Military Review

Crimean War: The Battle of Balaclava

65
"Hooves knock on the firmament,
The guns loom away,

Straight to Death Valley
Six squadrons entered.
Alfred Tennyson "The Attack of the Light Cavalry".


25 (13) October 1854-th year, there was one of the biggest battles of the Crimean War - the Battle of Balaclava. On the one hand, the forces of France, Great Britain and Turkey took part in it, and on the other, Russia.

The city-port of Balaclava, lying fifteen kilometers south of Sevastopol, was the base of the English expeditionary corps in the Crimea. The destruction of the Allied forces near Balaclava disrupted the supply of British forces and theoretically could lead to the lifting of the siege of Sevastopol. The battle took place north of the city, in a valley bounded by Sapun Mountain, low Fedyukhiny hills and the Black River. It was the only battle of the entire Crimean War, in which the Russian forces were not inferior to the enemy in numbers.

By the autumn of 1854, despite the persistent bombardment of Sevastopol, it was clear to both sides that there would not be an assault in the near future. Marshal Francois Canrober, the commander-in-chief of the French army, who replaced St. Arnaux, who died of an illness, was well aware that he needed to hurry. With the onset of winter, it will be more difficult for the transports to sail across the Black Sea, and to sleep in tents is not at all beneficial for the health of its soldiers. However, he did not dare either to start preparations for the assault on Sevastopol, or to attack the Menshikov army. In order to get hold of ideas and plans, he even got into the habit of traveling to his colleague in Balaclava, the commander in chief of the English army, Lord Raglan. However, Fitzroy Raglan himself was used to receiving instructions from the highly experienced French headquarters. Some push was necessary for both commanders - and he followed ....

Prince Menshikov, the commander-in-chief of the Russian army, did not at all believe in the success of the ensuing war. However, the sovereign and thought did not allow for the loss of Sevastopol. He did not give rest to his lightest prince, encouraging him in his letters and expressing regret that he could not be personally with the troops, instructing him to thank the soldiers and sailors on his behalf. To show at least some semblance of active hostilities, Alexander Sergeevich decided to attack the Allied camp at Balaklava.

Crimean War: The Battle of Balaclava
Photo by Roger Fenton. British warship at the pier in Balaklava Bay. Xnumx


Photo by Roger Fenton. British and Turkish military camp in the valley near Balaklava.1855


It should be noted that a small Greek village with a population of several hundred in September 1854 turned into a bustling city. The entire coast was littered with cores, planks and various equipment delivered here from England. The British built a railroad, an embankment, a camp and many warehouses here, built a water supply system and several artesian wells. There were many military courts in the bay, as well as several yachts of members of the high command, in particular, the Drayyad light cavalry commander James Cardigan. To protect the town on low mounds nearby, in the middle of September, the Allies staged four redoubts. Three of them were armed with artillery. These redoubts covered the line of Chorgun-Balaklava, and in each of them sat about two hundred and fifty Turkish soldiers. The British correctly calculated that the Turks know how to sit behind the fortifications much better than to fight in the open field. By the way, the unfortunate soldiers of Omer Pasha did the dirtiest and hardest work in the Allied army. They were fed very poorly, they were not allowed to communicate with other soldiers and residents, they were beaten for mortal offenses. Turned into advanced fighters, they were planted on redoubts in order to defend the English camp with their breasts. The forces of the British in this place consisted of two cavalry brigades: the heavy cavalry of General James Scarlett and the light cavalry of Major General Cardigan. The overall command of the cavalry was carried out by Major General George Bingham, aka Lord Lucan, a mediocre commander who was not particularly popular with his subordinates. Scarlett's forces were located south of the redoubts, closer to the city, and the Cardigan's troops to the north, closer to the Fedyukhin Mountains. It should be noted that members of the largest aristocratic families of England served in the light cavalry, which was an elite branch of the armed forces. All the expeditionary force of the British was commanded by Lord Raglan. French units also took part in the future battle, but their role was insignificant.



23 October near the village of Black River on Chorgun under General Pavel Petrovich Liprandi, served as deputy Menshikov was collected Chorgunsky detachment of about sixteen thousand people, including soldiers and Kiev Ingrian hussars, Don and Ural Cossacks, and the Dnieper Odessa infantry regiments. The purpose of the detachment was the destruction of the Turkish redoubts, access to Balaclava and shelling of enemy ships in the port. To support the Liprandi troops on Feduhyni heights, a special detachment of Major-General Iosif Petrovich Zhabokrit, numbering five thousand men and with fourteen guns, was to be advanced.

The battle of Balaclava began at six in the morning. Speaking from the village of Chorgun, the Russian troops, breaking up into three columns, moved to the redoubts. The central column stormed the first, second and third, the right attacked the fourth redoubt that stood aside, and the left occupied the village of Kamara on the enemy’s right flank. The Turks, who were quietly sitting for several weeks, only to the last moment saw to their horror how the Russians rushed after the shelling. Captured by surprise, they did not have time to leave the first redoubt, a battle ensued, in which about two-thirds of Turkish nationals were killed. At seven o'clock the Russian soldiers, having seized three guns, captured the first fortification.

Of the rest of the redoubts, the Turks left with the utmost speed, pursued by their Russian cavalrymen. Among other things, in the other fortifications, eight guns were thrown, a lot of gunpowder, tents and trench tools. The fourth redoubt was immediately dug down, and all the guns in it were riveted and thrown down from the mountain.

Curiously, but the surviving Turks near the city walls also got from the British. One British officer recalled it like this: “The Turks didn’t end their troubles here, we accepted them with the point of the bayonet and did not allow them to enter, seeing how cowardly they had led themselves.”


Lieutenant-General Pavel Petrovich Liprandi.
The commander of the Russian detachment in the battle of Balaclava


At the beginning of the ninth Liprandi mastered Balaklava heights, but this was only the beginning. After half an hour break, Pavel Petrovich sent all his cavalry into the valley. Behind the captured redoubts was the second row of fortifications of the allies, and behind them stood the brigades of light and heavy cavalry of the British, who had already been set in motion. The French general Pierre Bosquet also sent the Vinouille brigade to the valley, and behind it the African rangers d'Alonville. Separately from the cavalry, the ninety-third Scottish regiment commanded by Colin Campbell acted. At first this regiment unsuccessfully tried to stop the fleeing Turks, and then, waiting for reinforcements, he stood in front of the village of Kadikovka on the way of the advancing Russian cavalry with an approximate number of two thousand sabers. Russian cavalrymen broke into two groups, one of which (about six hundred riders) rushed to the Scots.

It is known that Campbell told his soldiers: “Guys, there will be no order to retreat. You must die where you stand. ” His adjutant John Scott replied: “Yes. We will do it. ” Realizing that the front of the Russian attack was too wide, the regiment lined up in two lines instead of four. The Scots made three volleys: from eight hundred, five hundred and three hundred fifty yards. Having approached, the horsemen attacked the Highlanders, but the Scots did not flinch, forcing the Russian cavalry to withdraw.

Reflection of cavalry attack infantry regiment of the Highlanders in the Balaklava battle was called "The Thin Red Line" in accordance with the color of the Scots uniforms. Initially, this expression was invented by the Times journalist, who in the article compared the ninety-third regiment with a “thin red stripe of bristling steel”. Over time, the expression “Thin Red Line” turned into an artistic image - a symbol of self-sacrifice, resilience and composure in battles. This turnover also denotes the defense of the last forces.


At the same time, the remaining forces of the Russian cavalry under the command of General Ryzhov, who led the entire cavalry of the Chorgun detachment, engaged the heavy cavalry of General Scarlett. It is curious that, noticing in his left flank the slowly moving Russian cavalry, the English general decided to warn the blow and was the first to rush with ten squadrons into the attack. Fifty-year-old James Scarlett, who commanded the brigade, had no experience in military affairs, but successfully used the prompts of his two assistants, Colonel Beatson and Lieutenant Elliot, who were distinguished in India. Russian cavalrymen, who did not expect the attack, were crushed. During the terrible seven-minute felling of hussars and Cossacks with British dragoons, several of our officers were seriously injured; General Khaletsky, in particular, chopped off his left ear.



Cardigan's light cavalry stood still throughout the battle. Fifty-seven-year-old lord before the Crimean War did not participate in any military campaign. Companions offered him to support the dragoon, but James refused outright. A brave warrior and a born rider, he considered himself humiliated from the very moment he acted under the command of Lord Lucan.


Seeing that from all sides more and more new units of the allies were rushing to the place of the fight, Lieutenant-General Ryzhov gave a signal to depart. Russian regiments rushed into the Chorgun gorge, and the British pursued them. The six-armed horse battery, which came to the rescue of dragoons, opened fire with a canister in the backs of the hussars and Cossacks, causing them significant damage. However, the Russian artillery did not remain in debt. Retreating, Ryzhov's troops seemed to have casually passed between two redoubts captured in the morning (the second and third), dragging the British along with them. When the column of dragoons Scarlett drew level with fortifications, guns rang right and left. Having lost a few dozen people killed and wounded, the British rushed back. At about the same time (ten o'clock in the morning) the troops of Joseph Zhabokritsky arrived on the Fedyukh heights arrived on the battlefield.

Both sides used the calm to regroup their forces and think about their future situation. It seemed that the Balaklava battle could have been completed, but the successful attack of the dragoons Scarlett led Lord Raglan to repeat this maneuver in order to retake the tools captured by the Russians in the redoubts. Nearby Francois Canrober noted: “Why go for them? Let the Russians come at us, because we are in an excellent position, so we will not get under way from here. ” If the position of the French commander-in-chief were still held by Saint-Arnaud, then perhaps Lord Raglan would have listened to the advice. However, Marshal Canrober did not have the character or authority of St. Arnaud. Since the first and fourth British infantry divisions were still quite far away, the British commander-in-chief ordered cavalry to attack our positions. To this end, he sent the following order to Lukan: “Cavalry go ahead and use any chance to take the high places. The infantry will advance in two columns and support it. ” However, the cavalry commander misinterpreted the prescription and, instead of immediately attacking the Russians with all his might, he limited himself to shifting the light brigade a short distance to the left, leaving the dragoon in place. The riders stopped waiting for the infantry, which, according to their commander, "had not yet arrived." Thus, the most opportune moment for the attack was missed.



Fitzroy Raglan waited patiently for his order. However, as time passed, Lucan’s cavalry stood still. The Russians at that time slowly began to take away the captured guns, no new attacks from their side were expected. Not understanding what caused the inactivity of the commander of the cavalry, Raglan decided to send him another order. General Airy, the former chief of staff of the British army, wrote under his dictation the following directive: “The cavalry must quickly move forward and not allow the enemy to take away the guns. Horse artillery can accompany it. On the left flank you have French cavalry. Immediately". The order ended with the word “immediate”. The paper was presented to Lord Lucan by Captain Lewis Edward Nolan.

It should be noted that by that time the Russian troops had settled in a “deep horseshoe”. The troops of Liprandi occupied the hills from the third redoubt to the village of Kamara, the Zhabokritsky-Fedyukhin detachment, and in the valley between them were Ryzhov's cavalry, retreating for a rather large distance. For communication between the detachments, the Combined Uhlan regiment (stationed at the Simferopol road) and the Don battery (located at Fedyukhiny heights) were used. Lord Lucan, who finally realized the true order, asked Nolan how he imagines this operation, since the British cavalry, going deeper between the ends of the horseshoe, would fall under the crossfire of Russian batteries and would inevitably perish. However, the captain only confirmed what he was told to convey. Much later, there was information that, handing the order to Nolan, Raglan added verbally: "If possible." Under oath, Lord Lucan testified that the captain did not convey these words to him. It was impossible to question the English officer himself, by that time he had already died.

Commander of the British Cavalry, General George Lucan


Thus, the commander of the entire British cavalry found himself in a difficult situation: he clearly understood the insanity of the undertaking and at the same time held a piece of paper in his hands with a clear order from the commander in chief. "Orders must be carried out," - obviously, with such thoughts, George Bingham headed with his headquarters to Cardigan's light cavalry. Transferring the contents of the note, he ordered him to attack. "Yes, sir," replied Cardigan coldly, "but let me say that the Russians have gunners and batteries on either side of the valley." “I know that,” answered Lucan, “but so does Lord Raglan want it. We do not choose, but we execute. ” Cardigan saluted the lord and turned to his light brigade. At that moment there were six hundred and seventy-three people in it. There was a sound of a trumpet and in 11: 20 the cavalry moved in steps. Soon the cavalrymen went to trot. These were the best parts, striking the magnificence and beauty of the equestrian composition. The English cavalry moved in three lines, occupying a fifth of the valley width along the front. She needed to overcome only three kilometers. And to the right of them also a heavy brigade led by Lucan himself advanced in three lines.

The British commander-in-chief Fitzroy Raglan, who lost the right hand in the Battle of Waterloo, was never a military general and, according to many historians, was a worthless commander and leader. There is evidence that when the English cavalry rushed at full speed against the Russian troops, Raglan noted with visible pleasure the magnificent spectacle of the slender orders of his elite troops. And only the real military, like Canrober and his staff officers, not knowing about the content of the order, with a delay (by their own admission) began to understand what was happening in front of them.


As soon as our troops saw the movement of the enemy cavalry, the Odessa Chasseur Regiment withdrew to the second redoubt and built up in a square, and the rifle battalions armed with chokes, together with batteries from the Fedyukhins and Balaclava heights, opened crossfire on the British. Grenades and cannonballs flew at the enemy, and as the horsemen approached, the canister went into action. One of the grenades exploded next to Captain Nolan, riddling the Englishman’s chest and killing him completely. However, the Cardigan riders continued to attack, moving under a hail of shells at a gallop, breaking their line. Got from Russian artillerymen and heavy cavalry. Lord Lucan was wounded in the leg, his nephew and adjutant captain Charteris were killed. Finally, unable to withstand a strong fire, the commander of the entire cavalry stopped Scarlett’s brigade, ordering it to retreat to its original positions.

Robert Gibbs. Thin red line (1881). Scottish National War Museum in Edinburgh Castle


After that, the Cardigan's cavalry became the main target of the firing of Russian archers and gunners. By that time, they had already reached the Russian heavy Don battery of six guns located across the valley. The riders, who were going around the battalions of the Odessa Chasseur Regiment, were greeted with shots from there, and then the battery gave a final volley with a shotgun at close range, but was unable to stop the British. On the battery began a short and brutal battle. As a cover, forty hundred soldiers from the first Ural Cossack regiment were standing behind her, forty feet away, who had not yet taken part in the battle and had not suffered casualties. And behind them, at a distance of forty meters, two regiments of hussars were lined up in two lines, commanded by Colonel Voynilovich after being injured by Khaletsky.

Photo by Roger Fenton. Chorgunsky (Taurus) Bridge (1855)


The lans of the seventeenth regiment broke through the battery defense and attacked the Cossacks. A cloud of dust and smoke hid the true forces of the attackers from them, and suddenly the Urals, seeing the departing lancers, panicked and began to retreat, crushing the hussar regiments. Only a few groups of soldiers who remained steadfast rushed to the rescue of the artillerymen. Among them was Colonel Voinilovich, who, having rallied several privates around him, rushed at the British. In a fight, he was hit by two shots to the chest. Hussars and Cossacks, who mixed into the crowd, along with a light horse battery and the remnants of the personnel of the temporarily captured Don Battery retreated to Chorgun Bridge, luring the enemy behind them. When the enemy's cavalry was already near the bridge, General Liprandi, who foresaw such a development, struck the final blow. Six squadrons of the Combined Ulan regiment, standing near the second and third redoubts, attacked the British. At the same time, Russian artillery again opened fire, from which the enemy cavalry suffered significant damage, and our riders also fell. By this time, the hussars regrouped, the Cossacks of the fifty-third Don regiment arrived.

Richard Woodville. Attack light brigade. (1855)


The Russian lancers pursued the Cardigan Brigade to the fourth redoubt and, undoubtedly, would have exterminated everyone to the last man if it were not for the help that came up. The French, led by Francois Canrober, fully understood what happens only when, after an artillery bombardment, Russian cavalry, along with infantry, rushed to finish off the British. One of the best French generals, Pierre Bosquet, shouted in outrage at the British staff: “This is not a war! This is madness!". Canrober’s order to rescue what was left of the English light cavalry thundered deafeningly. The glorified fourth regiment of the African horse rangers of General d'Alonville rushed first to the rescue of Cardigan. They were confronted by the Plastunian battalion of the Black Sea Cossacks. The pedestrian Cossacks, the scouts, acted in loose ranks. Dodging the blow of a saber, they fell flat on the ground as the French horsemen approached, and when the cavalry flew past, they got up and shot in the back. Now the French side has suffered significant losses. At that time, a light brigade of Englishmen on wounded, tired horses, showered with bullets and canister, scattered on single riders and small groups, slowly went up the valley. Their persecution by the Russians was not active, although it was later called the “hare hunt”. In total, the tragic attack of the British lasted twenty minutes. The battlefield was littered with the corpses of people and horses; more than three hundred British brigade men were killed or maimed. Only in their positions did the remnants of the once glorious English regiments again see the brigade commander, about whom they had not known anything since the start of the battle on the Russian battery.

The further battle was limited to a shootout of Allied forces who occupied the fourth redoubt, with the nearest Odessa battalions. At four o'clock in the evening the cannonade stopped, and the battle was over. The commanders-in-chief of the allied forces decided to leave in the hands of the Russians all the trophies and fortifications, concentrating the troops at Balaklava. General Liprandi, satisfied with the progress achieved, placed the troops: in the village of Kamara, at the bridge on the Black River, in the first, second, third redoubts and near them. Zhabokritsky detachment was still standing on the Fedyukhiny mountains, and the cavalry settled in the valley.

On the fiftieth anniversary of the Sevastopol defense in 1904, along the road Sevastopol-Yalta, where the fourth Turkish redoubt was located, a monument was erected to the heroes of the Balaklava battle. The project was developed by Lieutenant Colonel Yerantsev, and the architect Permyakov made some changes to it. During the Great Patriotic Monument was destroyed and only in the 2004 year, military builders, by the project of the architect Schaeffer, restored the monument.


Paul Filippoto. Attack of the Light Brigade led by General Allonville


The battle of Balaclava left a double impression. On the one hand, it was not in the slightest degree a victory for the Allies, on the other hand it was not a final victory of the Russian army. Mastering the city - the base of the British - would put the allied forces in an almost stalemate. Many of the British commanders later admitted that the loss of Balaclava would have forced the Allied forces to leave Sevastopol, having radically changed the entire Crimean War. In tactical terms, the battle of Balaclava was successful: Russian troops captured the heights around the city and several guns, the enemy suffered significant damage and constrained his circle of action, limiting himself to the direct cover of the city. However, the taking of redoubts and the extermination of the English cavalry did not bring any significant strategic consequences. On the contrary, the battle showed the allies their weakest place, forcing them to take measures to repel a new strike. Our command also did not support the courage of the Russian soldiers, displaying astonishing indecision. After some time, the captured redoubts were abandoned, almost reducing to nothing the results of the battle.

Figure Roger Fenton. Attack of the Light Cavalry Brigade, 25 in October 1854, under the command of General Cardigan Major (1855)


The only positive factor was that after the news of the Battle of Balaclava, both in Sevastopol and in our entire army, there was an extraordinary rise in fighting spirit. The stories about the trophies taken and the dead English cavalry, exactly as stories about the extraordinary courage with which the Russian soldiers fought, passed from mouth to mouth. Here is what Liprandi wrote about the behavior of his troops after the battle: “The detachments, understanding their high purpose of defending their homeland, were eager to fight the enemy. The whole battle is one heroic deed, and it is very difficult to give anyone an advantage over the others. ”

The Cossacks involved in the rout of the English cavalry caught horses after the battle, in their own words, “crazy cavalry” and sold expensive trotters at a price of fifteen to twenty rubles (while the true value of horses was estimated at three hundred to four hundred rubles).


The British, on the contrary, after the battle had a painful sense of defeat and loss. There was talk of military ignorance and lack of talent of the high command, which led to completely senseless losses. In one English brochure of the Crimean War period it is written: “Balaclava” - this word will be recorded in the annals of England and France, as a place memorable by acts of heroism and the misfortune that occurred there, unsurpassed until then in history. ” October 25 1854 year will forever remain a mourning date in the history of England. Only twelve days later a message about the fatal event sent by the famous hater of Russia Lord Radcliffe arrived from Constantinople to London. Light cavalry, which had fallen under Balaclava, consisted of representatives of the English aristocracy. The impression from this news in the capital of Great Britain was overwhelming. Up to the 1914 war, pilgrims traveled from there to inspect the "valley of death", where the color of their nation died. Dozens of books and poems were written about the disastrous attack, a lot of films were shot, and the researchers of the past are still arguing over who is really to blame for the death of English aristocrats.

Photo by Roger Fenton. Council at the headquarters of Raglan
(the general sits to the left in a white hat and without his right hand) (1855)


By the way, according to the results of the incident, a special commission was created. Commander Fitzroy Raglan tried to put all the blame on Lucan and Cardigan, telling them at the meetings: “You killed the brigade” (Lucan) and “How could you attack the battery against all military rules from the front?” (Cardigan). The commander-in-chief created a whole accusation against George Bingham, who, in his opinion, had missed a convenient moment. The press and the government supported Raglan, so as not to undermine the prestige of the high command. Under pressure from the public who rebelled against the cavalry generals, Lucan asked for a more thorough investigation of his actions in the battle, and Cardigan started a lengthy lawsuit against Lieutenant Colonel Calthorpe, who claimed that the light brigade commander had escaped from the field before his subordinates skimmed to Russian guns.

According to the order of the Russian emperor, it was decided to perpetuate the memory of all the troops who took part in the defense of Sevastopol from 1854 to 1855. Under the leadership of a member of the State Council, Peter Fedorovich Rerberg, a lot of materials were collected on wounded and dead Russian soldiers in key battles on Alma, in Inkerman, on the Black River and near Balaklava. In the materials presented to the sovereign, Pyotr Fyodorovich mentioned four officers who died in the battle of Balaclava:

• Dzhebko Yakov Anufrievich, captain of the Dnieper Infantry Regiment, who was killed by a nucleus in the head during the capture of the village of Kamara;

• the captain of the hussar Saxe-Weimar (Ingermanladsky) Khitrovo regiment of Semyon Vasilyevich, who was seriously injured during a fight with the dragoons of Scarlett, who was captured and died in it;

• the cornet of the hussar Saxe-Weimar regiment of Konstantin Vasilyevich Gorelov, killed by a canister during the regiment's retreat after a fight with the cavalrymen of Scarlett;

• Colonel of the hussar regiment of Voinilovich Joseph Ferdinandovich, who was assassinated during the attack of the English light brigade on the Don battery.


According to the British command, the losses of the light brigade amounted to more than a hundred killed (including nine officers), a hundred and fifty wounded (of which eleven were officers) and about sixty prisoners (including two officers). Many of the crippled people later died. More than three hundred and fifty horses were also lost. The total damage done on that day to the allies was about nine hundred. According to later estimates, the losses reached thousands of servicemen, and some historians even claim that one and a half thousand soldiers died. The losses of the Russian troops amounted to six hundred and twenty-seven people, of whom two hundred and fifty-seven were among the hussars most heavily affected by the English cavalry. In February, Winston Churchill visited 1945 after the Yalta Conference. In battle, one of his ancestors from the Marlboro clan died. And in the 2001 year, Prince Michael of Kent's brother of the Queen of Great Britain visited a memorable place.

Monument to the fallen British in the Balaklava Valley


Information sources:
http://militera.lib.ru/h/tarle3/17.html
http://kazantip.zzx.su/war.htm
http://history.scps.ru/crimea/bogdan23.htm
http://grafskaya.com/?p=5433




















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  1. patriot2
    patriot2 25 October 2013 08: 40
    15
    Great historical essay with photos. Crimean land - a tidbit for Turks, British and French was and is.
    Glory to the Russian soldier who conquered Crimea for Russia!
    1. Dmitry 2246
      Dmitry 2246 25 October 2013 12: 12
      +4
      The offensive operation of the Russians sobered up many British and possibly reduced the scale of aggression.
      Glory to the defenders of the Crimea!
  2. Analyst
    Analyst 25 October 2013 09: 19
    +8
    Great job.
    THANKS.
    1. iva12936
      iva12936 28 October 2013 15: 28
      0
      I totally agree, great !!!
  3. 10kAzAk01
    10kAzAk01 25 October 2013 09: 19
    14
    ... it is a pity that he is no longer in Russia ... my grandfather died on the southern coast of Sevash during the Second World War
    1. Walker1975
      Walker1975 25 October 2013 22: 32
      0
      You have a plus for your grandfather. It’s good that Crimea is in Ukraine. My grandfather, among other awards, received medals for the defense of Sevastopol, Odessa and the Caucasus. During the Second World War, he was chief of service, and left the fleet as a lieutenant commander.
  4. ruslan207
    ruslan207 25 October 2013 09: 23
    14
    Learn how much the pound famously, it's not with unarmed natives in Africa to fight
    1. Walker1975
      Walker1975 25 October 2013 22: 34
      +1
      Soldiers always suffer if they are on command, but they don’t have the courage either — to the Scottish riflemen, that of light cavalry, which attacked under crossfire and still drove the hussar.
  5. 225chay
    225chay 25 October 2013 09: 40
    +7
    Interesting essay! +++
  6. Nagaibak
    Nagaibak 25 October 2013 09: 56
    +6
    The British still sprinkle ash on their heads. They well remember how they got then. Relish, worry. Reproduce certain moments of the battle, conduct research. We don’t really remember this fight. Ordinary event in another of the wars. Maybe in vain they do not remember us? After all, the Angles are not bad piled! Hmm ... Well this is not blacks to water from machine guns!
    1. Pilat2009
      Pilat2009 25 October 2013 18: 33
      +1
      Quote: Nagaibak
      After all, the Angles are not bad piled!

      Heaped up because Id commanded .. they are in any nation when not those who are worthy command, but those whom they put on
      1. Astrey
        Astrey 26 October 2013 13: 38
        +1
        At that time, Russia fought on five fronts, and only Krymsky did not bring a tangible victory.

        The Russian commanders commanded normally. At that time they did not have any strategic tasks, so the government "hesitated along with the general line". After all, a major defeat for the British would have led to the First World War back in the XNUMXth century. But in this case Russia found itself completely without allies. So they stood on ceremony with the Angles.
        1. Trapperxnumx
          Trapperxnumx 28 October 2013 09: 57
          0
          Quote: Astrey
          After all, a major defeat of the British would lead to the First World War in the 19th century. But in this case Russia was completely without allies. So the ceremony with the Angles.

          An interesting interpretation. And from what does this conclusion follow? And what could be worse than a war against two superpowers of that time?
    2. illarion
      illarion 28 October 2013 14: 43
      0
      In English, a hat that covers the entire face with slits for the eyes and nose is called a balaclava. So in English there are "inscriptions in Russian"))
  7. Djozz
    Djozz 25 October 2013 10: 07
    +8
    There are piercing poems about the death of Lord Cardigan’s light cavalry, which are still included in the curriculum for English schoolchildren! By the way, I recently downloaded and watched an English film of the 70s dedicated to this event.
    1. Tyumen
      Tyumen 25 October 2013 20: 06
      +1
      The British enjoy the romanticization of tragedies, and the bloodier the better.
      They sing the senseless attack of the Light Brigade caused by an erroneous order,
      and not a word about the more successful attack of the Heavy Brigade.
  8. samoletil18
    samoletil18 25 October 2013 10: 12
    +6
    Thanks to the author and +. Briefly enough, but with the necessary and interesting details. The photos are wonderful.
    The political moments of these events, and the history of betrayal by Europe in Russia, do not need comments.
  9. Robert Jordan
    Robert Jordan 25 October 2013 10: 13
    +8
    The author is Molochina. Well written.
  10. makarov
    makarov 25 October 2013 10: 16
    +6
    The British still remember and grieve for their losses. Based on the fact of the battle, a feature film was shot not so long ago. (Alas, I don’t remember the name) I watched it with pleasure.
    1. Gato
      Gato 25 October 2013 12: 00
      +3
      Quote: makarov
      (I don’t remember the name) I watched it with pleasure.

      Too bad you don't remember. Recently I rummaged on EX.UA, I also wanted to see something on the topic of the Southern War - but without success.
      1. Djozz
        Djozz 25 October 2013 14: 56
        +1
        Go to ru.tracker.org, section Our cinema, subsection History of Russia, and find the film "Attack of Light Cavalry" 1968.
        1. Gato
          Gato 25 October 2013 16: 13
          0
          hi Thank you, I watched this film a few years ago, I will gladly review it again.
      2. berimor
        berimor 27 October 2013 21: 32
        0
        EX.UA has a 193-year American film. It is called "Attack of Light Cavalry" True, the very episode of the Crimean War with this attack is only at the very end of the film.
  11. predator.3
    predator.3 25 October 2013 10: 26
    +8
    Once again I remembered Khrushchev (obscenities)!
    thanks for the article!
  12. Glory333
    Glory333 25 October 2013 10: 28
    +5
    Agha Raglan wrote in the order to attack "immediately" and in words allegedly added "if possible" - an obvious contradiction, 100% lied Raglan did not add anything in words.
  13. Max_Bauder
    Max_Bauder 25 October 2013 10: 41
    +2
    Well done Russian! in the whole of European history, only the French and Russians were able to win the equal, the rest could beat only the weak.
    1. Gato
      Gato 25 October 2013 11: 20
      14
      Quote: Max_Bauder
      Well done Russian! in the whole of European history, only the French and Russians were able to win the equal, the rest could beat only the weak.

      A curious generalization.
      Presumably, the Germans, Swedes, Norwegians, Serbs, Greeks, Swiss, Spaniards fought exclusively superior forces and only with the Papuans?
      Colleague, look through (at least diagonally) a history book hi
      1. smile
        smile 25 October 2013 16: 13
        +2
        Gato
        Yes, and the Turks, we must pay tribute to them, were not at all whipping boys - they did not buy a huge Empire in the store. :)))
        1. Gato
          Gato 25 October 2013 17: 21
          +3
          Quote: smile
          Yes, and the Turks, we must pay tribute to them

          Of course, I did not include them in the list, because felt that they were not entirely Europeans, although they had even been noted in European history))
  14. igordok
    igordok 25 October 2013 11: 56
    +5
    In the United Kingdom, after this battle, the stable phrase "attack of the light cavalry (brigade)" - The Charge of the Light Brigade appeared. Designating a senseless heroic death. The Turks naturally became the scapegoats.
    Thanks so much for such an illustrated article.
    1. nov_tech.vrn
      nov_tech.vrn 25 October 2013 13: 47
      +4
      there is a small addition, the range of the small arms that was in service with the coalition was 2-2,5 times greater than the range of the Russian, which led to unjustified losses and significantly reduced the combat capabilities of the Russian troops, especially in defense.
    2. Landwarrior
      Landwarrior 25 October 2013 15: 12
      +2
      Count Leo Tolstoy, who was at that time, EMNIP, lieutenant, wrote that the Russians were crying, shooting at the British cavalry. And they jumped more slowly and slowly uphill ... hi
  15. Thepawlik
    Thepawlik 25 October 2013 12: 03
    10
    I can not add: Iron Maiden -The Trooper, it is about this event that tells!
    The article is really excellent, I have not seen such old photographs for a long time. Thanks to the author!
    1. smile
      smile 25 October 2013 16: 16
      +2
      Thepawlik
      I am amazed at the quality of the photos of that time. ... Yes, and, by and large, their very presence :))) To lurk at that time with such bulky apparatus, military reporters of that time, you will not envy. :)))
      1. Gato
        Gato 25 October 2013 18: 01
        +1
        Quote: smile
        I am amazed at the quality of the photos of that time

        Here, 100% digital processing of scans took place. But availability itself is yes! I have several family photos of 1914, so they are in terrible condition, because photo materials of those years are not very stable and decompose over time. And here daggerotypes of the middle of the 19th century!
        1. smile
          smile 25 October 2013 18: 34
          +1
          Gato
          Mine also has family photos of the year 12-13 (pre-war). The quality is amazingly good. Pictures are opaque. sharpness, contrast are amazing. Not the slightest trace of retouching, made on a strange paper - cardboard, some kind. Photos are only slightly yellower than steel. but in general I’m not special, I won’t argue.
  16. saygon66
    saygon66 25 October 2013 12: 12
    +8
    - Oddly enough, in the British army, until now, in the regiment of the Scottish Gray Dragoons, who also participated in the Attack of the Light Cavalry, the hymn “God Save the Tsar!” Is being sung. The chief of this regiment was Emperor Nicholas I, whose portrait is on display in the regimental museum ... True to tradition, however ...
    1. Dimych
      Dimych 25 October 2013 14: 39
      +1
      And where does Nicholas 2?
      1. smile
        smile 25 October 2013 16: 28
        +2
        Dimych
        And our Nikolashka 2 is their close relative, like two drops of water similar to his cousin. The Windsor, who became the Windsor for political reasons in 17, are actually purebred Germans - the Hanoverian dynasty, well, or the Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, in whose veins at that time there was not a drop of English blood flowing - still less than that of the Romanovs - Russian . As early as the 18th century, some English kings did not speak English.
        1. Djozz
          Djozz 25 October 2013 16: 53
          +1
          And half of the reigning houses of Europe were infected with hemophilia and madness.
          1. smile
            smile 25 October 2013 17: 37
            +1
            Djozz
            Yeah, that Adams family. :)))
    2. vahatak
      vahatak 25 October 2013 15: 22
      +1
      I hope this is not the portrait that is exhibited in the museum of the regiment or you have not completed one number in the king’s name.
      1. saygon66
        saygon66 25 October 2013 18: 45
        +1
        - GUILTY! In a hurry ... The point, in general, is not in the personality of the Emperor ... In many armies of the world, and in the Russian Imperial Army too, there was a tradition of the so-called. "patronage", when representatives of the ruling dynasties became "Chiefs" of any military units ... Nikolai Alexandrovich Romanov was the "chief" of the Scottish Grays until his death ... In memory of this, the regimental badge of the Scottish Dragoons is worn on a black lining .. It is believed that the white bear cap of the regimental timpani was sewn from the skin of a polar bear donated by the Emperor to the sponsored regiment.
        1. vahatak
          vahatak 25 October 2013 20: 05
          0
          Yes, it was a good tradition.
  17. Yarik
    Yarik 25 October 2013 13: 09
    +1
    Alexander Sergeyevich Menshikov, wasn’t he a descendant of Alexander Danilovich, the hero of the battles at Lesnaya and Poltava? This time the last one in the coffin should have turned over from swagger, lack of initiative and other vices of the descendant. Contemporaries from the positive qualities of the prince distinguished only the encyclopedic knowledge. supervised ...
    1. predator.3
      predator.3 25 October 2013 17: 24
      +1
      Quote: Yarik
      Alexander Sergeyevich Menshikov, wasn’t he a descendant of Alexander Danilovich, the hero of the battles at Lesnaya and Poltava? This time the last one in the coffin should have turned over from swagger, lack of initiative and other vices of the descendant. Contemporaries from the positive qualities of the prince distinguished only the encyclopedic knowledge. supervised ...


      if I’m not mistaken, I have to great-grandson Danilych.
    2. Tver
      Tver 25 October 2013 20: 10
      0
      Alexander Sergeyevich Menshikov, is it not an hour the descendant of Alexander Danilovich, the hero of the battles at Lesnaya and Poltava That same, that is - yes, a descendant
  18. Trapperxnumx
    Trapperxnumx 25 October 2013 13: 43
    +1
    Good fight. It’s a pity that they didn’t take Balaclava, or at least didn’t bombard her with cannons, destroying army property.
  19. makarov
    makarov 25 October 2013 14: 59
    +2
    Quote: nov_tech.vrn
    there is a small addition, the range of the small arms fired by the coalition in service was 2-2,5 times greater, the range of the Russian,

    And this is a different story that requires a separate review, since the topic is not simple. Because of her (theme), a protest critical story "Levsha" was even written.
    1. Tyumen
      Tyumen 25 October 2013 15: 28
      +2
      Yes Leskov all our defeat in the Eastern War led to the fact that we have rifles with a brick
      cleaned, but to the thieves-quartermasters.
  20. Max_Bauder
    Max_Bauder 25 October 2013 15: 28
    0
    Quote: Gato
    A curious generalization. Presumably, the Germans, Swedes, Norwegians, Serbs, Greeks, Swiss, Spaniards fought exclusively superior forces and only with the Papuans? Colleague, look through (at least diagonally) a history textbook


    Sir! Give an example for yourself? battle where would the Europeans whom you listed win in the minority and having poor armament than the enemy?
    no matter how many flipping through such examples I have not seen, there is always some advantage. Enlighten.
    1. revnagan
      revnagan 25 October 2013 16: 30
      +3
      Quote: Max_Bauder
      battle where would the Europeans whom you listed win in the minority and having poor armament than the enemy?

      Sorry to interfere, but ... the answer is obvious. The confrontation between Nazi Germany and France. The balance of power is clearly not in Germany's favor. The quality of technology is also. France kicked off exactly from May 10 to June 22, 1940. The Angles washed off to the islands. And this is just so, offhand.
    2. Gato
      Gato 25 October 2013 16: 58
      +4
      Quote: Max_Bauder
      Give an example for yourself? battle where would the Europeans whom you listed win in the minority and having poor armament than the enemy?

      Please, sir:
      - Germans - the beginning of WW2, the defeat of France, Holland, Belgium and the English EC (neither numerical nor serious technical superiority (insignificant in aviation), advantages in organization, tactics, training and fighting spirit);
      - Greeks - Alexander's campaigns, and indeed the Persian wars. The benefits are the same;
      - the Swedes - the defeat of Poland ("Flood"), and indeed the best army in Europe in the XNUMXth-XNUMXth centuries.
      - Norwegians - in the Catholic prayers of many strong Western European countries, the words: "Deliver us,
      God, from the plague and from the Normans. ”Guess why;
      - Serbs - 2MV, very successfully drove the Italians until the adult Germans came (see above);
      - Swiss - the best mercenaries of Western Europe of the Middle Ages;
      - Spaniards - Reconquista (XV century), then the war in the Spanish Netherlands, when in 1636 Paris nearly fell.
      In short, something like that.

      I haven’t seen any examples, everywhere there is some advantage

      Well, otherwise there would have been no victories.
      But, you see, in the examples cited there can be no talk of beating defenseless savages hi
      1. vahatak
        vahatak 25 October 2013 20: 12
        +2
        I agree with you, the examples are good, but here it is:
        Quote: Gato
        - Serbs - 2MV, very successfully chasing Italians until adult Germans came

        In my opinion, the Greeks beat italics then, but for the Serbs you can give an example of the First Balkan War, and indeed they have always been good fighters.

        P. S. It was possible to recall the battle of Narva, but, I am afraid, they will wreak havoc.
        1. catapractic
          catapractic 26 October 2013 00: 23
          0
          why the first time they bombard us near Narva, we were well piled, taught. Not without reason, Peter 1 himself called the Swedes more than once teachers, thank you taught. They give two not beaten for the beaten.
    3. saygon66
      saygon66 25 October 2013 18: 21
      +3
      - In 1801, in the battle of Alexandria (Egypt), the 28th Infantry (Gloucestershire) Regiment fought with Napoleon's troops. The regiment fought in complete encirclement until the moment the French retreated under the walls of Alexandria. In memory of this, the soldiers and officers of the regiment wear a regimental badge on the headdress both in front and behind (small), as a sign that "the rear was not shown to anyone!" The same regiment fought with the Russians at Alma.
  21. Max_Bauder
    Max_Bauder 25 October 2013 16: 30
    0
    Quote: Max_Bauder
    Quote: Gato An interesting generalization. It must be assumed that the Germans, Swedes, Norwegians, Serbs, Greeks, Swiss, Spaniards fought exclusively superior forces and only with the Papuans? Colleague, look through (at least diagonally) the history textbook Sudar! Give an example for yourself? battle where would the Europeans whom you listed win in the minority and having poor armament than the enemy? no matter how many flipping through such examples I have not seen, there is always some advantage. Enlighten.


    I would like to supplement.

    The Germans (the Prussians, the founders of the entire German nation united the scattered peoples) were completely stupid, although the military was revered in the country since the time of Frederick, Napoleon despised them at all, did not consider the Germans as a warrior, and how, by the way, during the Prussian campaign, these cranks handed over the city Outside the city, almost without a fight, if not for Napoleon’s will and Alexander’s desire, they would have been destroyed as a state. But Bismarck won only due to the fact that the Franco-Prussian and Austro-Prussian Germans were armed with state-loading rifles, that is, due to technology.

    The Swedes, having at that time the most powerful modern army, were able to lose to the Russians who then still wore a beard, almost with bows and squeakers, with a halberd. After Poltava Petra no one heard anything about the Swedes.
    Norway, first walked under the Swedes, then under the Germans, the glorious times of the Vikings ended in 6-7 centuries.

    Serbs and Greeks went all their life under the Turks, ever since Mehmet conquered Constantinople in 1454 and destroyed Byzantium, and before it the Greeks were under the Roman Empire. The glorious times of the Greeks were only during the time of Leonid from Sparta and Macedon.

    The Swiss, the dwarf state of Helvetia, was either under the French all their lives, or under the influence of the Austrians with the Spaniards, under the Habsburg dynasty. An unremarkable country like Piedmont.

    The Spanish conquistadors beat the Papuans of America (Aztecs, Mayans, Incas) nobly, but to expel the dirty feudal Arabs from the Pyrenees is not all the same what to get from the French at Rocroix. And the famous Armada, lost to the miserable pirates of England, who were on the small few boats.

    The British, you yourself know how they are fighting, of which I respect only the Scots and the Northern Irish, only they showed courage and steadfastness, both in this battle in Crimea and during the war with the British for independence.
    1. vahatak
      vahatak 25 October 2013 20: 36
      +3
      I do not count on the success of my arguments, but simply could not resist.
      Quote: Max_Bauder
      The Germans (the Prussians, the founders of the entire German nation, united the disparate peoples) were completely stupid,

      Quote: Max_Bauder
      But Bismarck won only due to the fact that the Franco-Prussian and Austro-Prussian Germans were armed with state-loading rifles, that is, due to technology.

      Well, actually, historians still believed that the Germans were at the forefront of the development of military art, and Bismarck won (in truth, defeated Helmut von Moltke) due to better organization and military reform carried out in advance.

      Quote: Max_Bauder
      The Swedes, having in those days the most powerful modern army, managed to lose to the Russians

      in fact, there was a whole coalition, and the Russians were no longer savages for a long time.
      Quote: Max_Bauder
      Serbs and Greeks went all their life under the Turks

      The Greeks and Serbs were, as it were, older than the Turks, and could not walk under them all their lives. And if you do not like examples from ancient history, remember the First Balkan War and the wars of the Greeks and Serbs for independence from the same Turks. you will find many examples there.
      Quote: Max_Bauder
      The Swiss, the dwarf state of Helvetia, was either under the French all their lives, or under the influence of the Austrians with the Spaniards, under the Habsburg dynasty. An unremarkable country like Piedmont.

      the Swiss sent the Habsburgs back in the early 13th century ... to Vienna and since then no one dares to meddle with them.
      Quote: Max_Bauder
      but to expel the dirty feudal Arabs from the Pyrenees, it is not all the same what to get from the French at Rocroix. And the famous Armada, lost to the miserable pirates of England, who were on the small few boats.

      Have you seen the palaces built by these dirty Arabs at a time when the French did not yet know what a toilet was?
      And the famous Armada is just English propaganda, for 110 Spanish ships fought against 200 English with new powerful guns, but the Spaniards defeated all the same.
      Quote: Max_Bauder
      of which I respect only Scots and North Irish

      It would be funny if you said this phrase to the Scots and Irish, otherwise they do not consider themselves English.
    2. catapractic
      catapractic 26 October 2013 00: 25
      0
      any nation had victories and defeats
  22. Ross
    Ross 25 October 2013 17: 13
    0
    Quote: ruslan207
    Learn how much the pound famously, it's not with unarmed natives in Africa to fight


    It is a pity that not everyone was put, haters of Russia. Maybe then the story would have gone differently, without all these lords England would have been nothing.
  23. Shesternyack
    Shesternyack 25 October 2013 18: 21
    0
    And Menshikov is stupid, smug scum in which there was not a drop of the mind. I read that Nicholas I actively used it in all matters (which Menshikov successfully failed) stupidly because of his name, trying to imitate Peter I.
    1. Glory333
      Glory333 25 October 2013 18: 55
      +2
      I do not agree, according to all accounts, Menshikov was very smart, he waged the war in Crimea very skillfully and efficiently, despite the powerful opposition, Menshikov rendered the greatest possible assistance to the British and French.
      A simple example: the Greek volunteers were given unfit weapons before the assault on Yevpatoria, but what is more interesting, the Greeks received instead of gunpowder - millet (grain).
  24. igordok
    igordok 25 October 2013 19: 16
    0
    Title: The lies and reality of the Eastern War
    Author: V. Joli
    Publisher: SPb .: tip. A. Dmitrieva
    Year: 1855
    The book tells about the mask of patronage that the English and French governments boldly put on themselves, taking on the protection of barbarism, mercantile and dynastic interests. The author of the book penetrated to the very depths of this incredible mystification, which two-faced England deceived the whole of Europe, organizing the Eastern War 1853 — 1856 (Crimean War 1853 — 1856)

    http://mirknig.com/knigi/military_history/1181645263-lozh-i-deystvitelnost-vosto
    chnoy-voyny.html
  25. George
    George 25 October 2013 20: 52
    0
    Thank you for the article.
  26. Eugeniy_369
    Eugeniy_369 25 October 2013 21: 12
    +3
    After this, Cardigan’s cavalry became the main target of the marksman of the Russian shooters and gunners. By that time, they had already reached across the valley of the Russian heavy Don battery of six guns. The horsemen who traveled around the battalions of the Odessa Jaeger Regiment were met with shots from there, and then the battery fired a final volley at the point-blank range, but could not stop the British. A short and fierce battle began on the battery.
    I didn’t understand what , it turns out, "marksmanship" was from the flanks, from the front, but they still galloped? And they also hacked the servants.
    As a cover, forty steps behind her stood six hundred soldiers of the first Ural Cossack Regiment, who had not yet taken part in the battle and had not suffered losses.
    And who is the genius who placed the battery in front of the infantry? really Liprandi? Damn cool cover in forty steps behind fool
    All the benefits of the Battle of Balaklava in time, the Allies suffered the beginning of the assault.
    My opinion, subjective, the whole Sevastopol company is a shame for the command. Thanks to such "commanders" as Menshikov, the enemy was able to take the northern side of Sevastopol. What kind of commander covered six hundred soldiers with an artillery battery? Is he a nerd? How did the troops fight such a command?
    Only thanks to the staunchness, dedication of Russian soldiers and officers, the results of the Sevastopol campaign and the whole war of 1854-55 were not the most sad for Russia.
    Photos pleased and become .... for the education of patriotism in generations will do, but nothing for a specialized site negative .
    1. Anatoli_kz
      Anatoli_kz 25 October 2013 23: 56
      +1
      I didn’t understand something.
      So much pathos - smashed, shot ...
      And the British lost only twice as much as the Russian troops.
      This is how they had to be shot to lose so many of their own?
      Where is the stamina and skill ??
      Maybe rather the mediocrity of the English command, supported by the mediocrity of the Russian?
  27. xan
    xan 25 October 2013 21: 24
    +2
    Ours also fought badly. Denis Davydov read that in every battle there is a moment for a decisive attack with all forces. And Napoleon has an expression like "in a battle you need to be able to throw everything at stake." But the entire military system of Nicholas 1 was built in such a way that it was not real warriors who climbed forward, but dashing court shakuns and comfortable sycophants who were able to report. This affected practically all the Nikolaev and post-Nikolayev wars up to the collapse of tsarism. The only flash of genius is Skobelev. Even such talented warriors as Alekseev and Brusilov considered it inappropriate to intervene, object or cancel the obviously incompetent orders of subordinate leaders, not to mention the orders of the tsar's henchmen and the tsar himself.
    If a Russian warrior such as Ermolov or at least Gurko would command the Russians, the British and the French would remain there, and all the advantage in armament would not help them. This is about the role of the individual in history.
    1. Eugeniy_369
      Eugeniy_369 26 October 2013 04: 16
      +1
      Quote: xan
      If a Russian warrior such as Ermolov or at least Gurko would command the Russians, the British and the French would remain there, and all the advantage in armament would not help them. This is about the role of the individual in history.

      History does not tolerate the subjunctive mood ... Alas and Ah ..
      How many times rereading documentary on the wars waged by Russia, the USSR wants to scream and cry, but why is it that "mediocrity commanders" are fighting battles, battles, battles, wars ... after all, there were, there are other options. No, they chose the most difficult ones (for the personnel, but not for their women). Then comes shit, necessity, strategy, empire, etc. Go explain to your mother somewhere near Saratov, Samara, Kursk. Subordinates were always treated like cattle. They took care of the units of the soldiers, but they did not make the weather.
    2. misterwulf
      misterwulf 26 October 2013 04: 19
      0
      They forgot about Paskevich, who was pickled on the Austrian border. That's who could dump all this shoble you sea, but for some reason did not allow.
  28. misterwulf
    misterwulf 26 October 2013 04: 17
    0
    The Cossacks are young! It is sad (for me personally) in this event one thing. It was a prototype of "new generation wars", radically different from everything that humanity had seen before.
    As a child, he rummaged a lot and found a lot of things. Even English silver money (part sold, part left). Why the hell did they need HERE ????
    However, the "aristocrats". And they have their own cockroaches in their heads.
    And the Cossacks, the eternal glory and soup-respect :)!
    It is a pity that, thanks to the efforts of Menshikov and Korf, everything ended with "anti-respect" and shame, which crossed out the heroism of my City and my fellow countrymen. But they could have unblocked! And more than once!
  29. Jellyfish
    Jellyfish 26 October 2013 06: 12
    +1
    Thank you for the article! Informative and very high quality.
    The only remark is less sympathy for the singing of the invaders, oh, what an honor Churchill visited the grave of his ancestor, let him burn in hell with his ancestors.
  30. Cristall
    Cristall 26 October 2013 23: 59
    0
    The drama of that war was for the British that it was generally unlucky .. That was unlucky in everything
    The initiator of the war was nowhere to win.
    Cracked 4 bastion against the entire English army - could not be taken from 3 assaults. One bastion!
    Losses even in the battle of Almins among the guards!
    The Inkermann massacre ... if it weren’t for Bosque, there would be no English!
    If Menshikov would have entrusted all the military to Liprandi, the Crimean epic would have been different. But Liprandi completed the task by 5!
    British snobbery multiplied by moral traditions and a sense of arrogance - sometimes not even wanting to ask for help from allies --- these are the true culprits of the deaths of many lords and other highly respected families in that ill-fated attack of light cavalry (recently released on Discovery and BBS - Attack of light cavalry ) True, they presented it as a heroic epic feat --- but with such losses and meaningless meaning (in the English style) This is their problem.
    I note that the first global war with a telegraph, electric mines, armadillos, poisonous gases, convenient rocket launchers and photographs .... it is precisely these that we see and behold the heroes of those times.
    It’s a pity, of course, that the heroes of the Odessa regiment (I am proud that Odessa), along with their brothers in arms — Ukrainian, Azov — went to death like this English brigade at the Black River
    In August 1854, the Odessa regiment was appointed to strengthen troops in the Crimea and, arriving on October 20 in Sevastopol, took part in the battle of Balaklava, during which he stormed the Turkish redoubt on March 31, 1855. The Odessa regiment became part of the garrison of Sevastopol and participated in reflection of the June 6 assault. August 4, 1855 the regiment took part in the battle on the river. Black, during which he, wading the river, on the shoulders in the water attacked the bridgehead. Having knocked out an enemy from him, Odesa continued to attack the Fedyukhinsky heights and captured the French battery. During this attack, the regiment lost its brave commander, Colonel Skuderi, almost all the officers and 2/3 of the lower ranks.
    For the exploits in the Crimean War, the regiment was awarded the new St. George banners - in the 1st and 2nd battalions with an additional inscription: “December 25, 1853 at Chetati, August 4, 1855 on the river. Black and for Sevastopol 1854 and 1855 ”, and in the 3rd and 4th battalions with the inscription:“ 3a special differences at the Chetat on December 25, 1853, on the river. Black August 4, 1855 and beyond Sevastopol in 1854 and 1855. "
  31. kukara4an
    kukara4an 27 October 2013 11: 17
    +1
    "Thin red line" sounds beautiful, but they survived only because no one attacked them. And the British banal "threw" the Turks - ours killed them almost all - they had no chance. The calculation was that the British would come to the aid of their allies, and ours and heap them. But the British left the Turks to perish and did not budge. There are written documents about all this stored in the city archive. It just does not correspond to the "official" story (which it is not clear who wrote). The British loved to ascribe to themselves what did not exist. Therefore, we have no monuments to them. The French have it - on the Malakhov Kurgan (the inscription on the monument reads - "To Russian and French soldiers who fell during the assault and defense of Malakhov Kurgan".
  32. bublic82009
    bublic82009 30 October 2013 15: 44
    0
    many houses in the penultimate photograph are still standing. the truth is of course redone beyond recognition.