Military Review

Centenary Rescue Ship "Commune"

Centenary Rescue Ship "Commune"

On November 17, 2013, a ceremony was held in Sevastopol in honor of the centenary of the launching of the oldest ship, which is part of the Russian Navy - the rescue catamaran “Commune”. In the flag-raising and solemn rally on this occasion at the squad of rescue ships of the Black Sea fleet, which includes the "Commune", was attended by the commander of the Black Sea Fleet, Vice Admiral Alexander Vitko.

The rescue ship of the Volkhov submarines was laid out for the Russian Imperial fleet 12 November 1912 in St. Petersburg at the Putilov shipyard of the Society of Putilov factories (present JSC Shipbuilding Plant Severnaya Verf) and launched on November 17 1913. The Baltic The fleet entered 14 July 1915 of the year 31 December 1922 was renamed the “Commune.” In 1967, the ship from the Baltic Fleet moved to Sevastopol into the Black Sea Fleet.

The vessel has repeatedly undergone repairs and upgrades. During his stay in the fleet, he raised more than 150 wrecks, including ten submarines. Now the Commune is still in the ranks of the Navy and is the carrier of the modern working remote-controlled underwater vehicle Saab Seaeye Panther Plus acquired in the UK, which allows you to explore objects at depths up to 1000 meters. Also on the vessel is a simulator, where practical training of the complex operators is conducted. In recent years, the ship "Commune" took part in the testing of deep-water equipment, with his participation and rescue and underwater-technical work.

“During the last docking in 2005, the hull thickness in the bow was measured, in the ice belt area it was - 14, 9 mm, while during launching - 16 mm,” the captain of the Commune vessel reported in the last ten years, Anatoly Ishinov. The captain noted that the ship can serve for many more years, according to him, until recently, the only non-working mechanism on the ship was a piano presented to the ship in 1914, but today it is in working condition.

"Commune" has a displacement of 3100 tons., Its length - 81 m, width - 13,2 m, draft - 3,7 m.
Full speed is 8,5 knots, and cruising range is 4000 miles.
No weapons. Specialist. equipment: shipboard lifting equipment - left hull for 80 tons, right hull - for 30 tons. Crew: 23 people.
It is worth noting that the ship hull is made of Putilov steel and is, of course, not in perfect condition, but in quite working condition. The vessel is constantly undergoing maintenance, because he, of course, even by human standards, is not even pre-retirement, but a deeply retired age.

We climb the ladder to the "Commune" to get acquainted with the veteran closer.

Short label history ship ..

In the mess room there is another sign. She minted in the year of the launch of the vessel - in 1915 year.
It is interesting that (and this is noticeable on the plate) the emblem of the Putilov factory was changed much later.

"Commune" is a ship of catamaran type, between its sides a mobile platform moves with a descent vehicle.
It is powered by four cable drives located in pairs on the sides of the vessel in the front and rear parts

View of the platform from the top farm

Huge drums with cables allow you to immerse the descent vehicle to a depth of 1 kilometer

Cables for drives of a descent module underwater vehicle

The main object of the "Commune" is a working remotely controlled uninhabited underwater vehicle RTNPA. Allows you to work at depths up to 1 km (limited by cable length). Designed for searching and detecting underwater objects using sonars, lifting loads up to 150 kg, cutting cables, etc.

The RTNPA is equipped with 4 video cameras, as well as a pair of manipulators. Manipulators are interchangeable, intended for various purposes - the seizure of an object, the installation of a radio beacon, the seizure of a cable, snacking or cutting.
The device is equipped with 10 engines, allowing for exceptional maneuverability.

Manipulator with a cutting disc, which allows cutting of metal and cables at depths up to 1 km

In the yellow capsules are all electronic systems. When immersed from there all air is forcibly exhausted. This ensures complete sealing of the capsules by compressing water.

Control bridge descending underwater vehicle. Equipment and equipment produced in Norway

The bridge of the ship.

The steering wheel and some elements have been saved from the date of the launch of the ship - from 1915

The ship "Kommuna" is based in Streletskaya Bay of Sevastopol on the rented berths of the Naval Forces of Ukraine.
Here the warships of Russia and Ukraine stand aboard

Spotlight on the upper bridge

The topmost cabin is located at an altitude of more than 20 meters above sea level.

Spare screws

Anchor chain length gauges

The chain goes into the sea ...

Engine room. Two six-cylinder diesel engines of the Riga Felzer plant with an 600 power of HP were originally installed on the Kommun as the main engines. (310 rpm). Subsequently, they were replaced with diesel engines with similar characteristics of the Kolomna plant.

Emergency sound alarm system in case of emergency

There are here and ...

Galley nameplate

Soon the team has lunch

Piano in the officers' cabin. It was installed during the construction of the vessel. Currently, it is not possible to remove it due to the difference in dimensions and door openings.

Course pointer

In some places on the "Commune" there are still pre-revolutionary signs.


Storm trap

The team is painting the lifeboats for the parade in honor of the holiday of Neptune

For the first time, the rescue ship was used for its intended purpose in the summer of 1917, when the AH-15 submarine sank with the open hatch in the Aland skerries during the training dive. Despite the fact that the rescue was hampered by a strong storm, 16 (29) of June at 00 hours 50 minutes by the forces of "Volkhov" the boat was lifted. The crew of the "rescuer" crew repaired the boat for a month, and it was again put into operation. September 24 (October 7) 1917, the rescue ship Volkhov, from the depth of the 13,5 meter was successfully lifted by the submarine Unicorn from the depth of the XNUMX meter

From 15 May to 13 September 1928, the Commune performs work on raising the sunk 4 June 1919 of the year in the Koporsky Gulf of the Gulf of Finland of the English submarine L-55. The boat was lifted to the surface from the depth of the 62 meter using the step method 21 July 1928. Once again, everyday work: raising the sunken boat of the maritime security and the tugboat KP-7, ensuring the testing of new submarines and the repair of the BF ships. The Kommuna raised from the depths the Bolshevik submarines, the M-90, the torpedo boat and the crashed aircraft ...

Since the beginning of World War II, the rescue vessel Kommuna is based in Leningrad. Since March 1942, 32 divers of the Commune have been working on the Ladoga Life Road. Part of the crew participated in landing operations on the Neva (and this at 40% of the shortage). During this time, the sailors of the Commune raised four from the bottom tank HF, two tractors and 31 cars. Kommunars prepared 159 light divers for the fleet, repaired six M-type submarines. Despite the difficult situation at the front, rescuers lifted the sunken from the water: PL Shch-411, tugboat Austra, schooners Trud, Aquarius-2, to the OVR TsO Pravda floating base, two "pikes" and several "small hunters" were restrained ...

In 1944, the Kommuna raised 14 sunken objects with a total displacement of 11 767 tons, assisted 34 to emergency ships and vessels. The entire crew of the vessel was awarded the medal "For the Defense of Leningrad."
Only in 1954 the veteran ship was able to undergo a major overhaul, during which the main diesel engines were replaced with Dutch-made engines. At the end of November 1956, the catamaran again took up combat duty: from the depth of 45 meters the submarine M-200 was rammed by the destroyer. In October, the submarine M-1957 was lifted from the depth of the 73 meter from the depth of the 256; in August of the 1959, the torpedo boat sank at the depth of the 22 meter. In total, for its service, the Commune assisted more than a hundred ships and submarines.

In 1967, the veteran ship successfully completed an inter-base crossing from the Baltic to the Black Sea, safely arriving in Sevastopol, circling around Europe. In Sevastopol, at the Sevmorzavod, the Kommuna was converted into a carrier vessel of deep-water apparatuses. The conversion project was completed by the end of 1969, in the Sevastopol Central Design Bureau "Chernomorets". By the time of completion of work at the SMZ (27 on April 1973), the cost of refitting the vessel was about 11 million rubles

At the moment, the rescue ship Kommunna has passed dock repair, and, despite its age, actively participates in various activities of the fleet rescue service with outlets at sea.

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  1. Same lech
    Same lech 20 November 2013 07: 08
    The St. Petersburg workers were able to do in tsarist times — until now in the construction of a ship.
    I would like to have PROTONS done qualitatively in our time.
  2. Edward72
    Edward72 20 November 2013 07: 12
    No words. SURPRISED!
  3. Volodya Sibiryak
    Volodya Sibiryak 20 November 2013 07: 21
    A unique ship with a rich history, the legend goes that there is a gold rivet in its hull.
    1. Edward72
      Edward72 20 November 2013 07: 24
      This legend about the Bolsheokhtinsky bridge they are just the same age.
      1. Volodya Sibiryak
        Volodya Sibiryak 20 November 2013 07: 35
        I don’t know about the bridge, but almost everyone who served on the “Commune” tried to find the rivet.
  4. predator.3
    predator.3 20 November 2013 07: 24
    Well, with the anniversary! You are our longevity! hi
  5. Bort radist
    Bort radist 20 November 2013 07: 25
    The article and the author are a huge plus. A special thank you photo, all the most interesting is shown - the design, the history of technology, life, relaxation!
    PS Today is another historical event (in our country, in my opinion, every day is historical. Great country, Great history) On November 20, 1914, the first Russian armored cars were baptized by fire on the North-Western Front, in the Pabiansy-Lask area, inflicting fire with their machine guns great damage to the German infantry. About how the first Russian armored cars were created and how they fought were written in 1995 by the magazine "Behind the Wheel" Would it be nice to submit an article on this topic? I don't have enough time. Here is the link to the article archive.
  6. kind
    kind 20 November 2013 07: 31
    It is time for this hard worker to present the honorary title or order. Moreover, he is one of a kind.
  7. Avenich
    Avenich 20 November 2013 07: 35
    Quote: Good
    It is time for this hard worker to present the honorary title or order. Moreover, he is one of a kind.

    Undoubtedly and undeniably. In military affairs, unfortunately, "workhorses" are often forgotten.
  8. major071
    major071 20 November 2013 07: 38
    They used to do it for centuries. The phrase smiled:
    Until recently, the only non-working mechanism on the ship was the piano, presented to the ship in 1914, but today it is still in working condition.
  9. family tree
    family tree 20 November 2013 07: 39
    A hundred years! Get fucked up! belay
  10. 77bor1973
    77bor1973 20 November 2013 07: 44
    The Russian "Glomar Explorer" is in the ranks as always, now probably only the "Aurora" will be older!
    1. TRex
      TRex 20 November 2013 07: 53
      Little is left of the "Aurora" body, but here the "original" is included. Even the copper plates are in place! Legend, fairy tale ... How did you not manage to sell on needles together with TAKRs? The scale is wrong?
  11. 505506
    505506 20 November 2013 07: 45
    A glorious path both labor and combat !!! But the modern look does not reach for the unit of the Russian Navy, so did the veteran, gentlemen of the Black Sea, launch this way?
  12. ZU-23
    ZU-23 20 November 2013 07: 49
    A cool catamaran, you need to give those people a medal who did not let it be cut into a colormet.
    1. Omskgasmyas
      Omskgasmyas 20 November 2013 08: 24
      Medals should be given to all those sailors and port workers who kept him 100 years in working condition. I think such a long-lived hard worker is not the only one in our fleet. That's about whom it is necessary to make films for children!
  13. starhina01
    starhina01 20 November 2013 08: 05
    article + pleasantly surprised good
  14. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 20 November 2013 08: 07
    Saved the Veteran! Well done! hi
  15. The comment was deleted.
  16. shark
    shark 20 November 2013 08: 51
    This ship is the property of the nation, a well-deserved veteran. If you write it off from the fleet, you shouldn’t cut it at all. Only a museum! It has found all stages of the tragic history of Russia in the 20th century. It is worthy of respect and preservation.
  17. Asgard
    Asgard 20 November 2013 09: 54
    I agree with everyone, People knew how to do it really for centuries !!!!!
    Well, pre-revolutionary steel is really centuries old .....
    I in the 90s (in a mess)) climbed the attics of the Winter Palace of the Kings (for the time being the Hermitage)) and so the ceilings are made of steel and cast iron, they hold up to hundreds of granite columns of 30 tons in weight and they didn’t sink ANY MILLIMETER !!!! !!! Spans of 30-50 meters .....
    Withstand winters, static loads from snow, temperature fluctuations .....
    Modern steel from scrap metal is not capable of this))))))))
  18. avt
    avt 20 November 2013 10: 00
    good Cool ship !! And most importantly, the piano was preserved, well, what kind of life without a piano. laughing It would be necessary to determine it after the service, it is impossible to cut such a ship into needles! Keep as long as possible! Deserved it.
  19. ParapaPanda
    ParapaPanda 20 November 2013 11: 07
    The mighty ship. Chic team.
  20. alone
    alone 20 November 2013 19: 25
    it would be more expedient to begin the construction of a new vessel of this qualification, but this beautiful ship can turn the museum of military glory afloat. yes, the ship is undoubtedly excellent, made in good faith. But for the sake of objectivity, it should be noted that it is already old and needs peace
    1. Know-nothing
      Know-nothing 20 November 2013 19: 54
      We told Newten that the epic with the creation of the Russian GVK (* deep sea rescue complex) It has been dragging on since 2002 (since the beginning of the first design work of Lazurit) and that in the aggregate (including the stage of transferring the contract from Lazurit to another company) about two and a half billion rubles have already been allocated from the budget of the Ministry of Defense.

      “Translated into American currency, this is more than 77 million dollars,” we specify.

      “That's too much money,” Newten sighs. - The cost of commercial GVK, as well as those that are used for military purposes, is half or three times less! And they are built for a maximum of two to three years ...

      Phil Newton, creator of the Remora deep-sea rescue apparatus for Australian Navy submariners and the developer of the Submarine Rescue Diving Recompression System (PRMS) portable complex for the US Navy, can be trusted with a professional with 40 years of experience and an honorary citizen of Canada. Thanks to his invention, the US submarine fleet is now considered one of the safest and most protected. Its rescue systems for the Navy of the NATO countries - NSRS (NATO Submarine Rescue System) - operate almost anywhere in the world where naval aviation has access.

      - A rescue vessel with GVK on board, similar to the one that your country is currently building (* pr. 21300 "Igor Belousov"), it’s good only in peacetime and not far from the base, - Phil Newten is sure. - In my opinion, advanced equipment for rescuing submariners should be small-sized in order to be dropped from an airplane or a helicopter, and should work without the participation of people. This can be done in just a few hours from the time of the disaster. In wartime, it is better to deliver rescue vehicles to the place of the accident submarines secretly in submarines, as the US Navy is going to do ...

      We can only laugh it off:

      - We hope, Phil, that Russia will never have to fight with countries that have adopted your innovations.

      and a lot of interesting things
  21. mithridate
    mithridate 24 November 2013 18: 51
    legendary veteran worker ship
  22. nastran123
    nastran123 27 November 2013 18: 07
    But what did they not help Kursk?
  23. Kulneff2009
    Kulneff2009 4 December 2013 21: 06
    Long life to him! And save forever! So that descendants would know how to build ships in Russia.
  24. equinox
    equinox 23 November 2014 20: 09
    Thanks to my great-grandfather, Vilyl S.M., who took part in the construction of this wonderful catamaran, though as a master of the Putilov factory, who was responsible for the natural ventilation system.
    1. In
      In 13 November 2017 14: 38
      my relative midshipman Simonov Ignaty Ivanovich, born in 1904 served at the Commune from 1932 to 1935.