Military Review

Russian-French projects of armored combat vehicles

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One of the main innovations of the exhibition Russian Arms Expo-2013, held in late September, was a promising heavy-duty infantry fighting vehicle “Atom”. This BMP was the result of cooperation between Russian and French specialists. The French companies Renault Trucks Defense and Nexter Systems, the Russian enterprise Uralvagonzavod and the Central Research Institute Burevestnik, using the available experience, created a promising combat vehicle that may be of interest to a large number of potential customers. It should be noted that the Atom project is not the first or only result of Russian-French cooperation in the development of armored combat vehicles. Similar projects began to appear several years ago.


VBL Kornet

In the middle of the last decade, the French company Panhard and the Russian Instrument Engineering Design Bureau (PCU) demonstrated their new joint development at several international exhibitions of weapons and military equipment. In the course of the joint project, the French and Russian organizations used the existing developments, which made it possible to create a relatively simple combat vehicle capable of effectively fighting the armored vehicles and fortifications of the enemy.

Russian-French projects of armored combat vehicles


A project called VBL Kornet meant using a French-made VBL armored car as the carrier of the Russian Quartet combat module with anti-tank missiles. The base armored vehicle did not undergo any changes during the installation of the combat module, thanks to which its characteristics remained at the same level. The VBL Kornet fighting vehicle could speed up to 95 km / h and carry up to four people, including the driver. Protection of the body of the base armored car corresponded to the first level of the NATO standard STANAG 4569: the armor plates protected the crew from rifle bullets of caliber 7,62 mm.

The VBL Kornet project implied the installation of a Russian combat module on a French armored car. The combat module "Quartet" is actually a launcher of the anti-tank missile complex "Kornet-E", the design of which is changed to be installed on various types of equipment. A rotary platform is installed on the shoulder strap of the base machine, which serves as the basis for all units of the combat module. On the upper part of the platform, a block of sighting equipment and fastenings for four transport and launch containers with missiles are mounted. The control panel and other devices of the operator’s workplace are mounted to the lower part of the platform. The total weight of the combat module is 600 kg.

The equipment of the “Conret-E” complex, which uses semi-automatic laser beam guidance, ensures the destruction of targets at a distance of up to 5500 meters. When using a thermal channel of sight, the range is reduced to 4500 m. Four transport-launch containers with guided missiles are simultaneously installed on the mountings of the combat module. Additional ammunition can be carried inside the base vehicle. The capabilities of the VBL armored vehicle made it possible to place five containers with missiles inside the hull.

Panhard VBL armored cars are operated in more than a dozen countries, primarily in Africa and South America. These states were considered as the main customers of the anti-tank combat vehicle VBL Kornet. In particular, and for this reason, the promotional materials mentioned the possibility of installing the Quartet combat module on the base machine under the conditions of a military workshop. Domestic and foreign experts highly appreciated the prospects of the new French-Russian combat vehicle. However, after several demonstrations at international exhibitions, armored cars with anti-tank weapons VBL Kornet did not become the subject of contracts. None of the countries considered as a potential buyer showed a desire to purchase Russian-French equipment produced together.

ASTAIS-VBL

The cooperation of the Tula KBP and the French company Panhard did not bear fruit, but, nevertheless, showed the prospects for international cooperation. At the recent salon of arms and military equipment Interpolitech-2013, the Russian company Asteys and the French Renault Truck Defense revealed their plans. In the near future, these companies intend to begin production of modernized VBL armored vehicles for the needs of Russian security forces.



A few years ago, Renault Truck Defense acquired Panhard and is now developing the VBL project. The next step in this direction is the project with the code name ASTAIS-VBL. The initiator of this project was a Russian company, which studied the state of domestic and foreign developments in the field of light combat armored vehicles. According to the results of comparisons of several armored vehicles, the French VBL in an upgraded version was recognized as the most interesting and relevant requirements of the security forces. At the same time, it is planned not only to purchase equipment abroad, but to start assembling new machines at Russian production facilities.

At the Interpolitech-2013 exhibition, representatives of Asteys told about further joint plans. Next year, the companies participating in the project intend to assemble the first batch of ASTAIS-VBL machines at one of the Russian enterprises. The power plant and chassis of the new cars will be delivered from France, and the body, instrumentation, etc. will do in Russia. The assembly of armored cars will also be conducted by Russian specialists. The joint project involves the construction of machines modification VBL Mk 2, which differs from the basic version of a more powerful engine. Turbocharged diesel Steyr M14 horsepower 129 hp will increase the maximum speed of the armored vehicle to 110 km / h, as well as increase the load capacity to 900 kg.

The first batch of ASTAIS-VBL armored vehicles will consist of 5-10 vehicles that will be tested at the test site, and then transferred to the Russian Ministry of the Interior. The units of the Ministry of Internal Affairs must accept the armored vehicles for trial operation and draw appropriate conclusions from its results. If the Russian security officials are satisfied with the equipment of joint Russian-French production, its full-scale mass production will begin.

Reserve for the future

In the near future, the emergence of new projects, jointly implemented by Russian and French designers. According to available information, now the Tula Instrument Engineering Design Bureau is in talks with Renault Truck Defense. It is proposed to create another combat armored vehicle armed with anti-tank missiles. As a basis for it, it is proposed to use the Renault Sherpa Light Scout armored car, and the Quartet or Quartet-M combat module that uses the Cornet family of anti-tank missiles can be a weapon. For obvious reasons, the exact appearance and future fate of this project has not yet been determined.



Finally, it is necessary to mention once again the Atom project, the first result of which was demonstrated at the Russian Arms Expo-2013 exhibition. During this project, it is planned to create a wheeled armored platform suitable for use as the basis for combat vehicles of various classes. Thus, in the promotional materials presented at the exhibition, it was argued that the Atom armored platform could become a base for heavy-duty infantry fighting vehicles with 57-mm automatic cannon, self-propelled artillery 120 mm anti-aircraft gun, ambulance and other military equipment.

Unfortunately, to date, not a single Russian-French project of armored combat vehicles has become the subject of orders and has not reached the stage of mass production. In the foreseeable future, new types of equipment will be offered to Russian and foreign customers and it is quite possible that they will interest potential buyers.


On the materials of the sites:
http://lenta.ru/
http://ria.ru/
http://vpk-news.ru/
http://bmpd.livejournal.com/
http://kbptula.ru/
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  1. Strashila
    Strashila 7 November 2013 09: 06
    +5
    "This BMP is the result of cooperation between Russian and French specialists. French companies Renault Trucks Defense and Nexter Systems, the Russian enterprise Uralvagonzavod and the Central Research Institute Burevestnik, using the existing developments, have created a promising combat vehicle that may be of interest to a large number of potential customers." ... BTR-40, the BTR-40 will remain so ... even after 60 years ... everything else is from the evil one.
  2. Akim
    Akim 7 November 2013 09: 58
    +3
    Carrier ATGM can not be considered a joint armored car. This is just a donor.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 7 November 2013 10: 04
      0
      Who is the "donor"?
      1. Akim
        Akim 7 November 2013 10: 14
        +2
        Body, platform. A bunch of different ATGM variants are also attached to the Turkish "Cobra". He can’t call it a joint armored vehicle.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 7 November 2013 10: 23
          +1
          The combat module was installed by the French. They also altered the car. You cannot compare with "Cobras". There is a big difference between installing an ATGM on a swivel and creating a special launcher as in the case of the VBL Kornet
          1. Akim
            Akim 7 November 2013 10: 46
            +5
            Also joint development is only tripartite wassat
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 7 November 2013 11: 33
              0
              Not really. Representatives of the company producing the platform did not participate in the creation of this model of weapons.
              1. Akim
                Akim 7 November 2013 11: 55
                0
                Quote: Spade
                Representatives of the company producing the platform did not participate in the creation of this model of weapons.

                It can not be. Any chassis must have the appropriate permission from the manufacturer, unless of course this is not a makeshift work.
            2. bask
              bask 7 November 2013 17: 19
              +1
              Quote: Akim
              joint development only tripartite

              In Chechnya, 2 armored Niva were used. Much better and newer than this pipelats.
              And what would a waterfowl be, bring to mind, bring to mind, modernize and put mine protection on the BRDM 2 armored vehicle "Vodnik".
              And if you buy technology, then the most advanced.
              1. marshes
                marshes 7 November 2013 18: 03
                0
                Quote: bask
                In Chechnya, 2 armored Niva used.

                Greetings!
                And it is possible in more detail.
                My friends with the new Niva had a problem, on the right wheel the lower ball jumped out, they took specifically 4x4 Made in but not Kazakhstan.
              2. Lopatov
                Lopatov 7 November 2013 22: 19
                0
                "Vodnik" despite the name, the device is not floating
                1. max702
                  max702 7 November 2013 23: 52
                  +2
                  Uh .. it’s kind of like swimming badly but swimming, http: // Russian-force.
  3. Owl
    Owl 7 November 2013 10: 24
    +8
    With the same success can be considered the "screwdriver" assembly "Renault-Logan", on the territory of the former AZLK. In recent years, none of the "joint" enterprises has brought a worthy contribution to the industry and science of Russia. We must be honest, we bought machines and mastered the production of rifles - this is not a joint production, we bought a license - not a joint production, I am not against development using enemy technologies, but you need to be honest and call the equipment of the 70s and 80s of the last century exactly as outdated French armored vehicles that are not in demand in the market of "third countries".
  4. ka5280
    ka5280 7 November 2013 10: 48
    0
    Maybe I don’t understand what, but it seems to me that this is the same BRDM with only a different name. But for tactical use, everything is the same.
    1. The comment was deleted.
  5. vomag
    vomag 7 November 2013 11: 00
    +3
    And in my opinion all this crap is complete! the French are trying to offer us nothing (****** bad people get to the next use of money) we have our own tigers of wolf bears, etc. etc. It’s enough in full, so to speak, only to the troops, so don’t give the Frenchmen angry
    1. Akim
      Akim 7 November 2013 11: 11
      0
      Quote: vomag
      the French have nothing to offer us

      They have something to offer, but the Western powers have driven themselves into a high-tech expensive trap. Everyone knows that war is expensive and costly. And not every country can afford new, oversaturated electronics technology.
    2. Lopatov
      Lopatov 7 November 2013 11: 36
      -1
      Quote: vomag
      we have our own tigers of wolf bears, etc. etc. enough in full, so to speak

      They have a problem - they are not floating. And VBL- yes. And that is precisely why the Russian border guards became so interested in them.
      1. cth; fyn
        cth; fyn 7 November 2013 12: 30
        +1
        and also VBL armor does not hold automatic bullets ...
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 7 November 2013 13: 44
          0
          Feel free, but not confirmed.
          1. cth; fyn
            cth; fyn 7 November 2013 15: 11
            +1
            the first class of protection according to STANAG 4569, now it is more clear? heat-strengthened 7,62x39 and flashlights.
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 7 November 2013 15: 32
              0
              Of course it’s clearer. NATO machine gun cartridge with a conventional bullet from 50 meters. So?
              1. cth; fyn
                cth; fyn 7 November 2013 16: 04
                +1
                Level 1
                bulletproof protection: M80 bullet (simple) of a cartridge of 7,62 mm x 51 at a distance of 30 meters at a meeting speed of 833 m / s
                or a bullet SS 109 cartridge 5,56 × 45 mm NATO at a distance of 30 meters at a meeting speed of 900 m / s
                or an M193 bullet (simple) of a 5,56 × 45 mm NATO cartridge at a distance of 30 meters at a meeting speed of 937 m / s
                bullet approach angle (direction): 360 ° (round)
                anti-fragmentation protection: detonation of 155 mm high-explosive fragmentation shell at a distance of 100 m
                mine protection: Hand grenades, unexploded ordnance of artillery shells and anti-personnel explosive devices when detonated under a vehicle.
                Level 2

                bulletproof protection: bullet BZ armor-piercing incendiary cartridge 7,62mm x 39 at a distance of 30 meters with a meeting speed of 695 m / s
                bullet approach angle (direction): 360 ° (round)
                anti-fragmentation protection: detonation of 155 mm high-explosive fragmentation shell at a distance of 80 m
                mine protection: detonation of a high-explosive anti-tank mine (charge mass 6 kg BB):
                2а - undermining a mine from a push action when hitting a wheel or a caterpillar
                2b - mine detonation under the bottom.
                Level 3

                bulletproof protection: armor-piercing bullet Bofors Carl Gustaf FFV, other designation AP M993 [2] (WC core) cartridge 7,62 mm x 51 at a distance of 30 meters at a meeting speed of 930 m / s
                bullet approach angle (direction): 360 ° (round)
                anti-splinter protection: detonation of 155 mm projectile at a distance of 60 m
                mine protection: detonation of a high-explosive anti-tank mine (charge mass 8 kg BB):
                3а - undermining a mine from a push action when hitting a wheel or a caterpillar
                3b - mine detonation under the bottom.
                Level 4

                bulletproof protection: a B-32 bullet of a cartridge of 14,5 mm x 114 at a distance of 200 meters with a meeting speed of 911 m / s
                bullet approach angle (direction): 360 ° (round)
                anti-fragmentation protection: detonation of 155 mm high-explosive fragmentation shell at a distance of 30 m
                mine protection: detonation of a high-explosive anti-tank mine (charge mass 10 kg BB):
                4а - undermining a mine from a push action when hitting a wheel or a caterpillar
                4b - mine detonation under the bottom.
                Level 5

                anti-shell protection: 25 mm APDS-T type armor-piercing projectile (with compartment), Oerlikon-Contrave cartridge index PMB 073 at a distance of 500 meters at a meeting speed of 1258 m / s
                angle (direction) of the projectile approach: from the front sector of the shelling ± 30 °, including sides
                anti-fragmentation protection: detonation of 155 mm high-explosive fragmentation shell at a distance of 25 m
                mine protection: no data

                Well, still not a confirmed fact? I'm afraid to think what "Cliff" will do to him.
                1. Lopatov
                  Lopatov 7 November 2013 17: 30
                  +2
                  So what? Every second violator of our state border "Cliff" drags on the hump?
                  1. cth; fyn
                    cth; fyn 8 November 2013 14: 23
                    0
                    In the first Chechen region, 7.62 Kalash were very popular among the Wahhabis and there were plenty of heavy machine guns, and the Dudaev troika has a machine gun (it’s clear that it’s not Utes, but this frog and PC are enough).
      2. avt
        avt 7 November 2013 17: 20
        +2
        Quote: Spade
        They have a problem - they are not floating. And VBL- yes.

        And what is the problem to bring Vodnik to this level?
        Quote: Spade
        And that is precisely why the Russian border guards became so interested in them.

        It was precisely that the management, "was concerned" exactly at the same time when the stooltkin "Iveka" pushed through, you see, they immediately appreciated the advantage of $ joint projects in such a super-tech sphere as light armored vehicles.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 7 November 2013 22: 41
          0
          Quote: avt
          And what is the problem to bring Vodnik to this level?

          Teach him to swim?
          1. max702
            max702 8 November 2013 00: 01
            +2
            Yes, he swims! floats! Watch for 40 seconds http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-80TWm_vOb4
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. Cynic
    Cynic 7 November 2013 11: 25
    +1
    And who paid actually?
    Again, gratuitous help to the French, they purchase a little Mistral?
  8. RUSS
    RUSS 7 November 2013 11: 51
    +3
    Unfortunately, to date, not a single Russian-French project of armored combat vehicles has become the subject of orders and has not reached the stage of mass production. In the foreseeable future, new types of equipment will be offered to Russian and foreign customers and it is quite possible that they will interest potential buyers.

    And to be honest it pleases, there are own developments and ready-made "devices", we don't need this French stuff.
  9. cth; fyn
    cth; fyn 7 November 2013 12: 29
    +1
    Vbl? Yes, his own Kalash parses for parts.
  10. Kars
    Kars 7 November 2013 12: 33
    +3
    It is strange why this news is missed.

    Uralvagonzavod entered into a long-term strategic partnership with France
    05.11.2013/16/49 at 7:XNUMX Section: The whole society, All technologies, The whole economy. Comments: XNUMX
    The relevant agreement between UVZ Corporation and the French company SAGEM Defense Securite, a member of the SAFRAN group, was signed by UVZ Director General Oleg Sienko and Executive Vice President of the SAFRAN Group for International Development Bruno Cottet. Under this agreement, the parties agreed to use optical-electronic equipment and other high-tech products of a foreign company on armored vehicles and artillery systems manufactured by the UVZ corporation, whose parent company is located in Nizhny Tagil. SAGEM Defense Securite is one of the world and European leaders in the field of optoelectronics, aviation electronics, and software for civil and military aviation. It ranks first in Europe and third in the world in inertial navigation systems for aviation, marine vessels and ground equipment.

    1. Cynic
      Cynic 7 November 2013 12: 50
      +1
      Quote: Kars
      It is strange why this news is missed.

      Is this news?
      Here is the fact that our heads weren’t torn off by those responsible for such electronics, this is strange.
    2. cth; fyn
      cth; fyn 7 November 2013 12: 52
      0
      Do they seem to have set French sights on the T-90S for a long time, or did the old contract end and they decided to re-sign?
  11. kafa
    kafa 7 November 2013 13: 40
    +1
    WHO did not recognize the BA-10. ... ANY QUESTIONS!?
  12. kafa
    kafa 7 November 2013 13: 40
    0
    WHO did not recognize the BA-10. ... ANY QUESTIONS!?
  13. Tommygun
    Tommygun 7 November 2013 14: 32
    +1
    So what are you "Lada Largus" !!! wassat
  14. Russ69
    Russ69 7 November 2013 14: 53
    +1
    Why not cooperate? You can create equipment for export. It is not necessary to take up the armaments ourselves. Customers are now fastidious went. as they say: "any whim, for your money" ...
  15. marshes
    marshes 7 November 2013 17: 07
    0
    Now it seems the French are not burdened with the rights to transfer military technology, just like not long ago they returned to NATO. So you can see how rich they are. By the way, in Kazakhstan their two armored personnel carriers were tested while there is no data.
  16. Massik
    Massik 7 November 2013 23: 59
    +1
    I can’t understand what all these developments are aimed at, for small armies in which there is nothing heavier than BMP? I understand that all means are good, but is it really impossible to move from armored vehicles to something more substantial? A normal drone would be better developed, rather than a mobile drone, the variants of which are at least a spade.
  17. sanych your division
    sanych your division 8 November 2013 03: 00
    +1
    A concrete example of the Russian-French saw-off community. In France itself, cars are being written off as morally obsolete and frankly worthless. And as for the cars on the car, I’ll say one thing: a car with a turret under the M50 12, 7 already at 60 km / h behaves extremely unstable and is prone to tipping over, so it only exhibitions and place. Yes, and the service also gave heat especially its automatic transmission. In general, complete nonsense: both the machine and the article
  18. tchoni
    tchoni 14 November 2013 12: 39
    0
    There is a need for light patrol armor for the needs of reconnaissance, patrolling, escorting convoys and combat security. But this device, and even with an anti-tank complex, is not to the village, not to the city.
    Need by and large armored with a small body (a place for landing). And the functions of anti-tank systems - this is an option .....
  19. R.R.A.
    R.R.A. 23 November 2013 18: 30
    0
    Quote: vomag
    And in my opinion all this crap is complete! the French are trying to offer us nothing (****** bad people get to the next use of money) we have our own tigers of wolf bears, etc. etc. It’s enough in full, so to speak, only to the troops, so don’t give the Frenchmen angry

    I completely agree why to buy someone else's armored car, if it is full of its developments that surpass this toy.
  20. kelevra
    kelevra 24 December 2013 23: 28
    0
    Why is all this! There are plenty of our developments in unfinished projects, we need to finish them. We tried at Serdyukov to buy several hundred Iveco cars from the Italians, thought better of it! We developed our Tiger and turned out a hundred times better.