Military Review

Illegal Scout USSR №1

When specialists stories Soviet intelligence agencies or retired agents are asked to name the most highly professional intelligence officer illegal, almost everyone calls Nikolai Kuznetsov. Without in any way questioning their competence, let us ask ourselves: where does this unanimity come from?

Who is illegal intelligence officer

The enlisted agent lives in a country he has known since childhood. His documents are authentic, he doesn’t need to strain himself to remember certain moments of his biography. Another thing - an abandoned reconnaissance illegal. He lives in a foreign country to him, whose language is rarely his mother tongue, everyone around him recognizes a stranger in him. Therefore, an illegal person always impersonates a foreigner. A foreigner is forgiven a lot: he can speak with an accent, not know local customs, be confused in geography. A scout thrown into Germany is impersonating a Baltic German, a legendary agent in Brazil is a Hungarian, a scout living in New York according to documents from a Dane.

There is no greater danger for an illegal alien than to meet a “compatriot”. The slightest inaccuracy can be fatal. Suspicion will be caused by inappropriate pronunciation of the legend (as the natives of Lviv and Kharkiv speak absolutely differently in one Ukrainian language), an error in the gesture (Germans ordering three beer mugs usually throw out the middle, index and big fingers), ignorance of the national subculture (during the Ardensky 1944-1945 operations. Americans split Skorceen’s saboteurs with the question "Who is Tarzan?").

It is simply impossible to foresee all the subtleties of the legend: they will not write in one directory that Gretel, one of the many university lab technicians, is a local celebrity, and it is simply impossible not to know her. Therefore, every extra hour spent in the “countryman” society increases the risk of failure.

His own among strangers

Nikolay Kuznetsov, communicating with the Germansgave himself away for German. From October 1942 to spring 1944, almost 16 months, he was in the Nazis occupied Exactly, rotated in the same circle, constantly expanding the number of contacts. Kuznetsov not only portrayed a German, he became one, he forced himself to even think in German. The SD and the Gestapo became interested in Siebert only after there appeared evidence that the chief lieutenant was related to a series of terrorist acts carried out in Rivne and Lviv. But Paul Siebert, as a German, never aroused suspicion on anyone. Language proficiency, knowledge of German culture, customs, behavior - everything was impeccable.

Illegal Scout USSR №1

And all this despite the fact that Kuznetsov had never been to Germany and had never even traveled outside the USSR. And he worked in occupied Rivne, where every German is in sight, where the SD and the Gestapo work to eliminate the underground, and almost everyone is under suspicion. No other intelligence officer was able to hold out in such conditions for so long, to penetrate so deeply into the environment, to acquire such significant connections. That is why “fighters of the invisible front” unanimously call Kuznetsov an illegal scout No. XXUMX.

Where did he come from?

Yes, really, from where? For most, the biography of the famous scout begins with his appearance in the Medvedev squad in October 1942. Up to this point, Kuznetsov’s life is not just white spots, but a continuous white field. But brilliant scouts do not appear out of nowhere, they are cultivated, they prepare for a long time. Kuznetsov's path to the heights of professionalism was long and not always straightforward.

Nikolay Kuznetsov was born in the village of Zyryanka of the Perm province in 1911 in a peasant family. In his pedigree there are no nobles, no foreigners. Where the boy, who was born in the Permian outback, the talent of a linguist - a mystery. The winds of the revolution threw Nina Avtokratova into the Talitsk seven-year school, educated in Switzerland. She received Nikolai's first German lessons.

But this boy was not enough. His friends were a local pharmacist Austrian Krause and a forester - a former prisoner of the German army, from whom Kuznetsov picked up profanity, which is not found in any German textbook. In the library of the Talitsky Forest Technical School, where he studied, Nikolai discovered the “Encyclopedia of Forestry” in German and translated it into Russian.

The blows of fate

In 1929, Kuznetsov was accused of concealing "White Guard-kulak origin." It is no longer possible to determine what kind of passions were raging in the Talitsky technical school, in which intrigues Kuznetsov found himself involved (his father was neither a fist nor a White Guard), but Nicholas was excluded from the technical school and the Komsomol. Future scout for life remained with incomplete secondary education.

In 1930, Nikolai got a job in land management. Recovered in the Komsomol. Finding that the authorities engaged in theft, said this to the authorities. The plunderers were given 5-8 for years and 1 for Kuznetsov - for a company, however, without a sentence: the punishment was to supervise and retain 15% of earnings (the Soviet government was harsh, but fair). Kuznetsov was re-expelled from the Komsomol.

Freelance agent OGPU

On duty Nicholas traveled through the deaf villages of Komi, simultaneously mastered the local language, started a lot of acquaintances. In June, 1932, the security officer Ovchinnikov drew attention to him, and Kuznetsov became a freelance OGPU agent.

Komi beginning 30-ies was a place of reference fists. The ardent enemies of the Soviet Government and unjustly repressed people fled to the taiga, gathered in gangs, shot postmen, taxi drivers, rural correspondents - everyone who at least represented any kind of power. Kuznetsov himself was attacked. There were uprisings. OGPU needed a local agency. The Kuznetsov forest organizer was involved in creating an agent network and maintaining communication with it. Soon the higher authorities paid attention to him. A talented security officer was taken to Sverdlovsk.

On "Uralmash"

Since 1935, Kuznetsov has been an installer of the design office at Uralmash. A lot of foreign specialists worked at the plant, most of them Germans. Not all foreigners working at the factory were friends of the USSR. Some of them pointedly expressed their sympathies to Hitler.

Among them, Kuznetsov rotated, made acquaintances, exchanged records and books. The duty of the Kolonist agent was to reveal hidden agents among foreign specialists, to stop the recruitment of Soviet employees, to find among the Germans people willing to cooperate with Soviet intelligence.

Along the way, Nikolai perfected his German, learned the habits and manner of behavior peculiar to the Germans. Kuznetsov mastered the six dialects of the German language, learned from the first phrases to determine the places where the interlocutor was born and immediately passed on to his native German, which led him simply to delight. Learned Polish and Esperanto.

Not bypassed Kuznetsova and repression. In 1938, he was arrested and spent several months in prison, but his immediate supervisor managed to beat off his ward.

“He must be taken to Moscow!”

In 1938, to a large Leningrad party official Zhuravlev, who arrived with an inspection in Komi, one of the staff of the NKVD office presented a particularly valuable agent: “Smile, resourceful, initiative. He is fluent in German, Polish, Esperanto, Komi language. Exceptionally effective. ”

Zhuravlev spoke with Kuznetsov for several minutes and immediately called the deputy GUGB of the NKVD, Raikhman: "Leonid Fedorovich, there is a person here - a particularly gifted agent, he must be taken to Moscow." At that moment Reichman had an intelligence officer in his office, who had recently arrived from Germany; Reichman handed him the phone: "Talk." After a few minutes of speaking in German, the scout asked: “Is this a call from Berlin?” Kuznetsov’s fate was decided.

Illegal in his native country

When the head of the secret-political department of the NKVD GUGB, Fedotov, saw the documents of Kuznetsov arriving at him, he grabbed his head: two convictions! Twice expelled from the Komsomol! Yes, such a questionnaire - a direct road to prison, and not to the NKVD! But he also appreciated Kuznetsov’s exceptional abilities and designed him as a “highly classified special agent”, hiding his profile from personnel officers for seven locks in his personal safe.

To save Kuznetsov, they abandoned the procedure for conferring titles and issuing certificates. The special agent was issued a Soviet passport in the name of Rudolf Vilgelmovich Schmidt, according to which the security officer lived in Moscow. So the Soviet citizen Nikolai Kuznetsov was forced to hide in his native country.

Rudolf Schmidt

At the end of the 30s in the USSR, German delegations of all sorts of colorings became frequent: trade, cultural, socio-political, etc. The NKVD understood that the 3 / 4 of these delegations were intelligence officers. Even as part of the crews of Lufthansa, it was not beauty flight attendants who flew, but brave stewards with military bearing, changing every 2-3 flight. (So ​​the Luftwaffe navigators studied the areas of future flights.)

In the circle of this motley public, the Soviet German Schmidt, “yearning for the Fatherland”, rotated, quietly finding out who the Germans breathed, who made contacts with, who they were recruiting. On his own initiative, Kuznetsov got the uniform of the senior lieutenant of the Red Army Air Force and began posing as a test engineer at a closed Moscow factory. Perfect recruiting facility! But often the German agent who had pecked at Schmidt himself became the object of recruitment and returned to Berlin as an NKVD agent.

Kuznetsov-Schmidt led a friendship with diplomats, entered the encirclement of the naval attache of Germany in the USSR. The friendship with the frigate-captain Norbert Baumbakh ended with the opening of the safe of the latter and photographing secret documents. Frequent meetings of Schmidt with the German military attache Ernst Kestring allowed the Chekists to install a wiretap in the apartment of the diplomat.


At the same time, Kuznetsov, who supplied the most valuable information, remained illegal. All proposals from the management to send such a valuable worker to any courses Fedotov stopped at the root, carefully hiding the Schmidt questionnaire from prying eyes. Kuznetsov never passed any courses. Fundamentals of intelligence and conspiracy, recruitment, psychology, photography, car driving, German language and culture - in all areas Kuznetsov was a 100% self-taught.

Kuznetsov was never a member of the party. The mere thought that Kuznetsov would have to tell his party biography on the party bureau threw Fedotova into a cold sweat.

Scout Kuznetsov

Since the beginning of the war, Kuznetsov was enrolled in the “Special Group under the NKVD of the USSR”, headed by Sudoplatov. Nicholas was sent to one of the camps near Moscow for German prisoners of war, where he served several weeks, climbing into the skin of German Lieutenant Paul Siebert. In the summer of 1942, Kuznetsov was sent to Dmitry Medvedev's squad. In the capital of the Reich Commissariat of Exactly Rovno, over the 16 months, the Kuznetsov destroyed the 11 top officials of the occupying administration.

But do not take his work solely as a terrorist. Kuznetsov's main task was to obtain intelligence. He was one of the first to report on the coming offensive of the Nazis on the Kursk Bulge, determined the exact location of Hitler’s Werewolf rate near Vinnitsa. One of the officers of the Abwehr, who owed a large sum of money to Zibert, promised to pay him with Persian carpets, which Kuznetsov reported to the center. In Moscow, the information was taken more than seriously: it was the first news of the preparation by the German special services of Operation Long Jump - the elimination of Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill during the Tehran Conference.

Death and Death Glory

Kuznetsov could not "hold on" forever. The SD and the Gestapo were already looking for a terrorist in the form of a German lieutenant. The officer of the Lvov air force headquarters, shot by him, before his death managed to give the name of the gunman: “Siebert”. Kuznetsova began a real hunt. The scout and two of his comrades left the city and began to make their way to the front line. 9 March 1944 years Nikolai Kuznetsov, Ivan Belov and Jan Kaminsky in sec. Boratin ran into the squad of the UPA and died in battle.

N. Kuznetsov was buried on the Hill of Glory in Lviv. In 1984, a young city in the Rivne region was named after him. Nikolai Kuznetsov was erected monuments in Rivne, Lviv, Yekaterinburg, Tyumen, Chelyabinsk. He became the first foreign intelligence officer to be awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.

And the last bitter

In June, the Lvov authorities decided to dismantle a monument to a Soviet intelligence officer on 1992. On the day of the dismantling of the square was crowded. Many of those who came to the "closing" of the monument did not hide tears.

Through the efforts of comrade Kuznetsov Nikolai Strutinsky and former soldiers of the Medvedev detachment, the Lviv monument was transported to Talitsa, where Kuznetsov lived and studied, and installed in the central square of the city.

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  1. Rinat 1
    Rinat 1 19 November 2013 08: 20
    Glory to the great Scout illegal. And those who dismantled his monument are eternal shame.
    1. Polovec
      Polovec 19 November 2013 19: 02
      Once our pioneer detachment bore the name of Kuznetsov! They knew his biography and exploits. It's a shame that he died at the hands of Bandera bastards!
      Youth in the USSR was brought up on the example of heroes. I wonder who is offered as an example today? Is Serdyukov and Chubais?
    2. StolzSS
      StolzSS 19 November 2013 21: 29
      And dismantlers to Kolyma !!!
  2. Galinanp
    Galinanp 19 November 2013 08: 40
    This talent is from God. One of the heroes of the history of our Fatherland.
  3. Ols76
    Ols76 19 November 2013 09: 10
    Glory to the heroes!
  4. Ahmed Osmanov
    Ahmed Osmanov 19 November 2013 09: 31
    Glory to the Hero! Honestly, even the spirit is fascinating, after all, what were the professionals in the USSR.
    1. knn54
      knn54 19 November 2013 16: 12
      -Akhmed Osmanov; after all, what were the professionals in the USSR.
      “If the USA had such an illegal intelligence service, as in the Soviet Union, with at least 100 people, then America could feel calm” ...
      American intelligence officer, former US resident in India Harry Rosicki
  5. avt
    avt 19 November 2013 10: 22
    Yes ! The scout was from God! And his work was rather well thought out and organized by Sudoplatov. A whole detachment of Colonel Medvedev provided him. But perhaps I do not agree with the name, with all due respect to the heroic deed. We don’t recognize the Scout - Illegal No. 1, such is the tough specifics of their work, those who are successful will never come out of the shadow of the secrecy stamp.
  6. aszzz888
    aszzz888 19 November 2013 10: 44
    The article is good, detailed. Only until now it is not known exactly HOW N. Kuznetsov was killed. The fact that they ran into the OUN was one of the assumptions of his death. But all the same, how unfair is fate to die after such alterations in which the scout participated.
    Everlasting memory!
  7. unclevad
    unclevad 19 November 2013 10: 45
    Unique Man, Hero! I must say that without the help of smart and far-sighted associates, he would never have been able to realize himself and bring so much benefit to our Motherland. Fedotov is no less a Hero; he was threatened with no less danger at that time.
  8. sega72
    sega72 19 November 2013 10: 48
    I am a fellow countryman of Nikolai Ivanovich, we also have the Kuznetsov Museum in Talitsa, recently it is a museum of military intelligence. A man, really a man with a capital letter, Patriot and an example for posterity. We are proud of our fellow countryman. We have many Heroes, and Hero of the Soviet Union pilot Kirilyuk, Hero of the Soviet Union Yuri Islamov, he accomplished his feat during the Afghan war. And this is not all, we have an example to educate the younger generation. But Nikolai Ivanovich Kuznetsov is truly a professional of the highest class and Patriot of his homeland. Eternal glory to the heroes.
  9. Kerch
    Kerch 19 November 2013 11: 37
    "a mistake in gesture (Germans, when ordering three glasses of beer, usually throw out the middle, index and thumb"

    Europeans, when they begin to count on the fingers of their hands, count down from the thumb, and not from the index.
  10. Vadim2013
    Vadim2013 19 November 2013 13: 02
    In July 1981 was in Lviv at his grave. Bright memory to the scout.
  11. smprofi
    smprofi 19 November 2013 13: 47
    When specialists in the history of Soviet special services or retired agents are asked to name the most highly professional illegal intelligence officer

    let's take it in order.
    called because it is famous. about highly professional illegal scout you just never know. and no one, being in their right mind, will tell. ideally, a high-level professional will quietly retire quietly. it is ideal. and if the enemy’s counterintelligence does not know how to work. in fact, an active scout is being calculated. how long, short, but this happens, this is the specifics of the work.
    without detracting from Kuznetsov’s merits, neither his feat, nor professionalism, let's call a spade a spade: Kuznetsov was not a scout, Kuznetsov was a saboteur. the scout's task is to gather information, destroy someone or something ... well, it's like hammering nails with a microscope or "cutting" wood with a scalpel. Kuznetsov was a professional saboteur and became famous precisely for the destruction, and not for the collection of information.

    By the way, the author of the article with terminology is quite tight: what kind of goblin Kuznetsov is called a terrorist, and his actions are terrorist attacks? terrorist attacks are against civilians in peacetime. and against the enemy, yes during the war - this sabotage.
    1. avt
      avt 19 November 2013 16: 37
      Quote: smprofi
      called because it is famous. you’ll never know about a highly professional illegal scout. and no one, being in their right mind, will tell.

      Yes .
      Quote: smprofi
      : Kuznetsov was not a scout, Kuznetsov was a saboteur. the task of a scout is to collect information, destroy someone or something ...

      But here I do not agree. Even before the war in Moscow, he began working at the German embassy precisely as a scout - he was illegal.
      Quote: smprofi
      destroying someone or something ... well, it's like hammering nails with a microscope or cutting wood with a scalpel.

      Even in Medvedev's memoirs it slips that the task of destroying the top German leadership was "lowered" from above, so the question is more likely to Sudoplatov and those who set the task for Sudoplatov and how it was mentioned that reproaches for unsuccessful execution of operations, an unsuccessful attempt on life without liquidating the object , the moment when he confused the object of liquidation, Kuznetsov himself said that he was a scout and not a saboteur. It seems that the task of active measures came from the very top, and there were simply no performers on the spot except Kuznetsov. There was a very difficult situation, according to Medvedev's recollections, almost like the territory of Germany, the Germans felt very at ease, it was not in vain that Hitler's rate was there. By the way, it was these actions that "burned" his legend of implementation by raising "on the ears" of the Germans.
      1. smprofi
        smprofi 19 November 2013 17: 37
        Quote: avt
        there Hitler’s rate was

        the headquarters was near Vinnitsa, and Kuznetsov "worked" in Rovno and the surrounding area. a little wrong.
        Quote: avt
        in Moscow, he began to work at the German embassy precisely as a scout - illegal.

        this is not an illegal scout, but undercover work. a little bit wrong.

        Quote: avt
        It was these actions that "burned" his legend of implementation by raising "on the ears" of the Germans.

        these stocks have greatly accelerated the failure. and an active intelligence officer (the one that gives out information) is calculated according to anyone. just when there is a leak in one direction, there is certainly a leak in the other. or, even if there is no backward leak of information, then according to the actions of the enemy it is calculated that he knew or not. as soon as there is evidence of a leak, counterintelligence is on its ears. and just a matter of time to figure out the agent. By the way, the more information the scout transmits, the faster it is calculated.

        Quote: avt
        they let him down

        Medvedev read. a long time ago. and did not pay attention to these things. in general ... I don’t really want to discuss it
        1. avt
          avt 19 November 2013 18: 21
          Quote: smprofi
          the shop was near Vinnitsa, and Kuznetsov "worked" in Rovno and the surrounding area. a little wrong.

          Yes, that’s true, but on the whole, Medvedev assessed the situation in the region exactly that way, in particular, the behavior of the Germans in Rivne almost literally resulted.
          Quote: smprofi
          it’s not an illegal scout, but undercover work. a little bit wrong.

          ,, Sophistry, pastor. " laughing Yes, he began an agent with a legend that a German, a lover of ballerinas.
          Quote: smprofi
          I don’t really want to discuss it

          Well, we will not. Although I will probably look through the memoirs of Sudoplatov, how the theme prompted me, I wanted to "refresh" once again about the preparation of an attempt on Hitler's life.
          1. smprofi
            smprofi 19 November 2013 18: 31
            Quote: avt
            ,, Sophistry, pastor. "

            maybe ... although I would call terminology.
            we begin to confuse concepts and definitions - we confuse tasks and execution.

            Here's what else I forgot: there is such a photo

            From left to right: Nikolay Kuznetsov, commissar of the partisan detachment Stekhov, Nikolay Struutinsky

            Nikolay Strutinsky - was also illegal because as said made contact between the partisan detachment of Dmitry Medvedev and the underground Nikolai Ostafov.

            so, such photos are the height of unprofessionalism. all the more so to do them on enemy territory.
            1. Fedya
              Fedya 19 November 2013 23: 02
              And can anyone discern something here? For me it’s like an officer of some sort Ditman, a prisoner and Lavrenty Palych!
    2. The comment was deleted.
  12. mountain
    mountain 19 November 2013 14: 34
    And, I’m talking about something else, to go through so much from the advice and remain faithful. That's what is striking. Honor and glory to such people.
  13. atos_kin
    atos_kin 19 November 2013 16: 11
    Without such people as the head of the secret political department of the GUGB of the NKVD Fedotov, who took responsibility (and that at that time), the fate of Nikolai Ivanovich Kuznetsov would have been different. It is a pity that the article does not even mention his name and patronymic.
  14. aud13
    aud13 19 November 2013 16: 14
    I read it once and was surprised - there is so much new about Kuznetsov in such a small article.
    I didn’t want to write anything, but then I walked around a bit and some thoughts began to come to my head.
    Well, firstly, the question of ability and education. It’s interesting - there are no noble blood in the family, I haven’t studied at prestigious institutes, but it seems that by its abilities I could give odds to many. I recall a recent article from the Military Review which described the plane that erroneously flies to Sakhalin with US marines. There, in particular, it was talked about how these Marines could not understand what an English teacher who was asked to become a translator was telling them.
    Apparently, in childhood, all the same, in the life of Kuznetsov there were TEACHER people (with a capital letter) who noticed abilities in him and tried to reveal them.
    The second thing I would like to note is that how much Kuznetsov could have done if his abilities were used to their fullest. Unfortunately, many talented people in Russia were lost at that time.
    Was it necessary to use Kuznetsov as a liquidator of the highest officers of the Wehrmacht?
    The issue is controversial. Maybe it made sense to use it for purely intelligence purposes. And to use other specialists to carry out sabotage tasks? In this case, valuable information could be obtained until the end of the war. And after its completion it would be nice to leave Kuznetsov on the "other" side.
    And the fact that the two criminal convictions are certainly shocking of course.
    I remember reading once a book written by the Prime Minister of Singapore Lee Kuan Yew "From the Third World to the First" and there was a very interesting description of the approach to finding the leaders of the future. In Singapore, it turns out that this process was not left to chance. Already in schools, they began to select the smartest guys and girls and help them get an excellent education. Well, in the future, they were entrusted with important and interesting posts, gradually moving up the career ladder.
    Compared as we have it and somehow it became sad. I can’t say for the whole of Russia, it’s big (somewhere it’s better somewhere else worse), but here in Yekaterinburg, when my daughter went to school, her friends described the situation as follows.
    There are three types of schools (lyceums):
    1. Elite passing score is the state of the wallet, or the bosses weight of parents (grandparents);
    2. An ordinary school in which children of parents study, which can be attributed to the middle class;
    3. School - sucks, in which children of migrants study, as well as our compatriots not belonging to the first two groups.
    I wonder how you think dear forum users - whether such a system of education will be able to reveal the potential of students, regardless of the state of their parents' wallets.
    It seems logical from the point of view of the state’s interests to select capable children (even 5-10%) in the elementary grades and to teach them separately at school and at the institute. And after graduation, distribute to significant state enterprises, design bureaus, institutes, etc. (naturally, with good pay).
    1. sergey32
      sergey32 19 November 2013 21: 11
      Regarding our education, you are absolutely right, unfortunately. We do not have Singapore, the selection in our system is rather negative. Clever, but not thieves are eliminated. If you are interested, read my article on this site "Who will join the ranks".
      1. aud13
        aud13 19 November 2013 22: 20
        Good evening Sergey!
        I read your article and comments on it.
        Yes, of course, this is something unimaginable. In my opinion, any sane educational institution should cling to both cadets with gold medals and excellent athletic form with both hands. After all, they can be trained faster and better than a thief who already at the age of 18 has no interest and incentives, because everything has already been planned and decided for him.
        It turns out that the situation is even worse than under Stalin. Indeed, judging by this article, then Nikolai Kuznetsov was repeatedly promoted "up", even despite his convictions and lack of education and connections.
        You and your daughter are respected both for their position and achievements.
        It seems for some reason that you will not lower your head. This is just another exam, and for one beaten they give two unbeaten. Good luck
  15. MKS
    MKS 19 November 2013 16: 27
    I myself am from Rivne, lived there mainly in Soviet times. Therefore, I heard and know a lot about Kuznetsov. The older he got, the more questions arose: why did such a professional need to shoot off some minor fascist officials (with the exception of the operation with General Ilgen) in order to risk himself, in fact, being a suicide bomber? What was the point of this? After such attacks, the Nazis shot dozens, if not hundreds, of hostages, among whom were not only Bandera (Kuznetsov tossed OUN-UPA documents at the site of the attacks), but also many innocent civilians. It is this fact that the current descendants of Bandera use to discredit the name of Kuznetsov, the activities of the Medvedev detachment. And last year I came across in a bookstore in Rivne Knizhonka, where it is stated in a peculiar artistic and documentary form: that Kuznetsov was nevertheless taken prisoner by Bandera (Bandera actively collaborated and looked for him together with the Germans), without special efforts from the Security Council he allegedly betrayed all he could; was then shot and, having previously concreted, was buried in some kind of deaf ravine. The last Bandera man, who knew where Kuznetsov was buried, died only a few years ago, without showing this place to anyone, so as not to expose his relatives to very probable danger. Therefore, whose remains are in the grave in Lviv is unknown.
    Today in Rivne nothing reminds of Kuznetsov, except for his bust, reinstalled from one of the squares of the city to a military cemetery. The street has been renamed. In the former house-museum some private trading company lives. The memorial plaque was removed from the house where his friend-comrade-in-arms lived. About 12 years ago with my son were in the tract Lopaten, where during the war there was a base of the Medvedev detachment. Even then, there was complete desolation, half-collapsed dugouts, and I could not find the Kuznetsov dugout. The same sad picture was on the site of the partisan detachment located somewhere between Sarny and Kovel (in my opinion, this was the base of the Rudnev detachment) - the same desolation and devastation.
  16. tank64rus
    tank64rus 19 November 2013 18: 22
    1. VARCHUN
      VARCHUN 19 November 2013 22: 12
      Scouts, since Kuznetsov was not the only one, and each made his own contribution.
      1. воронов
        воронов 21 November 2013 17: 59
        Quote: Varchun
        Scouts, since Kuznetsov was not the only one, and each made his own contribution.

        But people like Kuznetsov can be counted on the fingers.
  17. воронов
    воронов 19 November 2013 19: 17
    A good article, but the author does not fully understand the specifics. He confuses agents with employees of the OGPU, later the NKVD. In the OGPU, the NKVD there were never "freelance agents", there were just agents and they were all regular, they were not entitled to special and military ranks, they were not sent to study and other "refresher courses", convictions and other flaws in their biography did not play a special role, but with the obligatory consideration of this they were used for operational work in one environment or another. So Kuznetsov was always an agent and never an employee, in the organs he did not have any special or military ranks, but this does not detract from his talent, courage and the highest professionalism.
  18. voliador
    voliador 19 November 2013 22: 51
    And how many of these people who risked everything during the war for the sake of victory, remained unknown heroes?
  19. opkozak
    opkozak 19 November 2013 23: 07
    Quote: smprofi
    What the hell is Kuznetsov called a terrorist, and his actions are terrorist attacks? terrorist attacks are against civilians in peacetime. and against the enemy, yes, during the war - this is sabotage.

    The funeral of Otto Bauer and Heinrich Schneider after the assassination of Kuznetsov / Early on the morning of February 9, 1944 Kuznetsov shot the vice-governor of Galicia Otto Bauer and the chief of the Chancellery of the Galician administration, Heinrich Schneider - at their residence opposite the house of Ivan Franko
    1. воронов
      воронов 21 November 2013 18: 00
      Quite a positive shot laughing
    2. воронов
      воронов 21 November 2013 18: 02
      To the point, Kuznetsov carried out reconnaissance and sabotage missions soldier
  20. unknown
    unknown 24 November 2013 12: 01
    There is a version that Kuznetsov’s excellent command of German is due to the fact that German was a native language for Kuznetsov.
  21. mithridate
    mithridate 24 November 2013 18: 29
    Quote: voliador
    And how many of these people who risked everything during the war for the sake of victory, remained unknown heroes?

    tens of thousands of such unknown heroes won a victory
  22. xomaNN
    xomaNN 1 December 2013 20: 00
    As a child, I reread a book about those events "It was near Rovno". Memoirs-a profit, which were read more captivatingly invented by the militants. It was especially bitter that he was killed by OUN-Bandera. And they, or rather their last ones, are trying to root out his exploits from the memory, desecrating his monument. So let this monument already stand where people live who remember their heroes.
  23. xomaNN
    xomaNN 1 December 2013 20: 00
    As a child, I reread a book about those events "It was near Rovno". Memoirs-a profit, which were read more captivatingly invented by the militants. It was especially bitter that he was killed by OUN-Bandera. And they, or rather their last ones, are trying to root out his exploits from the memory, desecrating his monument. So let this monument already stand where people live who remember their heroes.
  24. kelevra
    kelevra 26 December 2013 23: 20
    We were still told about him at school! Now those who do not remember about him for the census of history! Heroes must be remembered, they gave us life!
  25. catapractic
    catapractic 28 December 2013 17: 54
    I would call him the number one scout, saboteur, because the number one scouts were Sorge, Abel, Trepper, Young ... and many other names we may never recognize.
  26. viewer petrovich
    viewer petrovich 2 December 2019 14: 54
    Another legend covered by certain facts from Soviet publications. A person who is not a native speaker cannot easily impersonate a native. America is not an example, it is a planetary flea market, and illegal immigrants to European countries were sent through the metropolis. Germany of the 30-40s was secure on this side and only native Germans or the Baltic states could gain a foothold in it (the latter were not very trusted). In addition to the language, one had to know the etiquette, customs and subtleties of behavior of officers-natives from different social strata, non-observance of which led to immediate suspicion and arrest. Of course, heroes are needed, but real, not invented for the sake of ideology. I was especially delighted with the passport who had never been in my hands, and judging by the text of other documents he did not have.