Military Review

The main vector of development of Russia

34
The creation and formation of an innovative economy requires strict consolidation of the efforts of science and education, business and the state


28 – 30 October The 2013 of Moscow hosted the international business congress, Security and Protection of the Individual, Society and the State, in Moscow. An adviser to the commander-in-chief of the internal troops of the Russian Interior Ministry, chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (2004 – 2008), deputy secretary of the Security Council (2008 – 2012), Army General Yury Baluyevsky made a report at its opening.

Russia faces today the inevitability of finding adequate answers to the main challenges of the time related to protecting the country's sovereignty, its defense and competitiveness, ensuring strategic positions in the world. That’s what Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin said at the beginning of 2000’s: “Either a strong Russia, or there will be none.”

We will not find an answer to these challenges - we will turn into a raw materials appendage, periphery, serving the world economy.

Answer the challenges of time

The inevitability and the need for further innovative development of Russia is evident today more than ever. The country continues to lose technology, personnel, human capital. But the presence of the richest resources, a high level of education in general, a favorable geographical and geopolitical location, other objective indicators simply oblige Russia to be among the leaders of the world economy.

The main vector of development of RussiaBut these advantages practically do not work in terms of the prevailing export of raw materials. We need to take the path of creating a highly developed economy, where innovation product and innovative growth are in the first place. This is one of the most important conditions for the diversification of the economy, its liberation from commodity dependence. Unfortunately, the number of so-called deficiently developing regions of Russia is large. If in 2008 their year was 57, then in 2010 it became 63.

The differences between the subjects of the Russian Federation in terms of the main indicator - the gross domestic product per capita - have not yet been eliminated. This is because business in Russia mainly invests money in short-term projects that pay off in a maximum of three to five years. For more no one swings, not wanting to risk.

Another reason is the corruption of officials. It is like an anti-tank ditch on the way to a new economy, investing in it. But corruption is essentially a state crime, and the measures for such an act should be appropriate. Unfortunately, the number of corruption crimes detected in the country is growing annually by about 10 percent, and their volume is equivalent to 35 – 40 billions of dollars. Corruption today is one of the main threats to the security of the state, the most serious disease of society, indicating not only the systemic violation of laws in the country, but also the lost spiritual and moral norms that ensure law-abiding behavior of citizens.

In other developed countries with corrupt do not stand on ceremony. In China, in 2008 – 2012, only 650 – 25 cases were filed for personnel only, 30 – XNUMX thousands were brought to court. And the court there, as we know, is very strict - a head from the shoulders or a long prison term. In China, the costs of delegations, trips abroad, banquets, and the purchase of expensive items are also significantly reduced.

We live in an era of high-tech, high-tech, the further development of which requires more and more investments, including training. Today the volume of funds invested in the most developed countries in the training of scientists, engineers, technicians, highly skilled workers, exceeds the value of fixed production assets. That is, it was human capital that became the determining factor for development here. And we have? How and where have we invested our resources over the past 20 years?

Countdown

Negative moments in the preparation and reproduction of scientific personnel in Russia have accumulated for a long time. But the most destructive blow was struck in the 90s, as a result of which the cyclic reproduction of frames was disrupted. Even then, analysis showed that the decade in which we now live will be the most difficult for scientists. Having been five or ten years behind the leading countries with the adoption of a nanotechnology program, we were even more late in taking measures for its staffing.

In the period of world transformation, our country in the last decade of the twentieth century moved in the opposite direction. The reduction in science spending was three times higher than the decline in GDP. In 1999, the expenses of all Russia on R & D were less than those of some of the world's leading companies. In monetary terms, this fall amounted to 43,3 billion rubles. As a result, the accumulated potential of scientific research has been largely spent. The gap between the generations is growing due to the discontinuity in obtaining practical and scientific knowledge.

The twentieth century was defined as the golden age of science and technology. And today science is one of the most important national treasures of any state. The level of its potential is the foundation for sustainable development. This is an axiom. A country that does not conduct scientific research, is not developing and introducing new technologies into the economy, risks losing its independence. In the same China, the goal of scientific and technological development before the 2020 year is defined as the construction of a state oriented towards innovation. Timing and indicators for achieving this goal are clearly marked:

  • increase of funds allocated for science to 2,5 percent of GDP;
  • bringing the share of the contribution of technological development in GDP to 60 percent;
  • reduction of dependence on foreign technologies to 30 percent.

    In 1995, Russia and China had roughly the same starting conditions. Almost equal - on the order of 1,5 trillion dollars - gross products. Now China’s GDP is about nine trillion dollars, Russia is just over two trillion.

    Today we have adopted a number of serious program documents aimed at developing the economy, business, and private state partnership. Unfortunately, they do not sufficiently take into account those negative changes, primarily of a qualitative nature, that have occurred and continue to occur in the country's economy. The analysis and forecast of the development of domestic science are not taken into account in detail. Moreover, judgments about the lagging of Russian science from the world science are being thrown into society, proposals to stop our research and development at all and to use the achievements of world science. Or develop natural resources using the best foreign technologies.

    Such reasoning, as well as relevant advice from abroad, contributes to further reducing the scientific and technical potential, turning Russia into a raw materials appendage of developed countries. Who is responsible for the unsatisfactory innovative development of our country? Many believe that science. However, foreign business shows keen interest in Russian science and our scientists, including young ones, actively inviting the best graduates of Russian universities to work in leading foreign corporations. Domestic entrepreneurs to them, unfortunately, are indifferent.

    The goal of science, especially applied science, is the solution of the tasks constantly arising before it for the development of new scientific and practical knowledge. And the goal of business in Russia is to get the maximum profit in the shortest possible time with minimal risks. How do these goals relate to each other and the innovative development of science?

    Independence of scientific thought

    China began economic reform in 1978. Then, with some skepticism, we watched as the Chinese tried to increase the volume of smelted metal in semi-hand-made blast furnaces, struggled with sparrows ... It all seemed rather ridiculous. But today in the Chinese economy everything is liberalized, the market volume is much higher than ours, and the reforms are permanent. In Russia, under the Gaidar government, in less than two years, they turned to market relations, which were based, in my opinion, only on price increases. This led to the gangster capitalized market.

    The Chinese consistently go to their dream. By 2020, the creation of a small welfare society. To 2030-th - society of universal prosperity. To 2050-th - society welfare. We should not blindly copy their path, but it is possible and necessary to learn from their experience.

    The development and creation of an innovative economy in Russia requires tight, clear consolidation of the efforts of all participants in the process - science and education, business and the state. In this case, the target setting for all participants should be as follows. The goal of science is to solve the problems of knowledge and obtaining new knowledge, including the creation of innovative resources for the implementation of innovations in Russia. The goal of the business is to obtain maximum profits based on innovations, to achieve the specific advantages of the country as a whole for the sake of the same profits. The purpose of the state is to create favorable conditions, including tax, for the first two participants. But the return from science will be possible only with its integration with education, which is extremely important during the transition of the Russian Federation to a new technological order. Only this will help create favorable conditions for high competitiveness in the global economy.

    The role of the state in our time does not die off, but grows. It appears in a new quality and should adjust its attitude to the motivation of innovative activity (in terms of its activity and business responsibility). The state is called upon to motivate society, the economy and business to create know-how, to help commercialize production and consumption. In the USA, for example, the state budget provides 90 percent financing for industries such as materials science, bio- and nanotechnology, aviationspace. Such closely affiliated with the state structures as DARPA work for the same.

    The country needs to actively create and own production of innovative products. The process of innovation development in Russia largely depends on the participation of the state in its organization.

    When I was deputy secretary of the Security Council, we developed a draft Concept for the development of military science for the period up to 2020. The main version was prepared by the Ministry of Education. Its meaning was that everything would ruin the market. The role of the state, thus, was reduced to zero. As practice has shown, this is an erroneous approach. In no way should one rely solely on the independence and sufficiency of the business.

    We need priority sustainable activities of the state to support all R & D and innovation, based on a well-established tax base of investments. A strong state should focus on controlling all participants in the innovation process, executing laws and its own obligations to finance research, widespread use of concessional lending, especially priority scientific research, and enhancing the role of material and moral incentives.

    In Russia, science and high technology are provided and developed by talented scientists, designers, developers, engineers, highly skilled workers. But the age resources of the older generation are almost exhausted. Who will inherit their knowledge and experience? Can I catch up? The future of the country depends on the solution of these issues as well.

    As the greatest Russian scientist, Academician Vladimir Vernadsky, said, a country that does not work independently in the field of scientific thought, but only assimilates education, someone else’s work, is a country of the dead. We need to do everything to preserve and develop the scientific potential of Russia - the most valuable wealth of the people.
  • Originator:
    http://vpk-news.ru/
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    1. kartalovkolya
      kartalovkolya 14 November 2013 12: 28
      +6
      Everything is correct, but I would like it not to "chatter" once again good proposals and ideas. But as in Chernomyrdin: "We wanted the best, but it turned out as always!"
      1. Vadivak
        Vadivak 14 November 2013 15: 26
        11
        Quote: ...
        In China, the costs of delegations, trips abroad, banquets, and the purchase of expensive things were also significantly reduced.


        The Presidential Administration of Russia will purchase 170 cars worth over 332 million rubles. The corresponding application was posted on the government procurement portal for the needs of the Federal State Budgetary Institution Transport Combine Russia. Buying one car will cost no more than 1,95 million rubles. Moreover, the requirements for cars indicate the presence of an engine with a power of at least 204 hp, 8 -staged automatic gearbox, fog lights, heated front seats, cruise control, color display, other options.

        According to representatives of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, this purchase is planned, since during intensive use the service life of one such car is no more than 3-5 years.
        1. Airman
          Airman 14 November 2013 15: 36
          +5
          Quote: Vadivak
          Quote: ...
          In China, the costs of delegations, trips abroad, banquets, and the purchase of expensive things were also significantly reduced.


          The Presidential Administration of Russia will purchase 170 cars worth over 332 million rubles. The corresponding application was posted on the government procurement portal for the needs of the Federal State Budgetary Institution Transport Combine Russia. Buying one car will cost no more than 1,95 million rubles. Moreover, the requirements for cars indicate the presence of an engine with a power of at least 204 hp, 8 -staged automatic gearbox, fog lights, heated front seats, cruise control, color display, other options.

          According to representatives of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, this purchase is planned, since during intensive use the service life of one such car is no more than 3-5 years.

          In 3-5 years I would buy this second-hand car from them for 500 rubles, but they will "fly away" on their own.
        2. Alexander Romanov
          Alexander Romanov 14 November 2013 15: 43
          +8
          Quote: Vadivak
          According to representatives of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, this purchase is planned, since during intensive use the service life of one such car is no more than 3-5 years.

          Vadim, make inquiries about where the sale of old wheelbarrows is going on, we’ll take it. laughing
          1. Airman
            Airman 14 November 2013 16: 02
            10
            Quote: Alexander Romanov
            Quote: Vadivak
            According to representatives of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, this purchase is planned, since during intensive use the service life of one such car is no more than 3-5 years.

            Vadim, make inquiries about where the sale of old wheelbarrows is going on, we’ll take it. laughing

            Here for the IEF in St. Petersburg bought a large batch of executive class Mercedes. He sat in one of them during the forum, talked with the driver. After the forum they were sold at a private auction. So the turn is not of us, but of those close to the authorities.
            1. Nick
              Nick 14 November 2013 21: 56
              0
              Quote: Povshnik
              I sat in one of them during the forum, talked with the driver. After the forum they were sold at a private auction. So the turn is not of us, but of those close to the authorities.

              We will overcome the shortcomings in the work of the government ... laughing
          2. Vadivak
            Vadivak 14 November 2013 16: 06
            +5
            Quote: Alexander Romanov
            Vadim, make inquiries where there is a sale of old wheelbarrows, we will take


            Here Glory has already written where.
            Quote: Povshnik
            they "scatter" on their own.
            not only for 500 tyrov but for the residual as a bucket with spare parts
          3. Ascetic
            Ascetic 14 November 2013 16: 14
            +4
            Quote: Alexander Romanov
            Vadim, make inquiries about where the sale of old wheelbarrows is going on, we’ll take it.

            it's easier to buy a cool series number. I do not advise taking cars. In Soviet times, it was a prestige to have a decommissioned car from a special garage. Now both drivers and employees of the special garage and bosses are interested in the breakdown of cars. This is repair, spare parts and write-off of budget money! There, they completely kill cars in 3 years.
        3. Ascetic
          Ascetic 14 November 2013 16: 03
          +4
          Quote: Vadivak
          during intensive use, the service life of one such car is not more than 3-5 years.


          According to a representative of the Rosno insurance company, in 2010, cars serving the president’s business were involved in the accident 218 times (!), And the entire fleet has 635 cars.
          1. Vadivak
            Vadivak 14 November 2013 16: 10
            +3
            Quote: Ascetic
            cars serving the president’s affairs crashed 218 times


            This is to be better written off, such as auto trash

            Quote: Ascetic
            and the entire park has 635 cars.

            (including buses and trucks), in five convoys, as well as river vessels.
          2. Alexander Romanov
            Alexander Romanov 14 November 2013 17: 34
            +1
            Quote: Ascetic
            had an accident 218 times (!), and the entire fleet has 635 cars.

            Every third is beaten, and show-offs, as they cut into new ones.
        4. vadimN
          vadimN 14 November 2013 17: 03
          +3
          There is a good bureaucratic car called "Volga"! To transplant them all by force on him. What? Bad car? so do something for the development of the automotive industry to become good! Its car industry, not German ...
          1. Alexander Romanov
            Alexander Romanov 14 November 2013 17: 35
            +3
            Quote: vadimN
            There is a good bureaucratic car called "Volga"!

            If it were such a Volga, maybe I myself took winked
            1. vadimN
              vadimN 14 November 2013 17: 52
              +3
              Yes .. it looks good ... If the workmanship is also consistent - I will join you :)

              By the way, where is the picture from? Still there is information on a new car?
              1. Alexander Romanov
                Alexander Romanov 15 November 2013 05: 53
                0
                Quote: vadimN
                By the way, where is the picture from? Still there is information on a new car?

                That's what there is, so far not much hi
                It is known that this concept is an all-wheel drive five-door sedan equipped with a 3.2 liter engine, 296 hp, with a six-speed gearbox. The plant’s administration did not disclose the remaining details, it is only known that this concept may come out in a production version, but it will differ significantly from the concept versionhttp://www.fresher.ru/2010/02/10/novyj-koncept-ot-gaz-5000-gl/
      2. APES
        APES 14 November 2013 16: 09
        +4
        Quote: kartalovkolya
        Everything is correct, but I would like to


        In essence, an article is a statement of facts about how bad everything is, without concrete suggestions. the good thing is that things began to be called by their names and at least some goal-setting in terms of priority.
        For example:
        Corruption today is one of the main threats to state security


        And so, in spite of "who" and "how" is fighting corruption in our country, you come to the conclusion that they would rather justify the new SKOLKOVO-2 than any real actions that benefit the country - since they will not allow the infringement of someone's atomic selfish interests.
        Unfortunately - private now prevails on the general.
      3. vadimN
        vadimN 14 November 2013 17: 06
        +5
        Our powerful people at all levels are concerned only with personal benefits. They do not care about the country. Neither big business, nor bureaucracy associate themselves with the country and people. Treatment, real estate, bills, child education, recreation - all abroad. Why should they care about the development of all this in their country when they already have everything there ...?
    2. Stiletto
      Stiletto 14 November 2013 15: 28
      +2
      Yes, except for ideas, there is nothing on the surface. From the words of a comrade general of the army, it is only clear that he likes China more than his country.
      And phrases like "The development and creation of an innovative economy in Russia requires a tough, clear consolidation of the efforts of all participants in the process" and something makes me feel nauseous. As far back as I can remember, I hear about this "New Thinking", but things are still there.
      In addition, the word order is broken. Before you develop something, you need to create it, and not the other way around.
      1. Metlik
        Metlik 14 November 2013 20: 32
        0
        Quote: Stiletto
        "The development and creation of an innovative economy in Russia requires a tough, clear consolidation of the efforts of all participants in the process"

        To develop science by methods of tight and clear consolidation is the same as growing a crop on a carefully concreted site. Science does not tolerate command methods.
    3. Walker1975
      Walker1975 14 November 2013 15: 44
      +7
      All is correct. Everyone says that:

      "... these advantages practically do not work in conditions of prevailing export of raw materials. We need to go along the path of creating a highly developed economy, where innovative products and innovative growth are in the first place. This is one of the most important conditions for diversifying the economy, freeing it from dependence on raw materials. . "

      "corruption of officials. It is like an anti-tank ditch on the way to a new economy, investments in it. But corruption is essentially a state crime, and measures for such an act must be appropriate. Unfortunately, the number of corruption crimes detected in the country is growing annually by about 10 percent , and their volume is equivalent to 35-40 billion dollars Corruption today is one of the main threats to the security of the state, the most serious disease of society, testifying not only to the systemic violation of laws in the country, but also to the lost spiritual and moral norms that ensure the law-abiding behavior of citizens. "

      "We live in an era of science-intensive high technologies, the further development of which requires more and more investments, including in personnel training. Today, the amount of funds invested in the most developed countries in the training of scientists, engineers, technicians, highly skilled workers exceeds the cost of fixed assets. That is, it is human capital that has become the determining factor of development here. And in our country? How and where have we invested our resources over the past 20 years? "

      ALL SPEAK, but do the opposite. But they give consolations: is corruption in our country? Where is she not? Is the economy falling? So all over the world so. Is science falling apart? It only seems to you - now we are tensing and we will overtake everyone.
    4. MIKHAN
      MIKHAN 14 November 2013 15: 50
      +1
      The country continues to lose technology, personnel, human capital.
      In the meantime, there is one boltology .. And all our "achievements" are what is left of the USSR.
      Until we plant (and for a long time) Serdyukov and K. ... So everything will continue alas .. Someone plows for good and someone cuts this good (with a smug mug) ..
      1. Karabin
        Karabin 14 November 2013 20: 53
        +1
        Quote: MIKHAN
        In the meantime, there is one boltology .. And all our "achievements" are what is left of the USSR.

        MIKHAN RU November 12, 2013 17:56 | Russia and Russians
        If we restore the Army and Navy in Russia, everything will return (as our status should be).Just a small period in our history, compare: Russia of the 90s and now ... Feel the difference! And this is just the beginning of all the fun ahead .. the dogs bark the caravan is coming!The truth is with us ..
      2. alone
        alone 14 November 2013 22: 20
        0
        Quote: MIKHAN
        In the meantime, there is one boltology .. And all our "achievements" are what is left of the USSR.


        unfortunately in the 21st century with 60-70 year old machines, little can be achieved. This is a fact.
    5. Peaceful military
      Peaceful military 14 November 2013 15: 51
      +1
      That's exactly it.
      BUT!
      Who will promote this and bring it to its logical conclusion - "putting on rails" and launching, when it can no longer be stopped? Liberators and compradors?
      1. Walker1975
        Walker1975 14 November 2013 15: 54
        +4
        But this is another problem - staff shortage. It seems like managers, economists, the ocean, and who can implement the country's development policy is not clear.
        1. zvereok
          zvereok 14 November 2013 16: 14
          +6
          Quote: Walker1975
          But this is another problem - staff shortage. It seems like managers, economists, the ocean, and who can implement the country's development policy is not clear.



          I saw the main article on the cover of Expert magazine, a couple of months ago:

          "The trouble with the Russian economy is that there are no specialists in the country who know how to manage complex processes," how are you? For 20 years, they were releasing managers and lawyers using Western technologies, but they were never released.

          PS: All this is good, but when will they put Serdyukov?
          1. Normal
            Normal 14 November 2013 16: 49
            +6
            Quote: zvereok
            but when will they put Serdyukov?

            Never ... Argue?
          2. Yuri Y.
            Yuri Y. 14 November 2013 16: 57
            +3
            I think the same thing that Western technology affected in this matter.
            It was said that at one time effective managers were. Now it’s clear that the only reason they were needed is to effectively destroy where they are assigned.
            They are also one of the reasons for the hunger for staff, because they also went through education. And you can’t decide a lot here either, everything takes time. Although perhaps they could have found specialists if they had been looking.
        2. Peaceful military
          Peaceful military 14 November 2013 16: 43
          0
          Quote: Walker1975
          But this is another problem - staff shortage. It seems like managers, economists, the ocean, and who can implement the country's development policy is not clear.

          And this is a problem, but an even bigger problem - strong-willed, nationally oriented and capable (sensible) leaders of the highest echelon, as well as the dominance of liberals ...
          1. Walker1975
            Walker1975 14 November 2013 16: 55
            +2
            You are fixated on these liberalists. In most cases, they are a figment of your imagination. The main duties are the former party nomenclature and their children, the former KGB officers and their children ... well, there are not many bandits who survived in the 90s ... Liberalism doesn’t smell like that - otherwise the economy would not be built on several monopolies with state control, a la Rosneft and Gazprom, and a powerful medium and small business.
            1. Peaceful military
              Peaceful military 14 November 2013 17: 21
              +1
              Quote: Walker1975
              You are fixated on these liberalists. In most cases, they are a figment of your imagination. The main duties are the former party nomenclature and their children, the former KGB officers and their children ... well, there are not many bandits who survived in the 90s ... Liberalism doesn’t smell like that - otherwise the economy would not be built on several monopolies with state control, a la Rosneft and Gazprom, and a powerful medium and small business.

              Remove the blinkers, dear.
              1. Eugeniy_369
                Eugeniy_369 14 November 2013 22: 26
                0
                Quote: Peaceful military
                Remove the blinkers, dear.

                What kinda blinders? Estonia what's on the other mainland?
                LIBERAL - (lat. Liberalis, from liber civil free). A free-thinking person, a politically free-thinker, in general a person who wants more freedom for the people and sees the good of the country in the gradual progress and unhindered development of the individual;
                the dominance of the liberals ..
                You have that problems of an intimate nature, liberal with pid ... p confuse fool ?
                1. Peaceful military
                  Peaceful military 14 November 2013 22: 57
                  -1
                  Quote: Eugeniy_369
                  Quote: Peaceful military
                  Remove the blinkers, dear.

                  What kinda blinders? Estonia what's on the other mainland?
                  LIBERAL - (lat. Liberalis, from liber civil free). A free-thinking person, a politically free-thinker, in general a person who wants more freedom for the people and sees the good of the country in the gradual progress and unhindered development of the individual;
                  the dominance of the liberals ..
                  You have that problems of an intimate nature, liberal with pid ... p confuse fool ?

                  Ooh! Yes, you are a liberalist ... This is a diagnosis and it is not treated. fool
                  1. Eugeniy_369
                    Eugeniy_369 14 November 2013 23: 35
                    -1
                    Quote: Peaceful military
                    Ooh! Yes, you are a liberalist ... This is a diagnosis and it is not treated.

                    Well ... pills will not help here ... Amputation! Do you hear? Only cut!
                    Go to a psychiatrist as a state official in our Estonian. You are already visible and dictionary definitions are not a decree, all about some kind of pedera. Taldychite. repeat
                    PS I do not consider myself liberals, the only thing I agree with "who wants more freedom for the people and sees the good of the country in gradual progress and unhindered personal development". As for the Russian problems, you don’t get in here, we’ll figure it out without you, better than your SS guys wassat .
    6. Walker1975
      Walker1975 14 November 2013 15: 52
      +2
      "However, foreign business is showing a keen interest in Russian science and our scientists, including young people, actively inviting the best graduates of Russian universities to work in leading foreign corporations. Unfortunately, domestic entrepreneurs are indifferent to them."

      Naturally. Because the entrepreneur’s main income was to win and receive a winning state tender, where the estimate can be overestimated at times, give the official a kickback and do all the mistakes. Millions are earned out of the blue, why strain, raise scientists, invest in innovations ... it is not yet known when they will repulse. Here and now to raise 100% profitability - that’s it. Well, the royal (presidential) business - to sit on the pipe - to take from the fields at cost, then through various intermediaries to sell to the domestic and foreign markets at the market price and put the difference in your pocket. What in Russia, what in Ukraine — these are fraternal peoples.
    7. Alexey M
      Alexey M 14 November 2013 15: 54
      +6
      There will be no sense until loud landings. One talking room.
      1. Walker1975
        Walker1975 14 November 2013 19: 26
        0
        And who will plant? The problem of these bureaucrats and corrupt officials for the state is that they primarily hit the systems that can plant them. Is it possible, for example, if a prosecutor from a Russian Railways or a defense attorney imprisoned them if they have the same fur stores and the children study together at the universities of NATO countries and their wives go there for shopping together?
    8. winkiller
      winkiller 14 November 2013 16: 02
      +4
      Quote: MIKHAN
      In the meantime, there is one boltology .. And all our "achievements" are what is left of the USSR.

      There is no need to exaggerate, there are practically no personnel left from the USSR. much of what was left of the USSR has already rotted, and is practically not competitive due to the obsolescence of the equipment. Now it is also being produced, BUT unfortunately for modern production it is necessary to purchase imported equipment, and already on it to build "Achievements". The reproduction of tools of labor has been largely lost in the country.
      1. MIKHAN
        MIKHAN 14 November 2013 19: 07
        +1
        I'm not exaggerating, I just know and see .. Now the generation is 70 = 80 ... then we still dreamed of space ... Now the new generation thinks so " for modern production it is necessary to buy imported equipment "
        And in order to buy, you need to break it .. And now everything is sold, including conscience .. Now all technologies were mainly developed back in the 80s = well, they modernized a little ... Soon there will be only managers "co-makers" and "economists" .. Engineers are dying constructor and not to transfer all knowledge to anyone .. Here is the problem ..
    9. Volkhov
      Volkhov 14 November 2013 16: 12
      +2
      Russia today faces the inevitability of finding adequate answers to the main challenges of the time associated with protecting the country's sovereignty, its defense and competitiveness, and ensuring strategic positions in the world.

      They stopped looking for an adequate answer to the challenges of the time exactly 60 years ago, killing Stalin ... and now it has come to practice that in vain the fleet is sunk, the missiles are falling ...
      It was necessary to defend sovereignty 100 years ago together with autocracy - now the Russian Federation is simply a part of the world Zionism system - its penal battalion and donor point.
      Strategic positions in the world are held by the "elite" - some in London, some in Miami (since the pro-American government is patriots like Pekhtin in Miami, and dissidents or vacillating like Abramovich - in London) the interests of Russia itself in the turbulent activities of the party and government and not close.
      To begin with, it would be necessary to understand the situation and articulate the interests of Russia by offering the population a choice - either slavery and the penal battalion of Zionism or independent development with the formation of their own structures in all sectors.
      1. Normal
        Normal 14 November 2013 17: 08
        +7
        Quote: Volkhov
        offering the population a choice

        But who will he, the population, offer a choice? The population has already been offered stability with credit machines, a GMO loaner, mortgage housing, and perpetual rustling on all TV channels.
        Population with two hands "For" And those who are not "For", in the opinion of the authorities and the pro-government, the white-ribbon, swamp liberal-nationalist-agent of the State Department.
        From time to time, such articles appear in order to demonstrate to the population the concern of the elite and, once again, to replace the case with talking.
        Nothing will change until the price of oil collapses.
        Everyone is happy with everything. We continue to lose precious time and natural resources, under the weary talk about innovation, modernization, consolidation, development and an unprecedented rise in the authority of the Russian Federation (read GDP) around the world
        1. Volkhov
          Volkhov 14 November 2013 17: 15
          +2
          They will not be offered outside - only from within through the few who have realized the state of things.
    10. zvereok
      zvereok 14 November 2013 16: 12
      +4
      HOORAY!
      NWF funds may be spent on the privatization of Russian Railways.
      HOORAY!
      Russian Railways plan to completely abandon reserved seats.

      PS: All this is good, but when will they put Serdyukov?
      1. alone
        alone 14 November 2013 22: 21
        0
        Quote: zvereok
        PS: All this is good, but when will they put Serdyukov?


        here you can only answer with one phrase: Never.
        and there is a justification for the answer: Witnesses are not imprisoned.
    11. Selendis
      Selendis 14 November 2013 16: 19
      +2
      Personnel hunger, corruption, everything described above, plus a kick from state power towards development. A simple example is a research institute, there is no money, is there an incentive to invent something? No - the main incentive, just to survive ...
    12. Alexandr0id
      Alexandr0id 14 November 2013 16: 24
      +5
      Why do we always put China as an example? 100 years ago we were like China, possessed a huge (compared to everyone else) and an ever-growing demographic resource. Russia no longer has this resource, we are already at the end of the top ten, and will soon fly out of it.
      for centuries we did not save people, neglected human lives for the sake of huge construction projects and statistical records.
      and now the time may come to pay attention to the person, to his needs.
      and people's needs are home and family, which means furniture and clothes, baby food and household appliances, a car and a garage for it. but not a ton of cast iron or a bomb.
      in the brains of our rulers, the locomotives of the economy still see huge state monopolies in which there are cogs, strong bureaucracy and complete submission to the country's leadership. we have already passed this, the result is deplorable. all such mega-organizations are extremely inefficient and slow, they are not able to compete honestly, and can somehow work in the status of a monopoly.
      Yes, there are giants in the West too - Volkswagen groups, Airbus and Siemens. but look at how small and medium-sized businesses they have developed, it’s all visible when you travel across Europe. it is in it that the majority of the population is employed, and they feel great, earn good money, not working as hard labor, while paying high taxes. and why? because when starting a business, a person knows that he is protected by law, and that this law will not turn his back on him with a wave of a state monopoly, so you can plan your business for decades, and not try to quickly break up until the conditions have changed, take out to the maximum of money and to dump abroad have not yet been planted.
      1. Volkhov
        Volkhov 14 November 2013 16: 32
        0
        We have not always been given the example of China, but only since the Rothschilds moved there, before China was criticized in the Soviet press, especially under Mao.
      2. Walker1975
        Walker1975 14 November 2013 16: 59
        +3
        This bureaucracy can crush any economy under its own weight. You just count how many able-bodied men work as officials, referents of officials, drivers of officials, security guards of officials ... And all of them can only distribute ANYTHING without producing. And their salaries and benefits ...
    13. slavik_gross
      slavik_gross 14 November 2013 16: 44
      0
      As always, we look forward to a bright future ...!?
    14. Bigriver
      Bigriver 14 November 2013 16: 46
      +1
      China began economic reform in 1978. Then we watched with some skepticism as the Chinese tried to increase the volume of smelted metal in semi-artisan blast furnaces, fought with sparrows... It all looked pretty ridiculous.

      Here the chief of the General Staff is mistaken in chronology.
      Handicraft blast furnaces and the fight against sparrows are the "Great Leap Forward" of the late 50s - early 60s.
      1978 is the emergence of market elements in a planned economy.
      The purpose of science, especially applied science, is to solve the problems that constantly arise before it in developing new scientific and practical knowledge.

      And who should, and on the basis of what, set goals for this science?
      There are many correct and general words, such as: "we must go there !!!"
      Closer to life, Comrade General of the Army.
    15. Savva30
      Savva30 14 November 2013 16: 54
      +2
      Development and creation of an innovative economy in Russia
      1. I'm sick of the mythical innovation.
      2. Again we are developing and creating ... when will we live?
      It is impossible to defeat corruption without stopping stealing ... they do the same thing, but dream of a new result.
      The experience of China is not applicable in Russia, we have no bureaucrats prone to suicide ...
    16. Stinger
      Stinger 14 November 2013 18: 14
      +1
      These are the words. And things: RAS - under the knife, military science Serdyukov and K - under the knife, the leading defense institutes - removal from the list of strategic enterprises, corporatization and replacement of competent directors with effective managers who immediately began to plunder the funds of the state defense order. The role of the state was to create or build something at the expense of taxpayers and to cheaply transfer to the management (for food) the chosen people. Can anyone name at least one businessman who would take a little breathing production and make a capitalist picture of it, proving that the private trader is an efficient producer?
      1. Associate Professor
        Associate Professor 14 November 2013 18: 28
        +2
        Quote: Stinger
        These are the words. And things: RAS - under the knife, military science Serdyukov and K - under the knife

        That's interesting. Why are they all blaming Serdyukov? What, Medvedev, under whom Serdyukov worked, had no influence on the situation? After all, such things as, for example, the closure of flight schools, I can not explain to any ordinary corruption. These are the conscious actions of agents of influence at the very top in favor of foreign states and to the detriment of Russia. I would like to ask a question to those who made such decisions: do we not need military aviation anymore? Already come world peace? Without, at the very least, Medvedev’s approval, such actions could not be carried out. And our media, whose profits depend on the United States, are blaming everyone on Serdyukov. I do not block it, because I do not know for sure everything. Just Serdyukov alone could not make such decisions.
        1. Stinger
          Stinger 14 November 2013 18: 40
          +1
          You're right. But he was given carte blanche. Manager! Not all the same to ruin. Not enough hands.
        2. Walker1975
          Walker1975 14 November 2013 19: 15
          +1
          in fact, the one who appointed Serdyukov and the one who appointed the one who appointed Serdyukov are also to blame. Surnames, I suppose, you know. But since it will not work to make them guilty, the Serdyukovs will be appointed ... they will grow rich and laudatory reports will be published about their effectiveness ... then, when you don’t hide the sewing in the bag, they will be removed with a bang, wondering: it's like it was possible to do such a thing! Then Serdyukov will be appointed to another responsible position, and in his place a new ... Shoigu ...
    17. SV
      SV 14 November 2013 18: 15
      0
      The article is about nothing, again (as in any article on similar topics) operating with general theses, i.e. verbiage...........
    18. Samsebenaum
      Samsebenaum 14 November 2013 18: 27
      +2
      Another wish divorced from reality ...
      Already reading is disgusting. The main thing is that nothing will be done. Lord, when will they stop lying to us?
      As long as this power, this system is in operation, it will only be able to pump oil and gas, and brazenly and methodically rob our people. This is the main vector of "development".
      She does not know another !!
      Science, say? Well, well ... Since June, the faculty and laboratory staff have been dismissed from universities in the country. Probably everyone knows the reasons? And then I can strike a couple of lines ..
      Our scientists wrote a humiliating plea - a request addressed to the Almighty in order to stop this process.
      Read at your leisure. It hurts me for these people, on their knees begging for this official grayness.
      A parallel immediately arises with army reform. Apparently, someone follows a strict plan to completely ruin the science and future of Russia.
      Already today in Russia there is a shortage of more than 7 million doctors. Lack of at least 2 times l / s in the army. Now it has affected teachers too ...
      Are you still looking for enemies on the side? In vain.
      1. Walker1975
        Walker1975 14 November 2013 19: 20
        +1
        I agree! An irresponsible bureaucratic horde for the state is like cancer for the body and AIDS at the same time. AIDS - because it primarily disables the immune system. From here, concomitant diseases begin that would otherwise be treated. CANCER - because immediately there are metostases ... where there was 1 official, tomorrow there are 3, but the country's problems are not solved.
    19. zvereok
      zvereok 14 November 2013 18: 52
      0
      Quote: Normal
      Never ... Argue?


      Serdyukov will be imprisoned, only with his cousin Dmitry Nanaolevich.

      PS: All this is good, but when will they put Serdyukov?
    20. MIKHAN
      MIKHAN 14 November 2013 20: 04
      +1
      Quote: Walker1975
      But this is another problem - staff shortage. It seems like managers, economists, the ocean, and who can implement the country's development policy is not clear.

      I agree..! Where are the cadres of specialists .. turner engineers, etc. ? .. There is a shortage of personnel in the country .. there are no creators and producers .. But there is a lot of oil and gas .. everything can be bought (but this is only temporary) .. The potential of the USSR was laid back in the 20s under the slogan "Defeat illiteracy! " Then there was a breakthrough ..! Industrialization Victory over fascism, the conquest of space, etc .. Now we got out of the 90s a little, but we stand still .. (perspective for 2-3 years) and then at least the grass does not grow .. Most of the population lives one day .... If the Power does not take something cardinal (not only laws), I think trouble will begin .. (God forbid!)
      1. Sour
        Sour 14 November 2013 21: 07
        0
        Quote: MIKHAN
        Where the specialists are specialists ... turner engineers, etc. ?

        Even tractor drivers are not enough.
        Some economists and lawyers around. Moreover, many work as couriers or network marketing managers.
        The tendency to produce "education", from which there is no sense, and she has no work in her specialty - this has not appeared now. It was 30 and 40 years ago.
        Not only are there not enough highly qualified personnel, and there are not even elementary workers. Although, at the same time, many (including this forum) are talking about some unemployed. Where are they? In large cities, you won’t even see them under the microscope.
        The process is very running. Now the vocational training system should not be revived, but created anew. The problem is not only in poor financing, but also in demography.
        Quote: MIKHAN
        If the authorities do not undertake something cardinal (not only laws)

        Shoot someone? This is usually what they offer here. But power alone will not reverse a trend if its undertakings do not support society. And it has strongly decomposed and demoralized.
        1. alone
          alone 14 November 2013 22: 25
          0
          Quote: Sour
          Shoot someone? This is usually what they offer here. But power alone will not reverse a trend if its undertakings do not support society. And it has strongly decomposed and demoralized.


          it’s hard to do anything while demoralizing society!
    21. komel
      komel 15 November 2013 01: 14
      0
      The US ambassador was handed a note on the termination of the air base in Kyrgyzstan.
      BISHKEK, November 14 - RIA Novosti, Yulia Orlova. Kyrgyz Foreign Minister Erlan Abdyldaev handed US Ambassador Pamela Spratlen a note to terminate the agreement on the activities of the Manas Transit Center, the press service of the diplomatic department said on Thursday.
    22. vladsolo56
      vladsolo56 15 November 2013 06: 39
      0
      If we take into account that billions of rubles are withdrawn from the country annually, then what kind of development can be discussed. 90% of our entrepreneurs are not interested in the development of production, the production of new technologies. Only the state, of course, if it has normal power (smart), can quickly master new technologies by investing large capital investments in them.
    23. Alex66
      Alex66 15 November 2013 07: 54
      0
      To be honest, it’s becoming harder and harder for me to read such articles, and I feel nauseous as from Serdyukasilieva. Everyone understands everything and draws the right conclusions, only things are concocted differently, with the goal of maximizing profit, this is the essence of market relations. And in order to cover up the harm done to the country, they are awarded orders (Gorbachev), monuments (Yeltsin, Gaidar) are erected and honest people (Kvachkova and Khabarov) are imprisoned.
    24. Ribwort
      Ribwort 15 November 2013 08: 33
      0
      I didn't even finish reading - the title was enough: "The main vector of development" laughing
      Vector, if I remember everything exactly from the technical course, this is the direction of the application of force. And if there is no power itself, does hell talk about its vector?
      PS. Please do not send to sites, such as made in Russia. Was - not convinced. I see more faith in what I see in everyday life.