Military Review

Life in the USSR in 30-40-ies of the XX century

40
A selection of archival photographs, perfectly illustrating the social life of the Soviet Union in the "pre-storm" 30-s and the beginning of the 40-s. In the pictures you can see how dramatically the face of the country has changed, история which in one day divided into two epochs: “before” and “after” the outbreak of the most destructive war in the history of mankind. Ahead - 4 hardest year, which will leave scars on the fate of tens of millions of people. Ahead - billions of shells fired at the enemy, hundreds of bloody battles, and, finally, a victorious march across Berlin and hoisting the Soviet flag over the Reichstag! But at what cost ...












Life in the USSR in 30-40-ies of the XX century































Originator:
http://russkii-krest.livejournal.com/
40 comments
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  1. Witch
    Witch 5 November 2013 09: 01
    29
    Wow! I don’t know how others, but photos of that time always cling to me.
    People have different faces ...
    1. Thunderbolt
      Thunderbolt 5 November 2013 09: 48
      12
      Yes! Such faces of people, if you see them every day, inspire you to work, now you can rarely see such sooo (((
    2. nnz226
      nnz226 6 November 2013 01: 51
      0
      Only photographs show life in the capital, so to speak, a showcase of socialism. But the province did not live as well as the photo shows, and did not have such restaurants, and survived more and more. Kohl is talking about the 30s, then it is appropriate to recall the famine in Ukraine, in Kazakhstan, in the Volga region of 1932-33. Card system and other "delights". Life began to improve only by the end of the 30s. I am writing from the words of my father, he was growing up at that time. The war ruined everything in terms of the growth of the well-being of ordinary people.
  2. pensioner
    pensioner 5 November 2013 09: 18
    12
    Great photos! It seems that I’ve seen so much, but I haven’t met any of them until today. And the guys in the process of doing thermal bath. Hamilton’s equations are sort of ... But life was different in the country. But the people were wonderful !! With very few exceptions.
  3. smersh70
    smersh70 5 November 2013 09: 18
    12
    and they say these years lived poorly ..... clothes are quite normal, high-quality .. and dressed well ...... hi
    1. Thunderbolt
      Thunderbolt 5 November 2013 09: 44
      13
      They say, apparently, various kinds of liberals who sold themselves to the oligarchies for a penny, to discredit the Soviet past with the aim of "not returning" the Great Country!
      1. Dimon-chik-79
        Dimon-chik-79 5 November 2013 11: 39
        +2
        Yes, almost the majority of liberals come from the CPSU, woe to the builders of the Soviet past. What at the time that even now they are profiting from the work of the common people and the natural wealth of our homeland!
    2. Dimon-chik-79
      Dimon-chik-79 5 November 2013 11: 23
      -16 qualifying.
      And what is rich or what? The "rich" life in the USSR became something to be forgotten, well, thank God there is someone else to remind us. And about clothes and shoes that have been worn for decades. About half-empty counters with half-dead flies, about queues in stores, about a shortage of everything and always and only from the underground and at exorbitant prices, proprietary rudeness, about overcrowded "cattle trucks" that went every two hours. Women worked on steel makers in hot shops, and by the way, about women, maternity leave was only two months! You can list for a long time.
      Very, very disappointing, a huge rich country, (an agrarian power buying grain abroad), and as a human being there lived an insignificant small part of the population, and then for the most part leaned against the party apparatus. And photos of that time, different can be found
      1. Prometheus
        Prometheus 5 November 2013 11: 53
        11
        They always wore it - because they did it in good conscience. Agrarian power, speak? That is, there was no industrialization in 20-30? And they didn’t discover new oil fields, and they didn’t fly into space ... You describe the late Union, after Khrushch and his company frolic.
        1. Hort
          Hort 5 November 2013 13: 49
          +8
          I will correct: flies on the shelves instead of goods did not appear during Khrushchev, but exactly with the beginning of perestroika. From 1984-85 about
        2. wei
          wei 5 November 2013 15: 07
          +5
          Khrushchev obscurantism was still BUT provided the housing (it took the right course)
          Yes, and about art, now every TP who picks up a DSLR imagines himself to be the greatest photographers of all time (I looked at the works on which he swore honestly some really a ram) the fact that he slipped on the platform with a slipper is due to the lack of eloquence (and not really then they listened to him, they need a raw materials appendage with slaves and not some great power)
      2. smersh70
        smersh70 5 November 2013 12: 02
        +1
        Quote: Dimon-chik-79
        very, very disappointing, a huge rich country, (an agrarian power buying grain abroad), and as a human being there lived an insignificant small part of the population, and then for the most part leaned against the party apparatus.

        and so we are talking about this)))) .. that handed out all the equipment for nothing ...... and if the money sent in the right direction ......
      3. Zhaman-Urus
        Zhaman-Urus 5 November 2013 19: 40
        +5
        Come to us in Kazakhstan and tell this to the miners and metallurgists. Under the USSR, the salary of a miner was under 400-500 rubles, if not to drink was enough for the "Zhiguli" and for the dacha and for Sochi and Abkhazia in the summer and children in camps throughout the Union, and today they are slaves to the Indian bwana. Tell them how bad it was for the "scoop" you will hear a lot of interesting things.
      4. m262
        m262 5 November 2013 20: 03
        +6
        Something you got excited about: shoes for decades, adidas and ribok did not dream of such a quality, rudeness in the shops, I agree, but in my opinion I had both sausage and dried bananas for a mid-morning snack in the Brigantine pioneer camp near Minsk, and dad with an order for a new one year brought a frozen pineapple.
        I forgot to say: father is a process engineer, mother is an economist.))))!
        I'll tell you a secret))): in the foundry there are still 70% of women workers! (I work as the master of the correct site myself)
        I don’t argue, it was bad, but it would be unfair to groan everything unfairly towards our parents and our childhood!
        If someone wants to object that not all parents had engineers, I’ll say: my grandfather, a welder at the Kozlov plant, bought the 1967st Volga in 21!
        Whoever wanted, he could, whoever drank "ink" under the USSR, he would continue to "ferment" and complain about life under any government! IMHO ...
        By the way, judging by the nickname, we are peers — what did you lack as a child?
  4. George
    George 5 November 2013 09: 33
    +7
    Thank you for the beautiful photos.
    The country needed a breakthrough, and this requires specialists. And our people showed their inexhaustible desire for knowledge and work.
    1. Apollo
      Apollo 5 November 2013 09: 52
      +6
      I do not want to remain in debt and post the video. The author is very grateful for the selection of photos.



      40's films
      Babes (1940)
      Hero's Brother (1940)
      Spring Stream (1940)
      The Return (1940)
      The death of the "Eagle" (1940)
      Dursun (1940)
      Law of life (1940)
      Favorite girl (1940)
      May night (1940) .d.
      My love (1940)
      Timur and his team (1940)
      Anton Ivanovich is angry (1941)
      etc.
  5. Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt 5 November 2013 09: 55
    +9
    It seems like they lived well according to the "precepts of Ilyich", and indeed if you look at the photos of that time, not necessarily professional ones, but also from family archives, it becomes clear that the LIES of modern politicians about that time - and their goals are clear - the desire to destroy the Soviet past. And why? Because they FEAR! After all, it is unenviable to take into account the corrupt creatures in the case of building a socialist state in Russia. the desire of the oligarchy is to plunder the country
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 5 November 2013 10: 39
      +1
      I would like to clarify, speaking about the Soviet past, what period of our history do you mean:
      - Lenin-Trosky
      - Stalin
      - Khrushchevsky-Brezhnevsky
      - Gorbachevsky
  6. Boris55
    Boris55 5 November 2013 10: 33
    -6
    Judging by some photos, little changes ...
    1. bya965
      bya965 5 November 2013 11: 38
      +8
      Quote: Boris55
      Judging by some photos, little changes ...

      Here around here are the Hamilton equations and the termeh. They do not change over time.
      1. Boris55
        Boris55 5 November 2013 12: 08
        -3
        Who minus me, he realized what I meant. Zombies through science:

    2. wei
      wei 5 November 2013 15: 12
      +1
      Judging by some photos, little changes.
    3. Astrey
      Astrey 5 November 2013 16: 40
      +6
      Of my students, NOBODY can handle this. And everyone has a mabla and a comp.
      Human material was definitely better.

      And at the expense of the sky, is it bluer? No, perhaps it’s natural.
  7. Alexey M
    Alexey M 5 November 2013 10: 46
    +9
    Quote: Thunderbolt
    It seems like they lived well according to the "precepts of Ilyich", and indeed if you look at the photos of that time, not necessarily professional ones, but also from family archives, it becomes clear that the LIES of modern politicians about that time - and their goals are clear - the desire to destroy the Soviet past. And why? Because they FEAR! After all, it is unenviable to take into account the corrupt creatures in the case of building a socialist state in Russia. the desire of the oligarchy is to plunder the country

    I agree completely!
    Today's achievements look pale against the backdrop of a great past.
  8. Djozz
    Djozz 5 November 2013 11: 07
    +9
    Brothers! And where are the traces of the "bloody gebni" and animal fear in the eyes of the people and 100-500 million repressed!
    1. Prometheus
      Prometheus 5 November 2013 11: 56
      +6
      Come on right away - http://lurkmore.to/Milliard_ of the executed_personally_Stalin))
  9. bya965
    bya965 5 November 2013 11: 32
    +5
    Where the formulas are, historically my former manager
    http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Голубев,_Владимир_Васильеви
    ч

    http://math.sgu.ru/historychair.php?id=3&lang=ru
  10. Svyatoslavovich
    Svyatoslavovich 5 November 2013 11: 41
    10
    The essence of the problem of denigrating the past lies in the fact that in itself slander is needed only in order to have a moral justification in front of the population for the actions today, often criminal.
    It is necessary to justify the formation of the institution of oligarchs - we tell everyone that in the Soviet system everyone was poor and swollen from hunger, and at least someone, you can, if you can.
    It is necessary to justify the abundance of low-quality goods on the shelves - we convince everyone that in Soviet times there was only dust on the shelves.
    It is necessary to justify the destruction of all industrial sectors - we declare that Soviet industry was able to stamp only basins from the remnants of bad tanks.
    And it is no longer important that each of us understands "deceive", it is important that gradually it becomes true for children born in the late 80s and later, it is important that it becomes true in history books, in literature, in films. You need to fight, but how?
  11. The comment was deleted.
  12. Tiamat2702
    Tiamat2702 5 November 2013 15: 38
    +2
    Yes, it’s a shame for the power! (((
  13. rJIiOK
    rJIiOK 5 November 2013 16: 26
    +2
    Peaceful sky over the Brest Fortress
    In a cramped apartment, happy faces,
    Waltz, political instructor invites the bride,
    The new cube glitters on the buttonhole.

    And outside the window, outside the window is the beauty of the new moon,
    Whispering willows whisper with Bug.
    The year forty-one, the beginning of June,
    Still alive, still alive, still alive, everything, everything, everything ...
  14. Semurg
    Semurg 5 November 2013 16: 57
    0
    photo of the 30-40s, to be honest, I would not want to live in those years, but in the 80s I probably would not mind.
  15. mithridate
    mithridate 5 November 2013 17: 48
    +3
    people's faces are spiritualized. People built the future that we use now
  16. kaktus
    kaktus 5 November 2013 18: 37
    +3
    Looks at Nevsky from the Utesov poster,
    The Volga-Volga is in the theaters.
    Again Kronstadt escorts sailors
    There will be a training trip for them for long.

    And behind the stern, behind the stern of the white night meditation,
    Seagulls are spinning over the Gulf of Finland.
    The year forty-one, the beginning of June,
    Still alive, still alive, still alive, everything, everything, everything.

    Past the facade of the Bolshoi Theater
    Rushing for rest, ringing, trams.
    In grades tenth exams tomorrow,
    The eternal flame of the Kremlin does not burn.

    All ahead, all for now, all for now on the eve ...
    Twenty dawn left happy ...
    Forty-first year, beginning of June.
    Still alive, still alive
    Still alive, everything, everything, everything.

    The pre-war waltz reminded many
    Waltz resurrected our dear faces
    Who the front road brought us with
    With whom we had to part forever.

    Years passed and again a quiet evening outside the window.
    Friends look silently from portraits.
    In our memory today and forever
    They are all alive, they are all alive
    They are all alive, everything, everything ...
    In our memory today and forever
    They are all alive, they are all alive
    They are all alive, everything, everything, everything! hi
  17. anushin10ru
    anushin10ru 5 November 2013 18: 40
    +4
    Idealizing that time is also not worth it. My grandfathers and grandmothers talked a lot about those years. All were rural. They ate one turnip, potatoes and peas. Large in-kind taxes. Only young people could go to study or to the army. Often middle peasants with two cows and ten children. In Moscow and large cities, of course, it was better, but in the provinces and in the countryside it was completely sad. We would probably die quickly from such a life. People were strong, optimism, I do not argue, the youth was big, people really thought that they were building the most just society and state in the world. And then the authorities thought about people last, first of all, the plan to fulfill.
    1. wei
      wei 5 November 2013 22: 37
      0
      Idealizing that time is also not worth it. My grandfathers and grandmothers talked a lot about those years. All were rural. They ate one turnip, potatoes and peas.


      the working people have always had a hard time, and those who were in power were bullied today
      Compare governors and peasants at intervals of 50 years
      there was no more differentiated distribution than in the Soviets
    2. Rif
      Rif 5 November 2013 22: 52
      +1
      It is impossible to idealize anything at all, but also to denigrate it, for some reason, when comparing this and the present, everything practically rests on the material, and at that time, according to all written and visual sources, the main thing was considered spiritual, cultural, but nothing like clothing and life.
  18. GUSAR
    GUSAR 5 November 2013 20: 14
    +2
    I love any historical photos, please !!!
  19. Spstas1
    Spstas1 5 November 2013 21: 22
    +1
    One of the photos shows a quite modern restaurant by that standards. There is a bar and high chairs ... And I remember how they claimed that this only appeared after the war by copying from what he saw in Europe :)
  20. Endrew
    Endrew 6 November 2013 01: 24
    +1
    In Ukraine, it didn’t beat so well.
  21. Kizhich
    Kizhich 6 November 2013 10: 35
    0
    Also, some photos from the collection were already here on the site, only in the Moscow section at the beginning of the war! For example, an escalator, gas water ..... The author made a repost ...
  22. PUHACH
    PUHACH 6 November 2013 18: 02
    +1
    Quote: smersh70
    the clothes are quite normal, high-quality .. and dressed well ......

    ....... everyone has their own concept of "not bad" wink
    1. smersh70
      smersh70 6 November 2013 18: 09
      0
      Quote: PUHACH
      everyone has their own concept of "not bad"

      .... what did you want ... Gucci chtoli in the 30s ... wassat so right now, many do not see and don’t wear them .... smile
  23. PUHACH
    PUHACH 6 November 2013 18: 12
    +1
    and if the money was sent to the right channel ......)))) tell us more about the channel ...
  24. bublic82009
    bublic82009 6 November 2013 20: 33
    +1
    the country climbed out of the pit after the civil war. and you had to do it fast