One evening a phone call sounded in my Moscow apartment. Called from the film studio "Mosfilm". “This is director Tamara Lisitsian,” said an unfamiliar female voice. “Could we meet with you?” “Of course,” I said, a little confused. “And on what question?” “You wrote a book about the M-box M-2 scandal in Italy. Could you make a script for us? I want to make a feature film on this topic ... ”
... Shortly before that, I returned from a long trip to Italy, where I worked as a TASS correspondent. Then, in the spring of 1981, an unprecedented scandal erupted in the Apennines. The subversive activities of the Masonic Lodge P-2, which was preparing the right-wing coup, were exposed. The ministers, bankers, generals, heads of special services, parliamentarians, prominent industrialists and many others from among the powers that be were arrested. It turned out that their people were among the largest publishers, prosecutors, directors of television and radio programs, and journalists. “Who rules us: the government or the secret Masonic lodge?” The Italians asked indignantly.
What hid Licho Jelly
It all began with a routine search, which was conducted by the police in the provincial town of Arezzo in the villa "Wanda", owned by a certain Lico Jelly, a garment manufacturer. There were discovered lists of boxes "P-2". Found them, by the way, quite by accident. The police were looking for a completely different thing: documents that could shed light on the scandal associated with Jelly's friend, a burned-out banker Michele Sindona, involved in major financial scams. Sindona at that time was already in an American prison, but the threads of his machinations stretched to Italy. They suspected that he had hidden important papers on illegal export of currency in this villa.
Lists of some lodges, and even some unknown to then unknown masons, perhaps, would not have aroused suspicion - how many eccentrics in the world! - if it had not occurred to the investigators to look at them more closely. And then they discovered that they were not at all careless eccentrics, lovers of mystical cults, rituals and ancient manuscripts, but people who were much more serious.
This immediately aroused suspicions, because according to the Italian Constitution, secret organizations in the country are prohibited and state officials, and, especially, members of the government, high-ranking officers of the army, police and special services could not be their members.
In addition, in an armored safe, Jelly — who, as it turned out, was in fact the head (“honorary master”) of the П-2 lodge — also found government documents classified as “Secret”, confidential dossiers on prominent politicians drawn up by Italian special services , and many other papers. Those who could not go beyond the limits of state institutions and, especially, were kept by some garment manufacturer.
The documents were handed over to Prime Minister Arnaldo Forlani, and he was dismayed. Not only were the three ministers of his government included in the box, the lists included the names of the leaders of all three Italian secret services at once: General Santovito (SISMI is the office of the Ministry of Defense), Grassini (SISDE is the office of the Ministry of the Interior) and Pelosi (CHESIS is the coordinating secret services committee).
The “bomb” of the scandal exploded on 21 in May when the office of the Council of Ministers of Italy published the list with the names of 962 members of the P-2 lodge found in the villa - it turned out that there were many more. Among the others were the names of Franco Foschi, the Minister of Labor, Enrico Monca, Minister of Foreign Trade, Pietro Longo, Political Secretary of the Social Democratic Party, Pasquale Bandier, Deputy Minister of Defense, Guido Carli, President of the Italian Industrialists Association Confindustry. Especially a lot was in the military box, among which was, for example, Admiral Torrizi, Chief of the General Staff of the Ministry of Defense, Admiral Birindelli, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of NATO naval forces in Southern Europe. The names of the head of the largest private financial institution in Italy, Banco Ambrosiano, Roberto Calvi, who is closely associated with Sindona and Gelli, appeared in the box lists. Under the blows of scandal, the Italian government resigned, and a parliamentary investigation began. And here we are talking about the long-forgotten masons ...
"Lux" in "Excelsior"
But, above all, they began to find out where the “great master” himself came from. In Arezzo he had a luxurious villa, and in Rome, Jelly usually lived in a deluxe room at the luxury hotel Excelsior on Via Veneto, the same one where the events of the film Federico Fellini's Sweet Life were unfolding. But he began a career officer in the army of Mussolini. He fought on the side of the Franco in Spain, then served as commander of the saboteurs company during the Finnish campaign against the USSR. During the puppet republic of Salo, created by the fascists in the north of Italy, after Otto Skorzeny’s thugs were released by Mussolini, he served as a liaison officer with the Nazis. It became known that Jelly himself led the massacres and tortured prisoners. After the war he ended up in Argentina, and then returned to Italy under the guise of an entrepreneur.
The story about the sources of the fabulous riches of the “honorable master” looks mysterious. Some associated him with the mysterious history the disappearance of gold stolen by the Ustashes of the Croatian dictator Pavelic, and then stolen by agents of the Italian military intelligence. It was suspected that part of this gold was taken to Argentina, and it fell into the hands of Jelly. Before the arrest, the leader of the П-2 owned enterprises and mansions not only in Italy, but also in Mexico, Paraguay, Brazil. And all his fortune was estimated at a fantastic amount - 100 billion lire.
Having appeared then at the head of the box “П-2”, Jelly did not disdain with the help of the strangest personalities. So, in her lists was listed the brilliant imitator Alighiere Noskese. "A Man with a Thousand Persons," as the press dubbed him, created brilliant cartoons for Richard Nixon, Golda Meir and other political figures.
It was suggested that Jelly used Noskese's phenomenal ability to imitate votes in order to arrange frauds, falsify banking orders.
But to interrogate him about this failed. The simulator suddenly committed suicide.
"People of the case"
The Masonic lodges themselves, as evidenced by the encyclopedia, originated in Europe in the XVII century during the construction of large churches and cathedrals. They were built for a very long time, for decades, and during that time a peculiar community of masons, “mason” in English, developed around the construction. The shed where the tools were kept was called the “lodge”, and hence the “lodge” - the place where the bricklayers gathered. It is no coincidence that the symbols of masons are the attributes of the construction craft: a white apron, trowel, compasses and a square. The members of the artel were united by common professional skills and secrets inaccessible to the uninitiated.
Gradually, they began to develop a special ritual of meetings, to form their own philosophy and worldview. Freemasons are not a religious organization, but a secular organization, but they honor the Great Architect of the Universe. The masons, according to them, saw their goal in transforming human society on the basis of the principles of good, reason and justice. Many progressive people later turned out to be members of the Masonic lodges. Freemasons were Newton, Goethe, Beaumarchais, Mozart. The slogan of the Great French Revolution “Freedom, equality, fraternity” was borrowed from the masons. Close to the Masons were many Decembrists. The founder of the first freestyle printing house Novikov was also a member of the Masonic Lodge.
Gradually, the educational stream in Freemasonry dried up, it quickly began to acquire a gloomy mystical character. As noted by the prominent Freemasonry researcher L. Zamoysky, the oligarchy, powerful in the world, the exciting monetary oligarchy, the powerful clans of bankers, the bourgeoisie increasingly strengthening its position, sought out such belief systems that sanctified entrepreneurship, considered “people of business” the salt of the earth, the leading force. She needed a secret but effective force for transforming the world in the interests of the new class, conquering the colonies, appropriating wealth. And for this purpose, the Masonic lodges could not be better suited - secret and well-organized groups, but outwardly looking harmless societies of lovers of ancient rites and mystical philosophy.
Actively used the Masonic attributes, rituals and emblems of the Nazis, who dreamed of conquering the world.
Suffice it to recall that the swastika — the secret symbol of thunder and lightning — was borrowed by the German fascists from the Masonic arsenal, and the Nazi salute in the form of a right hand extended at shoulder level is the Masonic mystical “sign of air.”
Hitler used the ideas of the theorist of the German Freemasonry Karl Haushofer to write Mein Kampf.
Learning to eat spaghetti
A special theme is the masons in Russia. Only many years after the February 1917 revolution, it became known that almost all members of the Provisional Government of Kerensky, and indeed he himself, were members of Masonic lodges. It was they who, strictly fulfilling obligations to the Allies of the Entente - the French "brothers" in the Masonic lodges - insisted on continuing the war with Germany, which was one of the reasons that destroyed imperial Russia.
In Soviet times, Masonic organizations were strictly prohibited, they were not written about or spoken about. Therefore, when a scandal broke out in Italy, it turned out that my little book “Behind the Masons Screen”, written immediately after returning from Rome, turned out to be almost the only modern publication on this topic. I admit, publishing it was not easy. As, however, and any "sharp" book at the time. She not only had to go through the usual censorship of Glavlit, but also of some other organizations. Well, when they began to prepare the film, all this was also done under the watchful supervision of competent comrades.
Although, I must say, there were no obstacles. And in the Central Committee of the CPSU, where books of this kind were affirmed in the required order, and in the KGB, the idea of publication and a film on this topic was supported. Although the action took place in the tape, of course, not in Italy, but in some conditional country. Filming "abroad" was carried out in Romania, in Italy in those years only Eldar Ryazanov could go to take pictures.
It was not easy to create a "foreign" entourage, even for the filming of pavilion scenes in Moscow. It came to the point that I had to bring from home some of the attributes of life brought with me “over the hill”. Italian desk lamp, engravings with views of Rome, empty cans from under the already drunk "Coca-Cola" ... Journalists from the editorial office of foreign information TASS, dressed in fashionable jackets, which at that time in Moscow could not get for no money. And when shooting the scene in the “Italian trattoria” I had to train actors Ivara Kalnins and Semyon Farad how to eat spaghetti.
The premiere of the film, which was named “The Secret of the Villa“ Greta ”, was held in TASS, many curious people from all over Moscow came to it.
Was on her and then young Alexander Prokhanov. I remember that after the premiere, he came up to me and, smiling, said: “The Orthodox people will thank you for that!”
I admit, I did not quite understand him then. It was not customary to talk about the "Orthodox people" in those days in the USSR, and even more so in TASS. Only later, when archives began to open, books forbidden earlier in the USSR, it became clear that masons played their role not only in Italy, but also in many other countries, including Russia. The fact that the Masonic organizations are not at all innocuous unions of "lovers of olden time", I had to make sure during my next business trip to Greece.
House on Acarnon Street
One evening, I walked along the central avenue of Athens, Panepestimiu, absently looking at the shop windows. Attention was involuntarily attracted by piles of gold jewelry behind the glass of jewelry shops, screaming about a life accessible only to a few, full of luxury and pleasure. I stopped near one of these windows: a large collection of men's rings was neatly laid out on the pads of scarlet velvet. However, not ordinary massive rings of blown gold with seals, which willingly wears on the fat little finger of an unexpectedly wealthy building contractor or a successful medium-sized merchant. On the rings decorated with shimmering sapphires, rubies and emeralds, mysterious signs were skillfully carved: compasses with a square, a trowel, a human eye in a triangle, a skull and crossed bones ...
“Yes, these are Masonic emblems!” I thought.
Until now, I did not suspect that there are masons in Orthodox Hellas, but the storefront clearly indicated their presence in Athens - the calculating owner of the jewelry shop would not spread goods that were not in demand on the showcase. However, what to guess? I resolutely pushed the shop door.
- Oriste! (Please!), - the shopkeeper moved towards me with a kind smile.
- It seems to me that you have masonic rings here? - I began hesitantly, pointing toward the shop window.
- ABOUT! - the shopkeeper grinned encouragingly. - Great product for every taste!
“So he is in demand with you?” - I continued to ask the talkative shopkeeper. - In Athens, there are Masonic lodges?
“Of course,” the merchant confirmed, “and quite a lot.” They consist of solid and decent people. Very solid and very worthy.
- What are they doing in these boxes? They say masons are a secret organization ...
“The secret — I don't know,” he shook his head evasively. - However, you can ask them about it yourself ...
- Himself? And where can I do this?
“Don't go far,” he said eagerly. - Acarnon Street, 19. There is located the central Masonic lodge of Athens.
Akharnon Avenue was nearby, and I went there on foot. The building under the number 19 I saw from afar. It was evening, lights were burning everywhere in the windows, and the headquarters of the Greek masons were plunged into darkness.
“What of it,” I thought at first, “it is already late and probably there is no one in the building.”
I walked around the house, and some details surprised me. Firstly, there was no sign on the massive mansion of five floors of an obviously administrative type, not even a small sign at the entrance. Only a small compass and a square are reinforced above one of the doors.
Secondly, they struck two huge front doors, covered with gold leaf. They flickered dimly in the dark, like the gates of a temple. However, the Masonic Lodge for its members - this is the temple. But most importantly, after looking closely, it seemed to me that there were no windows in this house at all, but only external glass-imitations, tightly embedded with bricks from inside.
And in this house-fortress good-natured dreamers gather to speculate about the philosophy and good of humanity? This was hard to believe.
Who are the Greek masons? What do they do? And why are they going behind the thick walls of their Athenian citadel? I heard the answers to these questions from the famous Greek journalist Kostas Tsaruhasa, the author of the book "Freemasonry in Greece."
“Greek masons,” he told me, “this is a very strong behind-the-scenes political organization.” Strong because it relies on banks, major industrialists, in a word, on those who are the true owners in any country. In Greece, the Masonic lodges appeared in the 1749 year, and very soon thousands of members began to count. Currently there are lodges in many cities in Greece. Only in the capital there are several dozen. The largest is the “Great East” lodge. In addition, there are "Acropolis", "Orpheus", "Pythagoras", "Sisters", "Prometheus".
An important stage in the history of Freemasonry in Greece was the end of the Second World War, when the Americans established strong contacts with the Greek "freemasons". In 1945, Caldwell, Vice-Consul of the USA in Athens, personally dealt with this, having established close ties with the Great East Lodge. Then for the needs of the Greek masons from the ocean begin to receive money. In August, 1945, US President Harry Truman, himself a member of the Masonic Lodge, established a special committee in Washington to address the needs of Greek masons.
Soon Truman granted to Athens in person. One of his tasks, according to Tsaruhas, was to see with his own eyes how well the masons were able to penetrate key posts in the state mechanism, where they could control the economic, political and social life of the country. He personally met with prominent masons and left, as they say, pleased with the results achieved. Accidentally or not, some time later a bronze monument to Truman was installed in the center of Athens. The American president is depicted with tightly clenched fists and a haughty protruding chin. One day the leftists blew up the monument, but then it was quickly restored.
Overseas masons and high-ranking "brothers" from among the leaders of NATO have never left their attention to Greece.
In 1969, NATO General Lemnitzer visited the Masonic lodges in Hellas. This was openly reported by the Masonic magazine "The Bulletin of the Masons" in January-April 1969, while calling Lemnitzer "an orthodox bricklayer".
The Greek "masons" maintained close ties with the head of the box "П-2" Licho Jelly.
It was clear from the book of Tsaruhasa that members of the masonic lodges in Greece were many influential political figures, members of parliament, bankers, big businessmen, army officers, members of the judiciary, and other powerful people. The book has an application with a list of 3500 eminent masons. The publication of such a list in Italy caused a stormy scandal, but in Greece, after the release of the exposing book Tsaruhasa, nothing like this happened.
- Why? - asks Tsaruhas, and he himself answers. - For a very simple reason, the fact is that the Greek masonic lodges are much stronger and more influential than the Italian ones. They are very well able to "put out" any scandal even before it starts to flare up. Having “your people” at all levels is not so difficult to do. If, nevertheless, some sort of exposing information about masons gets into the press, then they simply try to ignore it. The masons have mastered the skill of disavowing, turning the known facts upside down perfectly.
Although, how did this not happen ?! In 1969, power in Greece was seized as a result of a military coup by the regime of “black colonels”. And the head of the junta Papadopoulos and his assistant general Pattakos, according to K. Tsaruhas, were Freemasons, and acted with the support of their "brothers" from the CIA. However, the coup managed to hold on to power only until 1974. After they tanks students of the Polytechnic University were brutally suppressed in Athens, the indignation in the country was so great that the dictatorial regime fell.
When at the beginning of the 1980-ies the scandal around the box "П-2" raged in Italy, the question of masons was raised in the Greek parliament. Speaking to the deputies, the Greek Prime Minister Andreas Papandreu said: "This dark network that has entangled Italy serves as a lesson for us." What followed? And nothing ... Masonic lodges continue to operate in Greece, all as freely as before.
Oath of allegiance to the CIA
It gradually became clear that it was the masons who were behind the so-called "strategy of tension" deployed at that time in Italy: bombings, attempts and other acts of terror, which were attributed to neo-fascists, now to left-wing extremists. And the elevation of the most “honorary master” Licho Jelly began after he became an agent of the American special services. In 1969, a bomb exploded in the agricultural bank of Milan, killing and injuring more than a hundred people. In 1974, the Italus passenger express was derailed, and in 1980, a powerful explosion thundered in the building of the Bologna railway station. Acts of terror were committed through implanted people by gangs of neo-fascists, as well as left-wing extremists, including from the so-called “Red Brigades”, whose hands had killed and killed the leader of the ruling Christian Democratic Party, Aldo Moro.
The goal was to create an atmosphere of fear and terror in the Apennines, and then carry out a coup under the pretext of “protecting” it from extremists.
To this end, it was also intended to use a special plan of NATO, developed in case of a “state of emergency”.
The investigation showed that the masons from the box “П-2” not only prepared a right-wing coup in Italy, but even once tried to carry it out. It was the people of Jelly who were involved in the plot of the "black prince" - the neo-fascist Valerio Borghese. In December 1970, the conspirators already occupied the building of the Italian Ministry of the Interior, dismantled it weapon and were preparing to take the building of the Roman television to proclaim a new dictator. But all this turned out to be a poorly prepared adventure, and Jelly personally was forced to give up the coup that had already begun.
Having thoroughly examined all the circumstances of the scandal with “P-2”, the Italian parliamentary commission concluded that the functions of the lodge were “indisputably too great for a character like Licho Jelly” and put forward the hypothesis that another figure stood above his “pyramid” , which dictated the final goals to the master.
Who exactly? The commission didn’t answer directly to this question, evasively saying: “We don’t know what forces are in the upper structure, even in the most general terms, except for identifying the relations connecting Gelli with the secret services.” And knowing that the secret services of Italy were then completely under the control of the CIA, it is not difficult to guess exactly who we are talking about.
Italian journalist Mino Pecorelli said: "Industrialists and financiers, politicians, generals and judicial officials, taking an oath of allegiance to Freemasonry, thus becoming the service of the CIA."
However, the journalist did not live long after that. He was killed near his home in Rome. Shot in the mouth - "Do not talk!" - a typical method of hired assassins from the mafia. As it turned out much later, the murder was ordered by Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti himself, who was sentenced to 2002 years in prison in 24 for the year, but who managed to avoid imprisonment due to the expiration of the statute of limitations.
Many other key characters in the scandal surrounding the П-2 lodge, especially those who financed it, were gradually eliminated or disappeared without a trace. Banker Calvi, for example, was found hanging under the Black Monks Bridge in London, and banker Sindon, who was sentenced to life imprisonment, was poisoned with cyanide, mixed with coffee. Occorsio, the prosecutor, who suspected the “Masonic mark” in a series of terrorist acts in Italy, was killed, under strange circumstances, many other investigators or important witnesses were simply killed or simply killed.
... After filming the film "The Secret of Villa Greta" by director Tamara Lisician, her only son suddenly died. She herself was confident and told me about it that his death was revenge for her first Soviet painting “about masons”. By the way, Lisitsian was not a cultural worker from an “ivory tower” at all, but a courageous and experienced person who had a good understanding of politics. During the war, she was thrown to the rear of the Germans and fought there. After the war, she married the son of the leader of the Italian Communist Party, Luigi Longo.
By the way, after the first publication of my essay on masons in Greece, one of my friends in Athens received a call and asked me to tell me that “this Russian journalist” would not write more on the Masonic topic. Otherwise, he "will be in big trouble."
Although that there is Greece or Italy! The bastion of modern Freemasonry, as shown by the scandal with Freemasons in Italy and the book of Tsaruhasa in Greece - the United States.
Not far from Washington, in the town of Alexandria on the hill of Shooters, stands a hundred-meter building, which is crowned with a stepped pyramid with a rectangular arch. It houses the George Washington Masonic National Memorial.
At the entrance is the bronze former president of the United States in an apron, with a hammer in his hand and with other masonic regalia. George Washington joined the ranks of the masons, while he was still a major in the British colonial army. Following him, as L. Zamoisky noted, by the way, also working as a correspondent in Italy, many other US presidents were Freemasons: Coolidge, Roosevelt, Truman, Ford, Johnson, Reagan, Bush, Clinton ...
To this warm company, you can add all the financial and banking elite of the United States, the leaders of major transnational corporations, to fully understand the power and influence of Freemasonry, not only in the United States, but throughout the world.
Vladimir Malyshev worked in Italy and in Greece as a TASS and ITAR-TASS correspondent. Author of scripts for feature films and nonfiction books: “Behind the Masons' Screen”, “Pinia in the Wind. Essays on modern Italy "," White and blue. Essays on modern Greece "," Athens correspondent. Unusual adventures "behind the hill". Documentary stories "and others.