Military Review

Belarusian UAV "Berkut" ready to conquer the market

21
Currently, Belarusian UAVs are becoming more and more famous and enter the international market for unmanned aerial vehicles. aviation complexes. So far, we are talking about small reconnaissance drones. At the recently held Interpolitech-2013 exhibition, the Belarusian company AGAT-Control Systems, together with the 558th Aviation Repair Plant, presented to the general public a whole line of tactical drones. According to Yuri Leontsev, who holds the post of deputy director of the AGAT-control systems enterprise for development and system research, with its new developments in the field of unmanned aerial systems (UAS), the company expects to solve the problem of import dependence in practice, as well as provide law enforcement agencies with tactical short-range UAVs ... In the future, the company plans to develop a modern multifunctional UAS with a range of more than 100 kilometers, with an orientation not only to the Russian and Belarusian, but also to the international market.


The Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Belarus is considering the possibility of buying 2 types of unmanned aerial reconnaissance and surveillance systems in 2014. According to Dmitry Kushpyak, who holds the post of deputy head of the management of the company AGAT-Management Systems (a subsidiary of the Geoinformation Management Systems holding), negotiations are underway on supplying complexes with the Berkut-1 and Berkut unmanned aerial vehicles to the interests of the Belarusian armed forces -2. Both types of UAVs are referred to as tactical intelligence complexes with a small radius of action.

Each of the listed complexes is able to solve its tasks, and the Belarusian military is still only deciding which complexes need to be ordered. Currently, the UAV "Bercut-1" and "Bercut-2" are preparing to conduct flight state tests, after which they will be assigned a letter of the serial sample. When exactly these unmanned aerial vehicles will go into service with the Belarusian army is not yet known.

Belarusian UAV "Berkut" ready to conquer the market
UAV Bercut-1

UAV "Bercut-1" short-range is an all-day tactical unmanned aircraft complex, which is designed to issue target information to firing means of special forces units and motorized rifle units, as well as optical-electronic reconnaissance of the terrain. Bercut-1 provides real-time monitoring of the surrounding terrain, the detection and identification of both ground and surface objects and the issuance of coordinates of their location.

With a very small mass - only 15 kg - the device "Bercut-1" together with the payload is able to fully fly to a distance of 15 km at an altitude of 1000 meters. The cruising speed of the vehicle is 50-80 km / h, the device can fly for 1,5 hours. The equipment installed on it allows you to transfer the coordinates of the detected targets with an accuracy of at least 50 meters. The device takes off directly from the hands of a serviceman-operator, landing UAV by using a parachute. The UAV can be installed payload in the form of 3-x types of modules: TV, photo or IR intelligence.

UAV "Bercut-2" is able to solve similar problems in the interests of artillery and rocket forces, as well as motorized rifle units, but it is characterized by its large size and best flight performance. This drone is performed in a portable version. With a total mass in 50 kg, an aircraft with a payload is able to fly fully to 35 km, at altitudes up to 3000 meters, in a fully automatic mode. Cruising speed is 80-100 km / h. Time spent in the air - 2 hours. Accuracy characteristics of determining the coordinates of targets for the devices "Bercut-1" and "Bercut-2" are similar. For takeoff UAV "Bercut-2" uses a catapult, landing is also carried out using a parachute. The payload kit also includes an 3 intelligence module. The Bercut-2 complex is serviced by a calculation as part of 2 people.

UAV Bercut-2

In addition, the exposition of Belarus contained information about a more sophisticated vehicle - the tactical unmanned aviation complex Grif-100. This device is designed to detect, search and recognize objects on the ground (including on the water surface), determine their coordinates. In addition, the UAV can be used to solve the problems of electronic suppression (REF) of electronic means of a potential enemy, as well as conducting topographic reconnaissance areas. The take-off weight of this drone is already 165 kg. He is able to fly at speeds up to 165 km / h, the maximum height of the flight - 3000 meters. Payload mass - 20 kg, flight time - 5 hours. This unmanned complex consists of 3-x machines: machine control, transport machine (4 UAV), as well as the machine logistics. In the first quarter of 2014, the flight tests of the Grif-100 complex should end, after which its state tests will begin with the forces of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Belarus.

This drone is made according to the two-beam scheme and is equipped with an internal combustion engine, in its case the most modern composite materials are used. The take-off of the drone is carried out both "in an aircraft" and with the help of a catapult, landing also in an "aircraft-like" manner, and in the event of an emergency, the Grif-100 UAV is able to land using a parachute. Flight control can be implemented on a route already drawn up in advance or on coordinates that are transmitted from the ground. UAVs are able to solve tasks in different climatic conditions, day and night. His first test flight drone made another 21 February 2012 year at the airport Baranavichy, the flight lasted only 10 minutes and passed completely in normal mode.

Today in the development of unmanned aircraft systems, enterprises of the Republic of Belarus cooperate with Russia. In particular, within the framework of the MAKS-2013 air show, the Russian company Irkut Engineering, which is a subsidiary of Irkut Corporation, concluded an agreement on cooperation in the development and modernization of tactical-class unmanned systems with the Belarusian company AGAT-control systems ". The purpose of the agreement concluded between the companies is to establish the necessary conditions for successful innovation, as well as the effective application of the results of the development of both parties in the field of modernization and organization of the production of short-range UAS, the concentration of financial and production resources for the effective implementation of programs to develop promising UAS in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus, improving the competitiveness of products. At the same time, production facilities are planned to be located mainly in the territory of the Belarusian enterprise.


It is reported that both companies plan to pursue a unified marketing policy, ensure the supply of spare parts and process equipment, improve after-sales service for products, jointly train specialists for servicing unmanned aircraft systems, and promote the development of operational documentation. In the future, Russian and Belarusian developers are going to enter with their developments on international markets.

Currently, the development of UAVs in Belarus is one of the main areas of innovation. Today, Minsk has all the conditions for the education and training of highly qualified personnel. Today, the Aviation Faculty of the Military Academy of the Republic of Belarus has already opened the specialty Unmanned Aviation Systems. Future operators of unmanned systems are trained in this specialty. Also at the department of the military faculty of the Minsk State Higher Aviation College, specialists are trained who must join the ranks of the engineering staff of these complexes.

For the training of specialists and the joint development of promising samples of unmanned aerial vehicles as part of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus, a specialized center for the preparation and use of BAS has already been established. In this center, the course of real use of modern UAVs is carried out by specialists from various law enforcement agencies of the country.

Information sources:
—Http: //rosinform.ru/2013/10/24/belorusskie-berkuty-rvutsya-v-nebo
—Http: //www.i-mash.ru/news/zarub_sobytiya/42797-takticheskie-bespilotnye-kompleksy-dvukh-vidov.html
—Http: //arms-tass.su/? Page = article & aid = 122908 & cid = 25
—Http: //bastion-karpenko.ru/grif-100
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  1. 311ove
    311ove 31 October 2013 09: 01
    13
    From well done Belarusians! What can I say .... hi
    1. Civil
      Civil 31 October 2013 11: 30
      -3
      The identity is not impressed .... but it's good that they try
    2. duke
      duke 31 October 2013 15: 43
      +9
      I fully support, well done brothers Belarusians, successes ...
      1. vladimirZ
        vladimirZ 1 November 2013 07: 19
        0
        Well done is not the right word. This is a wise government policy.
        After all, they are already purposefully training specialists in Unmanned Aircraft Complexes, and this is a direct replacement for expensive flight personnel in those places where you can do without a man.
  2. aszzz888
    aszzz888 31 October 2013 09: 19
    +2
    They will not be superfluous. And other weapons are necessary, to replace obsolete, to purchase for their army.
    1. sq
      sq 31 October 2013 09: 44
      +5
      It all comes down to money, as well as deposits of old weapons
  3. roial
    roial 31 October 2013 09: 22
    -2
    The equipment installed on it allows you to transmit the coordinates of detected targets with accuracy not less than 50 meters.


    In the firebox, such an apparatus, after target designation from such a UAV, you can "inadvertently" touch your own.

    Yes, and flight performance characteristics are not impressive. It’s better to turn to model aircraft for help, in which aircraft do



    1. AlexAl
      AlexAl 31 October 2013 10: 43
      +3
      Who do you think is developing these devices? The same former and current modelers. Or what you have on the video - can be used for target designation?

      In general, as usual - if for a hillock - then sweetie, but if it’s domestic then shit.

      Then wait, when they come, they will suck on sweets from zubugar.
    2. Hudo
      Hudo 31 October 2013 11: 22
      +2
      Quote: roial
      The equipment installed on it allows you to transmit the coordinates of the detected targets with an accuracy of at least 50 meters.


      In the firebox, such an apparatus, after target designation from such a UAV, you can "inadvertently" touch your own.

      Yes, and flight performance characteristics are not impressive.



      The road will be overpowered by the walking one (c). Master in production - modernize.
      1. AlexAl
        AlexAl 31 October 2013 11: 45
        +1
        As far as I know, for designers there is a list of performance characteristics for development. And if Belarus did with such parameters, then it was decided so from the very beginning. In general, the Belarusian leadership allocates a lot of money for the development of UAVs, and throughout Belarus they are looking for specialists with guaranteed receipt of soft loans for apartments and other benefits. Yes, and there is still an order on the protection of these specialists by law enforcement agencies.
    3. Max otto
      Max otto 31 October 2013 12: 23
      +4
      Quote: roial
      The equipment installed on it allows you to transmit the coordinates of detected targets with accuracy not less than 50 meters.

      In the firebox, such an apparatus, after target designation from such a UAV, you can "inadvertently" touch your own.
      Yes, and flight performance characteristics are not impressive. It’s better to turn to model aircraft for help, in which aircraft do

      High-skilled gamer or what? Interestingly, and these models can climb at least 1000 m? The range of the applied electronics without any protection on the models you yourself find or tell? It is useful to use the brain, it helps to avoid getting into a stupid situation.
      1. roial
        roial 31 October 2013 12: 46
        -3
        and these models can climb at least 1000 m


        Imagine - they can, and not for one kilometer (I have quite extensive experience communicating with aircraft models).

        Radius ... find yourself or tell

        The range depends on the frequency range, transmitter power and antenna height. The ranges are the same (GHz), since the modelers control the models within the line of sight, there is no sense in making powerful transmitters (but technically possible and not difficult at all) I don’t say about the antenna height and signal encoding, and so it’s clear that modelers don’t need to do this easily .
        So I use my brain, unlike you.
        And I have a pretty good idea about the Technical capabilities of such models. Which both the flight duration and carrying capacity are pretty good.
        And unlike you, who highlighted them on the computer screen, helped to disassemble, assemble, maintain some and managed.
        1. AlexAl
          AlexAl 31 October 2013 13: 17
          +1
          But nothing that the power of the transmitter equipment is limited by communications laws? In certain ranges, the maximum transmittance of a transmitter is limited by law. So do not la la.
          For a kilometer, the equipment works but not every one, and the reliability of communication tends to 0.

          In general, as the chief designer of the cornet said: "EASILY и NO PROBLEMS - this is when you didn't start doing anything or when you didn't finish what you started. "

          The modeller himself is in the past, and in the current one is a hardware developer.
          1. The comment was deleted.
          2. roial
            roial 31 October 2013 14: 07
            0
            But nothing that the power of the transmitter of the equipment is limited by communication laws


            What do you think that he needs more power ??

            An ordinary satellite phone has a capacity of up to 1 Vata, and operates in the same range, and is able to communicate with a satellite that spans several tens of kilometers.

            In our cases, the communication range will be limited not by the transmitter power but by the line of sight. That is, the higher you raised the antenna, the more even the terrain, the farther the connection will work. Learn mate part and radio wave propagation laughing

            and do not la la.
            1. AlexAl
              AlexAl 31 October 2013 20: 52
              0
              And YOU did not think that direct visibility in combat conditions is not only direct visibility but also a certain amount of kW / m of active interference in the form of electronic warfare? And the fact that at the time of the operation a desert storm in Iraq, in Belarus, not only the connection did not work, but the television image was broken and interference was everywhere, with a TV tower at a distance of 5 km, which is visible without an armed eye.
              Take a look on the map where Vitebsk and where Iraq.
    4. AlexAl
      AlexAl 31 October 2013 13: 25
      +1
      And by the way, read the text of the article carefully, it says that the flight is performed autonomously automatically without operator intervention. In other words, this means that in the UAV there is an ACS (automatic control system) and much more that consumes energy. And your models are controlled by the operator from the ground, and hang constantly in the hands of the operator.

      That's when you develop self-propelled guns and then you will pair your models with the military.
      And in those industries where UAVs are built, glider production generally does not cause any problems.
      The main thing in them is self-propelled guns and surveillance equipment.
      1. roial
        roial 31 October 2013 14: 17
        -1
        The main thing in them is self-propelled guns and surveillance equipment


        I agree, but when the accuracy of the detected targets is at least 50 meters, then it doesn’t climb into any gates.

        You will vparivayte your modelki military.


        These flight models, according to flight characteristics, are given to any domestic UAV (range, altitude, speed), and the most important COST (I do not take into account the cost of the filling, I shield only the glider)

        glider production generally causes no problems


        You know, on this site quite a few times they repeated the phrase "a good plane must be beautiful"

        And looking at those drones that our industry makes, I want to say - an ugly duckling.
        1. Max otto
          Max otto 31 October 2013 17: 22
          +2
          Quote: roial

          These flight models, according to flight characteristics, are given to any domestic UAV (range, altitude has passed) and the most important COST (I do not take into account the cost of the filling, I shield only the glider) ...

          And looking at those drones that our industry makes, I want to say - an ugly duckling.

          As a victim of modern education, I will explain in more detail. In order to make a drone from the model, at least a laser-optical unit is needed, the glass has a decent weight, therefore the mass of the unit is at least 10 kg, the unit needs a drive, the drive needs energy, i.e. a battery or generator, and in addition to the receiver, you also need a transmitter, which the models do not have. In addition, the electronics must be protected from extraneous interference and interference, which complicates the entire electronics by an order and weight of the hardware at times. No model with this trash just takes off. If you will modify the model under this weight, then you will get exactly what is presented in the photo in the article. And most importantly, flight characteristics for UAVs are not important (rate of climb, maneuverability, horizontal speed) for them it is important - profitability and time spent in the working position, i.e. at working height, the longer the better.
          And most importantly: beauty is needed by traders, a working tool (which is the UAV) needs efficiency and rationality.
          Quote: roial
          And unlike you, who selected them on the computer screen, helped to disassemble, assemble, maintain some and managed

          Speak for yourself, I also held and did and controlled in my hands. Put 5 kg of dumbbell inside any of them - fly. The result will not please you.
          1. roma2
            roma2 31 October 2013 18: 22
            +1
            Put 5 kg of dumbbell inside any of them - fly.




            Take-off weight, kg.: 100.00
            Range, km .: 480.00
            Speed, km / h: 192.00
            Practical ceiling, m .: 3 000.00
            Length, m .: 3,6
            Height, m.: 1,52
            Wingspan, m.: 4
            Flight Duration, h: 5
            Payload, kg .: 25

            Here is an amateur model for you. Payload 25 kg.
            1. AlexAl
              AlexAl 31 October 2013 21: 02
              0
              With a very small mass - only 15 kg - the Berkut-1 device, together with the payload, is able to fly fully automatically at a distance of up to 15 km at an altitude of up to 1000 meters. The cruising speed of the aircraft is 50-80 km / h, the aircraft can fly within 1,5 hours.

              Now approximate what you suggested with a takeoff weight of 100kg.
              And if you take the Tu-160, then it has a lot of characteristics.

              And if you check the aerodynamics of this unit, then I think it will not be the best with such bast shoes on the chassis.


              And another point of comparison between warm and heavy is your model with piston engines, and Belarusians have electric traction. These are two big differences.
  4. makarov
    makarov 31 October 2013 09: 35
    +4
    The defense industry of Belarus has wiped out the nose of many enemies with its developments.
    As there Vereshchagin said in "White Sun": - You talk about peacocks!
  5. Professor
    Professor 31 October 2013 10: 16
    -2
    Golden Eagle-2 mysteriously looks like Orbiter and GRIF-1, which reminds me. laughing
    1. ruslan207
      ruslan207 31 October 2013 20: 40
      -2
      The laws of aerodynamics are the same for everyone
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. Drosselmeyer
    Drosselmeyer 31 October 2013 14: 24
    +4
    Belarusians are not only fighting with drones wink
  8. Dezzed
    Dezzed 31 October 2013 19: 33
    -5
    Let the Belarusians sell a couple of pieces, let them fight. And then it will be possible to discuss something like that!
    1. ruslan207
      ruslan207 31 October 2013 20: 43
      +4
      DezzeD -Already 20 pieces were sold to Vietnam, I’ll tell you one secret in 98, the states chose the Belarusian optics not Israeli or German for space imagery of their territory, it says a lot, so the thing is small
  9. tforik
    tforik 31 October 2013 19: 42
    +2
    Well done Belarusians! God grant Old Man health!
  10. woland05
    woland05 31 October 2013 21: 24
    +1
    Glad for the Belarus brothers, but I would like to see our UAVs ...