Military Review

Review of electronic warfare equipment (EW) of Ukrainian production

2
Technique GP "Scientific Research Institute of Complex Automation" (GP NIIKA) Donetsk.


Complex of radio suppression of control lines aviation "Estuary":

The Lyman complex is intended for radio suppression of aviation control lines in the 100-400 MHz and 960-1215 MHz frequency bands.
The complex "Liman" consists of a control point - product "Liman-PU" and jamming stations - products "Liman-PNNUMX" and Liman-PNNUMX "with a total of up to 1 units.

Control point "Lyman-PU".


Station "Lyman-P1".
Review of electronic warfare equipment (EW) of Ukrainian production


Station "Lyman-P2".


There are two types of work stations interference complex:
- autonomous;
- centralized
- on the commands of the control center of the complex "Lyman-PU".

Modes of operation of the complex: passive, active.

In the passive mode, the complex detects radio links - objects of suppression by detecting radio signals, measuring their parameters (analysis) and classifying (determining whether they belong to radio links - objects of suppression).

In the active mode, the complex emits interfering signals at the frequencies of the working radio lines - objects of suppression.



Performance characteristics:
Operating frequency ranges:
"Lyman-P1" 100-400 MHz;
"Lyman-P2" 960-1215 MHz.
Suppression range to 200 km
Detection range of air control points (TLU) and long-range radar detection stations (AEW) to 450 km
Automatic analysis and determination of parameters of radio signals;
Classification of radio emissions and selection of objects of radio suppression;
Selection of the type and parameters of interfering signals;
Formation of interfering signals to radio networks with FOF and FH.

Technics PJSC "Topaz", Donetsk

Complex interference radio communications (EW) "Mandat-B1E".



The Mandat-B1E complex is intended for suppressing terrestrial communication channels with fixed operating frequencies of any modulation type and with abruptly varying frequencies in the HF and VHF bands by targeting in frequency and time as well as barrier radio interference.

The jamming complex is a modern, efficient means of solving problems of both radio intelligence and electronic warfare. In a controlled area, over the entire frequency range, simultaneous effective suppression of radio links to the FNC or to the 80 of networks with the FHR in the 6 km zone in depth and 60 km along the front is provided to 90.



The full composition of the Mandat-B1E complex includes two posts and a reconnaissance station. The complex includes:
Р-330 РД - automated intelligence station of HF, VHF ranges - 1 pcs.
Р-330 КВ1 - automated station for jamming of HF band - 2 pcs.
Р-330 УВ1 - automated jamming station UKV1 range - 2 pcs.
Р-330 УВ2 - automated jamming station UKV2 range - 2 pcs.

The Mandat-B1E station is installed on the KrAZ-type automobile chassis, there is also the option of installing the station on the wheeled armored chassis of the Vepr

The station "Mandat-B1E" on the chassis "Vepr".


Technique Research Institute "Kvant" Kiev

The complex of electronic-electronic counter "Kashtan-3".



Designed to protect ground objects from high precision weapons (WTO) with laser-guided missiles, aerial bombs with semi-active laser homing heads.
The complex performs the tasks of countering high-precision laser-guided weapons by moving the ammunition to a safe distance from the object on land or water.

Emitter of false laser illumination


Element detection of laser illumination of the target.


The workplace of the station operator.


To protect ships from laser-guided high-precision weapons (WTO) - missiles, aerial bombs with semi-active laser homing heads, a ship version of the Chestnut-3М optical-electronic countermeasures complex has been developed.



The complex provides:
detection and direction finding of laser sources - laser target indicators of the enemy;
setting false laser targets (LLC) - (active imitation interference);
fully automatic operation with the ability to change decisions made by the operator manually;
choice of tactics of protection depending on the combat situation;
recording and documenting information about the tactical situation, the radiation parameters of the laser designator, the reactions of the complex and the actions of the operator;
staff training;
automatic monitoring of the complex’s performance and troubleshooting with indication of the failed module.



TECH SPECS

The probability of detecting the laser radiation of the target of the enemy, highlighting the protecting object of at least 0,9
The probability of withdrawal (retargeting) of ammunition at LLTs (depending on the type of threat) is at least 0,6-0,8
The time from the moment of detection of the laser radiation of the target designator of the enemy until the moment of production of LLC, with no more than 1
Working wavelength, µm 1,06
Detection Angle Range:
in azimuth 0 - 360 °
by elevation minus 15 ° + 90 °
The maximum error in determining the angular coordinates of the laser pointer is no more than 15 °.

Technique "Ukrspetstekhnika" Kiev

Satellite navigation suppression equipment.

In this segment of technical countermeasures, Ukrainian scientists propose complexes of countermeasures for satellite systems (APSS).

The system is designed to create a target frequency interference to the navigation equipment of consumers of GPS / GLONASS systems.



APSS "Dome" (APSS "Enclave")
Operating frequency range: (1210 ... 1260) MHz for the 1 channel and (1550 ... 1620) MHz for the 2 channel
Output power not less than 20 W
Power consumption not more than 150 W
Suppression distance (when using omnidirectional antennas) to 15 km
(when using directional antennas) and up to 250 km
The mass of the product for the products "Enclave-1" and "Enclave-1M" no more than 20 kg
for the product "Enclave-2" no more than 30 kg.

APSS "Dome-1"


Technics LLC "Radioniks" Kiev

Radio-electronic protection system for Omut aircraft.

BC ILZ "Omut" - designed to suppress the radar systems of anti-aircraft missile systems, fighters, as well as active and semi-active homing missiles.



The Omut radioelectronic protection complex includes an electronic intelligence system, with an operably-changing database of threats and their priorities, as well as an electronic countermeasure system, which provides a high probability of suppressing radar detection and enemy targeting. The real-time radioelectronic protection complex detects and recognizes the enemy's electronic distribution system, assesses the level of threats and selects the optimal interference system for suppressing the radar systems of anti-aircraft missile systems, fighters, and active and semi-active homing missiles.
(a variant of the location of the complex "Omut" on the MiG-29 fighter)


The complex provides:
- simultaneous detection and evaluation of parameters up to 200 of enemy electronic equipment in the operating frequency range;
- classification and assessment of the threats of enemy fire weapons to an aircraft;
- the choice and statement on 20-ti channels of the optimum complexes imitating hindrances;



The equipment with a high degree of probability protects aircraft from aircraft and anti-aircraft guided missiles with active and semi-active homing heads and sets up active simulators of spatial-coherent interference in automatic mode to the attacking enemy vehicles (fighter-interceptors, anti-aircraft missile systems).

Technics GP "Research Institute of Integrated Automation" (SE NIIKA)

System of suppression of radio lines of management "Garant"



The radio link control system of the 20 - 2500 MHz frequency band "Garant" is intended for radio suppression of various radio engineering means:
- stationary radio channels,
- mobile and wearable radio stations,
- reception paths of radio telephones of cellular communication systems,
- as well as for the protection of mobile vehicles (moving columns and single vehicles) and stationary objects by preventing radio-controlled detonation of explosive devices (mines, land mines, etc.).

The system was developed on the basis of and taking into account the operating experience of a product similar in purpose, which was used by the Ukrainian peacekeeping contingent in the Middle East. The use of this product made it possible to neutralize several attempts of a radio-controlled blasting during the movement of an automobile column (explosions occurred after passing through a column of a place where a radio-controlled bomb was laid outside the zone of radio suppression).

Main Specifications
1) Interference Frequency Range - 20 - 2500 MHz
2) Type of interference - broadband
barrage
3) Total Integral Output
interference power - 230 W
4) Radio suppression distance
(depending on the parameters of the suppressed
radio lines)
- 75 - 5000 m
5) Power consumption - 1 kW
6) Supply voltage - 11,5 - 14 V
7) Ambient temperature - from –40 ° С to + 60 ° С

The system "Garant" consists of 4-x blocks of radio suppression of BPRL-1, -2, -3, -4. Each of the blocks BPRL-1, -2, -3 consists of 4-x interference transmitters and one high-performance 4-x water wideband antenna with a circular pattern
directivity in the horizontal plane. Block BPRL-4 consists of one transmitter and one antenna. In total, the system includes 13 transmitters (the frequency range of the radiation of an interfering radio signal is divided into 13 letters) and 4 broadband
antennas.



The system "Garant" in service with the electronic warfare battalion of the Ukrainian Navy.


The system "Garant" is installed on the car Ural - the Ukrainian peacekeeping contingent in Kosovo:


Sources:
http://niika.dn.ua/public/dockfiles/Liman.pdf
http://uos.ua/produktsiya/sistemi-zashchiti
http://bm-oplot.livejournal.com/11573.html
http://bm-oplot.livejournal.com/13642.html
Author:
2 comments
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  1. makarov
    makarov 9 November 2013 08: 58
    +8
    At first glance, it seems something harmless, but I read the information, then what strength is hidden behind the "harmlessness".
    1. xetai9977
      xetai9977 9 November 2013 10: 05
      +2
      The equipment is quite at the level. There would be more of these in the troops ....
  2. cashpoint
    cashpoint 9 November 2013 10: 10
    12
    The review still lacks a lot. For example, the "Adros" complex, from the Ukrainian research and production company "Hadron", is a KT-01AVE optoelectronic suppression station designed to provide highly effective active protection of helicopters against guided missiles with infrared homing heads of various types.

    The Adros station KT-01AVE is capable of equally and simultaneously counteracting infrared homing heads with amplitude-phase (AFM), frequency-phase (ChFM), pulse (VIM) time modulation of the signal from the target and with increased noise immunity.

    At the moment, such systems are already being installed on the modernized Mi-17 and Mi-24 helicopters of the Polish Air Force, as well as on the new light attack helicopters PZL W-3WA. Ukrainian stations were also tested in real combat conditions as part of the Polish contingent in Afghanistan, and there is also information that such complexes were installed on Ukrainian Mi-24P helicopters in Cote d'Ivoire.

    Video showing the launch of MANPADS on a Ukrainian helicopter.


    At the moment, stations are actively exported to various countries of the world. So the complex is in service with Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, China and Sudan.

    A similar American station ANQ-12 with a mass of 350 kg costs $ 1 million, while the Ukrainian product is much cheaper and lighter, has a simpler design and high reliability.
    1. Akim
      Akim 9 November 2013 17: 15
      +2
      In Bangkok, the exhibition announced that Poland would buy another batch of these stations.
  3. Cristall
    Cristall 9 November 2013 11: 38
    +3
    not bad, Quantum and Topaz work and do interesting things.
    1. Corsair
      Corsair 13 November 2013 02: 22
      +1
      Quote: Cristall
      not bad, Quantum and Topaz work and do interesting things.

      Why do you think so?
      I don’t know about "Kvant", but Donetsk "Topaz" ... how to put it more delicately?
      In the deep...DEPRESSIONS
      .
  4. Algor73
    Algor73 9 November 2013 12: 33
    +3
    Here you still need to be able to show, promote. And then I began to think that the Ukrainian military-industrial complex was already dead. I envy the neighbors, they all present their development, planned for 5-20 years in advance, will present, advertise, that it seems that everything is already in the army ...
    1. cashpoint
      cashpoint 9 November 2013 12: 38
      +4
      PR for the layman and internal propaganda. Specialists are well aware of the development and finished products, for this there are thematic publications and exhibitions.
  5. scientist
    scientist 9 November 2013 13: 35
    +5
    The secret to the successful development of Ukrainian electronics is that they create cheap and fairly efficient systems based on imported electronics and components. As experience of international cooperation shows, such products are significantly cheaper and significantly reduced in terms of their development, naturally at the expense of security. Although for most small states this level of security and reliability is quite sufficient.
    The main problem in the development of modern electronic warfare systems is its isolation from the communication system, which leads to the loss of control of their own troops. Indeed, frequency plans and modes of operation of their own means of communication are usually introduced in advance, without taking into account the rapid pace of changes in the electronic environment. For some reason, few people think that it is necessary to synchronize the operation of their own communications and electronic warfare systems with a single control unit, especially if their own communications operate in frequency hopping and automatic adaptation modes.
    1. Su-9
      Su-9 10 November 2013 23: 04
      0
      Yes, it is because of this that the Ukrainian. products are competitive in the market - good architecture and normal components.
      I just disagree that it weakens security. At the level of simple components it is impossible to sew "honipots" for external interference into complex systems is very difficult. And having a strategic stock of parts in case of an embargo for several years is no problem.
    2. lordinicus
      lordinicus 11 November 2013 10: 20
      0
      I came across EW products manufactured by the Ukrainian cantor, by the way it is not in this and the previous list. So, in the product of that cantor, in order not to press our own connection, the appropriate mechanisms were put in place that allow us not to press our own connection. As the representative of that company said, they needed to provide the necessary data on our communications complex and they integrate their electronic warfare product into our structure.
      This example of mine shows that integration of electronic warfare and communications, and possibly radar, is fundamentally possible. What our cantor wanted to buy was very small and local, but even at such a low level, integration was already offered. I think if you buy some serious electronic warfare, then the manufacturer will be interested in integration because integration is the headstock for them. And the fact that their own electronic warfare is crushing their own connection, I think it’s DYBILISM and the incompetence of the boss who made the decision to buy the electronic warfare system, because you need to be completely idiotic to buy something that is impossible to use.
      A good example of idiocy is the EW station on the SU-24M, it worked so well that there was no communication and television in a very large district. As a result, the pilots did not use this system in the exercises NEVER, as the person who flew on the SU-24M said they did not include this thing even once during the entire service. There is electronic warfare on paper, but nobody knows how to use it, and as a result, the electronic warfare system Su-24M has not been mastered and is useless.
      1. gazebo
        gazebo 19 February 2015 22: 47
        0
        Regarding the Su-24M, complete nonsense and incompetence, as well as your pilot. The complex is magnificent at the time, if you know how to program it and use it correctly. He coped with Buk at times, communications and television have no effect, if only in a small radius and off-system interference. The range is not the same)
        If the Carpathians were to be used immediately in the war 080808 there would be no loss - I am sure.
        In order not to suppress yourself, there are a lot of techniques, both organizational and technical. For this, there is electronic warfare. After all, a tank and a machine gun can also shoot in their own, if it is in the hands of an idiot
  6. Akim
    Akim 9 November 2013 16: 12
    +1
    Radio intelligence complexes are not indicated - this also applies to electronic warfare systems.
  7. rolik2
    9 November 2013 17: 03
    0
    Radio intelligence complexes are not indicated - this also applies to electronic warfare systems.

    There has already been an article on them.
    1. Akim
      Akim 9 November 2013 17: 11
      0
      Quote: rolik2
      There has already been an article on them.

      Not for everyone, and in this article it was necessary to indicate a note.
  8. rolik2
    9 November 2013 17: 17
    +1
    http://topwar.ru/30952-radioelektronnaya-razvedka-vooruzhennyh-sil-ukrainy.html

    No more nashol
  9. Druid
    Druid 9 November 2013 19: 49
    +1
    Thanks to the author for the review. Ukrainian developments are still at a high level.
  10. And Us Rat
    And Us Rat 11 November 2013 07: 56
    +2
    Quote: makarov
    At first glance, it seems something harmless, but I read the information, then what strength is hidden behind the "harmlessness".


    And not for nothing, in modern wars superiority in electronic warfare is often more important than superiority as the rest of the equipment. For example - if you correctly and tightly suppress radars and avionics on the Su-35 link, then the link of the medium-modernized MiG-21 equipped with modern missiles will shoot them like partridges from an average distance, especially if there is support for AWACS. Platform-to-platform battles are a thing of the past, today the battles of integrated integrated systems are relevant, and electronic warfare, coupled with intelligence and identification systems, is the backbone of modern troops.
  11. Kowalsky
    Kowalsky 23 November 2013 15: 19
    +1
    One officer I know praised Granite (or its equivalent, I don't know for sure). He said that it was thanks to this system that his people managed to bypass mine traps twice. The Americans were impressed by the very existence of this system in our soldiers and its effectiveness. They took our car with this complex a couple of times to escort their convoys (with our own crew).