People who had a hand in the collapse of the Soviet Union did literally everything so that in the mass consciousness Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov became almost an icon of Russian democracy, the most popular moral authority among the public in the USSR and the Russian Federation. An image of a genius martyr who fought against the Soviet totalitarian system was created. However, as the illusions about “democracy”, “freedom” and “market” began to disperse, and tens of millions of people realized that they were simply deceived, depriving security and order, national wealth, free medicine and education, it became obvious that Andrei Sakharov, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize and one of the founders of the hydrogen bomb, was just one of dozens of destroyers of the Soviet Union. We see similar figures even now, when they propose to dismember the Russian Federation already, to take the Arctic, Siberia, Baikal, etc. away from the Russians. Only their scale is much smaller, they are not so popular. In all epochs, such people were considered traitors and enemies of the people. Only in times of turmoil and general collapse, treachery they were called "heroes."
Its popularity is connected with the most powerful propaganda campaign. Both inside the USSR and in the West everything was done to create the image of a genius-scientist, a defender of “universal human values”. In fact, most of the ideas of Academician Sakharov on the arrangement of the country spoke, if not of mental disorder, then of frank betrayal for sure. Initially, Sakharov was neither a human rights activist nor a pacifist. 12 August 1953, the successful tests of a thermonuclear bomb - the latest Soviet weapons terrible destructive power. One of its developers was recently received the degree of doctor of physical and mathematical sciences Andrei Sakharov. And October 23 1953 Sakharov, having passed the level of a corresponding member, was immediately elected a full member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences.
It was then that Sakharov proposed to equip the giant torpedoes with 100-megatons charges developed nuclear submarines 627 project. Thus, thermonuclear charges could be delivered to the shores of the United States. According to the plan of the young scientist, these "super-torpedoes" blown up off the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of America should have caused irreparable damage to the Americans. The explosions of thermonuclear charges could cause huge tsunamis, with a wave height of tens of meters. The "killer waves" were supposed to wash away dozens of cities and settlements, killing hundreds of thousands of civilians. According to Academician Igor Ostretsov, Sakharov painted a picture when a giant wave of the Atlantic side hit New York, Philadelphia, Washington, other waves would cover the west coast in the Charleston, San Francisco and Los Angeles areas, wash away on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico Houston, New Orleans and Pensacola in Florida.
During the design development, the super-torpedo received the T-15 cipher. The Soviet Navy leadership opposed this “cannibalistic” weapon. Rear Admiral PF Fomin, with whom Sakharov was discussing this project, was simply shocked by the “bloodthirstiness” of the project, and said that sailors were used to fighting an armed opponent in an honest, open battle, and “the idea of such mass murder. " The combat admiral knew the full horror of the war, many lives were cut short before his eyes, so he denounced the massacre of innocent people. Cabinet as a scientist, not smelled gunpowder, no doubt was prepared to inflict mass slaughter of any innocent people.
Peter Fomich Fomin, a participant in the Civil and Great Patriotic Wars, since 1949 led the new atomic department (6th division) under the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy. The department solved the tasks of protecting objects fleet from enemy nuclear weapons and the development of atomic weapons for the USSR fleet. Since 1953, the 6th department under the leadership of Fomin participated in the design of the first Soviet atomic submarine. Since 1954, Rear Admiral Fomin exercised general leadership over all work on facility 627.
Originally, the T-15 supertorpedo entered both the draft design (1953 year) and the technical design 627 (1954 year). According to the project, the torpedo was a meter long 23,55, weighed 40 tons and had a caliber 1550 mm. However, the leadership of the USSR Navy continued to resist this project and, in 1955, the submarine technical design was adjusted: the submarine armed 8 with torpedo tubes with 20 torpedoes, their 6 torpedoes had tactical nuclear charges of 15 kilotons. Work on the torpedo T-15 was stopped.
Gradually, the scientist went to the other extreme, and at the end of 1960-ies Sakharov was one of the leaders of the human rights movement in the Soviet Union. Moreover, his movement to world-wide fame was accompanied by a number of disgusting antics, for which he could be safely sentenced as a traitor or an ordinary petty hooligan. So, from the KGB reports about Andrei Sakharov, it is known that in April 1976, the academician and his wife Bonner (second wife from 1972 of the year) committed hooligan actions in the Omsk Regional Court. When the police called them to order, Sakharov, shouting: “Here you are, puppies, from an academician,” struck two police officers and insulted them. Bonner slapped the face of the court commandant, who tried to calm them down. In August, 1976, a couple of “human rights activists” committed malicious hooliganism at the Irkutsk airport. When the airport staff tried to reason with them, they began to insult them, using foul language and threaten them. In October 1977, Sakharov hooligans in the rector of the Moscow Pedagogical Institute named after VI Lenin, insulting officials. In March and May 1978, Sakharov committed hooligan offenses near the building of the Union of Soviet Societies for Friendship and Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries and at the Lyublinsky District People’s Court of Moscow (again he hit a police officer).
The behavior of Sakharov and Bonner are typical for modern radical liberals, “human rights activists” who fight the “regime” by committing various kinds of hooligan actions typical of petty criminals. This is not surprising, given their unstable psyche. Thus, in the same KGB documents, Sakharov’s mental state deteriorates, that the behavior of the “academician” does not fit the generally accepted norms, Sakharov is strongly influenced by others, especially his wife (she was suspected of having links with the CIA). The behavior of the academician is clearly contrary to common sense. Signs of instability in the mental state of Sakharov were traced in the moods of A. Sakharov, subject to abrupt transitions from detachment and isolation to efficiency and sociability. The 26 document of August 1980 noted that, according to major Soviet psychiatrists, Sakharov has profound mental changes, which give reason to consider him "a pathological personality, often found in families with great schizophrenia" (his brother and daughter were registered as sick schizophrenia, and the son was treated for neurasthenia). Many noted megalomania, which is increased in proportion to the efforts of the Western structures for advertising of it as a "world champion of civil rights."
Moreover, Sakharov entered as the real enemy of the people when he began to voice “great plans” for the reorganization of Russia. The essence of all his plans was to destroy the USSR (Great Russia). At the first stage, Sakharov offered to dismember the state into small independent areas, and at the second stage, to put them under the control of the world government. A. Sakharov called this "a political expression of rapprochement with the West." The draft constitution drawn up by Sakharov proposed to declare full independence of all national-territorial republics and autonomous regions of the USSR, including Tatarstan, Bashkiria, Buryatia, Yakutia, Chukotka. Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District. Each republic had to have all the attributes of independence - the financial system (print their money), the armed forces, law enforcement agencies, etc. The remaining part of Russia seemed too large to the academician, so he proposed to divide it also into four parts. In addition, Sakharov proposed to divide the world community into a “clean” part (environmentally friendly, favorable for living), to export all “dirty”, harmful production to other regions. It is clear that the areas of the former USSR should have been the location of the "dirty" industries.
On the whole, this was already enough to send Sakharov to places not so remote. However, he was clearly led, both by Soviet and Western curators. They needed such a person who, having the weight of the “father of the hydrogen bomb” and the “academician,” the Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, could handle the unsophisticated Soviet population in the right direction. The USSR was already approaching death, a significant part of the Soviet elite was working to destroy it, dreaming of a "bourgeois" life with yachts, toilet bowls and striptease. Therefore, people like Sakharov were worth their weight in gold. They broke a great power with their hands.
Brezhnev and other Soviet leaders of that era did not speak about the inevitability of confrontation between the two systems. They preferred not to conflict, but to conduct economic cooperation with the West, falling into the trap of cultural cooperation and exchange of experience. Therefore, nothing threatened the large figures of the dissident movement. Preventive conversations were conducted with them, they chided, watched, restricted movement, nothing more. Although in fairness such people had to be isolated for a long time from the population or even apply the highest measure of social protection. "Persecution" were conditional, but the hype in the media, the world fame of their "domestic suffering" caused envy average Soviet citizens. In fact, such “repressions” only advertised dissidents, increased their price.
An important role in the degradation of Sakharov was played by his second spouse, Elena Georgievna Bonner. The first period of her life was not particularly different from the fate of thousands of other Soviet citizens. Her mother and stepfather fell under the roller of repression. But this did not prevent Bonner from successfully completing school, going to university, and joining the Komsomol. During the war, she was mobilized by a nurse. She was a medical officer of a military train, was seriously wounded and contused. After the war, Bonner entered the medical institute and successfully practiced as a pediatrician. She was awarded the title “Excellence in Public Health of the USSR”. However, at what point did the program crash. Next to Sakharov, Bonner was able to realize her ambitions, to become a world-known human rights defender from an ordinary pediatrician.
In 1975, the time for glory peaked for E. Bonner - she received the Nobel Peace Prize for her husband, as Sakharov was not released from the USSR. The woman, whose “kitchen thoughts” were interesting only to friends and neighbors, turned out to be on top of world fame. Bonner was well aware that the world community was expecting new exposures from the Soviet totalitarian regime from them and was ready to pay for it with fame and certain material joys. Sakharov was less aggressive toward the USSR than his wife, but he does not solve anything in the family, being the typical "henpecked". After the death of Sakharov, Bonner was an enemy of Russia: she welcomed the bloody execution of the Supreme Council in 1993, rejoiced at the successes of Chechen bandit groups during the two Chechen wars, and during the war 2008 supported the Saakashvili regime. Even at the very end of her life's journey, she poured poison on Putin, subscribing to the “Putin Must Leave” appeal to the citizens of Russia. Interestingly, the current Russian government is destroying the Academy of Sciences according to Bonner’s prescription. 22 March 2010, she wrote in a blog on Granyah.ru a note “On the Academy of Sciences”, in which she called for depriving the Russian Academy of Sciences of administrative and economic functions: “The Russian Academy of Sciences ... urgently needs to overclock ... money, houses, sanatoriums, hospitals, etc., etc. - transfer to the national balance. ... And the science of letting go in free swimming at institutes and universities. And this may be her resuscitation. ”
Unfortunately, in modern Russia, the authorities continue to honor "heroes" like Sakharov, Gorbachev and Yeltsin - instead of saying openly and clearly that these are enemies of the people. Russian Federation falls into the same conceptual impasse as the Russian Empire and later the Soviet Union, dooming themselves to defeat in the global confrontation with the West.