Yuri Churbanov was born in the capital of Russia on November 11, 1936 and was the eldest child in a Soviet family with three children. The boy's father was a party worker and headed the Timiryazevsky regional executive committee of Moscow. After graduating from the 706th secondary school, located in the Leningrad region of the capital, at the insistence of his father, the young man entered a vocational school, and then got a job at the Znamya Truda plant as an assembly fitter aviation nodes.
A handsome and intelligent guy immediately became popular in the team, Yury was soon elected secretary of the Komsomol organization of the plant, and then appointed an instructor to the Leningrad Komsomol district committee. At the age of twenty-five, Yuri Churbanov married Tamara Valtseferova, in the marriage with whom he had two children. In parallel with the main work, the young father studied by correspondence at the law faculty of the main university of the country, Moscow State University Lomonosov, who successfully graduated in the 1964-th year. Working as the head of a department of the Komsomol Central Committee from 1964 to 1967, and the subsequent transition to service in the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs took a lot of his time, and therefore his family life was cracked. Even close friends later Yuri Mikhailovich did not like to tell the reasons for the collapse of the first marriage.
In the 1967 year, Churbanov was appointed deputy head of the political department at the Main Directorate of the ITU (correctional labor institutions) of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs. In this capacity, Yuri Mikhailovich worked until the 1971 year. In the same period, he was given the rank of colonel ahead of time. It would seem that everything is going for him as well as possible, except for a ruined marriage. And it was here that the attractive, and most promising daughter of Leonid Ilyich Galina met on his way. It was only he himself who could tell which of the two components attracted the thirty-four-year-old Churbanov in the forty-one daughter of the General Secretary.
The fateful meeting itself took place in the restaurant of the Moscow House of Architects on Shchusev Street (Granatny Lane), where Yuri Churbanov and his friend went to celebrate Old New Year. After some time, in the depths of the hall, he noticed a small company sitting at the same table. He knew well some of them (Igor Schelokov, the son of the Minister of the Interior, as well as his wife Nonnu). Churbanov approached them to greet him and was introduced to the rest of the company. Among them was the daughter of the General Secretary, Galina Leonidovna. After their acquaintance, Brezhnev herself set a date for Yury Mikhailovich.
Just a week later, Galina Leonidovna invited her new fan to her parents' house and introduced the lieutenant colonel to her father. It should be noted that the previous hobbies of the daughter absolutely did not please Brezhnev. She, of course, was not a fantastic beauty, but she was able to effectively present herself and always enjoyed success with young people. However, her extreme windiness and inconstancy were noted. Numerous novels, which did not at all correspond to the image of a respectable offspring of a major sovdepovskiy official, upset the General Secretary very much. Apologizing for his careless daughter, Leonid Ilyich liked to say that with one eye he had to keep an eye on the state, and with the second — Galina, who from time to time suddenly throws him various “surprises”.
She extremely upset her father with her first marriage, having chosen to become the wife of an ordinary circus performer, who was twenty years older than the girl. In addition, in retaliation to Brezhnev, who imposed a ban on her desire to become an actress expressed after school, Galina began working with her newly-made husband in a circus! After her father was almost resigned to his daughter's trick, she began to start new demonstration and tumultuous novels, simply bringing Brezhnev to white heat. When my father found out about Galina’s next marriage, this time with illusionist Igor Kio (which by the way lasted only nine days), he ordered to completely cancel the data on the conclusion of this union, taking away the passport from the couple in love.
And then, finally, when the daughter brought a decent man from the point of view of the Secretary General, a man who had been accomplished in life, Brezhnev was extremely pleased. And therefore, after three months, when she announced her intention to remarry, Leonid Ilyich did not put any obstacles in the way, hoping that her daughter would finally come to her senses and settle down. The magnificent wedding, to which only the closest friends and relatives were invited, was away at the Brezhnev dacha in Zaryadye, and as a wedding gift the main parent presented an apartment to the young on Bolshaya Bronnaya.
Of course, a close relationship with the head of state bore fruit. Career Churbanova began to rapidly unwind, his patron and friend was now Nikolai Shchelokov himself, the head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. First of all, in the 1971 year, “son-in-law number one” was appointed deputy head of the Political Directorate of the Interior Ministry troops, where he worked until 1975. After that, Churbanov became the head of the same department. In the 1974 year, Yuri Mikhailovich was promoted to Major General, and after three years - Lieutenant General. Already in 1977, Shchelokov with the assistance of Brezhnev put Churbanov to the post of his deputy, and in February 1980 of the year Yuri Mikhailovich moved to the post of First Deputy Minister of the Interior.
Strangely enough, but the only problem of Yuri during this period of his life was his wife, who constantly tried to satisfy her vigorous temperament, and also began to abuse alcohol. Their marriage lasted a long nineteen years, but Yuri and Galina did not seem to really become close friends. Many said that if the spouses had common children, everything could have turned differently, but, alas ... All her time, despite the fictitious posts that Galina Leonidovna occupied according to the documents, she devoted a bohemian life among artists and artists, leading a completely careless and non-binding existence. Trying to realize himself according to his strength and abilities at the most responsible positions entrusted to him, Churbanov often had to catch his spouse from his suitors after a working day and bring her to her senses.
During the Olympics in Moscow, Churbanov was awarded the State Prize for his enormous contribution to maintaining order at the Olympic Games, and the following year he became Colonel-General. In addition to his main post, Yury Mikhailovich was also elected to the Supreme Council, a candidate member of the Central Committee and a member of the Central Audit Commission of the Communist Party. It can be said that he reached the heights of the political Olympus, but the problem was that his ascent coincided with the decline of the Land of the Soviets as a whole. The Brezhnev era that lasted for many years was coming to an end. In those years, against the background of the absence of unemployment, the workers of most enterprises simply sat out their working day, and in Soviet stores the counters looked like refrigerators with the notorious mouse, despite the fact that the collective farms and state farms reported new achievements and overfulfilment of all their plans. The Union republics reported on the volume of crops, which simply could not be, but no one paid attention to such trifles, because the awards and titles were distributed right and left. The state and party elites stood out against the general “gray” background, which was ensured by special distributors of goods and products. Churbanov, who traveled in a Mercedes car with several numbers in the trunk, got a significant piece of the pie. As Galina Leonidovna later told the investigation, Erich Honecker (a long-time leader of the GDR) presented this car to the General Secretary, and the friend gave him to his beloved son-in-law.
Life for Yuri Mikhailovich changed dramatically after 10 in November of 1982, when the “dear” Leonid Ilyich died, and Yuri Andropov, who came to power, decided to initiate a series of indicative “anti-corruption cases”. What was interesting was that the defendants in these cases were mostly from the entourage of the former Secretary-General. In addition, the immediate superior of Churbanov Shchelokov was a longtime opponent of the new “lord” of the state.
Five days after the death of Brezhnev, Andropov summoned Yuri Mikhailovich to himself and unequivocally let him know that he would not repair the massacre of him and his family. The head of Churbanov, who, after being removed from his ministerial post (two days after Leonid Ilyich’s death) and depriving of all awards, was less fortunate, could not withstand the psychological pressure and committed suicide by shooting himself on a 13 December hunting rifle. Churbanov was initially only demoted, but this situation did not last long. In March, 1984, along with the newly-made General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev, came another wave of changes and purges. A few months later, Yuri Mikhailovich was removed from his post as First Deputy Minister and appointed to a much less prestigious position as deputy head of the Main Directorate of the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Less than a year later, Churbanov was dismissed, stating that she was dismissed “for seniority”. Almost at the same time, the son-in-law of the former General Secretary was followed by surveillance, and on January 1985 of 14 of the year he was arrested as a defendant in the Uzbek case.
“Cotton” or “Uzbek case” called a whole series of criminal cases about large-scale corruption and economic crimes in the Uzbek SSR. The investigation was conducted from the end of the 1970s up to the 1989 and caused a large public outcry in the Soviet Union. In total, over eight hundred criminal cases were initiated, in which more than four thousand people were imprisoned for various periods. A number of “high-profile” arrests were made, including, among others, the minister of the cotton-ginning industry of Uzbekistan (capital punishment), the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Republic, secretaries of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan, first secretaries of a number of regional committees. All of them were accused of embezzlement, bribes, postscripts, despite the fact that many were not even associated with the cotton industry. Some persons involved in the case committed suicide.
Churbanov was arrested right in the office of the chief of the investigative unit of the Prosecutor General's Office, German Karakozov. With Yuri Mikhailovich, the Rolex presented by Brezhnev was removed, suspenders and a tie, and the laces were pulled out of the shoes. All the way to the isolator, he had to support the falling trousers with his hands. Being in the Lefortovo chambers, Churbanov wrote complaints. He wrote until his old acquaintance, the KGB chairman Viktor Chebrikov, came to visit him. He said to him: “You after all, Yura, like no one else knows the rules of the game. The decision on the arrest was made by the Politburo, and you know well that the Politburo is not mistaken here. ”
Churbanov was tried to accuse of corruption actions, imputing the guilt of obtaining astronomical sums of money, but most of the episodes in his case could not be proved. The investigators also did not conceal that Yuri was only a bargaining pawn in the game of the new, thirsting for demonstrative changes of the “ruler”. They persuaded him to confess to everything, so that it would not get worse, so that they would not give the highest measure ... Churbanov knew the Soviet system: both judicial and in the field of the execution of sentences. He remembered how, in his time, Khrushchev shot currency traders, despite the fact that the laws are not retroactive. As a result, he recognized only three episodes: receiving as a bribe an Uzbek robe and skullcap with gold embroidery found at his dacha, an expensive coffee service, and ninety thousand rubles worth of money (although the initial amount sounded in the amount of one and a half million).
At the end of the high-profile legal proceedings, which took place from 5 September to 31 December 1988, he was convicted by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court and sentenced to twelve years of imprisonment with confiscation of all property. Also, in accordance with the verdict, Churbanov was deprived of awards (the Order of the Red Banner, the Order of the Red Star and fourteen medals) and his military rank. From “son-in-law number one” he instantly turned into “prisoner number one”. He turned out to be the only major official of the time of the “great stagnation” who went to prison. Churbanov did not have to serve a full term; in 1993, he was released on parole.
From a conversation with a former investigator for particularly important cases under the Prosecutor General Vladimir Kalinichenko: “I remember well that heightened passions around Yuri Churbanov. Karakozov (an investigator for particularly important cases) consulted me: to arrest or not? I said that I consider this to be an erroneous decision - there is less real guilt than political engagement. However, Churbanov was arrested. Initially, it was said about a hundred-odd cases of his criminal activity, mainly bribes. When it was finished, Vyacheslav Mirtov (investigator for particularly important cases) left about ten episodes, the rest, if not proven and not taken place, disappeared. ”
During the imprisonment of Yuri Mikhailovich, and to serve his sentence, he was sent to a colony for former police officers in Nizhny Tagil (where he made aluminum vases for ice cream), Galina Brezhneva, taking advantage of the situation, filed a divorce. In 1990, she even managed to return the property confiscated during the arrest of her husband. Only after his release, Yuri Churbanov learned that Galina had broken up with him, and many of those who allegedly brought bribes to him were justified long ago. On the fifth day after his return, Churbanov arrived at his spouse in his old home. Afterwards, he said: “Neither joy, nor tears, nor kisses, nor emotions, is an ordinary meeting.”
After the camp, Yuri Mikhailovich lived for some time with his sister Svetlana. She put Churbanov on her feet for a whole year. After six years in prison, he began his first serious health problems. In 1994, he married his old friend Lyudmila Kuznetsova, a calm, sincere and intelligent woman who was working at Moscow State University at that time. It is safe to say that, despite the previous unsuccessful marriages, Yuri Mikhailovich did find his own happiness with her.
Many friends turned away from him. Of the remaining comrades was Vladimir Resin, who became the first deputy mayor of Moscow. In 1997, he arranged for Churbanov to be the head of the security service of the monopoly company Rosshtern, which produced almost all of the capital in the capital. And in 1999, he was elected to the post of deputy president of the Spartak hockey club. Journalists did not allow Yuri Mikhailovich to pass, Churbanov often spoke to the press with stories about his test and his boss, and was engaged in writing memoirs about the past epoch. With a bitter smile, Yuri told reporters that he wanted to live to see the time when the authorities figure out his case and return the state awards.
Regarding his conclusion, Yury Churbanov said the following: “See for yourself, I am the husband of the beloved and only daughter of the Secretary General. Power, opportunities, more than enough! I was charged with Uzbek robes, a bundle of linoleum and, most importantly, bribes. I will say this: if I wanted something, it was enough just to say. The next day I had it! And no signatures. Do you think Gorbachev, someone from the leaders of the highest echelon was different? Someone was engaged in household issues himself, some wives, but most were provided by specially trained people. Why do you think the CPSU Central Committee Administration was created? And then everything depended only on the person. Someone lost his head from greed and permissiveness. "
Less fortunate was the fate of Galina Leonidovna. The remains of his father’s condition quickly evaporated, and numerous friends and fans disappeared with them. As a result, an alcoholic dependence of an old heiress who did not need anyone brought her to a psychiatric clinic, where she was 30 on June 1998 of the year and died at the age of sixty-nine. And after seven years, Churbanov’s health, which had been thrown into prison, also began to falter. In the 2005 year, he had the first stroke, and after three years - the second, after which he could not get out of bed.
The last five long years of his life helpless, paralyzed Yuri Mikhailovich spent within the walls of his apartment. His third wife was capable of true self-sacrifice, gently and touchingly cared for him until the last days of her life. She rarely spoke with the press, did not like to give interviews. Yes, no one was interested in Churbanov's health, in recent years a sick person has been forgotten by everyone. He died October 7 2013. The modest funeral at Mitinsky cemetery, which took place on October 10, passed almost unnoticed by the press and the public, which once again confirms the words of the wise about how quickly "worldly glory passes."
After the death of Yuri Mikhailovich, State Duma deputies raised the question of the need to rehabilitate Churbanov, noting that if you throw away all the tinsel of indicative political persecution of a given historical figure, this person’s significant contribution to the development and development of Interior Ministry services in the USSR remains.
The words of Boris Yeltsin about Yuri Churbanov, expressed by him in one interview: "A good man, got for nothing."
I would like to end the article with the words of Irek Khisamiev, a retired police colonel, deputy chairman of the Council of Veterans of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Tatarstan: “Today on TV almost every day they show huge boxes and bags of money that are seized from those who have the same rank and title as Churbanov. They seize and seize, but there is no punishment .... Yuri Mikhailovich was a faithful assistant to the legendary Schelokov - the Reformer with a capital letter. When others came to power and began to crack down on the old team, Nikolai Anisimovich, living on the principle of “I have the honor!”, Shot himself. And Churbanova was simply sent to prison for some embroidered Uzbek robes .... Believe me - instead of blaming him indiscriminately, you need to understand the inner tragedy of this person. You cannot handle your story like that ... ”