Military Review

Armor of the future: plastic and non-deformable

72
Specialists from Rice University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology continue to work on a new generation of armor, which will be much lighter and stronger than steel and any modern composites.


Recently, lead project researcher Ned Thomas has demonstrated recent advances in this area. The piece of transparent plastic several centimeters thick looked especially impressive. In this piece of polyurethane, like flies in amber, 9-mm bullets were stuck, with no signs of deformation on the reverse side of the armor plate were observed. Moreover, even the cracks are not visible on the transparent “washer”, just circles, as if from a stone thrown into the water.

Polymer washer easily stopped three 9-mm bullets, without even cracking
Polymer washer easily stopped three 9-mm bullets, without even cracking


The goal of researchers is to find new ways to make materials resistant to deformation. These durable and lightweight materials will be useful in body armor, jet engines, for propeller blades, lining spacecraft, etc.

A unique material was obtained during the study of the behavior of polymers at the nanoscale. To do this, scientists have created a sample of polystyrene-polydimethylsiloxane diblock copolymer. This material is independently assembled from 20-nanometer layers of glassy and "rubber" polymers. Then, using a scanning electron microscope, scientists were able to see the effect on a given 3-mm polymer glass spherical bullets accelerated to speeds of 0,5-5 kilometers per second.

As a result, it turned out that with a perpendicular impact to the laminate, the energy of the bullet is absorbed much better. Scientists have discovered that at the moment a bullet hit, a part of the polymer heated to fractions of a second to 3000 degrees Celsius and melted, thereby taking a significant portion of the energy of the bullet.

After numerous experiments, the scientists managed to create polymeric transparent armor capable of effectively stopping bullets and debris. When hit high-speed bullets, the layered material melts and turns into a homogeneous liquid. As a result, the bullet rapidly loses energy and gets stuck inside the armored plate. Then the liquid hardens again, and the armored plate remains transparent.

Scientists are currently experimenting with the addition of various “deserved” armor materials to the polymer armor, such as boron nitride and carbon nanotubes. The main problem for the introduction of revolutionary armor is still a large-scale production of materials with precise control of their nano and microstructure.
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72 comments
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  1. Lech from our city
    Lech from our city 11 October 2013 07: 09
    11
    The eternal struggle of the shield and the sword is now the turn for the response of the cartridge manufacturers (it is necessary to develop plastic bullets hehe with enhanced characteristics)
    1. xetai9977
      xetai9977 11 October 2013 07: 36
      20
      If meets the stated criteria, a great thing.
      1. Genera
        Genera 11 October 2013 07: 56
        +7
        Posyril roller. No, but where is the shooting of the experiment 10000 ..... frames per second, to confirm the claimed characteristics? After all, they can be deceiving.
        1. aksakal
          aksakal 11 October 2013 08: 36
          11
          Quote: Genera
          Posyril roller. No, but where is the shooting of the experiment 10000 ..... frames per second, to confirm the claimed characteristics? After all, they can be deceiving.

          - Fir-trees, here they have NANO so NANO, there they show results. Even if some of this is true, it is already a worthy achievement. And if they can bring it to a series, that is, create a technology for the large-scale production of materials with precise control of their nano- and microstructure, then there will generally be a brilliant result.
          Putin, compare NANO amers and NANO Russia under the leadership of Chubais! After all, everything is visible at once! And right away you can even see where to dig and why to shoot, and so that everything will be absolutely legal and legitimate. Why delay? Here, either the boy "I don’t rent my own!", Or the interests of the Motherland. Lee Kuan Yew admitted that his friends who were repressed by him still come to him in a dream, but he is reassured by the fact that Singapore is already a developed and rich country with a low level of corruption. Putin, try it!
          1. Stiletto
            Stiletto 11 October 2013 09: 15
            +2
            Well, Chubais will answer them! yes
            1. roial
              roial 11 October 2013 20: 12
              +1
              _________________
        2. Aryan
          Aryan 11 October 2013 09: 40
          +6
          something tells me that she will not be able to stop the slow arrows and spears
          Now I know how they will arm the wars of the future bully
      2. Geisenberg
        Geisenberg 11 October 2013 18: 01
        +2
        Quote: xetai9977
        If meets the stated criteria, a great thing.


        Practical application must be watched. If 3cm holds a 9mm bullet with a speed of 760 m / s, then what thickness is needed for a 30mm cannon shell? 50cm ?? That is a half meter layer?

        This is still a theory whether the practice will be incomprehensible, but the thing is very interesting, of course.
    2. T80UM1
      T80UM1 11 October 2013 08: 44
      +5
      MIT is the forge of engineering personnel in America and the best forge to date.
      1. INTER
        INTER 11 October 2013 09: 03
        +3
        Quote: T80UM1
        MIT is the forge of engineering personnel in America and the best forge to date.

        And we have the best intelligence services in the world, we’ll get it finalized and it will be much better! wassat wassat wassat
        1. tun1313
          tun1313 11 October 2013 11: 02
          +3
          So far, that one body armor will cost like a cast-iron bridge. And it’s difficult to get volumes. Till. But well done, work pogans.
  2. Sunjar
    Sunjar 11 October 2013 07: 12
    +1
    That bright future is not far off. Already imagine the futuristic look of such a body armor or armor, as shown in science fiction films. The idea and the product itself is great. You look at the kinetic barriers that come up with.
    1. T80UM1
      T80UM1 11 October 2013 08: 45
      +3
      plastic against kinetics is good, but against cumulative?
      1. Sunjar
        Sunjar 11 October 2013 08: 57
        0
        Yes Yes Yes. I also thought about it at first. At first I also thought that what equipment they would put on to protect them from shells.
      2. military
        military 11 October 2013 10: 09
        +4
        Quote: T80UM1
        plastic against kinetics is good, but against cumulative?

        but against napalm? ... wink Do you like boiled crayfish? ...
      3. Ezhaak
        Ezhaak 11 October 2013 10: 49
        +4
        Quote: T80UM1
        plastic against kinetics is good, but against cumulative?

        Guys, what kind of cumulative are you talking about? This product is not intended to be used as tank armor.
        These durable and lightweight materials are useful in bulletproof vests, jet engines, for propeller blades, spacecraft lining, etc.
  3. mirag2
    mirag2 11 October 2013 07: 15
    +3
    The armor is already liquid.
    In general, armor with some effect of reducing impact resistance at the first contact opens some perspectives. Is that so?
    1. Aryan
      Aryan 11 October 2013 09: 42
      +3
      The article should have been called differently:
      "Rice University Professionals Learned to Stop Democracy"
  4. a52333
    a52333 11 October 2013 07: 17
    -2
    Something I do not see the scope. Theoretically interesting, but in practice - a transparent tank?
    1. Oskar
      Oskar 11 October 2013 07: 25
      +5
      Additive for color (metallic, for example) will add - and that's it! Or painted on top.
      1. a52333
        a52333 11 October 2013 07: 35
        -3
        Or a transparent gay tank? yes
        1. xetai9977
          xetai9977 11 October 2013 07: 38
          14
          a 52333 Are you tired of these gays? What kind of article - comments with gay impregnations immediately appear ... stop
          1. a52333
            a52333 11 October 2013 07: 43
            +2
            Tired of it. Therefore, teeth and rock. Good morning hi
            great thing
            Comment, maybe I didn’t wake up?
            1. xetai9977
              xetai9977 11 October 2013 07: 46
              +6
              Good morning hi and what to comment on if the news is true, the material will soon remind of itself in the form of military equipment and equipment.
        2. Oskar
          Oskar 11 October 2013 09: 37
          +3
          A crew from "Dom-2" (heterosexual) will ride in a transparent tank. laughing
    2. mirag2
      mirag2 11 October 2013 07: 58
      +3
      You can paint a transparent tank, you can probably introduce a colorant into plastic armor ...
    3. cth; fyn
      cth; fyn 11 October 2013 10: 39
      0
      For example, the T-72 has a polymer armor plate in the frontal part (as part of the combined armor), if its characteristics are improved, then the tank’s overall security will increase, and whether it is transparent or not is not important because it is closed by other armored layers.
      1. Aryan
        Aryan 11 October 2013 17: 24
        0
        but such an invisible tank will be harder for the Chinese to shame
        transparent gel tank will slip out of the hands of the captors
        and it won’t be noticeable where he flopped down on the floor wassat
  5. Valery Neonov
    Valery Neonov 11 October 2013 07: 18
    +6
    "Indescribably happy" angry for the successes of amers in the field of nanotechnology, but I would like to hear about the successes of our nanospecialists, if they are (successes).
    1. Anatole Klim
      Anatole Klim 11 October 2013 07: 24
      +3
      And how did they manage without Chubais?
    2. T80UM1
      T80UM1 11 October 2013 08: 46
      +5
      While liberals and Chubais in nano will not be any success
    3. godun
      godun 11 October 2013 11: 58
      +4
      They (successes) are, you heard how many Rusnano, successfully mastered billions!
  6. shinobi
    shinobi 11 October 2013 07: 19
    +3
    The idea is interesting, promising. But still very expensive. Our scientists, too, announced something like this in the summer.
    1. JonnyT
      JonnyT 11 October 2013 10: 59
      +1
      Well, what do you want, for the future of composites
  7. ReifA
    ReifA 11 October 2013 07: 25
    0
    One nanometer of the joint is a corpse. This technology requires a large production culture. And the price is unclear.
  8. Selendis
    Selendis 11 October 2013 07: 29
    0
    transparent armor made of plastic, and the protection against thermal radiation holds? ;)
  9. SAG
    SAG 11 October 2013 07: 29
    +6
    Do not be surprised! Liquid armor was developed by the Research Institute of Metals and Alloys in my city (Ekb), on the basis of which the 4-5 years ago the tank was going to make body armor even back. The principle is the same - heating and instant solidification, the only difference is that a liquid needs a shell.
    All truth subsided as soon as it began, as always in general sad
    1. Valery Neonov
      Valery Neonov 11 October 2013 08: 42
      +1
      So probably they sold it overseas ... recourse
    2. military
      military 11 October 2013 10: 07
      +1
      Quote: SAG
      The principle is the same - heating and instant solidification, the only difference is that a liquid needs a shell.

      hi By the way, where does the energy release during solidification go? ... what nobody has yet repealed the conservation law ...
  10. Asan Ata
    Asan Ata 11 October 2013 07: 31
    +2
    3000 degrees in a split second? Part of the polymer melted? Maybe charred, evaporated? Have you shown something else? The Americans will lie, but understand us.
    1. Igor39
      Igor39 11 October 2013 07: 39
      +3
      I also thought, but how will plastic keep the cumulative charges? Also melt and solidify quickly?
      1. mirag2
        mirag2 11 October 2013 08: 01
        +2
        Well, cumulative charges and ordinary armor does not hold ... But in general, heating and hardening and then washing out this substance requires energy — if it exceeds the charge energy (cumulative), it will withstand it.
        1. T80UM1
          T80UM1 11 October 2013 08: 48
          +1
          depending on what ordinary armor is, there is ceramic and there is steel homogeneous, and there is from fiberglass
    2. Apollo
      Apollo 11 October 2013 07: 44
      +5
      Quote Specialists from Rice University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology continue to work on a new generation of armor that will be much lighter and stronger than steel and any modern composites.

      It infuriates me ...... that’s why they can, but here in Russia ........ no words, industry sciences were discarded a few years ago, under the USSR, the caste of scientists occupied a privileged position in society and now they are simply insulted am
      1. Lech from our city
        Lech from our city 11 October 2013 07: 51
        +4
        Unfortunately, our SCIENCE is NOW occupied by stupid reforms (history with the RAS) and global projects like SKOLKOVO.
        Those small centers of science (for example, AKADEMGORODOK in NVOSIBIRSK) do not play weather now.
        The policy of the Kremlin leadership in relation to our science is not viable.
        Listen to Zhores ALFEROV correctly thinks the patriarch of our real science.
        1. Valery Neonov
          Valery Neonov 11 October 2013 08: 46
          0
          And not only "reforms": "Rusnano announced that for the first time it sold a stake in one of the projects to a foreign strategic investor. Japanese Sumitomo bought out 16,13% of Russian Quartz LLC, which produces high-purity quartz concentrates for solar energy and microelectronics. Another 16,13% was sold by a partner and co-investor of Rusnano in the project, says a person from one of the parties to the transaction. " request

          [b] [b] Read on: http: //www.vedomosti.ru/tech/news/17170551/kvarcevyj-partner-rosnano [
          / B]
      2. PSih2097
        PSih2097 11 October 2013 08: 35
        0
        Quote: Apollon
        it pisses me off ...... that’s why there they can, but here in Russia ........ no words,

        But who do you think works there? That's why there can, but we do not ...
        1. T80UM1
          T80UM1 11 October 2013 08: 50
          +2
          the best minds of the whole world, because people are not afraid to go to the states, their policy in science is very correct if a talented person is invited to it and all conditions are created.
        2. Apollo
          Apollo 11 October 2013 09: 47
          0
          Quote: PSih2097
          But who do you think works there?


          Of course, the former compatriots.
          1. T80UM1
            T80UM1 11 October 2013 09: 57
            +1
            not only former compatriots, but the whole world color of science.
  11. ia-ai00
    ia-ai00 11 October 2013 07: 49
    +1
    Well, if that's true, then great! Time will pass, and the problems that all of you have raised here will certainly be resolved. To be honest, this site has personally replaced me with a number of print publications, including humorous ones, and I’m going through many issues here on many issues.
  12. xxxMYSTICxxx
    xxxMYSTICxxx 11 October 2013 07: 52
    0
    Quote: SAG
    Do not be surprised! Liquid armor was developed by the Research Institute of Metals and Alloys in my city (Ekb), on the basis of which the 4-5 years ago the tank was going to make body armor even back. The principle is the same - heating and instant solidification, the only difference is that a liquid needs a shell.
    All truth subsided as soon as it began, as always in general sad

    I hope they just kept it secret, they’re coming home from work ...
  13. Hey
    Hey 11 October 2013 08: 22
    0
    The difficult task of obtaining such armor. After all, it is necessary not only to hold the blow, but also how it will behave at various temperatures from -50 to +50, and especially with repeated changes in these temperatures, then twisting, stretching, compression, etc. And all this must be brought together.
    But you have to work an interesting idea.
    1. explorer
      explorer 11 October 2013 10: 09
      +1
      + smile
      It should also add a change in humidity, solar radiation.
  14. smart ass
    smart ass 11 October 2013 08: 29
    -1
    Gentlemen, allow me .... only I wonder how the plastic tank armor will stop the cumulative projectile ????????????
    1. PSih2097
      PSih2097 11 October 2013 08: 36
      +1
      Quote: Clever man
      Gentlemen, allow me .... only I wonder how the plastic tank armor will stop the cumulative projectile ????????????

      DZ hang, still the mass of steel and plastic are incommensurable ...
    2. Andrey57
      Andrey57 11 October 2013 20: 00
      -1
      However, the fire will be fellow , but seriously, in our army in 1982 in the classroom there was a "Sphere", in the plastic visor of which there were 3 automatic bullets of 7,62 caliber, and, moreover, there were no chips on the inside, however, it is unlikely to call this plastic light is it possible hi
  15. Anubis Gorynych
    Anubis Gorynych 11 October 2013 08: 33
    +2
    A few years ago, on the central television channel, there was news that our scientists created devices of a new type of communication based on the principle of electromagnetic fields with instant information transfer to any point in the universe (this was announced), it was noted in the news that our military and Roskosmos were interested in the development. I hope that the silence after this is connected with the adoption by our military of due action. At the expense of advantages ... In the 90s, Russian secret services ordered A. Belova (creator of the Slavic-Goritsky struggle) to develop a system for working with a knife against a soldier dressed in NATO body armor. Anyway, there are weak and insecure places. Plastic will save metal, this is a fact. After some time, our army will receive either an analog or a plasma bayonet. The future is outside, however!
  16. Lech from our city
    Lech from our city 11 October 2013 08: 43
    +1
    In the United States, they are starting to develop a protective suit for the future for their soldiers — I read an interesting thing.
    They engage for this all their scientific personnel.
  17. kafa
    kafa 11 October 2013 09: 10
    0
    the material is good but it will probably be applied not in a "naked" form, but in combinations. thought is not bad high viscosity and a bullet stupid
  18. Alexandr73
    Alexandr73 11 October 2013 09: 21
    +5
    How it will hold the blow, whether the cumulative projectile will withstand, etc. In general, this is a sample. They showed what they have achieved to date. Work is still underway, but no one was going to rivet tanks from it tomorrow.
    And here, thanks to RUSNANO, ALL THAT ALL IS MOUNTED LESS THAN A WRENCH ON 19 AND WITHOUT THE CROWBAR AND SHOWER - THERE ARE ALREADY NANOTECHNOLOGIES !!! GIVE A NEW IPHONE. OUR NEW 3 Kg iPhone is EASIER PREVIOUS PREVAIL, COMMUNITY HURRY !!! URRRAAAAAA!
    1. cth; fyn
      cth; fyn 11 October 2013 10: 40
      0
      So what are Zhiguli nanotechnological (in particular)?
    2. Andrey57
      Andrey57 11 October 2013 20: 04
      -1
      We had such "samples" back in 1982 laughing
  19. Bum
    Bum 11 October 2013 10: 46
    0
    Cumulative or core et clear, extinguish extinguished! What if a land mine is good? Will the floor of the tank swell, and then freeze?
    1. cth; fyn
      cth; fyn 11 October 2013 10: 50
      0
      Well, the crew will survive, but tanks can still be riveted.
      Notice how some aspects changed in the modern war, if there used to be: The main thing is guns, and women will give birth to soldiers, now the loss of a specialist is much harder than the loss of equipment, and to be honest, the price of training such a specialist quickly strives for the price of modern equipment.
  20. Averias
    Averias 11 October 2013 11: 20
    +3
    If you look closely at the photo in the hat, the thickness of this thing is "impressive". Then, the bullets are too symmetrical. Now let's estimate, if a burst from the same "Kalash", and even with an armor-piercing core, is fired into an armor made of such material, then what will happen? An instant rise in temperature to 3000C, this is in one place (and it depends on the caliber and material of the bullet), and immediately dispersion, it is in one place (pointwise). And if there are several hit zones at once?
    Apparently, this thing does not have a lot of plasticity, therefore there will be joints in the armor (weak link). Then, how much does it weigh? The fact that the development is interesting, no one argues. It's just that these guys really like sensations. They like to show prototypes, but in fact (mass production) seams. A lot of examples.
    The fact that brains work is wonderful. It's just that they don’t spit much, then a scientific breakthrough. But in fact .....

    Our institute of polymers, quite a while ago, made a helmet for special forces (instead of a sphere, it is very light and armored). So she keeps a bullet from SVD without problems, and that, nothing, she holds a bullet, but brains from such a blow fly from her ears. You understand the analogy.

    For fans of the United States, I explain, I do not in any way underestimate or insult scientists to America's husband. By no means, well, they just love to shock with sensations. Although the principle of "liquid body armor", like the controlled thrust vector, was stolen from us.
    1. Growler
      11 October 2013 12: 04
      +2
      Quote: Averias
      Our institute of polymers, quite a while ago, made a helmet for special forces (instead of a sphere, it is very light and armored). So she’s holding a bullet from SVD without any problems, and that’s nothing, then she holds a bullet, but brains from such a blow fly from ears. You understand the analogy.

      There will be no problem with this in the exoskeleton ...
      http://topwar.ru/28476-pentagon-ispytal-kostyum-dlya-perenoski-tyazhestey.html
      1. Averias
        Averias 11 October 2013 12: 10
        0
        Fine, appreciated! +++
  21. Jurkovs
    Jurkovs 11 October 2013 11: 28
    0
    It is not clear why the invention was "exposed", or misinformation for us, or a dead-end move.
  22. kafa
    kafa 11 October 2013 13: 59
    0
    which commander needs a living corpse on the battlefield ??!
    1. Growler
      11 October 2013 14: 51
      0
      Quote: kafa
      which commander needs a living corpse on the battlefield ??!

      What did you mean?
      1. cth; fyn
        cth; fyn 11 October 2013 15: 59
        0
        Zombie soldier laughing
  23. No_more
    No_more 11 October 2013 17: 02
    0
    I just cannot understand one thing, how everyone with such serious faces demonstrates material that "easily stopped three 9-mm bullets, without even cracking." This is what parameter on what scale?
    I respect MIT, but when I am told such things as confirmation of the uniqueness of the material, I wash my hands. There are quite a few materials that can "three 9mm bullets without even cracking." The article is empty, I don't think that MIT issued such a stupid press release.
    1. Growler
      12 October 2013 00: 15
      -1
      Quote: No_more
      There are quite a few materials that can "three 9-mm bullets without even cracking"

      And through these materials then you can watch?
      Bulletproof glass after hitting bullets is all cracked and weigh a ton ...

      Quote: No_more
      The article is empty, I don’t think that MIT issued such a stupid press release.

      Who? Aliens?
    2. Growler
      12 October 2013 01: 18
      0
      Quote: No_more
      I do not think that MIT issued such a stupid press release.

      for especially not thinking
      http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2012/bullet-stopping-nanostructured-material-1107.
      html
      1. No_more
        No_more 16 October 2013 13: 17
        +1
        So much the worse for MIT. They would immediately give a link to http://www.nature.com/ncomms/journal/v3/n10/full/ncomms2166.html there are at least photographs there, but I haven’t seen the most scientific work, access to the article is paid, and only online the beginning can be viewed through the widget with the rest of the pages blurred. There are no numbers anywhere.
        I believe that the speeds of these "bullets" were not high, and therefore the energy dissipated / absorbed was not high. I was not just interested in density, I wanted to estimate the weight of the armor, and indeed the characteristics of the material at least some. And so, it just looks interesting, but nothing is said about the case. A bullet for example and a ballistic gel can get stuck and it remains transparent.
  24. alexl85
    alexl85 11 October 2013 18: 21
    +1
    Maybe PR for luring money for another zilch ... Well, render a video or cast a similar layout for them to spit on time.

    Notice! The Internet, search and operating systems, computers in the West and in the USA began to develop rapidly in the 90s. Take the same Windows 95,98 - just a colossal job was done on the bugs! One gets the impression that the staff of programmers has been completely changed. Intel was founded in 1968, in the 90s made a giant technological leap, became the world's largest processor manufacturer. Until the 90s, she was not known to a wide range of people ...

    I am not saying that only our scientists sit in them. However, the fact that their IT companies began to develop rapidly (I repeat) after the collapse of the Soviet Union makes us think about their brains ...
    1. Growler
      12 October 2013 00: 09
      -2
      Hurray-potreots yell that Russian programmers are the best, and Russian programmers in Microsoft are only entrusted with Word'om to do.
      1. alexl85
        alexl85 12 October 2013 15: 11
        +1
        Hmm ... after
        Quote: Growler
        Hooray
        You can not read further.
  25. POCC
    POCC 12 October 2013 00: 12
    +1
    Quote: Bum
    Cumulative or core et clear, extinguish extinguished! What if a land mine is good? Will the floor of the tank swell, and then freeze?
    A crew like flies in amber smile
  26. The comment was deleted.
  27. Growler
    12 October 2013 00: 26
    -2
    Once again for stupid, morons, and simply miserable transparent armor is used only to protect the face and optical devices ...
    In the United States (America) armored plastics (but not as advanced) are already used in bank cash desks. The advantage of armored plastics in less weight.
  28. antonov-pavel
    antonov-pavel 24 July 2015 21: 38
    0
    You can still work on the principle of "liquid" armor, like an aqueous solution of starch - the harder the blow on it - the stronger it is! Or it seems this principle was used in this plastic ... (Strengthen the country's defense - a patriot !!!)