Military Review

International debt will remain unpaid

29

After the withdrawal of its troops from Afghanistan in 2014, the United States risks losing control not only of the situation in the country, but also of dozens of facilities built with American money. The amount of US investment in the Afghan economy since 2002, amounted to $ 86 billion, $ 10,7 billion to spend next year. By that time, the main forces of the international coalition will have left the country, and the remaining "limited contingent" will be able to control no more than a quarter of Afghan territory. The US authorities are sounding the alarm, fearing that they will lose access to the facilities that they themselves have created and financed.


The withdrawal from Afghanistan of the international security assistance forces is fraught for the United States with a loss of control over strategically important facilities that have been funded by Washington since 2002. Such a conclusion is contained in a letter to the Office of the Sector for the Reconstruction of Afghanistan (SIGAR) John Sopko to US Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel, as well as to the heads of the State Department and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) John Kerry and Rajiv Shah.

Over the 12 years after the start of the military operation in Afghanistan, the United States will invest about $ 97 billion in the country's economy. This is primarily about projects in the fields of energy, transport and agriculture. Their sponsors are USAID, as well as US engineering troops.

After the US contingent leaves Afghanistan in 2014, the implementation of all these projects will be under threat. Washington is afraid that they will not be able to control the work of the facilities built by the Americans - they will be outside the few areas where the US will maintain its military presence. In 2014, Americans will be able to control no more than 21% of the territory of Afghanistan (compared to the current 65%).

The Pentagon has already announced that they will be able to provide access only to objects located no farther than hourly availability from US military bases. Inspectors are prohibited from traveling for longer safety reasons. Thus, at least 15 projects worth more than $ 1 billion will be out of the access zone. For example, the US will not be able to control the installation of the turbine at the Kajaki HPP in the southern Helmand province and the construction of a highway in Khost province in eastern Afghanistan, as well as construction and operation of three expensive military facilities for the Afghan army.

However, even in such conditions, USAID does not intend to refuse to finance its projects and has already announced a new tender for $ 200 million. With this money, the agency intends to find contractors who will have to hire staff from among the Afghans. They will be assigned the task of controlling the "American objects" after the withdrawal of the main contingent. In USAID, they are now searching for new methods of observing enterprises built with US funds, including the most unconventional ones, for example, analyzing photographs obtained from satellites.

International debt will remain unpaidAnxiety SIGAR causes and the fate of American money allocated to Kabul. In a report to Congress, Special Assistant John Sopko said that far from the entire amount sent by Washington to recovery programs is being spent on purpose. According to the results of inspections this year alone, the inspectors questioned the cost of $ 2 billion.

The SIGAR and USAID cooperation with the terrorist groups operating in Afghanistan, the Taliban and Al Qaeda, is worrying. Inspectors have recorded 43 cases like this, expressing surprise that "the US government enters into contracts with those against whom it is fighting."

The inspectors also raised serious doubts about the projects in Afghanistan that the United States intends to finance next year. USAID has already requested $ 2014 billion from the 10,7 budget. With these funds, the agency intends, in particular, to supply military special forces to Afghanistan Aviation in the amount of $ 778 million. Inspectors are convinced that these funds will be wasted: the Afghans have neither the skills nor the technical support to use these aircraft effectively.
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  1. rekrut
    rekrut 30 October 2013 11: 20 New
    +6
    All these are fairy tales.
    1. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov 30 October 2013 11: 22 New
      11
      I didn’t understand, but what kind of control is the US in Afghanistan? All that they control is the center of Kabul and their bases on which they sit.
      PS The center of Kabul is controlled in the daytime. At night, power changes.
      1. Canep
        Canep 30 October 2013 11: 31 New
        17
        Quote: Alexander Romanov
        I didn’t understand, but what kind of control is the US in Afghanistan?

        Poppy fields! These are the main objects of American investment, and they will remain unguarded by American soldiers. Although the channels for the export of foolishness will remain under US control.
        1. cosmos111
          cosmos111 30 October 2013 11: 59 New
          18
          The punitive operation of the United States and NATO forces, call: international duty.
          This is blasphemy in relation to the memory of the fallen Soviet soldiers performing a REALLY INTERNATIONAL DUTY in AFGHANISTAN.
          And yankers are just natural born killers.
          Natural Born Killers
        2. GDP
          GDP 30 October 2013 12: 27 New
          +5
          Since the start of the US military operation in Afghanistan, the production of narcotic substances and their exports have grown several times ...
          1. waisson
            waisson 30 October 2013 15: 15 New
            +1
            these enclaves were formed around the drug rookery where the Americans protect them
      2. Standard Oil
        Standard Oil 30 October 2013 13: 32 New
        +1
        Quote: Alexander Romanov
        I didn’t understand, but what kind of control is the US in Afghanistan? All that they control is the center of Kabul and their bases on which they sit.
        PS The center of Kabul is controlled in the daytime. At night, power changes.

        You are absolutely right, in the entire history of the wars in Afghanistan, neither side has achieved complete control over the country, neither the British nor the USSR, and certainly it has not become an exception to NATO, the maximum is a kind of control over the territory of a military base, and in some places in large cities like Kabul, Jalalabad or Herat, everything else is controlled by the Taliban, and if NATO leaves, everything will return to the situation of the 2001 of the year.
        1. Corsair5912
          Corsair5912 30 October 2013 20: 07 New
          +2
          Quote: Standard Oil
          You are absolutely right, in the entire history of the wars in Afghanistan, neither side has achieved complete control over the country, neither the British nor the USSR, and certainly it has not become an exception to NATO, the maximum is a kind of control over the territory of a military base, and in some places in large cities like Kabul, Jalalabad or Herat, everything else is controlled by the Taliban, and if NATO leaves, everything will return to the situation of the 2001 of the year.

          There is a difference between the presence in Afghanistan of USAA and NATO and the presence of the USSR.
          The USSR never set control over Afghanistan and sent its troops there at the invitation of the government, to provide technical assistance in the fight against foreign mercenaries by dushmans and to prevent American intervention.
          Since the 30's, the USSR has helped Afghanistan build a peaceful life, sending equipment and specialists there.
          NATO and USAA are the aggressors who invaded Afghanistan under the pretext of fighting al-Qaeda terrorists, created by the CIA to overthrow the legitimate government of Afghanistan in the 80 years. The Yankees and their European henchmen brought nothing but war and devastation to Afghanistan.
      3. Lord of the Sith
        Lord of the Sith 30 October 2013 16: 23 New
        +1
        By the way, yes, this is evidenced by a sharp decrease in losses.

        2001 12
        2002 70
        2003 58
        2004 60
        2005 131
        2006 191
        2007 232
        2008 295
        2009 521
        2010 711
        2011 566
        2012 402
        2013 144
        Total 3393 (information on October 29)

        But here is a link to the Taliban’s activity maps http://www.icosgroup.net/multimedia/maps/
        1. The comment was deleted.
    2. seller trucks
      seller trucks 30 October 2013 11: 52 New
      +9
      The United States risks losing control not only over the situation in the country, but also over dozens of facilities built with American money.


      I patstalom, and what other than the US military bases built in Afghanistan? schools, kindergartens, maybe a nuclear power plant or some kind of factory? let them not zvizd, everything paid off with drugs, and the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan is still a question, most likely the regular military will be replaced by "wild geese", they are not completely stupid people, they refuse such money
      1. Fin
        Fin 30 October 2013 12: 26 New
        +6
        Quote: seller trucks
        and what besides the military bases the US built in Afghanistan? schools, gardens,

        Like what. They dug channels for watering drugs, highways for quick delivery to airfields, guard towers for protecting farmland, warehouses for storage and runways for the export of dope.
        1. Aryan
          Aryan 30 October 2013 16: 05 New
          +6
          Actually on the map green is hemp
          and red is poppy
          blue squares - product collection points
          and the stars in the circle are the annoying historical incorrigible eyeglass of the cartographer
          sad
    3. alone
      alone 30 October 2013 21: 00 New
      +1
      Quote: rekrut
      All these are fairy tales.


      right. the usa from captured places just does not go away.
  2. vladsolo56
    vladsolo56 30 October 2013 11: 26 New
    +7
    What billions has the United States invested in Afghanistan? what nonsense. If such money was allocated, then the NATO generals pulled 100% of the majority, invested the rest in the drug trade.
    1. Retx
      Retx 30 October 2013 12: 22 New
      +3
      For comparison, I will leave here a link to Soviet investment: http://www.vkimo.com/node/222
    2. Nayhas
      Nayhas 30 October 2013 12: 35 New
      -1
      Quote: vladsolo56
      If such money was allocated, then at 100% the NATO generals dragged most of it away, the rest they invested in the drug trade.

      Do you have a reliable source?
      1. vladsolo56
        vladsolo56 30 October 2013 12: 48 New
        +1
        Quote: Nayhas
        Do you have a reliable source?
        Do you doubt it? What was the USA built in Afghanistan? maybe schools? maybe some production? it says energy, what exactly? what kind of energy? if the one that feeds the NATO bases, then it’s for the chickens to laugh. If the USSR invested in the economy of Afghanistan, then many enterprises still work. So your question is about nothing
      2. bif
        bif 31 October 2013 00: 50 New
        0
        Quote: Nayhas
        Quote: vladsolo56
        If such money was allocated, then at 100% the NATO generals dragged most of it away, the rest they invested in the drug trade.

        Do you have a reliable source?

        Something I do not recall a single link you provided to substantiate your words ...
    3. goldfinger
      goldfinger 30 October 2013 18: 50 New
      0
      Neighbor Belarus.
      Quote: vladsolo56
      What billions has the United States invested in Afghanistan? what nonsense. If such money was allocated, then the NATO generals pulled 100% of the majority, invested the rest in the drug trade.

      You so confidently assert about the embezzlement of money that the conclusion suggests itself that you filmed the transfer of thick packs of "green" into the bottomless pockets of the bourgeois generals! After all, these shots will blow up the Internet! Feel free to post it online! I read about the theft of Soviet generals in the 90s in the Russian media. With facts. The avatar doesn't seem to be a teenager.
      1. bif
        bif 31 October 2013 00: 55 New
        0
        Quote: goldfinger
        About the theft of Soviet generals in the 90 years, I read in the Russian media. With the facts.

        Read about the theft of NATO by their own leadership in the foreign press. With facts.
        “The robbery of financial assistance for the reconstruction of Afghanistan is one of the reasons why, in the seventh year of the American presence, the country still cannot cope with the civil war and devastation, cannot firmly stand on its feet.
        Theft of dollars allocated to help Afghanistan for several years write foreign publications. On March 31, these signals were confirmed in a report by the Assistance Coordination Council for Afghanistan (ACBAR). Based on information and data from about a hundred non-governmental organizations operating in Afghanistan, including Oxfam, CARE, Christian Aid, Save the Children, Islamic Relief, ACBAR claims that out of 25 billions of dollars allocated by the international community to Afghanistan, just over half came to the country of money. Wherein half of the funds sent to Afghanistan returned to the West in the form of contracts distributed between Western firms, high salaries for specialists and consultants, as well as an unreasonably high estimated cost of implemented projects.... Mustafa Kazimi, chairman of the economic commission in the Afghan parliament, argued then that from every donated dollar, 75 cents returned to the West ...
        Two-thirds of the funds are sent by foreign financial donors without coordination and even without informing the Afghan government about their purpose ...
        ACBAR emphasized that almost all funds allocated to Afghanistan are used for military expenses, and pennies remain to restore the state’s economy and infrastructure. "http://novosti.ua/ru/world/34848
        1. goldfinger
          goldfinger 31 October 2013 03: 20 New
          0
          half of the funds sent to Afghanistan returned to the West in the form of contracts distributed between Western firms, high salaries for specialists and consultants, as well as unjustifiably high estimated costs of completed projectsCit.
          .. I got tired of these clichés, such as "NATO generals", "American military clique", as if I returned to my unit many years ago on the PPR. So officials, or generals? And who invested in the drugs? So I see "hummers" with seed drills. Like zombie children, honestly.
          1. vladsolo56
            vladsolo56 31 October 2013 05: 35 New
            -1
            Quote: goldfinger
            .. I got tired of these clichés, such as "NATO generals", "American military clique", as if I returned to my unit many years ago on the PPR. So officials, or generals? And who invested in the drugs? So I see "hummers" with seed drills. Like zombie children, honestly.

            and your statements have bothered me and what will we do? However, you do not like our site? then as they say, walk Vasya.
  3. Kowalsky
    Kowalsky 30 October 2013 11: 35 New
    +3
    Quote: vladsolo56
    What billions has the United States invested in Afghanistan?

    You yourself answered your own question. The economy of Afghanistan is the drug trade. That is, all of these billions were directed to the development and maintenance of the drug trafficking network. The withdrawal of American troops will not change anything. There will only be as many specialists as needed to coordinate deliveries to Russia and restrain especially zealous Taliban (those who are "against everyone" and have not been bought, because no one wants to buy them).
  4. asadov
    asadov 30 October 2013 11: 50 New
    +1
    Yeah, that's for sure. They did not spend them but invested in the development of the "drug business"
  5. a52333
    a52333 30 October 2013 11: 56 New
    +2
    At the expense of these funds, the agency intends, in particular, to supply military forces worth $ 778 million to the Afghan special forces.
    Well, come on. sprinkle the beads.
  6. makarov
    makarov 30 October 2013 12: 08 New
    +1
    Quote: Alexander Romanov
    All they control is cent Kabul

    Sorry to tweak: All they control is Kabul Cent.
    So probably more objective.
  7. ZU-23
    ZU-23 30 October 2013 12: 14 New
    +1
    In general, the Americans invested bucks in drugs, drove the official Afghan into debt, and the international debt will remain unpaid)))
  8. denson06
    denson06 30 October 2013 12: 26 New
    +1
    The fact that they were "hit" ... and without money injections and the presence of the military will lose control - it's a no brainer and without serious chewing. They understand that they have already sat out all the terms there, but they are afraid of losing control over the opium fields and the political situation ... and in general their influence in the region .. And there is nowhere "devatsa", guys ... Sincerely .. hi
  9. knn54
    knn54 30 October 2013 13: 09 New
    +3
    International duty is anti-personnel landmines that, like garbage, are scattered throughout Afghanistan.
    -USA risk losing control not only over the situation in the country ...
    Hamid Karzai cannot even take a step on "his" land without the accompaniment of "his" bodyguards from the US special forces. In fact, the country is ruled by local "mafiosi" closely associated with former field commanders brought to power with the help of the Yankees. They run the country, according to Pilger (an Australian film director, screenwriter, journalist and public figure), with "fear, extortion and monopolization of the opium poppy trade."
  10. Troy
    Troy 30 October 2013 16: 25 New
    +1
    Amers have a printing press, what should they worry about? Print more bucks. wassat
  11. Corsair5912
    Corsair5912 30 October 2013 19: 52 New
    0
    The Pentagon has already announced that they will be able to provide access only to objects located no farther than hourly availability from US military bases. Inspectors are prohibited from traveling for longer safety reasons. Thus, at least 15 projects worth more than $ 1 billion will be out of the access zone. For example, the US will not be able to control the installation of the turbine at the Kajaki HPP in the southern Helmand province and the construction of a highway in Khost province in eastern Afghanistan, as well as construction and operation of three expensive military facilities for the Afghan army.

    Naive Yankees think that they will sit safely on military bases, that Afghans will pray for "white masters." Right now, they will pray, only the tuxedos will be fixed and the missiles will be guided.
    The fraternal Chinese people will not be able to refuse the supply of weapons to the Afghan fighters against imperialism.
    Here the Yankees will have fun: - this will become fun, this will be good.
  12. Migari
    Migari 30 October 2013 20: 20 New
    0
    During the Nato’s presence in Afghanistan, drug production increased, after the launch of Operation Enduring Freedom, conducted by US forces in conjunction with coalition forces, in 2001, poppy plots increased 100 times and the production of “finished goods”, that is heroin - 40 times.
  13. APASUS
    APASUS 30 October 2013 20: 23 New
    0
    I read and do not believe the Americans invested $ 86 billion in the economy of Afghanistan
    Yes, for that kind of money they should turn the country into Kuwait! Where is the money invested?
    In the construction of fortresses and poppy dacs? Ah well done!
  14. uzer 13
    uzer 13 30 October 2013 21: 29 New
    0
    [SIGAR is also alarmed by the fate of American money allocated to Kabul]
    Why should I worry? The money allocated to Kabul has never gone anywhere. Because they were all privatized by the next ruling regime to the last cent and to the last cent. How can they distinguish their money from the state when there is no state, there’s only territory.
  15. chunga-changa
    chunga-changa 30 October 2013 21: 51 New
    0
    This is primarily about projects in the fields of energy, transport and agriculture.

    We know what kind of projects there are in "agriculture".
  16. mixxlll
    mixxlll 30 October 2013 22: 39 New
    0
    They will leave. there will be mercenaries and nothing will change.
  17. x.andvlad
    x.andvlad 30 October 2013 22: 40 New
    +1
    The Americans eventually realized that they had stepped in guano. The people there, to put it mildly, are peculiar, with certain traditions and values. Besides growing and selling drugs, he can't do anything else. To prevent them from doing this is more expensive. And then in fact it is necessary to fight, and the Americans only like to bomb, and to fight is a bummer. And besides, there is an opportunity to profit by secretly covering up this "business", calling it control over the situation. It is impossible to control the situation there. Local people do not control it everywhere. In general, the guys have completed their task - drug trafficking has been established (this is now called a project in agriculture). Fortunately, the United States is far away. And for Russia, and for Europe, the Americans have created a big problem.