V. Putin noted that Russia will continue cooperation with its partners, including within the framework of existing international organizations. For example, in the future, joint exercises and verification of the combat readiness of the troops of the CIS, CSTO and SCO member countries will continue. This year, the Russian and Belarusian armed forces conducted joint exercises "West-2013", during which they worked out the interaction of the troops of the two countries. In the future, such events will continue. In addition to conducting the exercises, the partner countries intend in the near future to create several common systems designed for joint security provision.
The President recalled that active work is underway in the direction of strengthening the unified air defense system of Russia and Belarus. According to recent reports, over the next few months, the Belarusian military will receive four Russian anti-aircraft missile systems C-300 from their Russian colleagues. In addition, within the framework of the unified air defense system of the two countries, some other steps are planned. Thus, in the foreseeable future, a fighter regiment of the Russian Air Force will start combat duty at the Belarusian air base in the city of Lida. The first aircraft of this compound must fly to a new duty station before the end of this year.
In his speech, the president once again reminded that Russia is not going to stop creating joint air defense with Belarus and plans to build similar systems with other partner countries. New regional air defense systems will appear on the southern borders of the country: it is expected to sign the relevant treaties with Armenia and Kazakhstan. The result of these and the following agreements should be a unified air defense system that protects the entire territory of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
Cooperation in the protection of airspace will have several positive consequences. First of all, it is the direct protection against possible threats. Also, such cooperation will have a beneficial effect on the defense potential of all countries participating in the project. Finally, the creation of a unified air defense system will be able to strengthen stability in the whole Eurasian region. Undoubtedly, the creation of a common air defense, divided into several regional sectors, will significantly improve the defense capability of all CIS countries.
According to available data, the program to create a single air defense of the CIS implies the organization of several regional formations in which the armed forces of the respective countries will participate. Thus, the work of the Russian-Belarusian air defense sector should be commanded by commanders from Russia and Belarus. Similar structures will be created in accordance with subsequent agreements with Armenia, Kazakhstan and other CIS countries. At the moment, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan are considered as new members of the unified air defense system, but negotiations with them, the purpose of which is to discuss the specific conditions of cooperation, have not yet begun.
The construction of regional air defense zones will be followed by the creation of a common control system. It will allow the introduction of Western, Caucasian and Central Asian regional air defense systems into a single information management structure with corresponding consequences for their combat capability. The deadlines for completing the construction of the air defense of the Commonwealth of Independent States have not yet been announced, since a number of important agreements have not yet been signed.
As well as the timing of the program, the features of cooperation with Armenia and Kazakhstan remain unknown. In accordance with the Russian-Belarusian agreements, Belarus should receive several anti-aircraft complexes and provide a base for Russian fighters. It is possible that similar measures will be taken within the framework of cooperation of Russia with other partner countries, however at the moment there is no such information.
The beginning of the construction of a unified air defense system of the Commonwealth of Independent States can be considered the signing of an agreement between Russia and Belarus, in accordance with which the two countries are currently working. At the same time, the Russian-Belarusian air defense system at the moment remains in fact the only direction in which work is underway to build a unified system designed to protect the airspace of the CIS.