Military Review

Islamic Terror in China

9
The car bombing on Tiananmen Square 28 in October of this year was officially called a terrorist attack. 5 people died, 38 suffered injuries of varying severity. Beijing hastened to blame the Uighur nationalists for everything, who allegedly gained experience in Syria and hurried to transfer the armed struggle against the PRC to the territory of the enemy. In fact, the attack has many unknowns: for example, why did a suicide bomber drive with two passengers who, according to the preliminary version, are his relatives? Establish this to be the investigation, but the results of the investigation are unlikely to be made public.




In any case, the statements made by the Chinese authorities reminded the world of the existence of the Uyghur problem and its connection with radical Islam. Without going into history and ethnography, it can be concluded that Islamism for China presents the same problem as for Russia, namely, it impedes the development of international economic integration, albeit in a slightly different way.

Secular separatism and pan-Islamic fundamentalism

It should be understood that in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China, at the same time, secular separatists and radical Sunni pan-Islamists are active at the same time. The first act in the European spirit, trying to create a national Uygur state. This current has much in common with the independence movements of the Basque Country, Catalonia or Scotland. Nationalists are poorly organized, their lot - spontaneous uncontrolled demonstrations. Vivid examples of such speeches are in Hotan in March 2008 and in Urumqi in August 2009. The military easily crushes the rebels, followed by the mass arrests of the opposition.

In turn, the Islamic Movement of Eastern Turkestan - a regional radical Sunni organization - is more structured and organized. It has no relation to secular separatism and sets itself the goal of building a theocratic Sunni state. The unattainable ideal for the IDTF is the conversion of the whole Celestial Empire to Islam. The Islamic Movement of Eastern Turkestan denies the “heretical” modern ideas of nationalism and considers the Uygurs primarily as Muslims.

The movement was founded in 1993, but it was only activated by the end of 90, when it committed several resonance attacks. Presumably, the organization is associated with Al-Qaida, although there is no strong evidence for this. It is known that in the ranks of the militants may be people from Afghanistan, Pakistan and the states of Central Asia. The IMTT acts more decisively than secular separatists, and, apparently, “works” by order from abroad. For example, the Islamists successfully used the spontaneous March demonstrations in Khotan in 2008, and carried out attacks on Chinese soldiers under the guise of “oppressed by the regime” Uygurs, allegedly “fighting for our and your freedom”. Fundamentalists were not embarrassed by even the almost semi-annual gap between the events in Khotan and the terrorist attacks: it is characteristic that the raids and explosions were committed in August, just at the time when the next Olympic Games were held in China. The IMTT was tasked with discrediting the People's Republic of China in the eyes of the world community, but the country's leadership did an excellent job with this challenge. Information from the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region came in such small doses that it was not possible to establish an accurate picture of what was happening there.

The poorly organized movement of secular Uygur nationalists is gradually moving away from the front. The niche of relatively peaceful nationalists is ready to occupy well-trained IDTF militants, veterans of several wars.

Armed biomass

As stated above, not only the Uighurs, but also representatives of other nationalities are members of the Institute. The collapse of the secular states of Afghanistan, Pakistan and other Asian countries is obvious. The depletion of natural resources, irrational excesses in the economy, the population explosion and the archaic methods of governing the state deprive Asians of their livelihood. A way out of this situation is to flee abroad, that is, labor migration or mercenarism. It is precisely because of the collapse of the Pakistani and Afghan economies that IDVT is constantly updated with new members.

The organization has a suitable social base in the PRC. Traditionally, the coastal regions of China were ahead in their development of the province, located in the depths of the continent. There is a widespread opinion among international experts that the excessive lag in the western regions of the country may have sharply negative consequences for the Middle Kingdom, including the destruction of the economy. Unemployment in the inland regions of China is quite high, and wages are lower there than on the coast. Tens of thousands of labor migrants from Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region annually go to coastal megalopolises to earn money. Internal migration in China can be compared with similar processes taking place in Russia: people from traditional society, barely in touch with the wonders of modernization, fall into the conditions of a modern world city, where they continue to live according to their own archaic concepts and ideas. Many residents of the republics of the North Caucasus, arriving in Moscow, barely understand Russian; the same is true of the Uygurs, who, having Chinese citizenship, do not understand Chinese or its dialects. The lack of understanding with the Chinese leads to all sorts of interethnic conflicts, the same as in Russia.

The recruitment of unemployed and socially unprotected residents of Xinjiang-Uygur region by members of the East Turkestan Islamic movement is a matter of time and money. Of course, the Muslims of China are in incomparably better conditions than the same Pakistanis, but the thirst for easy money attracts many.

Revival of the Silk Road

But why the Chinese Muslims for the most part still have not joined the Islamists? Why are taxi drivers or porters not going to fight for 150 dollars, as in the early phase of the war in Syria? Maybe because nobody offers this money to them?

Indeed, the IDTF consists mainly of volunteers who are not ready to fight for money, but for the idea, as it seems to them, righteous. There are very few such “altruists”, therefore the organization is weak and unable to wage a long-term organized war. The maximum potential of an IDTT is sporadic terrorist attacks and minor attacks, more like criminal squabbles. Apparently, foreigners who joined the organization did it either out of a sense of solidarity with the co-religionists, or in an attempt to subjugate the nascent Islamist movement of China.

Funding from the fundamentalists of East Turkestan is tight. Unlike sister organizations from other countries of the world, IDVT does not smuggle, racketeer, trade weapons or people drug trafficking. The only known expropriation took place in February 1999, when Islamists managed to steal 240 thousand Yuan. Since then, fortune has not smiled at militants.

The main sponsors of Islamism in Asia and Africa - Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Qatar - refuse to cooperate with the IFES because they want to maintain good partnerships with China. China is the main consumer of Arab oil, its ever-growing enterprises need uninterrupted supplies of valuable raw materials. Over the past few years, China and the Gulf monarchy have been negotiating on the implementation of joint economic projects aimed at increasing trade between countries. It is in the interests of Saudi Arabia to squeeze out competitors from the Chinese market, and Chinese companies, in turn, want to work in the countries of the Arab world. It would look rather strange if the Saudi princes tried to sow devastation in the Middle Kingdom. On the contrary, in the future, China, Pakistan and the Gulf monarchies can create a powerful economic bloc against pro-Russian and pro-American projects in Central Asia and the Middle East. The vector of Pakistan’s foreign policy is shifting toward China: Islamabad wants to find support from Beijing in reforming the economy, and is also considering the PRC as a counterweight to India. In turn, China is interested in using Pakistani naval bases to provide access to Chinese merchant and naval fleet to the Indian Ocean, and from there to East Africa. Saudi Arabia, like China, wants to create a New Silk Road, which will pass through the territory of Pakistan, connect East Asia with the Front and become an excellent route for the supply of hydrocarbons.

Meanwhile, the training camps of IDTF are located on the borders of the PRC, Pakistan and Afghanistan. In many respects, it is this fact that is responsible for the tension in the Sino-Pakistani relations. What is it? The monarchies of the Persian Gulf themselves put a stick in the wheel?

Divide and Conquer

No, it's just that the United States wants to destroy the New Silk Road at its inception, promoting its own project with the exact same name. The two boys from Khotan, the founders of IDTF, were obviously romantics, and were impressed by the Afghan jihad: in the 90s after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Taliban victory, organizations like the Islamic movement of Eastern Turkestan were everywhere formed in many countries of Central Asia. At some point, the United States decided to use the fundamentalists as a weapon against China. At the same time, Pakistanis, Afghans, Tajiks and citizens of other states appeared in the composition of the Institute.

The movement will not destroy the Celestial Empire from the inside, as it may seem at first glance: China is too powerful a power to be destroyed by a group of terrorists with primitive thinking. Suppressing international secular integration projects based on the principles of economic cooperation is the main task of the ETIS. Islamic terror in China is designed exclusively for the external consumer: how will the PRC trust the countries of the Islamic world that are attractive for investment if Muslims threaten the security of the Middle Kingdom ?!

It becomes clear why China is not publicizing attacks on its own military personnel and is not trying to carry out a “debriefing” at the international level. The fight against Islamism in the PRC and Central Asia is, first of all, the fight against the United States, which wants to prevent the peaceful development of the integration processes in Eurasia. The last terrorist attack in Beijing, whoever it was prepared and carried out, is used as a pretext for tightening the screws and routing both the Islamic underground and the secular Uyghur nationalists.

How to treat Russia to the current situation? On the one hand, the radicalization of Muslims of Central Asia is unprofitable for Moscow, on the other hand, the construction of a corridor to the Persian Gulf - Pakistan - China also contradicts our interests. In the near future, Russia faces the task of getting out of this impasse, choosing, unfortunately, the least evil out of two.
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  1. Same lech
    Same lech 12 November 2013 07: 49 New
    +6
    Well, actually, I had an idea that it could not have done without the help of terrorists of one special service known to everyone from one exceptional country (well, you understand who I'm talking about)
    1. MIKHAN
      MIKHAN 12 November 2013 08: 24 New
      +5
      We understand but about this it is silent (or they’ll fly right now.))) ... bully
      1. Toporkoff
        Toporkoff 12 November 2013 09: 29 New
        +2
        Do you hear? the sound of black helicopters! laughing
        1. tronin.maxim
          tronin.maxim 12 November 2013 10: 36 New
          +3
          Quote: Toporkoff
          Do you hear? the sound of black helicopters!

          And a needle sticks out from around the corner and so gently begins to force it to the ground! lol
  2. makarov
    makarov 12 November 2013 07: 55 New
    +1
    There is another version, which is not considered by the author of the material. The ETIM has long been under the full control of the Chinese authorities and services, and its actions are manipulated as they see fit. There are many such historical examples. Think of Operation Trust, for example.
  3. air wolf
    air wolf 12 November 2013 08: 07 New
    +1
    Well, the American workers of "Gazavat" made it to China!
  4. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 12 November 2013 08: 23 New
    +1
    Well, China began to swing ... The scenario is the same!
    1. Parabelum
      Parabelum 12 November 2013 09: 19 New
      13
      They will stop pumping, China does not care about all kinds of tolerant liberal norms of universal people, the mentality is not the same. Now a bunch of independence fighters will be shot, and the whole hunt of the so-called jihadist liberators will be recaptured. And by the way, they’ll do it right ...
      1. albai
        albai 12 November 2013 10: 22 New
        +7
        I completely agree. From the very beginning of its presence in the XUAR, China was very tough on Uyghurs, unlike other residents of the XUAR — Kyrgyz, Kazakhs, and Mongols .. All our guys have been talking about this since the opening of borders with China. Theirs, let’s say so, PPSniks always extinguished any Uighurs' creeps. Yes, and the Uighurs are always prone to the ideas of radical Islamists, like the more devout and religious others. And the IFES are completely manipulated from across the ocean, as the biggest zealots of Turkestan independence have settled there. Recent sweeps in the XUAR indicate this, the guys who visited Urumqi, Kashgar tell how mercilessly the Chinese military dealt with the troublemakers, while completely blocking the Internet and hundreds. In a word, well done Chinese.
      2. Fobos-grunt
        Fobos-grunt 12 November 2013 11: 51 New
        +2
        Unfortunately, we are not China. China may organize such a shake-up for the Uighurs indiscriminately on the right and the guilty - that they will flood the CIS. This will be followed by aggravation in our borderlands: the growth of labor migration, ethnic crime and terrorism. In the interests of Russia - peace in the Xinjiang Uygur region.
  5. Semurg
    Semurg 12 November 2013 10: 02 New
    +3
    China’s policy in the XUAR is now similar to the policy of Russia in the Caucasus. On the one hand, militants are being shot at. On the other hand, large investments in the local economy are the only difference. ) On the one hand, this relocation seems to strengthen the influence of the central government, on the other hand it causes irritation and hostility among the local people. China is unlikely to be dangerous local militants are too unequal in strength, the local will have a chance only if the central authorities are weakened.
  6. Kostya pedestrian
    Kostya pedestrian 12 November 2013 10: 30 New
    +2
    I did not understand, is it that the multi-Nazis are already the descendants of those legendary warriors who stood at the origins of the creation of "The Art of Defending and Victory", in the Western translation of "Art of War" they are shocked? Already what, but the Chinese have always been a peace-loving people, like the Belarusians, more than once he was convinced of this himself, although you can learn a lot from them in the art of war.

    Interestingly, what kind of humor do the Nazi militarists have such a jagpenter? junker? or Mitsubes with horned Honda tempt you. Probably your OZ advertisers are already quite a raft, advertising should delight, create a desire, educate, but not intimidate.

    What kind of I.O.A. was found here, Asya? Or have you imagined yourself angels? We built phaetons, but do not bet Novikov in anything, not good.

    When I saw screenshots from "El Gringo" (ref: Lucky Stars 2 with Jackie Chan) I was almost stunned by such cynicism and arrogance of these European liberators from barbarians from the East.

    Yes, even decided to take the throne of angels? Are there too many multitaskins, as if they themselves had not torn themselves up? And then instead of adidases everywhere, the ribo will be at your home in the cold and Celtic Ireland at the finish. By the way, no one wears a cap with a visor, unless of course from Sydney.
  7. Kostya pedestrian
    Kostya pedestrian 12 November 2013 10: 33 New
    0


    Here, in this noisy square
    In bygone years
    Drunken cabbies swearing
    And gentlemen smiled.
    Nodding with shabby manes
    Flickering with cereals of horses,
    How did you sick
    To modern "Lada"?

    You were crushed by an inexorable life
    Cruel, frantic progress.
    To whom is your road long
    Had to just cross?
    And with antique irradiations
    You were out of place -
    Neither single nor double
    On kilometers of freeways.

    Fragile wheels with spokes -
    Yes, not afraid of the pavement.
    They didn’t know: rejoice, whether angry
    The gestures of stupid guards.
    And in races that are completely uncharacteristic of you,
    And even looking for a penny
    You always kept calm
    And a dignified step. And a dignified step.

    You are gilded carriages
    Not available to everyone.
    They didn’t decorate you with portraits -
    Then it was still considered a sin.
    And a horse harness
    Himself indulging without asking,
    Dragged carry your heavy
    On bent axles.

    You are war chariots
    Someone saw in a dream
    And people with royal faces
    They drove you to the war.
    You flew three wedding,
    Giving happiness to someone
    You wheezed with the stolen bride
    Bridle painfully biting.

    You have changed. The riders were changing.
    The stone has changed to concrete.
    And now on weekdays or on holidays
    You will not meet the phaeton.
    A great prophecy came true:
    You are roughly replaced by a motor.
    And now everyone wants to pain
    Jump on it at full speed.

    How easy it is to become a museum rarity
    Once exhausted.
    And surprise with a hundred year old dilapidation
    For five cents - Grand Merci!
    And what in museums you cry
    Under the gaze of yawning racks?
    You’ll skip a hundred years later
    And the Mercedes will go under the press.

  8. Humpty
    Humpty 12 November 2013 12: 59 New
    0
    Uyghurs and Farsi are two indigenous peoples of Central Asia, the rest took root here much later, including Russians. What remains of the old buildings is all Uyghur and Persian. But for at least 700 years they were unable to create their own independent states. If we are talking about the Uighurs, then they don’t shine, due to the unacceptable national character and unbridled savagery and nationalism.
    1. Jack122
      Jack122 13 November 2013 01: 40 New
      0
      Did the Russians take root in Central Asia? It seems that the Russians do not know how to get their roots out of it, and the Central Asian roots are sent back from Russia to their homeland
  9. The comment was deleted.
  10. Yeraz
    Yeraz 12 November 2013 13: 44 New
    -2
    Everything has its time. The Chinese will be put in their place.
    1. alone
      alone 12 November 2013 19: 46 New
      0
      it will be too hard to do this. After all, one and a half billion of them.
      1. Yeraz
        Yeraz 13 November 2013 14: 54 New
        +2
        Quote: lonely
        it will be too hard to do this. After all, one and a half billion of them.

        History is an interesting thing. If the Uighurs continue to have a majority in the western part of their okrug, then there are chances, but if China begins to settle there it will be difficult. The Uighurs have an advantage, they have external borders with the Turks. It’s if they were in the center of China it would be kerdyk)
  11. sss5.papu
    sss5.papu 12 November 2013 20: 42 New
    +1
    The struggle for the independence of the Uyghurs with China has been going on for more than one hundred years. The last success of the Uyghurs was in the middle of the 19th century when they achieved independence. After that, only minor actions against the dominance of the Han people (over the past 30 years their number has reached 45%) ending with the indicative death penalty of the Uyghurs. The Uyghurs' speeches do not pose any threat to Beijing. The Uyghurs are indeed the indigenous inhabitants of Middle Asia, but until 1921 they were called Turks and Kashgars (hence the name Vost. Turkestan). People are close to Uzbeks and have a similar language, culture and way of life with them.
  12. EdwardTich68
    EdwardTich68 15 November 2013 14: 20 New
    0
    They will not achieve independence, never. The author is really trying to draw some kind of Chechnya. Everything is easier
    , a bullet in the back of the head at the stadium and at the organs. There may be an underground but very weak. The rest of the eyes are afraid to raise. They know that there are 130 people who can sit down at the stadium in one sitting. We could do that.