Military Review

"Only he is worthy of this life, who is always ready to die." One of the best generals of Russia during the First World War, Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich

39
"Only he is worthy of this life, who is always ready to die"
Yudenich's motto



October 5 1933 died one of the most successful generals of Russia during the First World War, the hero of the Caucasian Front and one of the leaders of the White movement Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich. He was called the last commander of the Suvorov school. Yudenich, like Skobelev, acquired the glory of the “second Suvorov”. Yudenich was the last Russian Knight of the Order of St. George, II class. If it were not for the revolution, he would have become a gentleman of the Order of St. George of all degrees. Such gentlemen in stories the Russian army was only four: field marshals Kutuzov, Barclay de Tolly, Dibich and Paskevich.

Many know that the First World War was the prerequisite for the destruction of the Russian Empire. However, the First World War inscribed many glorious victories, successful offensive and defensive operations, feats and heroes into the Russian military chronicle. They are almost not remembered in modern Russia. At best, they recall the catastrophe of Samsonov’s army in East Prussia, the retreat of 1915, and the Brusilov breakthrough. On the Caucasus front of the First World War, where Russia won a number of brilliant victories, a simple man in the street practically does not know. Yudenich was a real great commander who glorified the Russian weapon in the war with Turkey. Thanks to Yudenich, in the event that the Russian Empire was not destroyed, the lands of Western Armenia, the Bosphorus, the Dardanelles and Constantinople would have to go to Russia. By 1917, Yudenich was deservedly considered a hero of the Russian Empire. Unfortunately, in Soviet times, his name was remembered only in connection with the Civil War, when Yudenich's troops almost took Petersburg, and his biography was presented in a negative light.

Youth Yudenich. Turkestan

Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich came from the nobles of the Minsk province. He was born 18 (30) in July 1862, in the ancient capital of the Russian state - in Moscow. Father - Nikolai Ivanovich Yudenich (1836 — 1892) was a typical representative of the capital's bureaucracy, was the director of the Land Survey School, and rose to a collegiate councilor, was considered a fairly educated man. Mother - nee Dal was the cousin of the honorary academician of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences, the author of the authoritative Explanatory Dictionary of the living Great Russian language V.I. Dal, to whom Nikolai Yudenich was a second cousin nephew.

It seemed that Nikolai had to go along the civil line. In the Moscow City Gymnasium, he invariably demonstrated great abilities in the disciplines, moving from class to class with high scores. After graduating from high school, Nicholas entered the Mezhevoy Institute, but he studied for less than a year. 6 August 1879, he transferred to the 3-e Alexander Military School as a cadet in the rank of an ordinary. The choice of the military profession was not accidental. The Alexander School, located on Znamenka, was located near the parental home of Yudenich. Nicholas, like many high-school students, from the first classes dreamed of putting on his curious uniform attractive by his military rigor. 3-e Alexander Military School was one of the oldest military schools and trained infantry commanders. The course of study included not only specialized disciplines, but also general education — history, geography, etiquette, dance, and others. Nikolai remembered his years of schooling with great warmth and had many friends. His classmate, Lieutenant-General A.M. Saranchev recalled: "Nikolai Nikolayevich was then a thin, thin young man ... cheerful and cheerful."

Studying Nicholas was easy, he was one of the best junkers of his graduation. Traditionally, this gave him the opportunity to choose not only the place of service, the kind of troops, but even the military unit. 8 August 1881 after graduation Nikolai was promoted to lieutenant and chose to be appointed to the Lithuanian Guards regiment stationed in Warsaw, gaining fame in the Patriotic War 1812 of the year and the Russian-Turkish war 1877-1878. 12 September 1882, he arrived at his place of service. Service in one of the oldest and best regiments of the Russian army was a good school for the future. The officers of the regiment had good traditions.

However, Nikolai did not linger in the guard. Soon he received a new assignment with a promotion and rank in the army infantry. He was sent to the Turkestan Military District, which is difficult because of its remoteness from the European part of Russia and the climatic conditions. This military district was not considered prestigious, although it was possible to make a career here. The Turkestan district was somewhat different in structure from other military districts of the empire. The service in it for the Guards Chief Officer was held not in the regiment, but in separate battalions - the 1-m Turkestan rifle and 2-m Khodzent reserve. As a company commander, Nikolai Yudenich got a good experience and the right to submit a report with a request for training at the Academy of the General Staff. Soon he received such a right, passed the entrance exams and received a referral to the Nikolaev Academy of the General Staff.

The Academy provided higher education and excellent prospects for further military service. The course lasted three years and gave a solid store of knowledge. The level of training was very high, at the first unsatisfactory assessment the listener was immediately expelled and sent to the former duty station. Lieutenant Yudenich graduated from the academic course more than successfully - in the first category and was counted among the General Staff, having received the next rank - captain. He was appointed senior aide to the headquarters of the 14 Army Corps of the Warsaw Military District. Here Yudenich got a good experience of staff work in organizing army control. Without the support of the family and any protection, Nikolai Yudenich, through hard work and talent, independently achieved in 25 years a privileged position and honorary rank of captain of the General Staff.

From January 27 1892 - Yudenich Senior Adjutant of the Headquarters of the Turkestan Military District. Nikolai Nikolayevich served in the Turkestan district for quite a long period of his life. He quickly moved up the corporate ladder: from April 1892, the lieutenant colonel, four years later, the colonel. In Turkestan, he was successively the commander of an infantry battalion, the head officer of the 1 Turkestan Rifle Brigade, the head of the Tashkent Preparatory School of the 2 Orenburg Cadet Corps. In 1894, he took part in the Pamir Expedition as Chief of Staff of the Pamir Detachment. This expedition was recognized for the military campaign, since it was accompanied by armed clashes with Afghan troops armed with British weapons and the fight against the harsh natural conditions of sand and snow storms. For the Pamir campaign, Yudenich was awarded the Order of St. Stanislav 2 degree. One of his colleagues, Lieutenant-General D.V. Filatyev, spoke of Yudenich: “The directness and even the sharpness of judgments, the certainty of decisions and the firmness in upholding his opinion and the complete lack of propensity for any kind of compromise”. With such a character, and in the absence of connections at the top, it was difficult to make a career, but the war establishes its own laws, which differ from peacetime orders.

In 1895, Nikolai Yudenich married Alexander Nikolaevna, nee Zhemchuzhnikova, divorced wife of staff captain Sychev. They made a great honeymoon trip, visiting Moscow, Kharkov, Petersburg and made a trip abroad. Marriage was strong. According to the memoirs of colleagues, to come to visit Yudenichi was a sincere pleasure for everyone, they lived very harmoniously. Yudenich's calm disposition balanced the lively energetic character of his wife. October 9 1902 of the year Yudenich took command of the 18 rifle regiment, the 5 th rifle brigade in Suwalki.

The Russo-Japanese War


With the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War, the 18 th Infantry Regiment joined the 5 Infantry Brigade of the 6 East Siberian Division. Yudenich was offered to take up the post of general on duty at the headquarters of the Turkestan Military District, which meant an early rank of general and a quiet life in the rear, but the colonel refused this offer. Upon arrival in Manchuria, Yudenich's regiment was practically not in the army reserve and soon found himself on the front line.

The Russian Manchurian army did not lose the battles to the Japanese, but it was further pushed back from the besieged Port Arthur. Yudenich's regiment took part in the battle of Sandep, where he personally led the troops that began to retreat to bayonet attack and threw the enemy away. In this battle, the commander of the 5 Brigade, General M. Churin, fell from his horse and broke his arm. As a result, Colonel N. Yudenich began to perform the duties of a brigade commander. A few days later, Colonel Yudenich led an attack on an open field, when attacking an important defensive sector of enemy troops on a bend of the Hun-He river. Despite the Japanese rifle-machine-gun and artillery fire, the Russian troops immediately took an enemy position. February 4 regiment Yudenich defended the approaches to the railway station near Mukden. The Japanese began to enter the flank of the defense of the 18 regiment, and the colonel led a counterattack. In hand-to-hand combat with the enemy, Yudenich, along with soldiers, wielded a rifle with a bayonet. The Japanese could not stand the Russian bayonet attack and ran. Colonel Nikolai Yudenich was wounded by a gunshot bullet in his left hand - a through bullet wound on the inside of his left elbow without crushing bones and joints, but remained in the ranks.

During the battle of Mukden, the 18 th rifle regiment was among the right-flank formations of the Russian army, attacked by the 3 th Japanese army, which tried to reach the rear of the Russian troops north of Mukden, cutting off the railway and the way to the north. Early in the morning of February 19, the 5 and 8 Infantry Divisions of the 3 Imperial Army launched an offensive in the Madyapu, Sathhoz and Yansintun sectors. The regiment of Yudenich defended the redoubt №8 at the village of Yansyntun. Japanese artillery bombarded the Russian positions, and as the sun rose, the enemy went on the attack. In the hastily prepared positions of the regiment Yudenich reflected a few massive blows of the enemy. Nikolai Yudenich showed “exemplary”, as they wrote in the award documents, personal courage and fearlessness. At one of the critical moments, Yudenich personally raised one of the battalions to the counterattack. Only upon receipt of an order from the High Command, the 18 regiment withdrew from its positions. The Japanese did not manage to make a flank maneuver. The attacking rush of the Japanese divisions was stopped by Siberian riflemen. On this day, Nikola Yudenich received another wound - a rifle bullet in the right half of the neck. The bullet passed around the carotid artery without hitting it. Immediately after his recovery, he returned to the location of the unit.

The military historian A. A. Kersnovsky, in the “History of the Russian Army”, talking about the battle of Mukden, gave the names of three regimental commanders, who during this battle formed a brilliant reputation. This is the commander of the 18 th regiment - Yudenich, 1 of the Siberian - Colonel Lesh and 24 of the Siberian - Colonel Lechitsky. For the difference in the battle of Mukden, resilience and courage, the personnel of the 18 Infantry Regiment was awarded a special insignia by decree of the emperor. The inscription read: “For Yansyntun. February 1905 of the year. " Colonel Yudenich was honored with a high military award, especially honored in the Russian Imperial Army. He was awarded the Golden Weapon - a saber with the inscription "For Bravery". Yudenich was awarded with other awards, for the courage and skillful leadership of the troops, the colonel in September 1905 was awarded the Order of St. Vladimir 3 degree with swords, and in February 1906, the Order of St. Stanislav 1 degree with swords.

The Russian-Japanese war became for Nikolay Nikolayevich an authentic school of military art and opened new perspectives in a military career. 19 June 1905 of the Year Yudenich was promoted to Major General with the appointment of the 2 Infantry Division as commander of the 5 Brigade with honorary eternal admission to the lists of the 18 Regiment. In the capital, the merits of the regimental commander who went to the regimental commanders for the ninth year were appreciated.

"Only he is worthy of this life, who is always ready to die." One of the best generals of Russia during the First World War, Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich


Between two wars

The last injury was especially grave and Yudenich’s stay in the hospital was delayed until the 1907 year. After leaving the hospital, he was awaited by a high appointment - the quartermaster general of the headquarters of the Caucasian Military District. We can say that the career of Nikolai Yudenich developed well. The general, having the Nikolaev Academy behind him and the combat experience of the Russian-Japanese war, grew rather quickly. He celebrated his 50 anniversary as Chief of Staff of the Kazan Military District.

However, Yudenich did not stay long in Kazan. Approaching a big war in Europe. It was obvious that Turkey would not stay away from it. In the Russian General Staff, which predicted a military confrontation with the Turkish army in Transcaucasia. We decided to strengthen the leadership of the Caucasian Military District. In the event of war he had to turn around to the front. We considered several candidates for the position of the head of staff, settled on Yudenich. In 1913, Yudenich became the chief of staff of the district in the Caucasus and was promoted to lieutenant general.

Diligent and energetic Yudenich quickly settled into a new place, having met with complete understanding from the closest assistants. General Dutsenko, a colleague of Yudenich in the Caucasus, recalled: “He always and calmly listened to everything, even if it was contrary to the program he had planned ... General Yudenich never interfered in the work of subordinate chiefs, never criticized orders, reports, but the words he threw were thought , full of meaning and were a program for those who listened to them. ”

Yudenich was simple in communication, there was no arrogance in him. As General B.P. recalled. Veselorezov: “In the shortest possible time, he became both close and comprehensible to Caucasians. Similarly, he was always with us. Surprisingly simple, in which there was no poison called "Generalin", indulgent, he quickly won the hearts. Always welcoming, he was widely hospitable. His comfortable apartment saw numerous associates in the service, the building officers and their families, happily hurrying to the affectionate invitation of the general and his wife. " Already during the First World War M.K. Lemke wrote: in a diary: “…. literally with all keeps the same. As a quartermaster general and then chief of staff of the Caucasian Military. district, he spoke the same way with Count Vorontsov-Dashkov and with the second lieutenant of his staff. "

Nikolai Nikolayevich was not only interested in official affairs. But he tried to study the situation in the region, the Caucasus was a difficult area even in peacetime. He was engaged in military and diplomatic activities. Iran was of strategic importance in the upcoming war. He became the cause of disagreements between Russia and England. The American Morgan Shuster became the chief financial adviser to the Iranian government. He led an anti-Russian economic policy in Tehran. At the same time gave the "green light" to the German agents. The General Staff instructed Yudenich to prepare several military units for possible entry into Persian territory to protect the state interests of the Russian Empire. During one of the incidents, Russian troops entered Iranian territory. Petersburg, threatening to strike at Tehran, demanded the resignation of Morgan Schuster. Persian authorities were forced to fulfill this requirement. These days, the headquarters of the Caucasian corps acted with full load, as in wartime conditions. The Caucasian headquarters solved this task brilliantly, showing readiness to mobilize the troops as soon as possible.

To be continued ...
Author:
Articles from this series:
"Only he is worthy of this life, who is always ready to die." One of the best generals of Russia during the First World War, Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich
Strategic victory for the army of Yudenich near Erzurum
Victories of Yudenich's army near Trapezund and Erzincan
Removal from command of the Caucasian front. Yudenich's army march to red Petrograd
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  1. the polar
    the polar 4 October 2013 08: 37 New
    -18
    Whoever itches it all, pull out the musty White Guard rabble into the light. If these Yudenichs and Kolchaks won, how many millions of Russian people they outweighed and shot, for their estates, banks, factories. Maybe even about Vlasov, the son of an "honest fist and an effective owner" to compose a panegyric? He also fought with the "red bastard."
    1. pahom54
      pahom54 4 October 2013 09: 17 New
      22
      In vain you are so tough, especially Yudenich and Vlasov - these are completely different categories.
      Yudenich fought for what he believed in, and Vlasov went to serve the enemy ... And with Vlasov, not everything is so simple ...
      The article talks about the merits of Yudenich and his life path, and not about the executions of hundreds of thousands of Reds. The Reds also shot not measured. It was a terrible war, it seems to me worse than the CIVIL WAR - brother to brother - there is nothing.
      But in general, such admiral generals as Yudenich, Alekseev, Kolchak - must be respected. They are historical figures, the history of our Russia, and are worthy of memory and respect, and not maliciousness.
      1. fklj
        fklj 4 October 2013 09: 24 New
        +1
        What is the difference, for what reasons they are fighting against their people. Although, their life until 1917. more worthy of description
        1. jasper
          jasper 4 October 2013 19: 51 New
          -1
          Are you talking about the Bolshevik Jewish occupation bastard?
      2. Tyumen
        Tyumen 4 October 2013 16: 05 New
        0
        What is the respect of the sadist Kolchak for? For the constituent assembly, which he sent to the Republic of Irtysh? From him, even the Czechs, his associates were in shock. And the collector of icons Alekseev is just ridiculous.
        1. jasper
          jasper 4 October 2013 19: 51 New
          -2
          do not read Judeo-Bolshevik Russophobic tales before dinner
          1. RoTTor
            RoTTor 4 October 2013 21: 21 New
            +3
            Full compliance with Pogonyalov and commentary.
      3. jasper
        jasper 4 October 2013 19: 50 New
        -1
        and Vlasov went to serve the enemy.

        Following the example of Vova blank. Leibs of Bronstein and other communal Russophobic bastards
      4. predator.3
        predator.3 6 October 2013 13: 18 New
        +1
        Quote: pahom54
        In vain you are so tough, especially Yudenich and Vlasov - these are completely different categories.

        decided on the side of the enemy during the fighting, definitely the enemy.
    2. Internal combustion engine
      Internal combustion engine 4 October 2013 09: 20 New
      -1
      White Army officers had something to fight for. For the most part they were sons of landowners and capitalists and wanted to return their personal property. The question is, what now holds officers on the side of anti-people’s power. What keeps them, poor, in the camp of oligarchs and gentlemen?
      1. Alexander Romanov
        Alexander Romanov 4 October 2013 09: 31 New
        +9
        Quote: ICE
        The question is, what now holds officers on the side of anti-people’s power

        An officer serves the motherland, not the authorities! As for the atinarodnaya, and that Putin did not gain a majority in the election? Or, forward for democracy, for Zyuganov laughing
        1. jasper
          jasper 4 October 2013 19: 53 New
          0
          Yeah. especially in 18-22, when Jewish families took hostages
      2. creak
        creak 4 October 2013 10: 42 New
        21
        Not everything is so clear ... The leaders of the White Army - Alekseev, Denikin, Kornilov came from simple families, the latter was, for example, the son of an ordinary Cossack. Among the officers, by the beginning of the civil war, nobles and sons and capitalists were a clear minority - almost all personnel officers died in 1914-15 and the officer corps was staffed by immigrants from all walks of life, several dozen warrant officers graduated from the school dozens with six months of training, even not lieutenants ... On the other hand, there were many officers and generals from the noble families of the so-called military experts in the Red Army - for example, lieutenant Tukhachevsky of the Life Guards of the Semenovsky regiment, a significant number of officers and generals of the General Staff (the same count Ignatiev) .. В in a civil war, amazing metamorphoses and ordinary cliches happen - the rich and the poor do not fit here - everything is much more complicated ... This is just another very tragic page in the history of our country ...
        1. George
          George 4 October 2013 13: 09 New
          +6
          Quote: ranger
          Among the officers, by the beginning of the civil war, nobles and sons and capitalists were a clear minority - almost all personnel officers were killed in 1914-15

          I don’t remember which of the officers said:
          -Who are we raising? Bravado! He unfastened the top button, cigarette in the teeth and go! German machine guns quickly made adjustments to the ranks of officers.
          Quote: ranger
          On the other hand, there were many officers and generals from the noble families of the so-called military specialists in the Red Army

          V. Pikul perfectly described the life of one of such military experts in the book “I have the honor” (I believe that this phrase should be returned to circulation).
          It’s useful to learn about the heroes, even if they fought on the other side of the barricades. Thank you for the article. I look forward to continuing.
          1. jasper
            jasper 4 October 2013 19: 57 New
            0
            I don’t remember which of the officers said:
            -Who are we raising? Bravado! He unfastened the top button, cigarette in the teeth and go! German machine guns quickly made adjustments to the ranks of officers.

            considering the "noble bastards" ordering an attack along with the soldiers
            bad charter, but they weren’t skins like commissars,
        2. chehywed
          chehywed 4 October 2013 13: 34 New
          +3
          Quote: ranger
          Not so clear.

          The civil war was fierce and led to the deaths of millions. Only in the course of the "reprising" the Reds exterminated hundreds of thousands of Cossacks. Jewish pogroms were repaired on both sides and claimed tens of thousands of lives. The Cheka of the Reds, the white counterintelligence agencies mercilessly destroyed captured officers who served the opposite side. For most of the population, the civil war was a meat grinder: irretrievable losses in it amounted to 15 million people, and another 2 million - emigrated from Russia.
          1. jasper
            jasper 4 October 2013 19: 58 New
            -1
            so the "red" is the occupying Jewish regime, what are they up to the goyim? ten million died there, fifteen elsewhere


            I hate
        3. jasper
          jasper 4 October 2013 19: 54 New
          0
          and. Among the officers at the beginning of the civil war of the nobles

          they died in the first year of the war. at the front, unlike the Jews of the Bolsheviks
          1. RoTTor
            RoTTor 4 October 2013 21: 32 New
            +1
            Or do not hangover with stale vodka, or be treated.
      3. jasper
        jasper 4 October 2013 19: 53 New
        0
        completely illiterate? the army was draft and anyone who graduated from high school could become an officer! immediately down see
    3. Mareman Vasilich
      Mareman Vasilich 4 October 2013 10: 59 New
      +1
      Do not torment yourself my friend, the planting of enemy culture and ideologists has never stopped in our country. The only difference is what kind of leader people had.
    4. klim44
      klim44 4 October 2013 13: 36 New
      +2
      You are round and ... t. Excuse me. History does not tolerate subjunctive moods; therefore, how many millions would have been killed by white in the event of victory, we were not given to know, and how many people had been destroyed by the reds that are so dear to your heart, it’s known just millions. Well, this is all in the second, and in the first white or red - all our compatriots, peace be upon them.
      Good article, it's time to know all the heroes of that war, and not just wretched Tukhachevsky
      1. jasper
        jasper 4 October 2013 19: 59 New
        -2
        Russophobe and Jew
    5. jasper
      jasper 4 October 2013 19: 49 New
      +1
      such as Russian cattle? Jews Bolsheviks and socially close to them ur forever?
    6. Skiff-2
      Skiff-2 4 October 2013 20: 37 New
      +6
      You shouldn’t like General Yudenich so much, he went to Peter when the Red Terror was raging there, and even agreed after much persuasion, when his troops at the approaches of Peter were (attacked from Finland), the Red Finnish Army hit the rear, then there was a civil war for him and ended. He always served Russia and didn’t want to fight with his people ... His great-grandson now serves as a lieutenant colonel of the Russian army in Kaliningrad (if he didn’t retire) - my friend at the military school, by the way, is very similar to his grandfather, he was an excellent student at the school, modest, collected, character traits as with grandfather deducted. The tree, as you know, is known by its fruits, and so the Yudenichi clan still serves Russia, and other red commanders did not survive to the Second World War (Yakir, Tukhachevsky and others like them) - they turned out to be the enemies of the Russian people. The storm of the Civil War often raises not the best characters from the bottom (Syria is an example) - this is the foam of the revolution ... But in Kaliningrad he lives and I hope that Colonel Yudenich still lives, continuing the dynasty of his great-grandfather ... the tree is known by its fruits.
      1. chehywed
        chehywed 4 October 2013 22: 02 New
        0
        Quote: Skif-2
        And in Kaliningrad lives and I hope that Colonel Yudenich is still serving, continuing the dynasty of his great-grandfather ... a tree is known by its fruits

        Good post. Correct. Thank you. hi
      2. Tyumen
        Tyumen 5 October 2013 03: 32 New
        +2
        In fact, the Red Terror raged in response to the White Terror, and took away not less people.
      3. Fedya
        Fedya 18 December 2013 23: 48 New
        0
        By the way, and then what happened to his troops? As far as I know, they were disarmed by valiant Estonian warriors, and their fate was no more than the enviable fate of prisoners of war of the Red Army in Polish captivity!
    7. predator.3
      predator.3 6 October 2013 13: 13 New
      0
      it was a drama, a DRAMA of the country, they were all great generals, of a great country and participants in the great war, it would have happened 100-50 years earlier, there would have been other Denikins, Brusilovs ... And nowadays miraculously escaped fratricidal war! Only this from the sides won? Though...
  2. sds555
    sds555 4 October 2013 09: 27 New
    +7
    Yes, lately, it’s just that they don’t write or shoot about them, to recall at least the film “Admiral” is all beneficial for the authorities, so that people would have negative associations at the words: CCCR, the Soviet past, and vice versa
    1. nickname 1 and 2
      nickname 1 and 2 4 October 2013 12: 40 New
      +1
      Quote: sds555
      all this is beneficial to the authorities


      what does the government have to do with it? and think for yourself? and what should young people know?

      Enough of the fact that we sucked in all one-sidedly!
      1. sds555
        sds555 4 October 2013 14: 39 New
        +4
        And now they’re bringing us in not one-sidedly? One-sidedly !!! Yes, look at the films and TV shows about WWII WHAT ARE GOING FOR THE ZOMBIERS — where are the political officers, tornadoes shown almost always by executioners with arms to the elbow in the blood, but was it always and everywhere? Of course not, and with such a presentation of information, what conclusions should young people make? (I generally am silent about the theater of the absurd-series Shtrafbat)
        1. jasper
          jasper 4 October 2013 20: 01 New
          -2
          so who is shooting? grandchildren. great-grandchildren commissar! what to the elbow in Russian blood! and you know for. that they hate IVS? for the fact that he multiplied their heroic ancestors of the civil war by zero! did what Yudenich could not!
          1. Tyumen
            Tyumen 5 October 2013 03: 41 New
            0
            Stump, the ITT did not multiply the heroes of the Civil War by zero, but intraparty feuds and a cosmopolitan communist who did not care about Russia in the name of his crazy ideas.
  3. Grenz
    Grenz 4 October 2013 09: 37 New
    10
    In any local history museum of Siberian cities through which Kolchak’s army passed, take an interest in the “exploits” of this brave admiral. Blood freezes from his atrocities. Any military history, even the most glorious one, cannot justify a man who drowned his people in blood. This applies to the "red" heroes: Bela Kun, Zemlyachka, Tukhachevsky ...
    Only he deserves respect who did not blaspheme and destroy his people !!!
    1. consul
      consul 4 October 2013 12: 38 New
      +1
      Quote: grenz
      Only he deserves respect who did not blaspheme and destroy his people !!!

      Bela Kun, Zemlyachka, Tukhachevsky, Lenin (Blank), Stalin (Dzhugashvili), Dzerzhinsky, Bronstein (Trotsky), Yehud
      and (Yagoda), Gubelman (Yaroslavsky), Yankel Rosenfeld (Sverdlov) and others - they are truly worthy of your respect, since they did not destroy their people, only a stranger. And Kolchak, Yudenich, Denikin and others fought just against such people "heroes" and people duped by them. Unfortunately, they realized too late what stood behind the "free-thinking" people who provoked the 1917 coup. It’s a pity the photo is not inserted (I’m sitting with a Mozilla), with the caption “Communists who died at the hands of the kulaks during the kulak’s uprisings in 1921 and a list of 11 Jewish surnames (there are no Russians at all).
      1. Grenz
        Grenz 4 October 2013 13: 33 New
        +2
        consul
        svskor80
        Any soldier must be faithful to the oath, otherwise it’s just a gangster
        That's it. If he is a soldier - he must fight, and not be a hangman and executioner - otherwise he really is just a gangster. Even the tsar’s oath did not call for hanging people and executing them in bundles.
        Well, at the expense of the revolutionaries - in 1993 Beitar very specifically lit up, and his snipers shot well.
        Russia is a very fat and tasty morsel - they swallow it, choke it and swallow it again, cut it alive. And the Russian people suffer.
        1. consul
          consul 4 October 2013 18: 13 New
          +1
          Quote: grenz
          royal oath

          The fact of the matter is that almost everything changed the tsar’s oath, and long before 17, and the long road, as you know, begins with a small step. And the monarchist parties were among the whites in a semi-legal position, which was monitored by Entente agents.
          1. mark021105
            mark021105 4 October 2013 23: 45 New
            +1
            Quote: consul
            The fact of the matter is that the royal oath almost all changed


            As in 1991 ...
            In the civil war, I think you will not find right and wrong right now ... Each fought for his understanding of the future of Russia. And the officers in the Red Army were no less, and perhaps even more, than in the White. Civil war in itself is a tragedy for any state, for any people! Thank God that it did not happen in 1991, but at what cost? At the cost of the death of the Great Russian Empire! It is the Russian, because the Soviet Union is a continuation of the history of the Russian Empire ...
      2. jasper
        jasper 4 October 2013 20: 06 New
        -1
        it was when the Bolsheviks and Socialist-Revolutionaries proclaimed sovereign power in the regions, then almost everywhere, they received letters! no executions, then they returned from with Latvian and "internationalist bayonets! take an interest in the history of the establishment of Soviet power at home, you will learn a lot, personally in my city the Latvians frolic
        1. nerd.su
          nerd.su 5 October 2013 04: 22 New
          0
          Quote: yasenpen
          take an interest in the history of the establishment of the sovereign power at home, you will learn a lot, personally in my city the Latvians frolic


          So you, my friend, judging by the place of residence then the orcs, whom the Latvians abused? Dangerous mix! laughing
      3. Fedya
        Fedya 18 December 2013 23: 52 New
        0
        By the way, the heir to the compatriots, the notorious bulk positioner! You are not for an hour for him?
    2. jasper
      jasper 4 October 2013 20: 03 New
      +2
      Yeah, sick of telling tales? you come to those whose grandfathers lived then and take an interest in their stories, the commissioner shed a lot of blood, relying on foreign bayonets
      1. corn
        corn 4 October 2013 21: 22 New
        0
        Do you really believe that a handful of foreigners could defeat Russia, and if you could, probably the price of such Russia is worthless.
    3. Fedya
      Fedya 18 December 2013 23: 50 New
      0
      The well-known Yuri Methodievich Solomin said that his parents spoke very negatively about the kolchak! And I believe him!
  4. svskor80
    svskor80 4 October 2013 10: 20 New
    +7
    Any soldier must be faithful to the oath, otherwise it’s just a gangster. Yudenich's oath was faithful. And in the civil war in Russia it is now pointless to divide the participants into friends and foes. All of their own.
    1. nickname 1 and 2
      nickname 1 and 2 4 October 2013 12: 45 New
      +1
      Quote: svskor80
      Yudenich's oath was faithful.


      and he (they) that could (could) look ahead?
      and we (you) why allowed the collapse of the USSR?

      = Yes, we did not know how this mess would end !!!!! otherwise ?!

      then
  5. sichevik
    sichevik 4 October 2013 10: 29 New
    +6
    Each has its own truth. And Kolchak, and Tukhachevsky, and N.I. Makhno, and V.I. Chapaeva. Each fought for their ideals. And someone for their own benefit. There were terrible times. God forbid us to experience this with you. Father went against his son, brother against brother. You can’t just condemn someone, and idealize someone. All these historical figures have admirers. and haters. How many people, so many opinions. And each of them has the right to exist ...
  6. itr
    itr 4 October 2013 10: 44 New
    0
    The article is weak! Reminds dialogue about fishing or how I spent the summer
  7. sillsas
    sillsas 4 October 2013 11: 58 New
    +3
    Forcedly forgotten heroes are still there - Budanov!
  8. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 4 October 2013 12: 05 New
    +2
    The whole problem of the First World War and its outcome, the Civil War for our country, that any “hitting” the Reds about their atrocities, executions, terror, etc. can be easily countered by the fact that the Whites were no better and further arguing is simply pointless, there is only a result that everyone can see: the red won, the white lost, so the red were smarter, stronger, more cunning ...
  9. tank_kv1
    tank_kv1 4 October 2013 12: 27 New
    +4
    Quote: Polar
    Whoever itches it all, pull out the musty White Guard rabble into the light. If these Yudenichs and Kolchaks won, how many millions of Russian people they outweighed and shot, for their estates, banks, factories. Maybe even about Vlasov, the son of an "honest fist and an effective owner" to compose a panegyric? He also fought with the "red bastard."

    Never forget: "THE WINNERS WRITE HISTORY" - our all are in white, our enemies are all bloodthirsty. There is NO black and white in this life, there are always halftones. To assess the actions of people need to be balanced.
    The civil war in Russia is a tragedy of our people, but it was caused by both objective reasons and the actions of interested groups of people, including from abroad.
  10. wax
    wax 4 October 2013 13: 21 New
    0
    However, there is a fact that all the famous commanders and military talents, most of whom are with a military education, were defeated by the workers 'and peasants' Red Army. And this fact unequivocally proves that all these loyal oaths and emperors were not sworn by military commissars to the people, and that the people were against them.
  11. Denga
    Denga 4 October 2013 13: 57 New
    +5
    Quote: Sveik
    How smart you are. The article is written about the Russian patriot and officer, with a capital letter. Better remember how many Russian people Vladimir Ilyich outweighed and shot with his gang (some Jews) as a result of the "social" revolution commissioned by the West? That's it ... Sometimes it's better to be silent ...


    Judging by your post, your brainwashed by liberal propaganda, "Jews are to blame for everything and the revolution was carried out by the spy Lenin and Co."
    Lenin is the founder of the Soviet state. The first ever socially oriented state. After Lenin, at least his scientific works remained. And your so-called “social revolution commissioned by the West” was in '91 and the person who had brought this up lives in London like so many of their children and grandchildren. And by the way, you can compare 20 years after 17 years and 20 years after 93 years.
    1. Tyumen
      Tyumen 4 October 2013 16: 14 New
      0
      All is correct. At that moment only the Bolsheviks could stop the war and revolution. And hundreds of thousands of White Guards suddenly became Soviet people. No wonder Yesenin wrote about Lenin — the one who saved us is no longer there.
  12. Motors1991
    Motors1991 4 October 2013 14: 14 New
    +4
    The article is good. Yudenich was an excellent general, in the First World War he was the actual commander of the Caucasian Front, having against him a 2-3 times superior enemy he always defeated the Turks. You should not think that the Turks were beating boys, they proved their valor in the Dardanelles operation, when armed with old cannons they filled the Entente’s face, the losses of the allies amounted to 250 thousand. Only killed plus several ships including one or two battleships. It seems to me that the whole tragedy of Russia in that war was the wrong choice of the main task. National interests demanded that the Russian Empire crush Turkey, capture Asia Minor, Constantinople, straits and access to the Mediterranean Sea. In this direction, it was necessary to concentrate the main forces. Instead, the Russian army was torn to the West, where Russia could not get anything significant. In case of victory, Galicia and Prussia would have received, and here the Dardanelles, if the Russian guns weren’t standing there, it’s unlikely that the British would not have given. Just three more hours Four corps to give to Yudenich and he would have coped with this task. And there you look, followed by Turkey, Bulgaria and Austria-Hungary collapsed, then you could think for Berlin. But, unfortunately, it’s possible.
  13. tank64rus
    tank64rus 4 October 2013 15: 30 New
    +8
    The entire officers divided like all of Russia in half, half for white and half for red. Leon Trotsky, who was entrusted with the creation of the Red Army, quickly realized that here the class approach would quickly lead to the defeat of the army and the death of the revolution. Therefore, the Red Army was created on the basis of former officers of the Russian army. There was even such a name as a military specialist. Which of them went to the Red Army consciously, which mobilization is another story, but most of the staffs in the Red Army were led by military experts. For example, in the famous Chapaev division, the headquarters was headed by a former colonel of the General Staff. Here is another example, one of the first Marshals of the Red Army. the only person around Stalin who was allowed to call the Leader by name and patronymic and whom the Leader called by name and patronymic was the former colonel of the tsarist army, Shaposhnikov Boris Mikhailovich. In 1941, he again headed the General Staff at the most critical time when the Germans were at the walls of Moscow. But after their defeat, incredible stress affected, and besides, he was already sick and died in 1944. And General Karbyshev, a world-renowned military engineer, is a former tsarist general frozen by the Germans alive in a concentration camp. To the German proposal to occupy a high post in the Wehrmacht, he replied: "My beliefs did not fall out with my teeth due to the lack of vitamins in the camp diet." So the Civil War is the tragedy of the entire People and Russian officers in particular.
    1. DPN
      DPN 19 December 2013 00: 39 New
      0
      Thanks for the reminder about GENERAL KARBYSHEV I read about him in his youth.
  14. Gomunkul
    Gomunkul 4 October 2013 15: 40 New
    +3
    Whoever itches it all, pull out the musty White Guard rabble into the light.
    Let me disagree with you here, we are descendants, we must know our history: the history of our people and our country, whatever it may be in the past. The author plus for the article, because the topic is very interesting, it is a pity that the civil war was divided into friends and foes. hi
  15. crasever
    crasever 4 October 2013 17: 00 New
    0
    These days we recall October 1993 ... Then not the worst children of our Fatherland died ... We’ll be silent ...
  16. Pehmore
    Pehmore 4 October 2013 21: 43 New
    +4
    Now you don’t spit anywhere, either a nobleman, a Cossack, the great-great-grandson of a white officer. They’ll put on some medals and groan that everyone’s commies on the pillars. Where were your protesters, when did you have to hang those commies? Now it’s fashionable to spray with saliva and about Jews Tatars, etc., etc. It’s good to sit warm and hang about what would happen and if it were. Are the Jews to blame for everything? how many? 5 million, 6 million? What about us? Maybe we want them to control us? We ourselves are to blame.
  17. gerafak
    gerafak 4 October 2013 22: 00 New
    +1
    The people, the civil one, ended 90 years ago and there is no need to unleash it anew, and who is right, who is to blame - let everyone decide for himself.
  18. naguss
    naguss 5 October 2013 03: 01 New
    0
    Suvorov, Kutuzov, Skobelev, Ermolov, Brusilov, Yudenich and many other military leaders brought glory to Russian weapons, the glory of Russia. No need to trample our history, no need to denigrate the talent and allegiance of the oath of many officers of the White Army, just do not care about the heroism and sacrifice of the Reds. Civil war is the worst thing that can happen to a country.
  19. the polar
    the polar 5 October 2013 07: 51 New
    0
    Yes, you who read only Solzhenitsyn know for sure that Lenin is a cannibal and Stalin is a vampire. Such they are.
  20. DPN
    DPN 19 December 2013 00: 29 New
    0
    Quote: pahom54
    But in general, such admiral generals as Yudenich, Alekseev, Kolchak - must be respected. They are historical figures, the history of our Russia, and are worthy of memory and respect, and not maliciousness.


    They also need to be respected as Yeltsin, who unleashed a war in the Caucasus and she does not see the END. HOW did the military experts understand that they would lose in the Civil War, they ask why the hell did they ruin the Russian people. 22 years ago, the Soviet people were cruelly fooled, now they are muzzled by taxes and courts. So these heroes were good scientists and good executioners of their slave people.