Citizens, beware !!!
Theft is the most frequent crime of the present time in investigative and judicial practice, the subject of which can be any property, even hidden under a multi-kilometer water column.
Do not leave documents and valuables on the seabed, use secure communication lines, and never, I emphasize, NEVER throw fragments of sea, missile and aviation technicians. All missiles lost, sunken ships and aircraft falling overboard should be immediately discovered, evacuated or blown up on the spot.
Otherwise, all this will become the prey of the enemy.
The fact that the CIA, together with the naval intelligence of the United States, is hunting for the wreckage of Soviet technology, became known in the middle of the 1970's. In the open press appeared shocking facts related to the rise of the sunken Soviet boat with a nuclear weapons on board. History with the rise of K-129 was presented with a great deal of pomp; it was emphasized that the American naval engineers had accomplished the impossible - they raised a bulky steel structure from the depth of 5600 meters.
But why did the CIA need to raise the destroyed nose of the Soviet submarine? The answer is simple - the Yankees were literally interested in everything: from steel of durable hull to torpedoes with nuclear warheads, D-4 ballistic missiles, cryptographic equipment, and other secret equipment aboard a strategic cruiser. Technologies from the submarine were supposed to "shed light" on the state of the Soviet military-industrial complex.
One of the most important stages of the operation to lift the Soviet boat, which received the code designation “Project Azorian”, was the exploration of the ocean floor in the area of the death of K-129, determining the location and state of the wreckage of the sunken boat. The works should be carried out with maximum secrecy, without the involvement of ordinary oceanographic vessels - otherwise, it could attract the attention of the Soviet Navy.
The reconnaissance of the site of the tragedy was carried out by a special-purpose nuclear submarine USS Halibut (SSN-587) - a former missile carrier converted into a military oceanographic ship. Instead of rocket weapons, the Halibat was equipped with side thrusters, bow and stern mushroom anchors, a diving camera, side and long range side sonars, and also towed by an automatic bathyscaphe with a video camera and a powerful searchlight for work at depths exceeding the capabilities of a durable boat hull.
USS Halibut (SSN-587)
While underwater, Halibat for several months surveyed the bottom of the Pacific Ocean in the area of the alleged death of K-129. Finally, in one of the motion pictures from the camera of the bathyscaph, an object resembling a steering wheel was seen. In total, “Halibat” took several thousand pictures of a submarine lying at the bottom:
“One photo-band shocked even Commander Moore, a man with steel nerves,” he saw on the imprints the skeleton of a Russian sailor dressed in a stormy raglan, quilted pants and heavy naval boots. Thousands of tiny sea worms swarming in the remains of a submariner "
- from the book "The game in the blind man's buff. Unknown history of American underwater espionage"
According to the data obtained from the Khalibat PLA, it was decided to raise the bow of the K-129 with a length of 138 feet (42 meters), where the instruments, mechanisms and weapons most interesting to American intelligence were located.
Further work to raise the wreckage was carried out with the help of a specially constructed ship “Glomar Explorer” - the wreckage of the Soviet boat was retrieved to the surface of the 12 August 1974 of the year, six years after her death.
Through the sliding doors in the bottom of the ship "Glomar Explorer", a submersible grip was put forward, capable of lifting objects from 4250 tons in weight from the bottom
In the case of K-129, the leadership of the USSR made a reckless mistake - the loss of the missile carrier was highly classified, the boat and its crew were expelled from the Navy lists in hindsight, thereby literally leaving the submarine cruiser as "unowned property".
If the USSR had declared the tragedy, according to the accepted international maritime rules, the Yankees would not have risked touching the declared war grave, and if they had taken the risk, this could later provoke a major international scandal. Americans would have to return part of the stolen property, thereby helping us in disclosing the mystery of the death of K-129.
Underwater special operations squad
It is noteworthy that the search operation for the K-129 wreckage took place in official documents as “the search for a Russian ballistic missile at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean” - such operations for American submariners were so common. The famous Khalibat PLA regularly crawled through the landfills of the USSR Navy and, like a real scavenger, collected fragments of found anti-ship and ballistic missiles (engine, electronics, fuel samples), examined the sunken targets for their damage, dismantled the fancy equipment. The data on ballistic missiles dropped into the sea were recorded by radars of surface ships and aircraft, as well as underwater hydrophones with an accuracy of up to 1-2 miles.
For example, in 1967, an American submarine stole two inert mines from exercises in the Gulf of Peter the Great (Vladivostok), exposed during the test fleet The main inspection of the Ministry of Defense. The case received wide public response in the West - samples of stolen Soviet weapons were openly displayed at an exhibition in New York.
In the spring of 1976, a special operation “Blue Sun” was conducted - a group of military divers examined the crash site of the Tu-95M, which crashed off the coast of Sakhalin. At that time the submarine returned with rich trophies: among the wreckage of the bomber were found two "red heads" (nuclear warheads).
“In those years, American submarines, one might say, were grazing even in the Gulf of Peter the Great. It got to the point that they photographed our sea parades and beauties on the beach of Vladivostok with a periscope. ”
- former deputy. Chief of Intelligence of the Pacific Fleet Rear Admiral A. Shtyrov
In October, 1971, the “Khalibat” was sent to the Sea of Okhotsk with the next task of “detecting ballistic missile fragments”. This time it was necessary to find at the bottom a secret communications cable connecting the base of strategic missile carriers in Krasheninnikov Bay (Kamchatka Island) with the command centers of the Soviet Navy on the continent. A year later, the Khalibat returned to the territorial waters of the Soviet Union and installed the Kokon, an autonomous reconnaissance container with a radioisotope RTG as an energy source, on the found submarine cable.
"Cocoon". Its technical parameters: weight - 7 tons, length - 5 meters, diameter - 1200 mm, the number of controlled cable channels - up to 60.
Thanks to the “golden vein”, many secrets of the service of Soviet submariners were revealed: information on combat patrols of the SSBN - the schedule, number and type of boats, patrol routes, as well as information on the results of testing missiles at the Kura range.
The reconnaissance system worked like a watch - the “Halibat” regularly, every few months, came to the “point” to remove and replace the tapes with recorded information. For convenience, the hull was equipped with special “skis” so that it could gently lie on the ground next to the cable without endangering the lives of working divers (during one of the previous hikes an incident occurred - the crew did not hold the “Halibet” at a given depth, and the boat she began to emerge abruptly, dragging behind her people chained to the boat with air hoses).
In the campaigns, the “Halibat” covered two multipurpose submarines - the first directly provided the reconnaissance's safety, the second distracted the Soviet anti-submarine forces.
Built in the 1950s, the low-speed Halibat could no longer meet the needs of naval intelligence, in the 1975 it was replaced by the SeaWolf (SSN-575), and later the newest boats for special operations Brocade (USS Parche SSN -683) and "Richard Russell" (USS Richard B. Russell SSSN-687) based on the Stugegen atomic multipurpose submarine.
USS Parche Special Operations SSA (SSN-683) off the coast of Hawaii
The underwater vehicle attached to the hull is clearly visible, as well as an additional compartment of radio equipment behind the cabin
The underwater vehicle attached to the hull is clearly visible, as well as an additional compartment of radio equipment behind the cabin
In addition to the re-equipped nuclear-powered ships, the Navy’s special purpose search squad included the Trieste II submersible submersible and several mini-submarines.
In 1980, Brocade installed reconnaissance "cocoons" on cables in the Barents and White Seas. The situation was extremely successful. The only thing that the Yankees did not know was that their vile plans were known in advance by Soviet intelligence thanks to the NSA employee, the traitor Robert Pelton. Recently, the KGB played with the NSA in the "radio game", transmitting outright disinformation via submarine communication cables.
The end of all this comedy came in 1982 year - while working with a container in the Sea of Okhotsk, SeaWolf carelessly maneuvered and leaned all its weight on the submarine cable. The divers of the USSR Navy immediately arrived at the place - considering the accumulation of diving and oceanographic ships on satellite images, the Yankees were very surprised - how quickly the Soviets found a place to lay the cocoon!
The Cocoon was dismantled and delivered to one of the USSR military research institutes. Former NSA officer Robert Pelton was exposed in the 1985 year and sentenced to three life sentences.
Another “cocoon”, raised from the bottom of the Barents Sea, was once shown at the KGB Museum.
The story had a limited sequel in 1994, when, according to unverified rumors, the US Navy officer Daniel King handed over to the Russian Embassy a disk with data of wiretapping of submarine communication cables of the Soviet Navy. In 2001, King was released in the courtroom for lack of corpus delicti.
USS Parche (SSN-683). Last time at sea
Nuclear submarines "R. Russell and Brocade were excluded from the fleet and scrapped in 1994 and 2004 respectively.
In this chronicle of operations "Convolvulus" and "Acetone" for listening to the submarine cables can be considered finished.
Boat with an "aspen" waist
In February, the USN Jimmy Carter multipurpose nuclear submarine (SSN-2005), the third and last ship of the SeaWolf type ("sea-wolf") *, was accepted into the US Navy.
* A new generation of submarines, unrelated to the previously mentioned USS Seawolf (SSN-575), built in the middle of 1950's
Not a single American submarine has been built for so long (more than 5 years since its inception) and not a single submarine in the world has cost so much - an exorbitant price was paid for Carter - 3,2 billion dollars in prices 10-year-old!
The audience present at the ceremony immediately noticed that there was something wrong with the boat. Unusually lengthening the body - "Carter" is longer than its sister-spikes almost 30 meters!
USS Jimmy Carter (SSN-23)
The length of the ship betrayed its main secret - the "Carter" is not a simple SeaWolf type submarine. This is a multi-purpose oceanographic complex Multi-Mission Platform (MMP), created on the basis of a conventional submarine. The decision to re-equip the Carter into a special purpose boat was made too late - the hull had already been laid down at the GE Electric Boat shipyard. We had to make changes to the finished structure - this is precisely the reason for the two-year delay in adopting the extremely high cost of the boat.
In the middle of the robust hull an additional section in the form of an hourglass is welded. Thanks to this arrangement, a solid “cavity” was formed between the outer skin and the robust hull to accommodate the Ocean Interface complex - deep-sea bathyscapes, mini-submarines, automatic underwater vehicles for conducting reconnaissance, search and neutralization of mines, etc. tasks. Here is the airlock chamber for the exit of combat swimmers and various diving equipment. There is a space for the placement of inflatable boats, ammunition and ammunition for "sea seals" or a transport container for bulky "samples" of enemy weapons, picked up from the seabed by caring hands of divers.
That's right - now “SeaWolf” has taken the honorable place of “sea scavengers”, instead of written off “Partche” and “R. Russell.
How MMP works
As for the use of the boat in battle as a multi-purpose submarine, the Americans only restrainedly smile and repeat the learned mantra:
“The additional compartment did not affect the combat capabilities of the boat. "Jimmy Carter" retains all the combat potential of the Sea Wolff submarines
Where already there! It is known that the predecessor of "Carter" - "Parch" - after adding a similar 30-meter section ceased to keep the depth, regularly falling down. Certainly certain problems with balancing and maneuverability are also present in the "Carter".
Additional section, thrusters in the bow, in the stern for work in shallow water, the updated command center ... such is, in brief, "Jimmy Carter"
However, one should not be mistaken about the weakness of the “Carter” - the combat capabilities of its sister-thorns - “Sea Wolf” and “Connecticut” - were so great that they were immediately recorded in the submarines of the then fourth generation. Even after 20 years, the SeaWolfs remain the most powerful and most advanced multipurpose SSNs in the world. The speed and depth of immersion at the level of the best Russian submarines (powerful reactor S6W and durable housing made of steel brand HY100).
Self-noise level is quieter than Ohio: equipment depreciation, active systems for reducing vibration of a power plant, and waterjet propulsion units of the British design all played a role in increasing the secretiveness of Sea Wolves.
Detection systems? What are the only 600 hydrophones of the "Sea Wolf"! Or a multifunctional mast with video cameras, thermal imagers and a laser rangefinder - now everyone on the central post can observe the situation on the surface. Finally, the standard spherical gas and a set of towed antennas to prevent attack from the "dead zone" of the stern propeller.
Armament? Like a real assassin, the SeaWolf is equipped with a weapon with a silencer - eight 660 mm caliber torpedo tubes using the principle of torpedoes self-escape (as opposed to blowing with compressed air used on all other boats). Ammunition - 50 cruise missiles "Harpoon", "Tomahawk" or torpedoes Mk.48.
It is also possible to load up to 100 sea mines instead of part of the missile and torpedo weapons.
The center post of the boat type "SeaWolf"
It will sound not patriotic, but “SeaWolf” is perfect. The best of modern multi-purpose submarine projects that absorbed all the advantages of other types of boats. He has no weak points. One SeaWolf is worth a whole fleet, both literally and figuratively.
It is precisely because of their high cost and the excess power of the US Navy that they have refused to build further SeaWolf, limiting the series to three submarines. Preference was given in favor of cheaper Virginia - primitive replicas of the present "Sea Wolf".
The special purpose boat "Jimmy Carter" combines all the listed features of "SeaWolf", m. with the exception of underwater speed, maneuverability and working depth of the dive. This is the most dangerous underwater adversary, besides being able to deftly steal everything that lies on the seabed (as an option, everything that is in the water column). In such conditions, all projects for the placement of containers with ballistic missiles, arsenals and so on by strategic systems on the seabed become obviously meaningless - Carter will steal them the very next day.
The shelling of marine or ground targets, the landing of special forces sabotage groups, making passages in minefields, stealing from the bottom of any valuable objects, reconnaissance, reconnaissance, transportation of secret cargoes - all this with the highest level of secrecy of action. According to Rear Admiral John Davis, the capabilities of the Jimmy Carter boat open the way to the future for the fleet.
Torpedo compartment "Carter"
From the point of view of the Russian Navy, the emergence of a new threat in the form of a special purpose submarine Carter is a reason to think seriously about ensuring the safety of the submarine infrastructure and take measures to prevent new Russian technologies from falling into the hands of American specialists during tests of missile weapons ("Mace" and Co.).
At the same time, the demonstrated capabilities of Carter allow us to hope that domestic shipbuilding engineers at TsBB MT Rubin have realized the need for the presence of similar equipment in the navy and have plans to create similar submarines based on existing or new projects.
The book "The game of hide and seek. Unknown history of American underwater espionage." Authors: Sherry Sontag and Christopher Drew