Military Review

Prince of the Court Yuri Churbanov

The great Soviet era, the time of beautiful slogans and historical achievements, gave birth to a whole generation of "random" people, favored with attention and endowed with power by the leaders of the country and became outcasts of society after the change of the ruling "elite", persecuted by new "masters" of life, forcing them to answer for the sins of their patrons. Such was Yuri Mikhailovich Churbanov, a man thrown by fate to the very top, and then mercilessly thrown down from there. To the general public in Soviet times, he was well known as the "son-in-law" of the Soviet Union, the husband of the daughter of Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev himself. However, after the death of his famous father-in-law, Churbanov fell out of favor, becoming a kind of scapegoat for the Gorbachev cabinet. But the “fault” of this man, perhaps, consisted only in the fact that he chose the “wrong” woman. Or maybe, on the contrary, he found exactly what he was striving for? After all, the rapid career growth of Yuri Mikhailovich is associated precisely with his proximity to the head of state. However, in fairness, it should be noted that even before he met Galina Brezhneva, his life was filled with many interesting events and significant achievements, which Yuri Mikhailovich achieved on his own, thanks to his mind and patience.

Yuri Churbanov was born in the capital of Russia on November 11, 1936 and was the eldest child in a Soviet family with three children. The boy's father was a party worker and headed the Timiryazevsky regional executive committee of Moscow. After graduating from the 706th secondary school, located in the Leningrad region of the capital, at the insistence of his father, the young man entered a vocational school, and then got a job at the Znamya Truda plant as an assembly fitter aviation nodes.

A handsome and intelligent guy immediately became popular in the team, Yury was soon elected secretary of the Komsomol organization of the plant, and then appointed an instructor to the Leningrad Komsomol district committee. At the age of twenty-five, Yuri Churbanov married Tamara Valtseferova, in the marriage with whom he had two children. In parallel with the main work, the young father studied by correspondence at the law faculty of the main university of the country, Moscow State University Lomonosov, who successfully graduated in the 1964-th year. Working as the head of a department of the Komsomol Central Committee from 1964 to 1967, and the subsequent transition to service in the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs took a lot of his time, and therefore his family life was cracked. Even close friends later Yuri Mikhailovich did not like to tell the reasons for the collapse of the first marriage.

Prince of the Court Yuri Churbanov

In the 1967 year, Churbanov was appointed deputy head of the political department at the Main Directorate of the ITU (correctional labor institutions) of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs. In this capacity, Yuri Mikhailovich worked until the 1971 year. In the same period, he was given the rank of colonel ahead of time. It would seem that everything is going for him as well as possible, except for a ruined marriage. And it was here that the attractive, and most promising daughter of Leonid Ilyich Galina met on his way. It was only he himself who could tell which of the two components attracted the thirty-four-year-old Churbanov in the forty-one daughter of the General Secretary.

The fateful meeting itself took place in the restaurant of the Moscow House of Architects on Shchusev Street (Granatny Lane), where Yuri Churbanov and his friend went to celebrate Old New Year. After some time, in the depths of the hall, he noticed a small company sitting at the same table. He knew well some of them (Igor Schelokov, the son of the Minister of the Interior, as well as his wife Nonnu). Churbanov approached them to greet him and was introduced to the rest of the company. Among them was the daughter of the General Secretary, Galina Leonidovna. After their acquaintance, Brezhnev herself set a date for Yury Mikhailovich.

Just a week later, Galina Leonidovna invited her new fan to her parents' house and introduced the lieutenant colonel to her father. It should be noted that the previous hobbies of the daughter absolutely did not please Brezhnev. She, of course, was not a fantastic beauty, but she was able to effectively present herself and always enjoyed success with young people. However, her extreme windiness and inconstancy were noted. Numerous novels, which did not at all correspond to the image of a respectable offspring of a major sovdepovskiy official, upset the General Secretary very much. Apologizing for his careless daughter, Leonid Ilyich liked to say that with one eye he had to keep an eye on the state, and with the second — Galina, who from time to time suddenly throws him various “surprises”.

She extremely upset her father with her first marriage, having chosen to become the wife of an ordinary circus performer, who was twenty years older than the girl. In addition, in retaliation to Brezhnev, who imposed a ban on her desire to become an actress expressed after school, Galina began working with her newly-made husband in a circus! After her father was almost resigned to his daughter's trick, she began to start new demonstration and tumultuous novels, simply bringing Brezhnev to white heat. When my father found out about Galina’s next marriage, this time with illusionist Igor Kio (which by the way lasted only nine days), he ordered to completely cancel the data on the conclusion of this union, taking away the passport from the couple in love.

And then, finally, when the daughter brought a decent man from the point of view of the Secretary General, a man who had been accomplished in life, Brezhnev was extremely pleased. And therefore, after three months, when she announced her intention to remarry, Leonid Ilyich did not put any obstacles in the way, hoping that her daughter would finally come to her senses and settle down. The magnificent wedding, to which only the closest friends and relatives were invited, was away at the Brezhnev dacha in Zaryadye, and as a wedding gift the main parent presented an apartment to the young on Bolshaya Bronnaya.

Of course, a close relationship with the head of state bore fruit. Career Churbanova began to rapidly unwind, his patron and friend was now Nikolai Shchelokov himself, the head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. First of all, in the 1971 year, “son-in-law number one” was appointed deputy head of the Political Directorate of the Interior Ministry troops, where he worked until 1975. After that, Churbanov became the head of the same department. In the 1974 year, Yuri Mikhailovich was promoted to Major General, and after three years - Lieutenant General. Already in 1977, Shchelokov with the assistance of Brezhnev put Churbanov to the post of his deputy, and in February 1980 of the year Yuri Mikhailovich moved to the post of First Deputy Minister of the Interior.

Strangely enough, but the only problem of Yuri during this period of his life was his wife, who constantly tried to satisfy her vigorous temperament, and also began to abuse alcohol. Their marriage lasted a long nineteen years, but Yuri and Galina did not seem to really become close friends. Many said that if the spouses had common children, everything could have turned differently, but, alas ... All her time, despite the fictitious posts that Galina Leonidovna occupied according to the documents, she devoted a bohemian life among artists and artists, leading a completely careless and non-binding existence. Trying to realize himself according to his strength and abilities at the most responsible positions entrusted to him, Churbanov often had to catch his spouse from his suitors after a working day and bring her to her senses.

During the Olympics in Moscow, Churbanov was awarded the State Prize for his enormous contribution to maintaining order at the Olympic Games, and the following year he became Colonel-General. In addition to his main post, Yury Mikhailovich was also elected to the Supreme Council, a candidate member of the Central Committee and a member of the Central Audit Commission of the Communist Party. It can be said that he reached the heights of the political Olympus, but the problem was that his ascent coincided with the decline of the Land of the Soviets as a whole. The Brezhnev era that lasted for many years was coming to an end. In those years, against the background of the absence of unemployment, the workers of most enterprises simply sat out their working day, and in Soviet stores the counters looked like refrigerators with the notorious mouse, despite the fact that the collective farms and state farms reported new achievements and overfulfilment of all their plans. The Union republics reported on the volume of crops, which simply could not be, but no one paid attention to such trifles, because the awards and titles were distributed right and left. The state and party elites stood out against the general “gray” background, which was ensured by special distributors of goods and products. Churbanov, who traveled in a Mercedes car with several numbers in the trunk, got a significant piece of the pie. As Galina Leonidovna later told the investigation, Erich Honecker (a long-time leader of the GDR) presented this car to the General Secretary, and the friend gave him to his beloved son-in-law.

Life for Yuri Mikhailovich changed dramatically after 10 in November of 1982, when the “dear” Leonid Ilyich died, and Yuri Andropov, who came to power, decided to initiate a series of indicative “anti-corruption cases”. What was interesting was that the defendants in these cases were mostly from the entourage of the former Secretary-General. In addition, the immediate superior of Churbanov Shchelokov was a longtime opponent of the new “lord” of the state.

Five days after the death of Brezhnev, Andropov summoned Yuri Mikhailovich to himself and unequivocally let him know that he would not repair the massacre of him and his family. The head of Churbanov, who, after being removed from his ministerial post (two days after Leonid Ilyich’s death) and depriving of all awards, was less fortunate, could not withstand the psychological pressure and committed suicide by shooting himself on a 13 December hunting rifle. Churbanov was initially only demoted, but this situation did not last long. In March, 1984, along with the newly-made General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev, came another wave of changes and purges. A few months later, Yuri Mikhailovich was removed from his post as First Deputy Minister and appointed to a much less prestigious position as deputy head of the Main Directorate of the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Less than a year later, Churbanov was dismissed, stating that she was dismissed “for seniority”. Almost at the same time, the son-in-law of the former General Secretary was followed by surveillance, and on January 1985 of 14 of the year he was arrested as a defendant in the Uzbek case.

“Cotton” or “Uzbek case” called a whole series of criminal cases about large-scale corruption and economic crimes in the Uzbek SSR. The investigation was conducted from the end of the 1970s up to the 1989 and caused a large public outcry in the Soviet Union. In total, over eight hundred criminal cases were initiated, in which more than four thousand people were imprisoned for various periods. A number of “high-profile” arrests were made, including, among others, the minister of the cotton-ginning industry of Uzbekistan (capital punishment), the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Republic, secretaries of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan, first secretaries of a number of regional committees. All of them were accused of embezzlement, bribes, postscripts, despite the fact that many were not even associated with the cotton industry. Some persons involved in the case committed suicide.

Churbanov was arrested right in the office of the chief of the investigative unit of the Prosecutor General's Office, German Karakozov. With Yuri Mikhailovich, the Rolex presented by Brezhnev was removed, suspenders and a tie, and the laces were pulled out of the shoes. All the way to the isolator, he had to support the falling trousers with his hands. Being in the Lefortovo chambers, Churbanov wrote complaints. He wrote until his old acquaintance, the KGB chairman Viktor Chebrikov, came to visit him. He said to him: “You after all, Yura, like no one else knows the rules of the game. The decision on the arrest was made by the Politburo, and you know well that the Politburo is not mistaken here. ”

Churbanov was tried to accuse of corruption actions, imputing the guilt of obtaining astronomical sums of money, but most of the episodes in his case could not be proved. The investigators also did not conceal that Yuri was only a bargaining pawn in the game of the new, thirsting for demonstrative changes of the “ruler”. They persuaded him to confess to everything, so that it would not get worse, so that they would not give the highest measure ... Churbanov knew the Soviet system: both judicial and in the field of the execution of sentences. He remembered how, in his time, Khrushchev shot currency traders, despite the fact that the laws are not retroactive. As a result, he recognized only three episodes: receiving as a bribe an Uzbek robe and skullcap with gold embroidery found at his dacha, an expensive coffee service, and ninety thousand rubles worth of money (although the initial amount sounded in the amount of one and a half million).

At the end of the high-profile legal proceedings, which took place from 5 September to 31 December 1988, he was convicted by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court and sentenced to twelve years of imprisonment with confiscation of all property. Also, in accordance with the verdict, Churbanov was deprived of awards (the Order of the Red Banner, the Order of the Red Star and fourteen medals) and his military rank. From “son-in-law number one” he instantly turned into “prisoner number one”. He turned out to be the only major official of the time of the “great stagnation” who went to prison. Churbanov did not have to serve a full term; in 1993, he was released on parole.

From a conversation with a former investigator for particularly important cases under the Prosecutor General Vladimir Kalinichenko: “I remember well that heightened passions around Yuri Churbanov. Karakozov (an investigator for particularly important cases) consulted me: to arrest or not? I said that I consider this to be an erroneous decision - there is less real guilt than political engagement. However, Churbanov was arrested. Initially, it was said about a hundred-odd cases of his criminal activity, mainly bribes. When it was finished, Vyacheslav Mirtov (investigator for particularly important cases) left about ten episodes, the rest, if not proven and not taken place, disappeared. ”

During the imprisonment of Yuri Mikhailovich, and to serve his sentence, he was sent to a colony for former police officers in Nizhny Tagil (where he made aluminum vases for ice cream), Galina Brezhneva, taking advantage of the situation, filed a divorce. In 1990, she even managed to return the property confiscated during the arrest of her husband. Only after his release, Yuri Churbanov learned that Galina had broken up with him, and many of those who allegedly brought bribes to him were justified long ago. On the fifth day after his return, Churbanov arrived at his spouse in his old home. Afterwards, he said: “Neither joy, nor tears, nor kisses, nor emotions, is an ordinary meeting.”

After the camp, Yuri Mikhailovich lived for some time with his sister Svetlana. She put Churbanov on her feet for a whole year. After six years in prison, he began his first serious health problems. In 1994, he married his old friend Lyudmila Kuznetsova, a calm, sincere and intelligent woman who was working at Moscow State University at that time. It is safe to say that, despite the previous unsuccessful marriages, Yuri Mikhailovich did find his own happiness with her.

Many friends turned away from him. Of the remaining comrades was Vladimir Resin, who became the first deputy mayor of Moscow. In 1997, he arranged for Churbanov to be the head of the security service of the monopoly company Rosshtern, which produced almost all of the capital in the capital. And in 1999, he was elected to the post of deputy president of the Spartak hockey club. Journalists did not allow Yuri Mikhailovich to pass, Churbanov often spoke to the press with stories about his test and his boss, and was engaged in writing memoirs about the past epoch. With a bitter smile, Yuri told reporters that he wanted to live to see the time when the authorities figure out his case and return the state awards.

Regarding his conclusion, Yury Churbanov said the following: “See for yourself, I am the husband of the beloved and only daughter of the Secretary General. Power, opportunities, more than enough! I was charged with Uzbek robes, a bundle of linoleum and, most importantly, bribes. I will say this: if I wanted something, it was enough just to say. The next day I had it! And no signatures. Do you think Gorbachev, someone from the leaders of the highest echelon was different? Someone was engaged in household issues himself, some wives, but most were provided by specially trained people. Why do you think the CPSU Central Committee Administration was created? And then everything depended only on the person. Someone lost his head from greed and permissiveness. "

Less fortunate was the fate of Galina Leonidovna. The remains of his father’s condition quickly evaporated, and numerous friends and fans disappeared with them. As a result, an alcoholic dependence of an old heiress who did not need anyone brought her to a psychiatric clinic, where she was 30 on June 1998 of the year and died at the age of sixty-nine. And after seven years, Churbanov’s health, which had been thrown into prison, also began to falter. In the 2005 year, he had the first stroke, and after three years - the second, after which he could not get out of bed.

The last five long years of his life helpless, paralyzed Yuri Mikhailovich spent within the walls of his apartment. His third wife was capable of true self-sacrifice, gently and touchingly cared for him until the last days of her life. She rarely spoke with the press, did not like to give interviews. Yes, no one was interested in Churbanov's health, in recent years a sick person has been forgotten by everyone. He died October 7 2013. The modest funeral at Mitinsky cemetery, which took place on October 10, passed almost unnoticed by the press and the public, which once again confirms the words of the wise about how quickly "worldly glory passes."

After the death of Yuri Mikhailovich, State Duma deputies raised the question of the need to rehabilitate Churbanov, noting that if you throw away all the tinsel of indicative political persecution of a given historical figure, this person’s significant contribution to the development and development of Interior Ministry services in the USSR remains.

The words of Boris Yeltsin about Yuri Churbanov, expressed by him in one interview: "A good man, got for nothing."

I would like to end the article with the words of Irek Khisamiev, a retired police colonel, deputy chairman of the Council of Veterans of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Tatarstan: “Today on TV almost every day they show huge boxes and bags of money that are seized from those who have the same rank and title as Churbanov. They seize and seize, but there is no punishment .... Yuri Mikhailovich was a faithful assistant to the legendary Schelokov - the Reformer with a capital letter. When others came to power and began to crack down on the old team, Nikolai Anisimovich, living on the principle of “I have the honor!”, Shot himself. And Churbanova was simply sent to prison for some embroidered Uzbek robes .... Believe me - instead of blaming him indiscriminately, you need to understand the inner tragedy of this person. You cannot handle your story like that ... ”

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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 18 October 2013 09: 15
    So, under Nikolai Anisimovich, the police were working. It was then the party and agricultural ministers who did not distinguish between crime and crime. There were times when they left for civilian life in half a department at once. And the "Uzbek business", which was successfully started by Glyand and Ivanov, also fell apart afterwards.
    "About times, about morals!"
    1. berimor
      berimor 18 October 2013 12: 03
      Error! Not Gland, but Gdlyan!
      1. aszzz888
        aszzz888 18 October 2013 12: 51
        Thanks I know. So they said in those days, so as not to "break" the language.
  2. kaktus
    kaktus 18 October 2013 09: 24
    Great contrast with the "current moment" such as "Oboronservis", etc.
    1. Gari
      Gari 18 October 2013 10: 41
      Quote: kaktus
      Great contrast with the "current moment" such as "Oboronservice", etc.

      receiving as a bribe an Uzbek dressing gown and skullcap with gold embroidery found at his dacha, an expensive coffee service, as well as money worth ninety thousand rubles
      “Today on TV almost daily they show huge boxes and bags of money that are seized from those who are equal to Churbanov by their posts and titles. They seize and seize, but there is no punishment ...
      Nothing to add
  3. bistrov.
    bistrov. 18 October 2013 10: 52
    Indeed, man had such opportunities. They put him in a dressing gown and a service. One case was recalled: in our unit, there was an Uzbek military driver and soldier in a transport car. He was smart, such an Uzbek woman. He was released on vacation for good service. Well, he brought back a dressing gown and a cape for a zampo tech. So now, did the zampotech go to jail? Just ridiculous.
  4. Vadim2013
    Vadim2013 18 October 2013 11: 09
    During the reign of Leonid Brezhnev there was a decomposition of the leaders of the USSR at all levels. However, Shchelokov Nikolay Anisimovich did a lot for the normal work of the Soviet police.
    1. BBM
      BBM 19 October 2013 08: 53
      Hugo, especially when it comes to the murder, by the drunken cop, of some deputy head of the KGB analytical department. And all because of some sort of food ration ... And when they started to turn the case over the transport police. Then the militia elite turned on and Andropov’s personal intervention was needed + the investigative team was recruited throughout the union and guarded as a gold reserve. Then it also became clear that this was not the first case, but for some reason there were no investigations into the actions of the Shchelokov eagles ...
      So if he hadn’t shot himself, he would have stomped on the zone.
  5. komissar
    komissar 18 October 2013 11: 26
    Churbanov was imprisoned not because he took bribes, but because, being a member of the Brezhnev family and the first deputy Minister of Internal Affairs of the USSR, he knew too much about the "sins" of the same Gorbachev and other reformers and leaders of perestroika. In the conditions of developing "glasnost" I could tell too much about the past exploits of the fathers of "democracy." It's more reliable in prison.
    1. washi
      washi 18 October 2013 17: 58
      Yes, everyone knew about Misha - a wallet. He is labeled
      The problem is that if they stole before, they shared it with the people. And now only in your pocket
  6. Baron Wrangell
    Baron Wrangell 18 October 2013 11: 51
    I do not plus or minus the article!
    Churbanov was a stavlenik of the era, apparently "golden youth" who made a career in the political line. If he had made a career with a simple opera, and dad he would not have a great leader, but so. And you can also say in the structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs he was not respected, like all upstarts!
    1. mansur
      mansur 18 October 2013 12: 37
      Quote: Baron Wrangel
      I do not plus or minus the article!

      And also
      Quote: Baron Wrangel
      Churbanov was a stavlenik of the era, apparently "golden youth

      But I completely agree with you
      In 1967, Churbanov was appointed to the post of deputy head of the political department at the Main Directorate of ITU (Correctional Labor Institutions) of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs. In this capacity, Yuri Mikhailovich worked until 1971. In the same period, he was given the rank of colonel ahead of schedule, I ask you to turn there was no Galina and her omnipotent father at 35 !!!
      Then with marriage it’s clear with career growth.
      Maybe if he got married he would have achieved a lot, of course, not that, but on the other hand, he was stable and without arrests.
    2. Old_kapitan
      Old_kapitan 18 October 2013 19: 42
      And we can also say that in the structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs he was not respected, like all the upstarts!

      Did you serve then in the structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs? belay What avatar is this?
      I read a lot of reviews about Churbanov, not when “I haven’t read Pasternak, but I condemn”, but later times, and for some reason all the then not only heads of the Internal Affairs Directorate, but also ordinary employees noted his humanity.
      1. Baron Wrangell
        Baron Wrangell 21 October 2013 11: 01
        Quote: Old_Kapitan
        Did you serve then in the structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs? What avatar is this?

        served, served! and just at that time!
        and the avatar, the memory of the army, I love airplanes! wink
    3. Vadim2013
      Vadim2013 19 October 2013 04: 55
      Yu.M. Churbanov did not serve in the Soviet Army. The Ministry of Internal Affairs did not start working with a lieutenant.
  7. unclevad
    unclevad 18 October 2013 11: 57
    Yes, in the late 70s and early 80s, you could safely walk along the street at night, at least in Moscow.
    1. mansur
      mansur 18 October 2013 12: 38
      Quote: unclevad
      Yes, in the late 70s and early 80s, you could safely walk along the street at night, at least in Moscow.

      Yes, everywhere it was possible to walk calmly; my police guarded me.
  8. Petrik66
    Petrik66 18 October 2013 13: 29
    A typical biography of a young and not very young careerist since the development of socialism. I understand that there are many former political leaders on the site, etc., but ordinary people did not feel any particular worries about Churbanov, and they are unlikely to. One question, but if the famous beauty Galina Brezhneva were not the daughter of the Secretary General of the Central Committee of the CPSU, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR, Marshal of the Soviet Union Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, would he also rush to get acquainted and get married with this chuvirla? Here is the answer to all the questions. And then, he directly suffered for his own, ideological .....
    1. washi
      washi 18 October 2013 18: 00
      Quote: Petrik66
      One question, but if the famous beauty Galina Brezhneva were not the daughter of the Secretary General of the Central Committee of the CPSU, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR, Marshal of the Soviet Union Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, would he also rush to get acquainted and get married with this chuvirla? Here is the answer to all the questions. And then, he directly suffered for his own, ideological .....

      Love is evil ....
      But he didn’t rush to get acquainted.
  9. Murzyak
    Murzyak 18 October 2013 14: 02
    Quote: Petrik66
    if the famous beauty galina Brezhneva were not the daughter of the Secretary General of the Central Committee of the CPSU, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR, Marshal of the Soviet Union Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, would he also rush to get acquainted and get married with this chuvryl?

    And now there are few examples of this happening? And nothing "I fell in love with him (her) for the breadth of my soul and other, other
  10. kripto
    kripto 18 October 2013 16: 52
    So that they would not say, but Churbanov really served, and did not squeeze out the loot like many police and police leaders equal to his level. I myself now serve in the Ministry of Internal Affairs, it is disgusting to look. I didn’t think about retirement before, but now I think it's time.
    Once I was walking down the corridor and noticed a poster with images of the ministers of the interior since 1802, and that's what is interesting from October 1917 to August 1991, there was not a single person at the head of the police who went through the entire career ladder from a simple policeman to a minister ... But in this galaxy of "appointed" ministers Shchelokov stands out very strongly. The main merit of Shchelokov is that he realized his main idea "The police should not only be afraid but also respected" and I think he did it in the most brilliant way.

    The work of the police, as art, literature, is designed to inspire people with unshakable optimism, faith in the best manifestations of human souls, aspirations, desires, thoughts. Any awakening of cruelty, violence, vandalism and barbarism deserves the most severe condemnation. To curb these human vices is the duty of a civilized society. And speaking the legal language, works glorifying vulgarity, pornography, and contributing to violence are themselves criminal acts.
    - ON THE. Shchelokov

    This is so ...
    1. zub46
      zub46 18 October 2013 20: 44
      Dear kripto, in my opinion, right now we have put things in order at least a bit. Remember what happened in the 1990s-2000s. The working people (all sorts), exposed to the first "assault", puzzled over the question: "Who are the cops or bandits?" How to resist? There was not much difference, the former were even worse in terms of the degree of impudence. The latter, even by brute force and "return flow", could be reinforced quite realistically.
      And after N.A.Schelokov for about 7-9 months there was Vlasov, the former deputy chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR (not the USSR, mind you). Another instance. He sat literally motionless so as not to make a mistake, was afraid to make any decisions at all, everything had died out. Then Fedorchuk came, life got better.
      1. kripto
        kripto 19 October 2013 07: 59
        Forgive me. Do you yourself have anything to do with the current system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs? If so, it’s at least strange for me to hear your words. This, as you put it, a bit in putting things in order for the personnel, resulted in a real chaos in relation to this very personnel. For example, there was a banal settling of accounts under the guise of recertification, when in the presence of a simple reprimand (which in the current conditions is not a problem to grab - one more, one less), employees were simply not allowed to this very recertification on a formal basis. At the same time, other individuals who had criminal cases initiated against them, but were close to the body, were re-certified with a bang. When operas with 15 years of experience and a thug's daughter were put on the same scale, who do you think had more chances to be reassigned? There has not been more blow to the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs since the days of Fedorchuk, so beloved by you. And who was Fedorchuk? An appointee from the KGB, whose task was to "clean out the Shchelok scum", but only with him, I believe, and the exodus of decent professionals began who did not fit into his vision.
        When Fedorchuk was in office, the head of the Main Criminal Directorate was occupied by my respected Ivan Fedorovich Shilov (for me personally, a sample of a police officer), so one of the main problems that he had to deal with was the resistance to the working methods that the KGB directors sent, so to speak, to strengthen the staff.
  11. zub46
    zub46 18 October 2013 19: 01
    The main idea in our comments is that the man suffered practically for nothing. I agree completely. Taking into account modern "realities" and "background" - especially. He is nothing more than a victim of the "butting" of the Ministry of Internal Affairs with the KGB, which has very long-standing roots (as well as the current SVR (former PGU KGB of the USSR) - with the counterintelligence service, as well as the KGB and the Army). Andropov, who became general secretary, waited in the wings to settle accounts with Minister Shchelokov for some of his old "contradictions." But not about this - a little personal:
    observed Yuri Mikhailovich Churbanov directly during his service in the Central Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR just in those years. The impressions remained - a typical, and a cool political worker (although at that time he was no longer engaged in political work). Before coming to the post of Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs, he himself had a very brilliant career. It has always been difficult to earn a colonel (and not only) rank ahead of schedule. Tall, handsome guy. In combat, he served as a model for bearing and wearing uniforms. A picture general, he played this role with skill and taste. He occupied an office with all the "dressing rooms" about 50 meters long at 6 Ogareva. I put visas on documents in green ink, handwriting - calligraphic. Every day at fifteen zero, the tailor carried freshly ironed trousers on the crook of his left arm - the evening social life of their owner obliged him to do this. And we "at the bottom" had a minor problem: once again not to meet with Yuri Mikhailovich in the corridor - we were sitting on the same floor. I then wore a military uniform (major) and upon meeting he, having carefully examined the appearance, could demand: "Lift up your trousers." He was interested in the color of the socks - green or black. And with green was "strained" - they existed only in the form of cotton and crawled off the feet, while black nylon (comfortable) in those days for some reason were forbidden to wear (then allowed). If I did not guess the right color, then the remark followed: "Tell the manager that you are punished." But he was not "bloodthirsty". I believe that thanks to his father-in-law, he did a lot for the Ministry of Internal Affairs system, working together with Shchelokov N.A. To a large extent - to create a positive image of this organization in society. And then certain structures, taking advantage of their position, since the fifties, working "for the public", subtly "transferred arrows" for known cases and deeds to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, forgetting that this structure at all times was engaged only in criminal crime, colonies and fire protection, but not at all politics and not politicians.
    During the trial of Churbanov and others, many of us were forced to enter the building of the USSR Supreme Court, where we portrayed "citizens", and filled the hall. They kicked out of it as best they could, but there was nowhere to go, three times went. I just heard at the confrontation the testimony of the "Bukhara Emir" - the former first secretary of the regional party committee. He talked about the same "golden" robe and 10 thousand rubles. In Uzbekistan, the oldest custom is to give a robe to respected guests. And the money, in his words, on his own initiative put Churbanov in his pocket during the morning walk for nothing, only - as he specified - "for respect" and categorically refused to take it back when he found it. With such a funny accent it was all pronounced.
    Churbanov's example is a vivid illustration of the saying: "In Russia, do not renounce prison and money."
    1. BBM
      BBM 19 October 2013 09: 02
      Quote: zub46
      "Turn up your pants." He was interested in the color of the socks - green or black. And with green was "strained" - they existed only in the form of cotton and crawled off the feet, while black nylon (comfortable) in those days for some reason were forbidden to wear (then allowed). If I did not guess the right color, then the remark followed: "Tell the manager that you are punished."

      the brightest example of insanity and unique that admires this insanity
      Quote: zub46
      But he was not "bloodthirsty"

      Quote: zub46
      But he was not "bloodthirsty".

      that is, jambs on the service perceived as normal? Yes, certainly a great guy.
  12. GEO
    GEO 18 October 2013 19: 47
    Quote: unclevad
    Yes, in the late 70s and early 80s, you could safely walk along the street at night, at least in Moscow.

    Not only in Moscow, absolutely throughout the country. We spent the summer holidays until midnight.