Military Review

A few words about "The Queen Elizabeth"

25





In 2007, the UK government approved the construction program for two new aircraft carriers. They will be the biggest warships for all the rich history fleet Her Majesty. The Queen Elizabeth and Prince of Wales aircraft carriers will be based on JSF class F-35 Lightning II aircraft (40 units) in a ship-based version currently under development.

New aircraft carriers are being built as a replacement for the incumbent light aircraft carriers of the Invincible type, of which only one Illastries are currently in service, they are planning to write it off in 2015 after completing the Queen Elizabeth

And now about the process of construction. Seeing for the first time pictures of how it is built, I was surprised - how so? One part is built here, the other is there, the third is somewhere far away. Then all the parts of the hull were brought to one large dock and there they began to connect. The scheme is very interesting, and as I later realized, it is more economical than building the entire ship in one factory.

Transportation of one of the sections of the aircraft carrier to the company, where all sections will be connected.


The production program was distributed as follows: 60% of work is performed by 4 English shipyards - Gowen Shipyard of BAE Systems (hull section No. 4); Barrow Shipyard of the same company (Section No. 3); BVT Portsmouth (Section No. 2); Babcock Appledore and Rosyth (nose section number 1). Babcock is responsible for the final assembly of the sections. The remaining 40% of the production program was distributed among small contractors.

Set in the dock.


Another interesting feature of this aircraft carrier is the superstructure. It is supposed to install two small add-ins. In the front superstructure will be located ship control services, on the back - flight control.
The advantage of the architecture with two add-ons is to increase the deck area, reduce turbulent air flow, more flexible distribution of space on the lower decks. The location of flight control services in the rear part of the deck is preferable, since it allows you to more fully control critical flight phases such as the approach and the landing itself.

The photo connects two sections of the ship and completes the nose.


It is very convenient that the ship can take off and land at the same time!



The ship has two Rolls-Royce Marine MT30 gas turbine generators with a capacity of 36 MW each and four diesel generators with a total power of 40 MW. Also four electric motors on 20 MW. working tandem on two shafts.



Let's go back to the construction. In July, 2012, the first section was built in Portsmouth. If you believe the promises, then by the spring the hull will be assembled and the ship will lead to the water.

One of the superstructures of the ship, in the photo below it is already finished and it is forwarded to the company where the ship is being assembled.


Above, I began to say that building a ship at various enterprises is profitable. I'll try to explain why. This technology is generally peculiar to the West. The construction of units at one enterprise, the saturation for them at another, and the assembly at the third - the shipyard itself. Everyone is busy with his business.



In Russia, everything is different, everything is done at the same factory, well, only steel is brought. Sometimes it happens that a lot of workers are simply not needed during the whole ship building cycle. Western technology is convenient because there is no single bosses, as well as the opportunity to take additional orders.



I like Western technology, but I am sure that it will not be possible to organize it here. Do not share the same factory.



A picture that may soon become not a graphic, but a reality.


Who is interested in this topic, you can watch this wonderful video below :)

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http://modern-warfare.livejournal.com/1235872.html
25 comments
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  1. Revolver
    Revolver 15 October 2013 07: 10
    +8
    And it seemed that the UK was already really producing nothing but whiskey. No, look, you have not forgotten how to finish.
    1. Su-9
      Su-9 15 October 2013 08: 06
      +1
      They will do the ships. But there are so far a lot of problems with airplanes that will not be solved in the coming years.
    2. xetai9977
      xetai9977 15 October 2013 08: 36
      +9
      The British have always been good sailors and deny it from the evil one. The construction is impressive. The aircraft carrier is really a colossus.
      1. old man54
        old man54 16 October 2013 06: 08
        0
        Quote: xetai9977
        The British have always been good sailors and deny it from the evil one.

        not always, read the story carefully, before the conquest of England by the Dutch, they built floating coffins, even they recognize this!
    3. vahatak
      vahatak 15 October 2013 12: 59
      0
      And it seemed to me that the rules of the site prohibit distorting the name of states and peoples.
    4. vjhbc
      vjhbc 15 October 2013 23: 05
      +2
      this United Kingdom still controls the whole world and the myth that it does today the USA is also invented by them
      Quote: Nagan
      And it seemed that the UK was already really producing nothing but whiskey. No, look, you have not forgotten how to finish.
  2. Rurikovich
    Rurikovich 15 October 2013 08: 05
    +1
    They do everything in a specific way. After all, everyone pokes a finger at the former "mistress of the seas" about their own insolvency - so they are "puffed up" to bungle something, which against the background of "Nimitz" will not look as wretched as "Illastries" laughing
  3. pinecone
    pinecone 15 October 2013 08: 31
    +2
    Sectional assembly in shipbuilding is far from new. Take, for example, the construction of German submarines during the 2nd World War.
  4. Alexey
    Alexey 15 October 2013 08: 59
    +3
    "I began to say above that building a ship at different enterprises is profitable. I'll try to explain why. This technology is generally characteristic of the West. The construction of blocks at one enterprise, saturation for them at another, and assembly at a third - the actual shipyard. Everyone is busy with their own business.

    In Russia, everything is different, everything is done at one plant, well, only steel is brought in. Sometimes it happens that many workers are simply not needed throughout the entire construction cycle of the ship. Western technology is convenient because there is no single boss, and it also becomes possible to take additional orders. "

    What nonsense. This is called the word cooperation and in our country it is also very developed. In the USSR, with the massive construction of ships, hundreds of enterprises were engaged in this. No shipyard will produce diesel, cable products, etc. etc.
    1. 77bor1973
      77bor1973 15 October 2013 10: 03
      +2
      As far as we know, about 80 enterprises participated in the construction of "Riga". Build such a colossus at one enterprise "the navel will be untied."
  5. svskor80
    svskor80 15 October 2013 09: 01
    +2
    The bourgeoisie seems to have not enough money, they are cutting social expenses, and they are solving budget crises. But it turns out that they do not save on weapons. So the British soon a decent aircraft carrier will appear, will be than help Americans in the process of democratization of the world community.
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 15 October 2013 09: 49
      +3
      Save, even like. To complete this aircraft carrier, they wrote off fifty Tornadoes at once, and the remaining hundred were written off by the year 2015. They slaughtered the Global Combat Ship - deciding that frigates of the 23 type (still the Iron Lady was building) will last until the 20 of the year. The aircraft carriers and the Harriers were written off for them, because there is no money for another repair.

      For aircraft carriers, Cameron said that Britain would pull only 1. There are several usage plans:
      - Using Queen Elizabeth, then with the commissioning of the Prince, the Queen is canned and used only by the Prince.
      - The use of Queen Elizabeth in the common forces of the EU. So far, only France and Germany agree to this, but there is a lot of money for three, they are still looking for those who wish.
      1. i.xxx-1971
        i.xxx-1971 1 December 2013 23: 34
        0
        Great Britain, the USA and the European Union print money as much as they need. Talk about saving for kids and clinical idiots.
      2. i.xxx-1971
        i.xxx-1971 1 December 2013 23: 34
        0
        Great Britain, the USA and the European Union print money as much as they need. Talk about saving for kids and clinical idiots.
    2. vahatak
      vahatak 15 October 2013 13: 02
      0
      Or maybe we stop believing in fairy tales and finally admit that the bourgeois have more money than you and I?
      1. biglow
        biglow 15 October 2013 16: 02
        0
        Quote: vahatak
        Or maybe we stop believing in fairy tales and finally admit that the bourgeois have more money than you and I?

        in Armenia still believe that money is happiness?
      2. i.xxx-1971
        i.xxx-1971 1 December 2013 23: 36
        0
        If smart people around the world allow me to become the only emission center, I will amaze your imagination with the size of my wealth.
      3. i.xxx-1971
        i.xxx-1971 1 December 2013 23: 36
        0
        If smart people around the world allow me to become the only emission center, I will amaze your imagination with the size of my wealth.
  6. samoletil18
    samoletil18 15 October 2013 16: 07
    -2
    The technology is somehow strange.
    Instead of "Mistrals" Serdyukov did not catch sight of what? I think they would be useful off the Syrian coast. On the Black Sea, as a floating base for fighter aircraft, On the Caspian, as a patrol ship indicating the direction of oil pipelines from Azerbaijan ...
    When does the Guarantor of the constitution make this whole gang force the Motherland to love?
  7. xomaNN
    xomaNN 15 October 2013 16: 34
    0
    As for the sectional construction. Since Soviet times, submarine sections have been built and saturated with equipment in parts at the NSR, and then before launching everything is connected into one.
    And from modern practice - for "Mistral" the first in the series, the aft sections are made in St. Petersburg at the shipyard, and the rest of the hull is made in France. There is a division of labor in our court industry.
  8. bif
    bif 15 October 2013 17: 12
    0
    Thanks to the author for the photo facts. The construction of any aircraft carrier is a grand and fascinating process. I think about construction technologies, and without me they noticed that the USSR and the Russian Federation also support a huge number of enterprises. As for this aircraft carrier, it is hard to believe in its construction, even if they finish, then there will be no full-fledged combat unit. The lack of money for construction is shown by the total removal from service of warships, aircraft, submarines, etc. Even because of the economy, they made it Non-nuclear. Even if they make this expensive toy, then its maintenance is a fortune and an unacceptable luxury in conditions of impoverishment. So it will "live" at the pier ... I will not even talk about the prospects of the "golden" f-35v flying with difficulty. So Queen Ilizabeth is a dead-born project.
    1. 77bor1973
      77bor1973 15 October 2013 18: 54
      -1
      Please note on the aircraft carrier not even KTU, but diesel engines. And this is on a ship with a displacement of 80000 tons - "pocket aircraft carrier" of some kind.
      1. spravochnik
        spravochnik 15 October 2013 21: 34
        -1
        Not diesel engines, but gas turbines.
  9. Takashi
    Takashi 15 October 2013 17: 24
    0
    Here is another example of the division of labor:
    For the watchtower / frigate under construction: in Komsomolsk-on-Amur - the building, and superstructures - are distilled already from the Baltic factory. Cooperation on 7000 km.

    I just want to write - "economy however"
    1. spravochnik
      spravochnik 15 October 2013 21: 40
      +2
      Not from the Baltic, but from the Middle Nevsky. And not a frigate, but a corvette is being built in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. His superstructure is made of composites, so it is manufactured at the Sredne-Nevsky Plant, which since Soviet times has specialized in plastic ships (trawls) and has the appropriate technology (manufacturing of large-sized plastic structures). He is an add-on and makes for St. Petersburg corvettes.
  10. BITL_DJUS
    BITL_DJUS 16 October 2013 09: 05
    0
    All the same, two add-ons, something is not right
    but it was impossible one high.
  11. moremansf
    moremansf 16 October 2013 11: 24
    +2
    Nevertheless, they themselves stand, and do not buy abroad, thereby providing jobs for their own, retaining personnel in shipbuilding ...