As is known, the Chinese HQ-9 long-range air defense system “Red Flag” became the winner of the Turkish T-Loramids tender, winning the competition from the American Patriot system, the Russian C-400 and the European Aster, mil.news.sina.com.cn.
The FD-2000 is an export version of the HQ-9 ADMS. It is wrong to assume that this complex is a copy of the Russian C-300. Russia showed C-300 for the first time at the Moscow Airshow in 1992, in 1993, deliveries of complexes to China began (according to other data, in 1996), after which Beijing began building its own HQ-9 complex, development continued for almost 15 years. Probably in the middle of the development stage, later Russian technologies were used.
But the differences are striking. The HQ-9 rocket has a total length of 6,51 m as compared to 7,5 m for the 48Н6 С-300 SAM (Western designation SA-10). The Chinese complex has a maximum firing range of about 125 km, a target height of 18000 m, an average damage range from 7 to 50 km at altitudes from 1000 to 18000 m, a minimum impact height of 25 m, a range of damage to ballistic targets from 7 to 25 km at altitudes from 2000 to 15000 m, maximum rocket overload during 22g maneuvering.
The HQ-9 complex incorporates a CJ-202 phased-array radar fire control system (PAR), an improved version of the radar used in the KS-1 complex (this air defense system has the military designation HQ-12 - approx. "VP") . The antenna has an azimuth of 120 hail, peak power of 1 MW, average power of 60 kW, detection range of 300 km, can simultaneously monitor 100 targets, perform automatic threat assessment and ensure simultaneous shelling of six targets.
The number of missiles on the PU is the same as that of the C-300 (four transport-launch containers), the missiles are fired from the container in a “cold way” using a steam and gas generator. PU is located on the four-axle all-terrain chassis of domestic development and production. Missile launches can occur at intervals of about 5 seconds.
The brigade consists of six battalions, each of which is equipped with its own command vehicle and radar fire control. The battalion is equipped with 8 PU, the number of missiles ready to launch is 32.
The export version of the complex uses a more modern HT-233 fire control radar, each antenna consists of 1000 or more phase shifters, average radiation power 60 kW, peak power 1 MW, maximum target tracking distance (aircraft) 120 km or more, control of the electron beam It is produced in the 120 range in the horizontal gradient and 65 grad in the vertical direction, and is capable of simultaneously tracking up to the 100 targets and targeting 50.