Military Review

Russian guns Suomenlinna


1. The first cannons I encountered on the Suomenlinna Islands are in the fence of the Lutheran church on the island of Iso Mustasaari. This ship cannon obviously from the XVIII century, apparently, the Swedish.

2. Newer guns, preserved right in the positions, I first got caught on the island of Lancy Muste.

3. They are specially preserved in their original form, and are of greatest interest to those visiting Suomenlinna.

4. However, the most powerful battery, Kustaanmiekki, is located on Susisaari, the southernmost island of the fortress.

5. These are coastal defense weapons of the late 19th century, with a rather complex structure.

6. The paint is still preserved on thick trunks, they are almost not damaged by rust.

7. Before we look at the guns themselves, let us go down to the sub-refugee arsenal.

8. In addition to the doors, there are small windows traditional for the powder magazine.

Russian guns Suomenlinna

9. Inside is a walk-through stone gallery.


11. In the cellar itself, the crane-beam for moving heavy projectiles is preserved.

12. Let's go back to the shaft.

13. Lafet offshore coastal artillery. To change the direction of firing, the gun is placed on rails and can be moved around the circumference around the point of attachment.

14. To turn the gun used a worm gear.

15. On the wheels provided special gears.

16. A ladder was provided for climbing the platform.

17. The floor on the site is covered with intricate metal mesh.

18. A tap was provided to feed the charges.


20. A massive barrel is installed in a riveted box carriage.

21. Shock absorbing devices were designed to absorb recoil energy.



24. Traditionally, the inscriptions on the guns applied to the breech and the axle. The date indicated on the breech of the gun, says about its Russian origin.

25. Exactly: on the trunnion in Russian, the weight of the gun is indicated, about 16 tons. On the opposite axle weight is indicated without a lock.

26. Most of the guns are cast at the Perm Steel Cannon Plant.

27. Some of the guns are old, Krupp, converted at the Obukhov plant in St. Petersburg.

28. The gates on the guns are different. In Russian - piston type. Such bolts were widely used in large-caliber guns, although their rate of fire is lower compared to the wedge bolt.

29. V-bolt - a characteristic feature of Krupp guns. This shutter has more weight, but more convenient and safer.

30. So the wedge gate looks from the inside.

31. In one place of the island there is an entire collection of Russian cannons from the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.


33. Such mortars were used in the First World War.

34. There are inscriptions in Russian on the missing turning mechanisms.


36. Even in the fortress, you can see the carriage with giant wheels from a surviving infantry gun.

37. And this gun number 6663 was cast in St. Petersburg. The inscription Sh.O.T. I could not solve it. If you have any idea what this might mean, write in the comments.

Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Ivan79
    Ivan79 7 November 2013 09: 39
    Class! Feels the strength and power of Russian weapons.
    1. Papakiko
      Papakiko 7 November 2013 12: 30
      Quote: Ivan79

      At least somewhere, something has been saved, albeit not in a very solid form.
      And then under St. Petersburg, similar fortifications are just ruins. (Lissy Nos-Kronshtadt-Malaya Izhora) Yes, in general, then all the fortifications are not only in the Gulf of Finland and the islands but in the whole country in gloom.
      The most not injured in Vladik and then in g ... turned.
  2. makarov
    makarov 7 November 2013 09: 41
    Informative material. Thanks to the author.
  3. datur
    datur 7 November 2013 09: 57
    deadly beauty !!!!! good
  4. rennim
    rennim 7 November 2013 09: 58
    Despite the centuries-old design of the guns, they look so technologically and competently designed that you are simply amazed.
  5. Same lech
    Same lech 7 November 2013 10: 01
    Go still and can still shoot - if you charge and shoot.
  6. Rurikovich
    Rurikovich 7 November 2013 10: 25
    Great article! In my opinion, one of the guns of this type was preserved even in Lushun (formerly Port Arthur) - the 254-mm shore gun of the Electric Cliff battery.
  7. Vladimir73
    Vladimir73 7 November 2013 10: 41
    An interesting tour, the photos are gorgeous!
  8. Walking
    Walking 7 November 2013 11: 05
    Good! And we would have already cut and stole everything.
    1. Vanya Ivanov
      Vanya Ivanov 7 November 2013 13: 12
      who minus you, to put it mildly - an ignorant person. On the forts of Kronstadt exactly everything is done this way: plundered, cut, destroyed and filthy.
      1. Walking
        Walking 7 November 2013 17: 43
        Yes, not only in Kronstadt, unfortunately, in the Far East the same picture. So look and evil takes why we relate to our history?
  9. Nayhas
    Nayhas 7 November 2013 11: 25
    Beauty, it’s a pity that it’s not well maintained ... It would be possible to make an excellent museum ...
    1. Vanya Ivanov
      Vanya Ivanov 7 November 2013 13: 18
      no. actually it’s very well maintained and, if possible, kept there. I have been to Sveaborg more than once.
  10. kind
    kind 7 November 2013 12: 21
    The inscription of Sh.O.T. I could not solve. If you have any ideas what this could mean, write in the comments.

    The abbreviation SH.O.T. means "Heavy assault gun".
    1. shurup
      shurup 7 November 2013 13: 08
      I doubt that at that time there were assault guns.
      There is also an inscription by M.A. which looks like "naval artillery".
      1. MilaPhone
        MilaPhone 7 November 2013 14: 03
        Quote: shurup
        The abbreviation SH.O.T. means "Heavy assault gun".

        Maybe Sh.O.T. - these are the initials of the master who made the tool?
        1. kind
          kind 7 November 2013 18: 42
          There were assault guns at that time, and this is a towed gun, i.e. not stationary.
          1. saygon66
            saygon66 9 November 2013 11: 46
            - Since the letters at the bottom are "blurred" - it could be Roman III!
  11. Stinger
    Stinger 7 November 2013 13: 42
    Port Arthur. 10 inch Cliff Battery Gun.
    In Port Arthur, fortifications and coastal batteries from the time of the Russo-Japanese War were no less powerful than those given in this interesting article. In childhood, from 1946 to 1950, with the other children of officers of the 39th Army of the Soviet troops, all the corners of Port Arthur were covered. Impressions of these grandiose structures and giant guns have not erased so far. It would be interesting for any of the artillery specialists to publish the tactical and technical characteristics of this kind of artillery.
    1. Starina_hank
      Starina_hank 7 November 2013 20: 47
      Visit the site "Northern Fortresses", there are excellent photos of naval batteries and RIA forts.
  12. mithridate
    mithridate 7 November 2013 15: 01
    amazing safety of guns
  13. bbss
    bbss 7 November 2013 15: 13
    Thanks for the report!
  14. Aleks tv
    Aleks tv 7 November 2013 16: 09
    The Swedish fortress of Suomenlinna (translated from Finnish - Finnish fortress) received this name, if I am not mistaken, all in 1918 year.
    Previously called Sveaborg (translated from Swedish - Swedish fortress), in Finnish it sounded Viapori, so she was called in history.
    During the transition to Russia, it became an outpost of guarding the fairways leading to St. Petersburg.
    This is one of the places where I would like to visit ...

    Thanks a lot to the author for the wonderful material and pictures.
    More to her stories and narrations ...
  15. Eugeniy_369
    Eugeniy_369 7 November 2013 16: 44
    Hmm ... with this argument you can’t take laughing .
    Article plus, credited author -> author -> author nafotkal))))
  16. kav669
    kav669 7 November 2013 18: 24
    Feel the power of the guns. Interesting material with photos. Thank you.
  17. pasha1713
    pasha1713 7 November 2013 19: 09
    Thanks for the article, very interesting photos good
  18. Tehb
    Tehb 7 November 2013 22: 11
    In IVangorod fortress preserved guns. Non-escaped. True pictures must be searched. If I find it, I'll post it.
  19. knyazDmitriy
    knyazDmitriy 8 November 2013 05: 39
    and in Nakhodka, the battery that shot through the entire bay (tungus) was completely cut. but the system of moves was preserved, though flooded
  20. saygon66
    saygon66 9 November 2013 17: 36
    - Miraculously preserved cannon in the Museum of the World Ocean, Kaliningrad. (Königsberg)