Military Review

Pneumatic hunting weapon: well forgotten old

33

PCP Hatsan 44-10 rifle, cal. 4,5 mm



Pneumatic weapon It was originally created as an alternative to gunshot hunting rifles. Gradually, it became interested in the military and at a certain period was even actively used by some armies. However, the development of firearms eventually led to the fact that pneumatic weapons are now mainly used for training and for the so-called. entertaining shooting. It is worth noting that in our country, pneumatic weapons of such purpose are widely spread, because of which other classes of "pneumatics" may be unknown to the general public.

Only relatively recently, just a couple of decades ago, domestic weapons lovers learned that air rifles can be used not only for target shooting, but also for hunting. The capabilities of the weapon, in which several special technical solutions are applied, make it possible to hunt various small game without resorting to powerful firearms. At the same time in our country there are restrictions on the power of the hunting airguns and on the scope of its application.
Pneumatic hunting weapon: well forgotten old
According to Russian law, pneumatic weapons are divided into several classes. So, samples of sports, educational or entertainment purposes must have a muzzle energy of no more than 7,5 J. Hunting air guns, in turn, can shoot a bullet with energy up to 25 J. Pneumatics with high energies is not provided by law, which imposes appropriate restrictions on its acquisition and use. Airguns with muzzle energy up to 25 J, as well as firearms, require an appropriate permit and are registered with the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

Hunting air guns can actually be of any design, but at the present time rifles with a spring-piston mechanism and with pre-pumping (PCP or Pre-Charge Pneumatics) are most common. Only these systems provide the necessary power and reliability of fire. It is worth noting that the "top" rifles of the hunting class have a system with a built-in compressed gas cylinder that provides a shot. The PCP system has several advantages over others and is therefore more convenient for hunting weapons.



The most interesting feature of PCP rifles, attracting the attention of hunters, is the almost complete lack of recoil. In the design of such a weapon, there are no large moving elements, and the momentum obtained from the movement of a bullet is extremely small and almost not felt. In this regard, in particular, it becomes possible to use any suitable sights, mounts, etc. However, the arrows often approach the choice of sights and another “body kit” with great responsibility.

Hunting air rifles most often have a caliber 5,5 or 6,35 mm. This caliber allows the weapon to achieve the required energy performance. In the case of 4,5 caliber bullets, the mass of which does not exceed 0,5-1 g, overcoming the conditional barrier in JNUMX-10 J becomes a complex design task associated with an increase in the initial velocity of the bullet. For this reason, larger-caliber ammunition is most often used in hunting weapons with energy up to 12 J. It is worth noting that there are air guns of calibers .25 (45 mm) or .11,45 (50 mm) abroad, but almost always these weapons are made to order and in accordance with the requirements of a particular shooter. At the same time, most hunters use weapons of medium calibers - no more than 12,7 mm.

All modern hunting PCP rifles have a similar appearance. Manufacturers use a common architecture, changing some of the elements or using their groundwork for materials. All rifle units are mounted on a wooden or plastic box. The shape and material of this part is chosen by the designers and affect mainly the usability of the weapon, but not its characteristics. A barrel, a firing mechanism with a bullet delivery system, as well as a gas system, which ensures the operability of the rifle, are mounted on the bed. The basis of the gas system is a cylinder containing a gas under pressure. Through the reducer gas from the cylinder is fed into the accumulating chamber connected to the trigger mechanism. Depending on the design of the rifle, after pressing the trigger, gas from the accumulation chamber can flow directly into the barrel, behind the bullet, or push a separate drummer.

Since the gas system is the basis of a pre-pumped rifle, modern weapons of this class use several original ideas designed to improve shooting accuracy. For this purpose, gas reducers capable of controlling the pressure in the accumulation chamber with high accuracy, durable cylinders for compressed gas, etc. are used. The pressure in a gas cylinder can reach tens or hundreds of atmospheres, which places high demands on its strength characteristics. High pressure allows to ensure long-term use of gas: modern medium-caliber PCP rifles at one gas station, depending on the set pressure in the accumulation chamber, can make shots from 20-30 to 150-200 without noticeable changes in characteristics. For large-caliber weapons, this parameter does not exceed several shots.

The stated accuracy of shooting rifles from world-class manufacturers does not exceed one angular minute. However, such shooting accuracy has to be paid for with some features of shooting and maintenance. Thus, the effective range of medium-caliber air rifles does not exceed 80-100 meters. Because of the relatively low muzzle energy, the bullet of such a weapon flies along a steep trajectory, and this makes it difficult to fire long distances. In addition, PCP rifles are very demanding on the quality of the gas used. For this reason, in particular, many hunters never pump atmospheric air into the balloon, the humidity of which can seriously affect shooting. For filling the cylinder used prepared air stored in a separate container.



PCP Rifle Ataman M2R Tactics TRG 5,5


Changes in legislation that have emerged in recent years have led to increased interest in the hunt with airguns. Products of well-known foreign manufacturers of airguns, such as Crosman, Hatsan and others, appeared on the Russian market. Seeing the interest of the domestic buyer, the Russian company ATAMAN launched its line of PCP rifles. The current state of the market suggests that Russian hunters are interested in pneumatic weapons and mastered it. Of course, while the hunting "pneumatics" can not compete with other classes of pneumatic or firearms, because it has a specific niche of use. Nevertheless, practice has shown that such a weapon is interesting to the shooters. Perhaps, in the future, interest in hunting with airguns will increase, with the result that rifles of this class will become the same habitual element of the hunter’s appearance as the legendary double-barrels or modern Saiga carbines.


On the materials of the sites:
http://guns.arsenalnoe.ru/
http://maksimov.su/
http://popmech.ru/
http://airgun.ru/
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33 comments
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  1. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets 20 November 2013 09: 01
    +3
    "Of course, while hunting" pneumatics "cannot compete with other classes of pneumatic or firearms, since it has a specific niche of application."

    It should be added that in accordance with the rules of hunting there is a very limited list of animals that are allowed to hunt with pneumatics, so it is more an expensive toy, because good pneuma at a price not inferior to firearms.
    1. Reindeer herder
      Reindeer herder 21 November 2013 18: 03
      0
      Good pneumatics cost a lot more than a gunshot. if a good gun is within 150 tr, then pneuma easily jumps over a barrier of 500 tr
  2. makarov
    makarov 20 November 2013 09: 16
    +3
    Pneumatics is a good thing, but expensive. Travel pneumatics require permission. Pneumatics is more demanding on care and prevention.
  3. Borz
    Borz 20 November 2013 09: 56
    +2
    But sports weapons from Demyan (expensive, but what a beauty!)
  4. Borz
    Borz 20 November 2013 09: 58
    +1
    It’s a pity that hunting with pneumatics is prohibited by law.
    1. chunga-changa
      chunga-changa 20 November 2013 11: 04
      0
      In Ukraine, the problem is different. Practically hunting is forbidden for almost all available pneumatics in principle. Raven and cats do not consider game. T.ch. even if rifles are allowed any hunting will be poaching.
      In addition, if the rifle is hunting then it should be sold only if there is a ticket hunt, but obviously the same will begin, or for those who need a rifle just for fun.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. vanaheym
        vanaheym 20 November 2013 17: 07
        +1
        Quote: chunga-changa
        In addition, if the rifle is hunting then it should be sold only if there is a ticket hunt, but obviously the same will begin, or for those who need a rifle just for fun.

        We already have the same Ibis selling Crickets in caliber 6.35. But taking into account the fact that their purchase requires the same permission as for a smoothbore, and besides this, for their price of $ 2000, you can buy a new Hatsan Escort 12-gauge pump for $ 350 in the same place and a half-truck of Taho cartridges for delivery. "$ 0.5 each to clean up everything running through the forest, it is foolish to think that pneumatic hunting will become more popular.
      3. The fat man
        The fat man 20 November 2013 19: 44
        +1
        I need for entertainment ---- and what's wrong with that?
  5. strel212
    strel212 20 November 2013 10: 59
    +1
    Quote: Vladimirets
    good pneuma at a price not inferior to firearms.


    And even surpasses firearms
    1. vanaheym
      vanaheym 20 November 2013 17: 09
      0
      Not a bad Hatsan Escort pump in 12 gauge - $ 350. PCP air rifle "Cricket" - $ 2000
  6. Monster_Fat
    Monster_Fat 20 November 2013 11: 35
    +3
    I was always "killed" by the rhetoric of our prohibitors calling any pneumatic rifles and pistols "pneumatic weapons" although the harm from such "weapons" is even less than from an ordinary slingshot or a thrown stone. All over the world, "weapons" are called. only that device, mechanism or product that was originally designed and manufactured to kill a person. That is, for example, according to American law, all numerous air rifles and pistols are not considered weapons at all. Powerful air rifles designed for hunting small animals also do not fall under the license as a firearm - when you buy them, you just register in the store and that's it.
    1. Vladimirets
      Vladimirets 20 November 2013 11: 46
      +1
      Quote: Monster_Fat
      although the harm from such a "weapon" is even less than from an ordinary slingshot or a thrown stone.

      Do you remember the Soviet IZH-38 from which they shot at shooting ranges? Modern pneuma, even cal. 4,5 mm, not to mention the larger calibers and power of rifles, is quite a weapon.
      Quote: Monster_Fat
      All over the world, "weapons" are called. only that device, mechanism or product that was originally designed and manufactured to kill a person.

      Interesting interpretation. Those. Is a hunting double-barreled weapon a weapon?
      Quote: Monster_Fat
      about, for example, under American law, all the numerous air rifles and pistols are not considered weapons at all. Powerful air rifles designed for hunting small animals also do not get licensed as a firearm — when they are purchased, they simply register at the store and that’s all.

      Well, if this is the case in America, then of course it is right; America is the beacon of progressive humanity. There, if that, and pistols in many states are sold in the same way.
    2. Corsair
      Corsair 20 November 2013 14: 57
      +1
      Quote: Monster_Fat
      I was always "killed" by the rhetoric of our prohibitors calling any pneumatic rifles and pistols "pneumatic weapons" although the harm from such "weapons" is even less than from an ordinary slingshot or a thrown stone.

      Indeed, a 10mm diameter steel ball released from such a "super slingshot" can be a very formidable factor ...
    3. танк
      танк 20 November 2013 17: 10
      -1
      originally designed and manufactured to kill a person
      What nonsense! Not necessarily human, the definition also includes animals and equipment! That is, from your words, RPG is not a weapon? Is it designed to destroy armored vehicles, is also a hunting double-barreled shotgun or the same saiga a weapon too?
    4. vanaheym
      vanaheym 20 November 2013 17: 12
      0
      Quote: Monster_Fat
      Powerful air rifles designed for hunting small animals also do not get licensed as a firearm — when they are purchased, they simply register at the store and that’s all.

      In America, air rifles that are used to hunt such small animals are not recorded at all.
      1. The fat man
        The fat man 20 November 2013 19: 47
        0
        Really killed Buffalo from pneumatics?
        1. vanaheym
          vanaheym 20 November 2013 19: 53
          0
          And not one likely: quackenbushairguns.com
  7. marshes
    marshes 20 November 2013 11: 48
    +1
    With pneumatics it hunts well out of season or where the huntsmen are not "attached".
    I myself hunt in season and with a license, I don’t take much.
  8. uhjpysq1
    uhjpysq1 20 November 2013 11: 59
    +4
    with pneumatics on a duck))))))))))))))))))))))) not! on a boar))))))) or a bear))))))))))) man not I understand, you n .... r or a hunter)))))))) they did the right thing and forbade it. Everybody thinks they are super-duper snipers, and who will pick up wounded birds for you !!! so shoot around the bottle -hunters)
    1. alex-cn
      alex-cn 20 November 2013 14: 27
      0
      By the way, a YouTube clip about pneumatics is hanging on a boar, oddly enough - from a single shot ..., here’s not a weapon for you.
      1. uhjpysq1
        uhjpysq1 20 November 2013 15: 22
        0
        )) big and believe the movie tales))) but how not to get into the vital organs with one shot, what then?))
        1. alex-cn
          alex-cn 20 November 2013 16: 00
          0
          hit on the head, out of tune, and the movie look, there was no smell of a fairy tale.
          1. uhjpysq1
            uhjpysq1 20 November 2013 17: 42
            -1
            ))))))) well looked))))))))) point-blank tied pig)))))) and still far from the fact that from pneumatics. it hurts like everything is blurry fuzzy) and not seen in the bushes.) commercial however)))
        2. vanaheym
          vanaheym 20 November 2013 17: 15
          +2
          Americans go on wild boars with pneumatic .458 caliber.
          Here's the type with these. Below - respectively .177 and .22
          1. uhjpysq1
            uhjpysq1 20 November 2013 18: 10
            0
            ))) America))) they can and with a machine gun.
  9. Volodya Sibiryak
    Volodya Sibiryak 20 November 2013 12: 01
    +2
    A very expensive pleasure, Hatsan, the one in the photo with the hare costs an average of 21000 rubles, Ataman and even more - 52000 rubles, for this money and permission, and a normal ticket and firearm can be purchased.
    1. alex-cn
      alex-cn 20 November 2013 14: 29
      +2
      And it remains to wash the purchase, but please, in moderation! drinks
    2. Corsair
      Corsair 20 November 2013 18: 32
      +1
      Quote: Volodya Sibiryak
      for this money and permission, both a ticket and a normal shotgun can be purchased.

      Keyword "Purchase" ...
      And BRAINS for this whole business, for "change" will give ??
      1. fon_Stierlitz
        fon_Stierlitz 20 November 2013 19: 05
        +1
        Well, brains do not go to pneumatics as well.
  10. testerman
    testerman 20 November 2013 12: 21
    +2
    Was this an advertisement?
    1. Serg 122
      Serg 122 20 November 2013 15: 51
      +2
      It seems like that! Golimaya and!
  11. zcrb
    zcrb 20 November 2013 14: 13
    +2
    Quote: uhjpysq1
    and who will pick up wounded birds for you

    And then with wounded gunshots do not happen? And the duck is quite normal with 6,35 caliber pneumatics. Just because of the almost complete absence of recoil, the accuracy of shooting from pneumatics is much higher, respectively, and less wounded. But how to peel a flock in two trunks with a shot is normal, but how to shoot one bird at a time is complete garbage.
    1. uhjpysq1
      uhjpysq1 20 November 2013 15: 26
      -2
      yes)) offhand on ducks))) willingly believe)))))))))) go to feathered game with shotguns !! fraction and not bullets!
  12. zcrb
    zcrb 20 November 2013 16: 29
    +1
    Quote: uhjpysq1
    go to feathered game with shotguns !! fraction and not bullets!

    The fraction size is from 1 to 5,5 mm. The size of a bullet for pneumatics is from 4,5 to 6,35 mm (the most running calibers). Fraction is convenient in that when firing a shot, a large lesion area is closed immediately (depending on accuracy), i.e., roughly speaking, it is not necessary to aim at vital organs - a more or less accurate shot in the direction of the hunting object is enough. I agree that the classic feathered hunting involves the use of a smoothbore with a shot. But who said that pneumatics should not be used in bird hunting? Even current regulations permit the use of airguns when hunting certain types of birds. If you follow your logic, is prey of a bird with a crossbow or a bow also not good?
    1. uhjpysq1
      uhjpysq1 20 November 2013 17: 30
      -4
      it’s just that. from a bow, that from pneumatics the likelihood of killing a game is small. It’s necessary to kill and not just get there. Wounded game usually hides and dies. And this is not hunting, but killing. Besides, it’s not fast (within reasonable limits) and not can be used when hunting for predators. even a wounded moose is capable of waving 10k km.)) well and dear it. they are bought mainly by rich hamsters), whose main hunting trophies are bottles of expensive cognac. and those are far from their jeep go away) not just to climb wounded windbreaks for wounded animals.
  13. Keeper
    Keeper 20 November 2013 17: 16
    +2
    Good bow + good ranger = pleasure from any hunt! What matters is not the fact of the murder itself, but the ability to deceive the animal instinct, for it is instinct that is the finest facet that people often lack completely ...
    1. uhjpysq1
      uhjpysq1 20 November 2013 18: 07
      -1
      Keeper))) buy yourself a photo gun)))
  14. Andreitas
    Andreitas 20 November 2013 18: 00
    0
    I shot with a bully rifle. Plus it was tuned, power increased. Good German optics stood on it. From 150 meters the first time I got into a jar from under Pepsi.
  15. uzer 13
    uzer 13 20 November 2013 23: 51
    0
    It’s better not to mess with the PCP, the compressor needs other accessories as well. The pressure in the cylinder depends on the temperature, and all this is expensive. For training, it’s enough to have an ordinary inexpensive piston rifle, Izhevsk production is also suitable. There’s no need to build illusions about hunting with such weapons it is forbidden, and the raven too. And as for rifles of caliber 5.6 and more, it is clear here what you will choose for the same money: an air rifle or a Vepr carbine?
    1. bairat
      bairat 21 November 2013 07: 43
      +1
      If you are not a hunter with 5 years of experience of owning a smoothbore, then naturally you will choose pneumatics, the rifle will not be sold. I somehow bought a "cricket" at 5.5, according to the documents, it passes like a toy with a bullet energy of up to 3 J, well, this is if the cutter is not blown out above 5 atmospheres. But in reality they upload 200+. Very accurate, 70 meters lays a bullet in a bullet.
      The compressor for such pressures is very expensive, I have not heard that someone would have such a personal use. Usually they fill up a balloon at the Ministry of Emergencies, from where they then reload the rifle, or buy a high-pressure hand pump.
  16. vdovinab
    vdovinab 21 November 2013 15: 22
    +2
    MP-512 optics 1.5 4 days 1 gosling (wounded fraction whole saucer) everything from 10 to 15 meters. All to the head with one shot.
    1. Borz
      Borz 21 November 2013 21: 41
      0
      How did I get so close without scaring? It's just interesting.
      1. uzer 13
        uzer 13 22 November 2013 16: 58
        0
        It’s difficult to approach the goose, I only managed to walk about 30 meters. To ducks I had to go about 50 meters, then crawl, but make less noise. From the leeward side you can crawl to a distance of 1 m if they hide under the shore, but this is in a swamp where there are lakes .
  17. rostov-dad
    rostov-dad 22 November 2013 23: 12
    -1
    I have a hatsan 44-10 it was a PCP (later I sold it). After a little refinement, I dispersed the bullet to 460 m \ s (measured through the cron), hunt with it x..new, the ballistic hit of Pts is strong like from a groove (game runs up) the accuracy is really good, but as long as you pump up the tank with a pump, I don’t want to hunt anymore , it’s a joke to blow out 300 atm by hand. And it’s a pity that the ducks punch through the hull to fly out (when you won’t hit it in the water) it takes off 200-300 meters flies and the reeds fall, it’s not hunting, it’s poaching.
  18. sasska
    sasska 30 November 2013 11: 59
    +1
    Quote: alex-cn
    By the way, a YouTube clip about pneumatics is hanging on a boar, oddly enough - from a single shot ..., here’s not a weapon for you.

    why go far? here is my pneumatic trophy (10-11 meters, to the head, D350m).
    1. vanaheym
      vanaheym 30 November 2013 13: 46
      0
      The boar is some kind of training :)
  19. sasska
    sasska 30 November 2013 19: 25
    +1
    Quote: vanaheym
    The boar is some kind of training :)

    most importantly, it was delicious. and, still, his wife recalls cutting this youngster in the bathroom lol