Military Review

Why the US does not want to lose control of the Internet

Currently, Russian security initiatives on the Internet are becoming more widespread and popular. Until recently, the steps of the Russian government were perceived in the West as an attempt to impose state control over the global network and impose censorship. But after the revelations that followed from Edward Snowden, those theses that were submitted by Russia to the UN should be considered from a different angle: it became clear to the world community that it was not Russia, but the United States that violated the rights and freedoms of people, Internet users. Despite this, the opposition from the American side does not think to stop.

Edward Snowden, as Julian Assange used to be, caused a constant headache for the American special services, as well as a source of tension in the camp of the allies in the NATO bloc. Currently, scandal is gaining momentum, which is associated with extensive US intelligence activities launched in Germany against the citizens of this country and senior management. A possible overhearing by the American special services of the telephone of German Chancellor Angela Merkel is being discussed. All this caused a rather serious scandal, in which the United States' main ally in Europe, Britain, was also drawn.

It is worth noting the fact that experts, in principle, were not very surprised by the fact of espionage from Washington. New in this stories The fact that one of the friends is secretly following the other, and on a gigantic scale, said Bernd Schmidbauer, who worked from 1991 to 1998 for a year as state minister in the office of the chancellor and coordinated the work of the German intelligence services. The scale of intelligence operations that were deployed by the United States, James Bamford compared in strength and range with the atomic bomb, whereas the capabilities of other countries' intelligence services today can be compared with ordinary artillery.

Currently, the NSA, which employs about 35 thousands of employees, is the largest of all intelligence services around the world. At the same time today, most of the leading Internet companies are located in the United States. In addition, the lion's share of Internet traffic also passes through the States. According to Bamford, this is simply a unique position that allows the United States to be tapped around the world.

Why the US does not want to lose control of the Internet

Information about the organization of the surveillance conducted by the United States with the help of the Internet was recently revealed to the world community by former CIA officer Edward Snowden, who was forced to go on the run after giving a number of secret documents to representatives of the Western media, which reported that The government uses global surveillance both against US citizens and against foreigners, including high-ranking officials from foreign countries.

In particular, in the summer of this year, the general public became aware of the existence of the top-secret US state program PRISM. Excerpts from her presentation, thanks to the information transmitted by Snowden, were published in The Guardian and The Washington Post. The PRISM program was described in them as a set of administrative measures allowing access to in-depth monitoring of the traffic of users of various Internet resources.

According to information disclosed by Edward Snowden, the PRISM program envisaged conducting mass surveillance of negotiations between US citizens and foreign citizens via the Internet and telephone. According to Snowden, the PRISM program allows the NSA to listen to voice and video chats, view emails of users, view videos, photos, track files they send, and learn other details from social networks. According to him, Microsoft (Hotmail), Yahoo !, Google (Google Mail), YouTube, Skype, Facebook, AOL, Paltalk and Apple participated in the program.

After disclosing this information, a former CIA officer asked for political asylum in several countries, and as a result of this 1 August 2013, Snowden’s petition was granted by Moscow. Russia granted the former CIA employee temporary asylum for a period of 1. After the publication of information that was made public by Snowden, he is unlikely to ever be able to return to the United States. Edward Snowden explained his action by the principle proclaimed by the Nuremberg Tribunal. According to this principle, any person has obligations to the international community, which are placed above the obligation of subordination to local laws. Therefore, in order to prevent crimes against peace and humanity, citizens must violate the internal laws of the country.

Even before the appearance of information that was made public by Edward Snowden, the Russian Foreign Ministry came up with a number of proposals to counteract electronic espionage. They were accompanied by the following clarifications: respect for human rights should not be opposed to other principles of international law, such as respect for the national sovereignty of states and non-interference in their internal affairs. Some experts believe that this may mean that the state should have sovereign rights over the national segment of the Internet. Naturally, the United States categorically disagree with this wording.

Igor Nezhdanov, the head of the information wars department of the Advanced Development Laboratory, spoke about the reasons for the reluctance of the United States, even to a small extent, to lose control over the Internet of the Voice of Russia radio station. In order to try to answer this question, you first need to understand what the Internet is and why Washington is so jealous of it. In the form in which the global network exists now, the Internet was created by the USA. Although its counterpart was developed in the USSR even earlier, it is a question of the control system of the country's strategic forces. However, the creator of the commercial version of the Internet is the United States. Having created it, they were able to master it better than anyone else and are currently taking full advantage of it. The United States dominates the Internet, and from the point of view that the main servers are located on their territory, they are the holders of the root infrastructure. However, they are also a leading manufacturer of processors, software and services.

Of course, today many states are also developing a global network for their goals and objectives. In addition to Russia, India and China are working quite effectively in this direction, but they are unable to catch up with the United States. However, this task is very important, given the fact that the effective use of the Internet gives an advantage in the conduct of modern wars, said Igor Nezhdanov. We are talking about new wars in the information space. Here we can distinguish 2 main types of wars: information wars and cyberwar. Information warfare is the manipulation of people's minds with the help of modern Internet technologies. Many protest movements, the overthrow of governments, the same “Arab spring” in many respects became possible thanks to the development and use of social networks. Cyberwar is the impact on information or on the infrastructure of the enemy. The use of programs, Trojans, viruses, DDoS-attacks, as well as theft, destruction, change information, social engineering.

In parallel with this, in the USA more and more new ways are being developed to counter possible attacks in cyberspace. Not so long ago, a project was launched in the United States that involves the development of an automated cyber-attack detection system. The project that DARPA is working on is in many ways reminiscent of what was shown in the science fiction film “Terminator. Judgment Day". However, according to Igor Nezhdanov, this is no longer a fantasy, but a given.

Washington’s reluctance to abandon its advantages on the Internet is understandable, but what can US opponents do to defend themselves? According to Igor Nezhdanov, building a “virtual fence” on the Internet - that is, to ensure that traffic does not enter or leave the country’s borders - will contribute to achieving the goal of protecting the state’s internal cyberspace. However, as a result of the construction of such an iron curtain, the country loses most of the advantages that the Internet provides. A much milder approach is needed. It is necessary to work on creating a structure that would allow very quickly, in real time, to assess whether there is normal communication or this destructive effect, if we talk about the psychological component, the manipulation of people. Whether the data is transmitted normally or destructively affected when it comes to the cyber component. This approach requires serious financial costs, but avoids closeness and leaves the possibility of interaction with anyone.

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  1. Same lech
    Same lech 19 November 2013 08: 05
    virtual fence "on the Internet - that is, to ensure that traffic does not enter or leave the country
    Like in NORTH KOREA, then the world will be visible as in a fog without clear outlines.
    No, you can’t hide information behind seven seals because a person needs it like in the air, it’s not surprising that the United States wants to control this most important invention of mankind.
    Ultimately, this attempt by the United States is doomed to failure by the very essence of the Internet — you cannot hold the air in your hand.
    1. Nightfly
      Nightfly 20 November 2013 02: 06
      this US attempt is doomed to failure
      What try? Half of the root DNS servers are scattered around the world. It is impossible to limit or take control. Only with an "ax" how to arrange a total Juche in S. Korea. And the fact that the main traffic goes through the United States is not the Pentagon's tricks, but an objective factual fact. Finish to mind laughing and traffic will come to you.
      1. vkaplich
        vkaplich 20 November 2013 06: 22
        rightly said ... it’s not even where the servers are physically located, but who owns the key Internet campaigns that serve hundreds of millions of users per day ... we are talking about Google, Facebook, Yahoo, Twitter, eBay, Amazon, etc. .d. the owners of these companies provide their traffic for analysis to the NSA special services ... there will be campaigns comparable in terms of traffic in Russia, then they will say that Russia will not want to lose control of the Internet ...
  2. makarov
    makarov 19 November 2013 08: 09
    Something smacks of propaganda to restrict the use of the network, and even under "good intentions".
  3. Maximus-xnumx
    Maximus-xnumx 19 November 2013 08: 14
    We must also bring electronic intelligence to new levels.
  4. tronin.maxim
    tronin.maxim 19 November 2013 08: 15
    Until the EU comes up with its means of communication, this action will continue. It’s not even strange when buying from the USA they were sure that they won’t listen to them, because Uncle Syem promised them this! We see the results of the swamis, everything is bad!
  5. Stiletto
    Stiletto 19 November 2013 08: 57
    The project that DARPA is working on is in many ways reminiscent of what was shown in the science fiction film Terminator. Judgment Day". However, according to Igor Nezhdanov, this is not fiction, but a given.

    Hmmm. I would not like the "Doomsday" project to become a reality one day. Although many scenarios written by science fiction writers are already real. True, for Soviet science fiction writers, these scenarios were mostly life-affirming. They did not dig a grave for themselves or for others. Unlike US projectors.
  6. Ahmed Osmanov
    Ahmed Osmanov 19 November 2013 09: 39
    Objectively speaking, it should be recognized that it will be very difficult, if not impossible, to catch up with Americans in electronic intelligence. The United States has always focused on some fantastic projects, implemented something, and something not. I believe that we also need to create a separate intelligence service that will deal only with electronic intelligence and report it directly to the president.
    1. mountain
      mountain 19 November 2013 15: 00
      And where did you get the idea that there is no such service in Russia. Our electronics is not inferior to foreign, and in some it exceeds their capabilities.
      1. edge
        edge 20 November 2013 03: 20
        Quote: mountain
        Our electronics is not inferior to foreign, and in some it exceeds their capabilities

        this applies only to special equipment, but everyone uses the concepts of household appliances ..... fellow
  7. dag
    dag 19 November 2013 10: 41
    Yes, because whoever owns the information owns the world. And Americans are known to be very susceptible to this.
    1. AVV
      AVV 19 November 2013 11: 41
      If you select the advantages that the states have at the moment in cyberspace, then for mattresses there will come black days, and that’s all!
  8. rolik2
    rolik2 19 November 2013 10: 57
    A normal approach, if the lion's share of Internet traffic passed through Russia, then the special services would have warmed their ears there too, only the scope would have been much more modest, and so everything is predictable.
  9. Ingvar 72
    Ingvar 72 19 November 2013 11: 17
    Cyber ​​warfare is the impact on information, or on the enemy’s infrastructure. The use of trojan programs, viruses, DDoS attacks, as well as theft, destruction, alteration of information, social engineering.
    The author put social engineering at the end of the list, but in fact the harm from it is much deeper and more, that’s how the mentality of the people changes. Programming society is a mine in the foundation of generations.
    1. Stanislas
      Stanislas 20 November 2013 16: 56
      Why do the approaches of the applied social sciences, focused on the purposeful change of organizational structures and institutions, give you this sacred awe? The harm from social projects and programs is no more than from technical ones. There was once a technical project of a combat control system, on the basis of which a social project was later developed, which was called the Internet. Nothing, we are using it. We have long been living not in a traditional society, but here the choice is small: either we ourselves will program our own development, or others will do it for us. And for these others, all global social projects must be edited by the CIA ...
  10. ImPerts
    ImPerts 19 November 2013 11: 31
    A much milder approach is needed. It is necessary to work on creating a structure that would make it possible very quickly, in real time, to assess whether normal communication is taking place or whether it is a destructive effect, if we talk about the psychological component, about manipulating people. Whether there is a normal data transfer or a destructive effect is carried out, if we are talking about a cyber component.

    A kind of supranational regulator. The problem of observing old international rights has not yet been decided, but we want to establish new ones ...
    Neither "-" nor "+" was delivered. The ending blurred everything.
    They haven’t come up with anything better than fences.
  11. an_ursus
    an_ursus 19 November 2013 14: 36
    The Internet is a superweapon of information warfare. All decisions and actions can and should come only from this definition. This is the armor! Dot!
  12. Nitarius
    Nitarius 19 November 2013 14: 57
    OUR need to move! Time is Running Out .....
    And ours do not even rush to create -OUR NETWORKS IN THE COUNTRY OF THE COUNTRY! --- by analogy of the western ..
    There is no Electronic Base ..... but in almost all COMPUTERS now from CHINA there is a BOOKMARK (right inside the processor, 256-bit encryption is verified).
    What are they waiting for?
    1. Sergey_K
      Sergey_K 19 November 2013 20: 32
      Do you even understand what you wrote?))
  13. voldmis
    voldmis 19 November 2013 17: 40
    Why don't the US want to lose control of the Internet?

    Who will refuse such a perfect source of intelligence information and a zombie tool? Not for that they created it to refuse ...
  14. saag
    saag 19 November 2013 19: 13
    Quote: mountain
    Our electronics is not inferior to foreign, and in some it exceeds their capabilities.

    please give an example, otherwise I have doubts that a chip on a 90-nm manufacturing process will be more productive than a chip, say on a 32-nm or 28-nm manufacturing process
    1. vkaplich
      vkaplich 20 November 2013 06: 13
      it’s not about productivity, but about energy consumption and physical size ...
  15. mountain
    mountain 19 November 2013 19: 13
    Quote: mountain
    And where did you get the idea that there is no such service in Russia. Our electronics is not inferior to foreign, and in some it exceeds their capabilities.

    Only could minus my comment. If not for our electronics, then there would not be a single smart rocket, not a single radar, by the way only they stealth and catch. I served SSK and I don’t have to talk about our equipment, even though it is not so aesthetic, but it works with a bang.
  16. alone
    alone 19 November 2013 19: 55
    Why the US does not want to lose control of the Internet

    anyone who had control over the Internet, never wanted to lose this control. To control the Internet means that, the whole world is in your pocket
  17. Sergey_K
    Sergey_K 19 November 2013 20: 36
    Nezhdanov Igor Konstantinovich

    Business consultant in the field of psychology of relations, personnel management, characterology, conflict resolution.
    Doctor psychiatrist-psychotherapist.
    One of the leading developers of the computer psychosemantic analysis system "MindReader", psychodiagnostics at an unconscious level, methods of assessing personnel risks.
    From 2003 to 2008 - Director of the Scientific Research Institute of Psychotechnology. Currently - General Director of Krona LLC (retail sales of educational software). Continuing teaching experience in business education since 1998.


    Author and host of seminars on characterology and client service (1998 - present);
    Krona LLC, Director (2008 - present). Building customer service at a European level;
    General Director of CJSC “Research Institute of Psychotechnologies” (2003-2008). Setting up a sales and sales department from scratch. Conclusion of products to international markets;
    Head of the scientific and technical department of CJSC “Research Institute of Psychotechnologies” (2002-2003) One of the leading developers of the computer psychosemantic analysis system (KPSA). An expert in the field of psychodiagnostics at an unconscious level;
    Associate Professor, Department of Psychoecology, Faculty of Retraining of Medical Personnel of RUDN University (2001-2005);
    Lecturer at the training center Cosmetic International. Seminar "Typology of personality and customer behavior" (1998-2001);
    Private psychotherapeutic practice (1998-2003).

    This person did not work for a minute in the service provider. What does he talk about? Dude decided to make a fuss under the now popular Temko? Expert his mother ...

    What other "Internet control"?)) There is no such thing and cannot be.
    Do you have any idea how this works?
    1. vkaplich
      vkaplich 20 November 2013 06: 11
      filtering unencrypted traffic by keywords ... they will find, for example, the words "bomb" or "suicide bomber" or "TNT", look where and where it went from and become interested ... and it works ...
  18. Sergey_K
    Sergey_K 19 November 2013 20: 39
    "The project that DARPA is working on is in many ways similar to what was shown in the fantastic film" Terminator. Judgment Day. "However, according to Igor Nezhdanov, this is no longer a fantasy, but a reality."
    - I'm afraid, I'm afraid.

    Not an article, but a circus. Rather, the desire to earn extra money.
  19. vkaplich
    vkaplich 20 November 2013 06: 08
    In fairness, I would like to note that Russia, in the person of FAPSI, also monitors the traffic of large providers
  20. saag
    saag 20 November 2013 06: 58
    Quote: vkaplich
    that Russia, represented by FAPSI,

    There is no such service now, its functions are performed by the FSO
  21. carbofo
    carbofo 20 November 2013 13: 41
    Spammers would have to be neutered, and hackers of sites that introduce malicious code.