After familiarizing himself with the “housing inheritance” inherited from former Minister Anatoly Serdyukov, Army General Sergei Shoigu in December 2012 offered Vladimir Putin a new solution to the old problem: from January 2014, start providing housing for servicemen by providing a lump sum cash payment. The president approved this approach as a priority form of housing. Speaking at 27 in February of this year at an expanded meeting of the board of the Ministry of Defense, Vladimir Putin considered it necessary to draw the attention of the leadership of the military department only to the need to "completely eliminate the waiting list and provide everyone with apartments, all." On the new timing, he kept silent. They were voiced at the hearings of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation on the issue “On public control over the implementation of state programs for the provision of housing for servicemen” in early October, Director of the Department of Housing (JO) of the Defense Ministry Sergei Pirogov: “By the end of 2013, we plan to provide 21 400 people the moment of his performance in the queue stood 40 400 people. - N.К.). Mainly in the cities of the Moscow region: Balashikha, Podolsk, Mytischi, as well as in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Rostov-on-Don, Novorossiysk and some other localities. ” The rest, according to the official, is supposed to be provided next year: “Those soldiers who were registered before this date (January 1, 2014 of the year. - N.К.) will be offered apartments. If everything goes as planned, the task of providing permanent accommodation to military personnel by the end of the year should be completed. "
It seems that the head of JO did not accidentally make a reservation “if everything goes as planned”. It happens smoothly only on paper, but in life, for some reason, plans are not always fulfilled.
Attempts by the military department that are extremely ambiguous from the legal point of view to deprive the servicemen of the right to choose the form of housing, and to get the right to impose either money or housing. And to impose sanctions at least for a single refusal of a person from the living quarters imposed on him.
However, let us turn to the problems of servicemen waiting for apartments. Today we can definitely say that in December 2012, Sergei Shoigu did the right thing, frankly warning the Supreme Commander about the impossibility of the military department in time to fulfill his decree. So it happened. On the true reasons for the failure of the deadlines set by presidential decree, officials of the Ministry of Defense are trying to keep quiet. A number of experts claim that they failed because of the housing policy of ex-defense minister Anatoly Serdyukov, who, allegedly trying to save money, bought and built apartments with violations of the RF Urban Planning Code, without infrastructure and taking into account the legal rights of servicemen to choose a place of residence, which led to completely legitimate their refusals to move into dwellings with poor construction quality, and often with a lack of social infrastructure. As a result of erroneous management decisions, 59,6 thousand “unfinished and located in unfit for life” apartments remained uninhabited, for the maintenance of which the military department is forced to incur additional expenses.
Take for example the Moscow neighborhood Molzhaninovo, which appeared at the behest of ex-minister Anatoly Serdyukov and the decision of the Office of State Architectural and Construction Supervision of the Russian Ministry of Defense without the permission of local authorities to build in the Podrezkovo industrial zone, where the construction of residential premises is expressly prohibited by the Town Planning Code of Russia. There are no social, cultural, and sports facilities in the neighborhood, and the military prosecutor’s office of the garrison revealed various violations during the construction phase. But officials of the Ministry of Defense, apparently, had other approaches. Therefore, there is nothing surprising in the fact that due to the ambiguity of the legal status of the premises, the lack of infrastructure and control over the quality of construction, as well as the construction of housing in the airport zone, many military personnel refuse to provide the apartments provided here. And those who agreed and signed social renting or property agreements cannot enter their apartments for more than half a year due to the lack of permission to move in.
It is known that in case of concluding a contract of social hiring (property), a soldier will be discharged into the reserve and, accordingly, will legally require the release of service housing. Where should he live? This issue of officials worries the least, they have their own headache: how to quickly report on the number of “managers” who have been transferred to the reserve. And they, such nasty, refuse from apartments in the capital itself and thereby spoil all reporting. Why not offer the servicemen housing that is already available to the department in the well-developed districts of the capital, or “loosen up” the so-called “listener fund”? There is no answer to this question.
Instead of a comprehensive and systematic work, an individual approach to each waiting list, the desire to find an acceptable solution for both parties, the staff of JO are trying to shift the problems from a sore head to a healthy one. They convince the leadership of the Ministry of Defense and the general public that low-quality apartments “in the open field”, built in places for which the military have never written reports, are poorly populated because of the waiting people themselves. They, you see, "are not satisfied with the floor, insolation, the north side slamming the door." Of course, among the servicemen there are too picky characters, but they do not do the weather. In this case, it would be appropriate to mention the adage about one black sheep, spoiling the whole herd. However, in JO and other departments they prefer to cut everything with the same comb. The queues, in turn, accuse employees of the Department of Housing in the absence of a transparent queue for residential premises and concealing objective information about the housing to be distributed. It should be recalled here that the right of citizens to information is one of the most important political and personal rights of a person and citizen and is guaranteed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
For the sake of objectivity, it should be said that attempts to establish a dialogue with the public "on the housing issue" were made by the team of Sergei Shoigu. 20 February 2013 was a year of large-scale public hearings on housing issues for military personnel with the participation of two deputy defense ministers, Nikolai Pankov and Ruslan Tsalikov. Ruslan Tsalikov, Deputy Minister of Defense, and Sergei Pirogov, the new head of the JO, actively spoke in the media. Hearings at the October 1 Public Chamber The 2013 of the year was posted on the official website of the Public Chamber. Representatives of the public - the waiting list officers began to attend the meetings of the working group of the Ministry of Defense on housing for military personnel. However, gradually, officials of the Ministry of Defense, responsible for housing, “turned” public discourse on this issue and began to hold events in a narrower circle. The heads of the relevant departments of the ministry, without valid excuse, began to ignore the meetings of the working group or to come unprepared to the answers to the questions they had previously given them. The already meager stream of information on housing has almost completely dried up. Moreover, at the end of October, for the unknown reasons, the most active members of the working group were blocked with passes to enter the department building, and they could not participate in a number of meetings. Maybe the Defense Ministry leadership will be able to explain to the individual negligent officials the need and importance of a dialogue with the broad masses of military personnel, will be able to convey to them the idea that his policy of openness on critical social issues is not campaigning, but a long-term strategy.
Despite some positive developments, today it can be stated that the need of servicemen of the waiting list for complete and objective information remained unmet because it was submitted selectively and incompletely. For example, from a meeting of the working group that took place on 18 in July of 2013, it became known about the planned dates and number of apartments for transmission in August and December of the current year “from builders to the Ministry of Defense for distribution” to one of the addresses in south-west Moscow. People were delighted. August has come - and silence. In September, after the next meeting of the working group, the waiting list was informed about the readiness of apartments for settlement in November-December. But so far there is no information about the distribution of apartments.
INFORMATION INFORMATION RESOURCE
The page “Housing for servicemen” on the official website of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation does not add clarity. Referring to the active link “List of objects of the permanent housing stock of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, planned for distribution to military personnel in October 2013 of the year”, we count 27 subjects of the Federation in which housing for the military is being built. Along the way, we note that Moscow and St. Petersburg are not on this list. Let's open the Moscow region, which Sergey Pirogov was one of the first at the hearing. And what do we see? Only addresses and space ranges of free 2- and 3-room apartments in Balashikha, Voskresensk, Yegoryevsk and Serpukhov. There is no information on those named by the head of the department Podolsk and Mytishchi. About new buildings in Novorossiysk, Krasnodar Territory - no more information.
The site does not have information on how many apartments are distributed in October, which apartments will be distributed in the current month and where. Why? The answer to get a "mere mortal" is very difficult - first try to call Joe, and if you call him, no one guarantees a competent answer. But after all, the page “Housing for servicemen” can be the platform that will allow to satisfy information needs and thereby save JO employees from calls from irritated waiting lists. But, as we see, this page of the official Internet resource does not allow the soldier to realize the right to receive information affecting their constitutional right to freely choose their place of residence (clause 1. Art. 27 of the RF Constitution).
Of course, if desired, it was possible to fill the page with information on a wide range of housing problems. But if that is not available and the legislation does not hang with the sword of Damocles, then you can especially not try. Indeed, in most federal laws aimed at regulating information relations, there are no rules obliging state authorities to ensure access to every citizen to publicly available information resources they form. Thus, as long as the lawmakers do not oblige, it will be difficult to get the Ministry of Defense to place on its information resource complete and reliable information about the provision of housing for military personnel. In this case, the servicemen will think: if the information is hidden from them, it means either they don’t want to advertise their poor quality work, or they are engaged in fraud. Both equally harm the image of the military department.
And finally, as follows from the conclusion of the Accounts Chamber on the draft amendments to the federal budget for 2013 and the planned period 2014 – 2015, over the 9 months of 2013, the Ministry of Defense spent 7,4% on the construction of housing. The question arises: are the officials of the Ministry of Defense going to fulfill the presidential decree No. 604?