Military Review

Lockheed Martin presents the project invulnerable hypersonic scout

46
A new hypersonic aircraft was introduced, which should be replaced by the fastest reconnaissance aircraft - the legendary SR-71, which developed speed in 3500 km / h.


Lockheed Martin has officially unveiled a new aircraft design, whose tactical and technical characteristics will exceed those of the SR-71 Blackbird. The aircraft with the SR-72 index will reach speeds above 6 thousand km / h and, unlike its predecessor, will fly in unmanned mode and strike targets on the ground. Such an aircraft for modern air defense systems will be virtually invulnerable: the new aircraft will be able to fulfill the task set for it and leave before the moment when the enemy’s air defense manages to take action.



The SR-71 Blackbird was able to rise to an altitude of 26 in thousands of meters - almost 3 times the capacity of civilian airliners. Most likely, the new SR-72 aircraft will be able to rise even higher, which will significantly complicate or negate the possibility of interception by enemy fighters.

The new spy plane will be able to maintain cruising speed M = 6. SR-72 will be the first hypersonic aircraft adopted. In addition, it will be the fastest on the planet, only experimental X-15 rocket planes could maintain such speed.

Rumors about the hypersonic scout SR-72 go for a long time. The new aircraft was discussed as part of the plan of the American air force for the use of hypersonic aircraft for the projection of force on the planet. The SR-72 should fill the gap between satellites and unmanned aerial vehicles, which can stay in the air for a very long time, but cannot evade air defense systems and quickly reach the target. Due to the high precision weapons SR-72 will also be able to deliver lightning strikes (for 1-2 hours) on particularly important targets. The high speed will allow the new aircraft to cross the Atlantic in 1-1,5 hours, and to reach the goal in the central part of Russia, starting from an airfield in the central part of the United States, in 2 hours.

The main feature of the new hypersonic scout will be the engines that are developed in conjunction with the company Aerojet Rocketdyne. For a subsonic-speed flight, a hypersonic ramjet engine is equipped with a turbine.



At speeds above M = 2, conventional turbojet engines begin to have problems with control. On the SR-71 Blackbird, which was developed in the 1960-s, this problem was solved by using a special mobile cone in the air intake. At speeds up to M = 1,6, the cone moved forward, and when this threshold was exceeded, it moved in, after which the engine switched to direct-flow mode. The supersonic air flow on the outer part of the cone was compressed, as a result of which the flow velocity fell, but its pressure and temperature increased. After that, the air was divided into two streams: one was directed to the 4-speed compressor, the second was burned in the afterburner. This made it possible for the SR-71 to reach speeds greater than M = 3 and to maintain a cruising speed of M = 2,8. It should be noted that malfunctions in the engine management system have plagued the Blackbird throughout stories its operation - 1964-1998 years. In addition, at high speeds, consumption was about 600 kilogram per minute, which is why the flight radius was equal to just 2 thousand km - without refueling less than 1 flight hours.

When creating the SR-72 reconnaissance aircraft, the American aircraft designers will have to solve several complex technical problems that will primarily concern the heating of the hull during hypersonic flight and the power plant. Lockheed Martin experts believe that at the present stage of development of technology and science, this goal is achievable, and the first optional manned flight prototype of the SR-72 will be ready in the 2023 year. The new aircraft will be smaller than the F-22 fighter. By 2030, the SR-72 will enter military service.

Modern air defense systems in typical conditions of combat use can not intercept an aircraft having such characteristics as that of the promising hypersonic reconnaissance SR-72. The Soviet air defense systems at the time were also not able to intercept the SR-71.

The new aircraft, equipped with precision weapons and capable of flying at hypersonic speed, will be virtually invulnerable to modern air defense systems. At one time, Blackbird carried out a large number of reconnaissance flights, including flights over the territories of the war-ridden Middle East and Vietnam, and also invaded the territory of the Soviet Union. Despite such flights, which were deadly for other types of aircraft, the SR-71 flying at a speed of about M = 3 successfully escaped from fighter-interceptors and anti-aircraft missiles. Despite the fact that almost every time Blackbird was detected, they tried to intercept it, during the 34 of the SR-71 use there was not a single combat loss: all 12 disasters were associated with piloting errors or technical malfunctions.

According to the site http://rnd.cnews.ru
46 comments
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  1. stalker
    stalker 6 November 2013 09: 53
    10
    By 2030, the SR-72 will go to military service. by then we will find council on him.
    1. Megatron
      Megatron 6 November 2013 11: 45
      15
      I hope that America in its current form will not reach 2023))))
      1. Versed
        Versed 7 November 2013 01: 31
        -7
        Yes, you have been hoping since 1917, only now The Russian Empire collapsed, the Scoop shamefully fell apart, Russia turns into a caliphate, the country produces nothing ... except for the most expensive cuts in history in the form of the Olympics lol

        and the United States is developing, the country's economy is growing, it has the most powerful army in the world, NATO has expanded, missile defense stands at the borders of Russia.
        And this one multipurpose / hypersonic drone they’ll build and put into service, and even if they don’t, they will create something else, even better. good
    2. Nevsky_ZU
      Nevsky_ZU 6 November 2013 12: 04
      +9
      Lockheed Martin experts believe that at the present stage of development of technology and science, this goal is achievable, and the first optional manned flight prototype of the SR-72 will be ready in the 2023 year.


      Let them start Detroit to feed and warm:

      1. Papakiko
        Papakiko 6 November 2013 15: 59
        +4
        Quote: Nevsky_ZU
        Let them feed and warm Detroit first

        And there are mostly negros and they do not get used to "dissolve the steering wheel without salt."
        Quote: Lazer
        At such a high speed, the aircraft will be little maneuverable, and therefore its trajectory can be tracked and warned.

        Quote: lelikas
        And I really want to see how he will use his precision weapons on 6 Machs.

        In the first case, the train will drive straight ahead.
        In the second case, it will simply burst.
        The new aircraft will be smaller than the F-22 fighter.
        And what kind of fuel will it fly?
        The whole article is entirely slaughter and a set of gossip fantasies.
        And finally the name is just "5 foot of a dog".
        Stratospheric drone for disarming first strike
        , this is closer to the truth.
        The fact that under this program the mattresses will develop new rocket boosters and new monoblocks of nuclear weapons (maybe multi-block, but certainly not reusable !. And the pictures under the DARPA ego were in the internet, and here the article is probably 10th!
      2. Versed
        Versed 7 November 2013 01: 38
        -4
        I really like the care of a poor Ukraine about Americans lol
    3. AVV
      AVV 6 November 2013 14: 46
      +2
      For every tricky bolt, there is a nut, let them not deceive themselves !!!
      1. I do not care
        I do not care 6 November 2013 18: 12
        +1
        no words, just fool
    4. Versed
      Versed 7 November 2013 01: 58
      -7
      You didn’t find council on SR-71, but on this ... by 2030 Russia will no longer exist laughing
      1. Kir
        Kir 7 November 2013 02: 28
        +2
        Yes, you look from the paid ones, forgive me of course, but as soon as they were not afraid to quietly crawl out onto the street, the uneven hour slam shut !!!
  2. Col.
    Col. 6 November 2013 10: 14
    10
    Dreaming is not harmful. I think that it is impossible to build such a plane at the present stage of development of engineering and technology. If the fuel consumption of the SR-71 was 600 liters per minute, then what will be the fuel consumption of the SR-72 at twice the speed? And its dimensions will be half as much! Where can it fly if all the fuel burns in 10 minutes? The problem turns out ...
    1. lelikas
      lelikas 6 November 2013 10: 35
      +7
      Quote: Colonel
      Where can it fly if all the fuel burns in 10 minutes?

      A hypersonic tanker will constantly fly behind it.
      And on the bottom view, the MiG-29 looks like.
    2. newnutella
      newnutella 6 November 2013 10: 50
      0
      amendment. 600 kg And as for the density, the output of 1 kg was a little more than a liter.
    3. Bear52
      Bear52 6 November 2013 16: 06
      0
      Colonel SU
      To dream is not harmful.
      I also think that the article is more like a mixture of "wishlist" with "scarecrows". They gore "swallow dust" (C) and throw greens into the firebox. bully
    4. Nayhas
      Nayhas 6 November 2013 23: 19
      +1
      Quote: Colonel
      Dreaming is not harmful. I think that it is impossible to build such a plane at the present stage of development of engineering and technology.

      Designers at Skunk Works always set themselves impossible tasks, without which there is no progress. Thanks to this, Lockheed Martin is currently the most advanced weapon and systems development company in the world. So do not predict the failure in advance ...
    5. gridasov
      gridasov 7 November 2013 14: 33
      0
      It is possible to build such an apparatus if redistribution of the electric polarization of the apparatus is carried out. In general, the flight is considered not as aerodynamics, but as an electromagnetic process. And the turbines should be fundamentally different.
      1. Kir
        Kir 7 November 2013 14: 40
        0
        Everything is much simpler and more complex - a plasma cocoon.
  3. JonnyT
    JonnyT 6 November 2013 10: 20
    +2
    If the cost of the "Blackbird" was high, and America, being at dawn, somehow pulled it. Then most likely the cost of the SR-72 will be simply astronomical, where they will take funds for its maintenance ... here one FU-35 will suck all the money ...
    1. studentmati
      studentmati 6 November 2013 23: 37
      0
      Quote: JonnyT
      If the cost of the "Blackbird" was high, and America, being at dawn, somehow pulled it. Then most likely the cost of the SR-72 will be simply astronomical, where will they get funds for its maintenance ....here one FU-35 will suck all the money .....


      They will sell it to Russia, and Russia will willingly buy another pile of Fed's debt receipts.
  4. Leisure
    Leisure 6 November 2013 10: 32
    +7
    For each hypersonic aircraft, there is its own hypersonic missile.
    At such a high speed, the aircraft will be little maneuverable, and therefore its trajectory can be tracked and warned.
    1. lelikas
      lelikas 6 November 2013 10: 40
      +7
      And I really want to see how he will use his precision weapons on 6 Machs.
      1. AVV
        AVV 6 November 2013 15: 01
        0
        Especially how it will be guided by GPS at such a speed! This is only the dream of mattresses !!!
        1. Altair
          Altair 7 November 2013 19: 21
          0
          Quote: AVV
          Especially how it will be guided by GPS at such a speed! This is only the dream of mattresses !!!

          Improved precision NMR can invert inertial navigation
          http://topwar.ru/34355-yamr-povyshennoy-tochnosti-mozhet-perevernut-inercialnuyu
          -navigaciyu.html
  5. Igor39
    Igor39 6 November 2013 10: 56
    +3
    In my opinion, it’s generally stupid to expect what will happen in 2030.
  6. Fobos-grunt
    Fobos-grunt 6 November 2013 10: 57
    +4
    In hypersonic aviation, the most vulnerable spot is the pilot. In order for the direct-flow engine to work, the device needs to be accelerated to a speed of more than 1000 Km / H. If this is done instantly, the pilot will “spread” the seat overloading more than 15G. The unmanned mode will simplify and facilitate the design of the aircraft and reduce the cost in comparison with the “inhabited SR-71”
  7. The Indian Joe
    The Indian Joe 6 November 2013 11: 15
    +8
    And here’s the target for the S-500!
    1. bootlegger
      bootlegger 6 November 2013 22: 05
      -2
      The target concept, for the S-500, they still have to develop and develop.
      And 6 misses, this is for the S-400 only ...
  8. Shep
    Shep 6 November 2013 11: 19
    +3
    Quote: Native American Joe
    And here’s the target for the S-500!

    raised my mood in the morning))))
  9. rubin6286
    rubin6286 6 November 2013 11: 31
    +5
    The idea of ​​creating hypersonic aircraft is not new. Developed countries, as technology develops, return to it again and again. Unfortunately, there are more problems than achievements. Whether SR-71 was invulnerable for air defense systems in the 70-80s, I can’t judge, but when flying along the northern border of the USSR, our MiG-25s at an altitude of 20 thousand meters successfully caught up with them and reached the intercept line, which led to the cessation of such flights, and anti-aircraft missiles of that time were designed to destroy air targets flying at an altitude of up to 30 km at a speed of 3200 km / h and could also reach it, it was clearly visible on the radar screens. The SR-71 flew fast, but not at all as fast as they write about it abroad. Violet, running at a speed of 2600 km / h, in the sky he looked unusually impressive. The pilots of our long-range aviation today can only dream of such speed. I have not seen the effectiveness of using information in the open press as a scout, it is only known that these planes are currently out of service.

    Is there a future for hypersonic aircraft, time will tell.
    1. gridasov
      gridasov 7 November 2013 14: 30
      0
      In the context of how technical issues are resolved, there is definitely no future. Hypersonic speeds are no longer aerodynamic technologies, but electro-magnetic ones.
      Everyone perceives it as obvious that in layers of a dense medium of air, gases, water, etc. at "high" flight speeds on the front of the LA. a heating zone or high density of interaction between the medium and the apparatus is formed. Or correctly say the potential difference between the body of L.A. and the environment. But! If this potential difference is in one section of the linear segment of the conductor, then the aircraft is bypassed, then the potential difference of this medium is formed at the end of the apparatus. Again, But! With an increase in the potential difference at the ends of the conductor, they lead to its rupture. Therefore, it is possible to calculate with absolute certainty and say in what place and why an explosion or destruction occurs. The reasons and scientific rationale are very simple, but since everyone considers the process as aerodynamic, the problem cannot be solved. Here is the answer.
  10. Pacifist
    Pacifist 6 November 2013 11: 33
    +5
    SR-71 ceased to fly into the airspace of the USSR after the appearance of the MIG-25. Moreover, the SR-71 is a real van der Wafer, with amazing features ... but it can do nothing but fly fast and engage in reconnaissance. MIG-25, capable of intercepting a real combat aircraft with all the ensuing from it. Despite the numerous attempts by the United States to create a combat aircraft with the characteristics of the SR-71, all of them ended at the design stage, with a failure due to the incredible cost ... So the value of the SR-71 is purely design, it’s the Wonder Wafer.
    1. Col.
      Col. 6 November 2013 11: 56
      +6
      Quote: Pacifist
      but knowing nothing but flying fast and doing intelligence.


      By the way, I recalled an interesting fact: when flying on M = 2.8, the SR-71 fuselage was extended by 7 cm from heating.
      1. SSR
        SSR 6 November 2013 21: 14
        +1
        + And for this reason, fuel was constantly flowing out of the slots in the parking lot.
    2. mark1
      mark1 6 November 2013 14: 36
      +4
      In the 80s, I was serving in the air defense. When, when we entered the DB, they announced to us the appearance of SR-71 at neighboring foreign airfields, a "holiday" was coming for us, I do not know how the MiG-25s drove it (they simply did not tell us the soldiers about this), but the 200th complexes I scored cleanly with interference (the words of the corps commander when interceding on the base) and it was another gift for our air defense.
    3. Motors1991
      Motors1991 6 November 2013 23: 14
      -1
      The cruising speed of the MIG-25 at an altitude of 25000 meters is 2700 km / h, the maximum ceiling is 3500 km / h and the ceiling is 39000 meters. Upon detection, the American was an easy victim of the MIG.
      1. Do not care
        Do not care 7 November 2013 08: 11
        +1
        Al himself came up with who helped?
  11. Alexan
    Alexan 6 November 2013 11: 41
    +9
    Well, I just don't understand the rating on the site for the article. If they write about amerikosov or Ukraine - obviously "cons". No one cares about cognitive value. As if this is not "Military Review", but "Patriotic Review" (or - "obscenity")
    1. Basileus
      Basileus 6 November 2013 11: 58
      +5
      Hooray review - this is obvious)
    2. ivanovbg
      ivanovbg 6 November 2013 21: 54
      0
      I, too, would not mind the upholstering of mattresses when a suitable case falls out, but the enemy should not be underestimated. From me, of course, + for the article.
    3. Do not care
      Do not care 7 November 2013 08: 12
      0
      "Military P'Suspicious"
  12. standmit
    standmit 6 November 2013 11: 44
    +4
    Well, the statement that this device will be able to reach the central regions of Russia with impunity is very bold. Such devices should have a monstrous engine power, which means it is quite realistic to set our missile attack early warning system on it. Further, it is simple to warn the Americans that we will regard the take-off of such an apparatus as an act of aggression and are preparing for a retaliatory nuclear strike. Thus, we simply introduce a global ban on the inconsistent use of such devices.
  13. Basileus
    Basileus 6 November 2013 11: 57
    +3
    Given that the US is constantly opening programs and constantly shutting them down for budget reasons, it is unlikely that the bird will live up to 30 years. But at the moment I’m the only one who has set a plus for the article - progress is always good, it doesn’t matter whether we have it or with them.
  14. Grifan
    Grifan 6 November 2013 12: 24
    0
    I drank another bubble quite at the level of F22 / 35, to see those projects is already somehow uncomfortable to milk :)
  15. Tan4ik
    Tan4ik 6 November 2013 12: 32
    +1
    Yes, our air defense will find a way against this rubbish lol
  16. Admiral 013
    Admiral 013 6 November 2013 12: 56
    +3
    s-500 in the future demotivates sr-72!
  17. Evgeny_Lev
    Evgeny_Lev 6 November 2013 13: 41
    10
    Previously, they sawed on the word "invisible", now "invulnerable", by 2100 they will start to saw on the word "divine".
    1. SSR
      SSR 6 November 2013 21: 18
      +1
      Quote: Evgeny_Lev
      by 2100 they will begin to cut on the word divine

      This will be called God mode))))
  18. pensioner
    pensioner 6 November 2013 13: 48
    +1
    SR-72 will be the first hypersonic aircraft, adopted into service.
    Yeah. Schazzzzzzz. Do it first ... Well, try it repeat .
  19. twister
    twister 6 November 2013 15: 27
    0
    The Chinese will read this little article and in a year we will be able to observe aircraft of this form ..... probably!
  20. fennekRUS
    fennekRUS 6 November 2013 16: 32
    +2
    Somehow, after reading.
  21. Russen barbar
    Russen barbar 6 November 2013 19: 27
    -1
    The SR-72 Blackbird is somewhat similar to the 4th generation T-195 (T-95) project tank. Theoretically, such an aircraft can and possibly will be built in the near future, but how much will it be economically viable and tactically useful? The T-195 is also controversial - it is 100% automated, but how much will the country cost, who will be able to assemble it and how reliable will it show itself in actual battles?
  22. Lone gunman
    Lone gunman 6 November 2013 19: 34
    0
    A dead project, what the Americans have "pumped up"))) ... it would be better to do business ... the world economy ...
  23. DimYang
    DimYang 6 November 2013 20: 27
    0
    They will create, they will not create, there is no reason to guess. For a long time I heard that in the times of the USSR it was against such "sharp" ones that something like a directional electromagnetic pulse weapon was created. A shot and a piece of iron with burnt-out electronics flies to the ground. I don't know if this is true or not, but the idea is great. The cost of a shot, I think, should be less than the cost of a rocket. And hitting the target is 100%. Is it just interesting that work is underway in this direction now?
  24. 0255
    0255 6 November 2013 22: 56
    0
    For some reason, in the US, all orders for new aircraft go to Lockheed ... Maybe Poghosyan's distant American relative is flying Lockheed? wassat
  25. disa
    disa 6 November 2013 23: 33
    +1
    ... it's okay ... the Russians will build a hypersonic MiG-25 from materials that are an order of magnitude cheaper than those used by the Americans, as in the case of the SR-71 Blackbird, which used titanium, while our fighter with a speed of three machinations and the ability to intercept targets at a speed of four Mach was built out of scarce stainless steel without any special frills .., because the Americans could not use the SR-71 Blackbird as a fighter-interceptor precisely because of its technological high cost and only because of this they made it an "over-unattainable" reconnaissance ... what is ours to them with a brush ... they lost to us in this once, they will lose the second ....
  26. uzer 13
    uzer 13 7 November 2013 00: 35
    0
    Lockheed in his role, but something doesn’t grow together in the declared characteristics of the aircraft. It is too small in size, power units have not yet been made, there may be big problems with financing, where to place fuel, weapons and equipment in it? that was 30 years ago and is on the verge of bankruptcy. If the F-22 can not afford, then where to get the funds for such a very expensive project?
    1. Versed
      Versed 7 November 2013 01: 36
      -2
      Is the US economy wrong? Yes not that, she became even better, stable growth. good

      F-22 contain can not afford? who told you this nonsense? lol
  27. Kir
    Kir 7 November 2013 02: 50
    0
    Another advertisement for a nonexistent product, as we remember, more than once on paper and in ceremonial broadcasts, the world was frightened either by the percentage of hit nik erkules at 75% and in fact 23, then by the super series SR-71 YF-12 yeah it turned out, maneuverability is simply beyond the reach of one radius U-turns at full speed, coupled with the maneuverability of what they cost, then the F-117 and B-2 series of irons are also super-yes, the price is super, but what about the functionality, oh yes, choose the right goals that can’t adequately answer, etc., etc. P.
    The only thing they will probably be able to master is if "our" help them, then .......
    In short, wait and see, But the main thing is not to forget to thin out the weeds in your garden - bought mongrels mercilessly scrub.