt Kravchuk, or Landsberges Brazauskas there, or at worst Merkushkin with merkushaty ...