Military Review

Soviet era in the most iconic photographs of Markov-Greenberg

18
7 November 1907 was born in Rostov-on-Don, the famous photo reporter Mark Markov-Greenberg was born. His works, which became real symbols of their time, firmly occupied their place in the classics of Soviet photography. We present you the landmark works of the author of the period 30-40.


Soviet era in the most iconic photographs of Markov-Greenberg


1. Cook, 1930 year.
Having moved to Moscow in 1926, Markov-Greenberg began work in the magazine Smena. The photographer traveled around the country a lot, fixed the successes of socialist construction, the first collective farms. I photographed both famous people and ordinary “builders of communism”.



2. Portrait of a miner Nikita Izotov, 1934 year.
Nikita Izotov in a mining helmet, covered with coal dust, photographed as a monument. This is a monument to the drummer, the Stakhanovist. The miner is presented as an ancient hero, challenging the gods, biting into the bowels of the earth.



3. Military-sports game "Zarnitsa", 1930-ies.
In the first decades of the Soviet Union - a period of global change - photographers were not tasked to remove the present. It was much more important to see in it the germs of a future that might never have been destined to come true. Photographers translated ordinary prose of life into the language of a heroic epic, transforming reality.



4. "Girl with a paddle," at night in Gorky Park. Gorky, 1930 year.
The main task of the reporters of this era was to be able to convince viewers of the greatness of the Soviet reality with their pictures. Markov-Greenberg photos just had such a happy gift of conviction.



5. Meeting of the foreign delegation at the Belarusian station. Square Tverskaya outposts. Moscow Triumphal Gate (Arc de Triomphe), 1931 year.



6. Youth. The rest house of the plant of the Moscow plant Elektrokombinat in Kalyazin, 1932 year.
In the background is the Trinity Monastery, which fell into the flood zone in connection with the creation of the Uglich reservoir.



7. At the first air parade in Tushino, 1933 year.



8. In the pioneer camp. Anglers, 1930-s.



9. "The first in the village." Kabardino-Balkaria, 1934 year.



10. Sailing on Lake Seliger, 1930's.
It is worth noting that Markov-Greenberg himself, like many other photojournalists of that time, didn’t seem to notice this transformation of reality. The author himself did not find discrepancies between the picture and the life that he was shooting. Moreover, he argued that just the lack of a transformation of reality, loyalty to "realism" was his personal goal.



11. Youth agricultural brigade. Harvesting grain. South of Russia, 1930-s.
In Soviet photography, reality was pre-filtered and processed. The life in the picture should have been depicted according to the given setting. At the same time she was always believed, for millions of people she served as proof of what the newspapers write about.



12. "Turn stories"(Another name:" From now and forever "). Removal of eagles and installation of a star on the Kremlin tower, 1935 year.
From the memoirs of the author about the work on the pictures: “I climbed onto the tower, on which a rather primitive structure was mounted - neither the present fences adopted in such cases, nor other safety equipment were used. And then there's the star in the frame is not included - it is necessary to get out on some kind of bracket. It was scary. But a little used to the height and still took off. True, I had to make a panorama of two frames with an 35 mm lens - the star still didn’t fit in one frame ... ”



13. “Happy Motherhood”, 1935 year.
The Soviet people were given the choice of becoming heroes or giving birth to new heroes.



14. Dynamo, 1935 year.



15. Policeman at night on Arbat Square, 1936 year.



16. Volgar, 1939 year.



17. For the Motherland! 1943 year.
Especially distinguished in the work of the photographer during the war period. In September 1941, Markov-Greenberg was sent as a private to the front. He participated in battles as a signalman, but he always photographed - he recorded moments of battles and rare moments of rest.



18. Warrior's Oath, 1943 year.
In July, the army’s political department 1943 sent a photographer to the army’s newspaper, Word of a Soldier.



19. On the Kursk. Break-in infantry tanks, 1943 year.



20. West Prussia, Germany, May 1945 of the year. Human remains in the furnace of the crematorium of the Stutthof concentration camp. Location: Danzig neighborhood (now Gdansk, Poland).
18 comments
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  1. svp67
    svp67 13 November 2013 09: 31
    11
    Listen how many times have I heard about this notorious "girl with a paddle", and in fact a beautiful "devil". Somehow in my time in the parks this statue was more "chaste" and not beautiful. The "original source" is clearly better.
  2. Gorinich
    Gorinich 13 November 2013 10: 09
    +2
    The concept of "sexual revolution" has quite distant roots. In the 20s and 30s, the cult of the human body was not unusual ..
  3. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya 13 November 2013 10: 34
    +6
    Very good photos, not every modern artist with Nikon, so take off!
  4. Djozz
    Djozz 13 November 2013 10: 35
    -4
    The last photograph in the crematorium, clearly staged, it seems to me so!
    1. gosha1970
      gosha1970 13 November 2013 10: 57
      -2
      Absolutely staged, but nonetheless very scary
    2. svp67
      svp67 13 November 2013 10: 59
      10
      Quote: Djozz
      The last photograph in the crematorium, clearly staged, it seems to me so!
      When "it seems" it is necessary to be baptized ... it is no longer a secret that people were burned in these ovens, for "fertilizers" and I do not think that someone there tried to create "entourage" everything was too painful and it was so scary, disgusting. ..
  5. UVB
    UVB 13 November 2013 11: 31
    +1
    No words, just a Master! And another thought flashed through, what was the need for a policeman-traffic controller in Moscow at night in 1936?
  6. bazilio
    bazilio 13 November 2013 12: 08
    0
    I liked the name of the photo "Dynamo")))
    Great photos. Thanks for the selection
  7. Crrusader40
    Crrusader40 13 November 2013 12: 52
    0
    The last photo is tin
  8. Aleks tv
    Aleks tv 13 November 2013 13: 01
    +1
    Yeah...
    Photos are just taken for the soul.

    So here you are - a girl with an oar ...
    Wow.
    winked
  9. Stinger
    Stinger 13 November 2013 14: 00
    +2
    It would be necessary to return the Girl with the oar during the reconstruction of the Central Control Commission.
  10. Drosselmeyer
    Drosselmeyer 13 November 2013 15: 22
    +4
    Cooks do not change)).
  11. vlbelugin
    vlbelugin 13 November 2013 16: 04
    +2
    The pictures are very good. Comments to say the least .... well, not really. The signature "Happy motherhood" in quotation marks is incomprehensible. There are really happy people in the photo. Smiles are not artificial. They were not photographed for the show. But for good photos it was necessary to write nasty things, like to prick that time. What about the Stalinist terror, but people are smiling. To the author + for the photos and Face on the table '~' [Face vs Table] for the comment.
  12. kaktus
    kaktus 13 November 2013 18: 08
    0
    Impressive military photos
    1. 0255
      0255 13 November 2013 21: 28
      0
      Quote: kaktus
      Impressive military photos

      especially 17 and 19 photos good
  13. Sergei 163
    Sergei 163 13 November 2013 21: 52
    0
    Why aren’t they taking such photos of ordinary people now? And then some filthy muzzles from the TV!
  14. mithridate
    mithridate 17 November 2013 15: 35
    0
    the spirituality of persons is impressive
  15. Cormorants
    Cormorants 22 November 2013 08: 28
    0
    Cool photos, especially the miner liked, as if made of stone, a living monument to the titanic work.