Military Review

Intelligence genius who turned out to be unnecessary to the Motherland

44



Call the best Soviet intelligence is impossible. But all researchers in the top three always include Dmitry Bystroletov. Until now, the information obtained by him in the 30-ies, constitute state secrets and are of the highest degree of secrecy. In the International Museum of Intelligence (Washington, USA), a separate stand has been allocated to Bystroletov. What is famous Soviet intelligence?

Illegitimate son of Count Tolstoy

Dmitry Alexandrovich Bystroletov was born in 1901 in the village of Ak-Chor in Crimea and was the illegitimate son of Count Alexander Tolstoy, the elder brother of the famous writer A. N. Tolstoy. Until 1913, Dima lived and was raised in St. Petersburg in the family of his father’s close friends, where he received an excellent home education and upbringing. The typical fate of the extra-marital offspring of high-ranking officials and well-born nobles was military service. Property and titles were given to legitimate descendants, and bastards, at best, could expect to receive education and patronage at the beginning of their careers.

Following the already established order, Dmitry entered 1913 in the year of the naval cadet corps in Sevastopol and even managed to get to the First World War, the Turkish theater of military operations. In 1917, the earl recognized paternity (the rarest of cases), and Bystroletov was introduced to count dignity. But Dmitry didn’t see Pierre Bezukhov’s fate. The October Revolution abolished the estates and civil ranks with a special decree. The lush earl title bystroletov wore just 5 days.

Emigrant odyssey

The revolution has covered Bystroletova in the Crimea. A graduate of the nautical school enlisted in the Volunteer Army and served as part of its naval forces. But the service did not last long. Without serving a year, Bystroletov deserted and fled to Turkey. In 1920 he returned to the already Soviet Russia, and in 1921 he again crossed over to Turkey. Such convulsive throwing from one camp to another was not uncommon at that time. A lot of young people, before finally deciding on their choice, managed to make war between the whites and the reds, and in the “armies” of all sorts of tales and atamans.

In Turkey, Dmitry hired as a sailor and, hurting himself literally in everything, he saved money for moving to Europe. In May, 1923 got to Prague, then one of the centers of Russian emigration, and entered Charles University at the Faculty of Law.

Student Bystroletov quickly became known for his pro-Soviet sentiments, which he constantly demonstrated with maximalism inherent in his youth: he achieved Soviet citizenship, became secretary of the local branch of the Union of Students-Citizens of the USSR. The Prague newspapers often flashed his name, and even raised the issue of his expulsion from the country.

In the service of the USSR

Of course, the Soviet residency could not help but pay attention to the active young man, a supporter of the USSR. The recruitment took place without problems: if the Motherland needs him, if he can be useful to her, he is ready to serve Soviet Russia. He was given a job at a Soviet trade agency (this removed the question of his deportation). The first assignments consisted in viewing newspapers, and in finding information in this sea of ​​information of particular political, economic, and technical interest.

The level of difficulty of the tasks gradually increased. In 1925, a student of Bystroletov arrived in Moscow at the first congress of proletarian students as a delegate from the Union. He returned to Prague as a full-time employee of the Foreign Department of the OGPU, who was in charge of foreign intelligence.

Recruiter

Bystroletov became a recruiter. Documents, legend, "roof" - all this is aimed at hiding the true essence of the scout. The recruiter must constantly open in front of the "object". Misses, mistakes are unacceptable. A recruiter, like a sapper, is mistaken only once. Failure to recruit automatically leads to the failure of the scout. A state secret carrier who has broken the hook must immediately inform the relevant authorities about his contact with a foreign intelligence agent - this is an axiom. Hiding the very fact of a recruitment attempt (even unsuccessful) is already a crime.

Bystroletov began his work with the involvement of engineers and technical workers of the Škoda concern. Soon among his agents appeared representatives of business and financial circles. His professionalism was gradually honed, the value of the agents he recruited grew.

"Between times" Bystroletov graduated from the university, defended his thesis and received a doctorate in law.

In 1929, after 4's years of work “on the bodies”, Bystroletov collects the suitcases: he goes to Moscow. Behind him has already reserved a place in the Institute of the monopoly of foreign trade. Suddenly Golst comes to him - a resident of the Soviet intelligence in Czechoslovakia: “Dmitry, they transfer me to Berlin. You will go with me? Illegal? Think back tomorrow. ” Bystroletov not tormented by choice. All the cards were in favor of returning to Moscow. But in the morning, when Holst entered the room, he unexpectedly answered himself: "Yes."

Illegal

Began a series of endless transformations. The haughty English lord, the cheerful dobryachk the Hungarian count, the Canadian engineer constantly immersed in mathematical calculations, the enthusiastic Dutch artist, the successful Brazilian businessman, the ruthless American gangster - masks varied depending on a situation and a task. His reincarnations were absolute. Bystroletov learned secular manners and learned to shoot without taking his hands out of his pockets. It rotated among financial and industrial aces, in a circle of bohemians and in night taverns among port dockers and porters.

Not only the faces, but also the countries changed: the USA, Italy, Austria, Spain, Greece, England, France, Germany, Switzerland, Holland, South America and even Equatorial Africa. He was fluent in 22 languages: German, English, Flemish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish, French, Danish, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, Czech, Polish, Bulgarian, Slovak, Greek, Serbo-Croat, Turkish, Japanese, Chinese, and Esperanto .

Bystroletov became a specialist in obtaining secret ciphers and documents. He obtained the codes and codes of Germany, England, Finland, Italy, France, received secret documents from the US Department of State, had access to personal correspondence between Mussolini and Hitler. The agents he recruited include employees of the British Foreign Ministry, the French General Staff, officials of the foreign embassies of Italy, France, Czechoslovakia, and England.

An illegal scout rose to the highest spheres, and the British Foreign Secretary personally issued a diplomatic passport to “Sir Robert Grenville”, the second son of an English lord permanently residing in Canada, to an aristocrat in the seventh generation.
Dumas is resting!

At the same time, “on the job,” Bystroletov, under a foreign name, was trained at the University of Zurich at the Faculty of Medicine, defended a thesis, and in 1936 he received a doctorate in medicine degree.

Motherland asks, Motherland will not forget

No need to imagine the life of an illegal scout as an endless series of pleasant adventures. Every day of life under a false name brings the hour of failure. As early as July 1933, the resident foreign intelligence agent sent a radiogram to the Center stating that Andrei (pseudonym D. Bystroletova) is on the note of several foreign special services and can be eliminated at any time. The answer came from Moscow: "We all understand ... Priceless information ... Have a little more time ... the Motherland asks ... the Motherland will not forget ..." And Andrei has been walking along the edge of the abyss for three more years.

In December, 1936, Bystroletov himself asks the center to recall him: he is 17 years abroad, 11 is in intelligence, of which 6 is in an illegal situation, he is tired, he is on the verge of a psychological breakdown, he wants to go home to Russia.
At the beginning of 1937, Dmitry Bystroletov, after many years of wandering in a foreign land, finally returned to his homeland.

How "not forgotten" Motherland

Bystroletova met as a hero. He was personally thanked by the people's commissar Yezhov. Yesterday’s illegal, with his invaluable experience, became an employee of the central office, took part in creating the first textbook in the USSR for future intelligence officers. Bystroletov represent the rank of lieutenant of state security, and he is about to become a member of the CPSU (b).

It was the highest point of take-off, the fall began. In February, Bystroletov's 1938 was fired from the staff redundancy unit, and in September they came for him. During interrogations, his skull was broken, his ribs were broken, his abdominal muscles were torn with his boots.

Intelligence genius who turned out to be unnecessary to the Motherland


Sign up! Sign up !! Sign up !!!

Bystroletov signed everything.

His wife, Milena Iolanta Shelmatova, a Czech intelligence officer, after learning of her husband's arrest, committed suicide, beating the visit of NKVD officers for just a few hours.

With a verdict from 8 in May 1938, the pride of Soviet intelligence, which the State Security Commissioner recently kissed publicly, received 20 years of camps and 5 years of exile, or, as they said, “20 - in the teeth and 5 - in horns”.

Zeka

The kaleidoscope began again. Only if earlier the scout "Andrew" changed cities, then now the convict of Bystroletov changes camps: Norillag, Kraslag, Siblag. In 1947, he was remembered, transferred to Moscow and taken to Lubyanka, directly to the office of the USSR Minister of State Security. Abakumov offered the prison to Bystroletov amnesty and work in the apparatus of foreign intelligence. On a tempting offer who had 8 over the years of the camps (and 12 also - ahead), the convict replied: “To me amnesty need not. An indispensable condition for my return to intelligence is complete rehabilitation. ” For such an answer, Bystroletov received from the omnipotent minister a “correction” of the sentence in the form of 5 years of solitary confinement in a special prison — the famous Sukhanovka.

After the 3 years of torture, loneliness was half-blind, with impaired mental health. Bystroletov was released. No, not to freedom, but back to the camp.

In 1954, he was released for health reasons (activated), and in 1956 he was rehabilitated "for lack of corpus delicti." Like this!

"A man in civilian clothes"

Dmitry Aleksandrovich has lived almost another 18 years. After graduating from 2 University, LL.D. and doctor of medicine, who speak 22 languages, Bystroletov worked as a consultant and translator at the Research Institute of Medical Technology. He left a grandiose work about his life - a multivolume epic work “The Pir of the Immortals”, which is a rarity among scouts. Died 3 May 1975 of the year.

Dmitry Alexandrovich Bystroletov, one of the best illegal intelligence officers (many consider him to be the best), has never been a member of the party or even received a military rank. All his life he remained a “man in civilian clothes”.

In the articles about his biography in the “awards” section there is only one entry: 1932. weapon "For the merciless struggle against counter-revolution." Has no other awards.

Sources:
http://telegrafua.com/world/11831/
http://www.people.su/19214
http://www.hrono.ru/biograf/bio_b/bystroletov.php
http://russian-bazaar.com/ru/content/17254.htm
http://svr.gov.ru/history/byst.htm
http://www.sovsekretno.ru/articles/id/2555/
http://www.sakharov-center.ru/asfcd/auth/?t=author&i=571
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  1. Greyfox
    Greyfox 5 November 2013 09: 17 New
    12
    Recently, a lot of people have been grazing at the forum who, with foam at the mouth, prove that during the time of Stalin everything (EVERYTHING!) Was done legally and correctly, and if it is not right then Yezhov is to blame (Jews, Masons, Americans-insert right) or those arrested themselves. That the investigators were honest, and Beria and Abakumov measured human decency and an example of serving the Motherland. And it is imperative that everyone who doubts all this is a fan of Hitler.
    Now tell me what interests of the country can be justified, what did you do with the outstanding intelligence officer Bystroletov?
    1. xetai9977
      xetai9977 5 November 2013 09: 43 New
      +5
      They did not trust Richard Sorge either ....
      1. creak
        creak 5 November 2013 16: 48 New
        +5
        You can also remember Sandor Rado and Lepold Trepper - they also got a hard lot ... But one "Red Chapel" is worth it, just a legend ...
    2. Gamdlislyam
      Gamdlislyam 5 November 2013 10: 46 New
      13
      Dear colleague Greyfox, you can in every way relate to the events taking place in the USSR in the late 30s. You can declare Stalin, Yezhov, Beria, Abakumov and others as bloodthirsty executioners. Can "with foam at the mouth they prove that in the days of Stalin everything (EVERYTHING!) was done legally and correctly, and if it wasn’t right, Yezhov was to blame (Jews, Masons, Americans, insert necessary) or those arrested themselves".
      Flying was a bright personality, but he was not a bright adventurer. The image of Bystroletov D.A. described in the article far from reality. It is more likely a legendary figure of a scout. Dmitry Alexandrovich himself was involved in some myths about the outstanding intelligence officer Bystroletov. Alas, while we know too little about the real intelligence officer and his affairs, which the author of the article emphasizes:
      Until now, the information he obtained back in the 30s is a state secret and is of the highest degree of secrecy.

      And here is the phrase of Klim Horseshoe
      one of the best illegal intelligence agents (many consider him the best), has never been a party member and has not even received a military rank
      causes at least bewilderment. All full-time employees of the OGPU-NKVD had ranks. The rank of state security lieutenant, to which, according to the author, D.A. Bystroletov was introduced, was equated with the military rank of major. Such a feature of ranks in state security existed in the 30s.
      Not everything is so simple, and even more so in those difficult times when there was a struggle between different groups in the upper echelons of power of the USSR.
      About the scout Bystrolyotov, as well as Sorge, it became known in the Soviet Union in the years 60-70. In any case, I first read about it in 70 years. However, since then this knowledge has been and remains information about the legendary scout, but what a living person was - DA Bystroletov, has remained a mystery behind seven castles.
    3. vlad0
      vlad0 5 November 2013 10: 48 New
      +6
      No need to dump everything in one pile! Under Stalin, of course, there were many shoals. They cannot be denied and forgotten. But you do not need to close your eyes and deny everything that was positive with him. It will be a crime against our history and our ancestors.
      Undoubtedly, the fate of Bystroletov is a tragedy, the tragedy of one worthy person, lost for many years against the background of millions of other tragedies. Now they remembered about him, and that's great. Unfortunately, we won’t find out about many.
      However, I am sure that in 30 years about our time we will learn much more "interesting" and shocking. And now many worthy people are undeservedly forgotten, or are simply imprisoned for disloyalty to the authorities, like p-k. Kvachkov.
      Everyone related to BP, a happy holiday!
      1. Greyfox
        Greyfox 5 November 2013 11: 30 New
        +3
        No need to dump everything in one pile! Under Stalin, of course, there were many shoals. They cannot be denied and forgotten. But you do not need to close your eyes and deny everything that was positive with him. It will be a crime against our history and our ancestors.

        Tellingly, in my posts I never tried to "heap up", "smear with black paint" or even more so
        declare bloodthirsty executioners of Stalin, Yezhov, Beria, Abakumov and others

        etc. and always called for objectivity, that is, to see the whole picture, both black and white. BUT! Here on the forum, I ran into characters who are "foaming at the mouth." At the same time, the maximum that they can expel from themselves as an argument for the same Bystroletov (Koroleva, Glushko, others-the necessary to insert) - "Well, they didn't shoot." And more often they just turn on the sleeper, because they cannot formulate something more than "you are a fan of Hitler" or "you are a Zhidomasson."
    4. Mikhail3
      Mikhail3 5 November 2013 12: 56 New
      +3
      In general, not many people understand physics and mathematics. There are even fewer of these people than those who are good and excellent in these subjects, many excellent students take a good memory, alas.
      Everything is not good. It is physically impossible, for example, there is no absolutely black body in physical reality. In the processes taking place in a real, real state, complete justice is impossible. If anything is not possible in this world, it is precisely this.
      Moreover. Often the leader has to decide whether to be guided by the interests of justice or immediate effectiveness. An example is the good (and completely non-ours) writer Saint-Exupery. His hero is responsible for air travel over the desert. Thirties, plywood planes, rawhide engines ... This man receives the news that the post office is late due to a hard sandstorm. His reasoning is that the personnel are not to blame for the storm; punishing them will be injustice. The solution is to mercilessly punish everyone involved in being late!
      Do you want to understand? Reproduce the reasoning of this person in full.
      1. Greyfox
        Greyfox 5 November 2013 14: 56 New
        +1
        Do not get distracted by the French postal officials (especially since the price of their decision (right or wrong) is low). And if the sick logic of how to deal with Bystroletov can be explained, then you can’t explain to your motherland any kind of benefit because in this case, as Gogol said
        Firstly, there is absolutely no benefit to the fatherland; secondly ... but also secondly there is no benefit either.
        1. vlad0
          vlad0 5 November 2013 19: 34 New
          -1
          Saint-Ex is not an ordinary official, but a worthy pilot and a good writer who managed to write, if I am not mistaken, only seven works (in 44 he was shot down over the Channel by Messers). Read, at your leisure, "The Planet of the People" and "Military Pilot."
          1. Greyfox
            Greyfox 5 November 2013 19: 44 New
            +1
            Believe it or not, you read it. But what does Saint-Exupery have to do with the topic under discussion? With all due respect to the writer, he is a person of the wrong scale and he did not have to "light mania" to send people to death and to prison.
          2. luka095
            luka095 5 November 2013 23: 17 New
            +1
            Not over the English Channel shot down. Exupery aircraft was found in the sea near Marseilles in the early XNUMXs. I just don’t remember exactly.
    5. Shadowcat
      Shadowcat 5 November 2013 16: 16 New
      -1
      I will not throw accusations, just say - there is such a thing Logic. And also a purely rational approach to intelligence.
      Let's look at some thoughts and facts. several logical statements based on declassified and publicly available data.
      1st. As it was said in the article - The longer the reconnaissance abroad the closer the chance to failure, but it is also worth noting that the longer it is there the greater the chance of the reconnaissance of the reconnaissance.
      2nd. Any trip of a person under suspicion to Moscow (USSR) raises the suspicion that he is an agent of the USSR.
      3f. It is worth noting that in 1936-38 there was a tense situation in Europe and the recall of any agent was unacceptable because the information was necessary. (For comparison - think what any head of the company will say if one of his leading specialists is asked to go on vacation when the project that needs to be completed is on fire?)
      4th. The scout must be ready to be "in the field" for a long time no matter what. For example, another scout Varatayan, together with his wife, spent 43 years in the "field". At the same time, Gevork Varatayan was known by sight by some people from the foreign intelligence service with whom he worked during the Tehran Conference, and as follows from this the sword is sharper and sharper. But for some reason the nerves did not pass.
      Another example is the equally legendary Kim Philby, an activity completely illegal for 30 years, and also the person was originally a foreigner.
      5th. In 1937, many "agents" working abroad who allegedly worked for the USSR made the skis when they decided to recall them for inspection in Moscow. At the same time, engaging in the theft of state funds issued to them for work. For example Orlov, Krivitsky. And such examples are not rare. Maybe he was honest, maybe he stole. But I just fell under the distribution, which, alas, always happens.

      And now we will make purely my assumptions regarding the agent Bystroletov already indicated in the article.
      First, the agent must be faithful, and not hang out like a herring in an ice hole. There is a spot on the reputation (by the way, while he wandered unknowingly where in his youth, and didn’t others recruit him? And wasn’t he sent by a Cossack?)
      2nd - allegedly "the level of secrecy" (which bothers me most of all in the article. They declassified everything that the current is possible, even told about the Magnificent Five and Varatanyan, but they forgot about some Bystroletov), ​​which is referred to in the article. Everyone knows that intelligence is a very rational thing and any information has a lifetime. If the information is so secret that it is already scary, then the scout will either be transferred to staff work under supervision or to a more comfortable place where he will not need to demand anything, but not to the camp where he can blab something, etc., etc. Considering that information has a price and a limitation period, as we all know, then if this infa price is without a limitation period, why was it not removed? And if the statute of limitations was out, why was it not published?

      Based on this, I think that all the above written fiction that someone needs. In order to create interest in people (all the mysterious pulls - the Masons, aliens, ktuluhu, etc., etc.) say what a secret that does not cast a shadow in the sun.
      1. Greyfox
        Greyfox 5 November 2013 16: 31 New
        +4
        Maybe he was honest, maybe stealing. But he just got under the hand, which alas always happens.

        Without it is possible. The person was rehabilitated for absence ... That is, there was nothing. As for, alas ... It happens, but such a large-scale "alas" happened in our country only under one leader.
        Regarding the secrecy and the statute of limitations. For some reason, the British are in no hurry to remove the "secret" stamp about Hess's flight (although all personalities are already looking at how the grass grows from the roots). And the books of "some Bystroletov" are still educational manual in the relevant educational institutions.
        1. Shadowcat
          Shadowcat 5 November 2013 17: 25 New
          0
          Under Khrushchev, many were rehabilitated. The concept is very broad - "victim of the Cult of the Personality" and somehow it is not suitable for business.

          Quote: Greyfox
          It happens, but such a large-scale "alas" happened in our country only under one leader.

          Nda? it’s just that not everything has surfaced, and not all languages ​​are being spoken out to read and see.
          1. Greyfox
            Greyfox 5 November 2013 18: 33 New
            +1
            Nda? it’s just that not everything has surfaced, and not all languages ​​are being spoken out to read and see.

            Examples please (Cambodia with Paul Then we don’t remember). And please, at least in your own native speak more literate.
            Under Khrushchev, many were rehabilitated. The concept is very broad - "victim of the Cult of the Personality" and somehow it is not suitable for business.

            Give at least one example of who was rehabilitated "as a victim of the Personality Cult"? People were rehabilitated "for lack of corpus delicti." That is, there were no crimes for which a person was sent to prison (or destroyed), the case was fabricated. As for the scale of rehabilitation, it is proportional to the scale of repression.
            1. Shadowcat
              Shadowcat 5 November 2013 20: 22 New
              0
              Quote: Greyfox
              Examples please (Cambodia with Paul Then do not remember

              Immediately - in the most "democratic country (I think other countries are not an example for you) - Manning, China - Wang Dan, and this is so, right off the bat. Or V. Bout, K. Yaroshenko, who is closer to Russia.

              Quote: Greyfox
              Give at least one example of who was rehabilitated "as a victim of the Personality Cult"?

              Dragging something, it was meant, they won’t write such a thing.

              Quote: Greyfox
              With regard to the scale of rehabilitation, it is proportional to the scale of repression.

              Uguk, only you need to go to the Baltic states, there are a lot of such unfortunate repressed people (especially after the 45th and deported (by the way, deported neighbors deported).
              And about the repression - you should see who in the 36-39th was in Ukraine and made lists. And this is an excellent excuse and PR move at the beginning of my career was - they say it’s not me and the house is not mine, and just do it, I’m kind and fluffy.
              1. Greyfox
                Greyfox 5 November 2013 21: 46 New
                +2
                Immediately - in the most "democratic country (I think other countries are not an example for you) - Manning, China - Wang Dan, and this is so, right off the bat. Or V. Bout, K. Yaroshenko, who is closer to Russia.

                Tryndets, killed on the spot. Manning, Booth, Yaroshenko and repression in his native country .... One scale. I don’t want to talk further.
        2. Gamdlislyam
          Gamdlislyam 5 November 2013 20: 52 New
          +1
          Quote: Greyfox
          Regarding the secrecy and the statute of limitations. For some reason, the British are in no hurry to remove the "secret" stamp about Hess's flight (although all personalities are already looking at how the grass grows from the roots). And the books of "some Bystroletov" are still educational manual in the relevant educational institutions.

          Dear Greyfox colleague, I am not familiar with the books by DA Bystroletov, which "are still teaching aids in the respective educational institutions". As a matter of fact, on such manuals in the upper right corner of the cover it is imprinted in bold type "SECRET" or "TOP SECRET", and for reading they are given out in a special library, from the hall of which I could not leave until I handed over the literature to the secretary.
          However, back in the 70s, I came across the works of D. Bystroletov, published in various thick magazines. In the early 90s, quite a lot of books by Bystroletov were published. But, these were all works of art, and therefore allowing fiction. Although they fairly openly described the methods of intelligence that our scouts used. Flying was prolific. He wrote 17 books and a script for a film about himself. By the way, the books are very interesting.
          I do not know the reason for the recall of D. Bystoletov, and then the arrest and landing. I admit that this was due to the arrest of Artuzov A.Kh. (shot at the end of August 1937 on charges of having links with the Trotskyists). Artuzov was the head of Bystrolyotov, and often received tasks directly from Arthur Khristianovich.
          There is one more fact in the biography of Bystroletov. In places not so distant, his "roof went off", i.e. with a mental illness, he spent several years in the prison hospital. Now this is often passed off as an alleged order of Abakumov to put Bystroletov in solitary confinement for refusing to receive ammistry and work in the MGB Ornans.
          1. Greyfox
            Greyfox 5 November 2013 21: 54 New
            +1
            I'm also not from that service (I'm talking about books), just here one colleague (knn54) mentioned this.
            As for the reasons, in those years, unfortunately, no special reasons were required. There may be Artuzov, and an alien origin, and simply "very clever" (that is, the tyranny of the authorities). The shaft went through such a reconnaissance that Sudoplatov somewhere mentioned that when he came to work as the chief of intelligence, there was no one in the corridors and offices - there were just one or two employees left and there weren't enough. Whole residencies were cut down. It is still necessary to look for such a self-destruction of the state. So, unfortunately, there is only one logic here, and this is the logic of madness.
      2. Pushkar
        Pushkar 5 November 2013 21: 30 New
        -1
        Quote: ShadowCat
        I will not throw accusations, just say - there is such a thing Logic. And also a purely rational approach to intelligence.
        If you want, I will prove that you are a criminal, a maniac and have betrayed your homeland? Firstly, you did not prove that you are not a criminal, an example is Jap, he has never admitted that he is a criminal. Secondly, you are a maniac, just imagine yourself an honest accountant, an example is Chikatilo. Thirdly, you betrayed your homeland and were recruited by the CIA during your vacation in Turkey. Otherwise, the CIA would not pretend not to know you, an example is Penkovsky. Have you heard of the presumption of innocence?
        1. Shadowcat
          Shadowcat 5 November 2013 22: 13 New
          0
          Firstly, I don’t belong to any government agencies, this time. Two, the demand from a scout is several times higher than from an ordinary citizen. Thirdly, there is work that makes people see more bad than good in people. The scouts, or rather the counterintelligence officers, have this suspicion of everyone of treason, especially the external residency - you can’t put a check on it.

          Now answer one question. There is a person whom you knew only by a pseudonym, and after the meeting I asked you for a large amount of money in debt. Will you give him them without any guarantees or will you suspect that he will throw you?
    6. vjhbc
      vjhbc 5 November 2013 23: 48 New
      0
      if you do not understand, I will explain to you comrade To raise the country, Stalin needed absolute power, under which his orders were carried out accurately and in time for this it was necessary to destroy the Jewish-Comintern cosmopolitanism backbone of the party with their own hands and after that cut off these hands and now what would you do with people whom you caressed these hands and still these scouts were cosmopolitans and supporters of the world revolution and they considered the Russian people to be the woods of this revolution
      Quote: Greyfox
      Recently, a lot of people have been grazing at the forum who, with foam at the mouth, prove that during the time of Stalin everything (EVERYTHING!) Was done legally and correctly, and if it is not right then Yezhov is to blame (Jews, Masons, Americans-insert right) or those arrested themselves. That the investigators were honest, and Beria and Abakumov measured human decency and an example of serving the Motherland. And it is imperative that everyone who doubts all this is a fan of Hitler.
      Now tell me what interests of the country can be justified, what did you do with the outstanding intelligence officer Bystroletov?
      1. Greyfox
        Greyfox 6 November 2013 15: 03 New
        -1
        if you do not understand, I will explain to you comrade To raise the country, Stalin needed absolute power, under which his orders were carried out accurately and in time for this it was necessary to destroy the Jewish-Comintern cosmopolitanism backbone of the party with their own hands and after that cut off these hands and now what would you do with people whom you caressed these hands and still these scouts were cosmopolitans and supporters of the world revolution and they considered the Russian people to be the woods of this revolution

        Another hell about Jews, as I unfortunately predicted. Is it a Fast Jewish man? Georgy Zhzhenov cosmopolitan? Was the Queen tortured during interrogations so that Stalin’s orders are exactly followed?
  2. aszzz888
    aszzz888 5 November 2013 09: 51 New
    +9
    Many scouts working faithfully for their homeland, one way or another, ended up behind bars. Those who were lucky were released, and even some continued to work. But how many such wonderful people were simply shot "as enemies of the people."
    Eternal memory to the geniuses of intelligence and just scouts!
  3. makarov
    makarov 5 November 2013 11: 28 New
    +3
    I am familiar with this material, revered it in a more extensive form with sadness and pain in the soul ......
  4. pensioner
    pensioner 5 November 2013 11: 57 New
    +1
    one of the best illegal intelligence agents (many consider him the best), has never been a party member and has not even received a military rank
    If my memory serves me right, then Bystroletov was the prototype of the main character in the film "The Man in Civilian Clothes". And he almost took part in writing the script.
    1. Klim podkova
      5 November 2013 13: 53 New
      0
      Not just participated, he wrote the script, took part in the shooting as a consultant and even starred in the episode.
  5. knn54
    knn54 5 November 2013 12: 04 New
    +3
    Doctor of Law and Medicine, lively and ubiquitous photographer-reporter. Polyglot. Prosperous businessman. An outstanding artist, writer ... And also a lot of secret intelligence work - according to the textbook "Legalization", young FSB officers are still being trained today.
    Yes, the wrong characters are shown on TV, published in newspapers. Therefore, young people are developing the wrong concepts of life.
    PS In 1947, Minister of State Security Abakumov proposed an amnesty and return to work in intelligence. Bystroletov refused the amnesty, demanded a second trial and rehabilitation. Abakumov such a reaction of the prisoner was furious. He said: “This man could walk around Paris in a week, but he preferred a prison” And he, even after serving, like many others, did not betray his ideals.
  6. washi
    washi 5 November 2013 12: 18 New
    -2
    Bystroletov signed everything.
    So he pleaded guilty.
    Well, or just broke. And when you consider that Until now, the information he obtained back in the 30s is a state secret and is of the highest degree of secrecy., then at liberty it, broken, it was impossible to leave.
    1. Greyfox
      Greyfox 5 November 2013 15: 03 New
      +3
      If you were tortured as well as him, you would admit that you participated in the crucifixion of Christ. And you would also sign that your whole family was accomplices.
  7. mmmakm
    mmmakm 5 November 2013 12: 41 New
    +3
    Nobody knows what is going on in intelligence. There, no one believes anyone and every word is checked a hundred times. And it is not for us to judge their deeds. This is their world. Here I am writing, and on the right "Former FBI agent leaked data to the press." What is it like?
  8. dropout
    dropout 5 November 2013 13: 39 New
    -2
    Information obtained by the intelligence of Alexander the Great is still a state secret and is of the highest degree of secrecy!
  9. The gentleman
    The gentleman 5 November 2013 13: 39 New
    0
    Thank you. Cognitively. Of course, you can’t get all the information, but at least learn a little about some operations.
  10. i.xxx-1971
    i.xxx-1971 5 November 2013 13: 42 New
    -5
    Better not to poke your nose where the dog ... does not pop. Closed - so there were good reasons. The fact that the British issued him a passport speaks volumes. Perhaps he was a double agent and it has been proven. It is naive to assume that the British did not know that he was illegal. A beat in the NKVD under Beria L.P. have stopped. If he had been arrested six months later, no one would have touched his finger.
    1. Klim podkova
      5 November 2013 13: 55 New
      +1
      Look at the screenshot of the arrest warrant - will you find out the autograph of the signer?
    2. Pushkar
      Pushkar 5 November 2013 21: 46 New
      0
      Quote: i.xxx-1971
      The fact that the British issued him a passport speaks volumes. Perhaps he was a double agent and it has been proven.
      Everything is possible. Once again, I recall the presumption of innocence. The Fisher (Abel), the British also issued a passport.
  11. Klim podkova
    5 November 2013 14: 00 New
    +4
    Written by Bystroletov in 1965:

    Unnoticed by all, Stalin laid the foundation for a time bomb. The ominous rumbling of the clockwork is already heard by the ears that they want to hear. Later, under suitable conditions, explosions and disintegration of the building begin in parts, then fools will see it.
    This is about national politics. On the deceptive formula: "National in form, socialist in content."
    For a country with a hundred and fifty nationalities, the issue of national policy is of paramount importance. In case of an error in this area, the growth of local nationalism and the collapse of the union state are inevitable: conditions can be created under which it is impossible to restrain centrifugal forces from Moscow.
    In the tsarist passport, the column "nationality" did not exist, the population of the empire got used to it, and when, after the revolution, they began to introduce the Soviet passport system, they would have taken advantage of historical luck, once and for all, delete this damned word from the official terminology. his hand dragged him into the everyday life of Soviet life, moreover, when filling out the passport form, Lenin ostensibly wrote about himself defiantly: “without nationality,” and left the national question at the mercy of his loyal general secretary. This is where the infection came from.
    In the famous formula, thanks to Stalin's countless mistakes, the socialist beginning gradually eroded, and the nationalist, fueled by the war, the pressure of foreign propaganda and other factors, first of all by dissatisfaction with Moscow, grew to a decisive and purposeful value ...
    In parallel with the deterioration of living conditions, I see the growth of local anti-Russian nationalism ... In the Caucasus, they snap openly, but the matter has not yet come to direct collective action. In Central Asia, the Russian leg is surreptitiously substituted, and they do not dare to openly bite. In the North, the Yakuts are just beginning to cautiously stabs in the back or "accidentally" squeezing corns. There is nothing to say about the Baltic republics! The process is the same everywhere, but it is at different stages of development.
    Nowhere else have national cadres grown to the point of replacing the Russians, and it’s still a long way from an open call. But this time, unfortunately, will come necessarily, political and economic failures.
    Stalin and Khrushchev stir up a thirst for protest and discontent in the consciousness of national minorities, give anti-Stalin and anti-Khrushchev an anti-Russian character ... Stalin’s unobtrusive mistake in the national question will someday become a state crime ”(Bystroletov DA Journey to the brink of the night. M., 1996. C. 375-376).
    1. Gamdlislyam
      Gamdlislyam 5 November 2013 21: 22 New
      +1
      Dear colleague Klim Podkova, it was under Khrushchev N.S. a surge of nationalism began, but under Brezhnev L.I. nationalism was suppressed. The next surge of nationalist protests occurred under the bald ruler, under which the 5th paragraph was canceled, and under the alcoholic the nationality was forbidden to enter into the pastor. It was then that terry nationalism began (remember: "Take as much sovereignty as you can swallow").
      The original version of this article was written and published in a journal back in 1963. Only there Khrushchev was not mentioned. I don’t remember the name of the journal (rather scientific), but something related to Asia.
      1. Pushkar
        Pushkar 5 November 2013 21: 40 New
        0
        Quote: Gamdlislyam
        but under Brezhnev L.I. nationalism was crushed.
        Except, of course, anti-Semitism is a manifestation of nationalism.
        1. Gamdlislyam
          Gamdlislyam 6 November 2013 10: 54 New
          0
          Quote: Pushkar
          Except, of course, anti-Semitism is a manifestation of nationalism.


          Dear colleague Sergey, anti-Semitism is a socio-political movement, but not a nationalist one. It is attended by people of almost all nationalities, i.e. it is international.
          Here is an extract from the Tradition encyclopedia:
          Anti-semitism - from “anti-” (“against”) and “Semites” (ancient peoples characterized by belonging to a special family of languages, a common area of ​​settlement, common features of a cult, similarity of material culture and life):
          1. A negative view of the Jews, hostility and hostility towards them.
          2. Statements or actions that may seem unacceptable, unpleasant, or offensive to Jews.
          3. The socio-political movement directed against the Jews as an element that brings (due to its racial characteristics, religion, national characteristics and traditions) decomposition into modern culture.
          4. A form of chauvinism, expressed in the extreme intolerance of Jews to hostility towards themselves.

          The word “anti-Semitism” is usually used (by the Jews) in the meaning of the word “crime.” Moreover, anti-Semitism is the only crime that does not require (for Jews) evidence, since the charge of anti-Semitism is simultaneously a sentence.
          The label “anti-Semite” is used by Jews to label only goyim (The literal translation into Russian of the word “goy” is a dog. This is how Jews call people of other nationalities in their midst); or "a self-hating Jew."
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  13. Luga
    Luga 5 November 2013 17: 01 New
    +2
    What is intelligence?
    Intelligence is a tight tangle of different, almost always partially overlapping interests, a strong fusion of intrigue, compromise, lies, betrayal, once again lies, cynicism and unscrupulousness. The spices used are "state interests", "patriotism" or "greed for profit", "personal well-being", "thirst for power" - depending on the situation. A person who is solid and unyielding in intelligence is a guaranteed corpse, and it is good if he does not drag a certain number of his colleagues along with him.
    Bystroletov went through all of the above. He is a scout. But it will be possible to determine who brought his activity more benefit and who is harmed, only by simultaneously opening the archives of all the intelligence services of the world that could theoretically be interested in his activity.
    I can’t say anything bad about Bystroletov - from any rule there are exceptions that only confirm the rule itself, I admit that Bystroletov could be such an exception - honest and true, never - voluntarily or involuntarily - that did not cause any harm to his homeland. But, unfortunately, this can only be believed.
  14. Ivan Tarasov
    Ivan Tarasov 5 November 2013 18: 27 New
    +2
    The scout that became known is a failed scout.
    Nobody knows about successful scouts.
    1. vlad0
      vlad0 5 November 2013 19: 43 New
      +2
      In our time, everything is through f ... p ... y. That only Chapman and Snowden are worth. And who fulfills their duty to the end, they are outside the law! Truly: "Without the right to glory, for the glory of the State"!
  15. mithridate
    mithridate 5 November 2013 19: 50 New
    +3
    it is necessary to write books and make films about such people, and not about the "brigade", "real boys", etc.
  16. BBM
    BBM 5 November 2013 21: 41 New
    0
    in general, against the background of all this, it looks very indicative of what unrealistic efforts Khrushchev spent in order to pull out Rudolf Abel ...
  17. yacht
    yacht 5 November 2013 23: 10 New
    +1
    In order to judge a person working for intelligence, it is necessary to know reliably about his actions, which for objective reasons we cannot know, and all kinds of publications are often frank speculations or the author had some small amount of reliable information, and the rest was already thought up by his wild imagination. There is also a deliberate distortion of facts due to the political situation. For example, from the time of Khrushchev, and until recently, it was believed that Richard Sorge literally tortured Stalin with the exact date of the German attack on the USSR, but the stupid and stubborn Stalin did not heed the arguments of the scout, alas, it all turned out to be a lie. So when reading such articles, it’s not worth taking everything written for the homespun truth.
  18. Ols76
    Ols76 6 November 2013 06: 30 New
    +3
    Bystroletov faithfully worked for his homeland. Eternal memory to the hero of intelligence!
  19. The comment was deleted.
  20. Sino
    Sino 8 November 2013 21: 49 New
    -3
    The man !!! By the way, it is not a sin for Stalinists and sympathizers to get acquainted with the fate of this person in more detail, maybe then stop yelling - there were no repressions, there were no millions of lost souls. Our souls with you!
  21. umeletz
    umeletz 25 November 2013 12: 36 New
    0
    Not so long ago at a forum, but I never cease to be amazed at how people, often not knowledgeable, incompetent, and sometimes, in my opinion, just try to give out their opinions with a children's worldview as the ultimate truth. It should be a shame to muddy the history of your country, the memory of the heroes of this country. A scout, partisan, marshal, and anyone on their own skin experienced everything, went through war, camps, torture. In the warmth of the computer, you can talk for as long as you like about the vicissitudes of their destinies. I did not fight. I don’t know whether this is good or bad. But I definitely have no right to judge or condemn those who went through the war. I would like my voice to be heard. Do not know, be quiet, not sure, do not discuss. You must be more modest, brothers.