Military Review

"Available main battle tank" based on M60 Patton (Turkey)

24
Tank M60 Patton was developed by American designers in the late fifties, but still remains in service with many countries. Almost two dozen armies of the world operate several thousand of these armored vehicles. Despite the large number, these Tanks have long been outdated and have insufficient combat capabilities. Since not all countries using M60 tanks can afford new equipment, armored vehicle modernization projects are regularly appearing to increase its capabilities and extend its service life.




In 2011, the Turkish company StandartBio joined the number of firms and organizations working to improve an outdated tank. Its M60 tank modernization project was called the Affordable Main Battle Tank (“Affordable Main Battle Tank”). As the name implies, the aim of the project was to bring the characteristics of the updated tank to the maximum possible. At the same time, the modernization was supposed to have a reasonable price for customers. As potential customers of the modernization of the tank M60 considered the state, in service of which remains a large number of machines of this model. In particular, the Turkish army still uses more than 800-850 obsolete American-made tanks.

One of the most important characteristics of the tank - mobility. To improve the driving performance, the Turkish company proposes to equip the tank with a new diesel engine with an 1200 horsepower. Using such a power plant, the upgraded M60 tank, even heavier due to a number of new equipment, has higher characteristics in comparison with the base machine. In addition, an auxiliary power unit is provided to supply the tank with electricity when the main engine is off. Stated updated suspension and reinforcement suspension. As a result, it is claimed that the updated tank has mobility not worse, and in a number of parameters it is better than that of the basic version vehicle.



Small modifications during the modernization should be subject to the base tank armored hull. Frontal and lateral parts of the body are covered with additional booking modules. The sides and the stern of the turret are equipped with anti-cummer grids. Given the protection parameters of the old modifications of the tank M60, we can say that the installation of additional modules can significantly increase the survivability of the combat vehicle in a real battlefield environment. An interesting update to the protection of the machine was the original commander's turret. Above the commander's hatch is proposed to mount a characteristic armored dome with observant devices and fixtures for the installation of a machine gun.

Almost all modifications of the tank M60 equipped with 105-mm rifled gun. The characteristics of such weapons do not meet modern requirements for a long time. In this regard, StandartBio has carried out a deep modernization of the entire armament complex of an outdated tank. The first thing to note is the revision of the tower and turret equipment, allowing the use of modern gun caliber 120 mm. The updated tank is equipped with a smoothbore gun M256. Having the ability to use all existing 120-mm shots of the NATO standard, such a weapon significantly raises the combat potential of the upgraded tank. Up to 40 unitary shells are placed in the combat compartments.



In the course of the modernization, it was intended to increase the effectiveness of the fire in manpower and the unprotected equipment of the enemy. Like the base machine, the updated tank is equipped with a rifle caliber machine gun coupled to a cannon. The second machine gun caliber 12,7 mm mounted on the mount commander's turret, allowing to direct weapon in the vertical plane. For horizontal guidance, the tank commander must rotate the turret. A significant increase in the capabilities of auxiliary weapons was achieved through the use of an automatic gun. An additional remote controlled turret with an ATK LW25 25-mm cannon is provided at the rear of the tower’s roof. Ammunition automatic cannon - 300 shells.

"Available main battle tank" based on M60 Patton (Turkey)
LW25 gun


When upgrading is supposed to completely replace all sighting devices and other equipment designed to control the fire. The M60 tank, upgraded by the StandartBio project, receives modern digital components of the fire control system, as well as an advanced aiming system. It is argued that the sights used allow the crew to monitor the situation and direct weapons at any time of the day and in any weather conditions. In addition, the new equipment facilitates the work of the crew.




Installation of the LW25 gun on the turret of the upgraded M60 tank


Like all other companies engaged in the production or modernization of armored vehicles, StandartBio was actively promoting its project “Accessible main battle tank”. It should be noted that Turkish engineers applied several interesting technical solutions in the project for updating the outdated combat vehicle. First of all, it is the strengthening of the armament complex due to the automatic cannon. Thus, the upgraded M60, if necessary, can attack three targets simultaneously: with the help of a main gun or a coaxial machine gun, a commanding machine gun and an automatic cannon. In the context of urban battles inherent in modern conflicts, such an opportunity would be useful.

Still, the M60 retrofit project does not allow this combat vehicle to achieve the capabilities of modern main tanks. For example, despite the installation of additional modules, the overall level of protection of the hull and the tower remains insufficient. A modernized tank may not be a very difficult target for modern anti-tank weapons.



On the sides of the tower lattice screens are installed to protect against the RPG


However, we should not forget that the main goal of the Turkish project was to create a set of measures that would allow to increase the characteristics of an obsolete M60 tank to an acceptable level, as well as reduce the cost of upgrading armored vehicles. Such an approach to the creation of the project could allow small, poor countries to upgrade their armored troops without the major costs of acquiring new tanks. Given this feature, the StandartBio project looks interesting and promising.


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On the materials of the sites:
http://standartbio.com/
http://globalsecurity.org/
http://army-guide.com/
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  1. ramin_serg
    ramin_serg 29 October 2013 09: 42
    +3
    Modernization seems to have turned out nothing. Respect article and tank
  2. DuraLexSedLex.
    DuraLexSedLex. 29 October 2013 09: 43
    +2
    The modernization is not bad) I was especially surprised by the additional turret for a 25mm autocannon) Patton was a good tank at one time, but its time has passed and how much it doesn’t hang with armor is far from modern tanks ... but for some reason it’s cheap))) Although it looks modernized it is quite modern)
    1. Akim
      Akim 29 October 2013 09: 53
      +6
      Quote: DuraLexSedLex.
      and how much do not hang it with armor to modern tanks far ... but for some reason cheap

      It depends on how you count. In Turkey there is an Israeli modernization of the M60 Sabra. So the price of this tank is comparable to the new ones.
      1. bask
        bask 29 October 2013 12: 49
        +3
        the cost of acquiring new tanks. With this in mind, StandartBio's project looks interesting and promising.

        Modernization of the M-60 is not bad, but I'm talking about something else.
        In 1964, the first tank of the M60A2 modification was produced with a new turret with a 152 mm gun capable of launching an MGM-51 Shilleila ATGM with a semi-active guidance system. 526 M60A2 tanks were built, the first serially produced assault tank.
        In 1972, they decided to convert them into special armored vehicles for various purposes.
        Assault vehicle M728. They installed a tower similar to M60A1, but with a 165 mm caliber gun designed to destroy particularly strong fortifications.
        These modifications of the M60 (assault tank) are the most interesting.
        1. Odessit16
          Odessit16 29 October 2013 21: 42
          0
          Cyclopsic waffle - a TV with a log look just killer !!! wassat
    2. duke
      duke 29 October 2013 13: 15
      +2
      do not tell me, for counter-partisan actions, an excellent car came out (price-quality ratio, because the Turks received these M-60s for free, as part of military assistance), it can work in the mountains (Kurdistan, I suppose they did it for this), and in cities, for work on the upper floors. In addition, few of Turkey's neighbors have the most modern tanks, so it will be a very dangerous enemy, in addition, cheap and cheerful, not to be compared in price with the same Israeli Sabra modernization for Turkey. For example, the Turks sleep and see how (at the first stage of expansion) to return the northern part of Syria, Iraq, Adjara, part of Armenia, Bulgaria, half of Greece, Crimea, all of Cyprus, Novorossia, etc. (http://3rm.info/35080 -karta-novoy-turcii-othvatila-polovinu-grecii.html) - and an armored fist of 800-900 such vehicles, I suppose, will hardly seem to anyone.
      1. Akim
        Akim 29 October 2013 14: 38
        +1
        Quote: duke
        , besides, it is cheap and cheerful, cannot be compared in price with the same Israeli modernization "Sabra" for Turkey.

        True, I would really like to know the cost of modernization. As for territorial expansion, the Turks do not want foreign land (at least at this stage).
        1. duke
          duke 29 October 2013 15: 34
          +1
          I gave a link to a map of the new Turkey, see for yourself. In addition, why Erdogan so zealously wanted the US bombings of Syria to fuss in and send troops, sort of to help the Americans, just to that part of Syria that is indicated on the map ... well, and the occupation can last for years, or even not stop . hi
          1. Akim
            Akim 29 October 2013 16: 03
            +1
            Quote: duke
            I gave a link to a map of the new Turkey, see for yourself

            I can still look at the map of the new China or Great Romania. The Turks already have a lot of problems with the Kurds and Cyprus. They cannot be allowed.
        2. vahatak
          vahatak 29 October 2013 16: 10
          0
          Quote: Akim
          Turks do not want foreign land (at least at this stage).

          That's right, at this stage they have enough foreign land, but judging by the gestures of Turkey in recent years, the next stage is just around the corner.
      2. Basarev
        Basarev 29 October 2013 16: 21
        +2
        That's just the Syrians have seventy-two who do not care about these rotten Pontoon show-offs
        1. Juleandr
          Juleandr 7 December 2013 19: 35
          0
          I would not be in a hurry with such conclusions. There are t72 old modifications in Syria, besides export ones, so I doubt their advantages over the already modernized M60s. In addition, as written in the article, they put modern electronics in them. T72 outdated modifications, showed themselves in the first Iraq war is far from the best side.
    3. duke
      duke 29 October 2013 13: 28
      +3
      yes, you are right, a similar turret with a remote control with a 23 mm gun or at least 14,5 mm KPVT would not hurt our tanks
      1. Akim
        Akim 29 October 2013 14: 33
        +2
        Quote: duke
        A similar turret with a remote control with a 23 mm gun or at least 14,5 mm KPVT would not hurt our tanks

        In principle, there are such developments.
        1. Abracadabra
          Abracadabra 29 October 2013 15: 22
          +1
          So even in the USSR on the T-64 there was a ZPU with the ability to fire on a remote control.
          1. Akim
            Akim 29 October 2013 16: 11
            +1
            Quote: Abra Kadabra
            T-64 was a ZPU with the ability to fire on a remote control

            Then the question was to increase the caliber. 12,7 machine gun is good, but not enough. And in the Balkan wars, it was revealed that at short distances, fire from a heavy machine gun 12,7 / 14,5 and a 20 \ 23 mm cannon did not differ much when fighting infantry. Only sparka was effective.
            1. bask
              bask 29 October 2013 16: 41
              +6
              Quote: Akim
              . Only spark was effective

              The IS-7 tank housed 7 machine guns: one 14,5 mm and six 7,62 mm.
              A remote synchronous servo-tracking electric machine gun installation was made.
              A prototype turret mount of two 7,62 mm machine guns was mounted and mounted at the stern of the turret, providing all-round machine gun fire.

              And this is in 1945 !!!!
              Modern compact armor, DZ, KAZ, MTO, MSA, now would be the tank number 1 in the world !!!
    4. Basarev
      Basarev 29 October 2013 16: 19
      0
      I wonder why ours do not upgrade the T-64?
      1. Kars
        Kars 29 October 2013 16: 25
        +3
        Because spare parts in Ukraine to buy. Especially the engine.
        and why is UVZ
      2. Akim
        Akim 29 October 2013 16: 36
        +1
        Quote: Basarev
        I wonder why ours do not upgrade the T-64?

        What for? a similar modernization can be done with the T-72. The body is not the main thing.
      3. Juleandr
        Juleandr 7 December 2013 19: 40
        0
        But is it necessary? After working out the resource, they are simply disposed of and replaced with modern samples. Modernization of the T64 in the Russian Federation simply does not make sense.
    5. Civil
      Civil 29 October 2013 17: 08
      0
      just apparently sorry to send for remelting
  3. washi
    washi 29 October 2013 12: 44
    +1
    These are their tanks and finances.
    If we meet, appreciate it.
    But thanks for the info.
  4. The comment was deleted.
  5. vahatak
    vahatak 29 October 2013 13: 13
    +1
    The tank is called "affordable", and we never found out the price of these changes. A new engine, a new gun, new instruments ... Maybe it's better to buy a T-72? He's only worth a million dollars. Not modern, but any Paton will smear on the wall.
    1. Abracadabra
      Abracadabra 29 October 2013 14: 14
      0
      Oh? :) In the 1st Iraqi there were collisions of T-72 and M60, far from that level and did not work in favor of the T-72, of course, primarily due to the fact that the T-72 crews could not get anywhere .. Of course, if The T-72 will fire first and hit, say, the tower, then yes .. But this "affordable" has a better control system, a cannon, I doubt that the T-72 will be able to crawl up to it at its aiming distance .. Biathlon from the T-72 is just clearly shows the problems. This modernization of the M60 is interesting for such conflicts as in Syria, Chechnya, or should be interesting for UVZ, so that they come up with a program to modernize their T-72, which is not capable of fighting in urban conditions.
      1. JIaIIoTb
        JIaIIoTb 29 October 2013 14: 41
        +1
        http://btvt.narod.ru/2/t72istoria.htm
        Read it.
      2. Akim
        Akim 29 October 2013 14: 52
        +5
        Quote: Abra Kadabra
        In the 1st Iraq there were T-72 and M60 collisions, far from such a level and didn’t come out in favor of the T-72,

        Is that in the "World of Tanks"
        In the 1st Iraqi clash, the M60A3 (USA and Saudi Arabia) and the T-72M were near Kuwait Airport and these tanks were powerless against just the export modification of the Ural tank.
        In the second war with a 105-mm cannon, only French tanks AMX-30V2 can boast of damaged third-generation tanks.
        1. Abracadabra
          Abracadabra 29 October 2013 15: 19
          -4
          I will try to find an article by witnesses of these clashes. It described the sudden encounters of Iraqi crews on the T-72 and M60 and BMP2 with Bradley. In both cases, Iraqi crews fired past and were destroyed. Again, I recall the "tank biathlon", where there were too many misses from a spot on a stationary color target at a distance of 1800m, rockets, as far as I remember, did not hit at all. Shoigu said to this - NATO crews make 140 training shots a year, while ours are 10 times less.
          1. Kars
            Kars 29 October 2013 15: 25
            +1
            Quote: Abra Kadabra
            M60

            Only in the first war did the Americans LIMITEDly enter the M60A3 Marine Corps in full Blazer. And they vryatli collided with the T-72 which they had withdrawn from Kuwait during the aviation operation.
          2. duke
            duke 29 October 2013 16: 03
            +2
            Here is an excerpt from the description of an episode of the Iranian-Iraqi war: -The main blow was delivered by the tank units of the Republican Guard, equipped with T-72 and T-72M tanks, from the Al Zubair - Umm Qasr line to the southeast. At the same time, the 7th Iraqi Tank Corps, deployed 16 kilometers north of Fao, with the support of infantry formations, launched an offensive south along the western bank of the Shatt al-Arab. The attack was preceded by the bombardment of Iranian positions with chemical munitions. In the morning, a massive tank attack began, led by T-72 tanks, firing at a high rate and unleashing a barrage of shells on the enemy. The only worthy rival for the T-72 could only be the British Chieftain main battle tank, armed with a powerful 120 mm rifled cannon. Collisions between the T-72M and the Chiefs resulted in heavy losses on both sides. The M60A1, M48 and other outdated tanks did not pose a particular threat to the T-72M - its frontal armor withstood the hits of unfeathered 105-mm sub-caliber M392 and M728 projectiles. However, in 1988 there were relatively few Chieftain tanks left in the Iranian army. Given the massive superiority of the Iraqi troops in tanks, the tasks assigned to the advancing units were completed in 32 hours.http: //pro-tank.ru/blog/573-tank-t-72-in-war? Start = 1
          3. Akim
            Akim 29 October 2013 16: 19
            +2
            Quote: Abra Kadabra
            I will try to find an article by witnesses of these clashes. It described the sudden encounters of Iraqi crews on the T-72 and M60 and BMP2 with Bradley

            Just do not look for Discovery programs. There packs of the Soviet type of technology wet. Bradley, really better than the BMP-2, and there were times when they knocked out Chinese T-59s. But these are ATGMs. This is another decline. Tou and T-72 can pile on.
          4. Jager
            Jager 30 October 2013 21: 29
            0
            I believe in the "hunting stories" of mattress makers as well as in the "memoirs" of Otto Carius.
            If NATO shoots 140 shells, and ours shoot 14, then what does the tank have to do with it ???
      3. duke
        duke 29 October 2013 15: 52
        +6
        But who told you this, there were practically no tank duels in Iraq, and when they happened, even the Abrams had a bad time. The Americans, with the help of satellite tracking systems, discovered tank formations in time and destroyed them mainly by aviation, helicopters. In addition, the Iraques had: t-72 of the first modifications, without modern night vision devices, SLAs, communications, as well as old armor-piercing shells, so the Abrams (with modern aiming and tracking devices) could shoot at them from the maximum range, without fear of getting shell in response. But, not a single 105 mm gun, with any projectile could not take the T-72 in the forehead. An important point was the rear support of the Iraqi Armed Forces was completely violated. Often the Arabs fired their ammunition, or ran out of fuel, simply threw their cars. Of course - the training of crews and the use of technology - left much to be desired.
      4. vahatak
        vahatak 29 October 2013 16: 08
        +3
        Quote: Abra Kadabra
        Oh, oh :) In the 1st Iraqi, there were T-72 and M60 collisions,

        I hear it for the first time. The Americans there even did not dare to use the first version of Abrams on the front line, but only M1A1.

        But in general, I didn’t mean it would literally smack it, but what is a cut above and the T-72 will perform any task better than the M60.

        Quote: Abra Kadabra
        This modernization of the M60 is interesting for such conflicts as in Syria, Chechnya,

        This modification is intended only to extend the life of existing tanks in Turkey, since new ones in the same quantity are too expensive to buy. Israel used to upgrade the M60 for Turkey, but now the relations are not the same, the Turks themselves are trying, so this is rather a necessary measure.
        1. Basarev
          Basarev 29 October 2013 16: 27
          0
          Aha. We made "Altai", in the stability of which even the Turks themselves do not believe.
          1. vahatak
            vahatak 29 October 2013 17: 28
            0
            Quote: Basarev
            Aha. We made "Altai", in the stability of which even the Turks themselves do not believe.

            It is worth adding that the Turks did not do Altai themselves.
      5. duke
        duke 29 October 2013 16: 17
        +4
        For the first time, these machines were used in the fighting in 1982 in Lebanon, in the Bekaa Valley. Soon in the foreign press appeared reports from the battlefields, which one more beautifully described the desert dotted with destroyed Syrian T-72s. In 1982, one of the programs of the West German ZDF channel showed destroyed tanks, but not only the Syrian T-72s, but mostly Israeli M60A1 American-made tanks. Machines had 3 to 6 holes each - a feature of the shooting of Arab tankers, the tank should be hit for sure. They also showed the details of the destroyed T-72s, close-ups and all the time different. But for some reason, the operators did not show a single hole, as in the case of the M60A1. And when they showed the general plan of one of the destroyed Syrian "seventy-two", it became clear that the same tank was destroyed all the time, destroyed by the Syrians themselves, so that the enemy would not get it. http://topwar.ru/index.php?newsid=9716
      6. Basarev
        Basarev 29 October 2013 16: 23
        +1
        Why is it that seventy-two are not able to fight in cities? I remember that during the Georgian war, the T-72 just fought in the cities, and fought excellently.
        1. Akim
          Akim 29 October 2013 16: 30
          +1
          Quote: Basarev
          I remember that during the Georgian war, the T-72 just fought in the cities, and fought excellently.

          And burned well too. Any tank in the city, without support, is almost a suicide bomber.
        2. Geokingxnumx
          Geokingxnumx 2 November 2013 12: 48
          +1
          Quote: Basarev
          I remember that during the Georgian war, the T-72 just fought in the cities, and fought excellently.

          without the support of infantry in the city, a tank or other equipment is an iron coffin!
      7. duke
        duke 29 October 2013 16: 23
        +3
        Confirmation that the losses from the fire of Iraqi tanks "Abrams" suffered, can serve as an example. In the spring of 1993, at the Military Academy. MV Frunze arrived a delegation of American officers led by Chief of Staff of the US Army General C. Wuon. At a meeting with academy officers, he talked a lot about how American tankers destroyed Iraqi tanks and how they famously fought. But when I asked him about the number of Abrams lost from the fire of Iraqi tanks, the general was at first embarrassed and refused to answer, citing fatigue. Http: //topwar.ru/index.php? Newsid = 9716
      8. Jager
        Jager 30 October 2013 21: 27
        +1
        Export T-72s are ordinary steel coffins of the Second World War. Neither multilayer armor, nor modern shells. A kind of T-34 with a 125-mm gun. Export T-72s markedly differed for the worse from those that went into service of their own army. Machine modifications are distinguished by their combat value by orders of magnitude.
        Remind the maximum aiming distance of a modern tank battle? For the European theater it is about 2,5-3 km. This is for the plain. And for mountain Turkey, even less.
        Kagbe will remind you ... ALL tanks are unable to fight in the city, no matter which ones - Mouse, FT-17 or Abrams with T-90.
    2. mvg
      mvg 6 December 2013 23: 15
      0
      why's that? that the T-72 is better than the Sabra, by the way, the tanks are of the same generation
  6. Vasia kruger
    Vasia kruger 29 October 2013 16: 15
    +2
    Listen, when was the last time tanks fought with us?
    There is a feeling that a modern tank is fighting exclusively in the city, and exclusively with infantry.

    In any case, article +
    Very interesting.
    1. Odessit16
      Odessit16 29 October 2013 21: 40
      0
      "Modern" - never. Last time there was a case in Iraq - Abrams against T-72 - sad. And our tanks fought in Chechnya - "white elephants" Dudayev T-62 against our T-72 and T-64. 5 OFS - and the T-62 caught fire.
      1. Prohor
        Prohor 29 October 2013 22: 55
        0
        Five?! Something tells me that not even one tank in the world can hold even three 125-mm OFSs ...
    2. Kars
      Kars 29 October 2013 23: 09
      +3
      Quote: Vasia Kruger
      the last time tanks fought with tanks?

      They are fighting in Syria now. Tanks are used by all parties to the conflict.
      Quote: Prokhor
      not a single tank in the world can hold three 125-mm OFSs ..

      would it be so no one would have suffered with armor-piercing shells.
    3. Juleandr
      Juleandr 7 December 2013 19: 57
      0
      The last real large-scale tank battle was in the first Iraqi battle between the American Abrams and the Hussein Guards fighting on the T72. There, the Americans staged a real battle for the Hussein tank elite, since the T72 were the first modifications and were equipped with old-fashioned electronics. The Abrams destroyed the T72 from long distances, and the Iraqis did not even see them.
      Therefore, in my opinion, the modernization of the M60 equipped with electronics of a new generation is a great alternative in order to drive outdated versions of the T72 and T55 of the third world countries
      1. Akim
        Akim 7 December 2013 20: 21
        0
        Quote: Juleandr
        There, the Americans staged a real massacre of the Hussein tank elite,

        This is yes. Only it was not as simple as described in the movie "Great Tank Battles". The Americans acted according to all the rules of modern combat. They controlled the airspace, scouts were constantly patrolling there, and attack helicopters and MLRS were also involved. In addition, new shells and better sighting equipment in tanks. The shooting was carried out at a distance of more than two km. The Americans needed 1-2 shells to hit the target, the Iraqis 3-4. You rightly said that the Iraqis had outdated shells and a hit did not mean defeat.
  7. Watchman
    Watchman 30 October 2013 00: 42
    +2
    T-72 - the best of the three Soviet MBT. It was not for nothing that they mainly used it in the second Chechen one, but the T-80 and T-64 did not.
    1. Akim
      Akim 30 October 2013 05: 34
      0
      Quote: Watchman
      It was not for nothing that they mainly used it in the second Chechen one, but the T-80 and T-64 did not.

      T-64BV, in general, except in episodic skirmishes in Transnistria, did not fight anywhere. In the second Chechen one, the T-72B was used because the enemy no longer had tanks, and this one is cheap to operate. In the first Chechen, the Dudaevites had T-62M, T-72A (AB). Against them, it was also actively used except for the T-72B and T-80BV.
  8. vietnam7
    vietnam7 30 October 2013 12: 15
    0
    How effective is a 25mm gun with such a short barrel, more like some kind of AGS :)
  9. The comment was deleted.