Military Review

Belarusian GPV-2015 remained on paper

25
There are no means for all the necessary models of weapons and military equipment for the re-equipment of the Armed Forces of the Republic and are not expected yet.


The WPC weekly in the article on the state of rearmament of the Belorussian army told that the ambitious State Armaments Program adopted in the second half of the first decade of the 2000 was significantly stalled due to the rampant financial crisis almost three years ago in the republic. to 2015 year. It is significant that after the completion of the strategic Russian-Belarusian exercises Zapad-2013, which took place mainly in the republic in September, Alexander Lukashenko, who was present at their final stage, did not make any statements as usual that the Belarusian army was reliable stronghold in protecting the sovereignty of the country and it has everything necessary for this.

It is obvious that nowadays the Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus are re-arming mainly on old, upgraded samples a decade ago. Officials in these conditions are trying to convince the Belarusian society and the military themselves that everything is not only not bad, but even very good. However, even information appearing in the open press indicates the opposite situation.

Funds for the purchase of weapons and military equipment frankly little

“Today we are going step by step in accordance with the program of building the armed forces. By the 2013 – 2015 years, our army will be completely re-equipped and will meet the highest advanced standards, ”President Alexander Lukashenko showed such high optimism, summing up the comprehensive operational exercises five years ago“ Autumn-2008 ”.

But a little more than two years passed, as the country's leader at a memorable meeting, which was shown on local TV channels, was forced to almost separate the leadership of the Ministry of Defense and the government, grappling on the basis of a significant cutback last funds allocated to the HPV-2015. This happened before the financial collapse in the country. After the meeting, it became clear that the military had to back down.

Three months after that, in February 2011 of the year, speaking to the leadership of the army, the Supreme Commander said: “We simply must reach a reasonable balance of expenses between the maintenance of the armed forces and their development. Forces and means need to be concentrated only on the most urgent, breakthrough directions, which give the greatest increase in combat potential or another concrete practical result. ”

But to this day, it seems, this balance has not been properly developed, there is a catastrophic lack of money for individual breakthrough directions. Here are the numbers.

According to expert estimates, in recent years Belarus’s annual military spending was no more than 1,3 – 1,5 per cent of GDP, which in specific terms in 2012 was about 600 million dollars. In his program article, published in 2013 in February on the occasion of the 95 anniversary of the armed forces of the Republic of Belarus, the Defense Minister, Lieutenant-General Yuri Zhadobin, at the same time, stated that “in a situation of radical change in the global situation The military budget of our country in recent years is about one percent. " In the autumn of 2012, it was announced that the Government of the Republic of Belarus had no plans to increase spending on state defense in 2013. Belarusian Prime Minister Mikhail Myasnikovich said that the cost of maintaining security forces in the next year is planned at the level of 8,8 percent of the consolidated budget of the country, growth - in 1,24 times.

The increase in the country's purely defense expenditures in dollar equivalent in this line looks even smaller in 1,15. From the planned budget - 2013, the army share will be four percent or less of 686,4 million dollars (for comparison: in 2012-m - 595,5 million dollars, in 2011-m - 588,2 million). You cannot count on any significant purchases of weapons and military equipment with such funding. Moreover, with the aggravation of the financial component, all these poor means can be absorbed by the military social sphere.

It is also significant that neither before the crisis, nor after in Minsk, either in part or in the statement, did they disclose the provisions of the national LG-2015. The funds that are allocated to it have never been called. The program can only be judged by the statements of individual officials, by their certain optimistic hints. The sums are almost quarterly adjusted downwards.

Therefore, in Minsk, and in relation to the HPV-2015 "silence figure". At least, this impression is created when you try to understand the essence of things in the re-equipment of the armed forces of Belarus. I remember that in November 2007, the then head of the missile forces and artillery, Colonel Mikhail Puzikov, had let slip that Belarus intends to buy Iskander missile systems in Russia, as soon as this statement was officially disavowed in the coming days.

According to the LG-2015, Belarus was able to finance and re-equip (2011 – 2012 in December-January) with the latest Tor-M2 anti-aircraft missile systems only two 120 batteries of the anti-aircraft missile brigade deployed in Baranovichi (Brest region). A total of eight units of this air defense system were received. In August, the Belarusians 2012 perfectly shot from the first "four" new products at the Ashuluk training ground. It was reported that by the end of 2013, the brigade would already have a division called Thor-2M (18 units).

This action by officials in some cases is issued almost as a massive rearmament. At the same time, it is constantly reminded that only in the last decade the C-125 anti-aircraft missile system has been completely changed to C-300. But this replacement occurred in the middle of the first decade of the 2000's and has nothing to do with the LG-2015.

Without money weapons will not be

Against this background, the position of Alexander Lukashenko regarding the rearmament of the national army was again noticeably adjusted. 24 January 2013 of the year he held a meeting with the government, "defense industry" and the military, in which in a tough form demanded from them the creation of new industries and modern weapons systems that are in demand on the domestic and foreign markets. “At the same time, I want to warn everyone: no manilovshchiny, hats and begging of easy money for some ideas! - he said. “Only specific products, price, deliveries abroad and into our army.” Immediately, he also outlined what exactly should be created: troops and weapons control systems, protection systems against precision weapons, radar stations and air defense systems.

Belarusian GPV-2015 remained on paper“All current samples produced by Belarusian defense enterprises are already in demand, especially in Russia,” the president said. “Today, more than 70 percent of the Belarusian military-industrial complex’s output goes to the foreign market, and equipment of such enterprises as Peleng, MZKT, Tetrahedr is sold almost entirely to foreign customers.” But this is not enough. And Lukashenko made such a remarkable accent: “We managed to overcome the situation when the Soviet equipment that was too much in our armed forces prevailed in the export structure. Now almost 90 percent of the exported weapons and services are Belarusian. Such a positive trend needs to be fixed. ”

Currently, the army and the defense industry of the country are within the framework of the implementation of the National Security Concept, the Concept for the Development of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus to 2020, and the Plan for the Construction and Development of the Armed Forces for 2011 – 2015. The latter envisages bringing the Armed Forces in line with the existing challenges and economic opportunities of the state, transition to modern systems and models of weapons and military equipment, and the development of military infrastructure.

At the same time, the economic opportunities of the state prevail over the legitimate good wishes. It is noticeable that there is a certain belief that the financial situation will suddenly change by a miracle. Of course, last year Moscow gave tangible concessions to a friendly country, but the funds released for rearmament are still not enough.

The country's defense minister, Yuri Zhadobin, in his public speeches significantly specifies the projects implemented by the army that can give a strategic result. However, in practice, the "defense industry" and the military leadership, in addition to the purchase of the "Top-2M", could only transfer promising models of weapons and equipment to the wheelbase of domestic production. Officially, it is reported that at the beginning of 2013, the 1,2 received thousands of vehicles from the Minsk Automobile Plant at the beginning of the year.

It is curious, however, that at the same time, within the framework of military cooperation with China, 2012 light-armored Dongfeng EQ22 Mengshi (“Bogatyr”) high-cross-country vehicle was supplied to 2058 in Belarus for the army special operations forces, which in the same year even participate in a military parade. In the Chinese army, this machine was put into service in the 2007-m, the developers position it in many ways as superior to the famous American SUV "Hummer." But in this purchase, perhaps, there is more politics than practical benefits. The Chinese in fact at one time strongly recommended to Belarusians their training aircraft instead of the Czech L-39. Minsk refused, but apparently, in order not to offend friends, purchased the “Warriors”.

It should be noted that the overwhelming majority of Russian analysts, with their sometimes sharply opposite-minded attitude towards Lukashenko himself, sympathize with the fact that a similar situation has developed in Belarus. Many believe that in this situation Moscow should find an opportunity to respond adequately in the framework of military-technical cooperation with Minsk and agreements on the development of the Western Belarusian-Russian group of troops, which, as we know, includes the entire Belarusian army.

Belarusian politicians and military are primarily interested in ready-made Russian samples. Priority is given to the high-precision operational-tactical missile system (OTRK) "Iskander" and the C-400 "Triumph". Although I already want the "500" (C-500 "Prometheus"), which is still under development. The Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Belarus hopes that as soon as the Russian anti-aircraft missile units are being re-armed, the supplies will go to Belarus approximately in 2013 – 2015 years, which is unlikely, especially with regard to Iskander. In addition, it will again be a serious burden on the national state budget. All these new items are very expensive.

Therefore, in Minsk today they prefer to talk about it evasively and that the supply of Iskander is a matter of time. But this time is supposed to last until 2020 of the year. The army leadership wants to re-equip the 465 th rocket brigade (village Target of the Mogilev region), which is now armed with largely outdated Tochka complexes, at this PTRC.

In Minsk, they also want the fighter of the 4 ++ MiG-35 generation (or the 30 + generation Su-4) to stand guard over the Belarusian sky, and the young pilots would learn to fly on the Yak-130 combat training plane. It is gratifying that in December the 2012 of the Belarusian Ministry of Defense and the Irkut Corporation signed a long-awaited contract for the supply of four Yak-130. According to Irkut, the deal will be completed in 2015 year. It is noted that Belarus in this sense has become the first CIS member state to procure this new winged novelty. The amount of the contract was not mentioned, but we can safely assume that Minsk received a certain advantageous discount both within the framework of bilateral cooperation and legally established preferences throughout the Commonwealth (procurement of armaments at Russian prices), and perhaps as an example of other CIS countries.

But Belarusians need to renew the transport fleet aviation. The IL-76MD VTA of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus will exhaust their life until 2015, and they should be replaced by the IL-76MF with an extended cargo compartment. Earlier it was also about replacing the An-26 with the new An-74 (and the Russian Air Force has now begun replacing the An-26 with the An-140). In addition, eight years ago, the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Belarus wanted to update combat helicopters. Perhaps, on the Yak-130 in two years, the Belarusian military department will still find funds. But in general, for all the necessary weapons and military equipment samples, it seems, there is not and is not even expected.
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  1. Alexander Romanov
    Alexander Romanov 29 October 2013 12: 37 New
    +7
    Without an alliance with Russia, there will be no updates, this is what Lukashenko understands, and therefore all talk of Belarus leaving the CU is complete bullshit. The same situation in Ukraine, announced the construction of corvettes. I glued Yanukovych a sign and a mustache.
    1. Ingvar 72
      Ingvar 72 29 October 2013 12: 43 New
      +6
      Yeah, the Old Man’s situation is awful. And we don’t want to unite with our thieves, and without Russia alone we won’t survive.
      1. alone
        alone 29 October 2013 20: 19 New
        0
        Well, nobody wants to be a thief. Everyone has their thief, who needs yours. Old man is certainly a kind of person, but so far everything is in order. He knows that if you let all the thieves into him, after a year he’ll be left with nothing finally.
  2. Migari
    Migari 29 October 2013 13: 09 New
    +2
    I do not see any particular concern here, Belarus is a "Union State", and there is no particular reason to worry about its defense capability, there is the Russian armed forces for that. Of course, I want to have the most modern weapons, this is natural. But you need to look at the realities of the time. Now almost all countries have financial difficulties, as well as Russia, the same Europe, and the United States is on the verge of bankruptcy, and Russia will still help.
    1. smersh70
      smersh70 29 October 2013 18: 02 New
      -2
      Quote: Migari
      Of course I want to have the most modern weapons, this is natural.

      but why would someone attack MINSK ... why shouldn’t the Ukrainians or the Poles do anything)))) and if someone attacks, that is, weapons worse than Iskander are Belarusian partisans wassat in an instant everyone will be shown Kuzkin’s mother, and first of all to Old Man himself ... good
  3. ramin_serg
    ramin_serg 29 October 2013 13: 13 New
    +2
    I think that the Old Man does the right thing than to give the country to be torn to pieces by the thieves of the Allegarchs is better to be so. And as for GPV-2015, Belarus is not planning to fight with anyone in the near future so that another year can be tolerated
  4. SV
    SV 29 October 2013 13: 33 New
    0
    there is a world practice of transferring equipment for rent, what is not an option?
    1. kafa
      kafa 29 October 2013 16: 24 New
      0
      White Russia is not a banana-lemon Singapore fool
  5. sem.sorok
    sem.sorok 29 October 2013 13: 34 New
    0
    I am not one of those who say that the army is not needed. But the situation with the Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus is simply deplorable. I served in the Armed Forces in 2000 at the age of 24. And already at that moment it was clear where the army was heading. At the moment, things have gotten much worse. Still, a command-administrative economy is not the best solution for Belarus. AHL, by and large, would have cost to carry out economic reform twelve years ago. It's just that most enterprises are currently uncompetitive, and hence all the problems (workload in warehouses, shortfall in taxes to the budget, etc., etc.). But thanks to the same administrative-command system, there is no private business as such. And again - there are no budget receipts and we went on a new one. By the way, we have a lot of officials. It comes to a madhouse - one said here - Belarusians should get sick less. Just like that, on command. And then you understand there is not enough money for healthcare. Oh damn, one thing interests - when will this "era of change" end.
    1. smersh70
      smersh70 29 October 2013 18: 07 New
      -1
      Quote: sem.sorok
      Oh damn, one thing interests - when will this "era of change" end.

      land do not say such a thing smile here just as they pray to the Old Man fellow right now grab a sea of ​​red signs .....
      Quote: sem.sorok
      Well, thanks to the same administrative-command system, there is no private business as such.

      and I saw it with my own eyes in the summer .. when I was looking for a store in Minsk for a kilometer to buy cigarettes ... but at the time of Shushkevich everything was okay ... the authorities created all the conditions for running a private business. there were no problems ..
  6. sem.sorok
    sem.sorok 29 October 2013 13: 35 New
    0
    Quote: SV
    there is a world practice of transferring equipment for rent, what is not an option?

    That’s why it’s not an option. NO MONEY.
  7. bo-754
    bo-754 29 October 2013 14: 10 New
    +1
    Dear Journalists! BELARUS, not Belarus. You do not call Iran Persia, and Myanmar - Burma !!! According to UN international standards, the name of the country should be written according to the rules of its national language. That is - in our case - according to the standards of the Belarusian Movement. The All-Russian Classifier of Countries of the World OK (MK (ISO 3166) 004–97) 025-2001 (OKSM) (adopted and enforced by Decree of the State Standard of the Russian Federation No. 14-st of December 2001, 529) is also categorical: it provides only for the form “Republic Belarus ”and“ Belarus ”, and some fantastic“ Belarus ”is not provided for by them - such a country does not exist.
    1. mirag2
      mirag2 29 October 2013 14: 15 New
      0
      Forgive them, not out of harm, I assure you.
      They just didn’t have time to get used to it. So they got used to it faster than “in Ukraine”, there were too many points of disagreement.
      And the Belarusians are brothers as they were, so they remain. I have not had a chance to argue. Almost. Therefore, they will get used to "Belarus", not "Belorussia" later.
    2. vladsolo56
      vladsolo56 29 October 2013 15: 41 New
      +3
      Here is such a lengthy comment, and all for what? Does the essence change because of what to call? and what is offensive or insulting in the fact that someone called Belarus in the old manner? Or that nationalism rushing, does not give rest? I respect Lukashenko very much, treat Belarus very well, and what, in principle, changes your remark?
      And according to the article, I want to note that if the oligarchs of Russia did not put a stick in the wheel, then there would be much less problems in the economy of Belarus.
    3. biglow
      biglow 30 October 2013 17: 20 New
      0
      Quote: bo-754
      Dear Journalists! BELARUS, not Belarus. You do not call Iran Persia

      according to the norms of the Russian language, Belarus, like Kyrgyzstan, Bashkiria and others. We do not say Deutschland, but we say Germany, or England and we say England ... And as you inside the country call yourself, this is your business. Georgians call themselves sokartveltsy but for us they are Georgians
  8. AVV
    AVV 29 October 2013 15: 14 New
    +1
    Gradually, Belarus will get out of lack of money and begin full re-equipment of the armed forces! It’s bad that the Kazakhs prefer Western technology in some respects !!!
    1. smersh70
      smersh70 29 October 2013 18: 10 New
      -1
      Quote: AVV
      Gradually Belarus will get out of lack of money

      and where is the money, zin .... wassat on the hump of the USSR you can’t drive for a long time .... 2 times Old Man stumbled because of default .... let the Belarusian mentality thank that they did not rise .....
      1. mountain
        mountain 29 October 2013 18: 21 New
        +1
        Here I am, to the same place. We are patient. But it’s good that they didn’t endure.
  9. Genur
    Genur 29 October 2013 15: 38 New
    +3
    Today: Russia will transfer to Belarus four S-300 complexes
    http://www.fontanka.ru/2013/10/29/111/
  10. vitantin
    vitantin 29 October 2013 15: 57 New
    +4
    Of course, an army is needed, but in cases of a big war, Belarus is destined to be a training ground, as always. The first NATO strike is unlikely to leave the Belarusian army combat-ready, and Russia will already fight, and we will portray. In the event of a local conflict, without the participation of the "greats", we will repulse the Ilaham or the Balts. And yet, our "impartial" media claim that the Belarusian army is currently the most combat-ready in Eastern Europe.
  11. Ivanovich47
    Ivanovich47 29 October 2013 16: 02 New
    +1
    Belarusians are the only people who are truly on friendly terms with Russia. And Russia will help in the renovation of armaments. Belarusians cannot rise without a domestic defense industry. Therefore, the help will be significant.
  12. kafa
    kafa 29 October 2013 16: 32 New
    0
    Mlyn even Boriska dear Tsar of Moscow and he realized the importance of friendship with Minsk wassat and you think over the old map of Napoleon’s to Hitler’s and scratched your head to NATO fool
  13. mountain
    mountain 29 October 2013 17: 47 New
    +1
    It is very unfortunate that both Belarus and Ukraine are ruled by completely unaware leaders. And if for garlic, then they themselves chose this path and live at the expense of Russia, and create for their own pleasure, it is time to stop. The results of aid in Chechnya are already visible. They themselves defeated and built themselves, but in the laurels, who? So, my friend Lukashenko is spinning his own, and we need to deal with our GDP and thieves. I wonder what is going on. A childhood friend came to the funeral of his father, spent all his childhood and youth in Russia until the army itself. And after the service there he stayed in Ukraine :))). You haven’t seen each other for twenty-five years. I am glad to see him, how are you, Tolya, how dear are your affairs? And he answered me. It says it’s all to blame. (((They so wanted to be independent, now let them get it out. I’m writing, but I myself understand that the brothers will have to help anyway (((and again at our expense.
    1. mountain
      mountain 29 October 2013 17: 54 New
      0
      I apologize: Russia says it's all to blame
  14. My doctor
    My doctor 29 October 2013 18: 32 New
    0
    At the training ground (somewhere in Baranavichy) one call from the general (or a person holding a general position). And hp - into the forest, there the soldiers are placed in a chain, and a parade ground of mushrooms. Does it remind you of anything? It seems that those times should have passed, but it was not there. wink
  15. My doctor
    My doctor 29 October 2013 18: 32 New
    0
    At the training ground (somewhere in Baranavichy) one call from the general (or a person holding a general position). And hp - into the forest, there the soldiers are placed in a chain, and a parade ground of mushrooms. Does it remind you of anything? It seems that those times should have passed, but it was not there. wink
  16. APASUS
    APASUS 29 October 2013 18: 52 New
    0
    I would not support the army of Belarus, but they could have funded research and development for some developments, albeit for example on a joint venture
  17. PUHACH
    PUHACH 29 October 2013 22: 14 New
    0
    It is noticeable that there is a certain belief that the financial situation will suddenly change miraculously ............. Yeah, there has already been a conversation that pensions will be taxed with income tax from 2014 wassat
  18. ruslan207
    ruslan207 29 October 2013 23: 28 New
    0
    Nikolay Nitsuk-This data was reprinted by this comrade from the yellow press somewhere I already read that it upgrades instantly in Baranavichy is not a problem with the author of this spam tantrum Thu tomorrow is already a war