Military Review

The history of the Israeli special forces. Part two

30
The history of the Israeli special forces. Part two

In addition to the grueling physical exams, cadets were also required a high level of education



So, since I started my work with stories Army Special Forces, I will continue in this context, trying to preserve the chronology. It is trying, because it is not so easy.

The fact is that after the successful attacks of the fighters Arik Sharon, Meir xAr Zion, Aaron Davidi, Mordechai Gore and other officers of the 101 and 890 units of the landing battalion, the already tough competition between people from different Jewish military organizations of the 40- period x

In addition, the specifics of the theater of operations changed rather quickly, it was necessary to expand all the time, improve training, use new equipment, weapons and, consequently, change tactics.

Special forces operations have become much more complex and multifaceted, what yesterday was an achievement, has become the norm. The radius of action and goals were getting farther and more difficult. It took interaction with other types of troops and government services.

Only the basic foundations laid by the founders — courage, heroism, and the will to win — did not change. Since many people received specialized training even before the proclamation of the State and before the formation of the IDF, they successfully applied their potential and experience in the service.

Matcal

One such specialist was Abraham Arnan. The guy from a religious, large family was born in Jerusalem in 1930, Abraham Erling (his name was later changed to Jewish Arnan) was the eighth child in the family. At the age of 16, he joined Agana, and in 18 he graduated from the Palmach Commanders course.

He took part in a number of key battles of the War of Independence, was wounded several times. At the beginning of 50-x began working on the creation of military intelligence IDF. He specialized in illegal intelligence, gathering information on the territory of hostile states.

Worked in Iraq and Iran. He was the one who had the idea to create a special military intelligence unit under the general staff. The idea embodied in 1957g. The new unit was a consolidated detachment selected from the veterans of the 101 unit, paratroopers, as well as veterans of the Arab Platoon of Palmach.

The Arabic Platoon is a group of Palmah fighters created on the initiative of Igal Alon in 1943. The group intended for intelligence and sabotage activities was disguised as an Arab population. It consisted mainly of Jewish immigrants from Arab countries or born in Israel in the families of repatriates of those.

The fighters of the Arab Platoon knew Arabic well, they understood the intricacies of the culture and the mentality of the Arabs could easily dissolve in the crowd. The total experience of the fighters of a completely different profile served as a solid basis for creating one of the best special forces in the World.

The unit wore 269 and 262 indexes, but it is more known under the name of Sayret MATKAL - which means the Special Forces of the General Staff.


The first issue of special forces military intelligence MATKAL 1958g. Please note that some of the fighters have a characteristic eastern appearance, the second part of the fighters with a European appearance. In this photo, Arnan himself (standing second from left), also the future Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak - (sitting third from right).


Abraham Arnan studied the history of the British SAS, in particular, he was very impressed with the book by David Stirling (the founder of SAS). Therefore, he formed his unit along a similar principle, focusing on the same key elements of training.

Admission to the unit was strictly limited for reasons of secrecy. In addition to the grueling physical exams for endurance and willpower, Arnan demanded that the cadets also have a high level of education and intellectual abilities.

With education, some problems have arisen with regard to the "Arab Legion". Many immigrant families from Arab countries were formally poorly educated. At first, there were concessions in this regard.

The existence of the unit itself was not advertised until 80x. Most of the operations of the special unit MATCAL are classified to this day. Nevertheless, a number of operations brought, without exaggeration, worldwide fame to the unit and the State.

Despite the image of the anti-terrorism unit created in 70, MATCAL is not one. From the available bits of information, leaked in 2000-x in the autobiographical books of Israeli Air Force officers, you can draw a slightly different picture.

For example, in the middle of 60, small detachments (up to five fighters) of the MATCAL units secretly penetrated into the territory of Egypt by helicopters. The helicopters were carefully prepared, especially navigational routes were painstakingly built at the headquarters of the Air Force, the best and most experienced pilots were flown.

Helicopters were going at extremely low altitude under the cover of the terrain. Also mentioned are specific heavy equipment developed by the military intelligence technology department. What exactly did these groups and what kind of equipment we can only guess.

Given that all participants in the operations were marked by high rewards, we can assume that the operations were intelligence and had strategic importance.

Considering also that in the Six Day War 1967 of the year Israel was well aware of the location, armament, strength, staffing and even the daily routine of the Egyptian units deployed on the Sinai Peninsula, it can be assumed that military intelligence had a hand in it the face of his elite unit.

Several such operations commanded Ehud Barak. Code names of operations, dates and some details of operations appear in a number of memoirs and are confirmed by the AOI award documents.

Revenge for EL-AL

Nevertheless, the open part of the history of the unit is often purely army sabotage operations. The first widely known operation was a raid on Beirut airport 28 December 1968.

The operation was a response to a new wave of Arab terror that swept through Europe that year.

Thus, in the summer, terrorists of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine took EL-AL flight from Rome to Tel Aviv, hijacked the plane to Algeria, after lengthy negotiations, the hostages were released in exchange for the release of Israeli prisoners from terrorists.

And on the eve in Athens, an EL-AL plane threw a grenade and fired from an automatic weapons.

Two days later, the Israeli army responded with a bold retaliation operation. Coming from the 890-th battalion, and at that time, the commander-in-chief of the airborne troops of the AOI, Rafael Eitan, conducted a lightning operation in the capital of Lebanon - Beirut.

A combined detachment of paratroopers and special forces soldiers MATKAL total number of 66 people, on helicopters passed along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea with the lights off.

There were only markings on the blades, allowing you to keep a distance and visual contact. The troops landed near the largest, at that time, airport in the Middle East.

The special forces soldiers carried on their backs large backpacks with explosives and a detailed list of the scheme on the sides of Arab airlines. Arab aircraft 14 aircraft were mined by double charges, one per wing. Part of the aircraft were passengers, which the fighters drove out.

The approaches to the airport were blocked, spikes were scattered on the roads, bags with slippery substances and a thick smoke screen were set up. In preparation for the evacuation, the helicopter pilot circling in the air above the airport, noticed that trucks and an armored personnel carrier were moving from the North in their direction.

The pilot ordered the on-board mechanic to open a warning fire under the wheels of the vehicles, but they continued to move, then fire was opened to kill from a heavy onboard machine gun. Having received damage the column rose.

As a result of the detonation, all 14 aircraft of three Arab airlines were destroyed. The paratroopers and special forces without loss and complications returned to base.

In the period 1969-1972. MATKAL fighters conducted another series of raids in the Egyptian and Syrian rear. Basically, these were the classic scenarios of army special forces. Undermines of bridges, air defense systems, attacks on patrols, breaks in communications, etc.

Sabena

8 May 1972. The 551 flight of the Belgian airline Sabena following the route Brussels-Vienna-Tel Aviv was seized by terrorists from the organization Black September and landed at the international airport named after M.A. Ben Gurion in Lod.

Onboard there were about 100 passengers (mostly Israelis) and crew members. There were four terrorists, two men and two women. They were armed with two pistols, grenades and two death belts hidden under clothing.

Ali Hassan Salame, a well-known Palestinian terrorist, planned the attack, he was later among the organizers of the terrorist attack in the Olympic village of Munich that same year. Before Sabena, "Black September" acted exclusively against the Jordanian authorities.

The name of the organization itself was reminiscent of the bloody operation of the Jordanian army against Palestinian terrorists in Jordanian refugee camps.

The terrorists demanded that 315 release their "colleagues" from Israeli prisons, otherwise threatening to blow up the plane with all the passengers. The MATKAL fighters arrived at the scene and began preparations for the assault.

The command of the operation was assigned to the unit commander Ehud Barak. In the assault group were selected the best fighters units. While negotiations were underway, an assault plan was being developed.

A good opportunity came at a time when the terrorists demanded to refuel the aircraft and deliver food on board. Rehavam Zeevi (ל"ל) proposed to use only small caliber pistols during the assault.

The plan was as follows. Under the guise of mechanics closer to the plane, allegedly for technical inspection and refueling. Then storm the plane at once from all five exits.

The assault team also included a veteran unit, and at that time a general security officer who three years before this incident alone repulsed an attack by four terrorists on an Israeli plane in Zurich.

16 fighters MATKAL took up positions, Ehud Barak gave a start to the beginning of the operation whistle. A minute later, two terrorists were dead, two terrorists were captured. Ten minutes later the operation was completed, the explosive was a dummy.

Nevertheless, three passengers suffered, one person with an eastern appearance jumped in front of the assault group and was wounded, it turned out that he was a Jew from Belgium, and not a terrorist. In the accident, seven 0.22LR caliber bullets hit, but they managed to save him.

One woman was seriously injured during a short skirmish in the cabin and later died, another passenger was injured in a skirmish. During the operation, two special forces soldiers were slightly injured. Benjamin Netanyahu received a tangent wound from his partner's gun in the ensuing fight with a terrorist.

One of the terrorists tried to hide in the "outhouse" where he was "soaked."

Speaking of prime ministers, this is perhaps the only example in world history where two future prime ministers stormed the plane at once - Benjamin Netanyahu and Ehud Barak.


Barack with subordinates on the wing of the plane, in the hands of Barak Beretta's pistol model 71 cal. 0.22LR


Box

21 June 1972, the MATKAL fighters conducted an operation in southern Lebanon. Two groups led by Ehud Barak (assault) and Benjamin Netanyahu (cover) ambushed a convoy of high-ranking officers of the Syrian army, capturing five of them as prisoners and destroying Lebanese soldiers accompanying them.

One special forces soldier was injured. The officers were abducted in order to exchange them for an Israeli pilot and several other Israeli prisoners of the Air Force mechanics.


Benjamin Netanyahu (Jonathan's younger brother) fighter MATKAL, the current Prime Minister of Israel.


Operation "Spring of Youth"

On the night of 10, April, 1973, a combined detachment of about thirty Israeli special forces, consisting of MATKAL fighters, naval swimmers and paratroopers' brigade special forces, conducted one of the largest retaliation actions in the center of Beirut.

This operation was a response to the wave of Palestinian terror that swept Europe in the early 70's. The seizure of aircraft and sea liners, attacks on Israeli missions abroad and the death of the Israeli Olympic team at the Olympics in Munich.

After being expelled from Jordan, Lebanon became the main base of Palestinian terror, in fact a whole base of Fatah (Movement for the National Liberation of Palestine) settled in Beirut.

MOSSAD’s foreign intelligence agents gathered reliable information about the headquarters of Palestinian terrorists in Beirut and prepared the necessary base for the operation.

For a long time, the special forces fighters practiced the operation to the smallest details. Conducted reconnaissance and observation of targets, selection of routes, landing sites, etc. It was a very thorough and hard work of several departments of the army and special services. The combined squad of special forces was taken by sea by boat to the Navy, off the coast they were transferred to low-speed Zodiac boats and landed on a deserted beach where they met with intelligence agents who had prepared the transport.

The objectives were as follows:

Aviva is two seven-story buildings in the center of the Muslim quarter of Beirut, where Fatah activists lived. High-ranking leaders lived here, including Yasir Arafat’s deputy, Yusef a'Najar, Fatah press secretary, Kamal Nazser, and the head of Black September, responsible for operations in Israel and in the territories, Kamal Eduan.

The task - to eliminate the "cones" was entrusted to a group under the command of Ehud Barak. The group also included Jonathan Netanyahu (Benjamin's older brother).

"Gilya" - Another seven-story house in which the Fatah fighters settled. The task of undermining the house was assigned to a group of reconnaissance paratroopers and two officers of an engineering special unit at the airborne brigade.

"Tsilya" - An armament factory producing mines, land mines and explosives in the north-east of Beirut.

Warda - Two buildings in the south of Beirut, a weapons factory and the headquarters of Fatah Gaza.

"Judit" - a workshop for the repair of weapons.

The operation was very noisy; in addition to bodyguards and terrorists, several Lebanese gendarmes were also killed. Accidentally killed an Italian pensioner who opened her door during the withdrawal of the assault group.

Nevertheless, the operation was so lightning that the police in Beirut (at that time it was a thriving resort city) did not even have time to understand what was happening. All goals were met.

During the battle at the goal "Gil" were killed two Israeli paratroopers. Nevertheless, in the ensuing battle, a detachment of paratroopers was able to suppress resistance and undermined the building.

The fighters of Barak performed their part almost flawlessly. In this operation, Ehud Barak dressed in women's clothes, a detachment of liquidators played the role of strolling tourists, where Barak was a burning brunette.

According to Palestinian data, the attack killed 14 people including three leaders. According to intelligence reports, which prepared the operation and according to the testimony of the fighters, in addition to the three main targets, several dozens of terrorists and at least two Lebanese gendarmes were eliminated.

The greatest failure of this operation can only be considered that Hassan Salame and Yasser Arafat, as it turned out later, were a couple of hundred meters from the scene, but did not find themselves that night in the apartments of their associates.

During the flashing in 1973. Judgment Day Wars Special forces soldiers of the General Staff urgently needed on the northern border of Israel. There were fierce battles for the Golan Heights. The fact is that to all other troubles were added raids by the Syrian "commandos".

The Syrians threw assault groups of commandos to the rear, as well as for the assault on IDF fortified points. In fact, a group of MATKAL fighters under the command of Yoni Netanyahu became for a while the special forces of the 36 armored division and appeared in the heaviest sectors.

The “commandos” called the Syrian assault groups created under the clear influence of the Soviet instructors - they conducted a number of successful assault assault operations by capturing key IDO strongholds and blocking the routes. Including at the beginning of the war, OP Hermon fell.

To recapture the strategically important heights, the special forces soldiers of the general staff were involved. Netanyahu's detachment secretly made its way to the Hermon base station and reported that the OP was empty and he could take it, but the command rejected the initiative, which later resulted in great losses to the Golani brigade.

In three days of fighting, a special forces unit destroyed and captured the 40 order of the Syrian commandos and cut off all attempts to reinforce the Syrian units that were fighting with the Golani infantry brigade. MATKAL lost two fighters in these battles.

The same detachment Yoni evacuated, under heavy enemy fire, the battalion commander tank troops of Yossi Ben Hanan shell-shocked in a battle with the Syrians. For his courage, Netanyahu was awarded the medal "For Distinction" (Itur haMofet) at the end of the Yom Kippur War.

In addition to the Yoni squad, there were other operations of the MATKAL fighters in that war. For example, a detachment of Uzi Dayan - Deputy Yoni. Uzi began the war on the Egyptian front, worked out a plan with penetration into the rear and dressed in Egyptians.

But soon he was urgently recalled to the Syrian front to conduct a special operation in the rear of the Syrian army. The target was Syrian artillery batteries.

The task was complicated by the fact that it was necessary to pass through minefields, slip past the numerous Syrian units and secretly get close to the target, destroy it and also try to quietly go back through the patrols that had been alarmed.

The first night, the luck did not smile to the company of Dayan, but the second exit was successful. Coming out of the location of the artillery battery, the special forces were glad to find out for themselves that it had just begun to work. Under the crash of volleys of guns, the special forces fighters had no trouble getting close and destroying the Syrians, who, according to the recollections of Uzi Dayan, did not have time to understand where death came to them.


Captain Uzi Dayan Mount Hermon 1973. Note that given the sabotage nature of the operation, the fighters are armed with AK.


Dayan with the soldiers also participated in the storming of the OP Hermon. During the Yom Kippur War, the company Uzi Dayan did not lose a single soldier to those killed. Uzi himself was slightly injured and at the end of the war was sent to a hospital from where he fled 2 hours later. Nevertheless, several MATKAL fighters laid down their lives in this War.

On the Egyptian front, the special forces did not miss either. A consolidated detachment of 22 man in a cargo helicopter landed on the rear of one of the dominant heights. The detachment consisted of fighters MATKAL and artillerymen with two howitzers M-102.

In a short time, they fired 90 rounds of shells, shooting the headquarters of the 3 Army and the intersection of the main highway. Causing substantial damage to the Egyptians, the detachment was safely evacuated.

Another patrol of special forces was later abandoned to the rear by three cargo helicopters, the helicopters had patrol jeeps with recoilless guns. On these vehicles, the MATKAL fighters attacked the Kutnia airfield.

And already at the end of the war, special forces soldiers stormed the height of Jhibl Atka in the Sinai Peninsula. There was an Egyptian radar. During the assault, the special forces destroyed the 20 Egyptian soldiers without any loss on their part.

The 1973 war of the year was an ordeal for Israel and the army. The first days of the war were a real tragedy and shock.

Nevertheless, the IDF was able to get together and turn the tide of battles on all fronts. Not a small role was played by the actions of special forces that carried out various operations during the war.

The courage and heroism of the special forces often instilled confidence and raised the morale of regular units.

14 April 1974-th MATKAL was waiting for another test. A combined detachment of sixty fighters from the IDF Mountaineers unit and the special forces of the General Staff stormed the Syrian strong point at an altitude of more than 2800 - the top of Mount Hermon.

During the fierce battle, 12 Syrian fighters were killed a few more were captured. On the Israeli side, there were about 30 wounded. The top was taken.


Amiram Levin (right) - the commander of the assault squad who took the top.


5 March 1975-th two boats with Palestinian terrorists moored to the beach of Tel Aviv. Having landed on the embankment, the terrorists opened indiscriminate firing and threw several grenades.

We tried to storm the cinema, but it did not work. Then the terrorists ran further along the embankment and seized the Savoy Hotel. And again they demanded the release of the terrorists from prisons.

Four groups of MATKAL stormed the hotel, killed seven and captured one, but during the assault eight hostages and a special forces soldier were killed. In addition, the former commander of the detachment was killed, and at that time, the commander of the landing brigade Uzi Yairi, who arrived independently at the scene and joined the assault.

Such heavy casualties were partly the result of the bombing of terrorists by crushing the upper floors. The ship that landed the terrorists was intercepted thirty miles from Haifa by naval forces.
Author:
Originator:
http://zbroya.info/ru/blog/38549_istoriia-izrailskogo-spetsnaza-chast-tretia/
Articles from this series:
The history of the Israeli special forces. Part one
The history of the Israeli special forces. Part two
The history of the Israeli special forces. Part three
The history of the Israeli special forces. Part Four - Flotilla 13
The history of the Israeli special forces. Part Five - YAMAM
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  1. Lech from our city
    Lech from our city 18 October 2013 09: 32 New
    +9
    The ISRAELIANs always had good intelligence.
    They knew a lot, had and have good agents among their enemies.
    In general, one can summarize ISRAELI special forces one of the best special services in the world.
    1. cdrt
      cdrt 18 October 2013 18: 37 New
      +5
      What can I say - the heroes of their country, well done.
      The raid on Entebbe, the elimination of Black September - are generally legends.

      By the way, in what other country are the former and current prime ministers, former special forces heroes (Barak, Netanyahu)
      1. Massik
        Massik 18 October 2013 23: 12 New
        +2
        Yes, it is enviable, unlike our leaders, whom we ourselves have put on our necks ...
  2. The comment was deleted.
  3. Volkolak
    Volkolak 18 October 2013 09: 48 New
    +1
    Question to the moderators: Does the site’s rules contradict uploading photos of killed people?
    Pay attention to the expression on Ehud Barak's face as he drags the corpse of a murdered person.
    1. Ruslan_F38
      Ruslan_F38 18 October 2013 14: 23 New
      -3
      Quote: VOLKOLAK
      Question to the moderators: Does the site’s rules contradict uploading photos of killed people?
      Pay attention to the expression on Ehud Barak's face as he drags the corpse of a murdered person.


      What are you, they have with the moderators full consensus and understanding that local Jews can not others. however, this rule works not only here on the site, but also in life. Enjoy double standards. hi
      His face reflects his essence, the essence of everything Israeli - namely, hatred of everyone except his beloved ones. I am sure he doesn’t understand that he killed a man, even an enemy, that this murder is above all.
      1. Volkolak
        Volkolak 18 October 2013 14: 35 New
        0
        Quote: Ruslan_F38
        What are you, they have with the moderators full consensus and understanding that local Jews can not others. however, this rule works not only here on the site, but also in life. Enjoy double standards.

        I understood this from yesterday's deletions of my posts. Interpreted it by flood. God-chosen posts are in place, they have an order of magnitude more flood.
        Quote: Ruslan_F38
        His face reflects his essence, the essence of everything Israeli - namely, hatred of everyone except his beloved ones.

        Well, not only I noticed.
        PS
        Our dialogue will be erased like a flood. laughing
      2. Witold
        Witold 18 October 2013 18: 30 New
        +5
        Quote: Ruslan_F38
        I am sure he doesn’t understand that he killed a man, even an enemy, that this murder is above all.

        Do you want to see Russian fighters in Chechnya dragging killed "spirits" tied by their legs to the BMP?
        1. svp67
          svp67 18 October 2013 18: 31 New
          0
          Quote: Vitold
          Do you want to see Russian fighters in Chechnya dragging killed "spirits" tied by their legs to the BMP?

          ????? And show and PROVE ...
          1. Lopatov
            Lopatov 18 October 2013 18: 51 New
            +6
            It also happened. But this is not a fact of disrespect for the body. Dragged to a safe place to pack. This is not particularly spread, but there was a practice of exchanging corpses and exchanges of corpses for prisoners through the elders, both in the first and second war.

            It seems that some of the human rights activists saw this and powerfully hysterical about the "atrocities of the Russian military"
            1. svp67
              svp67 18 October 2013 18: 53 New
              +1
              Quote: Spade
              But this is not a fact of disrespect for the body.

              They don’t forgive such things ...
          2. Massik
            Massik 18 October 2013 23: 14 New
            +2
            Yes, dragged, snipers with armored personnel carriers tore into the 1st Chechen, for those who from captivity to the side threw a grenade into cowards, in comparison with the fact that they created these flowers ...
        2. Ruslan_F38
          Ruslan_F38 18 October 2013 20: 26 New
          +1
          Quote: Vitold
          Do you want to see Russian fighters in Chechnya dragging killed "spirits" tied by their legs to the BMP?


          Well, you, I’m not so bloodthirsty unlike your barracks, this is not the first time for him to engage in looting, undress and examine corpses.
          But in principle, why not see how your leader says there is pimply: evidence?
    2. svp67
      svp67 18 October 2013 18: 37 New
      +3
      Quote: VOLKOLAK
      Pay attention to the expression on Ehud Barak's face as he drags the corpse of a murdered person.

      Photo, of course, is not the place, but this is the truth of life, and who said that he was pulling him somewhere? Documents, samples of weapons and equipment think they just get it. Here it is, "rough" intelligence work ...
  4. scientist
    scientist 18 October 2013 09: 50 New
    +8
    Quote: Lech from our city
    The ISRAELIANs always had good intelligence.

    The Israeli government has long realized that if you want to push the war away from your borders, you need to invest serious funding in the development of an external agent network, agents of influence and deversion groups. At the same time, not limiting himself to any moral and ethical standards when acting on foreign territory.
  5. Katsin1
    Katsin1 18 October 2013 10: 22 New
    +4
    The first issue of special forces military intelligence MATKAL 1958g. Please note that some of the fighters have a characteristic eastern appearance, the second part of the fighters with a European appearance. In this photo, Arnan himself (standing second from left), also the future Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak - (sitting third from right).


    Amendment to the second photograph - it could not be 1958. Ehud Barak born in 1942 and accordingly called in 1960
    1. Ingvar 72
      Ingvar 72 18 October 2013 11: 48 New
      +2
      Quote: Katsin1
      Please note that some of the fighters have a characteristic eastern appearance, the second part of fighters with a European appearance.

      Sephardic and Ashkenazi
    2. Pimply
      Pimply 18 October 2013 13: 54 New
      0
      It should be added here that the first matkal was in many ways "Sephardic", less prestigious. The people did not really burst there. In particular, the number of awards to Barak is associated with this - awards were received for operations, in general, standard for special forces of that time. The truly elite division became closer to the end of the 60s.

      Well, here it is worth paying attention - initially this is a diversionary unit, not sharpened on the release of hostages.
      It, in general, now makes the main emphasis on this, although there is also development of the release of hostages.
  6. faraon
    faraon 18 October 2013 10: 46 New
    +7
    The Doomsday War for Israel showed that, the time of the classical wars was long gone, Israel changed tactics, he began to work ahead of schedule. The state placed the main emphasis on foreign intelligence Mossad, as well as on operational specials. units, since they showed the best side in military conflicts, both in operational and tactical terms. Against the background of army units, they have their own special units that are capable of reconnaissance, sabotage, and demoralize enemy lines. Now, in fact, the whole world knows that fighters of special units of Israel will get anyone if circumstances require it. However, without bothering with moral and ethical standards, since there are reasons for this, terrorists of all stripes do not bother with these standards, but you can defeat the enemy only by adopting his tactics, this can be said about all the operations of Israel. This is the East, not Europe, here verbiage is taken for weakness, and respect strength.
    1. Pimply
      Pimply 18 October 2013 13: 55 New
      +7
      Quote: faraon
      The Doomsday War for Israel showed that, the time of the classical wars was long gone, Israel changed tactics, he began to work ahead of the curve.

      Not quite right. Israel has previously been proactive. It's just that the Doomsday War has classically shown what a bulging nose leads to.
  7. roial
    18 October 2013 11: 26 New
    +8

    Speaking of prime ministers, this is perhaps the only example in world history where two future prime ministers stormed the plane at once - Benjamin Netanyahu and Ehud Barak.


    If you take it off, I don’t know a single member of the government of either Russia or Ukraine who defended the interests of their country in this way (with the exception of Putin, he is probably the only one), and since you don’t look, he squinted, he ousted from the army, and the rest of the hogs they are only ready to fill their pockets, for them, the HOMELAND is empty, a means of profit.

    ambushed a convoy of senior Syrian army officers, capturing five prisoners and destroying the Lebanese soldiers accompanying them. The officers were abducted in order to exchange them for an Israeli pilot and several other Israeli prisoners on board the mechanics of the Air Force.


    I have no words. Keep it up.

    And the day before in Athens, a grenade was thrown into an EL-AL aircraft and fired from automatic weapons. Two days later, the Israeli army retaliated with a daring retaliation operation that destroyed all 14 aircraft of three Arab airlines.


    And what did our government do after Budenovsk, Nord-Ost, blown up houses ???? There was practically NOTHING, as a result of which the unbridled bandits did what they wanted.

    True, under Putin, the special forces intensified a bit, it was destroyed, a lot of bandits were taken prisoner but the scale is not the same, you need to follow the principles of life for life.
    1. Ingvar 72
      Ingvar 72 18 October 2013 11: 50 New
      +2
      Quote: roial
      If you take it off, I don’t know a single member of the government of either Russia or Ukraine who defended the interests of their country in this way (with the exception of Putin, he is probably the only one)

      You just killed a phrase about Putin. fool
      1. faraon
        faraon 18 October 2013 12: 07 New
        +2
        Why did he kill?, Foreign intelligence and counterintelligence is not Khukhra Mukhra and the rank of colonel is the same just for the sake of service there is not given to the elite of the army.
        1. Ingvar 72
          Ingvar 72 18 October 2013 14: 18 New
          +4
          Quote: faraon
          Why did he kill?, Foreign intelligence and counterintelligence is not Khukhra Mukhra and the rank of colonel is the same just for the sake of service there is not given to the elite of the army.

          Yes, because Putininoids are sick of it. Togo and look God save the king will sing. All that is good is attributed to GDP, and what is bad is LADY. It’s already time to realize that they are in the same team, and the contradictions between them are a tale about the bad and good cops. Your worst president has done much more for Israel than this sweet couple for Russia. hi
          1. Volkolak
            Volkolak 18 October 2013 14: 37 New
            0
            Quote: Ingvar 72
            It’s already time to realize that they are in the same team, and the contradictions between them are a tale about the bad and good cops.


            It's time to understand - for them we are goyim,
            It's time to understand - for them we are cattle,
            And we all grumble, grumble: "What is it?"
            And we all think: "We are just unlucky!"

            We all regret: "They chose the wrong one!"
            There will be elections, so we will choose "that"
            We do not know that the bandits calculated:
            Kagal everything, the Slavs - nothing.

            We are delirious, with our eyes closed,
            We chew all the fables of democracy ...
            Laughing with them, crying with their tears
            We recklessly shackle ourselves forging.

            Come to your senses, Slav, break the bonds of slavery!
            All games with Satan are deadly!
            To raise the state from dust,
            Drive the filthy with a strong broom.

            Nikolay Bogolyubov
            1. Pimply
              Pimply 18 October 2013 14: 41 New
              +3
              Quote: VOLKOLAK
              It's time to understand - for them we are goyim,
              It's time to understand - for them we are cattle,
              And we all grumble, grumble: "What is it?"
              And we all think: “We just have no luck!


              The KVN team, the Bataysk team, had a wonderful scene. "The dove that learns nothing."
              1. The comment was deleted.
                1. Pimply
                  Pimply 18 October 2013 15: 31 New
                  +1
                  Quote: VOLKOLAK
                  Yeah, like that. Take a screen.

                  Are you proud to have found my blog, which I did not hide? 8) Congratulations, you discovered the Internet.
          2. Massik
            Massik 18 October 2013 23: 19 New
            +2
            Were you president? Try at least just to sit in a chair in this mess, let alone rule the country. Correctly say "What we do not store, having lost crying" will sit down some really "activist" disperse the army, pump out and sell the entire territory, here you cry where is Putin?
    2. Katsin1
      Katsin1 18 October 2013 12: 46 New
      0
      Chechnya also pays tribute
      1. Volkolak
        Volkolak 18 October 2013 13: 44 New
        +1
        Quote: Katsin1
        Chechnya also pays tribute

        Yah! Did your relative, the late Boris Abramovich, send cookies to them?
        1. Katsin1
          Katsin1 18 October 2013 14: 20 New
          +4
          Our relative Berezovsky was a cross, and the baptized Jews are no longer Jews. And to whom do we have the right to our own scum and villains, as well as any other people
          1. Pancho
            Pancho 18 October 2013 21: 45 New
            +2
            And the people also say: "Healed horse, that baptized Jew",
    3. svp67
      svp67 18 October 2013 13: 44 New
      +2
      Quote: roial
      and since you don’t look he squinted, he otmazatsya from the army,

      For the sake of interest, I went through the biographies of our office of ministers, here's what I found:
      Igor Ivanovich Shuvalov. First Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation. 1985-1987 - service in the ranks of the Soviet Army.
      Alexander Vladimirovich Konovalov, Minister of Justice of the Russian Federation. In 1986-1988 years - service in the ranks of the Soviet Army.
      Vladimir Andreevich Puchkov, Minister of the Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Disaster Management. From 1975 to 1979 he was a cadet of the Tyumen Higher Military Engineering Command School. From 1979 to 1983. - Service in the engineering forces in the Far Eastern Military District.
      Anton Germanovich Siluanov. Minister of Finance of the Russian Federation. 1987 to 1989 - service in the Soviet army.
      Igor Nikolaevich Slyunyaev. Minister of Regional Development of the Russian Federation. In 1984 – 1986 he served in the army.
      Maxim Yurievich Sokolov, Minister of Transport of the Russian Federation. 1987 to 1989 served in the army.
      In principle, I was not surprised, it all depends on when the person was born and he was called up in the USSR before the 1990 year, if so, then there is a mark about the service, but no, then no ....
      1. roial
        18 October 2013 13: 53 New
        +3
        In those days, many served as an urgent, but it was military officers, generals, and special services officers who, through their actions, proved Loyalty to their country ZERO.

        I'm not even talking about "young and promising personnel"
  8. nazgul-ishe
    nazgul-ishe 18 October 2013 13: 23 New
    +5
    Before the "soldiers" they put an order and they fulfill it perfectly, they are great. The one who gives these orders will not give them and will not bring them to court. And the article about the formation of the unit "where the hosh will find and cut his throat" nationality is superfluous here.
  9. Ahmed Osmanov
    Ahmed Osmanov 18 October 2013 13: 34 New
    +4
    The Israeli special forces have always aroused my admiration. For killed Israeli citizens carried out filigree operations to capture or destroy militants. What is one preparation and selection for the 13th flotilla (naval saboteurs)? In order to get into the 13th flotilla, you need to go through 3,5 years of various kinds of training, and it’s not a fact that they will. This is by far the longest training among special forces around the world. Sincerely.
    1. Pimply
      Pimply 18 October 2013 13: 58 New
      +3
      Quote: Akhmed Osmanov
      In order to get into the 13 flotilla you need to go through the 3,5 of the year of various kinds of training and it’s not a fact that they will be accepted. This is by far the longest training among special forces around the world. Sincerely.

      As far as I remember, the training is still shorter - the standard for the special year is eight and eight, plus a year and two coordination - here. Those who go to special equipment sign a contract for a year and a half and a minimum.
    2. atalef
      atalef 18 October 2013 14: 04 New
      +4
      Quote: Akhmed Osmanov
      This is by far the longest training among special forces around the world. Sincerely.

      Israeli special forces (and this applies to all units, from the General Staff, Air Force and Navy as well as infantry) - the only one in the world where conscripts are serving. The course of the young fighter is almost 2-2.5 years, then another 2.5 -3.5 years extra long.
      1. Ahmed Osmanov
        Ahmed Osmanov 18 October 2013 14: 22 New
        +2
        Are there special forces consisting solely of officers? A kind of analogue of the special forces of the KGB of the USSR, where only officers served.
        1. atalef
          atalef 18 October 2013 14: 30 New
          +2
          Quote: Akhmed Osmanov
          Are there special forces consisting solely of officers?

          Of the officers, none of the conscripts and officers - as a rule, special police forces - Yamam
          YAMAM (Hebrew ימ"מ, acronym Special Central Unit (יחידה מרכזית מיוחדת, Yehida Merkazit Meyuhadet) is a special unit of the Israel Border Police (MAGAV), the main anti-terrorism unit of the Israeli police.

          and yasam
          YASAM (Hebrew יס"מ) (short for Hebrew יחידת סיור מיוחדת, Yehidat Siyur Meyuhedet - Special Patrol Unit) is a special police unit of Israel.

          The unit's tasks include the detention of especially dangerous criminals, patrolling in the Palestinian territories, suppressing local unrest, dispersing demonstrations. Something between the riot police and SOBR.

          but in Yamas - already conscripts
          JAMAS (Hebrew ימס) (Hebrew יחידת מסתערבים (short for "Yehidat Mistarvim" Secret Unit, literally: Arabs Masked Unit) - special support unit of the Israeli Border Police (MAGAV).

          YAMAS was established in 1987. [source not specified 378 days] The main task of the unit is anti-terrorist activities, ensuring state security against external threats, as a rule, in the border regions and in the Palestinian territories. The main tactical technique is disguising fighters as an Arab population. [1]

          Preparation: 4 months young fighter course [specify], then 13 weeks young fighter course in Yamas, anti-terror course. Also: Arabic language courses and local dialects. Yamas is 378 percent staffed by border police. [Source not specified XNUMX days]

          generally a pretty complete picture of the Israeli special forces here

          http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D0%BF%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%BE%D0%BA_%D1%81%D0%BF%D
          0%B5%D1%86%D0%B8%D0%B0%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0%BD%D1%8B%D1%85_%D0%BF%D0%BE%D0%B4%D1%80%D0
          %B0%D0%B7%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B9#.D0.98.D0.B7.D1.80.D0.B0.D0.
          B8.D0.BB.D1.8C
          1. Ahmed Osmanov
            Ahmed Osmanov 18 October 2013 15: 01 New
            +3
            Thank you for the clarification.
        2. Pimply
          Pimply 18 October 2013 14: 38 New
          +3
          Yes, Yamam. Officers and overseers.

          They created a unit after the tragedy in Maalot.
      2. In the reeds
        In the reeds 20 October 2013 17: 31 New
        -1
        In addition to Yamam, there are professionals. And in my opinion this is the most trump unit.
    3. Rumata
      Rumata 18 October 2013 17: 57 New
      +2
      Quote: Akhmed Osmanov
      In order to get into the 13th flotilla, you need to go through 3,5 years of various kinds of training, and it's not a fact that they will

      In this regard, I was always more impressed by the pilots, although not special forces. but the selection is tough there. 60 people per place, they can be expelled at any time during the first year and 8 months. My friend was sent to the infantry, 3 months before the end of the third stage of the flight school, after which they practically did not drop out.
  10. Pimply
    Pimply 18 October 2013 14: 13 New
    +2
    Speaking of Ehud Barak. Opinion about him (with all his merits) is extremely ambiguous.

    In particular, there is a book by Dr. Uri Milstein, a military historian, who analyzes the person in sufficient detail.

    In the meantime, I will briefly dwell on two typical objections. The first one says: "Five tsalashas (insignia) just do not give." This can only be said by someone who is not at all familiar with the history of the creation of the SM and the shameful devaluation of the Tsalash in the 60 years. For a long time, the CM was considered absolutely redundant, and such chiefs of the General Staff as Haim Laskov and Rafael (Raful) Eitan retained this opinion for the rest of their lives. Created in the 1958 year at the military intelligence department (that is, OUT of combat infantry units), it had a reputation as the fifth spoke in the wheel and did not carry out a single (!) Operation until the 1962 year. None at all.

    When the operations began, the commander of SM Arnan literally begged the Tsalashi from Tsur (chief of staff) and Rabin (deputy), for he saw in them the only opportunity to earn at least some authority for a unit that was not taken seriously by anyone. The first Tsalash Barak received in 1962 for the first SM operation, which consisted in installing wiretapping on the Syrian telephone line three kilometers from the border. There was no battle, no physical contact with the enemy. They entered, put a “cricket”, left, Barack received a feast. Considering that the special forces of the landing, Golani and Nakhalya practiced such (and five times deeper) approaches simply as a training and without any bruises, it is clear that the rewarding of Barak caused bewilderment.

    The next two tsarashas Barak also received for crickets - this time in the Sinai (63 and 64 years). The SM fighters were delivered to the installation site by helicopter. Navigators and Air Force mechanics were outraged: why did they give only to Barack and his people? In fact, the pilots risked no less. As a result, they got tsalashi! As Air Force Colonel Yaakov Agasi wrote later, “given that in real military conditions some of those noted behaved like cowards, this was a real disgrace.” The fourth Tsalash Barak received for the operation already described in Beirut, the fifth - in total, for the successful command of the SM.

    To make it a little clearer, in Israel there are only three medals for the military, and 4 insignia (tsalash). For war no more than one medal can be awarded in principle.

    In addition to tsalash, Barak has a medal "For Distinction". In general, given the rarity of awards in Israel as a whole, he became the most decorated soldier in the IDF.

    However, Milshtein is a fairly tough and radical companion in his judgments (albeit quite objective and corrosive), and it should be read by comparing with other sources.
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. Pimply
        Pimply 18 October 2013 14: 39 New
        +4
        Quote: Ingvar 72
        http://topwar.ru/uploads/images/2013/173/qwic247.jpg Этим тоже награды давали за точечные рейды и спецоперации.

        As I understand it, do you want to take the topic to flood? I have already sent an administration notification.
      2. Revolver
        Revolver 19 October 2013 02: 47 New
        +2
        Quote: Ingvar 72
        http://topwar.ru/uploads/images/2013/173/qwic247.jpg

        A photo from your family album? Well, as they say, an apple from an apple tree.
    2. Witold
      Witold 18 October 2013 18: 51 New
      +2
      Quote: Pimply
      For war no more than one medal can be awarded in principle.

      You're not right. For the first Lebanese I got 2 medals. One of them is for taking a network of pillboxes at the intersection of Nabatiya-Kfar Roman roads.
      1. Katsin1
        Katsin1 18 October 2013 23: 27 New
        0
        And אפוד you have there Jobnikovsky, comrade ...
        1. Pimply
          Pimply 19 October 2013 00: 57 New
          0
          Quote: Katsin1
          And אפוד you have there Jobnikovsky, comrade ..

          Less categorical. The ephod of 1982 was very different from the one with which we served. Jobniks in 2000s served with real 80's combat efects
        2. Witold
          Witold 20 October 2013 19: 45 New
          0
          אפודים חדשים was given only to conscripts, and I was a sweetheart.
    3. Witold
      Witold 18 October 2013 18: 54 New
      +5
      Quote: Pimply
      For war no more than one medal can be awarded in principle.

      You are not right. For the first Lebanese I received 2 medals. One of them is for taking a network of pillboxes at the intersection of Nabatiya-Kfar Roman roads. Then and now
      1. Pimply
        Pimply 18 October 2013 19: 41 New
        +1
        Quote: Vitold
        You are not right. For the first Lebanese I received 2 medals. One of them is for taking a network of pillboxes at the intersection of Nabatiya-Kfar Roman roads. Then and now

        Tsalash or medals? Obtaining Tsalash is not regulated, it is the number of medals that is regulated
        1. Witold
          Witold 20 October 2013 19: 47 New
          +1
          You're right. One medal and one feast.
  11. phantom359
    phantom359 19 October 2013 00: 02 New
    +2
    Well trained and competent fighters. There is much to learn. Krav Maga is worth it. whoever disagrees - let him try, a very effective type of struggle. And mocking the dead, of course, is not good, but in the war they have their own laws, their opponent is not a cake in this regard either.
  12. falcon
    falcon 19 October 2013 02: 54 New
    -2
    I carefully read the first and second parts of this laudatory opus. Impressive impressions.
    Sorry! To blow up several houses with civilians (so that the rest would be science?), As
    it reminds of Belarus in 42-43 years! There are the same "best sons" (only a different nation)
    conducted similar "retaliation operations" with the same "heroism and courage." And then
    they also awarded each other with medals, and of course for "valor in the fight against the enemies of the Fatherland"
    (and also, probably, no more than one medal for a burnt village). Surprised by the Administration
    resource, such articles can be safely qualified as propaganda of "crimes against
    humanity. "I understand many members of the forum who were outraged by this article. I hope that
    in the morning there will be no continuation of this "heroic" epic, smoothly moving towards Sabra.
    1. faraon
      faraon 19 October 2013 12: 38 New
      +1
      how wrong you are to me, and I will explain why.
      The fact is that at that time, the Arab population was very impudent towards the newly created state of Israel. Impunity degenerated in almost everything from theft to attacks on Yeshuvs (settlements), plunder, rather than no one, no matter how old or old. gang raids began to organize self-defense units and special forces. These actions were carried out in response to the actions that the Jordanians carried out after which nothing was left alive. These were demonstrative actions of collective punishment, which led to their results. The attacks on the Ishuwas stopped, the attack on the Jews stopped, because the opposite side understood that any provocation on their part would be brutally suppressed, War is war.
      At this time, acts of intimidation are not carried out. But at that time it was a necessity. Put in place the presumptuous and impudent Jordanian government.

      Well, the last purely religious base, Eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, the Jordanian population knew about it, since religious movements and basic shepherds are largely similar.
  13. And Us Rat
    And Us Rat 8 November 2013 08: 54 New
    0
    Quote: Katsin1
    And אפוד you have there Jobnikovsky, comrade ...


    This is not an ephod, but a hagor, and in general, do me a favor - tie it up with the comments off topic, or else about us by the way you are judged. "Katsin" negative